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Books > Social sciences > Sociology, social studies > Social groups & communities > Social classes > General

Status in Classical Athens (Hardcover): Deborah Kamen Status in Classical Athens (Hardcover)
Deborah Kamen
R928 R717 Discovery Miles 7 170 Save R211 (23%) Ships in 10 - 15 working days

Ancient Greek literature, Athenian civic ideology, and modern classical scholarship have all worked together to reinforce the idea that there were three neatly defined status groups in classical Athens--citizens, slaves, and resident foreigners. But this book--the first comprehensive account of status in ancient democratic Athens--clearly lays out the evidence for a much broader and more complex spectrum of statuses, one that has important implications for understanding Greek social and cultural history. By revealing a social and legal reality otherwise masked by Athenian ideology, Deborah Kamen illuminates the complexity of Athenian social structure, uncovers tensions between democratic ideology and practice, and contributes to larger questions about the relationship between citizenship and democracy.

Each chapter is devoted to one of ten distinct status groups in classical Athens (451/0-323 BCE): chattel slaves, privileged chattel slaves, conditionally freed slaves, resident foreigners (metics), privileged metics, bastards, disenfranchised citizens, naturalized citizens, female citizens, and male citizens. Examining a wide range of literary, epigraphic, and legal evidence, as well as factors not generally considered together, such as property ownership, corporal inviolability, and religious rights, the book demonstrates the important legal and social distinctions that were drawn between various groups of individuals in Athens. At the same time, it reveals that the boundaries between these groups were less fixed and more permeable than Athenians themselves acknowledged. The book concludes by trying to explain why ancient Greek literature maintains the fiction of three status groups despite a far more complex reality.

Intersectionality - An Intellectual History (Paperback): Ange-Marie Hancock Intersectionality - An Intellectual History (Paperback)
Ange-Marie Hancock
R690 Discovery Miles 6 900 Ships in 10 - 15 working days

Intersectionality theory has emerged over the past thirty years as a way to think about the avenues by which inequalities (most often dealing with, but not limited to, race, gender, class and sexuality) are produced. Rather than seeing such categories as signaling distinct identities that can be adopted, imposed or rejected, intersectionality theory considers the logic by which each of these categories is socially constructed as well as how they operate within the diffusion of power relations. In other words, social and political power are conferred through categories of identity, and these identities bear vastly material effects. Rather than look at inequalities as a relationship between those at the center and those on the margins, intersectionality maps the relative ways in which identity politics create power. Though intersectionality theory has emerged as a highly influential school of thought in ethnic studies, gender studies, law, political science, sociology and psychology, no scholarship to date exists on the evolution of the theory. In the absence of a comprehensive intellectual history of the theory, it is often discussed in vague, ahistorical terms. And while scholars have called for greater specificity and attention to the historical foundations of intersectionality theory, their idea of the history to be included is generally limited to the particular currents in the United States. This book seeks to remedy the vagueness and murkiness attributed to intersectionality by attending to the historical, geographical, and cross-disciplinary myopia afflicting current intersectionality scholarship. This comprehensive intellectual history is an agenda-setting work for the theory.

The Maid's Daughter - Living Inside and Outside the American Dream (Hardcover): Mary Romero The Maid's Daughter - Living Inside and Outside the American Dream (Hardcover)
Mary Romero
R1,758 R1,394 Discovery Miles 13 940 Save R364 (21%) Ships in 10 - 15 working days

