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This is a concise revision guide to the core basic sciences for all surgical trainees preparing for Part A of the Intercollegiate MRCS examination. Covering anatomy, physiology and pathology it has been written in a style to facilitate easy learning of the essential facts, with indications of both their clinical relevance and importance. This book concentrates on those topics which tend to be recurring examination themes for initial surgical training. It will be an invaluable resource for the basic surgical trainee as well as proving useful for those in higher surgical training and for the surgically-inclined, well-motivated student. The book covers in one volume all the essentials of the basic sciences - anatomy, physiology and pathology - to aid the candidate for the MRCS examination. In covering the applied basic science the books explains the application and clinical relevance of the three sciences. The text is written in an appropriate 'bullet-point' style to allow easy reading rapid exam preparation. The contents concentrate on the recurring common themes of the examination, thus helping direct appropriate learning and focussing on the specific important areas of knowledge. The book is illustrated with clear line drawings which are clearly annotated to aid learning. Now available on StudentConsult with a downloadable ebook version included. 250 new online single-best answer questions in the format of the MRCS Part A examination will give the reader valuable experience in assessing their knowledge. Each answer will refer back to text for further reading as required. New and updated OSCE 'Clinical scenarios' will be included at the end of every chapter.
Medical Physiology: Principles for Clinical Medicine richly presents the physiology knowledge necessary for clinical practice. Along with the latest information on how the human body reacts to internal and external changes, the text provides a deep understanding of how physiologic systems coordinate to maintain optimal health. Emphasizing normal physiology, discussions of pathophysiology are also included to show how altered functions are involved in disease processes. This fifth edition focuses on the physiologic principles key to understanding human function, and places them clearly in their fundamental context in clinical medicine. Clinical Focus essays highlight how and where physiology relates to clinical medicine and diagnosis. New Integrated Medical Sciences essays highlight the connections between physiology and other basic sciences, such as pharmacology, biochemistry, and genetics. Extensive chapter revisions in the Neuromuscular, Gastrointestinal, Renal, and Blood and Immunology parts have been provided by new expert contributors. End-of-chapter USMLE-style review questions, with answers and explanations, as well as new Clinical Application exercises , help students master the material. Conceptual diagrams facilitate comprehension of difficult concepts and presents both normal and abnormal clinical conditions. Active Learning Objectives, Chapter Summaries, and full-color artwork and tables facilitate learning and study. A companion website offers additional resources for students including animations, additional review questions, additional clinical application exercises, advanced clinical problem-solving exercises, and suggested readings.
COLOURING - A FUN WAY TO LEARN AND REVISE ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY! Are you overwhelmed by how much you have to learn? Do you want a fun and easy way to study A&P, and remember it? The perfect antidote to hours of dense reading, colouring is fun, creative and a proven learning technique. Put pencil to paper and help your brain to make deep learning connections, improving your ability to retain knowledge and recall it in class, exams or practise. You'll learn without even realising it! Features include: Short and simple introductions to each subject An innovative two step approach, asking you to identify the anatomy and complete the label and add colour as you work through each illustration.
Corresponding to the chapters in The Human Body in Health and Illness, 4th Edition, by Barbara Herlihy, this study guide offers fun and practical exercises to help you review, understand, and remember basic A&P. Even if you find science intimidating, this book can help you succeed. Each chapter includes three parts: Mastering the Basics with matching, ordering, labeling, diagram reading, and coloring exercises Putting It All Together including multiple-choice quizzes and case studies Challenge Yourself! with critical thinking questions and puzzles Textbook page references are included with the questions to make it easier to review difficult topics. Objectives at the beginning of each chapter reinforce the goals of the textbook and set a framework for study. UPDATED content matches the new and revised material in the 5th edition of the textbook. UPDATED coloring exercises improve your retention of the material. NEW exercises are included on the endocrine system, hematocrit and blood coagulation, the preload and afterload function of the heart, identifying arteries and veins, the lymphatic system, and the components of the stomach.
