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The Economic Impact of New Firms in Post-Socialist Countries analyses the emergence and contribution of new entrepreneurs in the transforming economies of Eastern Europe. Small firms and new enterprises are widely assumed to play an important role in the process of economic development and transformation. The contributors to this volume investigate how far small and newly founded enterprises have compensated for losses in employment and contributed to economic recovery in Eastern Europe. With analysis based on new empirical data, this extensive volume covers the situation in Russia, Estonia, Poland, Hungary, the Czech Republic, Bulgaria, Romania and Slovenia as well as East Germany. Issues covered include attempts to stimulate entrepreneurship, guidelines for successful bottom-up transformation and the prospects for new and small firms in Eastern Europe. The Economic Impact of New Firms in Post-Socialist Countries will be welcomed for its detailed, empirically-founded discussion of entrepreneurship, micro-level studies of transition, small business economics and comparative economic systems.
Productivity Change, Public Goods and Transaction Costs presents in one definitive volume a selection of Yoram Barzel's acclaimed articles and papers. It will improve access to his many important contributions and reveals how his research interests have evolved over more than three decades. Focusing upon issues in microeconomics, this volume features pathbreaking articles and papers on production functions and productivity, optimal timing, labour, public choice, industrial organization, demand analysis, and property rights and transaction costs. Key contributions featured in this collection include 'Some Observations on the Index Number Problem', 'An Alternative Approach to the Analysis of Taxation', 'An Economic Analysis of Slavery' and 'Measurement Cost and the Organization of Markets'. As an introduction to this volume, Professor Barzel has prepared an autobiographical sketch in which he discusses his education, the development of his ideas and influences such as Don Patinkin, Douglass North and Aaron Director.
Transaction cost economics began to take shape about 25 years ago. Although 25 years is comparatively young in the analytical scheme of things, numerous applications have been made and more are in prospect. Originally this work was intended to comprise of only one volume - it has however, evolved into two. Volume I deals with theory and concepts and volume II deals with applications and policy. This important two volume set contains a selection of key articles on transaction cost economics by distinguished scholars including Ronald Coase, Herbert Simon, Kenneth Arrow and Richard A. Posner. As well as addressing key areas such as private ordering and credibility, contracts and organization, internal organization, vertical integration and contracting, the editors have each compiled a new introduction to accompany the set.
The election of the Clinton administration in the United States and the debate in the European Community about the consequences of the industrial policy clause in the Maastricht treaty have put industrial policy back on the academic and political agenda again. This volume brings together the key articles on industrial policy, ranging from general theoretical perspectives and overviews of the literature to studies of the experience of particular countries, including Japan and the newly industrialising countries of East Asia. Four articles are concerned with the industrial programmes of the European Community. This is a comprehensive and authoritative compilation of work on a theme of interest to economists and political scientists.
This book examines the many ways in which economic concepts, theories and models can be used to examine issues in higher education. The topics explored in the book include how students make college-going decisions, the payoffs to students and society from going to college, markets for higher education services, demand and supply in markets for higher education, why and how state and federal governments intervene in higher education markets, college and university revenues and expenditures, how institutions use net-pricing strategies and non-price product-differentiation strategies to pursue their goals and to compete in higher education markets, as well as issues related to faculty labor markets. The book is written for both economists and non-economists who study higher education issues and provides readers with background information and thorough explanations and illustrations of key economic concepts. In addition to reviewing the contributions economists have made to the study of higher education, it also examines recent research in each of the major topical areas. The book is policy-focused and each chapter analyses how contemporary higher education policies affect the behaviour of students, faculty and/or institutions of higher education. "Toutkoushian and Paulsen attempted a daunting task: to write a book on the economics of higher education for non-economists that is also useful to economists. A book that could be used for reference and as a textbook for higher education classes in economics, finance, and policy. They accomplish this tough balancing act with stunning success in a large volume that will serve as the go-to place for anyone interested in the history and current thinking on the economics of higher education." William E. Becker, Jr., Professor Emeritus of Economics, Indiana University
THEORY AND APPLICATION OF INTERMEDIATE MICROECONOMICS, INTERNATIONAL EDITION offers an exceptionally clear and concise introduction to the economics of markets. This proven text uses a managerial focus and includes relevant applications and strong examples, with an algebraic approach, and emphasizes activities that allow you to learn by doing. Your purchase also includes two time-saving resources: access to InfoTrac (R) College Edition's online university library, and online study tools through Economic Applications! With Economic Applications, you'll have online access to study and review materials that will help you succeed in the course, and InfoTrac College Edition lets you save time, save money, and eliminate the trek to the library. Simply log in and access a library of more than 5,000 academic and popular magazines, newspapers, and journals.
