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Books > Professional & Technical > Energy technology & engineering > General

Investing To Save The Planet - How Your Money Can Make a Difference (Paperback): Alice Ross Investing To Save The Planet - How Your Money Can Make a Difference (Paperback)
Alice Ross
R350 R280 Discovery Miles 2 800 Save R70 (20%) In stock

'This book presents a salient truth: every investor - no matter how large or small - has the power to help address our climate crisis and build a more sustainable world. Together, we can and must act now' Al Gore, former Vice President of the United States 'Everyone's savings account and pension can meaningfully contribute. Ross tells us how in this clear, easy to understand yet transformative book' Christiana Figueres, Founding Partner, Global Optimism and Former Executive Secretary, United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change 'I can't imagine a more important book at the moment. A detailed, action-oriented guide on how to make our money matter and save us and the planet we live on' Richard Curtis, Writer, Director, Co-Founder of Red Nose Day and UN Sustainable Development Goals Advocate Investing responsibly is one of the most powerful ways that you can fight climate change. No longer a niche sector for rebel fund managers, conscious investing has the potential to raise huge sums of money to the companies and organisations on the front line fighting the climate crisis and make investors positive returns in the process. In this essential introduction to green investing, Alice Ross shows you how you can turn your savings and pensions, however big or small, into a force for change. You will learn: - Which sectors are leading the charge by developing cutting-edge solutions; from smart farming to renewable energy - How to cut through 'alphabet soup' jargon and identify 'greenwashing' - The ways you can maximise your economic power and hold those you're investing in to account 'Changing the way that we invest is one of the most powerful levers we have for solving climate change. This hugely interesting and immensely practical book not only explains why changing how we invest is so critically important but also provides a set of powerful tools for actually doing it' Rebecca Henderson, John and Natty McArthur University Professor at Harvard University and author of Reimagining Capitalism 'Explains the power you have, through your investment choices, to accelerate the path toward a sustainable clean energy future. Read this book and be empowered to create a better future for the planet' Michael Mann, Distinguished Professor, Penn State University, author of The New Climate War

Higher Engineering Science Study Guide (Paperback): Paul MacBeath Higher Engineering Science Study Guide (Paperback)
Paul MacBeath
R383 Discovery Miles 3 830 Ships in 10 - 20 working days
Thermal System Optimization - A Population-Based Metaheuristic Approach (Hardcover, 1st ed. 2019): Vivek K. Patel, Vimal J.... Thermal System Optimization - A Population-Based Metaheuristic Approach (Hardcover, 1st ed. 2019)
Vivek K. Patel, Vimal J. Savsani, Mohamed A. Tawhid
R3,799 Discovery Miles 37 990 Ships in 7 - 11 working days

This book presents a wide-ranging review of the latest research and development directions in thermal systems optimization using population-based metaheuristic methods. It helps readers to identify the best methods for their own systems, providing details of mathematical models and algorithms suitable for implementation. To reduce mathematical complexity, the authors focus on optimization of individual components rather than taking on systems as a whole. They employ numerous case studies: heat exchangers; cooling towers; power generators; refrigeration systems; and others. The importance of these subsystems to real-world situations from internal combustion to air-conditioning is made clear. The thermal systems under discussion are analysed using various metaheuristic techniques, with comparative results for different systems. The inclusion of detailed MATLAB (R) codes in the text will assist readers-researchers, practitioners or students-to assess these techniques for different real-world systems. Thermal System Optimization is a useful tool for thermal design researchers and engineers in academia and industry, wishing to perform thermal system identification with properly optimized parameters. It will be of interest for researchers, practitioners and graduate students with backgrounds in mechanical, chemical and power engineering.

Energy-Sustainable Advanced Materials (Hardcover, 1st ed. 2021): Mark Alston, Timothy Lambert Energy-Sustainable Advanced Materials (Hardcover, 1st ed. 2021)
Mark Alston, Timothy Lambert
R3,463 Discovery Miles 34 630 Ships in 7 - 11 working days

This book highlights progress towards the capture, storage, and utilization of energy through the development of advanced materials and systems based on abundant elements, materials, and commodities. Energy is critical to human sustainability and a global-scale deployment of renewable energy systems will be required. Hence, the chapters integrate the fundamental aspects that enable the technical advancements in detail, along with an emphasis on the need for highly sustainable materials to enable real impact for humankind: To determine innovation of energy capture and storage through characterizations of materials in areas of electrical generation and electrical storage systems; To demonstrate better performance, economic and environmental advantages than the current state of the art; To define new chemistries and materials for innovations in energy density design through lower operational temperatures, improve safety, expanding operational voltage, battery durability lifetimes, and reduce system costs. Advances critical technical and commercial objectives for novel high energy density materials; Evaluates operational material models for optimizing energy capture that are integrated by configurations as a system; Illustrates utilization of material life cycle assessment for high energy outputs generators for sustainable materials.

