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At La Capilla de Santa Maria, parishioners weatherized their church in an effort to decrease the utility bills that took up a fifth of the annual budget. At Jubilee Community Church, parents and the education coordinator revised the Sunday School curriculum to integrate care of creation for all age levels. And at All People's Church in Milwaukee, the sanctuary became a free farmer's market on Sundays with produce grown by youth. Natural Saints shares the stories and strategies of contemporary church leaders, parishioners, and religious environmentalists working to define a new environmental movement, where justice as a priority for the church means a clean and safe environment for all. Mallory McDuff shows that a focus on God's earth is transforming both people and congregations, creating more relevant and powerful ministries . As a result, people of faith are forming a new environmental movement with a moral mandate to care for God's earth. McDuff highlights eight key ministries: protecting human dignity, feeding the hungry, creating sacred spaces, responding to natural disasters, promoting justice, making a pilgrimage, educating youth, and bearing witness. With two daughters in tow, she traveled across the country to document environmental actions grounded in faith. This journey transformed the author's own faith and hope for a sustainable future. Congregations and individuals seeking to integrate care of creation into their faith community will find inspiration and concrete advice in the lives of these natural saints.
Maps of species' distributions or habitat suitability are required for many aspects of environmental research, resource management and conservation planning. These include biodiversity assessment, reserve design, habitat management and restoration, species and habitat conservation plans and predicting the effects of environmental change on species and ecosystems. The proliferation of methods and uncertainty regarding their effectiveness can be daunting to researchers, resource managers and conservation planners alike. Franklin summarises the methods used in species distribution modeling (also called niche modeling) and presents a framework for spatial prediction of species distributions based on the attributes (space, time, scale) of the data and questions being asked. The framework links theoretical ecological models of species distributions to spatial data on species and environment, and statistical models used for spatial prediction. Providing practical guidelines to students, researchers and practitioners in a broad range of environmental sciences including ecology, geography, conservation biology, and natural resources management.
The Long-Term Ecological Research (LTER) Program is, in a sense, an experiment to transform the nature of science, and represents one of the most effective mechanisms for catalyzing comprehensive site-based research that is collaborative, multidisciplinary, and long-term in nature. The scientific contributions of the Program are prodigious, but the broader impacts of participation have not been examined in a formal way. This book captures the consequences of participation in the Program on the perspectives, attitudes, and practices of environmental scientists. The edited volume comprises three sections. The first section includes two chapters that provide an overview of the history, goals, mission, and inner workings of the LTER network of sites. The second section comprises three dozen retrospective essays by scientists, data managers or educators who represent a broad spectrum of LTER sites from deserts to tropical forests and from arctic to marine ecosystems. Each essay addresses the same series of probing questions to uncover the extent to which participation has affected the ways that scientists conduct research, educate students, or provide outreach to the public. The final section encompasses 5 chapters, whose authors are biophysical scientists, historians, behavioral scientists, or social scientists. This section analyzes, integrates, or synthesizes the content of the previous chapters from multiple perspectives and uncovers emergent themes and future directions.
"The Environmental Moment" is a collection of documents that reveal the significance of the years 1968-1972 to the environmental movement in the United States. With material ranging from short pieces from the Whole Earth Catalog and articles from the "Village Voice" to lectures, posters, and government documents, the collection describes the period through the perspective of a diversity of participants, including activists, politicians, scientists, and average citizens. Included are the words of Rachel Carson, but also the National Review, Howard Zahniser on wilderness, Nathan Hare on the Black underclass. The chronological arrangement reveals the coincidence of a multitude of issues that rushed into public consciousness during a critical time in American history.
