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The conventional wisdom holds that the Supreme Court provides the final word as the Court tells the people what the Constitution commands. In interpreting uncertain constitutional text, however, the Court is not provided with a single answer but must, itself, make hard choices. Such choices by an unelected Court appear to conflict with the basic principle of majority rule by the people through their elected representatives in our democracy. Over time, however, through public debate, new arguments before the Court, legislation, new appointments to the Court, and constitutional amendments, the Court's prior judgments evolve, are distinguished or modified, and are even directly overturned. Viewed from this longer term perspective, the Court's supposedly final rulings can therefore be seen as an integral part of an ongoing national dialogue over the meaning of the Constitution. This understanding makes judicial review more consistent with our tradition of government by the people rather than by the Court. To explore this understanding, The Supreme Court and Judicial Choice develops a provisional approach to judicial review under which a surprisingly large number of judicial rulings would be subject to modification by ordinary legislation enacted by Congress. Far from rendering the Court a powerless subject of Congress, this proposal would enhance the vital role of the Court in stimulating and shaping the ongoing dialogue with the people over the meaning of the Constitution.
In the years immediately preceding 1837, when Michigan was at last admitted to the Union, her constitution and State Government were devised by her pioneer inhabitants. The formal proceedings of the Constitutional Conventions of 1835 36 were printed at the time but are now extremely rare volumes. The debates in the Constitutional Conventions were never officially printed, but author Harold M. Dorr has been able to extract many of them from contemporary newspapers and has combined them with the official records in such a way as to present the complete story of how one American state faced and solved the problem of its own organization. Thus, the volume contains materials that the historical student could not gather for himself except at the expenditure of much time and trouble. Dorr is an Assistant Professor of Political Science at the University of Michigan.
Survey of Metropolitan Courts: Final Report is the culmination of a twelve-year study on the function of the metropolitan trial court as a facility of the metropolitan community. It was started in 1947 when the Section of Judicial Administration of the American Bar Association initiated a research project into the special problems of metropolitan courts. The book represents a major step toward identifying, characterizing, and classifying the special problems of metropolitan courts and analyzing the effectiveness of methods brought to bear on those problems. It contains a wealth of useful material on personnel, caseload in various courts, and relationships between courts and other law-enforcement and community welfare agencies. Its survey of past studies on the problems of metropolitan courts, tables, and appendices make it an important reference source book. Survey of Metropolitan Courts: Final Report makes use of material from an earlier study published in 1950, also by Maxine Boord Virtue, under the auspices of the University of Michigan Law School as part of an American Bar Association project. In addition, it draws on Virtue's recent investigations of courts in New York City, Chicago, San Francisco, and London, as well as James C. Holbrook's study of Los Angeles courts published in 1957, and other recent research around the country. Survey of Metropolitan Courts: Final Report is a scholarly work that is vitally concerned with the practical possibilities of improved law administration. It shows what can be done by competent leadership and cooperation in this complex field of court organization.
In this follow-up to his "hilarious yet soul-shaking" (Black Enterprise) New York Times bestseller How Not to Get Shot, comedy legend D. L. Hughley offers satirical terms for a peace treaty between white America and the rest of humanity. For more than four hundred years, white America has been safely a majority and has used that power to f*ck with blacks, Hispanics, Asians, and Native Americans. Now, however, the demographic tide has turned--and a reckoning is coming. On the eve of America becoming a majority-minority nation, D. L. Hughley advises, "Surrender, White People!" and offers his terms for reparations and reconciliation in this edgy book infused with his trademark blend of humor and cutting social commentary. As Hughley explains, whites better make their peace with their black and brown brothers while the getting's still good. There's a lot to answer for: the United States has subjugated African-Americans and other ethnic minorities since its founding--from slavery to Jim Crow to modern police brutality. Under the terms of Hughley's satirical agreement, white people will stop having their police officers kill young black men, stop poisoning the water, stop appropriating black culture, stop trying to prevent black people from voting, and more. . . . In exchange, black people will talk some sense into Kanye. And they shall keep their opinions of white people's dance moves to themselves. Surrender, White People! includes 25 black-and-white illustrations.