The concept of quality measurement is revived and given new meaning in this innovative new book. Steven Payson argues that quality measurement is an important issue in the study of price indices and in the additional areas of product innovation and evolutionary change. The user-value definition of quality is forcefully defended against the producer-cost definition, and a new method of measurement is introduced - the representative good approach (RGA). The RGA provides a new means for measuring quality over long periods of time by examining historical documents. A discussion of evolutionary change lays the groundwork for the identification of two processes: quality improvement and cost reduction. Using data from the Sears Catalog, quality improvement and cost reduction rates are estimated for five goods between 1928 and 1993: shoes, sofas, gas ranges, window fans and air conditioners, and cameras. The results are dramatic, supporting ground-breaking hypotheses on the determinants of quality improvement and cost reduction.
This two-volume set provides 38 articles, the main contributions to product differentiation theory, from early works to recent advances. A taxonomy based on modern economic theory puts the papers into a new perspective. The resulting collection gives the reader the fundamental results in the field. Contributors include: B.C. Eaton, H. Hotelling, N. Kaldor, M. Mussa, S.C. Salop, A. Shaked, G.K. Yarrow.
This textbook provides a concise introduction to micro- and macroeconomics and demonstrates how economic tools and approaches can be used to analyze environmental issues. Written in an accessible style without compromising depth of the analysis, central issues in the public policy debate on environmental problems and environmental policy are discussed and analyzed from an economics perspective. The book is meant as an introductory (and in some parts intermediate) text for undergraduate students in environmental sciences without a background in economics. It also serves as a companion for economists interested in a presentation of the micro and macro foundations of environmental economics, in a nutshell. The second edition has been revised, updated and extended in may ways, for instance by adding a microeconomic section on environmental technical change, a discussion of the significance of technical change for a sustainable development and a considerably extended macroeconomic section on economic growth.
In this important and original book, Professor Sylos Labini offers an analysis of growth that is at once theoretical, historical and statistical. The central aim of neoclassical economics has been to discover the equilibrium values of prices, incomes, employment and production. Economic Growth and Business Cycles, by contrast, seeks to understand the logic behind the movement of these quantities over time. Drawing upon a tradition in economics which dates from Adam Smith, while making use of modern analytical techniques, Sylos Labini views the process of growth as central to economic theory. Economic growth is seen not as a systematic increase of output conceived as an homogeneous aggregate, but rather as a process of structural change, affecting the composition of employment and bringing about changes in market forms, output, income distribution and the system of prices. Economic Growth and Business Cycles will be welcomed by students and teachers of economics who wish to become acquainted with an original approach to the process of growth.
Esta excelente obra del gran autor Walter Nicholson suministra una excelente y clara introduccion a la economia de los mercados, con un enfoque gerencial y el uso de una perspectiva algebraica. Se incluye una amplia variedad de aplicaciones relevantes, ejemplos actuales y actividades de interes para que el lector aprenda haciendo.
Privatization and Economic Efficiency assesses the economic content of many of the beliefs surrounding privatization. It develops a new and novel inter-disciplinary approach linking economic and organizational dimensions. A series of case studies examines the theory, evidence and policy experience of privatization in developed and developing nations. These studies focus on the UK, US, Egypt and Jamaica. The book concludes that privatization is an appealingly simple phrase concealing many difficulties and problems for analysts, researchers and policymakers.
