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This book presents a unified and global view of macroeconomics, enabling students to see the connections between the short-run, medium-run, and long-run. The book is organised in a flexible manner around two central parts: A core and a set of three major extensions. The core provides students with a unified view of macroeconomics; The extensions offers increased depth on the subject matter; and current macroeconomic events are integrated into each chapter of the book within the text and detailed boxes. Each box shows students how they can use what they've learned to get an understanding of economics in the real-world. It offers an underlying model that draws the implications of equilibrium in three sets of markets: the goods market, the financial markets and the labour market. Features two chapters, "The crisis" and "Monetary policy" provide updated information. Focus boxes convey the life of macroeconomics today and reinforce the lessons from the models, making them more concrete and easier to grasp. South African data, examples and terminology are meaningfully integrated throughout the text. The chapter on exchange rates provides an accessible treatment of the topic, reinforcing an understanding of the concepts with South Africa in mind. Content on inflation, activity and nominal money growth from the 5th edition has been integrated into chapter 8.
This South African edition of Macroeconomics is essential reading for all students taking introductory economics modules on undergraduate courses throughout South Africa. It is also ideal for use with the macroeconomics component of MBA courses. The text contains updated case studies, set against a South African context to illustrate how the principles of economics relate to your life. The news articles are based on news events in South Africa along with questions to help you apply your knowledge and to build your understanding. This text is designed to give you the confidence and ability to think like an economist.
A lively and encouraging narrative connects economics to the world in a way that is familiar to students in this eight edition. Drawing on over 25 years of teaching experience, author Robert Sexton sticks to the basics and segments concepts into brief, visually appealing, self-contained sections that are easier to digest and retain. Thoughtfully placed section quizzes, interactive summaries, and problem sets help students check their comprehension at regular intervals and develop the critical thinking skills that will allow them to "think like economists." Combined with a complete teaching and learning package including online homework and flexible teaching options, Exploring Economics is sure to help ignite students' passion for the field and help them understand its practical application in the real-world.
Macroeconomics: Understanding the Global Economy, 3rd Edition is to help students and indeed anyone understand contemporary and past economic events that shape the world we live in, and at a sophisticated level. But it does so without focusing on mathematical techniques and models for their own sake. Theory is taken seriously so much so that the authors go to pains to understand the key aspects of theories in a way that will not put people off before they see how theories are useful to analyse issues. The authors believe that theories are essential to better understand the world, thus the book includes a wealth of historic and current episodes and data to both see how theories can help interpret the world and also to judge their validity. Economies today are very inter-connected; what happens in China matters pretty much everywhere; and what happens in one (even small) country in the euro zone has implications for the whole euro area and beyond, consequently Macroeconomics, 3rd Edition adopts a very international focus.
The dominant view in economics is that money and government should play only a minor role in economic life. Money, it is claimed, is more than a medium of exchange; and economic outcomes are best left to the 'invisible hand' of the market. Tracing the establishment of this orthodoxy and the challenges posed to it since the Great Depression of 1929-32, Robert Skidelsky shows how - unlike then - the 2008 global financial has not led to any new policy paradigm. Once the crisis had been overcome - by Keynesian measures taken in desperation - the pre-crash orthodoxy was reinstated, undermined but unbowed. No new 'big idea' has emerged, and orthodoxy has maintained its sway, enacting punishing austerity agendas that leave us with a still-anaemic global economy. This book aims to familiarise the reader with essential elements of Keynes's 'big idea'. By showing that much of economic orthodoxy is far from being the hard science it claims to be, it aims to embolden the next generation of economists to break free from their conceptual prisons and afford money and government the starring roles in the economic drama that they deserve.
THE TOP TEN BESTSELLER From the bestselling author of The Black Swan, a bold book that challenges many of our long-held beliefs about risk and reward, politics and religion, finance and personal responsibility Why should we never listen to people who explain rather than do? Why do companies go bust? How is it that we have more slaves today than in Roman times? Why does imposing democracy on other countries never work? The answer: too many people running the world don't have skin in the game. In his inimitable, pugnacious style, Nassim Nicholas Taleb shows that skin in the game applies to all aspects of our lives. It's about having something to lose and taking a risk. Citizens, lab experimenters, artisans, political activists and hedge fund traders all have skin in the game. Policy wonks, corporate executives, theoreticians, bankers and most journalists don't. As Taleb says, "The symmetry of skin in the game is a simple rule that's necessary for fairness and justice, and the ultimate BS-buster," and "Never trust anyone who doesn't have skin in the game. Without it, fools and crooks will benefit, and their mistakes will never come back to haunt them".