This book presents a detailed analysis of two Latin pronouns, idem and ipse. Consideration is given to synonymously and etymologically related words in Latin and other Indo-European languages.
Government of Michigan, by Robert W. Carr, explains concisely and clearly the workings of our state's government. Written for the high school student, the easily understood text explains how the state government operates and how it differs from the federal government. Government of Michigan can also be useful to the adult reader interested in knowing more about our state's agencies and their services. The book includes an account of the typical day in the life of a state senator, illustrative material to help with explanations, the freedoms and protections under state law, and discussions of the laws and policies that have changed since the adoption of the 1964 Michigan Constitution.
Today, George E. Gordon Catlin is an outstanding figure in international politics, working at close range with the most important problems of our time. He is one of the architects of the modern British Labour Party, a champion of Indian independence, a leader in the field of peace research, a staunch supporter of closer Anglo-American relations, and a founder of contemporary quantitative political science. His perceptive, often controversial writings are enhanced not only by years of practical political experience but by a refreshing wit and candor. In this hard-headed book Catlin charts a course that will enable nations to wage peace as vigorously as they formerly waged war. He examines the basic structure of modern politics and presents a systematic, scientific analysis of the causes of war. Catlin questions whether or not the national state has become obsolete and traces its development from the 17th century to the present. He emphasizes the limitations of the contemporary national state as an effective tool for solving political and social problems in the Nuclear Age. In simple, straightforward language, Catlin also discusses such subjects as coexistence, the Western Alliance, modern democratic education, the relations of church and state, and the possibility of creating a true world authority, competent to preserve peace. He presents an objective and almost Hobbesian view of the problems confronting modern man, and points the way toward future world peace and social justice.
Predicting Politics: Essays in Empirical Public Choice explores politics in an empirical spirit. The topics covered are novel and important, including the impact of campaign finance on the size of government, the economics of gerrymandering, constitutional change, and budgetary politics. The approach is to formulate and to test interesting hypotheses about political behavior. The essential idea is to illustrate the power of public choice theory in explaining actual politics. The volume brings together the work of Crain and Tollison and other scholars who have worked in this public choice tradition, and shows the power of empirical approaches in explaining the origin and inner working of political institutions and processes.
A great deal has been said and written about pollution, overpopulation, the depletion of natural resources, and the imminence of an ecological breakdown of catastrophic proportions. The urgent questions are: What can and must be done? How can we organize our knowledge, mobilize our energies, and focus our policy planning so as to create a new relationship between man and the world in which he lives? In Growth Policy a team of experts presents a truly original, interdisciplinary approach to growth policy research from an ecosystem perspective. The authors provide an overall systems framework in which research in population, environment, and social values can be integrated and then expanded to aid the policy-decision process. The authors challenge the conventional wisdom and assumptions that underlie current policy making, and they question the ability of present political and policy-making institutions to coordinate and control the interactions among the environment, population, resource consumption, and technological development. Nor do they subscribe to the facile notion that technology alone will solve the overall problem. Instead, they propose a macrosystems approach to policy research that identifies the issues, classifies and expands the range of possible policies, uses analytical models and computer technology to compare these possible policies in terms of the overall effect desired, and finally, requires the cooperation of policy makers and researchers as well as the public at the national and international levels. This approach has the virtue of developing rational and careful planning decisions without denying the elements of subjectivity and risk involved in such decision making. It also seeks to ensure that considerations of basic human values permeate all responses to the environmental crisis.
