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Books > Science & Mathematics > Biology, life sciences > Life sciences: general issues > Ecological science, the Biosphere

Water Quality Criteria Green Book of China (Hardcover, 1st ed. 2015): Zhengtao Liu Water Quality Criteria Green Book of China (Hardcover, 1st ed. 2015)
Zhengtao Liu
R3,094 R2,396 Discovery Miles 23 960 Save R698 (23%) Shipped within 7 - 12 working days

The book mainly introduces readers to the development and current status of water quality criteria (WQC) in China and other countries or areas, and proposes a minimum toxicity data requirement (MTDR; i.e., six species from three phyla) as the principle metric for deriving WQC in China. Further, ten model species from 4 different phyla are recommended as domestic test species, and the methodologies for deriving aquatic life criteria, sediment criteria, ecocriteria and nutrient criteria in China are also described in detail. In order to demonstrate the methods, several representative chemical pollutants and aquatic environments are highlighted as examples. The book provides important references for future WQC-related research in China, which will make it of great interest to researchers and graduate students in the fields of environmental science, ecology and aquatic science etc.

Science and Sensibility - Negotiating an Ecology of Place (Paperback): Michael Vincent McGinnis Science and Sensibility - Negotiating an Ecology of Place (Paperback)
Michael Vincent McGinnis
R546 R423 Discovery Miles 4 230 Save R123 (23%) Shipped within 7 - 12 working days

If humans are to understand and discover ways of addressing complex social and ecological problems, we first need to find intimacy with our particular places and communities. Cultivating a relationship to place often includes a negotiating process that involves both science and sensibility. While science is one key part of an adaptive and resilient society, the cultivation of a renewed sense of place and community is essential as well. Science and Sensibility argues for the need for ecology to engage with philosophical values and economic motivations in a political process of negotiation, with the goal of shaping humans' treatment of the natural world. Michael Vincent McGinnis aims to reframe ecology so it might have greater "trans-scientific" awareness of the roles and interactions among multiple stakeholders in socioecological systems, and he also maintains that deep ecological knowledge of specific places will be crucial to supporting a sustainable society. He uses numerous specific case studies from watershed, coastal, and marine habitats to illustrate how place-based ecological negotiation can occur, and how reframing our negotiation process can influence conservation, restoration, and environmental policy in effective ways.

Eutrophication and Oligotrophication in Japanese Estuaries - The present status and future tasks (Hardcover, 1st ed. 2015):... Eutrophication and Oligotrophication in Japanese Estuaries - The present status and future tasks (Hardcover, 1st ed. 2015)
Tetsuo Yanagi
R2,664 R2,184 Discovery Miles 21 840 Save R480 (18%) Shipped within 7 - 12 working days

This book presents lessons learnt from Japan's past, in relation to coastal waters, industrial pollutants and concentrated urban populations. It examines ecosystem damage and pollution in coastal sea areas and addresses the question: What is the present status of Japanese estuaries from the view point of eutrophication and oligotrophication? The authors describe three typical situations, namely eutrophication problems in Tokyo Bay, oligotrophication problems in the Seto Inland Sea, and the disappearance of hypoxia in Dokai Bay. Readers will learn how legal controls on Total Phosphorus (TP) and Total Nitrogen (TN) loads have played an important role in each of these three bays. They will see that the results of the application of the law differ among the three bays as the characteristics of material cycling are different. The roles of community activities, water related technology development and local characteristics emerge, as responses to problems of environmental deterioration and future tasks are all investigated in this publication. The book will appeal to anyone with an interest in maintaining healthy estuaries, or in coastal water environment affairs and governing systems.