2012 Americo Paredes Book Award Winner for Non-Fiction presented by the Center for Mexican American Studies at South Texas College Selected as a 2012 Outstanding Title by AAUP University Press Books for Public and Secondary School Libraries This is Olivia's story. Born in Los Angeles, she is taken to Mexico to live with her extended family until the age of three. Olivia then returns to L.A. to live with her mother, Carmen, the live-in maid to a wealthy family. Mother and daughter sleep in the maid's room, just off the kitchen. Olivia is raised alongside the other children of the family. She goes to school with them, eats meals with them, and is taken shopping for clothes with them. She is like a member of the family. Except she is not. Based on over twenty years of research, noted scholar Mary Romero brings Olivia's remarkable story to life. We watch as she grows up among the children of privilege, struggles through adolescence, declares her independence and eventually goes off to college and becomes a successful professional. Much of this extraordinary story is told in Olivia's voice and we hear of both her triumphs and setbacks. We come to understand the painful realization of wanting to claim a Mexican heritage that is in many ways not her own and of her constant struggle to come to terms with the great contradictions in her life. In The Maid's Daughter, Mary Romero explores this complex story about belonging, identity, and resistance, illustrating Olivia's challenge to establish her sense of identity, and the patterns of inclusion and exclusion in her life. Romero points to the hidden costs of paid domestic labor that are transferred to the families of private household workers and nannies, and shows how everyday routines are important in maintaining and assuring that various forms of privilege are passed on from one generation to another. Through Olivia's story, Romero shows how mythologies of meritocracy, the land of opportunity, and the American dream remain firmly in place while simultaneously erasing injustices and the struggles of the working poor. A happy ending for the maid's daughter: Hector Tobar's profile of Olivia for the LA Times

The Burdens of Aspiration - Schools, Youth, and Success in the Divided Social Worlds of Silicon Valley (Paperback): Elsa Jean... The Burdens of Aspiration - Schools, Youth, and Success in the Divided Social Worlds of Silicon Valley (Paperback)
Elsa Jean Davidson
R635 R538 Discovery Miles 5 380 Save R97 (15%) Ships in 10 - 15 working days

During the tech boom, Silicon Valley became one of the most concentrated zones of wealth polarization and social inequality in the United States--a place with a fast-disappearing middle class, persistent pockets of poverty, and striking gaps in educational and occupational achievement along class and racial lines. Low-wage workers and their families experienced a profound sense of exclusion from the techno-entrepreneurial culture, while middle class residents, witnessing up close the seemingly overnight success of a "new entrepreneurial" class, negotiated both new and seemingly unattainable standards of personal success and the erosion of their own economic security.

"The Burdens of Aspiration" explores the imprint of the region's success-driven public culture, the realities of increasing social and economic insecurity, and models of success emphasized in contemporary public schools for the region's working and middle class youth. Focused on two disparate groups of students--low-income, "at-risk" Latino youth attending a specialized program exposing youth to high tech industry within an "under-performing" public high school, and middle-income white and Asian students attending a "high-performing" public school with informal connections to the tech elite--Elsa Davidson offers an in-depth look at the process of forming aspirations across lines of race and class. By analyzing the successes and sometimes unanticipated effects of the schools' attempts to shape the aspirations and values of their students, she provides keen insights into the role schooling plays in social reproduction, and how dynamics of race and class inform ideas about responsible citizenship that are instilled in America's youth.

Fables of Fortune - What Rich People Have That You Don't Want (Hardcover): Richard Watts Fables of Fortune - What Rich People Have That You Don't Want (Hardcover)
Richard Watts
R424 R396 Discovery Miles 3 960 Save R28 (7%) Ships in 7 - 11 working days

Imagine private jets ready for an afternoon flight to New York City for a transcontinental shopping trip . . . luxury yachts circling the globe awaiting their owner's arrival . . . fully staffed but rarely visited vacation homes throughout the world. The rich live trouble free lives of graceful ease. Or do they?
In "Fables of Fortune," author Richard Watts pulls back the brocade curtain to reveal the precarious path of wanting more. As the advisor to the super rich, Watts reflects on the reality of wealth and a difficult and heartbreaking lesson: "The wealthiest person is not who has the most, but who needs the least."
"
Fables of Fortune" convincingly persuades readers that wealth may be overrated. Through vignettes based on true stories, Watts reveals the challenges the super-wealthy face, including marriages based on net worth, interfamily inheritance battles, faux friends, entitled children, alienation, and spiritual depletion.
The successes and failures of life inspire the heartbeat of passion and self-actualization. Watts will challenge readers to reconsider key life questions of personal value and discover surprising new answers. "Fables of Fortune" reveals an honest, comparative, eye-opening analysis for any reader who believes wealth is a rose without thorns. Read on and gain perspective and appreciation for your own real fortune in life.

