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This book offers an image-based, comprehensive quick reference guide that will assist in the interpretation of contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) examinations of the liver in daily practice. It describes and depicts typical and atypical behavior of both common and less frequently observed focal liver lesions. For each type of lesion, the findings on pre- and post-contrast images are presented and key characteristics are highlighted. Individual chapters also focus on the assessment of response to locoregional and systemic treatment and the impact of European guidelines on CEUS. The Atlas of Contrast-Enhanced Sonography of Focal Liver Lesions will serve as an invaluable hands-on tool for practitioners who need to diagnose liver lesions using CEUS in the major clinical settings: oncology patients, cirrhotic patients, and patients with incidental focal liver lesions.
This book explains clearly the nature of colon polyps and their relationship with colorectal cancer, which is among the three most common cancers in both men and women. Up-to-date information is provided on anatomy, pathology, types of polyp and their treatment, and the performance of colonoscopy. Particular attention is devoted to the risk factors for development of colorectal cancer, with detailed guidance on its prevention and early diagnosis and treatment. While the book is primarily intended for medical specialists and students, a deliberate and consistent effort has been made to use plain language that will enable other interested persons, including patients, to understand all aspects of the subject.
This richly illustrated volume describes the performance of total and subtotal gastrectomy with extended D2 lymphadenectomy by providing a detailed step-by-step guide to both manual and mechanical procedures. Gastric cancer is the fourth most commonly occurring cancer and the second most common cancer-related cause of death worldwide, and surgery remains the only potentially curative treatment. Although several aspects of surgical management are still controversial, all guidelines for the treatment of curable gastric cancer recommend subtotal gastrectomy (for tumors located in the antrum and corpus) or total gastrectomy (for tumors located in the fundus) with extended D2 lymphadenectomy. Various technical tips and secrets are revealed that serve to simplify the procedure and simultaneously make it more effective: by rendering esophagojejunal and gastrojejunal anastomosis more secure, the risk of leakage is minimized. High-quality intraoperative color photographs and drawings covering all steps facilitate understanding of these complex operations and will prove an invaluable tool for surgeons, residents and professionals in the field.
Atlas of Esophagus and Stomach Pathology provides an image-based resource for those studying normal histology of the upper gastrointestinal tract, as well as the microscopic manifestations of developmental abnormalities, toxic insults, infectious diseases, inflammatory and autoimmune conditions, and neoplasia in the esophagus and stomach. Because modern gastrointestinal pathology practice centers on specimens obtained during endoscopic examination, the atlas focuses on biopsy pathology, providing "real-world" microscopic images and ancillary diagnostic studies for most commonly-encountered abnormalities and diseases affecting these two organs. The book is supplemented with endoscopic and special study images. Authored by nationally and internationally recognized pathologists, Atlas of Esophagus and Stomach Pathology is a valuable tool for both pathologists-in-training seeking to make "new acquaintances", and practicing surgical pathologists in need of a quick visual reference in recalling "old friends" in the world of diagnostic gastrointestinal pathology.
First principles chapter clearly explains the key concepts, processes and structures of the gastrointestinalsystem. Clinical essentials chapter provides an overview of the symptoms and signs of gastrointestinaldisease, relevant history and examination techniques, investigations and management options. Disease-based chapters give concise descriptions of all major disorders, e.g. gastritis, coeliac disease and irritable bowel syndrome, each chapter introduced by engaging clinical cases that feature unique graphic narratives. Emergencies chapter covers the principles of immediate care in situations, such as gastrointestinal bleeding and acute abdominal pain. Integrated care chapter discusses strategies for the management of chronic conditions across primary and other care settings. Self-Assessment - 80 multiple choice questions clinical SBAs.
