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Until now there were no published analyses of the recent solvency work conducted in Europe, specifically the risk categories proposed by the International Actuarial Association (IAA). Answering the insurance industry's demand in the wake of the EU Solvency II project, Solvency: Models, Assessment and Regulation provides a concrete summary and review of solvency and inspires additional work in the field. Following an introduction to the concept, the first section of the book provides a historical review of solvency, detailing solvency regulation and accounting within the EU. A review of the steps leading to Solvency II looks at accounting, supervision, the actuarial field, the first phase of Solvency II, international approaches to banking, and the solvency systems of 12 major nations. The second section explores the current basis for solvency modeling, focusing on the valuation of assets and liabilities, dependency and various conservative approaches, as well as a baseline and benchmark approach. This section also provides examples of risk structure and the effects of diversification. The final section discusses groups and internal modeling as it relates to EU Solvency II. It addresses insurance groups, financial conglomerates, reinsurance, the importance of internal modeling and stress testing, and the current state of the second phase of EU Solvency II.
These study guides cover the basic concepts and skills required in a subject at first-year level and combine generic academic skills, professional skills and academic content. They simplify difficult concepts and allow the student to practice and apply these concepts. Each chapter covers the key areas of skills, ideas and practice. The step-by-step approach promotes an understanding of complex concepts. Practice for the exam exercises at the end of each chapter help students prepare for the exams. Tips are provided on how to cope with learning in the tertiary environment.
Exchange Rates and the Monetary System comprises a careful selection of Peter B. Kenen's acclaimed papers on international monetary economics written over the past thirty years. The volume includes Professor Kenen's theoretical and empirical essays on the functioning of the international monetary system, policy co-ordination and exchange rate management, the debt problem, monetary integration in Western Europe and economic reform in Eastern Europe. A detailed introduction places Professor Kenen's papers in context and outlines the development of his thought as well as his experience of international policy making and policy co-ordination, beginning with the Kennedy administration and including recent visits to institutions such as the International Monetary Fund and the Bank of England. Divided into sections which deal specifically with theory, measurement and policy prescription, this volume offers a comprehensive assessment of international monetary economics by a scholar who has made significant contributions to both theory and policy.
Equity strategies are closely guarded secrets and as such, there is very little written about how investors and corporate can utilise equity vehicles as part of their growth strategies. In this much-needed book, industry expert Juan Ramiraz guides readers through the whole range of equity derivative instruments, showing how they can be applied to a range of equity capital market situations, including hedging, yield enhancement and disposal of strategic stakes, mergers and acquisitions, stock options plan hedging, equity financings, share buybacks and other transactions on treasury shares, bank regulatory capital arbitrage and tax driven situations. The book includes case studies to highlight how equity derivative strategies have been used in real-life situations.
Whether calculating a net present value, assessing an internal rate of return, or considering the impact of debt on a transaction when analysing investments in property it is very hard to get away from the need for cashflows. These cashflows range from the very simple to the extremely complex and can take anything from minutes to days to produce. Of course, valuation software exists that will produce these for you - but sometimes there are situations where you can't avoid having to do the job yourself!
Uncover hidden fraud and red flags using efficient data analytics Fraud Data Analytics Methodology addresses the need for clear, reliable fraud detection with a solid framework for a robust data analytic plan. By combining fraud risk assessment and fraud data analytics, you'll be able to better identify and respond to the risk of fraud in your audits. Proven techniques help you identify signs of fraud hidden deep within company databases, and strategic guidance demonstrates how to build data interrogation search routines into your fraud risk assessment to locate red flags and fraudulent transactions. These methodologies require no advanced software skills, and are easily implemented and integrated into any existing audit program. Professional standards now require all audits to include data analytics, and this informative guide shows you how to leverage this critical tool for recognizing fraud in today's core business systems. Fraud cannot be detected through audit unless the sample contains a fraudulent transaction. This book explores methodologies that allow you to locate transactions that should undergo audit testing. * Locate hidden signs of fraud * Build a holistic fraud data analytic plan * Identify red flags that lead to fraudulent transactions * Build efficient data interrogation into your audit plan Incorporating data analytics into your audit program is not about reinventing the wheel. A good auditor must make use of every tool available, and recent advances in analytics have made it accessible to everyone, at any level of IT proficiency. When the old methods are no longer sufficient, new tools are often the boost that brings exceptional results. Fraud Data Analytics Methodology gets you up to speed, with a brand new tool box for fraud detection.
The most complete, step-by-step guide to the ACFS qualification The Accredited Counter Fraud Specialist Handbook is the only guide designed to support all mandatory elements of the ACFS qualification, in-depth and step-by-step. Written by recognized industry leaders, this book focuses specifically on the practitioner's role in fraud investigation in England and Wales, providing complete information about each stage in the investigative process. Readers gain access to all of the information needed to successfully complete the ACFS qualification, and to develop an awareness of the key skills required to undertake efficient, legally compliant, professional investigations. The book includes a Directory of Useful Information, featuring legislation, codes of practice, model forms, and more. As incidence of fraud continues to rise, many organisations are recruiting more Counter Fraud Specialists, and mandating Continuous Professional Development for established CFSs. The Accredited Counter Fraud Specialist (ACFS) is a recognized qualification in the field, and is mandatory for investigators in many organisations throughout the public and private sectors. The Accredited Counter Fraud Specialist Handbook is a complete guide to the qualification, both for CPD and first-time qualifiers. * Gain a deeper understanding of the legislation related to fraud and investigation * Learn the surveillance and intelligence gathering techniques that build a solid case * Review the rules of evidence and statement taking guidelines * Follow courtroom procedures and prepare a thorough prosecution file The professional qualification of ACFS, which is endorsed by the Counter Fraud Professional Accreditation Board, requires both practical and written assessments that demonstrate successful knowledge transfer and understanding of all key concepts of the investigative process. For anyone tasked with the responsibility of countering fraud, The Accredited Counter Fraud Specialist Handbook is a comprehensive guide to the investigative process.
Now that the Financial Services and Markets Act 2000 has had a chance to bed itself down and the Financial Services Authority (FSA) is developing its new regulatory toolkit and "modus" "operandi," financial regulation has moved on in interesting directions. This book takes a critical look at the principles and practices behind this regulation, as well as the theory that is involved.
This book goes further than a description of the laws that are currently out there, by analysing the impact and implications of the new financial regulations, making it a 'must-read' for law, finance and accounting practitioners. Coverage includes: Regulation and compliance; disclosure risk and regulation and stakeholders in financial regulation.
Grow your wealth and invest with confidence and know-how using this simple, ten-question framework from investing guru and podcast host David Stein You understand the basics of investing. Now it's time to invest like a professional for greater profits. Money for the Rest of Us offers a ten-question template that helps you decide which asset classes and investment vehicles you should pursue in greater depth in order to improve investment performance and avoid costly mistakes. Providing a templated framework based on ten basic questions, it guides you through the process of: *Determining expected return*Understanding the difference between investing, speculating, and gambling*Building a diversified portfolio without getting bogged down in the minutiae of Modern Portfolio Theory*Deciding when to invest in ETFs or other investment vehicles*Determining whether gold, cryptocurrencies, rental real estate, or other types of investments make sense*And much more
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