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The epoch from the eighth century B.C.E. up to the exile is marked by a great transformation in the society of ancient Judah, as reflected especially in the texts of the pre-exilic prophets. A relatively egalitarian society transforms into a class society, wherein a class of wealthy landowners is opposed to a growing class of impoverished farmers. The main factor in this development is the indebtedness of the farmers. All the forces of society and state are afflicted by this transformation. This book endeavours to describe this transformation as precisely as possible, by examining the prophetical texts , and other biblical and epigraphical materials. Unlike the theories of "annuity capitalism" or "antique development" the work especially stresses the role of the state and its organs in this transformation. Die Zeit vom 8. Jahrhundert bis zum Exil ist die Zeit eines gewaltigen gesellschaftlichen Umbruchs im antiken Juda, wie er sich vor allem in den Texten der vorexilischen Propheten widerspiegelt. Eine relativ egalitare Gesellschaft transformiert sich in eine Klassengesellschaft, bei der wenige Grundbesitzer einer groesser werdenden Klasse verarmter Bauern gegenuberstehen. Von diesem Umbruch, dessen Hauptfaktor die UEberschuldung der kleinen Bauern ist, werden alle Krafte der Gesellschaft und des Staates erfasst. Die vorliegende Arbeit versucht, anhand der einschlagigen prophetischen Texte, des ubrigen biblischen sowie des epigraphischen Materials diesen Umbruch moeglichst umfassend zu beschreiben. Anders als bei den gegenwartig vertretenen Theorien des "Rentenkapitalismus" und der "antiken Entwicklung" wird dabei besonderes Gewicht auf die Rolle des Staates und seiner Organe bei der gesellschaftlichen Umwalzung gelegt. Das Buch wendet sich an Exegeten, die auf dem Feld der Sozialgeschichte Israels, der vorexilischen Prophetie und der althebraischen Epigraphik arbeiten.
Using a combination of literary theory and the tools of biblical
criticism, this original and thought-provoking study investigates
the book of Judges as an example of the art of editing in the
Hebrew Bible. Judges is shown to have been composed in its parts,
and as a whole, according to particular integrative principles. The
study not only sheds new light on the redaction of Judges, but
opens a new window on biblical historiography as a whole.
An appreciation of the form and artistry of texts is essential to the understanding of their content, and nowhere is this more evident than in the case of biblical poetry. But poetic form is also worthy of appreciation in its own right, and as the studies in this collection show, Hebrew poetry can be seen as a monument to the literary-artistic achievement of the ancients. Great strides have been made in the investigation of the form and structure of the biblical texts, and no new study of the Hebrew Bible can afford to ignore the fruitful work that has been done in this field. This useful collection presents in a handy format an ample harvest of research by many of the world's leading Hebrew Bible scholars who have published their work in the pages of "Vetus Testamentum" in recent decades. It provides a fascinating reflection of the continuing new discoveries of the richness of the biblical text, which informs the lively present-day study of the Hebrew Bible as world literature.
This book investigates the feminine traditions of the Hebrew Bible in a readable manner, pertinent to contemporary times. It is unique in its focus on the experiences of biblical women and not how they were perceived within a patriarchal context.Women on the Biblical Road explores, through an eco-feminist lens, female heroes, their journey cycles, and the oral tradition from which these stories originate. At the core of this look at women on the biblical road is the book of Ruth, the Bible's most complete tale of the female adventure. Caspi and Havrelock point out that the journey of Ruth and Naomi corresponds with a cycle of return and redemption, inseparable from Ruth's and Naomi's experience on the road. The authors also propose that this story of two women from distinctly different places who are able to fuse their goals and help each other survive, points to plausible cultural reconciliation in the Middle East and beyond. This book is intended for any university class studying the Hebrew Bible, courses at synagogues or churches, and women interested in tracing female spiritual traditions. Women on the Biblical Road is an important book for the Women's Spirituality Movement and will surely appeal to the contemporary woman interested in reconstructing women's traditions.
The temptations of Jesus cast a spell on readers young and old. These temptations are macabre yet triumphant, short yet endless, ominous and dismal yet sacred and hopeful. Scholars have long been obsessed with the attempted seduction of the Saint and the successful sanitation of the Seducer. Where else but from Q could such an enchanting narrative derive? This book reviews scholarship and examines tradition history to argue that the pericope is more than a wisdom-derived scribal legitimation of the Teacher, a popular (and partially correct) theory about the story's origin and function in Q. It is a theological summit ascribing a unique sonship to Jesus. With diabolic dialogue in such sacred sites as Zion, Sinai, and the desert, protology and eschatology brew to form a muse on both the wilderness testing of Israel and the primeval testing of Adam. The brief expedition through the cosmos - from desert to empire to sanctuary - demonstrates a lordship of evil in the world, and thus a need for the reign of God and a context for Jesus' sonship, sermon, prayer, miracles, exorcisms, and even his death and resurrection. The tests present an approved champion (a Son of God), a conflict (a tryst with mortality and cosmic evil), and a conquest (resulting in an enthronement). These narratives, not supplied by Matthew and Luke, are found only in Q.
