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A coherent "big picture" of the evolving health system in South Africa, along with the ensuing changes and challenges. Attempts to contextualise these developments historically and globally, and to critically assess them. Reviews progress and achievements, but also contemporary constraints and deficiencies in health performance. Aimed at researchers and lecturers, as well as senior and postgraduate students. Also a valuable reference work for practising health professionals, health planners, policy makers and managers. Contents include the following: National health care systems: trends, changes and reforms; the changing biophysical environment: impact on health and health conditions; HIV, AIDS and tuberculosis: trends, challenges and responses; medical ethics and human rights; hospitals and hospital reform; health care expenditure.
When Daniel Baxter, the medical director of a large community health centre in New York City, accepted an invitation to work in Botswana, he hardly knew where to find the country on a map. Yet he set out nonetheless, naively confident that he would do good by bringing his first-world expertise to help in the roll-out of Africa's first HIV/AIDS treatment programme. But Baxter's good intentions were quickly overwhelmed by the reality of AIDS in Africa, his misguided altruism engulfed by the sea of need around him. Lifted up by Botswana's remarkable and forgiving people and by the country's majestic beauty, Baxter soldiered on. His memorable encounters with those living with HIV/AIDS - their unfathomable woes assuaged by their oft-repeated declaration ''But God is good!'' - profoundly changed the way he thought about himself and his role as a doctor. Eight years later, when Baxter finally left Africa to return to the United States, he realised he was not so much the giver as the recipient of a great human gift. Compelling, humorous, courageous and often heart-breaking, One Life at a Time documents the extraordinary experiences of a fallible but compassionate doctor working at the front line of HIV/AIDS care in Botswana.
From a giant of health care policy, an engaging and enlightening account of why American health care is so expensive "and why it doesn't have to be Uwe Reinhardt was a towering figure and moral conscience of health care policy in the United States and beyond. Famously bipartisan, he advised presidents and Congress on health reform and originated central features of the Affordable Care Act. In Priced Out, Reinhardt offers an engaging and enlightening account of today's U.S. health care system, explaining why it costs so much more and delivers so much less than the systems of every other advanced country, why this situation is morally indefensible, and how we might improve it. The problem, Reinhardt says, is not one of economics but of social ethics. There is no American political consensus on a fundamental question other countries settled long ago: to what extent should we be our brothers' and sisters' keepers when it comes to health care? Drawing on the best evidence, he guides readers through the chaotic, secretive, and inefficient way America finances health care, and he offers a penetrating ethical analysis of recent reform proposals. At this point, he argues, the United States appears to have three stark choices: the government can make the rich help pay for the health care of the poor, ration care by income, or control costs. Reinhardt proposes an alternative path: that by age 26 all Americans must choose either to join an insurance arrangement with community-rated premiums, or take a chance on being uninsured or relying on a health insurance market that charges premiums based on health status. An incisive look at the American health care system, Priced Out dispels the confusion, ignorance, myths, and misinformation that hinder effective reform.
Now in its eleventh edition, De Haan’s Health of Southern Africa has been updated so that it is aligned with new as well as legacy nursing qualifications, and remains a ‘must-have’ source of information.
Text on the Sustainable Development Goals, antimicrobial stewardship and infection control practices surrounding Ebola have been added. The three chapters on environmental health have been revised and strengthened. All content focuses on the situation in southern Africa and the local burden of disease.
From registered nurse and public health advocate Sana Goldberg, RN, a timely, accessible, and comprehensive handbook to navigating common medical situations. From the routine to the unexpected, How to Be a Patient is your ultimate guide to better healthcare. Did you know that patients have statistically better outcomes when their surgeon is female? That you can mark-up an informed consent sheet before you sign it, or get second opinions on CTs and MRIs? That there's a blue book for healthcare procedures, or an algorithm to decide between ER, Urgent Care, and waiting-until-Monday? In How to Be a Patient, nurse and public health advocate Sana Goldberg walks readers through the complicated and uncertain medical landscape, illuminating a path to better care. Warm and disarmingly honest, Goldberg's advice is as expert as it is accessible. In the face of an epidemic of brusque, impersonal care she empowers readers with the information and tools to come to good decisions with their providers and sidestep the challenging realities of modern medicine. With sections like When All is Well, When It's An Emergency, When It's Your Person, and When You Have to Stand Up to the Industry, along with appendices to help track family history, avoid pointless medical tests, and choose when and where to undergo a procedure, How to Be a Patient is an invaluable and essential guide for a new generation of patients.
