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This Handbook presents insights from the expanding field of behavioral economics. The unique collective volume integrates behavioral concepts into the study of industrial organization to enhance understanding and interest in the subject. The Handbook of Behavioral Industrial Organization explores critical topics such as relative thinking, salience, shrouded attributes, overconfidence, status quo bias, identity and motivated reasoning (including cognitive dissonance and confirmation bias). The chapters link these behavioral concepts to industrial organization and consider multiple industries in order to present a well-rounded and composite approach. Additional chapters focus on industry issues such as those relating to the sports and gambling industries, neuroeconomic studies of brands and advertising, and behavioral antitrust law. Throughout the Handbook, authors use a variety of research methods such as literature surveys, experimental and econometric research and theoretical modelling, making the chapters accessible to a wide audience. Researchers, academics and economists in the fields of behavioral economics, industrial organization, regulation and consumer psychology will find this book stimulating and useful.
Concentrates on the seven countries which between them (excluding South Africa) account for 60 per cent of total manufacturing in sub-Saharan Africa. The contributors look at the role of manufacturing and industry in the development of these countries, arguing that future prosperity could be enhanced by a three-pronged approach to industrialisation. Published in association with the ODI
Most of today's decision makers will be dead before the planet suffers the full consequences of acid rain, global warning, ozone depletion, widespread desertification, and species loss. Most of today's young voters, however, will be alive.
In this, perhaps the most important document of the decade on the future of the world, the urgency of changing certain policy decisions, some of which threaten the very survival of the human race, is made abundantly clear.
The World Commission on Environment and Development, headed by Gro Harlem Brundtland, Prime Minister of Norway, was set up as an independent body in 1983 by the United Nations. Its brief was to re-examine the critical environment, to develop proposals to solve them, and to ensure that human progress will be sustained through development without bankrupting the resources of future generations.
In Our Common Future, the Commission serves notice that the time has come for a marriage of economy and ecology, so that governments and their people can take responsibility not just for environmental damage, but for the policies that cause the damage. It is not too late to change these policies; but, it warns, we must act now.
Noch ein mikrooekonomisches Lehrbuch? Oftmals wird die Mikrotheorie als Sammelsurium von abstrakten Rechen- geln dargestellt. Durch diese "Liebe zum mathematischen Detail" verliert der Studierende jedoch meist den Blick fur das Wesentliche: die Konzepte und die Methodik, die die Mikrotheorie zur Erklarung von Marktwirtschaften l- fert. Ziel dieses Buches ist es deshalb, einmal den entgegengesetzten Weg zu gehen. Von Anfang an steht die folgende umfassende Fragestellung im Bre- punkt des Buches: Warum beobachtet man in privaten Marktwirtschaften, in denen jeder unabhangig voneinander und nach eigenen Interessen handelt, kein Chaos, sondern einen Zustand, der an ein Gleichgewicht erinnert? Diese zentrale Frage wird in diesem Buch auf unterschiedlichem Detaillierungsgrad beantwortet. Schliesslich wird dann das mikrooekonomische Totalmodell einer geschlossenen Volkswirtschaft eine Erklarung liefern. Die Grundzuge der analytischen Mikrooekonomie ?nden im Buch Grundzuge der analytischen Makrooekonomie (HensundStrub) ihreWeiterentwi- lung. Diese Verbindung zwischen Mikro- und Makrooekonomie ist ein weiteres Argument fur die Verfassung eines neuen Lehrbuches. Was dieses Buch kennzeichnet In Teil I des Buches wird ein oekonomisches Gesamtmodell stufenweise a- gebaut. In jedem Schritt - Robinson-OEkonomie - zwei Guter - drei Guter - beliebig viele Konsumenten und Produzenten - beliebig viele Guter - wird jeweils eine geschlossene Volkswirtschaft im Gesamtbild analysiert, statt die Aufmerksamkeit des Lesers ausschliesslich auf einen Teilmarkt zu lenken. VIII Vorwort Das ursprunglich grob gerasterte Bild verfeinert sich also zum mikrooeko- misch-detailgetreuen Bild der privaten Marktwirtschaft, und der Leser kann das Gesamtbild derselben schon ab dem ersten Schritt erkennen.