"A fascinating collection of some of the most compelling arguments in the late 1960s and early 1970s about the environmental crisis. It makes clever use of images, cartoons, PSAs, letters, and testimony." -Char Miller, author of "Gifford Pinchot and the Making of Modern Environmentalism "
"Concentrating on a period of upheaval and change, years when environmentalism developed as part of larger social and cultural currents, "The Environmental Moment" gives students an in-depth look at environmentalism emerging, affecting, and being shaped by other interests in American society and the economy." -Thomas R. Dunlap, editor of "DDT, Silent Spring, and the Rise of Environmentalism "
""The Environmental Moment" is lively and eclectic and does an impressive job of combining classic documents with less well-known ones to get readers thinking about this seemingly familiar topic in unfamiliar ways." -from the Foreword by William Cronon
David Stradling is professor of history at the University of Cincinnati. He is the author of "Making Mountains: New York City and the Catskills" and "The Nature of New York: An Environmental History of the Empire State" and editor of "Conservation in the Progressive Era. "
400 5 by 7 flash cards containing the same content as the Command Flash Cards. The Student Flash Cards are designed to be used in small group settings in the classroom or by individual students who wish to practice their new vocabulary at home.
In the face of our receding connection to nature and the loss of our direct experience of the world, this book proposes a different kind of environmentalism. It argues that we must restore our link with the 'more-than-human' world, bringing wilderness, animals, and the Earth closer to individuals and into daily life.
Although concern for green issues is now widespread in architecture
as well as elsewhere, there is little the architect, or the general
reader, can turn to in order to help put into context the various
attempts now being made to design in green ways.
The book is in six parts, comprising twenty chapters grouped chronologically and thematically. In many of these the house is used as a focus for discussion. The book as a whole is a history of modern architecture as seen from a green standpoint. The last chapters look at the variety of green directions at present being pursued and discuss the advantages and disadvantages of the options available technically, as well as what green architecture looks like compared to the modern and other buildings of the present and past.
Green Shift provides an alternative reading of the development
of modern architecture
Central to understanding why environmental problems are so difficult to "solve" is the recognition that the structures and processes of modern life, and the structures and processes which cause environmental problems, are identical. The increasing domination of the world by the globalizing forces of privatization, deregulation, and free trade pose a direct challenge to cultural diversity and biodiversity.
In response to this increasingly unbridled economic agenda, conservation strategies over the last two decades have evolved from scientific, technical concerns to a consideration of broader social and political issues associated with the causes of environmental problems.
Drawing upon his analysis of the failures of conservation set out in Nature and the Crisis of Modernity and The Oceans Are Emptying: Fish Wars and Sustainability, Rogers presents an activist response to environmental concerns.
He argues that these increasingly ambitious multi-stakeholder, round table conservation agendas (although they recognize the increasing complexity of environmental problems) have failed to deal with these problems because they do not challenge the economic interests that benefit from the increasingly global level playing field. Because there is an aggressive agenda which currently promotes overexploitation, any conservation initiative which hopes to be successful has to begin by resisting these forces. Not only will it be necessary to "resolve issues", we may, in fact have to "solve history" in order to deal with environmental problems.
At every level of government, environmental regulation is under siege. In Washington, it has been attacked first through the "New Federalism" and now through the "Contract with America." Outside the capital, environmental regulation is the subject of controversy as state and local officials struggle with new responsibilities, threats of industry exit, and challenges from grassroots groups. This book addresses the conundrum of regulation by tracing its source to the competing characterizations of regulatory legitimacy that have accompanied the growth of the American state. Bruce Williams and Albert Matheny identify three distinct languages-managerial, pluralist, and communitarian-used to articulate competing visions of regulation. They argue that each language posits a different understanding of the public interest and therefore a different relationship between the state, the market, and the public. Because all three languages are invoked in regulatory debates, disputants talk past one another, leaving fundamental issues of legitimacy and democracy unresolved or masked by unexamined assumptions. The authors propose a dialogic model for analyzing regulatory policymaking, drawing on postmodernist theory that claims that establishing single languages for understanding the world inevitably distorts communication. They then apply their analysis to case studies of actual environmental disputes over hazardous waste regulation in the 1980s and 1990s in New Jersey, Ohio, and Florida.
