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More Incidents that Define Process Safety book describes over 50 incidents which have had a significant impact on the chemical industry as well as the basic elements of process safety. Each incident is presented in sufficient detail to gain an understanding of root causes for the event with a focus on lessons learned and the impact the incident had on process safety. Incidents are grouped by incident type including Reactive chemical; Fires; Explosions; Environmental/toxic releases; and Transportation incidents. The book also covers incidents from other industries that illustrate the safety management elements. The book builds on the first volume and adds incidents from China, India, Italy and Japan. Further at the time the first volume was being written, CCPS was developing a new generation of process safety management elements that were presented as risk based process safety; these elements are addressed in the incidents covered.
This textbook introduces readers to the modern light microscope. It can either be used alone or in conjunction with a practical course. The book begins with an account of how the light microscope works, and how to set up the instrument for optimum performance. The nature of light, and its influence on the function of the microscope, as well as practical advice on selecting the most suitable components, is explained to the reader. An account of the different types of currently-available light microscopy modes follows, together with a guide, borne out by the authors practical experience, on how to choose between transmitted or reflected light microscopes; wide-field, confocal, deconvolution or multi-photon microscopes. A description of specimen preparation is given, as well as advice upon cameras, image acquisition and post-processing of data. * Gives a didactic introduction to the light microscope * Explanation complemented with simple experiments where appropriate * Simple explanation (from teaching the subject) enables a self-taught student to start from scratch to set up and acquire high quality images * Leads the student on, should they wish, to use advanced fluorescence and confocal microscopes within a research institute or core microscopy facility * Well-illustrated in colour, the illustrations are selected (from long teaching experience) to support text * Workable practical protocols * Includes a chapter summary to introduce learning objectives Part of the Royal Microscopical Society co-publication book program
Chemistry as a Game of Molecular Construction: The Bond-Click Way utilizes an innovative and engaging approach to introduce students to the basic concepts and universal aspects of chemistry, with an emphasis on molecules beauty and their importance in our lives. Offers a unique approach that portrays chemistry as a window into mankind s material-chemical essence Reveals the beauty of molecules through the click method, a teaching methodology comprised of the process of constructing molecules from building blocks Styles molecular construction in a way that reveals the universal aspect of chemistry Allows students to construct molecules, from the simple hydrogen molecule all the way to complex strands of DNA, thereby showing the overarching unity of matter Provides problems sets and solutions for each chapter
Covers significant changes in GPS/INS technology, and includes new material on GPS, GNSSs including GPS, Glonass, Galileo, BeiDou, QZSS, and IRNSS/NAViC, and MATLAB programs on square root information filtering (SRIF) This book provides readers with solutions to real-world problems associated with global navigation satellite systems, inertial navigation, and integration. It presents readers with numerous detailed examples and practice problems, including GNSS-aided INS, modeling of gyros and accelerometers, and SBAS and GBAS. This revised fourth edition adds new material on GPS III and RAIM. It also provides updated information on low cost sensors such as MEMS, as well as GLONASS, Galileo, BeiDou, QZSS, and IRNSS/NAViC, and QZSS. Revisions also include added material on the more numerically stable square-root information filter (SRIF) with MATLAB programs and examples from GNSS system state filters such as ensemble time filter with square-root covariance filter (SRCF) of Bierman and Thornton and SigmaRho filter. Global Navigation Satellite Systems, Inertial Navigation, and Integration, 4th Edition provides: Updates on the significant upgrades in existing GNSS systems, and on other systems currently under advanced development Expanded coverage of basic principles of antenna design, and practical antenna design solutions More information on basic principles of receiver design, and an update of the foundations for code and carrier acquisition and tracking within a GNSS receiver Examples demonstrating independence of Kalman filtering from probability density functions of error sources beyond their means and covariances New coverage of inertial navigation to cover recent technology developments and the mathematical models and methods used in its implementation Wider coverage of GNSS/INS integration, including derivation of a unified GNSS/INS integration model, its MATLAB implementations, and performance evaluation under simulated dynamic conditions Global Navigation Satellite Systems, Inertial Navigation, and Integration, Fourth Edition is intended for people who need a working knowledge of Global Navigation Satellite Systems (GNSS), Inertial Navigation Systems (INS), and the Kalman filtering models and methods used in their integration.
Professor Woodall's essay shows that this book represents a remarkable contribution, even by today's standards, because of its contemporary thinking about the relationship between the specific topic of SQC and the broader company context of Quality Management. It also demonstrates the remarkable awareness of at least some young US engineers in the post-war period about the vital role of Statistical Quality Control in establishing and maintaining a competitive position. The book reveals that there was unsuspected knowledge extant immediately post-war, about the importance of Statistical Quality Control when appropriately applied in an industrial setting. It also helps to correct wide-spread historical misconceptions about who specifically was responsible for helping Japanese industry get back on its feet post-war, a task assigned to General Douglas Macarthur by President Truman and how Macarthur was indebted to Sarasohn.
