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This book offers detailed coverage of color, colorants, the coloring of materials, and reproducing the color of materials through imaging. It combines the clarity and ease of earlier editions with significant updates about the advancement in color theory and technology. Provides guidance for how to use color measurement instrumentation, make a visual assessment, set a visual tolerance, and select a formulation Supplements material with numerical examples, graphs, and illustrations that clarify and explain complex subjects Expands coverage of topics including spatial vision, solid-state lighting, cameras and spectrophotometers, and translucent materials
The revised and updated new edition of the popular optimization book for engineers The thoroughly revised and updated fifth edition of Engineering Optimization: Theory and Practice offers engineers a guide to the important optimization methods that are commonly used in a wide range of industries. The author--a noted expert on the topic--presents both the classical and most recent optimizations approaches. The book introduces the basic methods and includes information on more advanced principles and applications. The fifth edition presents four new chapters: Solution of Optimization Problems Using MATLAB; Metaheuristic Optimization Methods; Multi-Objective Optimization Methods; and Practical Implementation of Optimization. All of the book's topics are designed to be self-contained units with the concepts described in detail with derivations presented. The author puts the emphasis on computational aspects of optimization and includes design examples and problems representing different areas of engineering. Comprehensive in scope, the book contains solved examples, review questions and problems, and is accompanied by a website hosting a solutions manual. This important book: Offers an updated edition of the classic work on optimization Includes approaches that are appropriate for all branches of engineering Contains numerous practical design and engineering examples Offers more than 140 illustrative examples, 500 plus references in the literature of engineering optimization, and more than 500 review questions and answers Demonstrates the use of MATLAB for solving different types of optimization problems using different techniques Written for students across all engineering disciplines, the revised edition of Engineering Optimization: Theory and Practice is the comprehensive book that covers the new and recent methods of optimization and reviews the principles and applications.
Still the only book offering comprehensive coverage of the analysis and design of both API equipment and ASME pressure vessels This edition of the classic guide to the analysis and design of process equipment has been thoroughly updated to reflect current practices as well as the latest ASME Codes and API standards. In addition to covering the code requirements governing the design of process equipment, the book supplies structural, mechanical, and chemical engineers with expert guidance to the analysis and design of storage tanks, pressure vessels, boilers, heat exchangers, and related process equipment and its associated external and internal components. The use of process equipment, such as storage tanks, pressure vessels, and heat exchangers has expanded considerably over the last few decades in both the petroleum and chemical industries. The extremely high pressures and temperatures involved with the processes for which the equipment is designed makes it potentially very dangerous to property and life if the equipment is not designed and manufactured to an exacting standard. Accordingly, codes and standards such as the ASME and API were written to assure safety. Still the only guide covering the design of both API equipment and ASME pressure vessels, Structural Analysis and Design of Process Equipment, 3rd Edition Covers the design of rectangular vessels with various side thicknesses and updated equations for the design of heat exchangers Now includes numerical vibration analysis needed for earthquake evaluation Relates the requirements of the ASME codes to international standards Describes, in detail, the background and assumptions made in deriving many design equations underpinning the ASME and API standards Includes methods for designing components that are not covered in either the API or ASME, including ring girders, leg supports, and internal components Contains procedures for calculating thermal stresses and discontinuity analysis of various components Structural Analysis and Design of Process Equipment, 3rd Edition is an indispensable tool-of-the-trade for mechanical engineers and chemical engineers working in the petroleum and chemical industries, manufacturing, as well as plant engineers in need of a reference for process equipment in power plants, petrochemical facilities, and nuclear facilities.
Written by a leading expert on the electromagnetic design and
engineering of superconducting accelerator magnets, this book
offers the most comprehensive treatment of the subject to date. In
concise and easy-to-read style, the author lays out both the
mathematical basis for analytical and numerical field computation
and their application to magnet design and manufacture. Of special
interest is the presentation of a software-based design process
that has been applied to the entire production cycle of accelerator
magnets from the concept phase to field optimization, production
follow-up, and hardware commissioning.