Ecosystem Based Management for Marine Fisheries - An Evolving Perspective (Hardcover): Andrea Belgrano, Charles W. Fowler Ecosystem Based Management for Marine Fisheries - An Evolving Perspective (Hardcover)
Andrea Belgrano, Charles W. Fowler
R2,306 R2,124 Discovery Miles 21 240 Save R182 (8%) Shipped within 7 - 12 working days

Showing how big-picture patterns can help overcome the failures of conventional management, this book is ideal for students, researchers and professionals involved with marine fisheries. It explores not only the current practice of the 'ecosystem approach' to fisheries management but also its critical importance to even larger perspectives. The first section gives a valuable overview of how more and more of the complexity of real-world systems is being recognized and involved in the management of fisheries around the world. The second section then demonstrates how important aspects of real-world systems, involving population dynamics, evolution and behavior, remain to be taken into account completely. This section also shows how we must change the way we think about our involvement in, and the complexity of, marine ecosystems. The final chapters consider how, with the use of carefully chosen macroecological patterns, we can take important steps towards more holistic management of marine fisheries.

Ecological Methods (Paperback, 4th Edition): Peter A. Henderson, T.R.E. Southwood Ecological Methods (Paperback, 4th Edition)
Peter A. Henderson, T.R.E. Southwood
R1,242 R900 Discovery Miles 9 000 Save R342 (28%) Shipped within 7 - 13 working days

4th edition of this classic Ecology text * Computational methods have largely been replaced by descriptions of the available software * Includes procedure information for R software and other freely available software systems * Now includes web references for equipment, software and detailed methodologies

The Princeton Guide to Ecology (Paperback): Simon A. Levin, Stephen R. Carpenter, H. Charles J. Godfray, Ann P. Kinzig, Michel... The Princeton Guide to Ecology (Paperback)
Simon A. Levin, Stephen R. Carpenter, H. Charles J. Godfray, Ann P. Kinzig, Michel Loreau, …
R1,126 R862 Discovery Miles 8 620 Save R264 (23%) Shipped within 7 - 12 working days

The Princeton Guide to Ecology is a concise, authoritative one-volume reference to the field's major subjects and key concepts. Edited by eminent ecologist Simon Levin, with contributions from an international team of leading ecologists, the book contains more than ninety clear, accurate, and up-to-date articles on the most important topics within seven major areas: autecology, population ecology, communities and ecosystems, landscapes and the biosphere, conservation biology, ecosystem services, and biosphere management. Complete with more than 200 illustrations (including sixteen pages in color), a glossary of key terms, a chronology of milestones in the field, suggestions for further reading on each topic, and an index, this is an essential volume for undergraduate and graduate students, research ecologists, scientists in related fields, policymakers, and anyone else with a serious interest in ecology. * Explains key topics in one concise and authoritative volume * Features more than ninety articles written by an international team of leading ecologists * Contains more than 200 illustrations, including sixteen pages in color * Includes glossary, chronology, suggestions for further reading, and index * Covers autecology, population ecology, communities and ecosystems, landscapes and the biosphere, conservation biology, ecosystem services, and biosphere management

Ecology of North America (Hardcover, 2nd Edition): Brian R. Chapman, Eric G. Bolen Ecology of North America (Hardcover, 2nd Edition)
Brian R. Chapman, Eric G. Bolen
R1,306 R1,182 Discovery Miles 11 820 Save R124 (9%) Shipped within 7 - 12 working days

North America contains an incredibly diverse array of natural environments, each supporting unique systems of plant and animal life. These systems, the largest of which are biomes, form intricate webs of life that have taken millennia to evolve. This richly illustrated book introduces readers to this extraordinary array of natural communities and their subtle biological and geological interactions. Completely revised and updated throughout, the second edition of this successful text takes a qualitative, intuitive approach to the subject, beginning with an overview of essential ecological terms and concepts, such as competitive exclusion, taxa, niches, and succession. It then goes on to describe the major biomes and communities that characterize the rich biota of the continent, starting with the Tundra and continuing with Boreal Forest, Deciduous Forest, Grasslands, Deserts, Montane Forests, and Temperature Rain Forest, among others. Coastal environments, including the Laguna Madre, seagrasses, Chesapeake Bay, and barrier islands appear in a new chapter. Additionally, the book covers many unique features such as pitcher plant bogs, muskeg, the polar ice cap, the cloud forests of Mexico, and the LaBrea tar pits. Infoboxes have been added; these include biographies of historical figures who provided significant contributions to the development of ecology, unique circumstances such as frogs and insects that survive freezing, and conservation issues such as those concerning puffins and island foxes. Throughout the text, ecological concepts are worked into the text; these include biogeography, competitive exclusion, succession, soil formation, and the mechanics of natural selection. Ecology of North America 2e is an ideal first text for students interested in natural resources, environmental science, and biology, and it is a useful and attractive addition to the library of anyone interested in understanding and protecting the natural environment.