'A lot of my plays begin as comedies and mutate in the course of the evening, because my instinct is that you have to welcome the audience in and make sure they're sitting comfortably before you can give them an adequate punch on the jaw.' Since the acclaimed London premiere of his first play in 1966, Christopher Hampton has established himself as one of Britain's most prominent, and least predictable, dramatists. From his best-known play, Les Liaisons Dangereuses, and its Oscar-winning film version, Dangerous Liaisons, to personal and critical favourites like Total Eclipse and Tales from Hollywood; from his films as writer-director (Carrington, Imagining Argentina) to his work as screenwriter-for-hire (Mary Reilly, The Quiet American); from translations (Art) to musicals (Sunset Boulevard), Hampton eloquently - and entertainingly - explores his varied career with interviewer Alistair Owen, and discusses its recurring theme: the clash of liberal and radical thought, exemplified by his most recent play, The Talking Cure, about the fathers of psychoanalysis, Jung and Freud.
This volume of conference papers presents new discoveries, updated information, and technological advances in the study of the Dead Sea Scrolls. Two papers examine the identity of the messiahs in 4Q246 and 4Q521. A thorough analysis of scribal markings in the Dead Sea texts is presented. Biblical studies include multiple literary editions of biblical texts, the book of Numbers at Qumran, and the appearance of the Tetragrammaton in 4QSama texts. The notions of judgment and salvation according to "Sapiential Work A" are thoroughly examined, and the relationship of the six "Barki Nafshi" texts is carefully considered. New developments in the field of Dead Sea Scrolls studies include the Dead Sea Scrolls Database and DNA studies on the scrolls themselves.
In the last three decades, hundreds of books and essays have been published on women, gender, and Jewish Studies. This burgeoning scholarship has not been adequately theorized, contextualized, or historicized. This book argues that Jewish feminist studies is currently constrained by multiple frames of reference that require re-examination, a self-critical awareness, and a serious reflective inquiry into the models, paradigms, and assumptions that inform, shape, and define this area of academic interest. This book is the first critical analysis of Jewish feminist scholarship, tracing it from its tentative beginnings in the late 1970s to contemporary academic articulations of its disciplinary projects. It focuses on the assumptions, evasions, omissions, inconsistencies, and gaps in this scholarship, and notably the absence of debate, contestation, and interrogation of authoritative articulations of its presumed goals, investments, and priorities. The book teases out implicit thinking about mapping, direction, and orientation from introductions to leading anthologies and engages critically with the few explicitly theoretical works on Jewish feminist studies, contesting ideas that have become hegemonic in some areas, and interrogating the limitations these theories impose on future trajectories in Jewish feminist studies. Each chapter outlines the theoretical assumptions that inform salient publications in the field, providing a close reading of scholarly texts that justify certain practices. The book is divided into four chapters, each of which focuses on a different frame of reference. It outlines the way in which the various frames that have so far been imposed on Jewish feminism, the ethnocentric, liberal, personal, masculinist, and essentialist, have arrested its theoretical elaboration and articulation. The book includes both interdisciplinary anthologies on gender and Jewish identity and disciplinary publications in history, literature, philosophy, cultural studies, and Holocaust studies.
Environmentalists have turned to Eastern religion, Deep Ecology and Native American religion for alternatives to the Western view that humans should dominate nature. In Economics, Ecology, and the Roots of Western Faith, Robert R. Gottfried persuasively demonstrates that the ancient Hebrew worldview, found in the Torah and the New Testament, is remarkably 'green.' Drawing on these insights from ancient Western thought and economic understanding of ecosystems and natural processess, Gottfried analyzes the prerequisites for maintaining or improving human welfare and ecological vitality in terms of land economics and management.
This is a translation of the 1911 Biblisch-Talmudiesche Medizin , an extensively researched text that gathers the medical and hygienic references found in the Jewish sacred, historical, and legal literatures, written by German physician and scholar Julius Preuss (1861-1913).
This Aramaic-Hebrew concordance to the Targum of the Prophets is the product of an international project based in the Theological University of the Reformed Churches in the Netherlands, Kampen and supported by the Netherlands Organization for Scientific Research. Quotations from the Targum and the Masoretic Hebrew text of the Bible are set out in parallel so that the user of the concordance can study the translation technique of the Targum in detail. For comparative purposes the concordance is published in separate volumes per book of the Prophets and a Hebrew-Aramaic index is included in each of these.