This edition of the SAGES Manual of Hernia Surgery aligns with the current version of the new SAGES University MASTERS Program Hernia Surgery pathway. This manual serves as a curriculum for participants in the MASTERS Program as well as a modern text on hernia surgery for all learners. Hernia surgery is one of the fastest developing fields in general surgery today. There have been rapid advancements in hernia techniques in recent years, making most prior texts on the subject obsolete. These advancements involve significant evolution in both the techniques and strategies for hernia repairs, as well as the tools used to achieve these means. This text thoroughly addresses the multiple component separation techniques and options for locations of mesh repairs. It also discusses the revolution of hernia repair being facilitated by robotic surgery, which allows increased access to minimally invasive techniques for surgeons and thus increased access to minimally invasive surgical repairs for patients. This manual will be a valuable resource for interested surgeons to understand the variety of potential approaches to individual hernias, and to individually tailor the care of the hernia patient.
This book offers essential information on basic and translational research in gastric cancer, while also illustrating potential opportunities for its application in clinical practice. Gastric cancer is the fourth-most-common cancer globally and the second-leading cause of cancer deaths. It is known to be a heterogeneous disease with varied responses to "one-size-fits-all" treatments. Expanding our knowledge of cancer cell genetics may help us to explore more effective treatments in gastric cancer. The research on molecular mechanisms and its clinical applications, both presented here, will help readers gain an in-depth understanding of gastric cancer and its effective treatment. The book's four sections cover personalized medicine, precise regional therapy, immunotherapy and nanomedicine in gastric cancer. Each part presents the state of art, recent advances and the authors' experiences. Moreover, several interesting cases are described to demonstrate how gastric cancer patients benefit from translational research. This informative and attractively presented book on precision treatment in gastric cancer, including experimental findings and clinical treatment options, offers a valuable resource for oncologists and graduate students working in the field of gastric cancer.
This book presents the latest insights into the role of nutrition and diet in the pathophysiology and clinical outcome of many digestive diseases, including gastrointestinal cancer, gastroesophageal reflux, gastroparesis, diverticular disease, inflammatory bowel disease, irritable bowel syndrome, obesity, autism and other severe neurological diseases, and liver disease. The editors have aimed to build upon the dissemination of scientific information on human health and nutrition that took place at Expo Milano 2015 (theme: "Feeding the Planet, Energy for Life") by bringing together distinguished experts in gastroenterology from prestigious Italian universities and hospital centers to tackle novel topics in human nutrition and diet. In the context of modern, high tech gastroenterology, it is easy to neglect or underplay the importance of factors such as nutrition. Readers will find this book to be an excellent source of the most recently acquired scientific knowledge on the topic, and a worthy legacy of Expo Milano 2015.
Ulcerative Colitis & Crohn's Disease
Digestive diseases have always been a major threat to global health. Despite the rapid advances in various diagnostic modalities, many a time the final verdict can be elusive and present a diagnostic challenge for the attending doctor. The book presents 50 real life cases to illustrate an evidence based approach for the diagnosis, investigation and management of gastrointestinal diseases commonly encountered in everyday practice, with a special focus on the interpretation of endoscopic and radiological images. This book provides a pragmatic approach for medical students, residents, specialist trainees and specialists alike who have an interest in gastroenterology. Other healthcare providers, such as general practitioners, nurses and dieticians, will also benefit from these case illustrations. The authors of this book are based at the Institute of Digestive Disease, Chinese University of Hong Kong. This institute has contributed to major breakthroughs that have improved the clinical management of digestive diseases including, but not limited to, the advent of endoscopic therapies and minimally invasive surgery, molecular diagnostic tools for cancers and inflammatory bowel disease, and the development of novel treatments for acid peptic disease and viral hepatitis.
This book examines the biological aspects of bile acid analysis and their clinical applications, providing readers with an overview of cutting-edge discussions on Bile Acid research and diseases. It begins with detailed discussions on the biological aspects of bile acid, with chapters examining bile acid from various perspectives, from its metabolism to its use in therapeutic agents. Subsequent chapters focus on diseases involving bile acid abnormalities, and specific applications are addressed concerning gallstones, cholestatic liver disease, NAFLD/NASH, hepatitis, pancreatitis, esophageal cancer and colon cancer. In keeping with the book's integrated approach, the Editor has gathered a broad range of eminent scholars and practitioners to provide a comprehensive review of modern bile acid research. The book offers clinical physicians, basic researchers and postgraduate students essential insights into cutting-edge research and paves the way for further research.