This volume is a history of economics - as it was interpreted, discussed and established as a discipline - in the 20th century. It highlights the pluralism of the discipline and brings together leading voices in the field who reflect on their lifelong work. The chapters draw on a host of traditions of economic thought, including pre-classical, classical, Marxian, neoclassical, Sraffian, post-Keynesian, Cantabrigian and institutionalist traditions in economics. Further, the volume also looks at the history of economics in India and its evolution as a discipline since the country's independence. This book will appeal to students, researchers and teachers of economics and intellectual history, as well as to the interested general reader.
The Third Edition continues to supply the building blocks of microeconomic analysis: a thorough treatment of optimization and equilibrium methods, coupled with numerous examples of their application. The Third Edition expands on the earlier editions in two ways. First, the coverage has been rewritten and rearranged. Second, chapters have been added on game theory, oligopoly, asset markets, and information economics. The new chapters fully update the text, highlighting significant developments of the last decade at a level that is accessible for first-year graduate students.
This Brief identifies and contrasts the groups of National Basketball Association (NBA) expansion franchises and of any teams that relocated from one metropolitan area or city to another from 1950 to 2013. It discusses historical differences and similarities in the teams' markets and performances and then as members of divisions and conferences. It measures and compares the emergence, development, and success of the teams by analyzing demographic, economic and sport-specific data. It also discusses the respective mergers of the Basketball Association of America and National Basketball League in 1949, and the American Basketball Association and National Basketball Association in 1976. National Basketball Association Strategies makes an important, relevant, and useful contribution to the literature regarding professional sports operations and to the NBA's short and long run business strategies in American culture. Besides numerous sports fans within metropolitan areas and extended markets of these NBA teams, the book's audiences are sports historians and researchers, college and public libraries, and current and potential NBA franchise owners and team executives. This Brief may also be used as a reference or supplemental text for college and university students enrolled in such applied undergraduate and graduate courses and seminars as sports administration, sports business, and sports management.
The purpose of this contributed volume is to consider how global consumption patterns will develop in the next few decades, and what the consequences of that development will be for the economy, policymakers, and society at large. In the long run, the extent to which economic growth translates into better living conditions strongly depends on how rising affluence and new technologies shape consumer preferences. The ongoing rise in household income in developing countries raises some important questions: Will consumption patterns always continue to expand in the same manner as we have witnessed in the previous two centuries? If not, how might things evolve differently? And what implications would such changes hold for not only our understanding of consumption behavior but also our pursuit of more sustainable societies?
Public Finance and Public Choice provides a solid foundation in
contemporary public economics, analysing different theoretical
approaches and contextualising the theory with relevant and
up-to-date examples. The authors have retained the focus on the
public choice school of thought in this new edition and have also
added an emphasis on behavioural public finance. The comprehensive
nature of the analysis, coupled with the intuitive diagrammatic
approach, ensures that students using this book gain a thorough
understanding of the subject.
Non-communicable diseases have surpassed infectious diseases as the leading cause of morbidity and mortality in developed countries. Prevention and treatment of the causes and consequences of lifestyle-related diseases forms an important part of health policy in the twenty-first century. Public health economics - from quantifying the problem, to evaluating interventions and developing toolkits to assist decision makers - is an essential area for any postgraduate student and researcher with an interest in applied economics to understand. There are a wide range of techniques from mainstream economics and health economics that can be applied to the evaluation of public health policy and public health issues. In this book, Brown presents examples from developed countries to illustrate how economic tools can be applied to public health. Further, cross-country comparisons illustrate how contextual factors related to healthcare systems, demographics and environmental factors may impact on outcomes and the cost-effectiveness of public health policies, in order to aid understanding and help students apply theory into practice.
