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Serotonin and Melatonin: Their Functional Role in Plants, Food, Phytomedicine, and Human Health highlights the significance of the plant sources of serotonin and melatonin in the fields of medicine, agriculture, and food science. Over the last few decades, an enormous amount of research data has been generated on these two neurotransmitters/plant signalers. This book covers topics regarding the occurrence of serotonin and melatonin in medicinal plants and food value plants with their implications for human health, the role of serotonin and melatonin in plant growth development, functions of melatonin and serotonin in the environmental adaptation of plants, and the implications of these molecules in human disorders and treatments. This volume should appeal to scientists and other professionals engaged in basic and applied research on the relevance of serotonin and melatonin to plants, animals, and humans. Features Reviews the global scientific literature and the experimental data of the authors on the occurrence of serotonin and melatonin in medicinal and food value plants and its implications for human health Explains in detail the role of serotonin and melatonin in plant growth development Helps in understanding the complex functions of melatonin and serotonin in the environmental adaptation in plants Discusses the importance of the development of transgenic plants with high amounts of serotonin and melatonin. Describes the current understanding of serotonin and melatonin in human disorders, and also their relevance in the treatment of specific health conditions. Written by acknowledged experts from across the world
Artemisia annua is a well-known medicinal plant that has been utilized for a number of purposes, including malaria, for centuries. This is the first comprehensive book to cover the importance of Artemisia annua in the global health crisis and in the treatment against diseases. A component and extract, artemisinin, is the source of other derivatives which are also suitable for pharmaceutical use. The present demand for artemisinin far outpaces its supply. Researchers are working globally towards improving artemisinin content in the plant by various means. Artemisia annua: Prospects, Applications and Therapeutic Uses highlights the different approaches, including 'omics', that are being used in current research on this immensely important medicinal plant. Providing comprehensive coverage of the agricultural and pharmaceutical uses of this plant, Artemisia annua will be essential reading for botanists, plant scientists, herbalists, pharmacognosists, pharmacologists and natural product chemists.
Malaria is a potentially life-threatening disease that affects millions worldwide, especially in Sub-Saharan Africa. The recent emergence and spread of multidrug resistance in parts of Southeast Asia prompts the urgent need for novel and effective therapy against the disease. Medicinal Plants and Malaria: Applications, Trends, and Prospects highlights the therapeutic potential of plants for treating malaria. It collates useful information on malaria, current prevention and treatment, and scientific research carried out. This up-to-date book details the medicinal plant species used in treating malaria and describes the plant parts used, methods of preparation, and doses where available. The book begins with a brief introduction of malaria, and covers its epidemiology and implications on public health, the life cycle of Plasmodium parasites, clinical presentation of the disease, currently available antimalarial drugs and their roles in therapy, and medicinal plants used for malaria, including those that are currently in clinical use in various countries. It discusses the latest findings from ethnobotanical research, the challenges and isolation of antiplasmodial phytochemicals from medicinal plants, and the results from clinical trials and public health interventions using medicinal plants. This book has something for everyone, serving as a vital resource for students, teachers, healthcare professionals, and researchers interested in medicinal plants and promising antimalarial preparations. It will also appeal to those in the general public who are interested in herbal medicine and how plants can be used to prevent and treat malaria.