Statistics for Ecologists Using R and Excel - Data Collection, Exploration, Analysis and Presentation (Hardcover, 2nd edition):... Statistics for Ecologists Using R and Excel - Data Collection, Exploration, Analysis and Presentation (Hardcover, 2nd edition)
Mark Gardener
R1,372 R1,240 Discovery Miles 12 400 Save R132 (10%) Shipped within 7 - 12 working days

This is a book about the scientific process and how you apply it to data in ecology. You will learn how to plan for data collection, how to assemble data, how to analyze data and finally how to present the results. The book uses Microsoft Excel and the powerful Open Source R program to carry out data handling as well as producing graphs. Statistical approaches covered include: data exploration; tests for difference - t-test and U-test; correlation - Spearman's rank test and Pearson product-moment; association including Chi-squared tests and goodness of fit; multivariate testing using analysis of variance (ANOVA) and Kruskal-Wallis test; and multiple regression. Key skills taught in this book include: how to plan ecological projects; how to record and assemble your data; how to use R and Excel for data analysis and graphs; how to carry out a wide range of statistical analyses including analysis of variance and regression; how to create professional looking graphs; and how to present your results. New in this edition: a completely revised chapter on graphics including graph types and their uses, Excel Chart Tools, R graphics commands and producing different chart types in Excel and in R; an expanded range of support material online, including; example data, exercises and additional notes & explanations; a new chapter on basic community statistics, biodiversity and similarity; chapter summaries and end-of-chapter exercises. Praise for the first edition: This book is a superb way in for all those looking at how to design investigations and collect data to support their findings. - Sue Townsend, Biodiversity Learning Manager, Field Studies Council [M]akes it easy for the reader to synthesise R and Excel and there is extra help and sample data available on the free companion webpage if needed. I recommended this text to the university library as well as to colleagues at my student workshops on R. Although I initially bought this book when I wanted to discover R I actually also learned new techniques for data manipulation and management in Excel - Mark Edwards, EcoBlogging A must for anyone getting to grips with data analysis using R and excel. - Amazon 5-star review It has been very easy to follow and will be perfect for anyone. - Amazon 5-star review A solid introduction to working with Excel and R. The writing is clear and informative, the book provides plenty of examples and figures so that each string of code in R or step in Excel is understood by the reader. - Goodreads, 4-star review

The Theory of Ecology (Paperback): Samuel M Scheiner, Michael R Willig The Theory of Ecology (Paperback)
Samuel M Scheiner, Michael R Willig
R890 R813 Discovery Miles 8 130 Save R77 (9%) Shipped within 7 - 12 working days

Despite claims to the contrary, the science of ecology has a long history of building theories. Many ecological theories are mathematical, computational, or statistical, though, and rarely have attempts been made to organize or extrapolate these models into broader theories. "The Theory of Ecology" brings together some of the most respected and creative theoretical ecologists of this era to advance a comprehensive, conceptual articulation of ecological theories. The contributors cover a wide range of topics, from ecological niche theory to population dynamic theory to island biogeography theory. Collectively, the chapters ably demonstrate how theory in ecology accounts for observations about the natural world and how models provide predictive understandings. It organizes these models into constitutive domains that highlight the strengths and weaknesses of ecological understanding. This book is a milestone in ecological theory and is certain to motivate future empirical and theoretical work in one of the most exciting and active domains of the life sciences.

