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This pioneering, course-tested text is the first to combine communications theory with the physics of optical communications. Comprehensive and rigorous, it brings together an in-depth treatment of the physical characteristics of the guided lightwave channel with the study of modern methods of algorithmic-based communication in time and space. The many different levels at which a lightwave communication signal can be described are integrated to provide a unified explanation of how a commonplace bit stream is transformed into a physical lightwave, how that lightwave travels through an optical fiber, and how it is then transformed back into the bit stream. Background fundamentals such as linear systems and electromagnetics are explained in relation to modern topics such as channel models, encoding, modulation and interference, and end-of-chapter problems are provided throughout. This is an essential text for students taking courses on optical communications, as well as researchers and professionals working in the area.
This book presents a comprehensive introduction to the design of compact and broadband fiber and waveguide devices using active-ion-doped photonic glasses. Combining cutting-edge theory with new applications, it shows how the complementarity of emission spectra of different active ions can be used in broadband fiber amplifiers and optical fiber communication, and describes how the quantum cutting of active ions can improve the match between the solar spectrum and the responsiveness of silicon cells. Mathematical modeling is used to predict the performance of photonic fiber and waveguide devices, and experimental data from glass doped with rare-earth ions is included. Offering unique insights into the state-of-the-art of the field, this is an ideal reference for researchers and practitioners, and invaluable reading for students in optoelectronics, electrical engineering, and materials science.
Optoelectronics and Optical Fiber Sensors is a comprehensive and well-organised book that covers wide aspects of optoelectronic processes, optoelectronic devices, mostly used optical fibres and optical fibre sensor systems including maximum technical discussions. The text highlights details of design, material selection and working processes as well as the limitations of various optoelectronic devices and fibre-optic sensor systems. Throughout the book, an attempt has been made to cover every important point related to this subject from the fundamental concepts to the recent advancements as well as the future scope of the technical development in this exciting field. Primarily designed for a course of optoelectronics/optoelectronics and fibre optics/optical fibre sensor at both undergraduate and postgraduate levels in electrical and electronics engineering, electronics and communication engineering, electronics and instrumentation engineering and applied physics, it would also be appreciated by practising engineers and scientists who want up-to-date information on the latest developments in this field. Key Features Provides an enormous amount of information regarding optical interactions, processes, devices and various other related topics Includes an in-depth presentation of important derivations Incorporates a considerable number of worked-out numericals Includes many pedagogical features such as chapterwise summary, exercises including probable problems and question bank and relevant references
Discusses the essential principles, operating characteristics, and cur rent technology of the main fiber laser and amplifier devices based on rare-earth-doped silica and fluorozirconate fibers. Describes the pri nciples, designs, and properties of the erbium-doped fiber amplifier a nd its role as the cornerstone component in optical communication syst ems. Second Edition contains more than 75% new or revised materials re flecting major developments in academia and industry.
Publisher's Note: Products purchased from Third Party sellers are not guaranteed by the publisher for quality, authenticity, or access to any online entitlements included with the product. A complete guide to optical waveguide modesThis in-depth work explains how transverse optical waveguide geometry influences field distribution and polarization properties. You will gain a thorough understanding of the fundamental physics of mode structure. Optical Waveguide Modes covers single- and few-mode optical waveguides with an emphasis on single-core and multicore optical fibers and couplers, including a large range of geometries and anisotropies. Analysis is performed using extensions of the weak-guidance perturbation formalism together with elementary group representation theory. This definitive volume offers a detailed introduction to and classification of diverse forms of fundamental and higher-order modes and various polarization manifestations. Coverage includes: Electromagnetic theory for anisotropic media Weak guidance for longitudinally invariant fibers Circular isotropic longitudinally invariant fibers Azimuthal symmetry breaking Birefringence: linear, radial, and circular Multicore and multifiber couplers
The optical fiber based supercontinuum source has recently become a significant scientific and commercial success, with applications ranging from frequency comb production to advanced medical imaging. This one-of-a-kind book explains the theory of fiber supercontinuum broadening, describes the diverse operational regimes and indicates principal areas of applications, making it a very important guide for researchers and graduate students. With contributions from major figures and groups who have pioneered research in this field, the book describes the historical development of the subject, provides a background to the associated nonlinear optical processes, treats the generation mechanisms from continuous wave to femtosecond pulse pump regimes and highlights the diverse applications. A full discussion of numerical methods and comprehensive computer code are also provided, enabling readers to confidently predict and model supercontinuum generation characteristics under realistic conditions.