This new introductory mechanics textbook is written for engineering students within further and higher education who are looking to bridge the gap between A-Level and university or college. It introduces key concepts in a clear and straightforward manner, with reference to real-world applications and thoroughly explains each line of mathematical development. Together with instructive diagrams, case studies and many questions to work through, this text will ensure a thorough understanding of the fundamentals of mechanics. An enclosed CD-ROM also contains 'Personal Tutor' electronic step-by-step worked examples, with voice-over commentary, which take the student through sample problems and solutions. This book is suitable for students of: mechanical engineering civil engineering aeronautical engineering automotive engineering physics general engineering and all other related engineering disciplines where applied mathematics is essential.
Comprehensively covers the basic principles and practice of Operational Modal Analysis (OMA). * Covers all important aspects that are needed to understand why OMA is a practical tool for modal testing * Covers advanced topics, including closely spaced modes, mode shape scaling, mode shape expansion and estimation of stress and strain in operational responses * Discusses practical applications of Operational Modal Analysis * Includes examples supported by MATLAB(R) applications * Accompanied by a website hosting a MATLAB(R) toolbox for Operational Modal Analysis
This book takes a multidisciplinary approach to the paradigm of biosurfaces and biomaterials through experts working in the arena of interfacing materials with bio-engineering. Starting with the concepts of biomaterials, the book builds upon the real-life applications elucidating the contrasting requirements of materials in their interfaces with biological environment. A birdseye overview of critical requirements is provided, followed by a description of the fundamental mechanisms of protein adsorption, platelet and cell-adhesion. Case studies on mechanical properties, and laser engineering of surfaces that fulfill the critical requirements in constructing successful implants are included. The concept of non-wetting, required especially for anti-biofouling surfaces, via super-hydrophobicity will be discussed. Ethics, legal issues, and a perspective on the future of the biomaterials field conclude the book.
Seit nunmehr drei Jahrzehnten ist der "Buckel" das Referenzwerk in
deutscher Sprache zum Thema Supraleitung. Immer wieder
aktualisiert, hat das Lehrbuch Generationen von Studenten
begleitet. In der 6., vollst?ndig ?berarbeiteten Auflage wird das
bew?hrte didaktische Konzept beibehalten, inhaltlich wurde der Band
dem aktuellen Stand von Forschung und Technik angepasst.
This book aims to enable readers to understand and implement, via the widely used statistical software package Minitab (Release 16), statistical methods fundamental to the Six Sigma approach to the continuous improvement of products, processes and services. The second edition includes the following new material: * Pareto charts and Cause-and-Effect diagrams * Time-weighted control charts cumulative sum (CUSUM) and exponentially weighted moving average (EWMA) * Multivariate control charts * Acceptance sampling by attributes and variables (not provided in Release 14) * Tests of association using the chi-square distribution * Logistic regression * Taguchi experimental designs
The fabrication of an integrated circuit requires a variety of physical and chemical processes to be performed on a semiconductor substrate. In general, these processes fall into three categories: film deposition, patterning, and semiconductor doping. Films of both conductors and insulators are used to connect and isolate transistors and their components.
By creating structures of these various components millions of transistors can be built and wired together to form the complex circuitry of modern microelectronic devices. Fundamental to all of these processes is lithography, ie, the formation of three-dimensional relief images on the substrate for subsequent transfer of the pattern to the substrate.
This book presents a complete theoretical and practical treatment of the topic of lithography for both students and researchers. It comprises ten detailed chapters plus three appendices with problems provided at the end of each chapter.
The connection between a quantum behavior of the structure elements of a substance and the parameters that determine the macroscopic behavior of materials has a major influence on the properties exhibited by different solids. Although quantum theory and engineering should complement each other, this is not always the case. This book aims to demonstrate how the properties of materials can be derived and predicted proceeding from the features of their structural elements, generally electrons. In a sense, electronic structure forms the glue holding solids as whole, and it is central in determining structural, mechanical, chemical, electrical, magnetic and vibrational properties. The main part of the book is devoted an overview of the fundamentals of the density functional theory and its applications to computational solid state physics and chemistry. The author shows in detail the technique of construction of models and the methods of their computer simulation. He considers physical and chemical fundamentals of interatomic bonding in solids and analyzes the predicted theoretical outcome in comparison with experimental data. This is applying the first-principle simulation methods so as to predict the properties of transition metals, semiconductors, oxides, solid solutions, molecular and ionic crystals. Unique in presenting are novel theories of creep and fatigue that help to anticipate - and prevent - possible fatal material failures. As a result, users gain the knowledge and tools to simulate material properties and to design materials with desired characteristics. Due to the interdisciplinary nature of the book, it is suitable for a variety of markets from students and lectures to engineers and researchers.