Practical experience from the electromagnetic design of the LHC
magnets illustrates the analytical and numerical concepts,
emphasizing the relevance of the presented methods to a great many
applications in electrical engineering. The result is an
indispensable guide for high-energy physicists, electrical
engineers, materials scientists, applied mathematicians, and
A comprehensive volume on photocatalytic functional materials for environmental remediation As the need for removing large amounts of pollution and contamination in air, soil, and water grows, emerging technologies in the field of environmental remediation are of increasing importance. The use of photocatalysis--a green technology with enormous potential to resolve the issues related to environmental pollution--breaks down toxic organic compounds to mineralized products such as carbon dioxide and water. Due to their high performance, ease of fabrication, long-term stability, and low manufacturing costs, photofunctional materials constructed from nanocomposite materials hold great potential for environmental remediation. Photocatalytic Functional Materials for Environmental Remediation examines the development of high performance photofunctional materials for the treatment of environmental pollutants. This timely volume assembles and reviews a broad range of ideas from leading experts in fields of chemistry, physics, nanotechnology, materials science, and engineering. Precise, up-to-date chapters cover both the fundamentals and applications of photocatalytic functional materials. Semiconductor-metal nanocomposites, layered double hydroxides, metal-organic frameworks, polymer nanocomposites, and other photofunctional materials are examined in applications such as carbon dioxide reduction and organic pollutant degradation. Providing interdisciplinary focus to green technology materials for the treatment of environmental pollutants, this important work: Provides comprehensive coverage of various photocatalytic materials for environmental remediation useful for researchers and developers Encompasses both fundamental concepts and applied technology in the field Focuses on novel design and application of photocatalytic materials used for the removal of environmental contaminates and pollution Offers in-depth examination of highly topical green-technology solutions Presents an interdisciplinary approach to environmental remediation Photocatalytic Functional Materials for Environmental Remediation is a vital resource for researchers, engineers, and graduate students in the multi-disciplinary areas of chemistry, physics, nanotechnology, environmental science, materials science, and engineering related to photocatalytic environmental remediation.
Materials are the foundation of technology. As such, most universities provide engineering undergraduates with the fundamental concepts of materials science, including crystal structures, imperfections, phase diagrams, materials processing, and materials properties. Few, however, offer the practical, applications-oriented background that their students need to succeed in industry.
All set to become the standard reference on the topic, this book covers the most important procedures for chemical functionalization, making it an indispensable resource for all chemists, physicists, materials scientists and engineers entering or already working in the field. Expert authors share their knowledge on a wide range of different functional groups, including organic functional groups, hydrogen, halogen, nanoparticles and polymers.
Metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) are porous crystalline polymers con structed by metal sites and organic building blocks. Since the discovery of MOFs in the 1990s, they have received tremendous research attention for various applications due to their high surface area, controllable mor phology, tunable chemical properties, and multifunctionalities, including MOFs as precursors and self-sacrificing templates for synthesizing metal oxides, heteroatom-doped carbons, metal-atoms encapsulated carbons, and others. Thus, awareness and knowledge about MOFs and their derived nanomaterials with conceptual understanding are essential for the advanced material community. This breakthrough new volume aims to explore down-to-earth applications in fields such as bio medical, environmental, energy, and electronics. This book provides an overview of the structural and fundamental properties, synthesis strate gies, and versatile applications of MOFs and their derived nanomaterials. It gives an updated and comprehensive account of the research in the field of MOFs and their derived nanomaterials. Whether as a reference for industry professionals and nanotechnologists or for use in the classroom for graduate and postgraduate students, faculty members, and research and development specialists working in the area of inorganic chemistry, materials science, and chemical engineering, this is a must-have for any library.
Filling the need for a solid textbook, this short primer in cluster science is ideal for a one-semester lecture for advanced undergraduate students. It is based on a series of lectures given by the well-established and recognized authors for the past ten years. The book covers both the basics of the domain as well as up-to-date developments. It can be divided roughly into two parts. The first three chapters introduce basic concepts of cluster science. Chapter 1 provides a general introduction, complemented by chapter 2 on experimental and chapter 3 on theoretical aspects. The second half of the book is devoted to a systematic presentation of free cluster properties, and to a thorough discussion of the impact of clusters in other domains of science. These explicitly worked-out links between cluster physics and other research areas are unique both in terms of fundamental aspects and of applications, and cannot be found elsewhere in the literature. Also suitable for researchers outside of the field looking for an introduction to cluster science.