CFD Techniques and Energy Applications (Hardcover, 1st ed. 2018): Zied Driss, Brahim Necib, Hao-Chun Zhang CFD Techniques and Energy Applications (Hardcover, 1st ed. 2018)
Zied Driss, Brahim Necib, Hao-Chun Zhang
R2,699 Discovery Miles 26 990 Ships in 7 - 11 working days

This book focuses on CFD (Computational Fluid Dynamics) techniques and the recent developments and research works in energy applications. It is devoted to the publication of basic and applied studies broadly related to this area. The chapters present the development of numerical methods, computational techniques, and case studies in the energy applications. Also, they offer the fundamental knowledge for using CFD in energy applications through new technical approaches. Besides, they describe the CFD process steps and provide benefits and issues for using CFD analysis in understanding the flow complicated phenomena and its use in the design process. The best practices for reducing errors and uncertainties in the CFD analysis are further described. The book reveals not only the recent advances and future research trends of CFD Techniques but also provides the reader with valuable information about energy applications. It aims to provide the readers, such as engineers and PhD students, with the fundamentals of CFD prior to embarking on any real simulation project. Additionally, engineers supporting or being supported by CFD analysts can take advantage from the information of the book's different chapters.

Sustainability, Green IT and Education Strategies in the Twenty-first Century (Hardcover, 1st ed. 2017): Tomayess Issa, Pedro... Sustainability, Green IT and Education Strategies in the Twenty-first Century (Hardcover, 1st ed. 2017)
Tomayess Issa, Pedro Isaias, Theodora Issa
R4,635 Discovery Miles 46 350 Ships in 7 - 11 working days

This work presents and discusses the latest approaches and strategies for implementing Sustainability and Green IT into higher education and business environments. Following the global financial crisis in 2007/2008, businesses began to struggle coping with the increased IT/IS cost and their environmental footprint. As a consequence, action by universities to incorporate sustainability and 'Green IT' as parts of their teaching and learning materials, acknowledging their importance for global and local businesses, is being increasingly implemented. The book addresses the cooperation and coordination between academics and practitioners needed in order to achieve the changes required to obtain sustainability. Intended for researchers, lecturers and post-graduate students, as well as professionals in the Information Society and ICT and education sectors, and policy makers.

Heat and Mass Transfer (Hardcover, 1st ed. 2017): Rajendra Karwa Heat and Mass Transfer (Hardcover, 1st ed. 2017)
Rajendra Karwa
R3,384 Discovery Miles 33 840 Ships in 7 - 11 working days

This textbook presents the classical treatment of the problems of heat transfer in an exhaustive manner with due emphasis on understanding of the physics of the problems. This emphasis is especially visible in the chapters on convective heat transfer. Emphasis is laid on the solution of steady and unsteady two-dimensional heat conduction problems. Another special feature of the book is a chapter on introduction to design of heat exchangers and their illustrative design problems. A simple and understandable treatment of gaseous radiation has been presented. A special chapter on flat plate solar air heater has been incorporated that covers thermo-hydraulic modeling and simulation. The chapter on mass transfer has been written looking specifically at the needs of the students of mechanical engineering. The book includes a large number and variety of solved problems with supporting line diagrams. The author has avoided duplicating similar problems, while incorporating more application-based examples. All the end-of-chapter exercise problems are supplemented with stepwise answers. Primarily designed to serve as a complete textbook for undergraduate and graduate students of mechanical engineering, the book will also be useful for students of chemical, automobile, production, and industrial engineering streams. The book fully covers the topics of heat transfer coursework and can also be used as reference for students preparing for competitive graduate examinations.