This major three volume work contains 54 key papers which reflect the invigoration, innovation and imagination that has characterized the field of microeconomics during the last 50 years. The selections range from literary treatments to the most advanced mathematical presentations. However all readers, regardless of their mathematical sophistication or methodological predilections, will find a large number of the papers interesting and worthwhile in giving an overview of the present state of microeconomics and providing guides to the literature of specialities of particular interest. Each one of these carefully structured volumes contains an introduction which offers the reader a brief discussion of the nature and significance of the contributions of each selection. Where worthwhile, cross references to other relevant selections are included in the summary. It is hoped that the reader's task will be aided materially by this systematization and concise discussions of the selections. This landmark book is an essential reference guide for professors, researchers and students concerned with the major innovations and advances in microeconomics.
This book uses an intersectional approach to analyze the impact of the experience of race on Afro-Brazilian political behavior in the cities of Salvador, Sao Paulo, and Rio de Janeiro. Using a theoretical framework that takes into account racial group attachment and the experience of racial discrimination, it seeks to explain Afro-Brazilian political behavior with a focus on affirmative action policy and Law 10.639 (requiring that African and Afro-Brazilian history be taught in schools). It fills an important gap in studies of Afro-Brazilian underrepresentation by using an intersectional framework to examine the perspectives of everyday citizens. The book will be an important reference for scholars and students interested in the issue of racial politics in Latin America and beyond.
Conventional economic theory assumes that consumers are fully rational, that they have well-defined preferences and easily understand the market environment. Yet, in fact, consumers may have inconsistent, context-dependent preferences or simply not enough brain-power to evaluate and compare complicated products. Thus the standard model of consumer behavior-which depends on an ideal market in which consumers are boundlessly rational-is called into question. While behavioral economists have for some time confirmed and characterized these inconsistencies, the logical next step is to examine the implications they have in markets. Grounded in key observations in consumer psychology, Bounded Rationality and Industrial Organization develops non-standard models of "boundedly rational" consumer behavior and embeds them into familiar models of markets. It then rigorously analyses each model in the tradition of microeconomic theory, leading to a richer, more realistic picture of consumer behavior. Ran Spiegler analyses phenomena such as exploitative price plans in the credit market, complexity of financial products and other obfuscation practices, consumer antagonism to unexpected price increases, and the role of default options in consumer decision making. Spiegler unifies the relevant literature into three main strands: limited ability to anticipate and control future choices, limited ability to understand complex market environments, and sensitivity to reference points. Although the challenge of enriching the psychology of decision makers in economic models has been at the frontier of theoretical research in the last decade, there has been no graduate-level, theory-oriented textbook to cover developments in the last 10-15 years. Thus, Bounded Rationality and Industrial Organization offers a welcome and crucial new understanding of market behavior-it challenges conventional wisdom in ways that are interesting and economically significant, and which in the end effect the well-being of all market participants.
This new edition of "The Blackwell Encyclopedia of Management:
Managerial Economics," has been expanded to include new entries
alongside the standard terms and concepts in managerial economics.
The globalization of the economy has become an irreversible, universally dominant trend. Industrialized and developing nations as well as countries in transformation have to face the challenge of building internationally competitive economic structures. One-sidedly liberalist economic policies do not lead to the emergence of systemic competitiveness. What is called for are active development strategies. But how are they to be implemented, and what is the state of the political governance capacity of societies in the context of the new world economy?
Economic concepts and techniques presented through a series of "big questions," models that show how to pose a questions rigorously and work toward an answer. This book helps readers master economic concepts and techniques by tackling fundamental economic and political questions through a series of models. It is organized around a sequence of "big questions," among them: When do markets help translate individuals' uncoordinated, selfish actions into outcomes that are best for all? Do markets change people, and, if so, for worse or better? Translated into the language of modern economics, do Marx's ideas have merit? Why is there so much income inequality? Or is there too little? The arguments are in the theorem-proof format, distinguishing results derived in the context of fully specified models from educated speculation. Readers will learn how to pose a question rigorously and how to work toward an answer, and to appreciate that even (especially!) the broadest and most ambitious questions call for a model. The goal of the book is not to indoctrinate but to show readers how to reason toward their own conclusions. The first chapter, on the Walrasian model of general equilibrium, serves as the prerequisite for the rest of the book. The remaining chapters cover less conventional topics, including the morality of markets; matching theory; Marxism, socialism, and the resilience of markets; a formalization of Kant's categorical imperative; unintended consequences of policy design; and theories of justice. The book can be used as a textbook for advanced undergraduate or graduate students or as a resource for researchers in disciplines that draw on normative economics.