A New York nature study society operates a camp in upstate New York. A truckload of campers goes on a nature study trip to Massachusetts. There, the truck driver's negligence seriously injures a camper. Under New York law, the camper may recover damages from the society; under Massachusetts law, the society is immune from liability. But which law is to apply? Legal scholars in twelfth-century Italian city states grappled with choice-of-law decisions, and choice of law perplexes American jurists today. In The Choice-of-Law Process David F. Cavers of Harvard Law School, after a brief historical review, discusses the far-reaching changes taking place in that process. American legal scholars writing in the last thirty years have undermined the traditional method of deciding choice-of-law cases. With increasing frequency courts are now reexamining choice-of-law process and doctrine. Cavers uses the camper's case and four other imaginary cases before a court whose judges plainly resemble certain contemporary scholars to illustrate methods of deciding choice-of-law cases that are currently competing for acceptance. After an evaluation of these methods, Cavers suggests the judicial development of principles of preference to guide courts in resolving ""true conflicts"" and submits examples of such principles. Concluding chapters consider the roles of the federal courts, statutes, treaties, and civil procedure. In this period of transition, Cavers's book is timely and constructive. The Thomas M. Cooley Lectureship, established in honor of the University of Michigan Law School's first great legal scholar, is designed to stimulate research and bring its results to the attention of the general public as well as of the legal profession.
This short book is a survey of Flaubert's landscape descriptions. It covers all Flaubert's writings, from the famous works of fiction to his lesser known travel writings, as well as private writings such as letters, notebooks, and journals. Much of the descriptive writing about landscapes in Flaubert's fiction is brief, and often symbolic: hence every detail counts in some way toward making a subtle contribution to the mood or structure of the narrative. Flaubert's private writings treat landscape more expansively, but are also clearly a kind of workshop in which he honed his technique for descriptive prose.
On 28 February 2013, a 600-year-old tradition was shattered: the conservative Pope Benedict XVI made a startling announcement. He would resign. Reeling from the news, the College of Cardinals rushed to Rome to congregate in the Sistine Chapel to pick his successor. Their unlikely choice? Francis, the first non-European pope in 1,200 years, a one time tango club bouncer, a passionate football fan, a man with the common touch.
From the prize-winning screenwriter of The Theory of Everything and Darkest Hour, this is a fascinating, revealing and often funny tale of two very different men whose destinies converge with each other - they both live in the Vatican - and the wider world.
How did these two men become two of the most powerful people on Earth? What's it like to be the Pope? What does the future hold for the Catholic Church and its 1 billion followers?
The Two Popes is a dual biography that masterfully combines these two popes' lives into one gripping narrative. From Benedict and Francis' experiences of war in their homelands - when they were still Joseph and Jorge - and the sexual abuse scandal that continues to rock the Church to its foundations, to the intrigue and the occasional comedy of life in the Vatican, The Pope glitters with the darker and the lighter details of life inside one of the world's most opaque but significant institutions.
Charismatics shine in three main arenas: politics, religion, and the media. In his analysis of charisma, David Aberbach adopts an eclectic, comparative approach, which emphasizes its paradoxical nature. "Charisma in Politics, Religion, and the Media" examines the inner world of the charismatic along with the historical and sociological phenomenon of charisma.
David Aberbach shows that the sources of charismatic motivation are often found in traumatic failure in private life, often as a result of loss, separation or distortion in childhood family relationships. Private trauma makes public life a desirable ideal. The charismatic strives to transend these traumatic origins through the creation of a new being--often diametrically opposed to the self-image--and attempts to find otherwise insoluble resolution of private disability in the public domain. But to what extent is charisma in the public interest?
The book uncovers surprising parallels in the lives of Winston Churchill, Adolph Hitler, the Indian messiah Jiddu Krishnamurti, the Zionist poet Chaim Nachman Bialik, and Charlie Chaplin, who otherwise appear to have little in common aside from their charismatic appeal. Successfully bridging the disciplines of psychology and the social sciences, "Charisma in Politics, Religion, and the Media" provides an insightful perspective on a powerful phenomenon.
Montesquieu & Rousseau provides, for the first time in English, two essays by Emile Durkheim on his chief eighteenth-century predecessors in the main stream of Western thought. Durkheim recognized that Montesquieu had laid down the principles of sociology long before that young science had a name and that Rousseau, too, spoke as a sociologist in The Social Contract. With his characteristic blend of reason and fervor, he enlarged upon these forerunners to create the fundamental ideas of modern sociology. The essays are valuable for what they tell us of Montesquieu and Rousseau. They are doubly important to readers who are directly concerned with political philosophy and social science. And, as Henri Peyre points out in the Foreword, they are an example of how the best minds of any age can serve each other.