Tax has been a tool for political, economic and social power throughout history - it is as old as civilisation itself. But how and why are we taxed the way we are, and is now it time for a fundamental change? Daylight Robbery is a whirlwind journey through the story of tax from its roots in ancient Mesopotamia right through to today exploring questions including: * What part did tax play in the formations of our global religions? * Is there a tax story at the heart of every global revolution? * Did tax start prohibition? * How did has war shaped the way societies have been taxed? Frisby finds that we are stuck in a cycle of taxation that starts when a temporary tax is introduced and then increased over time, often repressing the population and restricting basic human rights, and ending in violent revolt and revolution. He argues that now is the time for a dramatically new and reformed tax system to avoid the same fate. "You can have a God, you can have a king, but the man to fear is the tax collector." Proverb, Ancient Mesopotamia (3100 BC)
Since the rational expectations revolution in macroeconomics, the subject has evolved in a major way, adopting the principles behind the revolution and building on them in spectacular fashion. In this thoroughly revised and updated second edition, the authors provide a complete and up-to-date textbook designed to guide students through the mathematical and conceptual maze of modern macroeconomics. The updated second edition includes: * Explanation of the historical development of the subject * Introduction to traditional macro-classical/adaptive expectations * Demonstration of how rational expectations are handled in macro models and in finance * An explanation of the importance of structural, micro-founded models * Key examples of structural models examined in detail, and with extension to the open economy * Discussion of policy implications throughout * Methodology for testing models against macro data behaviour, complete with the latest evidence on these models' success * Coverage of key topics, including the supply-side, unemployment, growth and the open economy. By explaining the basics of each topic, and providing the solid grounding for students to tackle more complex and detailed material, this textbook will be an invaluable resource for both postgraduate and upper level undergraduate students of macroeconomics alike.
From Nobel Prize-winning economist and bestselling author Joseph Stiglitz, this account of the dangers of free market fundamentalism reveals what has gone so wrong, but also shows us a way out. We all have the sense that our economy tilts toward big business, but as Joseph E. Stiglitz explains in People, Power and Profits, a few corporations have come to dominate entire sectors, contributing to skyrocketing inequality and slow growth. This is how the financial industry has managed to write its own regulations, tech companies have accumulated reams of personal data with little oversight, and government has negotiated trade deals that fail to represent the best interests of workers. Too many have made their wealth through exploitation of others rather than through wealth creation. If something isn't done, new technologies may make matters worse, increasing inequality and unemployment. Stiglitz identifies the true sources of wealth and increases in standards of living, based on learning, advances in science and technology, and the rule of law. He shows that the assault on the judiciary, universities, and the media undermines the very institutions that have long been the foundation of economic prosperity and democracy. Helpless though we may feel today, we are far from powerless. In fact, the economic solutions are often quite clear. We need to exploit the benefits of markets while taming their excesses, making sure that markets work for people and not the other way around. If enough rally behind this agenda for change, we can create a progressive capitalism that will recreate a shared prosperity. Stiglitz shows how a decent middle-class life can once again be attainable by all.
Why do economic variables change? So what if they do? What happens next? How do economic processes and policy institutions really work? What can policy do?
The answers are found in How To Think And Reason In Macroeconomics, a popular university text with very positive feedback from students, lecturers and practitioners. It combines well-informed intuitive understanding with solid economic theory plus a concrete understanding of South African economic processes, institutions and data. In this way it prepares you to analyse macroeconomic events and policies in a globalised and development context.
The book provides a thorough but concise exposure to macroeconomics to post school students as well as those studying economics for the first time. Following an introduction that gives an overview of macroeconomics as well as a brief discussion of the main macroeconomic problems that societies face, the book then looks at national income accounting and economic performance. The book looks at the unemployment problem. There is also a discussion of aggregate supply and demand theory, and the role of that theory in explaining the determinants of aggregate economic output and employment. The problem of inflation and is also discussed. The reality that the economies of most countries are interconnected with that of the rest of the world is discussed under open-economy. The book then discusses economic growth in both the short-run and the long run.