This monograph is a formal account of the structure and organization of a large Japanese advertising agency. Based on a year's fieldwork in a Tokyo-based agency, the book presents a case study of an advertising campaign to outline the complex relations that exist between different divisions (Account, Planning, Marketing, Creative) within an advertising agency, and between the agency and the client, on the one hand, and the agency and media, on the other.
An introduction to advanced topics in microeconomics that emphasizes the intuition behind assumptions and results, providing examples that show how to apply theory to practice. This textbook offers an introduction to advanced microeconomic theory that emphasizes the intuition behind mathematical assumptions, providing step-by-step examples that show how to apply theoretical models. It covers standard topics such as preference relations, demand theory and applications, producer theory, choice under uncertainty, partial and general equilibrium, monopoly, game theory and imperfect competition, externalities and public goods, and contract theory; but its intuitive and application-oriented approach provides students with a bridge to more technical topics. The book can be used by advanced undergraduates as well as Masters students in economics, finance, and public policy, and by PhD students in programs with an applied focus. The text connects each topic with recent findings in behavioral and experimental economics, and discusses these results in context, within the appropriate chapter. Step-by-step examples appear immediately after the main theoretical findings, and end-of chapter exercises help students understand how to approach similar exercises on their own. An appendix reviews basic mathematical concepts. A separate workbook, Practice Exercises for Advanced Microeconomic Theory, offers solutions to selected problems with detailed explanations. The textbook and workbook together help students improve both their theoretical and practical preparation in advanced microeconomics.
An intuitive and grounded approach to economics Get students to think like economists using the latest policy and data while incorporating global issues. Microeconomics, 13th Edition builds on the foundation of the previous edition and retains a thorough and careful presentation of the principles of economics. The text emphasizes real-world applications, the development of critical-thinking skills, diagrams renowned for their pedagogy and clarity, and path-breaking technology. As a hallmark features in the chapter openings and endings encourage students to think critically about a news article relating to the issue, demonstrating how thinking like an economist can bring a clearer perspective to and deeper understanding of today's events. MyLabTM Economics not included. Students, if MyLab is a recommended/mandatory component of the course, please ask your instructor for the correct ISBN and course ID. MyLab should only be purchased when required by an instructor. Instructors, contact your Pearson rep for more information. MyLabTM is the teaching and learning platform that empowers you to reach every student. It is an online homework, tutorial, and assessment product designed to personalize learning and improve results. With a wide range of interactive, engaging, and assignable activities, students are encouraged to actively learn and retain tough course concepts. By combining trusted author content with digital tools and a flexible platform, MyLab personalizes the learning experience and improves results for each student.
Optimal Transport Methods in Economics is the first textbook on the subject written especially for students and researchers in economics. Optimal transport theory is used widely to solve problems in mathematics and some areas of the sciences, but it can also be used to understand a range of problems in applied economics, such as the matching between job seekers and jobs, the determinants of real estate prices, and the formation of matrimonial unions. This is the first text to develop clear applications of optimal transport to economic modeling, statistics, and econometrics. It covers the basic results of the theory as well as their relations to linear programming, network flow problems, convex analysis, and computational geometry. Emphasizing computational methods, it also includes programming examples that provide details on implementation. Applications include discrete choice models, models of differential demand, and quantile-based statistical estimation methods, as well as asset pricing models. Authoritative and accessible, Optimal Transport Methods in Economics also features numerous exercises throughout that help you develop your mathematical agility, deepen your computational skills, and strengthen your economic intuition. The first introduction to the subject written especially for economists Includes programming examples Features numerous exercises throughout Ideal for students and researchers alike
The exciting developments that have occurred in economic organisational theory, up until now discussed in technical journals, are made accessible to undergraduate students of Strategic Economics modules in a clearly structured format. With coverage of contemporary issues, authoritative references, numerous applications, exercises and problems - all accompanied by invaluable website-based resources - this book provides a sound introduction to economics, organization and management.
