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In this Public Health Yearbook 2013, we will touch upon several public health topics like community capacity building, global health and health promotion. If where we live impacts our health, then we need to start improving the health of communities at the local level. For sustainability purposes, we need to help these communities build their capacity to address the episodic, as well as the persistent, public health issues that affect their health. How do we do that? How do we learn the skills and principles necessary to establish partnerships with our communities? How do we then teach our community partners to continue to improve the health status of their neighbourhoods when the funding expires? How to we conduct health promotion and does it really help and increase health and quality of life? In this Public Health Yearbook 2013 we explore this in greater detail and hopefully will answer some of your questions.
The 'Pocket Guide to Health Promotion' is a short, punchy and practical guide aimed at students and practitioners. The book includes precise definitions and examples of key concepts and methods in health promotion practice and a chapter by chapter description of the management planning, strategy selection, implementation and evaluation of health promotion programmes.Written in an accessible and concise style, the book offers the reader a practical and flexible resource that is ideal for students and practitioners looking to plan and implement health promotion activities. A must buy for those new to health promotion or who want a pocket guide to this core health activity. "Clearly written and practical, this excellent guide will prove indispensible to practitioners of health promotion globally, and a very useful starting point for students. It will be worth buying a pocket to put it in!" David Ross, Professor of Epidemiology and International Public Health, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, UK "The Pocket Guide to Health Promotion is easy to navigate with complex concepts in health promotion explained in a user-friendly way. Whether you are practicing health promotion or studying the discipline, this will be a welcome addition to any book shelf." Dr James Woodall, Co-Director of the Centre for Health Promotion Research & Course Leader MSc Public Health, Leeds Metropolitan University, UK
A comprehensive textbook designed to guide students through the entirety of a Health and Social Care BSc degree. Covering the important topics and pressing issues relevant to Health and Social Care today. The book's three part structure starts with the essential areas and core knowledge, including the sociology and psychology of illness, the research process, key legal and ethical issues and reflective practice. The second part covers aspects of health and social care in practice, like health promotion, safeguarding children and their rights, and working with people experiencing mental health disorders. Finally, the third part considers some of the challenges faced in present day health and social care, looking at social justice issues, legal and ethical considerations, leadership, and health inequalities. All content is supported by practical and reflective features to help students throughout their degree, these include: interactive activities, real life case studies and examples related to chapter content, links and suggestions for further reading, and answers to key activities and case study exercises. The perfect companion text for anyone studying a Health and Social Care degree, or any other course related to the health and social care services.
Describing one of the most important practices of hathayoga (khecarimudra), the Khecarividya of Adinatha is presented here to an English-speaking readership for the first time. The author, James Mallinson, draws on thirty Sanskrit works, as well as original fieldwork amongst yogins in India who use the practice, to demonstrate how earlier tantric yogic techniques developed and mutated into the practices of hathayoga. Accompanied by an introduction and an extensively annotated translation, the work sheds light on the development of hathayoga and its practices.
Hundreds of millions around the world live in chronic pain - many in such severe pain they are disabled by it. The Institute of Medicine estimates that chronic pain costs the U.S. alone $560 to $635 billion a year in direct medical costs and lost productivity. Morphine, an effective painkiller, costs only three cents a dose, yet because of excessive regulation in many countries, it is unavailable to millions of people who need it, even at the end of life. The World Health Organization notes that in addition to the one million end-stage AIDS/HIV patients who can't get morphine and other controlled medications, 5.5 million terminal cancer patients, nearly a million people suffering from accidents or violence, and an incalculable number of people living with chronic illnesses and recovering from surgery can't get it, either. Women, children, older people, and the poor are disproportionally affected by inadequate pain relief. Physicians know almost nothing about chronic pain, much less how to treat it, for two reasons: medical schools barely teach it and government institutions allot almost nothing to the pain research budget. In The Global Pain Crisis: What Everyone Needs to Know (R), renowned health journalist Judy Foreman addresses the most important questions about chronic pain: what is it, who does it affect most, what works and what doesn't for pain relief in Western and alternative medicines, what are the risks and benefits for opioids and marijuana, and how can the chronic pain crisis be resolved for good? Foreman's book is a wake-up call for a health problem that affects all people across the globe, at all stages of life. Written in the classic, easy-to-read and quick reference style of the What Everyone Needs to Know (R) series, The Global Pain Crisis is a must for anyone whose life or work is affected by chronic pain.