For a comprehensive understanding of human physiology - from molecules to systems -turn to the latest edition of Medical Physiology. This updated textbook is known for its unparalleled depth of information, equipping students with a solid foundation for a future in medicine and healthcare, and providing clinical and research professionals with a reliable go-to reference. Complex concepts are presented in a clear, concise, and logically organized format to further facilitate understanding and retention. Clear, didactic illustrations visually present processes in a clear, concise manner that is easy to understand. Intuitive organization and consistent writing style facilitates navigation and comprehension. Takes a strong molecular and cellular approach that relates these concepts to human physiology and disease. Student Consult eBook version included with purchase. This enhanced eBook experience includes access -- on a variety of devices -- to the complete text with thorough hyperlinking, images, 10 animations, and copious linkout notes prepared by the Editors. An increased number of clinical correlations provides a better understanding of the practical applications of physiology in medicine. Highlights new breakthroughs in molecular and cellular processes, such as the role of epigenetics, necroptosis, and ion channels in physiologic processes, to give insights into human development, growth, and disease. Several new authors offer fresh perspectives in many key sections of the text, and meticulous editing makes this multi-authored resource read with one unified voice. Your purchase entitles you to access the web site until the next edition is published, or until the current edition is no longer offered for sale by Elsevier, whichever occurs first. If the next edition is published less than one year after your purchase, you will be entitled to online access for one year from your date of purchase. Elsevier reserves the right to offer a suitable replacement product (such as a downloadable or CD-ROM-based electronic version) should online access to the web site be discontinued.
What teeth can teach us about the evolution of the human species Whether we realize it or not, we carry in our mouths the legacy of our evolution. Our teeth are like living fossils that can be studied and compared to those of our ancestors to teach us how we became human. In Evolution's Bite, noted paleoanthropologist Peter Ungar brings together for the first time cutting-edge advances in understanding human evolution and climate change with new approaches to uncovering dietary clues from fossil teeth to present a remarkable investigation into the ways that teeth--their shape, chemistry, and wear--reveal how we came to be. Ungar describes how a tooth's "foodprints"--distinctive patterns of microscopic wear and tear--provide telltale details about what an animal actually ate in the past. These clues, combined with groundbreaking research in paleoclimatology, demonstrate how a changing climate altered the food options available to our ancestors, what Ungar calls the biospheric buffet. When diets change, species change, and Ungar traces how diet and an unpredictable climate determined who among our ancestors was winnowed out and who survived, as well as why we transitioned from the role of forager to farmer. By sifting through the evidence--and the scars on our teeth--Ungar makes the important case for what might or might not be the most natural diet for humans. Traveling the four corners of the globe and combining scientific breakthroughs with vivid narrative, Evolution's Bite presents a unique dental perspective on our astonishing human development.
Practice your way to a high score in your anatomy & physiology class The human body has 11 major anatomical systems, 206 bones, and dozens of organs, tissues, and fluids--that's a lot to learn if you want to ace your anatomy & physiology class! Luckily, you can master them all with this hands-on book + online experience. Memorization is the key to succeeding in A&P, and Anatomy & Physiology Workbook For Dummies gives you all the practice you need to score high. Inside and online, you'll find exactly what you need to help you understand, memorize, and retain every bit of the human body. Jam packed with memorization tricks, test-prep tips, and hundreds of practice exercises, it's the ideal resource to help you make anatomy and physiology your minion! Take an online review quiz for every chapter Use the workbook as a supplement to classroom learning Be prepared for whatever comes your way on test day Gain confidence with practical study tips If you're gearing up for a career in the medical field and need to take this often-tough class to fulfill your academic requirements as a high school or college student, this workbook gives you the edge you need to pass with flying colors.
This book is a concise but detailed treatise on the laryngeal nervous system. It is ideal for researchers starting work in this field in that it provides a quick update on present-day basic neurolaryngology. A brief introduction to the methodology that made recent progress possible is followed by a review of classical basic neuroanatomy and neurophysiology. Additionally, the book provides some of the most recent findings in neurolaryngology. The many illustrative figures and microscopic photographs help readers to achieve a clearer understanding of the text and ample references provide links to further reading in specific areas of the field. The book contains much general material that will be instructive even for researchers not specializing in basic neurolaryngology and will provide an essential grounding for clinicians in laryngology.
This popular introduction to anatomy and physiology now includes new sections on the ear, nose, throat and tooth.
Fundamentals of Applied Pathophysiology continues to be an accessible and comprehensive introductory text to pathophysiology, written specifically for nursing and healthcare students to assist in the understanding of human anatomy, and the complex disease patterns that affect normal physiology. Thoroughly updated, and with full-colour illustrations throughout, this new edition incorporates additional learning features including reflective questions at the end of each chapter, investigation boxes, medication alerts, red flags to indicate essential information to be aware of when providing care, vital signs boxes relating to physiological measurements as well as inclusion of the National Early Warning Score. With emphasis placed on a multidisciplinary approach, Fundamentals of Applied Pathophysiology highlights the importance of contemporary, safe, and effective practice in an environment in which the delivery of care is constantly evolving.