In this book, pioneers and distinguished masters of surgery describe novel minimally invasive colo- and anorectal procedures that have been developed in Asia but are of international applicability. The presented techniques are wide ranging in nature and relate to colon surgery, rectal surgery and the treatment of hemorrhoids, fistulas and chronic constipation. Each procedure is carefully described with the aid of high-quality color photographs and illustrations, drawing attention to many practical tips and tricks. In addition to the techniques themselves, state of the art technology is introduced that is now being applied clinically in China, Hong Kong, Asia-Pacific, and beyond. The book will enable readers both to grasp the concepts underlying these important new approaches and advances and to reproduce the techniques in their own surgical practice.
Advanced Nutrition and Dietetics in Gastroenterology provides informative and broad-ranging coverage of the relation between nutrition and diet and the gastrointestinal tract. It explores dietary factors involved in causation of a variety of gastrointestinal disorders, as well as the effects on diet and the treatments available. It also provides an overview of anatomy and physiology, measurement and assessment of function, and dietary components relevant to gastrointestinal health. ABOUT THE SERIES Dietary recommendations need to be based on solid evidence, but where can you find this information? The British Dietetic Association and the publishers of the Manual of Dietetic Practice present an essential and authoritative reference series on the evidence base relating to advanced aspects of nutrition and diet in selected clinical specialties. Each book provides a comprehensive and critical review of key literature in its subject. Each covers established areas of understanding, current controversies and areas of future development and investigation, and is oriented around six key themes: Disease processes, including metabolism, physiology, and genetics Disease consequences, including morbidity, mortality, nutritional epidemiology and patient perspectives Nutritional consequences of diseases Nutritional assessment, drawing on anthropometric, biochemical, clinical, dietary, economic and social approaches Clinical investigation and management Nutritional and dietary management Trustworthy, international in scope, and accessible, Advanced Nutrition and Dietetics is a vital resource for a range of practitioners, researchers and educators in nutrition and dietetics, including dietitians, nutritionists, doctors and specialist nurses.
This textbook discusses core principles and practices in gastrointestinal oncology and covers a wide range of practice areas such as pathology and radiologic images, epidemiology, genetics, staging, multidisciplinary management of specific gastrointestinal cancer, and pathology for each primary tumor site. The comprehensive coverage makes Textbook of Gastrointestinal Oncology a useful resource for the practitioner wishing to gain a greater understanding of the principles of managing malignant gastrointestinal disease, as well as medical oncology fellows, surgeons, radiation oncologists, gastroenterologists and fellows, and residents.
"Clinical Management of Swallowing Disorders Workbook, Fourth Edition" is designed to aid instructors in the delivery of content and to enhance and reinforce student comprehension alongside the graduate-level textbook, "Clinical Management of Swallowing Disorders, Fourth Edition". The textbook addresses the needs of students who will treat swallowing disorders as well as clinicians who currently treat swallowing disorders in hospitals, rehabilitation centers, nursing homes, and private outpatient clinics. The "Fourth Edition" has been extensively revised and includes two new chapters.The workbook reflects these updates and covers all chapters in the textbook. The workbook contains true or false, multiple choice, and fill in the blank questions, along with study topics related to each chapter of the textbook. The questions are closely connected to the textbook, allowing students to review chapter material and quiz themselves in an efficient manner. The workbook offers students another opportunity to remain current with his or her understanding of swallowing disorders.
The field of gastrointestinal motility disorders has been expanding in recent times largely due to advances in diagnostic modalities. This coupled with new evidence to support best practices has increased the interest among clinical gastroenterologists, researchers, teachers and trainees.New advancesin the field of evaluation of functional bowel diseases and motility disorders, such as high-resolution manometry, 24-h pH impedance monitoring, Bravo capsule pH-metry, barostat, balloon expulsion test, barium and MR defecography, biofeedback, hydrogen breath tests, motility capsule (smartpill) etc. have significantly expanded the scope and outcome of treating such these disorders. However, presently there is nocomprehensiveguidethat coversall aspects of evaluation of GI motility.This contributed volumewill havechapters written by a panel of experts from the global academia, including from India, Singapore, Japan, Taiwan, Thailand, Europe and USA, integrating the body of knowledge on evaluation methods with evidence of best practices for the management of motility disorders. A chapter on how to set-up a manometry laboratory provides key information for clinicians and researchers who are planning to start working in this area. With 20 chapters in the book supported with numerous tables, flow charts, schematic diagrams and images, professionals will find it an essential reading.