We experience elasticity everywhere in daily life: in the straightening or curling of hairs, the irreversible deformations of car bodies after a crash, or the bouncing of elastic balls in ping-pong or soccer. The theory of elasticity is essential to the recent developments of applied and fundamental science, such as the bio-mechanics of DNA filaments and other macro-molecules, and the animation of virtual characters in computer graphics and materials science. In this book, the emphasis is on the elasticity of thin bodies (plates, shells, rods) in connection with geometry. It covers such topics as the mechanics of hairs (curled and straight), the buckling instabilities of stressed plates, including folds and conical points appearing at larger stresses, the geometric rigidity of elastic shells, and the delamination of thin compressed films. It applies general methods of classical analysis, including advanced nonlinear aspects (bifurcation theory, boundary layer analysis), to derive detailed, fully explicit solutions to specific problems. These theoretical concepts are discussed in connection with experiments. Mathematical prerequisites are vector analysis and differential equations. The book can serve as a concrete introduction to nonlinear methods in analysis.
This book is aimed at the innovators who drive the advances from which we all benefit. This includes scientists, engineers, technicians, managers, and entrepreneurs who want to financially benefit from their innovations. The book describes how to build patent portfolios that will properly protect your technology and be of financial benefit. The tools that innovators need to have to generate patents are presented in detail.
Highlighting recent developments as well as future challenges, this book covers a wealth of topics from Stabilization of Emulsions to Nanocomposites to Sensory Properties of Cosmetic Emulsions.
Offering first-hand insights by top scientists and industry experts at the forefront of R&D into nanoelectronics, this book neatly links the underlying technological principles with present and future applications. A brief introduction is followed by an overview of present and emerging logic devices, memories and power technologies. Specific chapters are dedicated to the enabling factors, such as new materials, characterization techniques, smart manufacturing and advanced circuit design. The second part of the book provides detailed coverage of the current state and showcases real future applications in a wide range of fields: safety, transport, medicine, environment, manufacturing, and social life, including an analysis of emerging trends in the internet of things and cyber-physical systems. A survey of main economic factors and trends concludes the book. Highlighting the importance of nanoelectronics in the core fields of communication and information technology, this is essential reading for materials scientists, electronics and electrical engineers, as well as those working in the semiconductor and sensor industries.
Composites are materials made from two or more constituent materials with significantly different physical or chemical properties. The two materials combine together to give a new material with higher strength, toughness, stiffness, but also a higher resistance to creep, corrosion, wear or fatigue compared to conventional materials. It is composed primarily of a matrix i.e. a continuous phase which is armoured with secondary discontinues reinforcement phase. These materials have been used in a variety of products viz. spacecrafts, sporting goods, catalyst, sensors, actuators, biomedical materials, batteries, cars, furniture, aircraft components, etc. This book focusses on processing, properties of various types of composite materials, as well as their environmental engineering applications. This book examines the current state of art, new challenges, and opportunities of composites in environmental engineering. The chapters in this book covers nearly every topic related to composites in environmental engineering in four broad perspectives: (i) classification of composites (ii) green/hybrid synthesis and characterization of nano and biocomposites (iii) processing of composite materials (iv) state-of-the-art in fabricating the composites - nano and biocomposites - for environmental applications.
Einstein, Freud, Edison autistisch, schizophren, schwerhorig: mit Handicap. Heinrich Zankl und Katja Betz laden ein zu den Paralympics der Wissenschaft! Stephen Hawking ist wohl der bekannteste Wissenschaftler mit Handicap weltweit. Doch es gibt sehr viele grosse Denker und Forscher, die korperlich oder psychisch beeintrachtigt waren: Darwins Symptome deuten auf eine Nervenschwache hin, bei Einstein vermuten Wissenschaftler eine Variante des Asperger- Syndroms, Freud war suchtkrank und Edison schwerhorig, Marx litt unter Karbunkeln, und Nietzsches Personlichkeitsverfall konnte an einer Neurosyphilis gelegen haben. Das "Who is Who" der Geistes- und Naturwissenschaften mal anders Die etwas anderen Paralympics, die uns Zankl und Betz hier prasentieren, sind beeindruckend und uberraschend zugleich. Denn in Trotzdem genial ist das Who is Who der Geistes- und Naturwissenschaftler versammelt. Da lernen wir etwa den Kinderarzt Oliver Semler kennen, der zur Glasknochenkrankheit forscht, an der er auch selbst erkrankt ist, oder die Tierwissenschaftlerin Temple Grandin. Sie ist Autistin und bemerkte, dass sie mit Tieren viel besser umgehen konnte als mit Menschen. Sie entwickelte unter Anderem tiergerechtere Anlagen zur Haltung von Kuhen. Durch die Verfilmung ihres Lebens wurde sie einem breiten Publikum bekannt, genauso wie John Nash, der schizophrene Nobelpreistrager und Mitentwickler der Spieltheorie.
