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This textbook is about shops and shopping, and the retailing industry which supports them. Its purpose is threefold.;To describe the contemporary retailing system and to show why it exists and how it seeks to meet consumer needs; to describe the relationships between these needs and the built environment, concentrating on those factors which lead to spatial patterns in shopping provision; and to describe the dynamic nature of retailing, emphasizing the relationships between retailers, consumers, developers and land-use managers, whose combined influences affect the visible character, style and ambiance of townscapes.
A Michael Moore for the Dot.com generation, `21 Dog Years' is Mike Daisey's wickedly funny story of life in the New Economy trenches. In 1998, when Amazon.com went to temp agencies to recruit people, they gave them a simple directive: send us your freaks. Thus began Mike Daisey's love affair with the world's biggest bookstore. Mike Daisey worked at Amazon.com for nearly three years during the dot-com frenzy of the late nineties. Now that his nondisclosure agreement has expired, he can tell the real story of tech culture, hero worship, cat litter, Albanian economics, venture capitalism that feed into the delusional cocktail exulted as the New Economy. His ascent from lowly temp to customer service representative to business development hustler is the stuff of dreams - and nightmares. No wonder Newsweek has dubbed Daisey the `oracle of the bust.' With a hugely popular website mikedaisey.com and a hit one-man show that has received phenomenal coverage (with stories in Wired, Daily Mail, Salon, Guardian and elsewhere), Michael Daisey has been called the first dot.comic and the Michael Moore of the net generation.
Highlighting an important emerging trend in FDI to Africa, this book consists of important contributions focusing on an increase in trade and investment between African countries. An area that until now has received little attention, this volume aims to define the key issues and explores the challenges and outcomes that have characterized Africa-to-Africa internationalization, providing guidance on directions for future research. Africa-to-Africa Internationalization includes both conceptual and empirical contributions, illustrating the practical issues in intra-African trade and investment. Providing readers with a deep sense of the realities and challenges of cross-border investments within the region, the cases included in the book are useful pedagogical materials for faculty members interested in teaching international business in the African context.
This book analyzes the current economic situations in African countries at the local, regional, and national level. It examines the growing interest from developed and developing countries to invest in Africa and their different reasons for doing so, which aren't always aligned with the interests of African countries. Growth in African GDP has benefitted mainly multinational corporations while the rest of the population remains at the subsistence level, creating a smaller middle class and less opportunity for local businesses to flourish. This book offers potential models of cooperation which could create added value for both African countries and the MNCs investing in them.
This anthology is an attempt to make sense of conferences and trade fairs as phenomena in contemporary society. The authors describe how these large-scale professional gatherings have become key sites for making and negotiating both industries and individual professions. In fact, during the past few decades, conferences and trade fairs have become a significant global industry in their own right. The editors assert that large-scale professional gatherings are remarkable events that require deeper analysis and scholarly attention.
Dieses Buch untersucht die Chancen von Wertschopfungspartnerschaften zwischen Herstellern und Handlern. Die Autoren identifizieren die relevanten Basisstrategien dieses neuen Konzepts anhand von Anwendungsbeispielen - nachvollziehbar und gut verstandlich.
In 50 Beitr gen widmen sich kompetente Autoren aus Wissenschaft und Praxis unterschiedlichen Facetten des Global Trade. Dabei werden nicht nur die Erscheinungsformen und Rahmenbedingungen des Au enhandels betrachtet, sondern es erfolgt dar ber hinaus eine umfassende Auseinandersetzung mit Strategien und Vorgehensweisen der Selektion und Bearbeitung ausl ndischer Absatz- und Beschaffungsm rkte sowie der Gestaltung und F hrung au enhandelsorientierter Unternehmen. "Eine gelungene Auswahl von Beitr gen zu wirklich relevanten Themen Fallstudien st tzen die Theorie und illustrieren die Praxis." www.literaturtest.de
This book provides a solid overview of trade and business opportunities in the Pacific Alliance, focusing on the key drivers of economic growth and development in Chile, Peru, Colombia, and Mexico. It addresses the political, economic, and social benefits that accrue when commerce and markets are made freer, and implications this poses for American businesses. Further, it surveys how key economies of Latin America have learned from past failures and are poised to capitalize on them in the future. It will offer a detailed understanding for business scholars, practitioners, and entrepreneurs looking to explore new business ventures in dynamic trade union.
