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..".the most useful, practical book I have seen on the management
of turfgrass insect pests...mandatory reading for turfgrass
managers in golf, lawns, and sports..." --Dr. James B. Beard,
International Sports Turf Institute, Inc.
Designed for both novice and experienced superintendents, this
field-manual will help you understand and implement successful
integrated pest management techniques. Each chapter begins with a
solid introduction, followed by step-by-step lists to aid in the
field application of IPM principles to real world situations. Over
150 photographs--32 in color--along with informative tables and
drawings illustrate the key points. Actual examples and success
stories are presented by superintendents from across the country to
help you plan or improve your IPM program.
"Presto! No More Pests!" proclaimed a 1955 article introducing two new pesticides, ""miracle-workers for the housewife and back-yard farmer."" Easy to use, effective, and safe: who wouldn't love synthetic pesticides? Apparently most Americans did-and apparently still do. Why-in the face of dire warnings, rising expense, and declining effectiveness-do we cling to our chemicals? Michelle Mart wondered. Her book, a cultural history of pesticide use in postwar America, offers an answer. America's embrace of synthetic pesticides began when they burst on the scene during World War II and has held steady into the 21st century-for example, more than 90% of soybeans grown in the US in 2008 are Roundup Ready GMOs, dependent upon generous use of the herbicide glyphosate to control weeds. Mart investigates the attraction of pesticides, with their up-to-the-minute promise of modernity, sophisticated technology, and increased productivity-in short, their appeal to human dreams of controlling nature. She also considers how they reinforced Cold War assumptions of Western economic and material superiority. Though the publication of Rachel Carson's Silent Spring and the rise of environmentalism might have marked a turning point in Americans' faith in pesticides, statistics tell a different story. Pesticides, a Love Story recounts the campaign against DDT that famously ensued; but the book also shows where our notions of Silent Spring's revolutionary impact falter-where, in spite of a ban on DDT, farm use of pesticides in the United States more than doubled in the thirty years after the book was published. As a cultural survey of popular and political attitudes toward pesticides, Pesticides, a Love Story tries to make sense of this seeming paradox. At heart, it is an exploration of the story we tell ourselves about the costs and benefits of pesticides-and how corporations, government officials, ordinary citizens, and the press shape that story to reflect our ideals, interests, and emotions.
Non-Chemical Weed Control is the first book to present an overview of plant crop protection against non-food plants using non-chemical means. Plants growing wild-particularly unwanted plants found in cultivated ground to the exclusion of the desired crop-have been treated with herbicides and chemical treatments in the past. As concern over environmental, food and consumer safety increases, research has turned to alternatives, including the use of cover crops, thermal treatments and biotechnology to reduce and eliminate unwanted plants. This book provides insight into existing and emerging alternative crop protection methods and includes lessons learned from past methodologies. As crop production resources decline while consumer concerns over safety increase, the effective control of weeds is imperative to insure the maximum possible levels of soil, sunlight and nutrients reach the crop plants.
Commensal rodents pose health risks and cause substantial damage to property and food supplies. Rats have also invaded islands and pose a serious threat to native wildlife, particularly raptors and seabirds. Estimates of total damage from introduced rats range into the billions of dollars in developed countries. This book aims to provide a state-of-the-art overview of the scientific advancements in the assessment of exposure, effects and risks that currently used rodenticides may pose to non-target organisms in the environment, along with practical guidance for characterization of hazards. This will be discussed in relation to their efficacy, and the societal needs for rodent control, and discussion of risk mitigation and development of alternatives. The flow in the book is planned as: a. introduction and setting the scene b. problem description (risks and effects on non-targets and secondary poisoning, development of resistance) c. ; alternatives, regulation and risk mitigation d. conclusions and recommendations
The goal of this book is to bring together several factors regarding a threatening concern of our society today: how our production systems impact life on Earth. All ecosystems around us endure the effects of the way we manage resources in order to survive and thrive. All biomes are highly interconnected, and it is clear that we cannot live with unhealthy land, atmosphere and water. The aquatic ecosystems are incredibly delicate, yet, they have been suffering a lot from man-made pollution in several forms, from industrial effluents to the presence of pesticides, mostly coming from agricultural practices. Humans have a special connection with water, not only because it is the origin of life itself, but also because it is a primary material for so much that we need, even if we do not see it clearly. Understanding the mechanisms by which these chemicals reach water bodies, how they behave in such systems, and the impact they have on organisms of all sizes, shapes and roles in the food web, is essential to better protect them. By doing this, directly and indirectly we are protecting ourselves. This book is a collection of basic literature, which present findings that are foundational for the environmental research of the forthcoming decades, recent mechanistic discoveries at cellular levels, as well as a summary of useful strategies to assess risk and to execute monitoring with advanced laboratory techniques.