The 13th edition of Guyton and Hall Textbook of Medical Physiology continues this bestselling title's long tradition as the world's foremost medical physiology textbook. Unlike other textbooks on this topic, this clear and comprehensive guide has a consistent, single-author voice and focuses on the content most relevant to clinical and pre-clinical students. The detailed but lucid text is complemented by didactic illustrations that summarize key concepts in physiology and pathophysiology. Larger font size emphasizes core information around how the body must maintain homeostasis in order to remain healthy, while supporting information and examples are detailed in smaller font and highlighted in pale blue. Summary figures and tables help quickly convey key processes covered in the text. Bold full-color drawings and diagrams. Short, easy-to-read, masterfully edited chapters and a user-friendly full-color design. Brand-new quick-reference chart of normal lab values on the inside back cover. Increased number of figures, clinical correlations, and cellular and molecular mechanisms important for clinical medicine. Student Consult eBook version included with purchase. This enhanced eBook experience includes the complete text, interactive figures, references, plus 50 self-assessment questions and more than a dozen animations.
Mastering the essentials of anatomy, physiology, and even medical terminology has never been easier! Using simple, conversational language and vivid animations and illustrations, Structure & Function of the Body, 15th Edition walks readers through the normal structure and function of the human body and what the body does to maintain homeostasis. Plus, this new edition also features new Language of Science and Medicine sections that introduce readers to important medical terminology as it corresponds to anatomy and physiology. If you're looking for a solid understanding of structures, functions, and descriptions of the body then look no further than this dynamic text. Conversational and clear writing style makes content easy to read and understand. Full-color design contains more than 400 drawings and photos. Clear View of the Human Body is a unique, full-color, semi-transparent insert depicting the human body (male and female) in layers. Animation Direct callouts direct readers to Evolve for an animation about a specific topic. Updated study tips sections at the beginning of each chapter help break down difficult topics and guide readers on how to best use book features to their advantage. Special boxes such as Health and Well-Being boxes, Clinical Application boxes, Research and Trends boxes, and more help readers apply what they have learned to their future careers in health care and science. Questions for review are found throughout the chapters and cover critical thinking, open-ended, fill-in-the-blank, matching, multiple-choice, and other question formats. Chapter outlines, objectives, and outline summaries offer readers easy ways to organize and prioritize content. NEW! Language of Science and Medicine section in each chapter includes key terms, word parts, and pronunciations to place a greater focus on medical terminology. NEW! Thoroughly revised chapters, illustrations, and review questions reflect the most current information available. NEW! High quality animations for the AnimationDirect feature clarify physiological processes and provide a realistic foundation of underlying structures and functions. NEW! Simplified chapter titles provide clarity in the table of contents. NEW! Division of cells and tissues into two separate chapters improves reader comprehension and reduces text anxiety.
Milady's Student Reference for Anatomy and Physiology has been revised and expanded. This all-new edition includes more comprehensive coverage of the various body systems as well as brief descriptions of each system to increase understanding of the system's function. This must-have reference for the beauty and wellness student includes cross sections and multiple views of eleven main body systems. This is the perfect addition to any cosmetology, barbering, nail technology, esthetics or massage therapy student's study materials.
Since the first edition of this book was published in 2004, to much acclaim, the pace of innovation in the field of skin metrology has increased and various new technologies have become available. This new, revised edition reflects these advances by presenting the current theory and practice of noninvasive investigation and measurement of the skin and its appendices in health and disease. The first, extensive part of this authoritative work is devoted to the physiology and metrology of the various structural components of the skin. Skin functions and their measurement are then discussed in detail, with sections on mechanical protection, photoprotection, barrier function, immune function, thermoregulation, and sensory function. In addition, careful consideration is given to skin disease rating and skin maps, and a unique list of physical and biological constants and units is provided. Not only is this new edition the first comprehensive, practical handbook in this domain - it will also serve as a manual of skin physiology and collates anatomical, functional, and physical quantitative data that would otherwise be arduous to retrieve because of their dispersal throughout the literature. It will prove a valuable resource for dermatologists, cosmetologists, bioengineers, physiologists, pharmacists, and all others who deal with the skin in their work.