Enhancing Energy Efficiency in Irrigation - A Socio-Technical Approach in South India (Paperback, 1st ed. 2016): Julian... Enhancing Energy Efficiency in Irrigation - A Socio-Technical Approach in South India (Paperback, 1st ed. 2016)
Julian Sagebiel, Christian Kimmich, Malte Muller, Markus Hanisch, Vivek Gilani
R1,838 Discovery Miles 18 380 Ships in 7 - 11 working days

This SpringerBrief reviews currently applied and potential solutions for improving the efficiency and quality of rural electricity supply in India, a major bottleneck for agricultural development. It provides background on the current state of supply and reviews recent and ongoing research and development projects. One selected project, designed and conducted by the authors, is outlined in detail. The research findings, project implementation, and evaluation are intended to provide development practitioners, policy makers, and applied researchers with experience from the field. At the core of this Brief is the integration of technical and social solutions, emphasizing the role of collective action, and the merits and demerits of small-scale, technically simple measures.

Advanced Data Analytics for Power Systems (Hardcover): Ali Tajer, Samir M. Perlaza, H. Vincent Poor Advanced Data Analytics for Power Systems (Hardcover)
Ali Tajer, Samir M. Perlaza, H. Vincent Poor
R2,322 Discovery Miles 23 220 Ships in 7 - 11 working days

Experts in data analytics and power engineering present techniques addressing the needs of modern power systems, covering theory and applications related to power system reliability, efficiency, and security. With topics spanning large-scale and distributed optimization, statistical learning, big data analytics, graph theory, and game theory, this is an essential resource for graduate students and researchers in academia and industry with backgrounds in power systems engineering, applied mathematics, and computer science.

Wind Turbines - Theory and Practice (Hardcover): Colin Anderson Wind Turbines - Theory and Practice (Hardcover)
Colin Anderson
R1,736 Discovery Miles 17 360 Ships in 10 - 20 working days

In the multi-disciplinary field of wind energy, students and professionals can often be uncomfortable outside their own specialist areas. This essential textbook explains the key aspects of wind turbine technology and its application in a single readable text. Covering a broad range of multi-disciplinary topics, including everything from aerodynamics through to electrical and control theory, to structures, planning, economics, and policy, this reference is an excellent toolkit for undergraduate students, postgraduate students, and professionals in the field of wind energy. Key concepts, including more challenging ones such as rotational sampling of turbulence, vortex wake structures, and reactive power management, are explained using clear language and simplifying illustrations including experimental graphs, photos, and line drawings.

Architecture - From Prehistory to Climate Emergency (Hardcover): Barnabas Calder Architecture - From Prehistory to Climate Emergency (Hardcover)
Barnabas Calder
R502 R409 Discovery Miles 4 090 Save R93 (19%) Ships in 10 - 20 working days

Reducing energy use is the single biggest challenge facing architecture today. From the humblest prehistoric hut to the imposing monuments of Rome or Egypt to super-connected modern airports, buildings in every era and place have been shaped by the energy available for their construction and running. This highly original and compelling survey tells the story of our buildings from our hunter-gatherer origins to the age of fossil-fuel dependence, and shows how architecture has been influenced by designers, builders and societies adapting to changing energy contexts. Architecture is a fascinating celebration of human ingenuity and creativity, and a timely reminder of the scale of the task ahead in our search for truly sustainable architecture.

Handbook of Industrial Chemistry and Biotechnology (Hardcover, 13rd ed. 2017): James A. Kent, Tilak V. Bommaraju, Scott D.... Handbook of Industrial Chemistry and Biotechnology (Hardcover, 13rd ed. 2017)
James A. Kent, Tilak V. Bommaraju, Scott D. Barnicki
R11,838 Discovery Miles 118 380 Ships in 7 - 11 working days

This widely respected and frequently consulted reference work provides a wealth of information and guidance on industrial chemistry and biotechnology. Industries covered span the spectrum from salt and soda ash to advanced dyes chemistry, the nuclear industry, the rapidly evolving biotechnology industry, and, most recently, electrochemical energy storage devices and fuel cell science and technology. Other topics of surpassing interest to the world at large are covered in chapters on fertilizers and food production, pesticide manufacture and use, and the principles of sustainable chemical practice, referred to as green chemistry. Finally, considerable space and attention in the Handbook are devoted to the subjects of safety and emergency preparedness. It is worth noting that virtually all of the chapters are written by individuals who are embedded in the industries whereof they write so knowledgeably.