From the Foreword Umberto Quattrocchi has brought us some amazing and useful works through the various dictionaries that he has compiled. This time it is for two very important plant families the palms and the cycads that are synthesized here in these two volumes. Each entry is fascinating not just for the botany and full nomenclature of the plant species but for all the associated uses, folklore and interactions with other organisms. ...These entries are fascinating glimpses of natural history. ... Botanists, conservationists, ethnobotanists, anthropologists, geographers, bird watchers, naturalists, historians and those of many other disciplines will find these volumes a most valuable and useful resource. It is the sort of book that will be in frequent use in my library. ----- Professor Sir Ghillean Prance FRS, VMH, Former Director, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew Following the same format as Umberto Quattrocchi's highly praised and well-used previous works, The CRC World Dictionary of Palms: Common Names, Scientific Names, Eponyms, Synonyms, and Etymology brings together the vast and scattered literature on palms and cycads to provide better access to information on these economically important plants. Each genus and species has a detailed morphological description and includes a list of synonyms and vernacular names in many languages. Bibliographies accompany each entry which are comprehensive, up-to-date and multi-lingual. The detailed information for every entry on habitats, economic uses, historical and biographical data, botanical exploration, and linguistics will be useful for any library involved with botany, herbal medicine, pharmacognosy, medicinal and natural product chemistry, ecology, ethnobotany, systematics, general plant science, agriculture or horticulture. Umberto Quattrocchi is the author of the bestselling CRC World Dictionary of Plant Names, winner of the prestigious Hanbury Botanical Garden Award. His most recent multi-volume work, CRC World Dictionary of Medicinal and Poisonous Plants, received strong praise as being "... an unparalleled starting place-a tool of first resort for any thoughtful researcher. Quattrocchi and CRC have delivered a dictionary like no other, a learned finger pointing in the right direction." -John de la Parra, Northeastern University, Boston, Massachusetts, USA, from Economic Botany, Vol. 68, 2014
For courses in Chemistry. This package includes MasteringChemistry (TM). Building 21st Century Data Analysis and Problem-Solving Skills in Modern Chemistry The Fourth Edition of Niva Tro's Chemistry: A Molecular Approach reinforces students' development of 21st century skills including data interpretation and analysis, problem solving and quantitative reasoning, applying conceptual understanding to new situations and peer-to-peer collaboration. Nivaldo Tro presents chemistry visually through multi-level images-macroscopic, molecular, and symbolic representations-helping students see the connections between the world they see around them (macroscopic), the atoms and molecules that compose the world (molecular), and the formulas they write down on paper (symbolic). The benefits of Dr. Tro's problem-solving approach are reinforced through digital, Interactive Worked Examples that provide students with an office-hour type of environment and expanded coverage on the latest developments in chemistry. New Key Concept Videos explain difficult concepts while new end-of-chapter problems including Group Work questions and Data Interpretation and Analysis questions engage students in applying their understanding of chemistry. The revision has been constructed to easily incorporate material for instructors and students to engage in Before, During, and After class activities. This package includes MasteringChemistry, the leading online homework, tutorial, and assessment system, designed to improve results by engaging students before, during, and after class with powerful content. Instructors ensure students arrive ready to learn by assigning educationally effective content before class, and encourage critical thinking and retention with in-class resources such as Learning Catalytics (TM). Students can further master concepts after class through traditional and adaptive homework assignments that provide hints and answer-specific feedback. The Mastering gradebook records scores for all automatically graded assignments in one place, while diagnostic tools give instructors access to rich data to assess student understanding and misconceptions. Mastering brings learning full circle by continuously adapting to each student and making learning more personal than ever-before, during, and after class. MasteringChemistry should only be purchased when required by an instructor. Please be sure you have the correct ISBN and Course ID. Instructors, contact your Pearson representative for more information.
This edited book focusses on green chemistry as the research community endeavours to create eco-friendly materials and technologies. It provides an in-depth overview of the fundamentals, key concepts and experimental techniques for eco-friendly synthesis of organic compounds and metal/metal oxide nanoparticles/nanomaterials. It also emphasizes the mechanisms, designing and industrial technologies for green synthesis and its applications. Each chapter brings the recent developments, state of the art, challenges and perspectives which cover all the aspects in one place, and which concern the green synthesis and evolution. Authored by world-renowned experts in a broad range of green chemistry sectors, this book is an archival reference guide for researchers, engineers, scientists and postgraduates working in the field of sustainable science, green chemistry, environmental science, engineering sciences and industrial technologies.
The book comprises state-of-the-art scientific reviews on carbon management strategies in response to climate change. It provides in-depth information on topics relating to recent advances in carbon capture technology and its reuse in value added products. It features contributions of leading scientists and technocrats on topics including climate change and carbon sequestration, lowering carbon footprint CO2 capture, low carbon imperatives in oil industry, CO2 as refrigerant in cold-chain application, carbonic anhydrase-mediated carbon sequestration and utilization, chemical looping combustion with Indian coal, CO2 conversion to chemicals, algae based biofuels, and carbon capture patent landscaping analysis. The contents of this book will be helpful for research scholars, post-graduate students, industry, agricultural scientists and policy makers/planners.
Please note this title is suitable for any student studying: Exam Board: AQA Level: A Level Year 2 Subject: Chemistry First teaching: September 2015 First exams: June 2017 Written and checked by curriculum and specification experts, this Student Book supports and extends students through the course while delivering the breadth, depth, and skills needed to succeed at A Level and beyond. Covers all the content required for the second year of AQA A Level Chemistry studies.
