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Natural Gas Pipeline Regulation in the United States provides a detailed economic overview of these regulations and reviews the relevant economic and policy literature that has tracked the evolution and regulation of the U.S. gas transmission market over the past century. Section 2 provides a detailed history of U.S. federal regulation of interstate gas pipelines, highlighting the most impactful regulatory changes and discussing both the immediate and lasting effects they had on the market. It shows how specific regulatory measures were critical in helping the nascent and integrated natural gas extraction and transmission industry establish itself as a cornerstone of the U.S. energy portfolio, and how these same regulations, after the industry had grown, resulted in severe market distortions. In response to these distortions and to increase market competition, the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) issued Order 636 in 1992, mandating that the U.S. natural gas industry be fully restructured into separate production, transportation, and distribution sectors. A wealth of economic and policy literature has since analyzed the impacts of Order 636, both on the behavior of pipeline operators specifically and on the U.S. natural gas market. Section 3 provides a thorough review of this literature and discusses the current industry structure that has emerged. It also includes a detailed explanation of FERC's current rate setting methodology for gas pipelines, a discussion of the "primary" and "secondary" markets for natural gas transmission and FERC's formal capacity release system, and a brief review of several important non-price regulations faced by pipeline operators. Finally, Section 4 discusses the future of regulation in the gas pipeline industry, offering predictions and recommendations to policy makers and pipeline operators regarding the likely direction of regulatory changes. A growing body of economic literature now praises the benefits of transitioning away from rate-of-return regulation in infrastructure-intensive industries, in favour of more flexible `incentive-based' regulatory models and the authors discuss the likelihood and implications of a move toward incentive-based regulation in the U.S. gas pipeline industry.
Solutions and detailed explanations for odd-numbered end-of-chapter exercises (107 problems) in Felix Munoz-Garcia's Advanced Microeconomic Theory. Felix Munoz-Garcia's Advanced Microeconomic Theory provides examples and exercises that help students understand how to apply theoretical models and offers tools for approaching similar problems on their own. This workbook provides solutions and step-by-step explanations for the odd-numbered exercises (107 problems in total). The answer key and detailed explanations emphasize the economic intuition behind the mathematical assumptions and results and, in combination with the textbook, enable students to improve both their theoretical and practical preparation.
Game theory explores situations in which agents interact strategically and provides a useful foundation for studying many traditional industrial organization topics. This approach has also enabled the emergence of new areas of enquiry including law and economics, networks, the digital economy, auctions, experimental game theory and many others. This second volume of the Handbook includes original contributions by experts in the field. It provides up-to-date surveys of the most relevant applications of game theory to industrial organization. The book covers both classical and industrial organization topics such as mergers in markets with homogeneous and differentiated goods, leniency and coordinated effects in cartels and mergers, static and dynamic contests, consumer search and product safety, strategic delegation, platforms and network effects, auctions, environmental and resource economics, intellectual property, healthcare, corruption, experimental industrial organization, and empirical models of research and development. Authoritative and engaging, this unique Handbook will be an indispensable resource for all serious academics, researchers and students of industrial economics and game theory.
This clear and balanced introduction to welfare economics reflects the most recent advances in the field. Designed for third-year undergraduate and graduate courses, it offers an extensive treatment of both the theory of welfare economics and the techniques for applying that theory to real problems.
The first part of the book presents a synthesis of the theory. Starting from the premise that the purpose of theory is to provide criteria for ordering alternative economic states, the authors analyse the relationship between individual and social orderings. They discuss the conditions of Pareto efficiency and optimality as well as the ways in which market economies may fail to achieve a Pareto optimal allocation of resources. They go on to evaluate the theory of social welfare functions, paying particular attention to recent developments.
The second part of the book considers the principles of applied welfare economics. Developing the use of the compensating variation as their main tool, the authors discuss welfare change measurement in single-person and many-person economies. In the final chapter they survey the recent literature on cost-benefit analysis.
Governments in Greater China (Mainland, Taiwan, Hong Kong, and Singapore) are striving to create higher valueadded -- and homegrown --products, services, and technologies. No longer satisfied with China's role as the "world's factory," the Chinese government calls its effort "Independent Innovation." Likewise, Taiwanese firms are endeavoring to become global architects of many products, and Hong Kong and Singapore are rising to similar challenges. This book addresses topics at the heart of these efforts: - What specific actions are Greater China's governments taking to advance their respective competencies? - How do foreign firms bring technologies to them? - How adequate are the pools of talent and how are they changing? - What do patent and publication data tell us about trends in science and technology? - Why are China's research institutes being reorganized? - What has made a small set of hightech regions so productive? The authors, leading scholars and business people from Greater China, the United States, and Europe, offer valuable insights into the region's transition from workshop of the world to wellspring of innovation.
