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The scientific expedition of H.M.S. Challenger in the 1870s marks the starting point of physical oceanography. This ship traveled the seas of the globe pursuing a dual objective: to conduct an in-depth study of animal life and to observe the physical properties of ocean waters. Volume 1, richly illustrated, relates the expedition of the Challenger and addresses the problems of measuring the great depths. A theoretical approach to the immersion velocity of a probe is also proposed, as well as a presentation of some results of bathymetric surveys and physical observations made by the Challenger scientists. From Deep Sea to Laboratory is available in three volumes for curious readers drawn to travel, history and science. Students, researchers and teachers of physics, fluid mechanics and oceanography will find material to deepen their knowledge.
The article-based thesis is becoming increasingly common, especially in the 'hard' sciences such as biology, medicine and technology, and is beginning to replace the traditional monograph. Format guidelines vary among universities. This is the first book to summarise the main features, showing the PhD student how to prepare a thesis in such a format. The suggestions are highly practical; both its good and bad examples from published theses support the author's wise advice on all aspects of such theses. Poor figures are not only scrutinised in detail but also redrawn for comparison. Guidance also covers the issues of reprint permissions and copyright. This informative and accessible book, from the author of How to Write and Illustrate a Scientific Paper, has been developed through the author's extensive teaching experience in scientific writing and also his experience as a journal editor. It is therefore an indispensable guide to article-based thesis success.
This volume explores the integration of recent research on
everyday, classroom, and professional scientific thinking. It
brings together an international group of researchers to present
core findings from each context; discuss connections between
contexts, and explore structures; technologies, and environments to
facilitate the development and practice of scientific thinking. The
chapters focus on:
Achieve the best possible standard with this landmark book of practice and guidance. First Aid in Science provides all the help and support needed for learning and practising Science. It offers a comprehensive guide to core topics using language that has been controlled for clarity and accessibility. It can be used in class, or as a reference and revision book. - Develops a strong basis of understanding with core topics covered in clear and accessible language - Improves student's ability to work through problems with plenty of practice exercises and revision tests - Reflects its international readership with terms and information that are appropriate for students worldwide
This encyclopedia provides an authoritative single source for understanding and applying the concepts of complexity theory together with the tools and measures for analyzing complex systems in all fields of science and engineering. It links fundamental concepts of mathematics and computational sciences to applications in the physical sciences, engineering, biomedicine, economics and the social sciences.
Na die ongelooflike sukses van RSG se Hoe Verklaar Jy Dit? is dit niks minder as gepas om met hierdie tweede volume Suid-Afrikaners se nuuskierigheid oor die wÍreld verder te bevredig nie.
In Hoe Verklaar Jy Dit? 2 bring Danny Fourie weer ’n gerf van die interessantste vrae en antwoorde byeen wat deur RSG se kundige medewerkers in die gewilde radioprogram behandel is. En dit help die leser natuurlik om die wÍreld om ons minder vreemd te maak. Hoe verklaar jy ons honger na inligting en ons dors na kennis? Die antwoord is eenvoudig: Ons is mal daaroor om antwoorde te kry, selfs al is daar geen oŽnskynlike voordeel daarin nie.
Is dit werklik nodig om te weet wat ’n Jerusalem-kriek of ’n sweepspinnekop is? Waarom die son nie uitbrand nie? Hoekom ’n mens se oŽ traan as jy uie sny? Hoe die Richter-skaal werk? Wie en wat die Florisbadmens is? Wat links- en regshandigheid bepaal? Van al die soogdiere is ons die enigste wat lewenslank nuuskierig bly. Daarom sal Hoe Verklaar Jy Dit? 2 jou nog meer fassineer.
Airflow examines and describes the many ways in which modellers and practitioners of a wide range of hobbies and sports (even cricket!) can understand and confront, harness and exploit the physical properties of wind and air. The book's admirable breadth and depth offers something not only for students of many science and technical subjects, but also to the hobbyists and disciples of 'alternative energy'. The book will be of particular interest to the increasing number of people who are hooked on the thrill and excitement of sports such as yachting, aeromodelling, ballooning, car racing, parachuting, kite flying, boomerang throwing, hang gliding, soaring in sailplanes and power flying.