How eliminating "risk illiteracy" among doctors and patients will lead to better health care decision making. Contrary to popular opinion, one of the main problems in providing uniformly excellent health care is not lack of money but lack of knowledge-on the part of both doctors and patients. The studies in this book show that many doctors and most patients do not understand the available medical evidence. Both patients and doctors are "risk illiterate"-frequently unable to tell the difference between actual risk and relative risk. Further, unwarranted disparity in treatment decisions is the rule rather than the exception in the United States and Europe. All of this contributes to much wasted spending in health care. The contributors to Better Doctors, Better Patients, Better Decisions investigate the roots of the problem, from the emphasis in medical research on technology and blockbuster drugs to the lack of education for both doctors and patients. They call for a new, more enlightened health care, with better medical education, journals that report study outcomes completely and transparently, and patients in control of their personal medical records, not afraid of statistics but able to use them to make informed decisions about their treatments.
Health promotion is a key mechanism in tackling the foremost health challenges faced by developing and developed nations. Covering key concepts, theory and practical aspects, this textbook focuses on the themes central to contemporary health promotion practice on a global scale. Social determinants, equality and equity, policy and health, working in partnerships, sustainability, evaluation and evidence-based practice are detailed, and the critical application of health promotion to practice is outlined throughout the book. With contributions from the Centre for Health Promotion Research team at Leeds Metropolitan University, the author shows how ideas drawn from social science can aid health promotion theory and practice in complex, real-life situations, drawing upon international settings and teaching experience in the global North and South, finishing with a summary of the future directions of professional health promotion practice. Placing a strong emphasis on a global context, this book provides an accessible and engaging resource for postgraduate students of health promotion, public health nursing and related subjects, health practitioners and NGOs.
Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) challenges the treatment of clinical infections. Despite the decline in infectious diseases mortality rates, infections are more difficult to eliminate or contain in the host, resulting in poorer outcomes to treatment, longer hospital inpatient stays, and increased mortality. Written by international experts in the field and supported by the review of the available evidence, including example case studies, Antimicrobial Stewardship provides a practical how-to guide on this growing area. Divided into three sections, the first sets the scene, looking at the key problems of antimicrobial resistance. Section two examines and identifies the key components of an antimicrobial stewardship program. Finally, the book explores specialist areas of antimicrobial stewardship ranging from antimicrobial pharmacokinetics and dynamics, to near patient testing, and infection biomarkers. Antimicrobial Stewardship will be a valuable and practical resource for infection trainees, as well as specialists from the medical, pharmacy, and nursing professions.
Over the last couple of years, the credit crunch has driven a
near-collapse of the world's financial systems. With the benefit of
hindsight, many say this could have been predicted and avoided.
Over the next 10-20 years, healthcare is headed for its own
meltdown: an inability to fund the growth in demand and the
appearance of costly new medical technology within the current
healthcare systems framework. This 'meltdown' will not be as sudden
as that in the world of finance: it will occur over the next 20
years, but the failure of the current sources of healthcare funding
to meet our expectations of care quantity and quality will have
consequences every bit as serious as the banking crisis. The
warning signs are there, the crisis is already being predicted -
but is it inevitable, or can it be avoided?