This comprehensive set includes thorough examinations of the QurA!n in Wherry's essential four volume commentary. There is also an excellent overview of Islam by the well known scholar Edward Sell, The Faith of Islam which examines the history of Islam, the different forms of Islam and religious practice. This set will prove to be an excellent historical resource for anyone interested in western scholarship of Islamic doctrine, and the writings in the QurA!n
This is the part 8 of this monumental collection of 18 volumes which is by far the most significant and most profound work of Sayyid Qutb who wrote most of it while in prison. This piece of work has been recognized as an outstanding contribution to Islamic thought and scholarship to which students and scholars, including contemporary Islamic revivalist movements all over the world, owe a great deal. It spans the whole work of the Qur'an and gives a deeper insight into its universal message within a contemporary perspective.
First Order: Zeraim / Tractates Kilaim and eviit ist der dritte Band in der Edition des Jerusalemer Talmuds und ein grundlegendes Werk der Judischen Patristik. Der Band prasentiert grundlegende judische Texte aus dem Bereich der Landwirtschaft: verbotene Mischungen von Saaten, Tieren und Geweben (Kilaim) sowie das Verbot landwirtschaftlicher Tatigkeit im Sabbatjahr, in dem auch alle Schulden zu erlassen sind ( eviit). Dieser Teil des Jerusalemer Talmuds hat so gut wie keine Entsprechung im Babylonischen Talmud. Ohne seine Kenntnis bleiben die diesbezuglichen Regeln der judischen Tradition unverstandlich."
The papers published in this volume were presented at the Fifth
Orion International Symposium (Jerusalem, 2000), which focused on
prayer and poetry in light of the Dead Sea Scrolls. The volume
examines the recently published poetical and liturgical texts from
Qumran against the background of Second Temple Judaism, its
biblical antecedents, and later rabbinic developments.
These two volumes collect some of the most influential and
important scholarly essays by the late Morton Smith (1915-1991),
for many years Professor of Ancient History at Columbia University
in New York City. Smith was admired and feared for his
extraordinary ability to look at familiar texts in unfamiliar ways,
to re-open old questions, to pose new questions, and to demolish
received truths. He practiced the "hermeneutics of suspicion" to
devastating effect. His answers are not always convincing but his
questions cannot be ignored.
This book concerns the definition of the category-formations of the Halakhah, which are defined by the Mishnah: why these, not others? The question breaks into two parts: why the particular method that is identified as the generative hermeneutics of the Halakhah, or law, of that Judaism? Second, can we account for the topics that the Mishnah-Tosefta-Yerushalmi-Bavli would introduce into the system, beyond the repertoire at the foundations defined by the analytical-topical hermeneutics that defines the normative category-formations? In answering the second question the book accounts for the analytical topics themselves. It defines the indicative traits that characterize all topical-analytical category-formations. Neusner claims to have identified the architectonics of the building, to know what holds the whole together, to account for the composition and the construction of the parts. These part or category-formations, all together, in proportion and in balance and sublimity seen whole on site, are Judaism.
An immense understanding of the Qur'an is offered here, a vast treasure of knowledge and deep insight and a valuable exposition of some social, political, economic and legal teachings of the Qur'an. But what makes this work unique is that it presents the Qur'an as a book to be lived by. With notes, an introduction and comprehensive index.
Aware of the fundamental criticism against mysticism in theological
literature of this century, this volume radicalizes the tradition
of Negative Theology and defines mysticism as the "realization of
non-duality. Interpreting the term by the religio-philosophy of the
modern Japanese Zen-master Hisamatsu Shin'ichi, an outstanding
point of comparison is found to test the Gospel of John for
This book demonstrates to students that there is a religious and historical development throughout the Old Testament. Dane Gordon traces the historical development of Israel, giving attention to the societies among which development occurred. The author also places ancient Israel into an historical and cultural context, showing that it was not an isolated phenomenon in a mythical past. Contents: Preface; THE ORIGINS OF ISRAEL; Abraham and the Patriarchal Period; The Land of Caanan; The Influence of Mesopotamia; EGYPT AND THE EXODUS; Israel in Egypt; Stages Toward Freedom; The Composition of the Pentateuch: The Old Testament Canon and Text; CLAIMING THE PROMISED LAND; The Conquest; Judges; The Philistines and the Beginning of the Monarchy; A GREAT NATION; David; Solomon; THE DIVIDED KINGDOM: Religious and Political Struggles; The Division of the Kingdom of Omri; Omri and Ahab: A Religious Crisis; From Ahab to Jeroboam; THE AGE OF JEROBOAM II; The Prophet Amos; The Prophet Hosea; UZZIAH TO THE DESTRUCTION OF JERUSALEM; Isaiah of Jerusalem; From Hezekiah to Josiah; The Prophet Jeremiah; EXILE; The Prophet Ezekiel; The Fall of Babylon; Second Isaiah; RETURN; The Return: Haggai and Zechariah; Third Isaiah and Malachi; The Prophets Ezra and Nehemiah; THE END OF THE OLD TESTAMENT PERIOD; The Book of Daniel and the Hellenistic Age; Chronological Charts; Bibliography; Index.
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