A pesticide is a substance or a mixture of substances used for killing pests: organisms dangerous to cultivated plants or to animals. The term applies to various pesticides such as insecticide, fungicide, herbicide and nematocide. Applications of pesticides to crops and animals may leave residues in or on food when it is consumed, and those specified derivatives are considered to be of toxicological significance. Pesticides which are used for preventing or destroying pest is having more negative impact on our ecological system when compared to its desired action. Pesticides are carried by wind to other areas and make them contaminate. Pesticides are also causing water pollution and some pesticides are persistent organic pollutants which contribute to soil contamination. Pesticide residue refers to the pesticides that may remain on or in food after they are applied to food crops. The maximum allowable levels of these residues in foods are often stipulated by regulatory bodies in many countries. Exposure of the general population to these residues most commonly occurs through consumption of treated food sources, or being in close contact to areas treated with pesticides such as farms or lawns. Defined by the World Health Organization (WTO) as, "Any substance or mixture of substances in food for man or animals resulting from the use of a pesticide and includes any specified derivatives, such as degradation and conversion products, metabolites, reaction products, and impurities that are considered to be of toxicological significance." Many of chemical residues, especially derivatives of chlorinated pesticides, exhibit bioaccumulation which could build up to harmful levels in the body as well as in the environment. Persistent chemicals can be magnified through the food chain and have been detected in products ranging from meat, poultry, and fish, to vegetable oils, nuts, and various fruits and vegetables. The publication in 1962 of the famous Silent Spring by the biologist Rachel Carson made popular the risks associated to DDT (dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane). This was followed by the cancelation of this pesticide for agricultural uses by US authorities. Other prominent examples of pesticide cancelation include EDB (ethylene dibromide) in 1983 and methyl bromide in 2005. It is well known now that a significant fraction of pesticides are carcinogenic; for instance, 18% of all insecticides and 90% of all fungicides were found to be carcinogenic (NAS, 1987 `Regulating pesticides in food'. Washington DC, National Academy of Sciences.). It is also well known that pesticide residues remain for long periods of time, and that they are especially toxic to the young. Also, pesticides kill domestic animals, fishes and bees. Moreover, their use results in the development and evolution of pesticide resistance in insects, weeds and plant pathogens. Nevertheless hundreds of pesticides are used worldwide, and some pesticides are used in some countries but not in others. For instance, the main pesticide which is used in corn production in the US is atrazine, but this pesticide has been banned in the EU because of its toxicity since 2004. This book is highlighting pesticides residue in our food, food safety, its impact on our health, health risk, pesticides residue in fruits, vegetables, milk & its products and honey bees and finally its removal. Hope this book contributes in raising awareness about the use of pesticides and the risk associated with its use leading finally to the rational use of pesticides having its benefits without compromising our health. The publication was made possible due to the efforts and the expertise of the contributing authors. They are gratefully acknowledged.