The Way of Compassion collects the inspiring, thoughtful, and eminently practical wisdom of contemporary thinkers and activists from all walks of life, working to maintain sustainable lifestyles, practice nonviolence in all its forms and create a deeper spiritual appreciation of our place in the world.
Brenda Hean, a dentist's wife, was a part of the Hobart establishment. She made a very unlikely environmental activist - but Lake Pedder was one of those very special places. She and a collection of like-minded people took it upon themselves to save the mountain wilderness lake from inundation to form a dam for the Hydro Electric Commission, and in the process founded the first Green political party in the world. In September 1972, Brenda Hean left Hobart in a tiger moth aircraft being piloted by Max Price. They were flying to Canberra to write 'Save Lake Pedder' across the sky above the Parliament House and to meet with government officials in an attempt to gain federal political support for their campaign. The plane was sighted several times as it made its way across the island but it never reached its destination. Neither the plane nor its passengers were ever seen again. Thirty-five years of conspiracy theories have surrounded the intriguing story, but in 2003 a secret source gave celebrated documentary film maker Scott Millwood a package, with the advice USE THIS FOR GOOD. In it were the police files detailing the investigation of the case. Scott Millwood has made a documentary based on his attempts to uncover the truth while eye witnesses are still alive. This is the book of that film.
This text on the emergence of green parties across Europe, focuses on the political nature of this movement, its roots and branches, the changing political order, and the problems associated with this change.
Does the EPA comply with the basic principles embodied in the phrase the rule of law. James DeLong says they do not. This book should frighten all who believe in the democratic process.
The Canadian Environmental Resource Guide is Canada's most complete reference of environmental associations and organizations, government regulators and purchasing groups, product and service companies and special libraries.
The prevailing view of nature has begun to move away from a traditionally Western humans-apart-from-nature attitude toward one that sees humans as a part of nature. Don E. Marietta describes these changes and what he perceives as a philosophical shift toward new holistic models of environmental ethics. He supports a critical holism that stresses the moral importance of the interrelationship of human beings, animals, plants, and non-living things in their common dependence on the ecosphere. Considering that this humanistic approach to ethics recognizes a shared responsibility to the whole system of nature, Marietta explores the apparent conflict between environmental holism and the interests of individuals, incorporating the perspectives of ecofeminism, anthropocentrism, contextualism, and pluralism. This approach produces an ecologically enlightened position that calls for a commitment to protecting planet Earth, while recognizing that "even though it may not be easy or simple, we can live according to a humanistic and holistic ethic, one which seeks the good for people and for the planet." Author note: Don E. Marietta, Jr. is Adelaide R. Snyder Distinguished Professor of Ethics and Professor of Philosophy at Florida Atlantic University.
The Greens have been not only a political force and social conscience for Germany before reunification and after but also an inspiration to political groups and movements in many other countries. The Greens have raised the issues of ecology, gender, and grassroots democracy in protest against government. They have also had the rare opportunity to try converting themselves into a political party that works within the system. This is a book about their paradoxical situation and about the dilemmas all advocates of change face when they become powerful enough to negotiate with the status quo. The critical essays by German social scientists and activists also provide a detailed picture of the dynamics of the German Greens -- where their support has come from, the nature of the competing factions, and the place of feminism. The editors provide a substantial introduction. The flavor and texture of the Greens -- including their raucous public arguments and their innovative campaign tactics -- are suggested by the political posters included in the book and by a whole section of primary documents. The documents and the essays (except for one originally written in English) have been translated from the German. The result is to make available to English-speaking readers a view of a complex movement whose very name and color have become synonymous with social action in favor of the environment and the empowerment of people.
The central concern of this study is to examine why people choose
to join campaigning groups, such as Friends of the Earth or
Amnesty, in preference to political parties. Particular emphasis,
however, is given to environmental campaign groups. Environmental
issues gained increasing political importance in the 1980s, and the
environment is subsequently mentioned in almost every policy
development. There is now a high level of public interest in dozens
of environmental pressure groups. In this new study of two of the
best known campaigning groups Grant Jordan and William Maloney ask:
why do people choose to join Friends of the Earth or Amnesty
International? Who joins? How are they targeted? Why do some leave?