Part of a unique series written for Access to Higher Education students, this book addresses those modules covering the body and its systems. If you are studying on a pathway for the healthcare professions or biology, this book will guide you through topics such as circulation and breathing, the nervous system and stress and illness. With learning objectives at the beginning of each chapter and summaries at the end, you will learn all you need to progress to your chosen course at university.
Nunn's Applied Respiratory Physiology, Eighth Edition, is your concise, one-stop guide to all aspects of respiratory physiology in health, disease, and in the many physiologically challenging situations and environments into which humans take themselves - with coverage from basic science to clinical applications. This most comprehensive single volume on respiratory physiology will be invaluable to those in training or preparing for examinations in anaesthesia, intensive care, respiratory medicine or thoracic surgery - as well as an essential quick reference for the range of practitioners requiring ready access to current knowledge in this field. Now fully revised and updated, this eighth edition includes a new full-colour format to improve clarity and understanding - and it also comes with access to the complete, downloadable eBook version for the first time. This incorporates bonus chapters, handy topic summaries and new, interactive, self-assessment material. The result is a more flexible, engaging and complete resource than ever before. Enhancements to this edition include:? New full colour format - enhances the 250+ diagrams and allows a much clearer portrayal of physiological concepts New figures reflect modern functional imaging techniques - which are now able to generate detailed pictures of lung ventilation and perfusion in humans A new section on the aims, effects and physiological basis of respiratory physiotherapy - to help both physiotherapists and doctors better understand this common intervention for treating patients' respiratory disease Additional information on the significant impact of obesity?on respiratory physiology in both health and disease New sections on comparative respiratory physiology and respiratory physiology in veterinary practice - understanding respiration in less complex animals and the place of human respiration within the animal kingdom will be of interest to students/practitioners in biology, zoology or veterinary medicine, as well as enlightening in other contexts Bonus eBook access - (printed book) includes access to the complete, fully searchable electronic text, via Expert Consult - incoporating extra chapters, handy chapter summaries and new self-assessment material to aid exam preparation Key features include: The three-part structure of pure physiology (basic principles), applied physiology and physiology of respiratory disease is retained Use of clear, simple diagrams to illustrate the material. Duplication of US and rest-of-the-world units References to recent research material to allow readers to explore topics in more depth New full colour format - enhances the 250+ diagrams and allows a much clearer portrayal of physiological concepts New figures reflect modern functional imaging techniques - which are now able to generate detailed pictures of lung ventilation and perfusion in humans A new section on the aims, effects and physiological basis of respiratory physiotherapy - to help both physiotherapists and doctors better understand this common intervention for treating patients' respiratory disease Additional information on the significant impact of obesity?on respiratory physiology in both health and disease New sections on comparative respiratory physiology and respiratory physiology in veterinary practice - understanding respiration in less complex animals and the place of human respiration within the animal kingdom will be of interest to students/practitioners in biology, zoology or veterinary medicine, as well as enlightening in other contexts Bonus eBook access - (printed book) includes access to the complete, fully searchable electronic text, via Expert Consult - incoporating extra chapters, handy chapter summaries and new self-assessment material to aid exam preparation
Cardiovascular diseases have a major impact in Western countries. Mathematical models and numerical simulations can help the understanding of physiological and pathological processes, complementing the information provided to medical doctors by medical imaging and other non-invasive means, and opening the possibility of a better diagnosis and more in-depth surgical planning. This book offers a mathematical update of the state of the art of the research in the field, and serves as a useful reference for the development of mathematical models and numerical simulation codes. It is structured into different chapters, written by outstanding experts in the field. Many fundamental issues are considered, such as: the mathematical representation of vascular geometries extracted from medical images, modelling blood rheology and the complex multilayer structure of the vascular tissue, and its possible pathologies, the mechanical and chemical interaction between blood and vascular walls; the different scales coupling local and systemic dynamics. All of these topics introduce challenging mathematical and numerical problems, demanding for advanced analysis and efficient simulation techniques. This book is addressed to graduate students and researchers in the field of bioengineering, applied mathematics and medicine, wishing to engage themselves in the fascinating task of modeling the cardiovascular system or, more broadly, physiological flows
Studies of human movement have proliferated in recent years. This greatly expanded and thoroughly updated reference surveys the literature on the corticospinal control of spinal cord circuits in human subjects, showing how different circuits can be studied, their role in normal movement and how they malfunction in disease states. Chapters are highly illustrated and consistently organised, reviewing, for each pathway, the experimental background, methodology, organisation and control, role during motor tasks and changes in patients with CNS lesions. Each chapter concludes with a helpful resume that can be used independently of the main text to provide practical guidance for clinical studies. The final four chapters bring together the changes in transmission in spinal and corticospinal pathways during movement and how they contribute to the desired movement. This book is essential reading for research workers and clinicians involved in the study, treatment and rehabilitation of movement disorders.