How far should we go in protecting and promoting public health? Can we force people to give up unhealthy habits and make healthier choices? Should we stop treating smokers who refuse to give up smoking, for example, or put a tax on fatty foods and ban vending machines in schools to address the obesity epidemic ? Or can we nudge people towards healthy options without compromising their freedom to choose? Such questions are at the heart of public health ethics. In this second edition of his well respected textbook, Stephen Holland shows that to understand and debate these issues requires philosophy: moral philosophies, including utilitarianism and deontology, as well as political philosophies such as liberalism and communitarianism. And philosophy informs other aspects of public health, such as epidemiology, health promotion, and screening. The new edition has been fully revised and updated to reflect recent developments in the field. There is a new chapter on the ethics of 'harm reduction', looking at policies which aim to reduce the harmful effects of unhealthy behaviour, such as using illicit drugs, as opposed to trying to get people to abstain. Additional material has been added on the recent interest in 'nudging' people towards more healthy choices in a new theoretical section on libertarian paternalism, as well as more on debates on the ethics of other current public health policies, such as using financial incentives to get people to take more responsibility for their own health. Public Health Ethics provides a lively, accessible and philosophically informed introduction to such issues. As well as being an ideal textbook for students taking courses in public health ethics, Holland s systematic discussion of the ethics of public health will engage and inform the more advanced reader too.
This fascinating book presents 100 biographies of general practitioners, the majority of whom have made key contributions to the development of general practice and medicine, but also some who have influenced society through engineering, literature, music, politics, sport and other fields. Organised into four different time periods and with key themes in each, the reader will gain an insight into the background of these individuals and what led to their decision to enter the speciality, discover their successes and occasional failures, while also learning about significant events in the history of general practice, medical education, medical politics, medical research, the Royal College of General Practitioners and society as a whole. Key features: * Highly readable and visual introduction to the history of general practice * Includes 100 biographies of a variety of general practitioners from 1640 to the present day * Describes both successes and failures in the development of the specialty and how these have helped direct and shape current clinical practice * Key themes covered include academia and research, medical education, medical politics and society * Ideal for anyone wishing to gain a broader insight into the history of this important specialty, as well as those interested in medical biography Written in an accessible style, and illustrated throughout, the book is an invaluable guide for academics, doctors or students with a special interest in general practice, medical education, medical history or social history.
In recent years, the role of religion in influencing international health policy and health services provision has been seen as increasingly important. This book provides a social history of the relationship between religion and America's international health policy and practice from the latter 19th century to the present. The book demonstrates that the fields of religion and public health have distinct moral frameworks, each with their own rationales, assumptions, and motivations. While these two frameworks share significant synergies, substantial tensions also exist, which are negotiated in political contexts. The book traces the origins of religion's influence on public health to the Progressive Era in the latter half of the 19th century, examines tensions that arose in the first half of the 20th century, describes the divorce between religion and international health from the 1940s through the 1980s, identifies the sources of the renewed interest in the relationship between religion and international health, and anticipates the future contours of religion and international health in light of contemporary political and economic forces.While the influence of religion on international health practice and policy in the United States serves as the focus of the book, the effects of US policies on international health policies in general are also explored in depth, especially in the book's later chapters. This ambitious study of religion's social history in the United States over the last 150 years will be of interest to researchers in global health, politics, religion and development studies.
This lavishly illustrated guide from experts will enable practitioners to get the most out of dermoscopy for investigations and treatments in general dermatology.
Why do some countries and populations suffer from poverty and ill health, whilst others are more prosperous and healthy? What are the inherently global (trans-border) issues that affect inequities in disease burden and health opportunities for individuals and nations? Traditionally, the focus of global health has been 'international health': the concern for high burdens of disease in generally low-income countries. To answer these questions however, we need to modernise our understanding of globalization as a phenomenon. Health Equity in a Globalizing Era: Past Challenges, Future Prospects examines how globalization processes since the on-set of neoliberalism affect equity in global health outcomes, and emphasises access to important social determinants of health. With a basis in political economy, the book covers key globalization concepts and theory, and presents a thorough background to the field. Case studies, illustrations, and new research all combine to make this title a comprehensive and current discussion of the various pathways that connect globalization to health equity outcomes. It looks at changes in migration, labour markets, trade and investment rules, international development assistance, health systems, infectious and non-communicable disease risks, environmental health, and gendered aspects of globalization's health dialectic. In addition, it argues for a reform of the global governance structure, the significant role of human rights, and the importance of a strong civil society in achieving greater social justice in health. Ideal for senior undergraduate and graduate students in global health programs, global health scholars and practitioners in government policy and health/development NGOs, Health Equity in a Globalizing Era: Past Challenges, Future Prospects is a significant contribution to our new understanding of globalization and global public health.