This best-selling book is a step-by-step guide to doing a literature review for students in all areas of health and social care. It is vital reading for all those doing their undergraduate dissertation or any study that involves doing a literature review. This book provides a practical guide to doing a literature review from start to finish. This fourth edition includes: * A broad range of real life examples of how to overcome challenges in the process * How to get your question right * Updated guidance on following a clear search strategy for relevant literature using the appropriate technology * Expanded guide to using a range of critical appraisal tools * Increased emphasis on presenting your findings or using them in practice * Tips and coverage on how to write up your review Doing a Literature Review in Health and Social Care is essential reading for anyone new to reviewing and presenting evidence in a review. "This essential guide demystifies the literature review process... The fourth edition has retained its accessible and user friendly style for which the text has become known. A useful glossary and the questioning style are just some of the pedagogical features of this text. I will continue to recommend this book to my students." Debra Jackson, RN PhD FACN, Professor of Nursing, University of Technology, Sydney
From 2003-2006, Patricia Henderson lived in the South African province of KwaZulu-Natal, where she recorded the experiences of people living with HIV/AIDS. In this illumination study, she recounts the concerns of rural people and explores local repertoires through which illness was folded into everyday life. The book spans a period when antiretroviral medication was not available and moves on to a time when the treatment became accessible. Hope gradually became manifest in the recovery of a number of people through antiretroviral therapies and 'the return' of bodies they could recognise as their own. This research implies that protracted interaction with people over time, offers insights into the unfolding textures of everyday life, in particular in its focus on suffering, social and structural inequality, illness, violence, mourning, sensibility, care and intimacy.
Exam board: CACHE Level: 3 Subject: Health and Social Care First teaching: 2017 First exams: Various dates Master the essay-writing skills and concepts required to succeed in the Level 3 Extended Diploma with this CACHE-endorsed textbook. - Covers all 15 mandatory units of the qualification and the two synoptic external assessments. - Clearly outlines specific learning outcomes for each unit. - Develop students' ability to display evidence and effectively evaluate their performance with dedicated reflective activities. - Help learners develop independent research and writing skills in preparation for the external assessment and higher education.
Migration is now firmly embedded as a leading global policy issue of the twenty-first century. Whilst not a new phenomenon, it has altered significantly in recent decades, with changing demographics, geopolitics, conflict, climate change and patterns of global development shaping new types of migration. Against this evolving backdrop, this Handbook offers an authoritative overview of key debates underpinning migration and health in a contemporary global context. Handbook of Migration and Health is organised into six main sections: theories and models of migration; rights and deservingness; vulnerability and precarity; specific healthcare needs and priorities; healthcare provision; and transnational and diasporic networks. Chapters focus on a wide range of migrant groups including refugees, asylum seekers, trafficked people, international students, healthcare workers and diasporic communities. Bringing together the contributions of 58 leading researchers and drawing on case studies and examples from across the globe, this Handbook is intended as a scholarly, yet accessible reference tool for researchers, students and practitioners interested in the field of migration and health.
Each Student Book and ActiveBook has clearly laid out pages with a range of supportive features to aid learning and teaching: Getting to know your unit sections ensure learners understand the grading criteria and unit requirement. Pause Point features support formative assessment and enable learners to gauge attainment of knowledge at regular intervals. Case Study and Theory into practice features enable development of problem-solving skills and place the theory into real life situations learners could encounter. Assessment practice features provide scaffolded assessment practice activities that help prepare learners for assessment. Within each assessment practice activity, a Plan, Do and Review section supports learners' formative assessment by making sure they fully understand what they are being asked to do, what their goals are and how to evaluate the task and consider how the could improve. Literacy and numeracy activities provide opportunities for reinforcement in these key areas, placing the skills into a Health and Social Care context. Dedicated Think future pages provide case studies from the industry, with a focus on aspects of skills development that can be put in practice in a real work environment and further study.
The very best journalism from one of Britain's most admired and outspoken science writers, author of the bestselling Bad Science and Bad Pharma. In Bad Science, Ben Goldacre hilariously exposed the tricks that quacks and journalists use to distort science. In Bad Pharma, he put the $600 billion global pharmaceutical industry under the microscope. Now the pick of the journalism by one of our wittiiest, most indignant and most fearless commentators on the worlds of medicine and science is collected in one volume.