Membrane Technology Enhancement for Environmental Protection and Sustainable Industrial Growth (Hardcover, 1st ed. 2021): Zhien... Membrane Technology Enhancement for Environmental Protection and Sustainable Industrial Growth (Hardcover, 1st ed. 2021)
Zhien Zhang, Wenxiang Zhang, Mohamed Mehdi Chehimi
R3,373 Discovery Miles 33 730 Ships in 7 - 11 working days

This book presents a detailed discussion of the fundamentals and practical applications of membrane technology enhancement in a range of industrial processes, energy recovery, and resource recycling. To date, most books on the applications of membrane technology have mainly focused on gas pollution removal or industrial wastewater treatment. In contrast, the enhancement of various membrane processes in the areas of energy and the environment has remained largely overlooked. This book highlights recent works and industrial products using membrane technology, while also discussing experiments and modeling studies on the membrane enhancement process.

Valuing Corporate Innovation - Strategies, Tools, and Best Practice From the Energy and Technology Sector (Hardcover, 1st ed.... Valuing Corporate Innovation - Strategies, Tools, and Best Practice From the Energy and Technology Sector (Hardcover, 1st ed. 2018)
Gunther Friedl, Horst J. Kayser
R1,585 Discovery Miles 15 850 Ships in 7 - 11 working days

This book presents tools for valuing and controlling corporate innovation. It combines a well-established theoretical framework with case studies at Siemens that illustrate the practice of valuing and controlling innovation and underline the strong link between theoretical concepts and practical application. Innovation is a key factor determining the success of companies and since corporate innovation consumes large quantities of resources, the issue of how best to distribute these resources among different projects is crucial. For an optimal resource allocation, companies need valuation tools to assess the benefits, costs and risks of competing projects. The energy sector is an example of a market that is strongly driven by innovation, and as such the book describes the processes and the potential of digitalizing product development and outlines the valuation process for a long-term innovation project in this sector - the development of the latest Siemens gas turbine.

The Low Carbon Economy - Understanding and Supporting a Sustainable Transition (Hardcover, 1st ed. 2017): Polina Baranova,... The Low Carbon Economy - Understanding and Supporting a Sustainable Transition (Hardcover, 1st ed. 2017)
Polina Baranova, Elaine Conway, Nicola Lynch, Fred Paterson
R4,283 Discovery Miles 42 830 Ships in 7 - 11 working days

This edited collection explores the challenges and opportunities presented by the transition to a low carbon economy, and outlines the different approaches taken to ensure the sustainability of such a transition. Chapters explore the nature of the transformation from a 'brown' to 'green' economy, the importance of effective carbon measurement and management methodologies, the use of behaviour economics, and the application of a growth-enabling approach. Offering valuable insights into how various stakeholders respond to the challenges of green growth and focusing in particular on the support of universities, The Low Carbon Economy covers themes of leadership, systems approach, stakeholder management, and collaborative action. This comprehensive study provides readers with constructive ideas for maximising the opportunities of transitioning to a low carbon economy, and will serve as a useful tool for practitioners and academics interested in sustainability.

Technological Innovation for Resilient Systems - 9th IFIP WG 5.5/SOCOLNET Advanced Doctoral Conference on Computing, Electrical... Technological Innovation for Resilient Systems - 9th IFIP WG 5.5/SOCOLNET Advanced Doctoral Conference on Computing, Electrical and Industrial Systems, DoCEIS 2018, Costa de Caparica, Portugal, May 2-4, 2018, Proceedings (Paperback, Softcover reprint of the original 1st ed. 2018)
Luis M. Camarinha-Matos, Kankam O. Adu-Kankam, Mohammad Julashokri
R2,683 Discovery Miles 26 830 Ships in 7 - 11 working days

This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 9th IFIP WG 5.5/SOCOLNET Advanced Doctoral Conference on Computing, Electrical and Industrial Systems, DoCEIS 2018, held in Costa de Caparica, Portugal, in May 2018. The 30 revised full papers presented were carefully reviewed and selected from 74 submissions. The papers present selected results produced in engineering doctoral programs and focus on technological innovation for resilient systems. Research results and ongoing work are presented, illustrated and discussed in the following areas: collaborative systems, decision support systems, supervision systems, energy management, smart grids, sensing systems, electrical systems, simulation and analysis, monitoring systems, and energy distribution systems.