The Centre for Smart Infrastructure aims to develop and commercialise emerging technologies which will provide radical changes in the construction and management of infrastructure, leading to considerably enhanced efficiencies, economies and adaptability. This book offers comprehensive guidance on developments of distributed optical fibre sensing. Smart monitoring for performance-based design is increasingly being recognised as an essential tool for improving construction processes, delivering efficiency and reducing over specification. On the other hand, the high level of maintenance required to preserve our ageing infrastructure and run it at full capacity has created a demand for structural health monitoring or performance-based maintenance.
Introduction to Laser Science and Engineering provides a modern resource for a first course in lasers for both students and professionals. Starting from simple descriptions, this text builds upon them to give a detailed modern physical understanding of the concepts behind light, optical beams and lasers. The coverage starts with the nature of light and the principles of photon absorption and transmission, leading to the amplified and stimulated emission principals governing lasers. The specifics of lasers and their application, safe use and future prospects are then covered, with a wealth of illustrations to provide readers with a visual sense of optical and laser principles.
Pass the FOI exam with a strong foundation in fiber optic technology Fiber Optics Installer (FOI) Certification Exam Guide gives you a solid foundation in fiber optics and thorough preparation for the Fiber Optics Installer (FOI) certification. Endorsed by the Electronics Technicians Association, International, this guide serves as both a comprehensive self-study course and a useful desk reference for aspiring fiber optics installers. Coverage includes the basic principles of light, optical fiber construction, safety, fusion, mechanical splicing, connectors, fiber-optic light sources, transmitters, detectors, test equipment, and more. Each chapter meets or exceeds the ETA FOI knowledge competency, with key exam information highlighted for easy reference. Real-world scenarios illustrate how particular solutions are applied in common working environments, giving you a clear understanding of to use the tactics in the field. Chapter exercises and review questions offer plenty of opportunity for practice. This book helps you prepare for certification, and more importantly, the everyday work the job entails. Determine how much you already know with a pre-study assessment Find key exam information and terms quickly with chapter-by-chapter objectives Study real-world scenarios to understand how concepts are applied Pinpoint weak areas with practice and review questions that test your knowledge If you are seeking a strong knowledge base -- and complete exam prep -- you will find Fiber Optics Installer (FOI) Certification Exam Guide to be a critically useful reference.
Primarily intended as a textbook for undergraduate courses in electrical, electronics and telecommunication engineering, this compact and student-friendly book presents comprehensive coverage of optical communication.Organised in 15 chapters, the text explains the concepts of semiconductors and optical fibres. It discusses in detail optical fibre loss, the mathematical analysis of optical fibre operation, optical sources, and optical detectors. The book also clearly explains the basic principles of optical communication systems and gives a clear insight into transmitters and receivers, the design of optical communication systems, opto-digital transmission systems, voice transmission through fibre optic communication, video transmission over fibre optic links, and optical networks.Key Features:Solved problems that illustrate the application of theory and reinforce the concepts.Concepts are explained with block diagrams that highlight the most significant aspects for better understanding.Numerous objective-type questions are provided.
Beginning with an overview of historical development, the electromagnetic spectrum, and optical power basics, this book offers an in-depth discussion of optic receivers, optical transmitters and amplifiers. The text discusses attenuation, transmission losses, optical sources such as semiconductor light emitting diodes, and lasers, providing several dispersion-management schemes that restore the amplified signal to its original state. Topics are discussed in a structured manner, with definitions, explanations, examples, illustrations, and informative facts. Extensive pedagogical features, such as numerical problems, review questions, multiple choice questions, and student-focussed learning objectives, are also provided. Mathematical derivations and geometrical representations are included where necessary. This text will be useful for undergraduate and graduate students of electronics, communication engineering, and optical fiber communications.