Drawing on mainly British and American sources, the authors discuss
the significance of the two groups for democracy, and comment on
the current commitment of the public to campaigning.
In this marriage of memoir and manifesto, Elizabeth May reflects on her extraordinary life and the people and experiences that have formed her and informed her beliefs about democracy, climate change, and other crucial issues facing Canadians. The book traces her development from child activist who warned other children not to eat snow because it contained Strontium 90 to waitress and cook on Cape Breton Island to law student, lawyer, and environmentalist and finally to leader of the Green Party and first elected Green Party Member of Parliament.As a result of these disparate experiences, May has come to believe that Canada must strengthen its weakened democracy, return to its role as a world leader, develop a green economy, and take drastic action to address climate change. The book also sets out how these goals might be accomplished, incorporating the thoughts of such leaders and thinkers as Rachel Carson, Jim MacNeill, Joe Clark, Chris Turner, Andrew Nikiforuk, and Robert F. Kennedy. The result is a fascinating portrait of a remarkable woman and an urgent call to action.
In his monumental bestsellers, "The Closing Circle" and "Science and Survival," Barry Commoner was one of the first scientists to alert us to the hideous environmental costs of our technological development. Now, twenty years later, Commoner reviews the vast efforts made in the public and private spheres to address and control the damage done and shows us why, despite billions of dollars spent to save the environment, we now find ourselves in an even deeper crisis. It is a book of hard facts and figures whose conclusion--that environmental pollution can be prevented only through fundamental redesign of the way we produce goods--demands basic changes all across America, from the highest offices in Washington, D.C., to your own kitchen garbage can.
If, in the sixties and seventies, an eco-revolution seemed afoot, Commoner now documents how short we have fallen. Attempts to reshape consumer patterns have been halfhearted, there have been terrible miscalculations in government policy (and in environmental organization strategies), and we still face the deliberate resistance of private industry to change.
Despite these problems, Commoner argues convincingly for the key role still to be played by community organizations in scrutinizing and directing environmental action.
Translating technical information into digestible form, Commoner takes us step by step through an EPA "environmental impact" review, breaks down the arguments for and against incineration, explains dioxin, Bhopal, auto emission controls, mercury poisoning, the greenhouse effect, and the Byzantine calculation of "acceptable risk"--in ways that show how each of these factors affects all of us.
With a new introduction by the author, "Making Peace with the
Planet" makes a clear and impassioned plea for us to stop wasting
money and precious nonrenewable resources, including time.
New Threats to Freedom
In the twentieth century, free people faced a number of mortal
threats, ranging from despotism, fascism,
In New Threats to Freedom, editor and author Adam Bellow has assembled an all-star lineup of innovative thinkers to challenge these insidious new threats. Some leap into already raging debates on issues such as Sharia law in the West, the rise of transnationalism, and the regulatory state. Others turn their attention to less obvious threats, such as the dogma of fairness, the failed promises of the blogosphere, and the triumph of behavioral psychology.
These threats are very real and very urgent, yet this collection avoids projecting an air of doom and gloom. Rather, it provides a blueprint for intellectual resistance so that modern defenders of liberty may better understand their enemies, more effectively fight to preserve the meaning of freedom, and more surely carry its light to a new generation.