Energy Management-Collective and Computational Intelligence with Theory and Applications (Paperback, Softcover reprint of the... Energy Management-Collective and Computational Intelligence with Theory and Applications (Paperback, Softcover reprint of the original 1st ed. 2018)
Cengiz Kahraman, Gulgun Kayakutlu
R4,551 Discovery Miles 45 510 Ships in 7 - 11 working days

This book presents a selection of recently developed collective and computational intelligence techniques, which it subsequently applies to energy management problems ranging from performance analysis to economic analysis, and from strategic analysis to operational analysis, with didactic numerical examples. As a form of intelligence emerging from the collaboration and competition of individuals, collective and computational intelligence addresses new methodological, theoretical, and practical aspects of complex energy management problems. The book offers an excellent reference guide for practitioners, researchers, lecturers and postgraduate students pursuing research on intelligence in energy management. The contributing authors are recognized researchers in the energy research field.

Pricing and Forecasting Carbon Markets - Models and Empirical Analyses (Hardcover, 1st ed. 2017): Bangzhu Zhu, Julien Chevallier Pricing and Forecasting Carbon Markets - Models and Empirical Analyses (Hardcover, 1st ed. 2017)
Bangzhu Zhu, Julien Chevallier
R2,954 Discovery Miles 29 540 Ships in 7 - 11 working days

This book applies the multidisciplinary approaches of econometrics, statistics, finance and artificial intelligence for pricing and forecasting the carbon market in the context of managerial issues. It explores the related issues of pricing and forecasting the carbon market using theoretical models and empirical analyses, demonstrating how the carbon market, as a policy-based artificial market, is complex and influenced by both the market mechanisms and the external heterogeneous environments. By integrating the features of analytical systems, it offers insights to further our scientific understanding of the pricing mechanism and the variable laws governing the carbon market. Moreover, it lays a foundation for dealing with climate change in China and constructing a national carbon market there. Ultimately, it actively contributes to the energy saving and CO2 emission reduction promoted by the carbon market. The carbon market, represented by the European Union Emissions Trading System (EU ETS), is a cost-effective measure for tackling climate change. Furthermore, pricing and forecasting carbon market has been one of the research focuses in the fields of energy and climate change. As a policy tool of the trading mechanism, the carbon market offers a great institutional innovation for coping with climate change. Due to its multiple advantages including saving costs and environment protection, and political feasibility, more and more countries including China have applied the carbon market for carbon dioxide (CO2) emission reduction. Accurately understanding the pricing mechanism and mastering the fluctuating law of carbon market is essential to build a national carbon market for China.

Smart Markets for Water Resources - A Manual for Implementation (Hardcover, 1st ed. 2017): John F. Raffensperger, Mark W. Milke Smart Markets for Water Resources - A Manual for Implementation (Hardcover, 1st ed. 2017)
John F. Raffensperger, Mark W. Milke
R4,479 Discovery Miles 44 790 Ships in 7 - 11 working days

Why is trade in wholesale water so rare, when markets can actively trade bread, tractors, and electricity? This book shows that water markets fail because of high transaction costs, resulting in inefficient allocations and unpredictable environmental effects. To overcome these obstacles, this book proposes a trading mechanism called a smart market. A smart market is an auction cleared with optimization. A smart market can reduce the transaction costs of water trading, while improving the environmental outcomes. The authors show why a smart market for water is needed, how it would work, and how to implement it. The smart market described here uses a hydrology simulation of the water resource, user bids via the internet, and mathematical optimization, to maximize the economic value of water while meeting all environmental constraints. The book provides the background to understand the smart market for water, and the detail to help the reader start working on its application. The book explores topics such as: Why water should be more expensive near sensitive environmental locations, Ways to set initial allocations of water rights, The role of regulatory oversight, The prerequisites of a water market, and How to counter objections to water markets. The culmination of a decade of investigation, this book combines explanation, examples, and detail to inform policymakers, large water users, environmental organizations, researchers, and a thirsty public.

