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The bilingual (Aramaic-Hebrew) concordance to the Targum of the
Prophets is the product of an international project based in the
Theological University of the Reformed Churches in the Netherlands,
Kampen (ThUK) and supported by the Netherlands Organization for
Scientific Research (NWO). With this publication a major research
tool becomes available to those engaged in Biblical and Jewish
The town of "Mari is situated on the Euphrates, near the eastern
Syrian border. This study compares the 18th century BC Old
Babylonian texts from Mari with the "Hebrew Scriptures and the
early history of Israel. Given the West Semitic or Amorite
character of both Mari and the "Bible, this comparison may rightly
be called imperative.
The aim of the present work is to make a contribution to the
understanding of the inner workings of the Syriac language through
a study of one important corpus written in that language.
This book takes into account written as well as oral works that circulated during this 500-year period. Taking neither an etymological nor an archeological approach, Harvey instead uses the theory of associative fields to explore the full range of associations of the names in their actual context to better understand how the words were actually used. Divided into three parts, Jew, Hebrew, and Israel respectively, the volume especially examines Israel. Within each section, individual chapters are dedicated to specific literature. This book makes a significant contribution to Jewish self-definition, then and now.
This work represents the first independent study of the
Jewish-Christian Gospel fragments and of the use of the
Jewish-Christian Gospel tradition in early Christian and medieval
Scholars tend to view the Damascus Document as a historical source,
but a reading of the text in light of contemporary
(audience-oriented) literary criticism finds its emphasis in the
ideological construction of history and communal identity, rather
than in the preservation of a historical record.
This volume examines reflexes of a West Semitic myth describing an attempted coup against the high god of the pantheon. In 1939, J. Morgenstern theorized that this myth was the precursor of the Satan traditions found in Jewish and Christian sources. This treatment (1) reconsiders Morgenstern's hypothesis, (2) reviews scholarship on this myth of cosmic rebellion within the W.F. Albright/F.M. Cross, Jr. lineage, (3) compiles a concordance of texts cited by scholars in analyzing the myth, (4) considers the possibility that Athtar is the myth's divine antihero, (5) provides a translation and close reading of selected Ugaritic and Hebrew texts that have informed discussion about the myth, (6) reassesses the value of these texts, and (7) provides a reconstruction of the myth.
This first part of a 2-volume work, this study combines recent
approaches that treat the formation and early interpretation of the
final form of the book of Isaiah with the more conventional
historical-critical methods that treat the use of traditions by
Isaiah's authors and editors. Studies investigate Isaiah's use of
early sacred tradition, the editing and contextualization of
oracles within the Isaianic tradition itself, and the
interpretation of the book of Isaiah in later traditions (as seen
in the various versions of the text and various communities).
The present work deals with anthropomorphism and interpretation of the Qur'?n in the theology of the Zaidite imam al-Q?sim ibn Ibr?h?m (785-860 A.D.). The edition and annotated translation of al-Q?sim's epistle "Kit?b al-mustarshid" is preceded by a detailed introduction, which treats early Islamic theology. For the abrogation of the literal meanings of Qur'?nic anthropomorphic expressions, the author uses similes, idioms and phrases in Arabic, pieces of evidence from ancient Arabic poetry and rational arguments which often reflect the Mu'tazilite ways of dealing with anthropomorphism. The second subject, the place of the Qur'?n in al-Q?sim's writings and his methods of interpretation of the Qur'?n, bears directly upon his doctrines in general and upon his doctrine of anti-anthropomorphism in particular, and also contributes to the understanding of the development of Qur'?nic exegesis in the first half of the ninth century.
What is prophecy? - Social criticism? Divination? Political rhetoric? Whimsy? A literary genre? Some or all of the above, or something else entirely? How does it function in the biblical text? How did it function in Israelite society? How does it relate to phenomena found in other Ancient Near Eastern cultures? How does true prophecy differ from false? The various facets and enigmas of Hebrew prophecy have occupied many biblical scholars over recent decades, and the progress of the investigation is documented by this collection of quality articles that have appeared in "Vetus Testamentum," Readers will find the individual studies, from a variety of approaches, frequently eye-opening, always instructive and stimulating. The collection as a whole offers a useful resource for all students of biblical prophecy.