Now in its second edition, this textbook offers an up-to-date and in-depth introduction to the principles and applications of optoelectronic devices and systems. The text gives a detailed description of optical fibre waveguides, optical fibre cables and their characteristics, manufacturing process and drawing of optical fibres. In addition, it deals with photon sources, photon detectors, fibre optics as a medium and LAN and WAN systems, short and long haul optical fibre communication systems, electro-optic modulators and their characteristics.The second edition includes a new section on Optical Fibre Based Broadband High Speed Network. Also included is a new chapter on Intensity Dependent Refractive Index Effect that discusses the effect of focusing on spatial and temperature profiles in a non-linear crystal medium. This chapter further explains the various physical phenomena, such as the creation of sharp opaque filaments, irradiation induced damaging of the crystal, oscillatory waveguide propagation, saturation effects and other properties.Primarily intended for the undergraduate students of electronics and communication engineering, the book will also be useful to the postgraduate students of physics.Key features: Provides comprehensive explanation of optical fibre communication with illustrationsOffers extensive theory and experimental and holographic applicationsDiscusses the applications of lasers in industry, military and medical as well as fibre optics applicationsDescribes optical computing, optical gates and their applications with illustrationsIncludes solved numericals at the end of book for better understanding of topics
Fiber Optics Vocabulary Development In 1979, the National Communications System published Technical InfonnationBulle tin TB 79-1, Vocabulary for Fiber Optics and Lightwave Communications, written by this author. Based on a draft prepared by this author, the National Communications System published Federal Standard FED-STD-1037, Glossary of Telecommunications Terms, in 1980 with no fiber optics tenns. In 1981, the first edition of this dictionary was published under the title Fiber Optics and Lightwave Communications Standard Dictionary. In 1982, the then National Bureau of Standards, now the National Institute of Standards and Technology, published NBS Handbook 140, Optical Waveguide Communications Glossary, which was also published by the General Services Admin istration as PB82-166257 under the same title. Also in 1982, Dynamic Systems, Inc. , Fiberoptic Sensor Technology Handbook, co-authored and edited by published the this author, with an extensive Fiberoptic Sensors Glossary. In 1989, the handbook was republished by Optical Technologies, Inc. It contained the same glossary. In 1984, the Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers published IEEE Standard 812-1984, Definitions of Terms Relating to Fiber Optics. In 1986, with the assistance of this author, the National Communications System published FED-STD-1037A, Glossary of Telecommunications Terms, with a few fiber optics tenns. In 1988, the Electronics Industries Association issued EIA-440A, Fiber Optic Terminology, based primarily on PB82-166257. The International Electrotechnical Commission then pub lished IEC 731, Optical Communications, Terms and Definitions. In 1989, the second edition of this dictionary was published.
The book provides an introduction of surface plasmons and presents its applications in the sensing of various chemical and biological analyses using optical fiber technology. The field is developed by introducing the surface plasmons for semi-infinite metal-dielectric interface with discussion of their propagation length and penetration depth. Practical issues with the excitation of surface plasmons in different configurations and in various geometries including various means of their excitation have also been included. The book discusses the essential components of fiber optic sensors, their functions and the performance parameters along with the theoretical description of fiber optic Surface Plasmon Resonance (SPR) sensors with respect to various light launching conditions. The fabrication methods and protocols used for the fabrication of the fiber optic SPR chemical and biosensors have been described. Some fiber optic sensing applications based on SPR phenomena and various issues, such as sensitivity enhancement, influence of external stimuli etc, have been an important part of the book.The book will help beginners as well as established researchers in understanding the fundamentals and advancements of optical fiber plasmonic sensor technology. The book contains both the rigorous theory and the experimental techniques of SPR and related variety of sensors.
The focus of this book lies at the meeting point of electromagnetic waveguides and photonic crystals. Although these are both widely studied topics, they have been kept apart until recently. The purpose of the first edition of this book was to give state-of-the-art theoretical and numerical viewpoints about exotic fibres which use "photonic crystal effects" and consequently exhibit some remarkable properties.
Since that first edition, photonic crystal fibres have become an important and effective optical device. In this second edition, the description of the theoretical and numerical tools used to study these fibres is enhanced, whilst up-to-date information about the properties, applications and fabrication of these fibres is added.