The field of behavioural economics can tell us a great deal about cognitive bias and unconscious decision-making, challenging the orthodox economic model whereby consumers make rational and informed choices. But it is in the arena of health that it perhaps offers individuals and governments the most value. In this important new book, the most pernicious health issues we face today are examined through a behavioral economic lens. It provides an essential and timely overview of how this growing field of study can reframe and offer solutions to some of the biggest health issues of our age. The book opens with an overview of the core theoretical concepts, after which each chapter assesses how behavioral economic research and practice can inform public policy across a range of health issues. Including chapters on tobacco, alcohol and drug use, physical activity, dietary intake, cancer screening and sexual health, the book integrates the key insights from the field to both developed and developing nations. Also asking important ethical questions around paternalism and informed choice, this book will be essential reading for students and researchers across psychology, economics and business and management, as well as public health professionals wishing for a concise overview of the role behavioral economics can potentially play in allowing people to live healthier lives.
From the reviews: "The huge literature in risk theory has been carefully selected and supplemented by personal contributions of the author, many of which appear here for the first time. The result is a systematic and very readable book, which takes into account the most recent developments of the field. It will be of great interest to the actuary as well as to the statistician . . ." -- Math. Reviews Vol. 43
"Data-driven systems for revenue optimization have transformed the
transportation and hospitality industries, and are increasingly
important in many other sectors of the global economy. Drawing on
his unparalleled knowledge of current business practice, Bob
Phillips has written the first book on this important subject that
is both intellectually rigorous and accessible to a broad business
audience--one that communicates clearly both the how and the why of
scientific pricing and revenue optimization. It will be the
definitive sourcebook for years to come." --J. Michael Harrison,
Many instructors of microeconomic theory have been waiting for a text that provides balanced and in-depth analysis of the essentials of microeconomics. Masterfully combining the results of years of teaching microeconomics at Harvard, Andreu Mas-Colell, Michael Whinston, and Jerry Green have filled that conspicuous vacancy with their groundbreaking text, Microeconomic Theory. The authors set out to create a solid organizational foundation upon which to build the effective teaching tool for microeconomic theory--the result presents unprecedented depth of coverage in all the essential topics, while allowing professors to "tailor-make" their course to suit personal priorities and style. Topics such as noncooperative game theory, information economics, mechanism design, and general equilibrium under uncertainty receive the attention that reflects their stature within the discipline. The authors devote an entire section to game theory alone, making it "free-standing" to allow instructors to return to it throughout the course when convenient. Discussion is clear, accessible, and engaging, enabling the student to gradually acquire confidence as well as proficiency. Extensive exercises within each chapter help students to hone their skills, while the text's appendix of terms, fully cross-referenced throughout the previous five sections, offers an accessible guide to the subject matter's terminology. Teachers of microeconomics need no longer rely upon scattered lecture notes to supplement their textbooks. Deftly written by three of the field's most influential scholars, Microeconomic Theory brings the readability, comprehensiveness, and versatility to the first-year graduate classroom that has long been missing.
"Teachers and students alike will be thanking Lee Friedman for accomplishing what all too few textbook authors do: breathing the vibrant life of practical examples into the abstract principles of economic analysis. This book links sound economic theory to scores of policy problems, presented in rich institutional detail. It will engage, enlighten, and captivate participants in both public policy and mainline economics courses for years to come."--Henry J. Aaron, Brookings Institution
"Getting the economics right is one of the first tasks to getting public policy right. In Lee Friedman's new text, we now have the thorough and thoughtful treatment we need to train the next generation of policymakers and their advisors. Friedman makes sure the student sees the strengths and weaknesses of each tool in the economist's kit. To Harry Truman's chagrin each application and substantive topic gets a balanced 'pro vs. con' presentation. And today's policy analysts, myself included, need this book within easy reach, on the shelf between Varian and Rawls."--Robert P. Inman, University of Pennsylvania
"An important book. It should have a major impact in schools of policy, planning, and administration, and even in some economics departments. Friedman does a great job of applying the theory to important real-world problems."--David Howell, New School University
""The Microeconomics of Public Policy Analysis" will quickly become the most widely used text in graduate schools of public affairs and will be an attractive text for use in advanced undergraduate economics courses. The main argument is that microeconomic theory provides a strong and persuasive foundation for designing policies toachieve efficiency and equity in market and nonmarket settings. This text is significant . . . the best to bring together economic rigor and policy applications."--Samuel L. Myers, Jr., Roy Wilkins Professor of Human Relations and Social Justice, Hubert H. Humphrey Institute of Public Affairs, University of Minnesota