This volume of conference papers presents new discoveries, updated information, and technological advances in the study of the Dead Sea Scrolls. Two papers examine the identity of the messiahs in 4Q246 and 4Q521. A thorough analysis of scribal markings in the Dead Sea texts is presented. Biblical studies include multiple literary editions of biblical texts, the book of Numbers at Qumran, and the appearance of the Tetragrammaton in 4QSama texts. The notions of judgment and salvation according to "Sapiential Work A" are thoroughly examined, and the relationship of the six "Barki Nafshi" texts is carefully considered. New developments in the field of Dead Sea Scrolls studies include the Dead Sea Scrolls Database and DNA studies on the scrolls themselves.
This book considers the place of the women disciples of Jesus in Christian Gnostic documents. It examines their significance and representation in Nag Hammadi documents (GosThom, GosPhil, SophJesChr, DialSav, 1ApocJas) and other early gnostic sources (GosMary, Pistis Sophia), in Patristic anti-Gnostic documents, and in Manichaean Psalms. In these documents, mostly composed during the second and third centuries C.E., Mary Magdalene, Salome, Martha and Mary, Arsinoe, Mary, the mother of Jesus, and other anonymous women appear as female disciples. A central issue of the book is the relation between the central role of these women disciples and the apparently contradictory statements about femininity and masculinity which appear in the same texts. The negative view of femininity proves to offer a background to the high assessment of the role of particular women. These female disciples transcend their femininity and become "male."
Recent developments in Pentateuchal studies -- from both diachronic
(historical) and synchronic (literary-textual) perspectives -- have
made it possible to read Genesis 18 and 19, the evocative story of
Abraham and Lot, in a new light. This work uses both types of
approach to examine the text, (1) considered in its own terms --
its structural and linguistic features, in a detailed close reading
of each verse -- and (2) considered in terms of its symbolism and
imagery in relation to those found in comparable cultures of the
ancient Middle East.
B.R. Ambedkar's magnum opus, The Buddha and his Dhamma, was barely completed before his death and was published posthumously in 1957. The book is known for Ambedkar's review and analysis of the vast Buddhist canon and literature. This is the first critical edition of The Buddha and his Dhamma. Along with a new Introduction, it includes footnotes indicating sources and annotations explaining various topics of discussion. The annotations provide useful information on canons like Suttas and Dhammapada indicating their authoritativeness in the Buddhist tradition and discuss the modifications effected in Ambedkar's use of the source material. An analytical index helps locate various passages and themes in the original text.
This work is part of a 21-volume set that provides a bilingual concordance to the "Targum of the Prophets". The bilingual (Aramaic-Hebrew) concordance is the product of an international project based in the Theological University, Kampen and supported by the Netherlands Organization for Scientific Research (NWO). The aim was to provide a research tool for those engaged in research in Biblical and Jewish studies. Quotations from the Targum and the Masoretic Hebrew text of the Bible are set out in parallel so that the user can study the translation technique of the Targum in detail. For comparative purposes the concordance is published per book of the Prophets. Eventually a complete concordance will become available in electronic form. The concordance makes a wealth of largely unknown material accessible to researchers. The discovery of the presumed-lost "Song of the Lamb" (referred to in Revelations 15:3) by members of the editorial team illustrates the importance of such a concordance to both Judaic and New Testament studies. It should also of use in the textual criticism and the history of interpretation. To facilitate consultation on the basis of the Hebrew, every concordance per book contains a Hebrew-Aramaic index. The final volume will contain a cumulative Hebrew-Aramaic index.