Modeling and Design of Flexible Pavements and Materials (Paperback, Softcover reprint of the original 1st ed. 2018): Dallas N.... Modeling and Design of Flexible Pavements and Materials (Paperback, Softcover reprint of the original 1st ed. 2018)
Dallas N. Little, David H. Allen, Amit Bhasin
R2,660 Discovery Miles 26 600 Ships in 7 - 11 working days

This textbook lays out the state of the art for modeling of asphalt concrete as the major structural component of flexible pavements. The text adopts a pedagogy in which a scientific approach, based on materials science and continuum mechanics, predicts the performance of any configuration of flexible roadways subjected to cyclic loadings. The authors incorporate state-of the-art computational mechanics to predict the evolution of material properties, stresses and strains, and roadway deterioration. Designed specifically for both students and practitioners, the book presents fundamentally complex concepts in a clear and concise way that aids the roadway design community to assimilate the tools for designing sustainable roadways using both traditional and innovative technologies.

Cooperative Synchronization in Distributed Microgrid Control (Paperback, Softcover reprint of the original 1st ed. 2017): Ali... Cooperative Synchronization in Distributed Microgrid Control (Paperback, Softcover reprint of the original 1st ed. 2017)
Ali Bidram, Vahidreza Nasirian, Ali Davoudi, Frank L. Lewis
R3,106 Discovery Miles 31 060 Ships in 7 - 11 working days

This book brings together emerging objectives and paradigms in the control of both AC and DC microgrids; further, it facilitates the integration of renewable-energy and distribution systems through localization of generation, storage and consumption. The control objectives in a microgrid are addressed through the hierarchical control structure. After providing a comprehensive survey on the state of the art in microgrid control, the book goes on to address the most recent control schemes for both AC and DC microgrids, which are based on the distributed cooperative control of multi-agent systems. The cooperative control structure discussed distributes the co-ordination and optimization tasks across all distributed generators. This does away with the need for a central controller, and the control system will not collapse in response to the outage of a single unit. This avoids adverse effects on system flexibility and configurability, as well as the reliability concerns in connection with single points of failure that arise in traditional, centralized microgrid control schemes. Rigorous proofs develop each control methodology covered in the book, and simulation examples are provided to justify all of the proposed algorithms. Given its extensive yet self-contained content, the book offers a comprehensive source of information for graduate students, academic researchers, and practicing engineers working in the field of microgrid control and optimization.

Heat and Mass Transfer (Paperback, Softcover reprint of the original 1st ed. 2017): Rajendra Karwa Heat and Mass Transfer (Paperback, Softcover reprint of the original 1st ed. 2017)
Rajendra Karwa
R3,365 Discovery Miles 33 650 Ships in 7 - 11 working days

This textbook presents the classical treatment of the problems of heat transfer in an exhaustive manner with due emphasis on understanding of the physics of the problems. This emphasis is especially visible in the chapters on convective heat transfer. Emphasis is laid on the solution of steady and unsteady two-dimensional heat conduction problems. Another special feature of the book is a chapter on introduction to design of heat exchangers and their illustrative design problems. A simple and understandable treatment of gaseous radiation has been presented. A special chapter on flat plate solar air heater has been incorporated that covers thermo-hydraulic modeling and simulation. The chapter on mass transfer has been written looking specifically at the needs of the students of mechanical engineering. The book includes a large number and variety of solved problems with supporting line diagrams. The author has avoided duplicating similar problems, while incorporating more application-based examples. All the end-of-chapter exercise problems are supplemented with stepwise answers. Primarily designed to serve as a complete textbook for undergraduate and graduate students of mechanical engineering, the book will also be useful for students of chemical, automobile, production, and industrial engineering streams. The book fully covers the topics of heat transfer coursework and can also be used as reference for students preparing for competitive graduate examinations.

Solar Light Harvesting with Nanocrystalline Semiconductors (Paperback, Softcover reprint of the original 1st ed. 2018):... Solar Light Harvesting with Nanocrystalline Semiconductors (Paperback, Softcover reprint of the original 1st ed. 2018)
Oleksandr Stroyuk
R2,560 Discovery Miles 25 600 Ships in 7 - 11 working days