This updated and expanded volume reflects the current state of the structural protein field with improved and refined protocols that have been applied to particularly challenging proteins. Beginning with a section on structural bioinformatics, the book continues with sections covering the challenge of producing high quality samples for structural studies, particularly mammalian membrane proteins and protein complexes, as well as protocols for structure determination, including the use of electrons in structural biology and more. Written for the highly successful Methods in Molecular Biology series, chapters include introductions to their respective topics, lists of the necessary materials and reagents, step-by-step, readily reproducible laboratory protocols, and tips on troubleshooting and avoiding known pitfalls. Authoritative and up-to-date, Structural Proteomics: High-Throughput Methods, Third Edition will aid researchers in expanding our knowledge of this vital and expansive area of protein science. Chapter 9 is available open access under a CC BY 4.0 license.
This unique volume presents new understandings of the neurochemical nature of major depression, and how herbs and their constituent flavonoids and terpenes appear to address some of the mechanisms now thought to be involved. It explores how recent studies of the rapid antidepressant effects of ketamine inform neuroscientists about deep intracellular mechanisms of antidepressant action that have little to do with simple enhancement of monoaminergic activity. These mechanisms include actions on PI3K, Akt, mTOR, GSK3, BDNF, and other intracellular pathways. New theories of the pathophysiology underlying major depression, such as oxidative damage, inflammation, stress and insulin resistance are then explored. Key Features: Focuses on oxidative damage, inflammation, and metabolic syndrome. Explains that a significant percentage of people treated for major depression obtain little if any relief from standard antidepressant medications. These facts lead to discussion of herbs that can be used to treat major depression, as well as consideration of the scientific basis for how these herbs act. The antidepressant properties of 66 herbs are discussed, along with dosing and safety information.
Although many texts describe plants from China, the focus of this book is to draw on the rich culture and environment of medicinal plants and fungi/mushrooms of Yunnan Province. In fact, Yunnan Province covers two global hotspots of biodiversity, with the richest biological and cultural diversity in China. In particular, the Kunming Institute of Botany (KIB) of the Chinese Academy of Sciences (founded in 1938 and located in the capital city of Yunnan Province) has made great contributions in the fields of botany and phytochemistry, earning an international reputation. This book covers those medicinal plants and fungi/mushrooms specific to Yunnan Province, and is written mainly by KIB experts in this research field. Key Features: Distinct sections cover the breadth of the topic including resource availability (wildly grown or cultivated), sustainability, and distribution Discusses plant parts used for medicinal uses (the folklore, the ancient and modern uses) Describes the important natural products and the known pharmacologically active components Presents biological activities related to medicinal uses or clinical evidence Cover image: Shilin, the stone forest (eroded vertical pinnacles of limestone), landmark of Kunming, Yunnan.
The deregulation of dietary supplements and natural products marketing by the FDA has widened the natural products market in Europe and worldwide. While the discussion about the validity of the plant approach to nutrition and diseases treatment continues, the explosion of the use of whatever is considered "natural" has generated concern about effectiveness and danger. Incorporating information ranging from regulatory aspects to clinical trial and vigilance, Herbal Medicines: Development and Validation of Plant-Derived Medicines for Human Health: Provides a reference model for those who would like to start the R&D process for a natural product Discusses fundamental issues in the development of traditional medicines for the benefit of human health Takes a sequential rational approach to the subject matter Brings awareness to the many problems facing the development of medicinal herbal products, such as quality control, pharmacokinetic, and pharmacodynamic issues This book takes readers on a rational path for development of efficacious medicinal herbal products. It points out the many problems facing the development of these products, such as quality control, pharmacokinetic, and pharmacodynamic issues. It suggests areas where future developments should occur given healthcare needs and public health considerations.
A companion to the bestselling book The Elements: A Visual Exploration of Every Known Atom in the Universe, this beautiful photographic card deck features all 118 elements in the periodic table. One element per card appears as a full-size image on the front and fascinating information about the element on the back.The Photographic Card Deck of The Elements is the most detailed, lush, and beautiful set of cards ever produced on the subject of the periodic table. With 126, 5'X5' cards in all, it includes one card for every one of the 118 elements, plus additional cards that explain the arrangement of the periodic table, present the elements sorted by various properties, and suggest activities and uses for the cards. The front side of each card shows a full-size, photographic image of the element, while the back gives scientific information including atomic weight, density, melting and boiling point, valence, and the percent of the element found in the universe, in the Earth's crust, in oceans, and in humans. Graphics show melting/boiling points, density, electron configuration, and atomic radius. A fascinating fact about the element, as well as the date of its discovery, is also included.The cards are perfect for students but also make an excellent gift for a scientist or anyone who enjoys the beauty and diversity of the natural world.