Harish Johari's revelations on the lessons and predictions in this
classic Indian epic
"Qur'anic Keywords: A Reference Guide" analyzes basic keywords contained in the Qur'an revealed to the Prophet Muhammad. The dominant vocabulary in the modern world is that of the secular-Christian and Western ideology and its institutions. In order to appreciate the message of the Qur'an understanding the concepts which each Qur'anic term conveys is essential. The author maintains that unless these concepts are fully understood, one cannot benefit from and be inspired by the Qur'an. He has selected over 140 words and provided explanatory notes on each of them. These will help to clarify and provide better understanding about the dynamic ideas portrayed in the Qur'an. The book will be valuable tool especially for those who do not know Arabic and try to understand the Qur'an through translations.
aFor the general reader, and the ever-burgeoning number of students
in Jewish studies programs, the "Essential Papers" series brings
together a wealth of core secondary material, while the
commentaries offered by the editors aim to place this material in
critical comparative context.a
No work has informed Jewish life and history more than the Talmud. This unique and vast collection of teachings and traditions contains within it the intellectual output of hundreds of Jewish sages who considered all aspects of an entire peopleas life from the Hellenistic period in Palestine (c. 315 B.C.E.) until the end of the Sassanian era in Babylonia (615 C.E.). This volume adds the insights of modern talmudic scholarship and criticism to the growing number of more traditionally oriented works that seek to open the talmudic heritage and tradition to contemporary readers. These central essays provide a taste of the myriad ways in which talmudic study can intersect with such diverse disciplines as economics, history, ethics, law, literary criticism, and philosophy.
Contributors: Baruch Micah Bokser, Boaz Cohen, Ari Elon, Meyer S. Feldblum, Louis Ginzberg, Abraham Goldberg, Robert Goldenberg, Heinrich Graetz, Louis Jacobs, David Kraemer, Geoffrey B. Levey, Aaron Levine, Saul Lieberman, Jacob Neusner, Nahum Rakover, and David Weiss-Halivni.
Now at seventy-three volumes, this popular MLA series (ISSN 1059-1133) addresses a broad range of literary texts. Each volume surveys teaching aids and critical material and brings together essays that apply a variety of perspectives to teaching the text. Upper-level undergraduate and graduate students, student teachers, education specialists, and teachers in all humanities disciplines will find these volumes particularly helpful.
An original study of the Qur'anic foundations of women's identity and agency, this book is a bold call to Muslim women and men to reread and reinterpret the Qur'an and to discover within its revelations an inherent affirmation of gender equality. Barazangi asserts that Muslim women have been generally excluded from full participation in Islamic society, and thus from full and equal Islamic identity, primarily because of patriarchal readings of the Qur'an and the entire range of early Qur'anic literature. Based on her study of the sacred text, she argues that Islamic higher learning is a basic human right, that women have equal authority to participate in the interpretation of Islamic primary sources, and that women will realize their just role in society and their potential as human beings only when they are involved in the interpretation of the Qur'an. Barazangi offers a curricular framework for self-teaching that could prepare Muslim women for an active role in citizenship and policymaking in a pluralistic society by affirming the self-identity of the Muslim woman as an autonomous spiritual and intellectual human being.
The Qur'an Revealed is a landmark publication in the history of Islamic studies, providing for the first time a comprehensive critical analysis of Bedizuzzaman Said Nursi's 6000-page work of Quranic exegesis, The Epistles of Light. In discussing a wide range of themes, from Divine unity to causation, from love to spirituality, from prophethood to civilization and politics, Colin Turner invites the reader into Nursi's conceptual universe, presenting the teachings of arguably the Muslim world's most understudied theologian in a language that is accessible to both expert and interested layperson alike.
Skandapurana IIb presents a critical edition of Adhyayas 31-52 from the Skandapurana, with an introduction and English synopsis. The text edited in this volume includes central myths of early Saivism, such as the destruction of Daksa's sacrifice and Siva acquiring the bull for his vehicle. Also included is an extensive description of the thirteen hells (Naraka).
This lucidly written study is unique in that there is no book
extant by an economic historian that discusses Talmudic economics
"in the light of modern economics. Its major focus is on the
intricate debates, statements and principles that were forged by
the Talmudic Rabbis. This ancient storehouse of learning includes a
wealth of economic knowledge of modern sophistication. The book
taps these "economic treasures" by way of analytic inquiry.
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