The No.1 SUNDAY TIMES bestseller. A fascinating explanation of how evolution works, from bestselling author of THE GOD DELUSION, Richard Dawkins. The river of Dawkins's title is a river of DNA, flowing through time from the beginning of life on earth to the present - and onwards. Dawkins explains that DNA must be thought of as the most sophisticated information system imaginable: 'Life is just bytes and bytes of information,' he writes. Using this perspective, he describes the mechanisms by which evolution has taken place, gradually but inexorably, over a period of three thousand million years. It is the story of how evolution happens, rather than a narrative of what has actually happened in evolution. He discusses current views on the process of human evolution, including the idea that we all trace back to a comparatively recent African 'Eve', and speculates that the 'information explosion' that was unleashed on Earth when DNA came into being has almost certainly happened in other places in the universe.
Learn all the basic principles involved in initiating an academic career and building an externally funded academic research program with this practical guide. Based on the author's extensive experience as a government funding agency director and successful academic, it provides step-by-step advice on how to identify an appropriate funding agency and program manager, how to present your research in a concise and effective manner, and, ultimately, how to obtain your first research grant. It explains the faculty recruitment process in detail and outlines the key timelines associated with being on the tenure track. Providing a unique insight into research funding agency operation and expectations, this is the 'go to' guide for new faculty members in engineering, the sciences, and mathematics looking to gain a head start in their academic careers.
Relating the story of the transatlantic struggle for subnuclear domination, The Quark Machines: How Europe Fought the Particle Physics War, Second Edition covers the history, the politics, and the personalities of particle physics. Extensively illustrated with many original photographs of the key players in the field, the book sheds new light on the sovereignty issues of modern scientific research as well as the insights it has produced. Throughout the twentieth century, Europe and the United States have vied for supremacy of subnuclear physics. Initially, the advent of World War II and an enforced exodus of scientific talent from Europe boosted American efforts. Then, buoyed along by the need to develop the bomb and the ensuing distrust of the Cold War, the United States vaulted into a commanding role-a position it retained for almost fifty years. Throughout this period, each new particle accelerator was a major campaign, each new particle a battle won. With the end of the Cold War, U.S. preeminence evaporated and Europe retook the advantage. Now CERN, for four decades the spearhead of the European fightback, stands as the leading global particle physics center. Today, particle physics is at a turning point in its history-how well Europe retains its advantage remains to be seen.
This guide focuses on investigating physical and chemical phenomena through scientific enquiry. The title seeks to explain events in our physical environment by applying scientific models, theories and laws. Concepts and terminologies are clearly and logically explained and the illustrations and examples help to explain and clarify concepts and methods.
Sterile Pharmaceutical Products: Process Engineering Applications addresses the key concepts and applications of the sterile pharmaceutical manufacturing industry. It covers elements of the design, installation, validation, and usage of critical processes associated with sterile product manufacture. From water systems to clean-in-place systems, to sterile powder handling and robotic applications in sterile production environments, this book addresses the issues of system implementation, integration, and operations. Written by recognized experts and peer reviewed for accuracy, all chapters include references to supplemental resources and numerous illustrations.
73 easy experiments, requiring only materials found at home or easily available, such as candles, coins, steel wool, etc.; illustrate basic phenomena like vacuum, simple chemical reactions, etc. All safe. Modern, well-planned. Unabridged republication of the original (1963) edition.
Geared toward mathematicians already familiar with the elements of Lebesgue's theory of integration, this classic, graduate-level text begins with a brief introduction to some generalities about trigonometrical series. Discussions of the Fourier series in Hilbert space lead to an examination of further properties of trigonometrical Fourier series, concluding with a detailed look at the applications of previously outlined theorems. Ideally suited both for individual and classroom study. 1956 ed.