The first edition of this book was judged by many to be the best available atlas of upper gastrointestinal and hepato-pancreato-biliary surgery. The second edition builds upon this success by covering all of the significant intervening developments, including both new procedures and adaptations of established techniques. The atlas opens with an introductory section on the basic principles of operative surgery. All of the important surgical techniques are then presented in a series of sections devoted to the esophagus, stomach, and duodenum, the liver, the biliary system, portal hypertension, the pancreas, and the spleen. General, oncologic, and transplantation surgical procedures are described step by step with the aid of more than 900 superb illustrations drawn by a team of artists with extensive experience. The contributors were selected on the basis of their extensive experience in the procedures discussed and most are established educators.
This book presents the latest knowledge in liver resection. It includes preoperative assessment, hepatic vascular occlusion, live parenchyma transection, various liver resection techniques, liver transplantation, ex situ ex vivo resection, auto-transplantation, laparoscopic liver resection and outcome of liver resection. It describes 21 resection techniques in the same style. Each chapter is built around a series of descriptive photographs and illustrations, which are explained in detail in the text. At the end of each section there are key points that are critical for surgeons performing liver resections. The authors share their extensive experience of liver resections. This book will help practitioners perform safe and expeditious resections and reduce postoperative liver failure. Hepato-bilio pancreatic surgeons, hepatologists, radiologists, clinicians and researchers who are interested in liver surgery will find this book an invaluable guide.
This book provides up-to-date knowledge on hemorrhoids for proctologists. It covers all aspects, including the history of hemorrhoids, the anatomy of the anal canal, pathophysiology, diagnosis, and treatment. Both conservative treatment approaches and surgical methods are explained with the aid of numerous high- quality illustrations and schematic drawings. Particular attention is paid to lift-up submucosal hemorrhoidectomy, developed by the author by modifying Parks' original method. Additionally, other important techniques proposed by world leaders in the field are described and illustrated. The international trend towards use of day-case hemorrhoidectomy is acknowledged by considering this approach in detail, with discussion of patient preparation, anesthesia, surgical technique, and postoperative management. The treatment of hemorrhoids in a variety of special circumstances is examined, including new trends in PPH. The closing chapter is devoted to the various forms of anesthesia for anal surgery.
With an increase in the use of laparoscopic techniques for the treatment of abdominal wall hernias, this comprehensive book provides a detailed description of the most up-to-date techniques used in the laparoscopic repair of inguinal and ventral incisional hernias. Advances in Laparoscopy of the Abdominal Wall Hernia takes the reader step-by-step through two laparoscopic techniques used in inguinal hernia correction: Extraperitoneal (TEP) and Transabdominal (TAPP), and guides the reader through the fundamentals of ventral hernia repair. The authors aim to show methods of dealing with rarer hernias and those of atypical location. This book will also inform the reader of the various kinds of meshes used and provides knowledge on how to fix them, as well as the advantages, disadvantages and indications of this type of prosthesis. Written by experts in the field, Advances in Laparoscopy of the Abdominal Wall Hernia is a valuable reference tool to surgeons and medical practitioners working in this field.
This book provides a comprehensive and up-to-date overview of the continuously evolving field of dual-energy CT (DECT). An introductory section presents information on the physical and technical background of DECT and considers nonspecific and specific software advantages. Clinical applications of DECT in the evaluation of retroperitoneal viscera are then addressed in detail with the help of high-quality illustrations. Particular attention is devoted to the most recent DECT study protocols, software, and applications in aortic, renal, pancreatic, and adrenal disease. A number of case studies are reported that elucidate the advantages of DECT, and the relevant literature is extensively discussed. The book closes by considering radiation dose and dose-saving measures. The simple and practical approach offered by this book will assist radiologists in the optimal routine use and interpretation of DECT in different retroperitoneal sites and radiology technologists in the choice of settings and parameters.