What are the new threats to freedom?
when has authority not claimed, when imposing trammels and curbs on liberty, that it does so for a wider good and a greater happiness?OCO OCoChristopher Hitchens
OC The regulatory state amounts to a regressive tax that
penalizes small independent producers and protects
OC Europe tends to favor stability over democracy, America democracy over stability.OCO OCoDaniel Hannan
OC The value of free expression is perceived to be at odds with goals that were considered OCymore important, OCO like inclusiveness, diversity, nondiscrimination, and tolerance.OCO OCoGreg Lukianoff
OC The masses cannot ultimately be free: only the individual can be.OCO OCoRobert D. Kaplan
OC That old bugbear of postwar sociologyOCothe mob-selfOCois now a reality. In a participatory/popularity culture, the freedom to think and act for ourselves becomes harder and harder to achieve.OCO OCoLee Siegel
OC As traditional marriage declines, the ranks of single women are growing, and increasingly these women are substituting the security of a husband with the security of the state.OCO OCoJessica Gavora
OC Ending the freedom to fail is a mean-spirited attack on the freedom to succeed.OCO OCoMichael Goodwin
OC The only solution to the new threats to American press freedom lies in organized resistance.OCO OCoKatherine Mangu-Ward
OC The new behaviorism isnOCOt interested in protecting peopleOCOs freedom to choose; on the contrary, its core principle is the idea that only by allowing an expert elite to limit choice can individuals learn to break their bad habits.OCO OCoChristine Rosen
OC ThereOCOs a world of Travis Bickles out there, and theyOCOre not driving cabs. TheyOCOre reading blogs.OCO OCoRon Rosenbaum
OC The first amendment ensures not that speech will be fair, but that it will be free. It cannot be both.OCO OCoDavid Mamet
Join the conversation about these issues at www.newthreatstofreedom.com
At the end of the 1970s, one young reporter bears witness to the final days of Australia's whaling industry. Thirty years after the last whale was captured and slaughtered in Australia, this incisive account tells the very human story of the characters and events that brought whaling to an end. This fair and balanced account portrays the raw adventure of going to sea, the perils of being a whaler, and the commitment that leads activists to throw themselves into the path of an explosive harpoon. Accompanied by a wonderful photographic record of the time, this is the action-packed history of a town reliant on whaling dollars pitted against a determined band of protesters.
Tasmania's old-growth forests, its wild, untamed rivers and its remote, rugged mountain peaks are etched in the minds of most Australians but these wilderness areas have been the focus of bitter conflict between government, big business and environmentalists for the past 30 years. Although told mostly from an environmentalist's point of view, this book is a factual record of events. Beginning in the 1970s with the flooding of Lake Pedder, it takes the reader through the heady days of the Franklin River blockade and the more recent battles for Tasmania's old-growth forests, culminating with the controversial proposal for the Gunns pulp mill in the Tamar Valley. Unfolding events reveal something of how politics is done in the island state and why a climate of suspicion and mistrust persists among the various interest groups. These battles also have had ramifications for the whole of Australia. They have played a defining part in the shaping of the Green party as well as The Wilderness Society and The Australian Conservation Foundation. Never before has Tasmania been examined through the prism of conflicting values over wilderness. This approach shows what influence this single issue has had upon Tasmania's recent history.
How does environmentalism square with traditions regarding security? This book offers a political sociology of the emergence and proliferation of ecoterrorism. The question posed here is not what should be done about the problem of individuals or groups who come to use violent means in support of their pro-environmental beliefs, but rather what is likely to be done given the nature of the ideological battleground and the available countering methods. Ecoterrorism is presented as an instance of tactics from the point-of-view of social movement theory (SMT), and as a problem for social and political ordering from the point-of-view of critical security studies.
Conservation has, over the last couple of decades, coalesced around the language of `community-engagement'. Models that seemed to prop up conservation areas as those emptied of human presence are cracking under their own weight. This book grounds our understanding of people-forest relationships through the lens of Indigenous Knowledge Systems (IKS) in the Nyandarwa (Aberdare) forest reserve in Kenya, home to the Agikuyu people. It confronts the history of land dispossession in Kenya, demonstrates that land continues to be a central pillar of Agikuyu indigenous environmental thought, and cements the role of the forest in sustaining the struggle for independence. It also shines a light on seed and food sovereignty as arenas of knowledge mobilization and self-determination. The book concludes by showing how IKS can contribute to forging sustainable people-forest relationships.
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