Tierra F rtil: Desarrollando La Agroecolog a de Abajo Hacia Arriba (Paperback): Steve Brescia Tierra F rtil: Desarrollando La Agroecolog a de Abajo Hacia Arriba (Paperback)
Steve Brescia
R279 R229 Discovery Miles 2 290 Save R50 (18%) Shipped within 7 - 11 working days
The Ecological Thought (Paperback): Timothy Morton The Ecological Thought (Paperback)
Timothy Morton
R378 Discovery Miles 3 780 Shipped within 7 - 13 working days

In this passionate, lucid, and surprising book, Timothy Morton argues that all forms of life are connected in a vast, entangling mesh. This interconnectedness penetrates all dimensions of life. No being, construct, or object can exist independently from the ecological entanglement, Morton contends, nor does "Nature" exist as an entity separate from the uglier or more synthetic elements of life. Realizing this interconnectedness is what Morton calls the ecological thought. In three concise chapters, Morton investigates the profound philosophical, political, and aesthetic implications of the fact that all life forms are interconnected. As a work of environmental philosophy and theory, The Ecological Thought explores an emerging awareness of ecological reality in an age of global warming. Using Darwin and contemporary discoveries in life sciences as root texts, Morton describes a mesh of deeply interconnected life forms-intimate, strange, and lacking fixed identity. A "prequel" to his Ecology without Nature: Rethinking Environmental Aesthetics (Harvard, 2007), The Ecological Thought is an engaged and accessible work that will challenge the thinking of readers in disciplines ranging from critical theory to Romanticism to cultural geography.

Ecological Methods (Hardcover, 4th Edition): Peter A. Henderson, T.R.E. Southwood Ecological Methods (Hardcover, 4th Edition)
Peter A. Henderson, T.R.E. Southwood
R2,770 R1,956 Discovery Miles 19 560 Save R814 (29%) Shipped within 7 - 13 working days

4th edition of this classic Ecology text * Computational methods have largely been replaced by descriptions of the available software * Includes procedure information for R software and other freely available software systems * Now includes web references for equipment, software and detailed methodologies

Valuing Chaparral - Ecological, Socio-Economic, and Management Perspectives (Hardcover, 1st ed. 2018): Emma C. Underwood, Hugh... Valuing Chaparral - Ecological, Socio-Economic, and Management Perspectives (Hardcover, 1st ed. 2018)
Emma C. Underwood, Hugh D Safford, Nicole A. Molinari, Jon E. Keeley
R2,927 R2,610 Discovery Miles 26 100 Save R317 (11%) Shipped within 7 - 12 working days

Chaparral shrubland ecosystems are an iconic feature of the California landscape, and a highly biodiverse yet highly flammable backdrop to some of the fastest growing urban areas in the United States. Chaparral-type ecosystems are a common element of all of the world's Mediterranean-type climate regions - of which California is one - yet there is little public appreciation of the intrinsic value and the ecosystem services that these landscapes provide. Valuing Chaparral is a compendium of contributions from experts in chaparral ecology and management, with a focus on the human relationship with chaparral ecosystems. Chapters cover a wide variety of subjects, ranging from biodiversity to ecosystem services like water provision, erosion control, carbon sequestration and recreation; from the history of human interactions with chaparral to current education and conservation efforts; and from chaparral restoration and management to scenarios of the future under changing climate, land use, and human population. Valuing Chaparral will be of interest to resource managers, the research community, policy makers, and the public who live and work in the chaparral dominated landscapes of California and other Mediterranean-type climate regions.

Biodiversity of Angola - Science & Conservation: A Modern Synthesis (Hardcover, 1st ed. 2019): Brian J. Huntley, Vladimir... Biodiversity of Angola - Science & Conservation: A Modern Synthesis (Hardcover, 1st ed. 2019)
Brian J. Huntley, Vladimir Russo, Fernanda Lages, Nuno Ferrand
R1,168 R966 Discovery Miles 9 660 Save R202 (17%) Shipped within 7 - 12 working days

This open access multi-authored book presents a 'state of the science' synthesis of knowledge on the biodiversity of Angola, based on sources in peer-reviewed journals, in books and where appropriate, unpublished official reports. The book identifies Angola as one of the most biologically diverse countries in Africa, but notes that its fauna, flora, habitats and the processes that drive the dynamics of its ecosystems are still very poorly researched and documented. This 'state of the science' synthesis is for the use of all students of Angola's biodiversity, and for those responsible for the planning, development and sustainable management of the country's living resources. The volume brings together the results of expeditions and research undertaken in Angola since the late eighteenth century, with emphasis on work conducted in the four decades since Angola's independence in 1975. The individual chapters have been written by leaders in their fields, and reviewed by peers familiar with the region.