This book provides up-to-date information on all aspects of gallbladder disease. After an introductory section on laboratory findings, pathology, and diagnostic methods, it focuses on specific conditions and their management, covering gallbladder stones, acalculous cholecystitis, gallbladder lesions associated with IgG4-related disease and with anomalous pancreaticobiliary ductal union, and dyskinesia of the gallbladder. Moreover, it discusses incidental gallbladder carcinoma in detail, including epidemiology, risk factors, gene mutations, diagnostic imaging methods and treatment modalities. The book also features a section exploring important current issues, such as the diagnosis and therapy of polypoid lesions and gallbladder wall thickening, and the role of prophylactic cholecystectomy in patients with concomitant gallstones following removal of common bile duct stones by ERCP. It also compares endoscopic gallbladder drainage with percutaneous transhepatic gallbladder drainage. Lastly, the book offers stimulating future perspectives.
This book comprehensively covers the latest developments in the diagnosis and treatment of liver cirrhosis, including molecular mechanisms and therapeutic strategies. It elaborates on and explores the relation between chronic liver disease (CLD) and its causes, including viral hepatitis, steatohepatitis, autoimmune liver diseases and/or inherited liver diseases, and sustained liver injury. Furthermore, it discusses various complications such as hepatic encephalopathy, ascites, sarcopenia, esophagogastric varices, muscle cramps and pruritus, and the fact that it frequently leads to the development of hepatocellular carcinoma. CLD is becoming a growing issue with substantial effects on public health, and Evolving Landscape in Management of Liver Cirrhosis provides scholars in gastroenterology and hepatology with invaluable insights. At the same time, it is a valuable resource for clinicians specializing in gastroenterology and hepatology as well as for researchers who are curious about new research on liver disease.
Do you suffer from heartburn? Is an ulcer bothering you? Are the difficult symptoms of irritable bowel syndrome compromising your life? If so, you are not alone. You are that one out of every three Americans that suffers from chronic digestive problems.
Whether it's constipation, diarrhea, gas, hemorrhoids, ulcers, heartburn, colitis, gallstones, or one of the many other digestive tract problems, Dr. Steven Peikin's self-help nutritional program will help keep you out of the doctor's office--and feeling great.
Based on the latest research and his own clinical experience, Dr. Peikin prescribes a healthy diet high in fiber and low in fat, spices, lactose, and caffeine. He provides a detailed list of "flag foods" to avoid in the case of specific problems; shows you how to use exercise, over-the-counter drugs, prescription drugs, and stress management to complement the program; and offers advice for coordinating the program with weight loss (or weight gain), working with medical professionals, and measuring progress.
"Highly recommended for its thorough coverage, sound advice, and healthy suggestions,"* Gastrointestinal Health--now revised and updated with the latest information on new drugs and research--is everything you need to know to find fast relief from a wide range of gastrointestinal difficulties.
Clinical Guide to Gastroenterology is an accessible, quick-reference resource that provides practical, evidence-based information on investigations, interventions and management of clinical gastroenterological scenarios. It is packed full with bullet points, diagrams, tables, and algorithms of the important presentations and conditions within Clinical Gastroenterology. Divided into sections, the book offers in-depth coverage of presenting complaints in Gastroenterology, common conditions broken down by organ system, important investigations and procedures, and pharmacology. Detail is given to the sequence of clinical examination, investigations and management required to diagnose and treat a wide range of gastroenterological disorders. Provides information on symptoms, disorders and issues found in the clinical environment Guides readers in decision-making, appropriate investigation, and conducting interventions Includes important guidelines and clinical trials within each chapter Supplemented by a companion website featuring a wealth of additional material, including more than 70 audio clips, over 50 clinical case studies, and almost 350 self-assessment questions, as well as key clinical trials and guidelines Clinical Guide to Gastroenterology is a must-have text for junior doctors and medical students as well as doctors, nurses and trainees working within Emergency Departments, Medical, or Surgical Assessment Units.
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