Flocks of waterfowl exploding into steely skies above frozen marshland, salamanders creeping across the forest floor to vernal pools, chorusing frogs peeping their ecstasy while warblers crowd budding trees, turtles sunning on floating logs, the ecological engineering of beavers-these are but a few of the sights and sounds marking a year at Jug Bay Wetlands Sanctuary and its neighboring landscapes in Southern Maryland. In an absorbing account of a year in the life of this sanctuary, naturalist Colin Rees invites us to join him as he explores the secrets and wonders of the changing natural world. Alongside the author, we witness spring's avian migrations, quickening of aquatic vegetation, burgeoning of myriad invertebrates, and the assaults of extreme weather conditions. We revel in summertime's proliferation of fish, fowl, and mammals. We become attuned to the shifting climate's impacts on autumnal transitions, and we marvel at amazing feats of biological inventiveness in preparation for winter conditions. Through these visions of the fleeting-and yet enduring-cycles of nature, Rees shares deep insights into the ecological and behavioral dynamics of the natural environment. Enhanced by more than two dozen color plates, the book touches on a wide range of issues, from microbial diversity, bird banding, and butterfly phenology to genetic diversity and habitat fragmentation. It also examines the challenges of conserving these and other natural features in the face of climate change and development pressures. Thoughtful and lyrical, Nature's Calendar speaks to all readers, scientific and lay alike. Fascinating profiles of flora and fauna celebrate the richness and complexity of a unique ecosystem, exploring the entire ecology of this dynamic and delicate area.
This compact and easy-to-read book contains essential advice on how to take a manuscript from planning right through to publication. It will help both first-time writers and more experienced authors to present their results more effectively. While retaining the easy-to-read and well-structured approach of previous editions, the third edition of this essential guide has been expanded to include comprehensive advice on drawing graphs, and information about Open Access publishing. Illustrations are discussed in detail, with examples of poor illustrations taken from real papers in top-ranked journals, redrawn for comparison. Such before-and-after examples are also provided to demonstrate good and bad writing styles. The reader is offered practical advice - from how to present a paper and where to submit the manuscript, through to responding to reviewers' comments and correcting the proofs - all developed through the author's extensive teaching experience and his many years spent working as a journal editor.
Principles, methods, and calculations for evaluating, designing and operating anaerobic systems
Starting with a graph-theoretic framework for structural modeling of complex systems, this text presents results related to robust stabilization via decentralized state feedback. Subsequent chapters explore optimization, output feedback, the manipulative power of graphs, overlapping decompositions and the underlying inclusion principle, and reliability design. An appendix provides efficient graph algorithms. 1991 edition.
SciFinder(R) is rapidly becoming a preferred means to access scientific information in industry and universities worldwide. It accesses databases which span the chemical, engineering, life, medical, and physical sciences, including five Chemical Abstract Service databases and the National Library of Medicine bibliographic database Medline(R). No other single information access tool has such breadth of coverage for scientific journal and patent documents.
"Information Retrieval: SciFinder"(R)," 2nd Edition" is an essential guide explaining how to get the best out of SciFinder. It discusses the 50+ options in SciFinder(R) including topic, bibliographic, and chemical substance explore options, and post-processing options Analyze, Refine, and Categorize. The book:
Summarises the databases and explains how to take advantage of the unique search and analysis optionsExplains selected algorithms behind the operation of SciFinder(R) and why it helps to understand themDiscusses why it is important, and how to apply scientific method to information retrievalDescribes how to search for chemical structures and chemical reactions
This second edition of "Information Retrieval: SciFinder"(R) has been fully revised and updated to incorporate the latest functionality and content of SciFinder(R). Written by a scientist for scientists, this book will increase your research creativity and productivity and is an essential resource for anyone needing scientific information in academia or industry.
We live in an age where working in science or engineering offers tremendous professional opportunities - the pace of scientific development is truly breathtaking. Yet many researchers struggle with the pressures of the fast-paced academic workplace, and struggle to harmonize their work and personal lives. The result can be burnout, exhaustion, and stress on a personal level, and difficulty in recruiting and retaining talented, diverse people to science and engineering. This book, written for graduate students and researchers at all stages of their careers, aims to help scientists by identifying and questioning the core beliefs that drive a culture of overwork, and provides real-world examples and exercises for those wishing to do things differently. Written in a lively narrative style, and including interview excerpts from practicing scientists, social scientists, and engineers, this book serves as a guide for those seeking to practice the seven traits of the joyful scientist.
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