Essential Readings in Wildlife Management and Conservation (Hardcover, New): Paul R. Krausman, Bruce D Leopold Essential Readings in Wildlife Management and Conservation (Hardcover, New)
Paul R. Krausman, Bruce D Leopold
R980 R830 Discovery Miles 8 300 Save R150 (15%) Shipped within 7 - 13 working days

Prepared by two of the leading figures in wildlife biology, this book gathers in one volume the most influential articles published in the field. Paul R. Krausman and Bruce D. Leopold have collected the forty-two papers that every wildlife student should read. Each piece is introduced with a commentary that explains why it is important and a brief listing of papers that inspired or were inspired by the classic. Practical and conceptual topics consider every aspect of the wildlife profession, including ethics. Ideal for use as a textbook, "Essential Readings in Wildlife Management and Conservation" is divided into four sections: the philosophical roots of wildlife management, biology, habitat, and human dimensions.

Contains the classic publications of

K. T. Adair, R. A. Baer, L. C. Birch, W. H. Burt, L. H. Carpenter, G. Caughley, T. C. Chamberlin, E. L. Charnov, L. C. Chase, F. E. Clements, L. C. Cole, J. H. Connell, R. N. Conner, Z. J. Cornett, P. D. Dalke, D. J. Decker, L. R. Dice, J. G. Dickson, D. F. Doak, P. R. Ehrlich, R. Y. Edwards, C. S. Elton, P. L. Errington, D. Esler, C. D. Fowle, T. A. Gavin, V. Geist, M. Gilpin, H. A. Gleason, J. Grinnell, J. P. Hailman, G. Hardin, N. T. Hobbs, C. S. Holling, S. S. Hutchings, D. H. Johnson, S. R. Kellert, R. H. Klopfer, B. A. Knuth, C. C. Kreuger, A. Leopold, R. L. Lindeman, C. A. Loker, R. H. MacArthur, J. Macnab, S. P. Mahoney, G. F. Mattfield, D. R. McCullough, S. L. Mills, A. J. Nicholson, J. F. Organ, R. T. Paine, G. Parsons, M. E. Richmond, S. J. Riley, S. J. Schwager, V. E. Shelford, W. F. Siemer, D. S. Simberloff, M. E. Soule, G. Stewart, J. W. Thomas, B. Van Horne, S. C. Wecker, E. O. Wilson

Ecosystem Dynamics - From the Past to the Future (Paperback): Richard H. W. Bradshaw, Martin T. Sykes Ecosystem Dynamics - From the Past to the Future (Paperback)
Richard H. W. Bradshaw, Martin T. Sykes
R1,045 R755 Discovery Miles 7 550 Save R290 (28%) Shipped within 7 - 13 working days

Ecosystem Dynamics focuses on long-term terrestrial ecosystems and their changing relationships with human societies. The unique aspect of this text is the long-time scale under consideration as data and insights from the last 10,000 years are used to place present-day ecosystem status into a temporal perspective and to test models that generate forecasts of future conditions. Descriptions and assessments of some of the current modelling tools that are used, along with their uncertainties and assumptions, are an important feature of this book. An overarching theme explores the dynamic interactions between human societies and ecosystem functioning and services. This book is authoritative but accessible and provides a useful background for all students, practitioners, and researchers interested in the subject.