Macroeconomics is concerned with the economy as a whole. In
macroeconomics, we develop an overall view of the economic system
and we study total (or aggregate) economic behaviour. The emphasis
is on topics such as total production, income and expenditure,
economic growth, aggregate unemployment, the general price level,
inflation and the balance of payments. Macroeconomics is therefore
the world of totals.
See Economics in Action! In a world full of volatility, uncertainty and conflicting approaches, this market leading, concise text in introductory economics looks at the key economic issues of today and helps you make sense of them. This new edition has been updated with the most recent data and coverage of economic issues such as growth, unemployment, the environment, Brexit and behavioural economics. Its classic features and clear, engaging writing style are complemented by strong theoretical basis and a wealth of pedagogical features to support learning. Expect real-life examples, case studies, questions and problems to guide your understanding. Always up-to-date! The Sloman Economics News Site Make use of the leading student-friendly blog that's updated several times a month with news and topical stories, all linked to your textbook chapters, so you can understand current affairs more deeply. New! Access additional resources on the open Companion Website The website is full of supporting material such as threshold concepts, audio animations, case studies, web appendices, glossary, flashcards and answers to selected questions from the book. This book can also be supported by a premium homework and assessment system, MyLab Economics. Learn more inside.
Combining innovative treatment of macroeconomic concepts with the clearest presentation of long-run growth theory, Jones offers students an accessible and truly modern introduction to the field. With new primers, important updates on the aftermath of the great recession, and over 90 updated charts and tables, Macroeconomics, fourth edition, is the ideal text for exposing undergraduates to current perspectives at a level they can understand.
This important new book introduces students to the fundamental ideas of heterodox economics, presented in a clear and accessible way by top heterodox scholars. It offers not only a critique of the dominant approach to economics, but also a positive and constructive alternative. Students interested in an explanation of the real world will find the heterodox approach not only satisfying, but ultimately better able to explain a money-using economy prone to periods of instability and crises. Key features of this textbook include: * A non-conventional understanding of economic analysis on a number of relevant topics * Deep and convincing criticism of orthodox thinking * Discussion of the crucial importance of money, banking and finance today * Analysis of the roots of the 2008 global financial crisis * A presentation of the features of sustainable development. Students of economics at all levels can use this textbook to deepen their understanding of the heterodox approach, the fundamental roots of the 2008 global financial crisis and the need to rethink economics afresh.
The growing levels of income inequality, an explosion of global financial flows, and a worldwide decline of economic growth have combined to challenge accepted economic wisdom. Utilizing a heterodox approach, Pablo G. Bortz provides a fresh look for understanding the interaction between these three factors while identifying challenges and possible alternatives for an expansionary and progressive economic policy. Reviewing several schools of thought, Inequality, Growth and `Hot' Money explores the risks generated by capital flows and the limitations they impose on progressive economic policies. Professor Bortz then provides instruments and alternatives to pursue an expansionary and equalitarian program, including theoretical contributions to enrich heterodox and progressive economics. Standout features of this book include a review of the challenges that financial flows pose for developing countries; a redefinition of the role of capital controls; a policy approach that separates interest rate policies from a broader credit policy; and a rejection of the negative relationship between a more egalitarian income distribution and sustained economic expansion. Expanding the Kaleckian approach to include financial flows, this accessible introduction to heterodox growth models will be appreciated by graduate students and committed heterodox economists. Research departments at official institutions such as central banks may also be interested, specifically in the book's models and policy prescription.
A concise but clear introduction to economics in general and microeconomics in particular, within a South African context. Aimed at first-year students of economics at universities and universities of technology. Contents include the following: What economics is all about; important concepts, issues and relationships; demand, supply and prices; demand and supply in action; elasticity; the theory of demand: the utility approach; the theory of demand: the indifference approach; background to supply: production and cost; market structure 1: Overview and perfect competition; market structure 2: Monopoly and imperfect competition; the labour market.
Most macroeconomists agree that we live in the age of microfoundations. The recent worldwide financial crisis may have emboldened critics of this microfoundational orthodoxy, but it remains the dominant view that macroeconomic models must go beyond supply and demand functions to the level of individual decision-making, taking into account the general dynamic environment where agents live. Microfoundations Reconsidered seeks to reassess how the relationship of micro and macroeconomics evolved over time. The highly regarded contributors to the book argue that the standard narrative of microfoundations is likely to be unreliable. They therefore re-examine the history of the relationship of microeconomics and macroeconomics, starting from their emergence as self-consciously distinct fields within economics in the early 1930s. They seek to go beyond the conventional history that is often told and written by practicing economists. From different perspectives they challenge the association of microfoundations with Robert Lucas and rational expectations and offer both a more complete and a deeper reading of the relationship between micro and macroeconomics. Microfoundations Reconsidered is a valuable addition to the macroeconomic research literature. It is ideally suited to students, scholars, researchers, and practitioners with an interest in macro and microeconomics and the history of economics.