Examines the important topic of fuel cell science by way of combining membrane design, chemical degradation mechanisms, and stabilization strategies This book describes the mechanism of membrane degradation and stabilization, as well as the search for stable membranes that can be used in alkaline fuel cells. Arranged in ten chapters, the book presents detailed studies that can help readers understand the attack and degradation mechanisms of polymer membranes and mitigation strategies. Coverage starts from fundamentals and moves to different fuel cell membrane types and methods to profile and analyze them. The Chemistry of Membranes Used in Fuel Cells: Degradation and Stabilization features chapters on: Fuel Cell Fundamentals: The Evolution of Fuel Cells and their Components; Degradation Mechanism of Perfluorinated Membranes; Ranking the Stability of Perfluorinated Membranes Used in Fuel Cells to Attack by Hydroxyl Radicals; Stabilization Mechanism of Perfluorinated Membranes by Ce(III) and Mn(II); Hydrocarbon Proton Exchange Membranes; Stabilization of Perfluorinated Membranes Using Nanoparticle Additives; Degradation Mechanism in Aquivion Perfluorinated Membranes and Stabilization Strategies; Anion Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells: Synthesis and Stability; In-depth Profiling of Degradation Processes in Nafion Due to Pt Dissolution and Migration into the Membrane; and Quantum Mechanical Calculations of the Degradation Mechanism in Perfluorinated Membranes. Brings together aspects of membrane design, chemical degradation mechanisms and stabilization strategies Emphasizes chemistry of fuel cells, which is underemphasized in other books Includes discussion of fuel cell performance and behavior, analytical profiling methods, and quantum mechanical calculations The Chemistry of Membranes Used in Fuel Cells is an ideal book for polymer scientists, chemists, chemical engineers, electrochemists, material scientists, energy and electrical engineers, and physicists. It is also important for grad students studying advanced polymers and applications.
Combining previously unconnected computational methods, this
monograph discusses the latest basic schemes and algorithms for the
solution of fluid, heat and mass transfer problems coupled with
electrodynamics. It presents the necessary mathematical background
of computational thermo-fluid dynamics, the numerical
implementation and the application to real-world problems.
Particular emphasis is placed throughout on the use of
electromagnetic fields to control the heat, mass and fluid flows in
melts and on phase change phenomena during the solidification of
pure materials and binary alloys. However, the book provides much
more than formalisms and algorithms; it also stresses the
importance of good, feasible and workable models to understand
complex systems, and develops these in detail.
Publisher's Note: Products purchased from Third Party sellers are not guaranteed by the publisher for quality, authenticity, or access to any online entitlements included with the product.The definitive metal casting resource--fully updatedWritten by prominent industry experts, Principles of Metal Casting, Third Edition, addresses the latest advances in the field such as melting, casting processes, sand systems, alloy development, heat treatment, and processing technologies. New chapters cover solidificationmodeling, casting defects, and zinc and zinc alloys. Detailed photographs, illustrations, tables, and equations are included throughout. Ideal for students and researchers in metallurgy and foundry science as well as foundry industry professionals, this authoritative guide provides all of the information needed to produce premium-quality castings. Comprehensive coverage includes: Patterns Casting processes Solidification of metals and alloys Gating and risering of castings Casting process simulation Aluminum and aluminum alloys Copper and copper alloys Magnesium and magnesium alloys Zinc and zinc alloys Cast irons Steel castings Cleaning and inspection Casting defects
Publisher's Note: Products purchased from Third Party sellers are not guaranteed by the publisher for quality, authenticity, or access to any online entitlements included with the product. The definitive guide to airport planning and management fully updated with the latest advances in the industry. This thoroughly revised guide covers all aspects of airport infrastructure from the airfield and runway to airspace, air traffic control, and terminal and security systems. Airport Planning & Management, Seventh Edition clearly explains the FAA's National Plan of Integrated Airport Systems (NPIAS), historical and current legislation and regulations, FAR Part 139, and more. You'll explore cutting-edge concepts such as automation, smart baggage handling, enhanced security, and analytics. Updated questions for review and discussion will bring new insights to your knowledge of how airports are planned and managed. Coverage includes:*An introduction to airports and airport systems *Airport and airport systems organization and administration *Historical and legislative perspectives *The airfield *Airspace and air traffic management *Airport operations management under FAR Part 139 *Airport terminals and ground access *Airport security *Airport financial management *Economic, political, and social role of airports *Airport planning *Airport capacity and delay *The future of airport management
Applied Methods and Techniques for Mechatronic Systems brings together the relevant studies in mechatronic systems with the latest research from interdisciplinary theoretical studies, computational algorithm development and exemplary applications. Readers can easily tailor the techniques in this book to accommodate their ad hoc applications. The clear structure of each paper, background - motivation - quantitative development (equations) - case studies/illustration/tutorial (curve, table, etc.) is also helpful. It is mainly aimed at graduate students, professors and academic researchers in related fields, but it will also be helpful to engineers and scientists from industry. Lei Liu is a lecturer at Huazhong University of Science and Technology (HUST), China; Quanmin Zhu is a professor at University of the West of England, UK; Lei Cheng is an associate professor at Wuhan University of Science and Technology, China; Yongji Wang is a professor at HUST; Dongya Zhao is an associate professor at China University of Petroleum.