A Street economist's strategy for managing market madness
"A punchy and relevant book on our present distress that has, at
its core, one very big and useful idea."
"Heeding the lessons of the last few years, as documented in
this book, may help both financiers and government policy makers
find ways to reduce some future costs of capitalism without
sacrificing all the potential rewards."
" Barbera] challenges the blind faith in free markets."
"Barbera ... is] one of the few commentators actually saying
something interesting and innovative about the crisis."
""The Cost of Capitalism" is a must-read and a thoroughly
enjoyable one--for those who want to understand the Crisis of 2008
and hammer out a new framework for decision making."
"Readers who absorb the lessons of this book will be armed with
more than mere technique; they will acquire an attitude that will
make them better investors for the rest of their lives."
""The Cost of Capitalism" translates the economic diagnoses and
theories of my father, Hyman Minsky. It captures the vivacity of a
post dinner conversation not coincidentally my father's favorite
forum for elaborating, educating, and entertaining."
"Lucid, intriguing, brilliant Barbera combines the uncertainty
and speculation of Keynes with Schumpeter's "Creative Destruction"
and Hy Minsky's "Deflationary Destruction" into a tasty
"Long ago, Bob taught me that if you don't know Minsky, you
don't know nothing. This work shows the path out of
"Barbera's recommendations are profound in their simplicity. Let
us hope Wall Street, Main Street, Washington, and academia embrace
"This is truly an extraordinary book that should be of great
interest to an extremely wide audience from Wall Street
practitioners to economics and finance scholars."
From the panic of 1987 to the tech-bubble burst of 2000, the past two decades have witnessed a series of financial crises, each more disruptive than the last. Unfortunately, they all seem like dress rehearsal for today's debacle.
In hindsight, the precipitating factors responsible for each crisis seem clear, yet, in every case, mainstream economists and policy makers were caught off guard.
Why didn't they see it coming? What should they have known but didn't? And, most critically, how must they adjust their thinking going forward?
In the "Cost of Capitalism," Robert Barbera provides compelling answers to all these questions. In the process, he offers the most cogent analysis yet of today's crisis and explains how to manage the ever present potential for mayhem intrinsic to free market economies without stunting innovation and growth.
At the core of Barbera's thinking are three assumptions: first, boom and bust cycles have been stoked since 1985 by finance, not inflation; second, Main Street stability paradoxically invites excessive risk taking on Wall Street; and last, these things set the stage for small setbacks to deliver cataclysmic consequences.
Barbera applauds current efforts to unabashedly infuse public money into the global economy. It's the only way, he says, to prevent another Great Depression. And, looking beyond the crisis of the moment, Barbera contends that mainstream thinkers need to form a new economic paradigm by embracing the insights of free market champions like Joseph Schumpeter and the cautionary wisdom of Hyman Minsky.
Financial market mayhem comes with the territory in a free market system. Nonetheless, innovators and their bankers still offer the world the best chance for a prosperous twenty-first century. Economists, policymakers, and investors must begin to redefine their understanding of free market capitalism. "The Cost of Capitalism" will set them on that course.
See Economics in Action! In a world full of volatility, uncertainty and conflicting approaches, this market leading, concise text in introductory economics looks at the key economic issues of today and helps you make sense of them. This new edition has been updated with the most recent data and coverage of economic issues such as growth, unemployment, the environment, Brexit and behavioural economics. Its classic features and clear, engaging writing style are complemented by strong theoretical basis and a wealth of pedagogical features to support learning. Expect real-life examples, case studies, questions and problems to guide your understanding. Always up-to-date! The Sloman Economics News Site Make use of the leading student-friendly blog that's updated several times a month with news and topical stories, all linked to your textbook chapters, so you can understand current affairs more deeply. New! Access additional resources on the open Companion Website The website is full of supporting material such as threshold concepts, audio animations, case studies, web appendices, glossary, flashcards and answers to selected questions from the book. This book can also be supported by a premium homework and assessment system, MyLab Economics. Learn more inside.
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