"Lee Friedman's new text is just what's needed to prepare the next generation of policy analysts for the challenges ahead. It provides a strong foundation for a public-policy course that could serve either as a complement or substitute for a traditional intermediate microeconomics course. Friedman is superb at developing extended real-world examples that provide a grounded sense of both the power and the limitations of economic analysis."--Philip J. Cook, Duke University
This advanced textbook provides a straightforward but comprehensive introduction to applied general equilibrium modeling. General equilibrium is the backbone of modern economic analysis, which is why generation after generation of economics students have been introduced to it. As an analytical tool, general equilibrium can provide one of the most complete views of a given economy, as it incorporates all economic agents (households, firms, government and the foreign sector) in an integrated way that explicitly reveals the interplay of economic forces-supply and demand-and the balancing role of prices. Applied general equilibrium goes one step further in modeling, since it entails the integration of microeconomic theory, data handling and computing. This integration is essential for successful empirical modeling, but also involves various abilities that are not found in standard books. This book fills the gap, providing advanced students with the required tools, from the construction of consistent and applicable general equilibrium models to the interpretation of the results that ensue from the adoption of policies. This second edition expands the range of topics covered, including: indispensable general equilibrium theory, step-by-step model design, incremental model extensions, a wealth of sample computer code, procedures for constructing economic databases, database adjustments and database updating algorithms, numerical model calibration, policy strategies and their trade-offs and welfare effects, and a discussion of empirical policy examples.
Ever wonder why you have the number of friends that you do? Would a tax on soda really reduce obesity? What is going on with the financial problems in Greece? Is a tax rebate is better than a tax bonus? MICROECONOMICS, 12E answers these questions and many more as this book opens up the world of economic analysis. This edition offers more detailed coverage of the financial and economic crisis than any other microeconomics book of its kind on the market. Memorable examples from pop culture illustrate the unexpected places microeconomics occur and show how economic forces link to every day events. This edition offers complete video assets ideal for self-study. "Video Office Hours" digital lectures walk you through worked problems, while brief "Working with Diagrams" videos demonstrate key concepts in graphing that you can play and replay. A new Adaptive Test Prep Tool available on MindTap enables you to assess your personal economic understanding. Powerful digital resources, including Aplia and MindTap, work with the book's latest content to reflect today's changing economy and equip you with a thorough understanding of contemporary microeconomics.
This book showcases recent advances in the theoretical and empirical understanding of the economic aspects of organised crime and illegal markets. It provides new insights into defining and quantifying the influence of organised crime by drawing on innovative approaches to studying criminal networks and organisations such as the Hells Angels. The book includes analysis of the structure of illegal drug markets from international leaders in the field. Finally the text includes empirical case studies of the diverse markets where organised crime is currently active including the illegal market for crystal methamphetamine in Australia, tiger products in China and the falcon and fur trades in Russia.
This book was based on a special issue of Global Crime.
This comprehensive collection, edited by two pioneers of e-commerce, presents thirty of the most important papers written in the fields of economics, marketing and strategy. Topics covered include evaluation of the benefit to consumers of competition and product variety online, examination of auctions and reputational feedback mechanisms designed to mitigate informational asymmetries in online markets, and the debate on digital property rights including privacy, piracy and the open source movement. Together with an original introduction by the editors, this title provides a readily accessible wealth of material on the subject of e-commerce, invaluable to scholars and practitioners alike.
An indispensable roadmap and a refreshingly optimistic take on our economic future: Award-winning New Yorker staff writer and brilliant creator of NPR's Planet Money shows us how the 21st century economic paradigm offers unprecedented opportunities for curious, ambitious individuals to combine the things they love with their careers. From 'Focus on Intimacy at Scale' to 'Find Your Valuable Five Percent' and 'The Harder Your Core Customer Is to Reach, The Better You Will Do', Adam Davidson lays down the Ground Rules for success in the new economy. Drawing on inspiring case studies - a sweatshop-owner's daughter fighting for better working conditions, an Amish craftsman meeting the technological needs of his fellow farmers - as well as the latest academic research, he shows us how the twentieth-century economy of scale has given way in this century to an economy of passion. Davidson's special talent for breaking down daunting economic terminology and making theory accessible have won him not only respect as an economics guru but also most of broadcast journalism's highest honours. In this breath-of-fresh-air book, he inspires us all to see that with intimacy, insight, attention, automation, and of course, passion, we can succeed in this new economic world.
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