Presto! No More Pests!" proclaimed a 1955 article introducing two new pesticides, "miracle-workers for the housewife and back-yard farmer." Easy to use, effective, and safe: who couldn't love synthetic pesticides? Apparently most Americans did-and apparently still do. Why-in the face of dire warnings, rising expense, and declining effectiveness-do we cling to our chemicals? Michelle Mart wondered. Her book, a cultural history of pesticide use in postwar America, offers an answer. America's embrace of synthetic pesticides began when they burst on the scene during World War II and has held steady into the 21st century-for example, more than 90% of soybeans grown in the US in 2008 are Roundup Ready GMOs, dependent upon generous use of the herbicide glyphosate to control weeds. Mart investigates the attraction of pesticides, with their up-to-theminute promise of modernity, sophisticated technology, and increased productivity-in short, their appeal to human dreams of controlling nature. She also considers how they reinforced Cold War assumptions of Western economic and material superiority. Though the publication of Rachel Carson's Silent Spring and the rise of environmentalism might have marked a turning point in Americans' faith in pesticides, statistics tell a different story. Pesticides, a Love Story recounts the campaign against DDT that famously ensued; but the book also shows where our notions of Silent Spring's revolutionary impact falter-where, in spite of a ban on DDT, farm use of pesticides in the United States more than doubled in the thirty years after the book was published. As a cultural survey of popular and political attitudes toward pesticides, Pesticides, a Love Story tries to make sense of this seeming paradox. At heart, it is an exploration of the story we tell ourselves about the costs and benefits of pesticides-and how corporations, government officials, ordinary citizens, and the press shape that story to reflect our ideals, interests, and emotions.
In the race to feed the world's seven billion people, we are at a
standstill. Over the past century, we have developed increasingly
potent and sophisticated pesticides, yet in 2014, the average
percentage of U.S. crops lost to agricultural pests was no less
than in 1944. To use a metaphor the field of evolutionary biology
borrowed from "Alice in Wonderland," farmers must run ever faster
to stay in the same place--i.e., produce the same yields.
First published in 1948 as the second edition of a 1931 original, this book deals with the main types of insects found on British farms, the damage they can cause and the various weeds that can harbour them. The text is richly illustrated with photographs and drawings of the insects, their eggs and the symptoms of their attack on common farm plants. This book will be of value to anyone with an interest in the history of entomology.
If you are wondering why house flies, fruit flies, cockroaches, mice, ants, and other pests often show up in your kitchen, or if you want to know how to avoid bed bug infestation, then you should read this book. "Beat bed bugs and other pests: learn how to rid your house of the pesky critters" provides information to the public on the most common pests in homes and recommends simple solutions for their control. With over 100 colour photos, this handbook will enable you to identify almost any insect in your house or in your business. Written primarily for homeowners and business operators, it is a valuable source of information on ways to prevent and control household pests.
Among the many challenges facing the contemporary smallholder who keeps livestock and grows his own food, is how to deal with the various pests that are capable of decimating crops, degrading pasture, stealing produce, contaminating animal feed and killing valuable livestock. This book provides the smallholder with the knowledge and the information about the skills to meet this challenge in an effective and humane way.
Provides a state-of-the-science overview of arthropods affecting grape production around the world. Vineyard pest management is a dynamic and evolving field, and the contributed chapters provide insights into arthropods that limit this important crop and its products. Written by international experts from the major grape-growing regions, it provides a global overview of arthropods affecting vines and the novel strategies being used to prevent economic losses, including invasive pests affecting viticulture. The book contains reviews of the theoretical basis of integrated pest management, multiple chapters on biological control, current status of chemical control, as well as in-depth and well-illustrated reviews of the major arthropod pests affecting grape production and how they are being managed worldwide. This text will serve as a primary resource for applied entomologists, students, growers, and consultants with interests at the intersection of viticulture and applied entomology.
The management of tropical forest ecosystems is essential to the health of the planet. This book addresses forest insect pest problems across the world's tropics, addressing the pests' ecology, impact and possible approaches for their control. Fully updated, this second edition also includes discussions of new areas of interest including climate change, invasive species, forest health and plant clinics. This work is an indispensible resource for students, researchers and practitioners of forestry, ecology, pest management and entomology in tropical and subtropical countries.
"Insect Pest Control" surveys extensive literature related to the use of plant resources for controlling insect pests. Different activities of plants like antifeedant, larvicidal/insecticidal, ovicidal, repellent, growth regulation, chemosterilant, pbytohormones, etc., have been compiled under agriculture pests, store grain pests, mosquitoes and beneficial insects. While scientists have identified many plants and their products with insect control properties, farmers are looking for plant-derived substance to control insect pests and people from industries are looking for safe and natural alternatives to be promoted amongst the farmers. This book fulfills these needs of students, researchers and teachers and supports environment-friendly agriculture.
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