Material properties emerge from phenomena on scales ranging from Angstroms to millimeters, and only a multiscale treatment can provide a complete understanding. Materials researchers must therefore understand fundamental concepts and techniques from different fields, and these are presented in a comprehensive and integrated fashion for the first time in this book. Incorporating continuum mechanics, quantum mechanics, statistical mechanics, atomistic simulations and multiscale techniques, the book explains many of the key theoretical ideas behind multiscale modeling. Classical topics are blended with new techniques to demonstrate the connections between different fields and highlight current research trends. Example applications drawn from modern research on the thermo-mechanical properties of crystalline solids are used as a unifying focus throughout the text. Together with its companion book, Continuum Mechanics and Thermodynamics (Cambridge University Press, 2011), this work presents the complete fundamentals of materials modeling for graduate students and researchers in physics, materials science, chemistry and engineering.
Developed for the new International A Level specification, these new resources are specifically designed for international students, with a strong focus on progression, recognition and transferable skills, allowing learning in a local context to a global standard. Recognised by universities worldwide and fully comparable to UK reformed GCE A levels. Supports a modular approach, in line with the specification. Appropriate international content puts learning in a real-world context, to a global standard, making it engaging and relevant for all learners. Reviewed by a language specialist to ensure materials are written in a clear and accessible style. The embedded transferable skills, needed for progression to higher education and employment, are signposted so students understand what skills they are developing and therefore go on to use these skills more effectively in the future. Exam practice provides opportunities to assess understanding and progress, so students can make the best progress they can.
Exam Board: AQA Level & Subject: A-level Chemistry First teaching: September 2015 First exams: June 2017 Checked by AQA examiners, this is an essential study and revision guide for the 2015 AQA A-level Year 2 Chemistry specification concentrating on organic chemistry and related physical chemistry topics for Paper 2. * Tackle new-style written exam questions with guidance on practical and mathematical skills * Avoid common mistakes and get advice on exams with Exam Notes * Focus on just the content you need with Essential Notes * Memorise terminology for required practicals and mathematical and Working Scientifically aspects * Practise exam-style questions
Succeed in your course with INTRODUCTORY CHEMISTRY: A FOUNDATION! This best-selling text combines enhanced problem-solving structure with substantial pedagogy to help you become a successful problem solver. Early coverage of chemical reactions, accessible explanations and visualizations, and an emphasis on everyday applications facilitates understanding. The authors' step-by-step approach has already helped hundreds of thousands of student's master chemical concepts and develop strong problem-solving skills. Interactive study aids in OWLv2, such as ChemWork Problems and Adaptive Learning Activities, help students master concepts.
This interdisciplinary and accessible new volume presents a broad range of application-based green chemistry and engineering research. The book familiarizes readers with the integration of tools and spell out the approaches for green engineering of new processes as well as improving the environmental risks of existing processes. The expert authors discuss the myriad opportunities and the challenges facing green chemistry today in both its theoretical and practical implementation. The book expands upon green chemistry concepts with the latest research and new and innovative applications, providing both the breadth and depth researchers need. Topics include solar energy, electrospinning of bio-based polymeric nanofibers, biotransformation, engineered nanomaterials in environmental protection, and much more.
Akin to nitric oxide, carbon monoxide (CO) was initially viewed as a pure toxic gas, yet it has been recently demonstrated to be an important endogenous molecule of gas that has profound physiological and pathophysiological effects on the cardiovascular system. In spite of the growing understanding achieved in this field, until now a comprehensive book summarizing the extraordinary advances in the research of the cardiovascular effects of CO has not been available. Carbon Monoxide and Cardiovascular Functions responds to the vexing challenges and exciting opportunities that confront researchers and clinicians studying the biological roles of CO in the cardiovascular system. This book presents many never-before-published results including the first case of human CO deficiency. It also discusses disorders where the cardiovascular effects of CO might have been altered, including hypertension, diabetes, stroke, and ischemic heart damage. A product of the collected knowledge of internationally respected scientists, this book serves as a standard reference summarizing recent developments, scientific controversies, and future directions in the study of the biological actions of CO on the cardiovascular system. By covering both ancient and state-of-the-art methodologies in great detail, Carbon Monoxide and Cardiovascular Functions, affords a rapid mastery of the powerful new advances in CO study.
Winners and underdogs in scientific dispute - not always the better argument decides who is going to enter the annals. The end justifies the means, also in science when one or the other scientist tries to distinguish himself.