This groundbreaking new core textbook encourages students to take a more critical approach to the prevalent assumptions around the subject of macroeconomics, by comparing and contrasting heterodox and orthodox approaches to theory and policy. The first such textbook to develop a heterodox model from the ground up, it is based on the principles of Modern Monetary Theory (MMT) as derived from the theories of Keynes, Kalecki, Veblen, Marx, and Minsky, amongst others. The internationally-respected author team offer appropriate fiscal and monetary policy recommendations, explaining how the poor economic performance of most of the wealthy capitalist countries over recent decades could have been avoided, and delivering a well-reasoned practical and philosophical argument for the heterodox MMT approach being advocated. The book is suitable for both introductory and intermediate courses, offering a thorough overview of the basics, while covering everything needed for more advanced courses. Issues are explained conceptually, with the more technical, mathematical material in chapter appendices, offering greater flexibility of lecturer use.
Now you can truly visualize economics with the most student-friendly economics text on the market: Irvin Tucker's MACROECONOMICS FOR TODAY, 9E. Written by a national award-winning educator, MACROECONOMICS FOR TODAY clearly presents concepts using a writing style that is engaging and clear, no matter what your current level of economic understanding. A unique textual and visual learning system, colorful graphs, and causation chains clarify concepts. The book concisely presents and reinforces core concepts, then gives opportunities to immediately assess your comprehension. You study the latest economic information on economic growth, income distribution, federal deficits, environmental issues, and other developments in economics today with an engaging, easy-to-follow format that applies principles to everyday life. Numerous printed and online study tools, including a companion website, help you further master key principles in economics today.
This brand new EMEA edition of Robert Barro's popular text brings an EMEA perspective whilst also being fully updated to reflect the macroeconomics of a post-financial crisis world. Starting with long-run macroeconomics, this text explores some of the key theories and models in macroeconomics such as the Keynesian model and the business-cycle model, finishing with extending the equilibrium model to the open economy. This exciting new edition provides an accurate and unified presentation of current macroeconomic thought whilst maintaining Professor Barro's original vision for his textbook. This edition also comes with the optional extra of Aplia, a comprehensive online learning assessment tool with auto-graded randomised questions to test students' understanding.
A masterful introduction to the key ideas behind the successes "and failures "of free-market economics Since 1946, Henry Hazlitt (TM)s bestselling Economics in One Lesson has popularized the belief that economics can be boiled down to one simple lesson: market prices represent the true cost of everything. But one-lesson economics tells only half the story. It can explain why markets often work so well, but it can (TM)t explain why they often fail so badly "or what we should do when they stumble. As Nobel Prize "winning economist Paul Samuelson quipped, oeWhen someone preaches ~Economics in one lesson, (TM) I advise: Go back for the second lesson. In Economics in Two Lessons, John Quiggin teaches both lessons, offering a masterful introduction to the key ideas behind the successes "and failures "of free markets. Economics in Two Lessons explains why market prices often fail to reflect the full cost of our choices to society as a whole. For example, every time we drive a car, fly in a plane, or flick a light switch, we contribute to global warming. But, in the absence of a price on carbon emissions, the costs of our actions are borne by everyone else. In such cases, government action is needed to achieve better outcomes. Two-lesson economics means giving up the dogmatism of laissez-faire as well as the reflexive assumption that any economic problem can be solved by government action, since the right answer often involves a mixture of market forces and government policy. But the payoff is huge: understanding how markets actually work "and what to do when they don (TM)t. Brilliantly accessible, Economics in Two Lessons unlocks the essential issues at the heart of any economic question.
This title should be seen as the first building block of any Economics course. The content is organised in such a manner as to proceed logically towards an understanding of macroeconomics. Having studied the title, the student will know what the repo rate, the CPIX, and core inflation are. The student will understand how government debt originates, how it is financed, what its impact on financial markets is, and much more. This title serves as a reference on which students can fall back in years to come and it will stimulate an interest in economics.
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