Cost-benefit analysis is the only method of economic evaluation that can effectively indicate whether a health care treatment or intervention is worthwhile. In this thoroughly updated and revised second edition, Robert Brent expands the scope of the field by including the latest concepts and applications throughout all regions of the world. This book attempts to strengthen the link between cost-benefit analysis and the mainstream health care evaluation field, which is dominated by non-economists. The need to build a bridge between the two is more important than ever before, as the general understanding of cost-benefit analysis appears to have regressed. Case studies are used throughout to explain and illustrate the various methodologies being examined. In addition, the author now covers more of the statistical requirements that are necessary to understand and carry out health care evaluations, and follows an applied economics approach. Ultimately, he resolves a number of disputes and makes some new, but subtle, contributions by reinterpreting, correcting and extending existing work. The book covers the topic in an accessible manner, from the foundations to the frontiers of the field, and clearly explains all the necessary economic principles along the way. Cost-Benefit Analysis and Health Care Evaluations, Second Edition will be invaluable to students and researchers of health economics, public policy and health care policy, as well as policymakers and health care practitioners. It can also be used as a comprehensive introductory text by anyone with an interest in cost-benefit analysis. From this perspective, the new additional final chapter is particularly useful as it supplies a summary of CBA that highlights the main conclusions of the text in a single chapter.
This lucid and comprehensive book explores the ways in which the State, the market and the citizen can collaborate to satisfy people's health care needs. It argues that health care is not a commodity like any other. It asks if its unique properties mean that there is a role for social regulation and political management. Apples and oranges can be left to the buyers and the sellers. Health care may require an input from the consensus, the experts, the insurers, the politicians and the bureaucrats as well. David Reisman makes a fresh contribution to the debate. He argues that the three policy issues that are of primary importance are choice, equality and cost. He explores the balance between the patient, the practitioner and public opinion; the disparities in outcome indicators and access to medical care; and the escalation in prices and quantities at the expense of other areas of social life. Reisman concludes that, despite its significance for the individual and the nation, there is no single definition of health or health care. The maximand is a mix. Yet decisions have to be made. This thought-provoking and insightful book will be of use to students and scholars of public policy, social policy and health economics. It will also be of interest to medical practitioners who want to situate hard choices about health and illness in a broad multidisciplinary context.
By 2030, the world will be short of approximately 15 million health workers - a fifth of the workforce needed to keep healthcare systems going. Global healthcare leader and award-winning author, Dr Mark Britnell, uses his unique insights from advising governments, executives, and clinicians in more than 70 countries, to present solutions to this impending crisis. Human: Solving the Global Workforce Crisis in Healthcare, calls for a reframing of the global debate about health and national wealth, and invites us to deal with this problem in new and adaptive ways that drive economic and human prosperity. Harnessing technology, it asks us to reimagine new models of care and levels of workforce agility. Drawing on experiences ranging from the world's most advanced hospitals to revolutionary new approaches in India and Africa, Dr Mark Britnell makes it clear what works - and what does not. Short and concise, this book gives a truly global perspective on the fundamental workforce issues facing health systems today.
Incorporating the work of an international team of researchers and professionals, this book examines the complex and challenging issues involved with risk management and patient safety. Taking a systemic and interdisciplinary approach, the book discusses: *System reliability and patient safety *Leadership, staff well-being and care quality *Healthcare organization and information systems *Risk managementa and communication *Usability of medical and surgical devices *Environmental design in hospital *Occupational ergonomics and safety *Human alertness and performance Comprising papers presented at the International Conference on Healthcare Ergonomics Systems and Patient Safety (HEPS 2005), this book will be a welcome addition to those working in the fields of clinical safety, ergonomics, and healthcare.
The Oxford Handbook for the Foundation Programme returns in a new edition to keep junior doctors, as well as their supervisors and senior medical students, up-to-date and give them the information and confidence they need to excel during and beyond the Foundation Programme. This new edition has been fully revised to take in the latest guidelines, the new junior doctors' contract, and the most recent Foundation Programme curriculum. It has new sections to demystify the NHS structure and explore key changes in social care and the interface with the NHS, and revised key information on the medical certificate of the cause of death, the role of the medical examiner, and changes to interactions with the coroner, as well as a new standalone chapter on Psychiatry. The junior doctor's pocket mentor, this handbook distils the knowledge of four authors across multiple NHS environments in an easy access format, covering everything from practical guidance at the patient's bedside to aspects of adapting to day-to-day life as a junior doctor that are rarely covered in medical school. With this indispensable survival guide to the Foundation Programme, you need never be alone on the wards again.
At a time when social inequalities are increasing at an alarming rate, this new edition of Mel Bartley's popular book is a vital resource for understanding the extent of health inequalities and why they are proving to be persistent despite decades of growing knowledge and policies on the issue. As in the first edition, by examining influences of social class, income, culture and wealth as well as gender, ethnicity and other factors in identity, this accessible book provides a key to understanding the major theories and explanations of what lies behind inequality in health. Bartley re-situates the classic behavioural, psycho-social, and material approaches within a life-course perspective. Evaluating the evidence of health outcomes over time and at local and national levels, Bartley argues that individual social integration demands closer attention if health inequality is to be tackled effectively, revealing the important part that identity plays in relation to the chances of a long and healthy life. Health Inequality will be essential reading for students taking courses in the sociology of health and illness, social policy and welfare, health sciences, public health and epidemiology and all those interested in understanding the consequences of social inequality for health.