The Brain Atlas: A Visual Guide to the Human Central Nervous System integrates modern neuroscience with clinical practice and is now significantly revised and updated for a Fourth Edition. The book's five sections cover: Background Information, The Brain and Its Blood Vessels, Brain Slices, Histological Sections, and Pathways. These are depicted in over 350 high quality intricate figures making it the best available visual guide to human neuroanatomy.
Many fields have explored the nature of mental life from psychology to psychiatry, literature to linguistics. Yet no common "framework" where each of these important perspectives can be honored and integrated with one another has been created in which a person seeking their collective wisdom can find answers to some basic questions, such as, What is the purpose of life? Why are we here? How do we know things, how are we conscious of ourselves? What is the mind? What makes a mind healthy or unwell? And, perhaps most importantly: What is the connection among the mind, the brain, and our relationships with one another? Our mental lives are profoundly relational. The interactions we have with one another shape our mental world. Yet as any neuroscientist will tell you, the mind is shaped by the firing patterns in the brain. And so how can we reconcile this tension-that the mind is both embodied and relational? Interpersonal Neurobiology is a way of thinking across this apparent conceptual divide. This Pocket Guide to Interpersonal Neurobiology is designed to aid in your personal and professional application of the interpersonal neurobiology approach to developing a healthy mind, an integrated brain, and empathic relationships. It is also designed to assist you in seeing the intricate foundations of interpersonal neurobiology as you read other books in the Norton Series on Interpersonal Neurobiology. Praise for Daniel J. Siegel's books: "Siegel is a must-read author for anyone interested in the science of the mind." -Daniel Goleman, author of Social Intelligence: The New Science of Human Relationships "[S]tands out for its skillful weaving together of the interpersonal, the inner world, the latest science, and practical applications." -Jack Kornfield, PhD, founding teacher of the Insight Meditation Society and Spirit Rock Center, and author of A Path With Heart "Siegel has both a meticulous understanding of the roles of different parts of the brain and an intimate relationship with mindfulness . . . [A]n exciting glimpse of an uncharted territory of neuroscience." -Scientific American Mind "Dr. Daniel Siegel is one of the most thoughtful, eloquent, scientifically solid and reputable exponents of mind/body/brain integration in the world today." -Jon Kabat-Zinn, PhD, author of Wherever You Go, There You Are, Full Catastrophe Living, and Coming to Our Senses
Why does holding a hot drink make us like people more? How can a soldier under fire not even notice he's been shot? What makes sex so much fun? Touch is the most important sense we have. Without it, we cannot entirely feel pleasure or pain - we are less than human. In fact, as David Linden demonstrates in the astonishing stories gathered here, touch is central to who we are - from choosing our partners to comforting us on our deathbeds. Exploring the many surprising facts and myths about our sense of touch, Linden reveals how it defines us - and how, by understanding it, we can better know ourselves.
Sport and exercise physiologists are called upon to carry out
physiological assessments that have proven validity and
reliability, both in sport-specific and health-related contexts. A
wide variety of test protocols have been developed and refined.
This book is a comprehensive guide to these protocols and to the
key issues relating to physiological testing.
Volume I covers sport-specific testing, and Volume II covers
clinical and exercise specific testing.
With contributions from leading specialist sport, exercise and
clincial physiologists, and covering a wide range of mainstream
sports, special populations, and ethical, practical and
methodological issues, these volumes represent an essential
resource for sport-specific and clinical exercise testing in both
research and applied settings.
Visit the companion website at www.routledgesport.com/bases
This volume contains reviews and brief research articles from participants attending the International Society for Arterial Chemoreception meeting, to be held in the USA (July 2017). Each article contains original data and represents up-to-date information concerning the carotid body and oxygen sensing in health and disease. This volume is a required text for all researchers in the field of arterial chemoreception and will provide a valuable reference source for years to come.
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