Fiesers' Reagents for Organic Synthesis provides an up-to-date, A-to-Z listing of reagents cited in synthetic literature. - Covers, in volume 29, chemical literature and methodologies from 2013-mid 2014 - Features entries with concise descriptions, illustrations of chemical reactions, selected examples of applications - Includes author indexes and subject indexes - Offers practical information on reagents' usefulness, where to find complete details
Offers the first comprehensive account of this interesting and growing research field Printed Batteries: Materials, Technologies and Applications reviews the current state of the art for printed batteries, discussing the different types and materials, and describing the printing techniques. It addresses the main applications that are being developed for printed batteries as well as the major advantages and remaining challenges that exist in this rapidly evolving area of research. It is the first book on printed batteries that seeks to promote a deeper understanding of this increasingly relevant research and application area. It is written in a way so as to interest and motivate readers to tackle the many challenges that lie ahead so that the entire research community can provide the world with a bright, innovative future in the area of printed batteries. Topics covered in Printed Batteries include, Printed Batteries: Definition, Types and Advantages; Printing Techniques for Batteries, Including 3D Printing; Inks Formulation and Properties for Printing Techniques; Rheological Properties for Electrode Slurry; Solid Polymer Electrolytes for Printed Batteries; Printed Battery Design; and Printed Battery Applications. Covers everything readers need to know about the materials and techniques required for printed batteries Informs on the applications for printed batteries and what the benefits are Discusses the challenges that lie ahead as innovators continue with their research Printed Batteries: Materials, Technologies and Applications is a unique and informative book that will appeal to academic researchers, industrial scientists, and engineers working in the areas of sensors, actuators, energy storage, and printed electronics.
Thermal and mechanical packaging - the enabling technologies for the physical implementation of electronic systems - are responsible for much of the progress in miniaturization, reliability, and functional density achieved by electronic, microelectronic, and nanoelectronic products during the past 50 years. The inherent inefficiency of electronic devices and their sensitivity to heat have placed thermal packaging on the critical path of nearly every product development effort in traditional, as well as emerging, electronic product categories. Successful thermal packaging is the key differentiator in electronic products, as diverse as supercomputers and cell phones, and continues to be of pivotal importance in the refinement of traditional products and in the development of products for new applications. The Encyclopedia of Thermal Packaging, compiled in four multi-volume sets (Set 1: Thermal Packaging Techniques, Set 2: Thermal Packaging Tools, Set 3: Thermal Packaging Applications, and Set 4: Thermal Packaging Configurations) provides a comprehensive, one-stop treatment of the techniques, tools, applications, and configurations of electronic thermal packaging. Each of the author-written volumes presents the accumulated wisdom and shared perspectives of a few luminaries in the thermal management of electronics. The four sets in the Encyclopedia of Thermal Packaging will provide the novice and student with a complete reference for a quick ascent on the thermal packaging "learning curve," the practitioner with a validated set of techniques and tools to face every challenge, and researchers with a clear definition of the state-of-the-art and emerging needs to guide their future efforts. This encyclopedia will, thus, be of great interest to packaging engineers, electronic product development engineers, and product managers, as well as to researchers in thermal management of electronic and photonic components and systems, and most beneficial to undergraduate and graduate students studying mechanical, electrical, and electronic engineering. Set 3: Thermal Packaging Applications The third set in the Encyclopedia includes two volumes in the planned focus on Thermal Packaging Applications and a single volume on the use of Phase Change Materials (PCM), a most important Thermal Management Technique, not previously addressed in the Encyclopedia. Set 3 opens with Heat Transfer in Avionic Equipment, authored by Dr Boris Abramzon, offering a comprehensive, in-depth treatment of compact heat exchangers and cold plates for avionics cooling, as well as discussion on recent developments in these heat transfer units that are widely used in the thermal control of military and civilian airborne electronics. Along with a detailed presentation of the relevant thermofluid physics and governing equations, and the supporting mathematical design and optimization techniques, the book offers a practical guide for thermal engineers designing avionics cooling equipment, based on the author's 20+ years of experience as a thermal analyst and a practical design engineer for Avionics and related systems. The Set continues with Thermal Management of RF Systems, which addresses sequentially the history, present practice, and future thermal management strategies for electronically-steered RF systems, in the context of the RF operational requirements, as well as device-, module-, and system-level electronic, thermal, and mechanical considerations. This unique text was written by 3 authors, Dr John D Albrecht, Mr David H Altman, Dr Joseph J Maurer, with extensive US Department of Defense and aerospace industry experience in the design, development, and fielding of RF systems. Their combined efforts have resulted in a text, which is well-grounded in the relevant past, present, and future RF systems and technologies. Thus, this volume will provide the designers of advanced radars and other electronic RF systems with the tools and the knowledge to address the thermal management challenges of today's technologies, as well as of advanced technologies, such as wide bandgap semiconductors, heterogeneously integrated devices, and 3D chipsets and stacks. The third volume in Set 3, Phase Change Materials for Thermal Management of Electronic Components, co-authored by Prof Gennady Ziskind and Dr Yoram Kozak, provides a detailed description of the numerical methods used in PCM analysis and a detailed explanation of the processes that accompany and characterize solid-liquid phase-change in popular basic and advanced geometries. These provide a foundation for an in-depth exploration of specific electronics thermal management applications of Phase Change Materials. This volume is anchored in the unique PCM knowledge and experience of the senior author and placed in the context of the extensive solid-liquid phase-change literature in such diverse fields as material science, mathematical modeling, experimental and numerical methods, and thermofluid science and engineering.