Despite decades of attention on building a global HIV research and programming agenda, HIV in older populations has generally been neglected until recently. This new book focuses on HIV and aging in the context of ageism with regard to prevention, treatment guidelines, funding, and the engagement of communities and health and social service organizations. The lack of perceived HIV risk in late adulthood among older people themselves, as well on the part of providers and society in general, has led to a lack of investment in education, testing, and programmatic responses. Ageism perpetuates the invisibility of older adults and, in turn, renders current medical and social service systems unprepared to respond to patients' needs. While ageism may lead to some advantages - discounts for services, for example - it is the negative aspects that must be addressed when determining the appropriate community-level response to the epidemic.
""This is a ground-breaking book which provides a needed overview
of self-management and chronic physical illness ... The book
provided useful definitions that helped to introduce the concept of
self-management and behavioural interventions to new readers ...
Its strengths were its ease of use, accessible and informative
content, and the clear application of theory into practice."
""Newman, Steed and Mulligan have provided an honest attempt to
capture the essential practical material required for those working
directly with clients in this growing area ... As a broad
introductory text, this book achieves its purpose."
""I feel this book would be a great addition on any adult
nursing bookshelf, especially useful in health promotion, community
and management modules. Any healthcare profession such as nurses,
doctors, occupational therapists who deal with individuals with
chronic illnesses will benefit from this book. I highly recommend
this book, a 'must read' for nursing students."
This groundbreaking book provides a much-needed overview of self-management in chronic physical illness. It provides the theoretical and conceptual background to self-management, as well as examining issues related to the delivery of self-management interventions in chronic illness. The chapters systematically review the efficacy and effectiveness of interventions in a range of different chronic conditions, including: Asthma Coronary artery disease Heart failure COPD Hypertension Diabetes Rheumatoid arthritis Authored by a range of leading international authors, each of them experts in the chronic diseases they discuss, the book is key reading for a wide range of health care professionals dealing with individuals with chronic conditions, including nurses, doctors, physiotherapists, health psychologists and occupational therapists. The book concludes by looking at the future of self-management for chronic illness.
"Contributors: Susan J. Blalock, Debbie Cooke, Angela Coulter, Robert F. DeVellis, Joe Ellins, Maarten J. Fischer, Wendy Hardeman, Eric S. Hart, Paul Higgs, Martin Hyde, Ad A. Kaptein, Kate Lorig, Patrick McGowan, Susan Michie, Debra K. Moser, Serap Osman, Jerry C. Parker, Sheetal Patel, Nina Rieckmann, Margreet Scharloo, Nancy E. Schoenberg, Timothy C. Skinner, Jane R. Smith, Lucia Snoei, Frank J. Snoek, Stephen Sutton, John Weinman, Manuel Paz Yepez"
This unique book is the first to bring together primary care experiences from around the world, with emphasis on non-Western regions. Utilising published articles that profile different countries' primary health care, accompanied by expert commentaries, the book consolidates global primary health care information over the past decade. Profiling the different countries' primary health care systems and their implementation of primary health care policy, as promoted by WHO and WONCA, the guide provides evidence of how countries and regions can introduce primary health care and family practice to improve their health care infrastructure and delivery. The book is essential reading for policy makers, health educators and academic leaders in primary care and students of global health and provides useful background for those entering or established in clinical family practice around the world.
The third edition of "Community Organizing and Community Building for Health and Welfar"e provides new and more established ways to approach community building and organizing, from collaborating with communities on assessment and issue selection to using the power of coalition building, media advocacy, and social media to enhance the effectiveness of such work.
With a strong emphasis on cultural relevance and humility, this
collection offers a wealth of case studies in areas ranging from
childhood obesity to immigrant worker rights to health care reform.
A "tool kit" of appendixes includes guidelines for assessing
coalition effectiveness, exercises for critical reflection on our
own power and privilege, and training tools such as "policy bingo."
From former organizer and now President Barack Obama to academics
and professionals in the fields of public health, social work,
urban planning, and community psychology, the book offers a
comprehensive vision and on-the-ground examples of the many ways
community building and organizing can help us address some of the
most intractable health and social problems of our times.