This book tells you all you want to know about optical fibers: Their structure, their light-guiding mechanism, their material and manufacture, their use. It began with telephone, then came telefax and email. Today we use search engines, music downloads and internet videos, all of which require shuffling of bits and bytes by the zillions. The key to all this is the conduit: the line which is designed to carry massive amounts of data at breakneck speed. In their data carrying capacity optical fiber lines beat all other technologies (copper cable, microwave beacons, satellite links) hands down, at least in the long haul; wireless devices rely on fibers, too. Several effects tend to degrade the signal as it travels down the fiber: they are spelled out in detail. Nonlinear processes are given due consideration for a twofold reason: On the one hand they are fundamentally different from the more familiar processes in electrical cable. On the other hand, they form the basis of particularly interesting and innovative applications, provided they are understood well enough. A case in point is the use of so-called solitons, i.e. special pulses of light which have the wonderful property of being able to heal after perturbation. The book will take you from the physical basics of ray and beam optics, explain fiber structure and the functions of optical elements, and bring you to the forefront of both applications and research. The state of the art of high speed data transmission is described, and the use of fiber optic sensors in metrology is treated. The book is written in a pedagogical style so that students of both physics and electrical engineering, as well as technicians and engineers involved in optical technologies, will benefit. The new edition is largely updated and has new sections on nonlinear phenomena in fibers as well as on the latest trends in applications.
This comprehensive, modular treatment of the challenging issues involved in very high-speed optical transmission systems contains all the theory and practical design criteria required to optimise transmission system design. Each chapter covers the theoretical modelling of a given system; chapters are well supported by real-world worked examples and accompanied by MATLAB code and receiver design examples. Critical analysis and comparison of engineering solutions is presented, to make clear the principles underlying system performance optimisation, and a broad range of transmission systems is discussed, including the status and performance demands of the Terabit systems now entering the next generation market. Blending theoretical and practical considerations for high-speed fibre optic systems design, this is an indispensable reference for all forward-looking professionals and researchers in optical communications.
This book is designed to highlight the basic principles of fiber optic imaging and sensing devices. The book provides the readers with a solid foundation in fiber optic imaging and sensing devices. The text begins with an introductory chapter that starts from Maxwell s equations and ends with the derivation of the basic optical fiber characteristic equations and solutions (i.e. fiber modes). Also covered within are reviews of the most common fiber optic interferometric devices which are the basis for many fiber optic imaging and sensing systems. The author discusses the basics of fiber optic imagers with an emphasis on fiber optic confocal microscope. Including chapters on fiber Bragg grating based sensor and various applications and fiber Sagnac loop based sensors. The book also provides useful forms of device characteristic equations.
Fundamentals of Optical Fibers offers students a timely, pedagogically consistent introduction to the fundamental principles of light propagation in fibers. In it, Professor John A. Buck reviews, in depth, fundamental waveguiding concepts, the influence of various fiber structures and materials on light transmission, nonlinear light propagation effects occurring in fibers, and various measurement techniques. Since the chief application of optical fibers is in communication systems, throughout the book the focus is on topics which pertain to that domain. In the first part of the text, the author lays the groundwork for later discussions with a detailed review of the relevant electromagnetic principles and how they apply to the analysis of wave propagation. He also introduces basic field equations and delineates the fundamental principles of dielectric waveguides. In the second part, he explores the limitations of fiber transmission, paying particular attention to the problems of loss and dispersion. He reviews fabrication procedures and alternative fiber designs as they relate to minimizing loss and dispersion. And he presents field analysis methods for single mode and multimode fibers having graded index profiles. In the last part, Professor Buck reviews the basics of nonlinear optics and discusses the origins of nonlinear effects and the conditions under which they appear in fibers. This section also features a discussion of fiber amplifiers, along with a review of the fundamentals of light amplification by stimulated emission. Offering a well-balanced presentation of the basics of light propagation in fibers, and including real-world examples and end-of-chapter problems, Fundamentalsof Optical Fibers is an excellent text for senior- to graduate-level courses in electrical engineering or physics. It is accessible to anyone who has taken at least a one-semester course in electromagnetics at the undergraduate level.
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