Setting the standard for more than 30 years, Exercise Physiology has helped more than 350,000 students build a solid foundation in the scientific principles underlying modern exercise physiology. This Eighth Edition is updated with the latest research in the field to give you easy-to-understand, up-to-date coverage of how nutrition, energy transfer, and exercise training affect human performance. Get quick access to the resources available to help you master each section of the text with "Ancillaries at a Glance." Maximize your study time with the book's vibrant, "magazine style" design that makes the content more engaging and accessible and key information easier to find. Reinforce your understanding with Chapter Objectives, Integrative Questions that pose open-ended questions for reflection on complex concepts, and FYI sections that offer "good to know" information. Gain an understanding of how researchers contribute to our knowledge of exercise physiology through engaging section-opening interviews with key figures in the field. Learn how theoretical concepts relate to practical skills through "In a Practical Sense" features. Access the most relevant current information in the field through figures and tables that clarify important concepts and information. Gain an understanding of the past, present, and future of the profession through coverage of important milestones and future directions in the field. Visit the free companion website for anywhere, anytime access to over 30 animations of key exercise physiology concepts, the book's complete list of references, and more.
NEW UPDATED EDITION In this committed and compassionate book, Phil Hammond - a doctor, journalist, campaigner and patient - argues for a bidet revolution in the NHS - from the bottom up, with patients leading the charge. What we can do for ourselves to live well often far outweighs what modern medicine and the NHS can do for us. And when we do need to use the NHS, getting involved, speaking up and sharing our expertise can improve not just our care, but the care of others. We won't always succeed, but we can learn from failure as we try to get the best care possible in our precious and precarious health service. Dr Phil shares his own experiences of working in and investigating the NHS for 30 years, and combines it with the testimony and tactics of inspirational patients and carers. Some have survived and thrived in the NHS, some are planning a gentle death at home, and some have suffered greatly but are determined to improve the NHS so others don't have to.
Get a solid foundation in insurance billing and coding! Trusted for more than 30 years, Fordney's Medical Insurance equips you with the medical insurance skills you need to succeed in any of today's outpatient settings. The 15th edition has been expanded to include inpatient insurance and billing and ambulatory surgical center billing. Updated coverage emphasizes the role of the medical insurance specialist in areas such as diagnostic coding, procedural coding, Medicare, HIPAA, and bill collection strategies. As with previous editions, all the plans that are most commonly encountered in clinics and physicians' offices are incorporated into the text, as well as icons for different types of payers, lists of key abbreviations, and numerous practice exercises that accurately guide you through the process of filling out claim forms. In addition, SimChart for the Medical Office (SCMO) activities?on the companion Evolve website give you the opportunity to practice using electronic medical records. Separate chapter on HIPAA Compliance in Insurance Billing, as well as Compliance Alerts throughout highlights important HIPAA compliance issues to ensure you are compliant with the latest regulations. Separate chapter on documentation in the medical office covers the principles and rationales of medical documentation. Increased focus on electronic filing/claims submission prepares you for the industry-wide transition to electronic claims submission. Emphasis on the business of running a medical office and the importance of the medical insurance specialist prepares you for your role in the workplace. Detailed examples of potential situations throughout text signal you to be attentive to these types of occurrences. Specialized icons throughout text alert you to the connections and special considerations related to specific topics that medical insurance specialists need to be aware of. Procedures clearly outline in step-by-step format detail common responsibilities of the medical insurance specialist. UNIQUE! Interactive UB-04 Form filler on Evolve gives you additional practice with inpatient Electronic Health Records. SimChart for the Medical Office (SCMO) application activities on the companion Evolve website add additional functionality to the insurance module on the SCMO roadmap. Key terms are defined and emphasized throughout the text to reinforce your understanding of new concepts and terminology. NEW! Expanded coverage of inpatient insurance billing, including diagnosis and procedural coding provides you with the foundation and skills needed to work in the physician office, outpatient, and inpatient setting.?? NEW! Expanded coverage of Ambulatory Surgical Center (ASC) billing chapter provides you with the foundation and skills needed to work in this outpatient setting.? NEW! Updated information on general compliance issues, HIPAA, Affordable Care Act and coding ensures that you have the knowledge needed to enter today's ever-changing and highly regulated healthcare environment.
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