In recent decades the American economy has experienced the worst peace-time inflation in its history and the highest unemployment rate since the Great Depression. These circumstances have prompted renewed interest in the concept of business cycles, which Joseph Schumpeter suggested are "like the beat of the heart, of the essence of the organism that displays them." In The American Business Cycle, some of the most prominent macroeconomics in the United States focuses on the questions, To what extent are business cycles propelled by external shocks? How have post-1946 cycles differed from earlier cycles? And, what are the major factors that contribute to business cycles? They extend their investigation in some areas as far back as 1875 to afford a deeper understanding of both economic history and the most recent economic fluctuations. Seven papers address specific aspects of economic activity: consumption, investment, inventory change, fiscal policy, monetary behavior, open economy, and the labor market. Five papers focus on aggregate economic activity. In a number of cases, the papers present findings that challenge widely accepted models and assumptions. In addition to its substantive findings, The American Business Cycle includes an appendix containing both the first published history of the NBER business-cycle dating chronology and many previously unpublished historical data series.
It is impossible to understand modern economics without knowledge of the basic tools of gametheory and mechanism design. This book provides a graduate-level introduction to the economic modeling of strategic behavior. The goal is to teach Economics doctoral students the tools of game theory and mechanism design that all economists should know.
Exam Board: OCR Level: A-Level Subject: Economics First Teaching: September 2015 First Exam: Summer 2016 Create confident, numerate and well-prepared students with skills-focused, topic-specific workbooks. - Prepare students to meet the demands of the 2015 OCR A-Level Economics specification by practising exam technique and developing literary and numeracy skills - Supplement key resources such as textbooks to adapt easily to existing schemes of work - Reinforce and apply topic understanding with flexible material for classwork or revision - Create opportunities for self-directed learning and assessment with answers to tasks and activities supplied online
During our lifetime we experience any number of business cycle crises which undermine our confidence and lead many to their ruin. We also experience the 'happy days' when our faith in the future becomes almost limitless, and when we forget that tides always turn again. So how can we better understand and predict these cycles?
To answer these questions Lars Tvede takes us through a story that moves back in time to the Scottish gambler and financial genius, John Law, and then on to the distracted Adam Smith, the stockbroker Ricardo, the investment banker Thornton, the extrovert Schumpeter, the speculator Gould and many others to trace the theory and reality of business cycles, as it has evolved over 300 years. Gradually we reach the computer jugglers of the modern day who, with giant networks of equations, try to solve the same questions that have attracted the attention of classical economists throughout the centuries.
Lars Tvede concludes this historical journey with a summary of what the core of the problem is and how modern understanding of business cycles can be used to forecast economic fluctuations.
The final sections of the book provide detailed studies and explanations to of how stocks, bonds, hedge funds, private equity funds, gold, diamonds, exchange rates, real estate, commodities, art and collectibles, and numerous sub-sectors of some of these markets each behave over different categories of business cycles.
The study of natural resource extraction in resource-rich countries
often shows that plunder, rather than prosperity, has become the
norm. Management of natural resources differs widely in every
state; a close examination of the decision making chains in various
states highlights the key principles that need to be followed to
avoid distortion and dependence.
Personal consumption accounts for two thirds of GDP, yet recent economic events have emphasised our limited ability to translate consumption patterns into policy. Steven Silver analyses this understudied area, exploring the network memberships that emerge from our everyday lives, and the consumption patterns these create.
The quick recovery of Asian economies from the recent global recession can be partly attributed tothe effect of positive aggregate-demand externalitiesin their self-employment sectors, which are overwhelmingly large in these economies. This book undertakes a behavioural analysis of self-employing producers to lay a microeconomic foundation for this effect, particularly in cases where markets are not perfectly competitive, as is the case during aggregate economic contractions. Where some marketsare not perfectly competitive, the market prices and rates fail to be relevant and internal prices and rates are instead formed toaid theorganization of family firm and consumption choice. The effects of these externalitiesare explored in this volume; the authors undertake a detailed analysis of records of labour force surveys, national incomes and product accounts of selected economies.
The ideal review for your microeconomics course
More than 40 million students have trusted Schaum's Outlines for their expert knowledge and helpful solved problems. Written by renowned experts in their respective fields, Schaum's Outlines cover everything from math to science, nursing to language. The main feature for all these books is the solved problems. Step-by-step, authors walk readers through coming up with solutions to exercises in their topic of choice. 896 solved problems Outline format supplies a concise guide to the standard college course in microeconomics Clear, concise explanations of all Microeconomics concepts Complements and supplements the major microeconomics textbooks Appropriate for the following courses: Principles of Microeconomics, Intermediate Microeconomics, Introduction to Economics, Microeconomic Theory
This book covers microeconomic theory at the Master's and Ph.D levels for students in business schools and economics departments. It concisely covers major mainstream microeconomic theories today, including neoclassical microeconomics, game theory, information economics, and contract theory. The revamped, 3rd edition of "Microeconomic Theory" offers faculty, graduate and upper undergraduate students with a comprehensive curriculum solution.