With its comprehensive coverage of recent progress in metallic biomaterials, this reference focuses on emerging materials and new biofunctions for promising applications. The text is systematically structured, with the information organized according to different material systems, and concentrates on various advanced materials, such as anti-bacterial functionalized stainless steel, biodegradable metals with bioactivity, and novel structured metallic biomaterials. Authors from well-known academic institutes and with many years of clinical experience discuss all important aspects, including design strategies, fabrication and modification techniques, and biocompatibility.
Inside industrial furnaces and combustion chambers, energy is essentially exchanged by radiation. It is through the same mechanism that the energy emitted by the Sun spreads through different media to reach the Earth. Developing a sound understanding of the laws underlying energy exchanges by radiation is therefore essential, not only for establishing design equations for industrial equipment, but also for an optimal harvesting of solar energy and a better understanding of climate change phenomena such as the greenhouse effect. Energy Transfers by Radiation establishes the basic laws and equations which support the quantification of energy fluxes transferred between surfaces for situations similar to those usually encountered in industrial processes or in solar energy applications.
A discussion of the fundamental changes that occur when dynamical
systems from the fields of nonlinear optics, solids, hydrodynamics
and biophysics are scaled down to nanosize. The authors are leading
scientists in the field and each of their contributions provides a
broader introduction to the specific area of research. In so doing,
they include both the experimental and theoretical point of view,
focusing especially on the effects on the nonlinear dynamical
behavior of scaling, stochasticity and quantum mechanics.
Ever since the discovery of graphene, two-dimensional layered materials (2DLMs) have been the central tool of the materials research community. The reason behind their importance is their superlative and unique electronic, optical, physical, chemical and mechanical properties in layered form rather than in bulk form. The 2DLMs have been applied to electronics, catalysis, energy, environment, and biomedical applications. The following topics are discussed in the book's fifteen chapters: - The research status of the 2D metal-organic frameworks and the different techniques used to synthesize them. - 2D black phosphorus (BP) and its practical application in various fields. - Reviews the synthesis methods of MXenes and provides a detailed discussion of their structural characterization and physical, electrochemical and optical properties, as well as applications in catalysis, energy storage, environmental management, biomedicine, and gas sensing. - The carbon-based materials and their potential applications via the photocatalytic process using visible light irradiation. - 2D materials like graphene, TMDCs, few-layer phosphorene, MXene in layered form and their heterostructures. - The structure and applications of 2D perovskites. - The physical parameters of pristine layered materials, ZnO, transition metal dichalcogenides, and heterostructures of layered materials are discussed. - The coupling of graphitic carbon nitride with various metal sulfides and oxides to form efficient heterojunction for water purification. - The structural features, synthetic methods, properties, and different applications and properties of 2D zeolites. - The methods for synthesizing 2D hollow nanostructures are featured and their structural aspects and potential in medical and non-medical applications. - The characteristics and structural aspects of 2D layered double hydroxides (LDHs) and the various synthesis methods and role of LDH in non-medical applications as adsorbent, sensor, catalyst, etc. - The synthesis of graphene-based 2D layered materials synthesized by using top-down and bottom-up approaches where the main emphasis is on the hot-filament thermal chemical vapor deposition (HFTCVD) method. - The different properties of 2D h-BN and borophene and the various methods being used for the synthesis of 2D h-BN, along with their growth mechanism and transfer techniques. - The physical properties and current progress of various transition metal dichalcogenides (TMDC) based on photoactive materials for photoelectrochemical (PEC) hydrogen evolution reaction. - The state-of-the-art of 2D layered materials and associated devices, such as electronic, biosensing, optoelectronic, and energy storage applications.
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