30-Second Chemistry presents the 50 most important ideas in the science of matter - its composition, structure, properties and how it changes. As the central science that bridges biology and physics, chemistry explains the diversity of all things tangible at a molecular level. Understand chemistry, and you'll know why some things oxidize and others explode; why food is good to eat and coal is not. 30-Second Chemistry breaks the subject down into 50 bitesize elements that help us understand the nature of matter, including: * Atoms, molecules and compounds * States of matter * Chemical reactions and energetics * Inorganic chemistry * Organic chemistry * Biochemistry * Nuclear chemistry Chemistry is the heart of cooking, it can keep you safe, and it explains why things work. This book brings the subject out of the lab and boils it down to its essential elements - in just 30 seconds. If you like this, you might also be interested in 30-Second Elements, 30-Second Physics and 30-Second Biology.
Begegnungen am CERN Menschen, die die Geheimnisse des Universums entschlusseln/Michael Krause stellt sie uns vor Eine "wissenschaftliche Sensation", ein "historischer Meilenstein", historisch so bedeutend wie die Mondlandung: Als Wissenschaftler des CERN im Juli 2012 die Existenz eines "Gottesteilchens", das allen anderen Teilchen Masse verleiht, mit einer Wahrscheinlichkeit von mehr als 99,999 Prozent bestatigten, waren die Reaktionen uberwaltigend. Schliesslich arbeiten die Forscher hier an nichts Geringerem als an der Entschlusselung der Geheimnisse des Universums. Die Suche nach dem Grund des Daseins und dem Ursprung aller Materie ist auch das Thema dieses Buches. Traume, Visionen, Forschungen: die Menschen stehen im Mittelpunkt Das "Gottesteilchen", die Erforschung der "Dunklen Materie" und der "Dunklen Energie" und der starkste je gebaute Teilchenbeschleuniger der Welt all das sind die spannenden Bestandteile des Buches. In den Mittelpunkt seiner Arbeit stellt Krause jedoch die Menschen am CERN, ihren Hintergrund, ihre Geschichte, ihre Arbeit, ihre Forschungen, Traume und Visionen sie sind das Hauptthema des Buches. Krause verleiht den wissenschaftlichen Forschungen am CERN somit ein personliches Gesicht und schreibt das Portrait einer ganzen Generation von Wissenschaftlern, die in den vergangenen Jahrzehnten an der sogenannten "Neuen Physik" gearbeitet haben.
Atomic-Scale Modelling of Electrochemical Systems A comprehensive overview of atomistic computational electrochemistry, discussing methods, implementation, and state-of-the-art applications in the field The first book to review state-of-the-art computational and theoretical methods for modelling, understanding, and predicting the properties of electrochemical interfaces. This book presents a detailed description of the current methods, their background, limitations, and use for addressing the electrochemical interface and reactions. It also highlights several applications in electrocatalysis and electrochemistry. Atomic-Scale Modelling of Electrochemical Systems discusses different ways of including the electrode potential in the computational setup and fixed potential calculations within the framework of grand canonical density functional theory. It examines classical and quantum mechanical models for the solid-liquid interface and formation of an electrochemical double-layer using molecular dynamics and/or continuum descriptions. A thermodynamic description of the interface and reactions taking place at the interface as a function of the electrode potential is provided, as are novel ways to describe rates of heterogeneous electron transfer, proton-coupled electron transfer, and other electrocatalytic reactions. The book also covers multiscale modelling, where atomic level information is used for predicting experimental observables to enable direct comparison with experiments, to rationalize experimental results, and to predict the following electrochemical performance. Uniquely explains how to understand, predict, and optimize the properties and reactivity of electrochemical interfaces starting from the atomic scale Uses an engaging "tutorial style" presentation, highlighting a solid physicochemical background, computational implementation, and applications for different methods, including merits and limitations Bridges the gap between experimental electrochemistry and computational atomistic modelling Written by a team of experts within the field of computational electrochemistry and the wider computational condensed matter community, this book serves as an introduction to the subject for readers entering the field of atom-level electrochemical modeling, while also serving as an invaluable reference for advanced practitioners already working in the field.
Covering theoretical methods and computational techniques in biomolecular research, this book focuses on approaches for the treatment of macromolecules, including proteins, nucleic acids, and bilayer membranes. It uses concepts in free energy calculations, conformational analysis, reaction rates, and transition pathways to calculate and interpret biomolecular properties gleaned from computer-generated membrane simulations. It also demonstrates comparative protein structure modeling, outlines computer-aided drug design, discusses Bayesian statistics in molecular and structural biology, and examines the RISM-SCF/MCSCF approach to chemical processes in solution.
Since carbon sequestration in soils reduces the amount of carbon available to the atmosphere, the Kyoto Protocols have heightened interest in soil carbon pools and their effect on carbon fluxes. Assessment Methods for Soil Carbon addresses many of the questions related to the measurement, monitoring, and verification of organic and inorganic carbon in soils. The major topics covered are: carbon pools; soil sampling
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