Starting from the basic principles of wetting, electrowetting and fluid dynamics all the way up to those engineering aspects relevant for the development of specific devices, this is a comprehensive introduction and overview of the theoretical and practical aspects. Written by two of the most knowledgeable experts in the field, the text covers both current as well as possible future applications, providing basic working principles of lab-on-a-chip devices and such optofluidic devices as adaptive lenses and optical switches. Furthermore, novel e-paper display technology, energy harvesting and supercapacitors as well as electrowetting in the nano-world are discussed. Finally, the book contains a series of exercises and questions for use in courses on microfluidics or electrowetting. With its all-encompassing scope, this book will equally serve the growing community of students and academic and industrial researchers as both an introduction and a standard reference.
A primary objective in a first course in mechanics is to help develop a student's ability first to analyze problems in a simple and logical manner, and then to apply basic principles to their solutions. A strong conceptual understanding of these basic mechanics principles is essential for successfully solving mechanics problems. This edition of Vector Mechanics for Engineers will help instructors achieve these goals. Continuing in the spirit of its successful previous editions, this edition provides conceptually accurate and thorough coverage together with a significant refreshment of the exercise sets and online delivery of homework problems to your students. The 12th edition has new case studies and enhancements in the text and in Connect. The hallmark of the Beer-Johnston series has been the problem sets.This edition is no different. Over 650 of the homework problems in the text are new or revised. One of the characteristics of the approach used in this book is that mechanics of particles is clearly separated from the mechanics of rigid bodies. This approach makes it possible to consider simple practical applications at an early stage and to postpone the introduction of the more difficult concepts. Additionally, Connect has over 100 Free-Body Diagram Tool Problems and Process-Oriented Problems. McGraw-Hill's Connect, is also available. Connect is the only integrated learning system that empowers students by continuously adapting to deliver precisely what they need, when they need it, how they need it, so that class time is more effective. Connect allows the professor to assign homework, quizzes, and tests easily and automatically grades and records the scores of the student's work. Problems are randomized to prevent sharing of answers an may also have a "multi-step solution" which helps move the students' learning along if they experience difficulty.
Systematically discusses the growth method, material properties, and applications for key semiconductor materials MOVPE is a chemical vapor deposition technique that produces single or polycrystalline thin films. As one of the key epitaxial growth technologies, it produces layers that form the basis of many optoelectronic components including mobile phone components (GaAs), semiconductor lasers and LEDs (III-Vs, nitrides), optical communications (oxides), infrared detectors, photovoltaics (II-IV materials), etc. Featuring contributions by an international group of academics and industrialists, this book looks at the fundamentals of MOVPE and the key areas of equipment/safety, precursor chemicals, and growth monitoring. It covers the most important materials from III-V and II-VI compounds to quantum dots and nanowires, including sulfides and selenides and oxides/ceramics. Sections in every chapter of Metalorganic Vapor Phase Epitaxy (MOVPE): Growth, Materials Properties and Applications cover the growth of the particular materials system, the properties of the resultant material, and its applications. The book offers information on arsenides, phosphides, and antimonides; nitrides; lattice-mismatched growth; CdTe, MCT (mercury cadmium telluride); ZnO and related materials; equipment and safety; and more. It also offers a chapter that looks at the future of the technique. Covers, in order, the growth method, material properties, and applications for each material Includes chapters on the fundamentals of MOVPE and the key areas of equipment/safety, precursor chemicals, and growth monitoring Looks at important materials such as III-V and II-VI compounds, quantum dots, and nanowires Provides topical and wide-ranging coverage from well-known authors in the field Part of the Materials for Electronic and Optoelectronic Applications series Metalorganic Vapor Phase Epitaxy (MOVPE): Growth, Materials Properties and Applications is an excellent book for graduate students, researchers in academia and industry, as well as specialist courses at undergraduate/postgraduate level in the area of epitaxial growth (MOVPE/ MOCVD/ MBE).
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