This book explains the use of nanocrystalline semiconductors in the harvesting of energy from solar light. It introduces promising methodology and technology which may help to increase the efficiency of light harvesting - one of the major challenges on the way toward sustainable energy generation.The book starts with a general introduction to the photochemistry of semiconductor nanocrystals. In the introductory chapter, the author also provides a frank and critical discussion on perspectives and limitations of the photocatalytic processes for solar light conversion including a historical account on semiconductor photocatalysis. He discusses that (and also why) it is a long way from laboratory prototypes to real sustainable technologies.The following chapters outline the conversion of solar light energy in semiconductor nanophotocatalysis on the one hand, and to (electric) energy in nanocrystalline semiconductor-based solar cells on the other hand. Topics addressed include nanophotocatalytic hydrogen production, artificial photosynthesis, quantum-dot sensitized liquid-junction and bulk heterojunction solar cells. Perspectives and opportunities, but also bottlenecks and limitations are discussed and the novel systems compared with established technology, such as classical silicon solar cells. While readers in this way learn to understand the basics and get introduced to the current research in the field, the final chapter provides them with the necessary knowledge about methodology, both in synthesis and characterization of semiconductor nanophotocatalysts and semiconductor nanomaterials, including examples for the practice of photocatalytic experiments and the studies of semiconductor-based solar cells.

Energy, Information, Feedback, Adaptation, and Self-organization - The Fundamental Elements of Life and Society (Hardcover, 1st... Energy, Information, Feedback, Adaptation, and Self-organization - The Fundamental Elements of Life and Society (Hardcover, 1st ed. 2018)
Spyros G. Tzafestas
R6,247 Discovery Miles 62 470 Ships in 7 - 11 working days

This unique book offers a comprehensive and integrated introduction to the five fundamental elements of life and society: energy, information, feedback, adaptation, and self-organization. It is divided into two parts. Part I is concerned with energy (definition, history, energy types, energy sources, environmental impact); thermodynamics (laws, entropy definitions, energy, branches of thermodynamics, entropy interpretations, arrow of time); information (communication and transmission, modulation-demodulation, coding-decoding, information theory, information technology, information science, information systems); feedback control (history, classical methodologies, modern methodologies); adaptation (definition, mechanisms, measurement, complex adaptive systems, complexity, emergence); and self-organization (definitions/opinions, self-organized criticality, cybernetics, self-organization in complex adaptive systems, examples in nature). In turn, Part II studies the roles, impacts, and applications of the five above-mentioned elements in life and society, namely energy (biochemical energy pathways, energy flows through food chains, evolution of energy resources, energy and economy); information (information in biology, biocomputation, information technology in office automation, power generation/distribution, manufacturing, business, transportation), feedback (temperature, water, sugar and hydrogen ion regulation, autocatalysis, biological modeling, control of hard/technological and soft/managerial systems), adaptation and self-organization (ecosystems, climate change, stock market, knowledge management, man-made self-organized controllers, traffic lights control).

Design of Power-Efficient Highly Digital Analog-to-Digital Converters for Next-Generation Wireless Communication Systems... Design of Power-Efficient Highly Digital Analog-to-Digital Converters for Next-Generation Wireless Communication Systems (Hardcover, 1st ed. 2018)
Xinpeng Xing, Peng Zhu, Georges Gielen
R3,815 Discovery Miles 38 150 Ships in 7 - 11 working days

This book discusses both architecture- and circuit-level design aspects of voltage-controlled-oscillator (VCO)-based analog-to-digital converters (ADCs), especially focusing on mitigation of VCO nonlinearity and the improvement of power efficiency. It shows readers how to develop power-efficient complementary-metal-oxide-semiconductor (CMOS) ADCs for applications such as LTE, 802.11n, and VDSL2+. The material covered can also be applied to other specifications and technologies. Design of Power-Efficient Highly Digital Analog-to-Digital Converters for Next-Generation Wireless Communication Systems begins with a general introduction to the applications of an ADC in communications systems and the basic concepts of VCO-based ADCs. The text addresses a wide range of converter architectures including open- and closed-loop technologies. Special attention is paid to the replacement of power-hungry analog blocks with VCO-based circuits and to the mitigation of VCO nonline arity. Various MATLAB (R)/Simulink (R) models are provided for important circuit nonidealities, allowing designers and researchers to determine the required specifications for the different building blocks that form the systematic integrated-circuit design procedure. Five different VCO-based ADC design examples are presented, introducing innovations at both architecture and circuit levels. Of these designs, the best power efficiency of a high-bandwidth oversampling ADC is achieved in a 40 nm CMOS demonstration. This book is essential reading material for engineers and researchers working on low-power-analog and mixed-signal design and may be used by instructors teaching advanced courses on the subject. It provides a clear overview and comparison of VCO-based ADC architectures and gives the reader insight into the most important circuit imperfections.

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