Based on migration dynamics in the Southern African Development Community (SADC) region, this edited volume focuses on the activities of grassroots and informal non-state actors. The authors explore cross-border economic activities, migration governance issues, the regional integration project of the SADC, and implications for sustainable development in Africa. Examining the apparent success of immigrant entrepreneurs operating in cities of economically depressed countries such as Zimbabwe, it also discusses the role of local authorities in managing migration to achieve development. Thus, the book is centred on human mobility, the building of cohesive communities between immigrants and indigenous people, the informal economic activities of cross-border traders and undocumented migrants, and regional integration, providing a multidisciplinary and rich source of knowledge for scholars interested in African politics, labour, migration and economy.
This book explores ways to drive and increase a brand's most important property, its equity. Focussing on gender, the author analyses the impact of assigning personalities and characteristics to products and how this can affect the management of brands on a global scale. Using detailed examples, the author argues that brands with low masculine and feminine characteristics have the lowest equity, whilst brands with both high feminine and masculine characteristics are shown to have the strongest equity. Including notions of androgyny in brands, this significant study reveals the different factors which can affect a brand being perceived as either masculine or feminine. Aiming to develop a comprehensive theory and provide practitioners with a guide to increasing the equity of their brands, this controversial and pioneering book lays the foundation for creating a global brand personality model.
This book addresses the legal and contractual obligations of sea carriers regarding due care for the cargo under a contract of carriage. While the general framework employed is the leading international liability regime, the Hague-Visby Rules, the discussions in each chapter also account for the possible future adoption of a new regime, the Rotterdam Rules. The subject matter concerns the standard for the duty of care for goods as codified in the Hague-Visby Rules, but the work also touches upon a wide range of related topics found both in law and in practice, providing valuable commercial, technical and historical links as well as various solutions that have been found at the national and international level to address challenges arising in this specialised area of law. The book is divided into six chapters, which gradually reveal the complexity of the topic. Chapter 1 provides a thorough introduction to the two main transport documents in use, and to the basic logic behind shipping, sea-going trade and related national and international legislation. In turn, Chapter 2 presents an overview of the relevant provisions of the Hague-Visby Rules. Chapters 3, 4 and 5 examine the problems arising out of the insertion of a FIOS(T) clause in the contract of carriage; the carriage of goods on deck; and the carriage of goods in containers, respectively. Lastly, Chapter 6 provides an overall conclusion on the legal status quo and current practice, as well as future prospects. The book was written with a number of potential readers in mind and is intended to open up the topic to a broader audience. It is suitable both for readers who wish to advance their learning (e.g. professionals, practitioners and postgraduates) and for readers with little or no prior knowledge of the topic (e.g. students and researchers).
Although only a few years old, electronic commerce offers new ways of doing business that no business can afford to ignore. This book is a collection of selected contributions from renowned researchers who specialize in the various facets of electronic commerce, namely economics, finance, information technology, and education. The basic goal is to give an overview of some of the most relevant topics in E-Commerce.
Obwohl die Bedeutung des Dienstleistungssektors auch bei uns steigt, hat er bisher nicht die Bedeutung wie in anderen Landern gewonnen und der Sektor gehoert auch nicht zu den "Exportweltmeistern". Dieses Buch zeigt, dass Dienstleister, die als Netzwerk organisiert sind, ihre Wettbewerbsposition verbessern koennen, da sie Kundennahe mit effizientem Systemhintergrund verbinden. Nach einem konzeptionellen UEberblick werden empirische Ergebnisse einer internationalen Benchmarkingstudie zu den Erfolgsfaktoren von Dienstleistungsnetzwerken vorgestellt. Dabei werden funf Erfolgsfaktoren identifiziert und deren Umsetzung in Form von "Best Practice Case Studies" aufgearbeitet. Diese Fallstudien stellen die international erfolgreichsten Benchmarks vor. Die Vorstellung von Franchising und Cooperations-Netzwerken und UEberlegungen zum "idealen Dienstleistungswerk" bilden den Schluss des Buches.
Das Buch analysiert die zentrale Rolle von Medien, Telekommunikation und Informationstechnologie als Antriebsfaktoren auf dem Weg in eine digitale Wirtschaft: der Internet-OEkonomie. Schon im Jahr 2005 wird die Halfte der deutschen Bevoelkerung online sein. Die in wesentlichen Teilen uberarbeitete dritte Auflage des Buches bezieht die aktuellen Entwicklungen des dynamischen Marktes ein. In der Neuauflage werden insbesondere die Themen OEkonomie der Aufmerksamkeit und Elektronic Commerce erweitert und fortgefuhrt. Auch der umfangreiche Datenanhang, der die wichtigsten europaischen Kennziffern liefert, wurde auf den neuesten Stand gebracht. Mit diesem Konzept und der internationalen Einbindung steht das Buch konkurrenzlos da. Die zukunftsbezogene Analyse macht es zu einem unverzichtbaren Standardwerk fur Industrie und Wissenschaft.