Soils, Ecosystem Processes, and Agricultural Development - Tropical Asia and Sub-Saharan Africa (Hardcover, 1st ed. 2017):... Soils, Ecosystem Processes, and Agricultural Development - Tropical Asia and Sub-Saharan Africa (Hardcover, 1st ed. 2017)
Shinya Funakawa
R3,750 R3,347 Discovery Miles 33 470 Save R403 (11%) Shipped within 7 - 12 working days

The main objective of this book is to integrate environmental knowledge observed in local agriculture, based on the understanding of soils science and ecology, and to propose possible technical solutions and a more integrated approach to tropical agriculture. The chapters describe and analyze the ecological and technical countermeasures available for mitigating environmental degradation due to the increasing agricultural activities by humans, based on our scientific understanding of traditional agriculture in the tropics. This is an effective approach, as such ecological and technical tools previously involved in traditional activities are expected to be easily incorporated into present agricultural systems. The book starts with a rather classical pedological issue and analyzed traditional agricultural practices with different resource management strategies in terms of their modification of natural biological processes. It focuses on the present situation of tropical agriculture; that is, resource utilization in modern agriculture after application of technical innovation (increased application of chemical fertilizers as well as agricultural chemicals). Here, possible technical approaches to resource management that reasonably support agricultural production whilst mitigating environmental degradation are discussed. The negative impacts of agricultural development on our environment are rapidly growing, yet we are increasingly dependent on the agricultural sector for food and energy. The situation is similar in the tropics, where subsistence agriculture with low input management has long comprised most agricultural systems. Comparison of ecological and/or agronomical studies between different continents are still rare; therefore, this analysis may help clarify what is an essential problem when considering technical transportation beyond continents and/or between temperate and tropical regions.

Cultivating Biodiversity - Understanding, analysing and using agricultural diversity (Paperback): Harold Brookfield Cultivating Biodiversity - Understanding, analysing and using agricultural diversity (Paperback)
Harold Brookfield
R576 R536 Discovery Miles 5 360 Save R40 (7%) Shipped within 7 - 12 working days

The United Nations University project on People, Land Management and Environmental Change (PLEC) has used the traditional skills of smallholder farmers -- for cultivating their crops, managing the soil, water and vegetation and maintaining their livelihoods in difficult circumstances - to produce this book. Arguably, these farmers have conserved and even created more biological diversity and more economically important species than all protected areas combined.The book draws on the experience of demonstration sites that are the farmers' own enterprises, combining superior production along with enhancement of biological diversity. It is based on work in 12 countries with more than 200 collaborating scientists and about 2500 collaborating farmers, showing how its authors perceive and quantitatively analyze agrodiversity, and how they work together with farmers.This book will be of interest to all concerned with sustainable development, global change issues and participatory approaches to conservation with rural people.Published in collaboration with the United Nations University

The Biosphere and Civilization: In the Throes of a Global Crisis (Hardcover, 1st ed. 2018): Victor I. Danilov-Danil'yan,... The Biosphere and Civilization: In the Throes of a Global Crisis (Hardcover, 1st ed. 2018)
Victor I. Danilov-Danil'yan, Igor E. Reyf
R2,219 R2,010 Discovery Miles 20 100 Save R209 (9%) Shipped within 7 - 12 working days

This monograph explores the dire ecological, social, and economic situations facing mankind through comprehensive analyses of global ecological issues, poverty, environmental stability and regulation, and sustainable development. Drs. Victor Danilov-Danil'yan and Igor Reyf discuss the development of ecology as a science, the increasing concern among scientists and public servants for the unsustainability of current economic and demographic trends, and the dire consequences our planet and civilization are already suffering as a result of the ongoing environmental and social crisis. They also address the philosophical implications of the crisis, and suggest possible solutions. The book conveys complex objects of study, namely the biosphere and the harmful anthropogenic processes it has been experiencing for decades, so that the work is accessible without omitting key components of the subject matter. Readers will learn about the social and economic contributors to a threatened biosphere, the mechanisms that maintain the stability of the global environment, and the scales at which sustainable development and preservation can be applied to initiate environmental regulation. Though intended to appeal to the general public and non-specialists, environmental researchers, organizations involved in sustainable development and conservation, and students engaged in ecology, environment, and sustainability studies will also find this book of interest.