The Economics of Crime presents a review of economic scholarly research in the ever-growing field of crime and punishment. Without using graphs or mathematical equations, Winter combines theory and empirical evidence relating to public policy concerns over a wide range of controversial topics such as the death penalty, racial bias in the criminal justice system, gun control, the war on drugs, fines versus imprisonment, policing tactics, and shaming punishments. In addition to offering an updated and expanded coverage of these, and other topics, this second edition is more international in scope, with the inclusion of studies that use data from Italy, Australia, the U.K., Singapore, Brazil, and others. Also included is a brand-new chapter on the application of behavioral economics to crime and punishment, providing readers with a succinct introduction to this modern and increasingly important approach to economic issues. By requiring no previous knowledge of economics, this book continues to be the perfect choice for students new to the study of economics and public policy, whether it is in the discipline of economics, political science, criminology, law, or any other field that is concerned with issues in crime and punishment. Furthermore, due to its accessibility, The Economics of Crime can be enjoyed by anyone who follows current public policy debate over some of society's most contentious issues.
New technology is revolutionizing broadcasting markets. As the cost of bandwidth processing and delivery fall, information-intensive services that once bore little economic relationship to each other are now increasingly related as substitutes or complements. Television, newspapers, telecoms and the internet compete ever more fiercely for audience attention. At the same time, digital encoding makes it possible to charge prices for content that had previously been broadcast for free. This is creating new markets where none existed before. How should public policy respond? Will competition lead to better services, higher quality and more consumer choice - or to a proliferation of low-quality channels? Will it lead to dominance of the market by a few powerful media conglomerates? Using the insights of modern microeconomics, this book provides a state-of-the-art analysis of these and other issues by investigating the power of regulation to shape and control broadcasting markets.
Health in later life is shaped by behavior and policies over the life course and reflects the differences between the societies in which we are ageing. This multidisciplinary book answers questions from all life course phases and its interconnections from a European perspective based on the most recent SHARE data, such as: How is our health related to personality traits and influenced by our childhood conditions and careers? Which role does our social network play? Which impacts of the different health care and societal regimes can we trace at older ages? Which are the differences and similarities across European countries?
What does the movie Lion tell us about why some societies grow rich and others remain poor? What can the global box office juggernaut, Jurassic World tell us about entrepreneurs and the ethics of business? Can the movie Passengers give us insight into human motivation and decision making? This book surveys more than 40 movies to answer these questions and much more. Movies do more than entertain. They project important insights, often unintentional, into the way the world works and the values society cares about. Indeed, their stories are often grounded in the real-world experiences of everyday people. As part of this, movies also provide a window into understanding and evaluating economic behavior. Economics is, after all, the study of how scarce resources like labor, capital, and technology are used to improve (or reduce) our welfare. It also helps us to more fully understand the consequences in our lives that result from those choices and decisions. Through exploring a wide range of films from Passengers to Victoria and Abdul, this book delves into economic concepts such as opportunity costs, profit maximization, greed, business ethics, monopoly, economic growth, and entrepreneurship. Contemporary Film and Economics is a must read for anyone interested in how movies project and interpret economic ideas, craft popular narratives for how economies operate, and explore motivations for economic behavior. Economists will find it useful in starting discussions on key concepts, while filmmakers will find the discussions of economic concepts a provocative way of thinking about how to craft engaging stories that are grounded in practical experience.
The Microeconomics of Wellbeing and Sustainability: Recasting the Economic Process explores the civil economy tradition in economic thought. Gaining increasing consensus worldwide, this alternative-not heterodox-view of the economic process and agents explains how modern economics is placing increasing emphasis on the determinants of subjective wellbeing and environmental sustainability. With support from behavioral economics, this book makes a foundational contribution that will help users better understand and prepare for future economic challenges.
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