OEkologische Dienstleistungskonzepte werden als ein vielversprechender Ansatz diskutiert, um Kundenbedurfnisse auf umweltvertraglichere Weise zu befriedigen. In der Industrie wachst der Bedarf, durch produkt- und nutzungsorientierte Dienstleistungen neue Geschaftsfelder zu erschliessen und Wertschoepfungspotentiale uber die Fertigung und den Vertrieb hinaus zu schaffen. Nicht der Produktabsatz steht im Vordergrund, sondern die Erbringung von Dienstleistungen, die Produkte effizienter und intensiver nutzbar machen. Hier werden erstmals die Entwicklung und Umsetzung oekologischer Dienstleistungskonzepte in der Unternehmenspraxis empirisch untersucht. Bezuglich Garantie, Reparatur, Upgrading, Remarketing, Leasing und Miete wird ein breites Spektrum bisher kaum erschlossener oekonomischer und oekologischer Potentiale aufgezeigt. Fundierte Fallstudien liefern vielfaltige Ansatzmoeglichkeiten fur eine oekologische Dienstleistungsorientierung rund um das Produkt bis hin zum Nutzenverkauf.
This book explains China's intellectual property perspective in the context of European theories, through a critical examination of intellectual property theory and practice focused on China's compliance with the Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS). The author's critical review of contemporary intellectual property philosophy suggests that justifying intellectual property protection through Locke or Hegel's property theories internalizes a theoretical paradox. "Professor Wenwei Guan's treatment of intellectual property law and practice in the PRC offers new perspectives that enrich an already active field of study . . . This book will be a useful contribution to academic and policy discourses examining conceptual and operational dimensions of China's intellectual property protection system and the broader process of China's international engagement." - Dr. Pitman B. Potter, Professor of Law, University of British Columbia, Canada "Dr. Guan reminds us of the daunting challenge of the public-private divide in forming and reforming TRIPS regime; how this regime has failed to address development needs and public concerns in developing countries like China; and how TRIPS's 'birth defect' can be overcome and its evolution can be put back on the right track." - Dr. Yahong Li, Associate Professor at Faculty of Law, Hong Kong University
The book provides a comprehensive examination of patterns and determinants of production networks in East Asia, a key driver in the region's global success. It provides the reader with an accessible understanding of the theoretical literature on production networks and recent developments in empirical analysis at the industry and firm-levels. The topics covered in the book include: gross trade in parts and components and gravity models, trade in value added, industry case studies, and micro data econometric studies of firm heterogeneity in production networks. The micro data econometric studies explore key aspects of the heterogeneity of firms in East Asian production networks such as technological capability, the entry of small and medium enterprises into production networks, business use of free trade agreements, and access to credit. Blending new sources of data, empirical tools and econometric methods this book is highly recommended for readers who seek to understand the workings of the complex web of production networks in East Asia.
This edited volume is an outcome of the first major collaborative project between Japanese economists and political scientists, funded by the Japan Society for the Promotion of Science. The authors of the individual chapters show that Asian states play games of conflict and cooperation strategically by creating, changing, or destroying institutions. For them, conflict and cooperation are inseparable phenomena and are integral parts of states' strategic interactions under constraints. Through the establishment of appropriate institutions that coordinate states' actions, present conflict can be turned into stable cooperation in the future. No discernible difference exists in the extent of rationality between the East and the West, but substantial variations between regions or even within a region are found in institutions that are influenced by history and culture. Historical and cultural variations divide contemporary Asia, making regional institutional cooperation difficult and prompting some Asian states to use global or inter-regional arrangements in order to obtain benefits of cooperation. Qualifications are provided for this line of argument in the first chapter, which also discusses the affinity of international relations theory and game theory, with special attention to Japan and Asia. The following ten substantive chapters are developed based on the conceptual framework and, for integrity and coherence, are sub-grouped into four parts that correspond to major issues in international relations scholarship: (1) conflict management, (2) arms control, (3) trade, and (4) currency.
Auf der Basis einer der bislang grossten europaweiten Untersuchungen zum Supply-Chain-Management im Handel zeigt Karl-Hendrik Magnus, dass der Erfolg von Supply Chains massgeblich durch die Gestaltung der Kooperation zwischen Einzelhandel und Herstellern beeinflusst wird und dass nicht jede Kooperationsform leistungssteigernd wirkt: Wahrend intensiver Informationsaustausch und hohe Transparenz erstrebenswert sind, lohnt sich eine enge Verzahnung der Prozesse meist nicht."