Acclaimed for the scholarship of its prominent authors and the clarity of its narrative, AMERICAN GOVERNMENT: THE ESSENTIALS preserves the structure of the main text but replaces the policy chapters with one brief chapter on the policymaking process while maintaining focus on three fundamental topics: the importance of institutions of American government; the historical development of governmental procedures, actors, and policies; and who governs in the United States and to what ends. Reader involvement in the material is bolstered by features such as learning objectives, "Who Governs?" and "To What Ends?" questions framing each chapter, and "How Things Work" boxes that illustrate important concepts. Available separately, a state-of-the-art media package with new online tools makes the learning experience engaging and accessible.
On 9 October 1967, Ernesto Che Guevara, Marxist guerrilla leader and hero of the Cuban Revolution, was captured and executed by Bolivian forces. When the Guevara family learned from the front pages that Che was dead, they decided to say nothing. Fifty years on, his younger brother, Juan Martin, breaks the silence to narrate his intimate memories and share with us his views of the character behind one of history's most iconic figures. Juan Martin brings Che back to life, as a caring and protective older brother. Alongside the many practical jokes and escapades they undertook together, Juan Martin also relates the two extraordinary months he spent with the Comandante in 1959, in Havana, at the epicentre of the Cuban Revolution. He remembers Che as an idealist and adventurer and also as a committed intellectual. And he tells us of their parents - eccentric, cultivated, bohemian - and of their brothers and sisters, all of whom played a part in his political awakening. This unique autobiographical account sheds new light on a figure who continues to be revered as a symbol of revolutionary action and who remains a source of inspiration for many who believe that the struggle for a better world is not in vain.
Ten original essays by an international team of scholars specializing in Cuba, the Soviet Union, Eastern Europe, and Latin America focus on the fall of communism in Europe and the transition to a market economy. Major themes of this study are the impact of the USSR's collapse on Cuba, how the historic events in Europe have affected the Central and South American Left, their implications to Cuba, Cuba's policies for confronting the crisis, and potential scenarios for the political and economic transformation of Cuba.
The Territories of the Russian Federation 2007 offers a diverse collection of political and economic information on the Russian Federation and its eighty-nine constituent units. The introduction examines the Russian Federation as a whole, and consists of an essay written by acknowledged experts, focusing on the economic relationship between the federal subjects and the state, followed by a chronology, demographic and economic statistics, and a review of the federal Government. The second section comprises Territorial Surveys, with a chapter on each of Russia's eighty-nine federal subjects. Each chapter includes: * A map, plus a description of location, topography, area and population * Details of the history of the territory, followed by information on the recent and existing political situation * An economic survey, presenting the latest available data on transport, agriculture, industry, external trade, finance and employment * A directory listing essential names and addresses for the leading political officials. The third and fourth parts comprise a select bibliography of books and indexes, listing the territories alphabetically, with a gazetteer of alternative names, and by both Federal Okrug and economic area. Key features: * a comprehensive overview of the Russian Federation * an analysis and understanding of the country's regional dimension * Invaluable directories of important territorial contacts * Detailed and accurate political, economic and statistical information * Some 100 current maps * Extensive information from a wide variety of sources, many of which are unavailable in English.
More than 2.4 million copies sold in the series! Make your voice heard.
This book of letters lets anyone (or a group of people) reach out to
their elected officials--president, senators, mayor, etc.--with the
help of 12 lightly prompted letters. Letter-writers simply tear out
each letter, write their message, seal with enclosed stickers, attach a
postage stamp, and send. Start your letter-writing campaign today and
make change for tomorrow!
Exam board: AQA Level: A-level Subject: Politics First teaching: September 2017 First exams: Summer 2019 With My Revision Notes, every student can- Plan and manage a successful revision programme using the topic-by-topic planner - Consolidate subject knowledge by working through clear and focused content coverage - Test understanding and identify areas for improvement with regular 'Now Test Yourself' tasks and answers- Improve exam technique through practice questions, expert tips and examples of typical mistakesto avoid
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