At a moment when the world's population increasingly lives in urban settings, the public health of cities-or the intersection of stress and wellness with architecture and urbanism-is a matter of pressing concern for designers. Questions Concerning Health reports on this critical terrain, focusing particularly on Johannesburg, South Africa (a notable test case in which the term "social equivalency," used by epidemiologists, also carries considerable historical and spatial resonance). Among the book's research findings is that health is an intensively local phenomenon that demands intensively local responses in the form of more sensitive architectural typologies as well as urban planning. Questions Concerning Health presents a number of essays by experts on urban health and Johannesburg in particular, including the design proposals of eight students who participated in the research studio.
The term, adolescence, can be traced to the 15th century and is based on Latin etymology; adolescere referring to "growing into maturity." The current term, adolescence, identifies a critical period of human life that allows sufficient maturity for the human being to leave childhood dependency and pass through a dramatic period of immense physiological, psychological, and sociological consequences. The adolescent must accept the failures and successes of childhood with the initiation of puberty and in the end, start his or her adult life as central nervous system maturity occurs. The tremendous peaks of growth and development are only exceeded by those seen in utero and in early childhood. This yearbook is focused on adolescence with a chapter on health aspects in this time period, health risks, bullying and the new issue of internet addiction in adolescence, which we hope you will find of interest.
Governments have known since the 1960s that smoking results in irreversible health damage. This open access book examines why governments have done so little to combat this when they have been aware of the problem and its solutions for decades. What are the strategies and decisions that make a difference, given that policy environments are often not conducive to change? Taking the Netherlands as an example, this book helps to understand the complex policy process at the national level and why it so often appears irrational to us. It is the most sophisticated analysis of tobacco control policy to date, applying insights from political sciences to the field of tobacco control.
Considered the industry's standard resource, this guide will help accountants, auditors, and financial managers to understand the complexities of the specialized accounting and regulatory requirements of the health care industry. Updated for 2019, this edition has been prepared and reviewed by industry experts and provides hands-on, practical guidance for those who work in and with health care entities. A critical resource for auditors, this edition includes new accounting standards and relevant GASB and FASB updates (including those related to private companies).
Vaccines play an essential role in keeping humans and animals healthy. The vaccine has been one of the most important interventions designed to both prevent and to treat diseases, strengthening and improving the weakened immune system. In this book, the authors discuss veterinary sector vaccines and how they may be applied to improve human vaccines; immunisation recommendations for healthcare workers; a new vaccination method for exogenous and endogenous antigen initiated disorders; the impact of vaccination on disease prevention and control; and, T-Cell vaccination for multiple sclerosis.
This book looks closely at herbal product development and commercialisation. In spite of an ever-growing demand, there is a dearth of safe and effective herbal products that meet consumers' expectations. Therefore, this book takes it upon itself to elaborate on the development process of herbal insecticides, repellents and biomedicines from a commercialisation point of view. The introductory chapters deal with the various strategies for disease vector control and provide an overview of herbal biomedicines. The subsequent chapter describes plants with mosquito larvicidal activity, including a comprehensive list of lethal concentrations against different mosquito species. The chapter on Himalayan plants discusses potential botanical insecticide sources and their chemical constituents before delving into the topic of natural insecticides of microbial origin and their efficacy against mosquitoes. Plant-derived insecticides belonging to different chemical classes and the extraction, purification and characterisation of bioactive compounds are illustrated, as well. The recent technological advances in the formulation of microbial, biochemical and botanical insecticides are also reviewed. Three chapters focus on important medicinal plants useful for treating human ailments, with special reference to the traditional healing practices of northeastern India. This is followed by a chapter on the production, use and safety of biopharmaceuticals and edible, plant-based vaccines. The intellectual property issues related to herbal products in India including patents, trademarks, geographical indications, trade secrets and traditional knowledge resources are plainly examined. The book ends with a chapter on the herbal product registration process in India, wherein the data requirements for registration, clinical efficacy trials, toxicity studies, quality control, packaging and labelling are clearly explained. In conclusion, this book is a step-by-step guide for the development of safe, effective and commercially viable herbal insecticides, repellents and biomedicines.
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