Natural Dam Lake Cuejdel in the Stanisoarei Mountains, Eastern Carpathians - A Limnogeographical Study (Hardcover, 1st ed.... Natural Dam Lake Cuejdel in the Stanisoarei Mountains, Eastern Carpathians - A Limnogeographical Study (Hardcover, 1st ed. 2018)
Alin Mihu-Pintilie
R2,149 R1,923 Discovery Miles 19 230 Save R226 (11%) Shipped within 7 - 12 working days

This book presents an interdisciplinary study of Lake Cuejdel, one of the youngest natural dam lakes in Romania. Even though the overall study has a strong geographical approach, it also includes limnological and hydrological studies. The lake was formed in two phases: Initially a small lake appeared in 1978, and then in 1991 a major landslide occurred that blocked the Cuejdel brook and a larger lake was formed. The book covers various topics, including the lacustrine basin, the geological setting, analyses of the physical-chemical parameters, water dynamics, flora and fauna and lake management. This book is of interest for those working in freshwater science and ecology, physical geography, hydrology and limnology. .

Enclosed Experimental Ecosystems and Scale - Tools for Understanding and Managing Coastal Ecosystems (Paperback, 2009 ed.):... Enclosed Experimental Ecosystems and Scale - Tools for Understanding and Managing Coastal Ecosystems (Paperback, 2009 ed.)
John E. Petersen, Victor S. Kennedy, William C. Dennison, W.Michael Kemp
R1,559 R1,209 Discovery Miles 12 090 Save R350 (22%) Shipped within 7 - 12 working days

Enclosed ecosystem experiments have gained in popularity as research tools in ecological science, particularly in the study of coastal aquatic environments. These systems provide scientists with a degree of experimental control that is not achievable through field experiments. Yet to date, techniques for systematically extrapolating results from small-scale experimental ecosystems to larger, deeper, more open, more biologically diverse, and more heterogeneous ecosystems in nature have not been well developed. Likewise, researchers have lacked methods for comparing and extrapolating information among natural ecosystems that differ in scale.

Enclosed Experimental Ecosystems and Scale: Tools for Understanding and Managing Coastal Ecosystems provides scientists, managers, and policy makers with an introduction to what has been termed the "problem of scale," and presents information that will allow for improved design and interpretation of enclosed experimental aquatic ecosystems. The book integrates the results of a 10-year research project involving a multi-disciplinary team of scientists and students to explore scale-related questions in a variety of coastal habitats. Anticipating use as a reference, the book has been designed so that individual sections and individual pages can function as stand alone units.

Experimental ecosystems represent a potentially powerful tool for testing and expanding our understanding of the mechanisms that drive ecological dynamics in the coastal zone. The information contained within the pages of this book is intended to help practitioners make the most of this promising approach to ecological research.

Introduction to the Theory of Complex Systems (Hardcover): Stefan Thurner, Rudolf Hanel, Peter Klimek Introduction to the Theory of Complex Systems (Hardcover)
Stefan Thurner, Rudolf Hanel, Peter Klimek
R1,158 Discovery Miles 11 580 Shipped within 7 - 12 working days

This book is a comprehensive introduction to quantitative approaches to complex adaptive systems. Practically all areas of life on this planet are constantly confronted with complex systems, be it ecosystems, societies, traffic, financial markets, opinion formation and spreading, or the internet and social media. Complex systems are systems composed of many elements that interact strongly with each other, which makes them extremely rich dynamical systems showing a huge range of phenomena. Properties of complex systems that are of particular importance are their efficiency, robustness, resilience, and proneness to collapse. The quantitative tools and concepts needed to understand the co-evolutionary nature of networked systems and their properties are challenging. The book gives a self-contained introduction to these concepts, so that the reader will be equipped with a toolset that allows them to engage in the science of complex systems. Topics covered include random processes of path-dependent processes, co-evolutionary dynamics, dynamics of networks, the theory of scaling, and approaches from statistical mechanics and information theory. The book extends beyond the early classical literature in the field of complex systems and summarizes the methodological progress made over the past 20 years in a clear, structured, and comprehensive way.