First published in 2000. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.
Wachsende Komplexitat pragt die Unternehmenswelt seit Jahren auf fast allen Ebenen. Die Autoren beschreiben einen praxiserprobten, ganzheitlichen Ansatz, um Komplexitat in Unternehmen beherrschbar zu machen und Wettbewerbsvorteile zu generieren. Dafur verbinden sie Methoden aus Wissensmanagement, Kundenbeziehungsmanagement (CRM) und Change Management mithilfe von wissensbasierten Softwarelosungen. Der Band bietet Managern und Projektleitern einen Handlungsleitfaden zum Aufbau von Mehrwerten fur unterschiedliche interne und externe Zielgruppen."
Retail is a dog-eat-dog world - and nobody has cannibalized market share more ruthlessly or influenced consumers, communities and competition around the world more profoundly than "category killers" like Wal-Mart, Toys R Us, and Costco. This book explores how they did it, what other companies can glean from their killer strategies, and what's next in retail's future.
This book addresses injury and causation issues in the context of antidumping, countervailing duty (CVD) and safeguard investigations that are covered under the WTO. The book traces the origin and the negotiating history of injury and causation in trade remedy instruments and examines how this requirement evolved in the United States and more specifically in the GATT as part of the Kennedy Code, the Tokyo Codes and later the Uruguay Round negotiating texts. The book demonstrates that terms such as "principal cause," "substantial cause" and "a cause in and of itself" are not necessarily warranted in such instruments. In the light of the experiences of key users of trade remedy instruments and the WTO Doha Round Rules negotiations, the book argues that causation determination does not require mathematical precision. Econometric or quantitative tools may be suggested, but such tools need not undermine the policy-laden nature of trade remedy instruments. Accordingly, the book suggests the use of weak-necessity and strong sufficiency test as a potentially viable causative framework with regard to injury and causation in trade remedies.
The book examines the trade liberalization measures, which were initiated in India during 1991 and which focused on manufacturing industries. This industry was considered because of its strong inter-sectoral links and its capacity to stimulate the growth of other sectors. The resulting liberal trade policies, involving a reduction in trade barriers and inflows of FDI, capital and technologies, were adopted to increase the manufacturing output. However, these measures were most beneficial to those industries whose products have greater demand in developed countries. Against this backdrop, the book breaks down the overall effect of trade-induced manufacturing growth into scale, composition and technique effects to discuss the impact on environmental externality. In addition to manufacturing activity, it also investigates the effect of other factors that improve with economic growth and examines the extent to which India's trade-led economic growth allows production activities to move to cleaner technologies and whether India has achieved its economic growth by specializing in pollution-intensive (low technology) industries. The book also estimates the impact of these environmental externalities on society's wellbeing.
The TPP was negotiated among 12 economically diverse countries, including some most highly developed and rich countries (i.e., the United States, Japan, Australia, Canada, New Zealand, and Singapore), some newly industrialized countries (i.e., Mexico and Malaysia), and some less-developed countries (i.e., Peru, Chile, and Vietnam). A new paradigm created in this context is that countries with vastly different economic developments can actually agree on a set of very high standards to regulate their economic activities, to liberalize their trade, and to protect intellectual property and foreign investment. The contents of the TPP also reflect its status of being a "new paradigm" as the "21st-Century Trade Agreement" and being a pioneer in rule making in many key regulatory areas. These include not only the improved and enhanced rules on traditional issues already covered by the WTO , such as goods, services, and IP rights, but also the carefully designed rules in areas that have never been addressed in the WTO or comprehensively covered in other FTAs , such as state-owned enterprises, electronic commerce, and labor and environmental issues. Although the United States has withdrawn from the TPP, the remaining countries are still putting efforts into establishing a TPP without the United States or a TPP with China. Economically speaking, the current 11 parties account for about 20 % of the global economy. If such agreement is put into force, there will be significant implications for the region, for the multilateral system, and even for other FTAs. The book addresses the potential of the TPP to change the ways trade and investments are conducted and argues for its potential to be the start of an international trade/economic law revolution. The book elaborates the relationship between the TPP and other existing trade agreements such as the WTO and other FTAs and explains how the TPP is to deal with traditional and new issues. Taken together, the authors argue that the implications of the TPP go beyond its current membership. It is hoped that the book will make an important contribution to the field of international economic law.
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