Metabolic Ecology - A Scaling Approach (Hardcover): Richard M. Sibly, James H. Brown, Astrid Kodric-Brown Metabolic Ecology - A Scaling Approach (Hardcover)
Richard M. Sibly, James H. Brown, Astrid Kodric-Brown
R2,499 R1,764 Discovery Miles 17 640 Save R735 (29%) Shipped within 7 - 13 working days

One of the first textbooks in this emerging important field of ecology.Most of ecology is about metabolism: the ways that organisms use energy and materials. The energy requirements of individuals - their metabolic rates - vary predictably with their body size and temperature. Ecological interactions are exchanges of energy and materials between organisms and their environments. So metabolic rate affects ecological processes at all levels: individuals, populations, communities and ecosystems. Each chapter focuses on a different process, level of organization, or kind of organism. It lays a conceptual foundation and presents empirical examples. Together, the chapters provide an integrated framework that holds the promise for a unified theory of ecology.

The book is intended to be accessible to upper-level undergraduate, and graduate students, but also of interest to senior scientists. Its easy-to-read chapters and clear illustrations can be used in lecture and seminar courses. Together they make for an authoritative treatment that will inspire future generations to study metabolic ecology.

Tropical Forest Conservation and Industry Partnership - An Experience from the Congo Basin (Hardcover): Connie J. Clark, John... Tropical Forest Conservation and Industry Partnership - An Experience from the Congo Basin (Hardcover)
Connie J. Clark, John R. Poulsen
R2,141 R1,510 Discovery Miles 15 100 Save R631 (29%) Shipped within 7 - 13 working days

Historically, the conservation of forests and wildlife has focused on the creation of national parks and reserves. However, only 9% of protected areas are larger than 14,000 hectares, likely making them too small to conserve ecosystem services and prevent loss of wide-ranging keystone species such as elephant and leopard. New approaches are needed that extend conservation beyond protected area boundaries into areas where economic considerations prevail.

The book describes one such emerging model of conservation: the integration of the private sector into partnerships to protect biodiversity and improve forest management. While such partnerships are being created in nearly every sector of resource extraction, detailed analyses of how such partnerships work and whether they benefit biodiversity conservation are rare. Using a case study from the Congo Basin, the book examines principles of conservation and partnership, and provides technical and methodological details to replicate an innovative conservation model. It presents concrete solutions for expanding conservation across multi-use landscapes, a necessary action as industry expands to all the corners of the globe.

Bioeconomy - Shaping the Transition to a Sustainable, Biobased Economy (Hardcover, 1st ed. 2018): Iris Lewandowski Bioeconomy - Shaping the Transition to a Sustainable, Biobased Economy (Hardcover, 1st ed. 2018)
Iris Lewandowski
R1,146 R945 Discovery Miles 9 450 Save R201 (18%) Shipped within 7 - 12 working days

This book is open access under a CC BY 4.0 license. This book defines the new field of "Bioeconomy" as the sustainable and innovative use of biomass and biological knowledge to provide food, feed, industrial products, bioenergy and ecological services. The chapters highlight the importance of bioeconomy-related concepts in public, scientific, and political discourse. Using an interdisciplinary approach, the authors outline the dimensions of the bioeconomy as a means of achieving sustainability. The authors are ideally situated to elaborate on the diverse aspects of the bioeconomy. They have acquired in-depth experience of interdisciplinary research through the university's focus on "Bioeconomy", its contribution to the Bioeconomy Research Program of the federal state of Baden-Wurttemberg, and its participation in the German Bioeconomy Council. With the number of bioeconomy-related projects at European universities rising, this book will provide graduate students and researchers with background information on the bioeconomy. It will familiarize scientific readers with bioeconomy-related terms and give scientific background for economists, agronomists and natural scientists alike.

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Daniel R. Brooks, Eric P Hoberg, … Paperback R690 R637 Discovery Miles 6 370
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Frank H. Goodyear, Charles R. Preston Hardcover R968 Discovery Miles 9 680
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Arthur N. Popper, Anthony Hawkins Hardcover R7,891 R6,508 Discovery Miles 65 080
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Michael Begon, Colin R. Townsend, … Paperback R1,129 R1,029 Discovery Miles 10 290
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