Unprotected Labor - Household Workers, Politics, and Middle-Class Reform in New York, 1870-1940 (Paperback, New edition):... Unprotected Labor - Household Workers, Politics, and Middle-Class Reform in New York, 1870-1940 (Paperback, New edition)
Vanessa H. May
R896 Discovery Miles 8 960 Ships in 7 - 11 working days

Through an analysis of women's reform, domestic worker activism, and cultural values attached to public and private space, Vanessa May explains how and why domestic workers, the largest category of working women before 1940, were excluded from labor protections that formed the foundation of the welfare state. Looking at the debate over domestic service from both sides of the class divide, Unprotected Labor assesses middle-class women's reform programs as well as household workers' efforts to determine their own working conditions. May argues that working-class women sought to define the middle-class home as a workplace even as employers and reformers regarded the home as private space. The result was that labor reformers left domestic workers out of labor protections that covered other women workers in New York between the late nineteenth century and the New Deal. By recovering the history of domestic workers as activists in the debate over labor legislation, May challenges depictions of domestics as passive workers and reformers as selfless advocates of working women. Unprotected Labor illuminates how the domestic-service debate turned the middle-class home inside out, making private problems public and bringing concerns like labor conflict and government regulation into the middle-class home. |Through an analysis of women's reform, domestic worker activism, and cultural values attached to public and private space, Vanessa May explains how and why domestic workers, the largest category of working women before 1940, were excluded from labor protections that formed the foundation of the welfare state.

Dream Hoarders - How the American Upper Middle Class Is Leaving Everyone Else in the Dust, Why That Is a Problem, and What to... Dream Hoarders - How the American Upper Middle Class Is Leaving Everyone Else in the Dust, Why That Is a Problem, and What to Do about It (Hardcover)
Richard V Reeves
R568 R456 Discovery Miles 4 560 Save R112 (20%) Ships in 7 - 11 working days

America is becoming a class-based society. It's now conventional wisdom to focus on the excesses of the top 1% - especially the top 0.01% - and how the ultra-rich are hoarding income and wealth while incomes for most other Americans are stagnant. But the more important, and widening, gap in American society is between the upper middle class and everyone else. Reeves defines the upper middle class as those whose incomes are in the top 20 percent of American society. Income isn't the only way to measure a society, but in a market economy it is crucial because access to money generally determines who gets the best quality education, housing, health care, and other necessary goods and services. As Reeves shows, the growing separation between the upper middle class and everyone else can be seen in family structure, neighborhoods, attitudes, and lifestyle. Those at the top of the income ladder are becoming more effective at passing on their status to their children, reducing overall social mobility. The result is a fracturing of American society along class lines, not just an economic divide. Upper-middle-class children become upper-middle-class adults. These trends matter because the separation and perpetuation of the upper middle class corrode prospects for more progressive approaches to policy. Various forms of ""opportunity hoarding"" among the upper middle class make it harder for others to rise up to the top rung. Examples include zoning laws and schooling, occupational licensing, college application procedures, and the allocation of internships. Upper middle class opportunity hoarding, Reeves argues, results in a less competitive economy as well as a less open society. Inequality is inevitable and can even be good, within limits. But Reeves argues that society can take effective action to reduce opportunity hoarding and thus promote broader opportunity. This fascinating book shows how American society has become the very class-defined society that earlier Americans rebelled against - and what can be done to restore a more equitable society.

Social Work Practice and Social Welfare Policy in the United States - A History (Paperback): Philip R. Popple Social Work Practice and Social Welfare Policy in the United States - A History (Paperback)
Philip R. Popple
R1,906 Discovery Miles 19 060 Ships in 7 - 11 working days

The first new social work history to be written in over twenty years, Social Work Practice and Social Welfare Policy in the United States presents a history of the field from the perspective of elites, as well as service providers and recipients. A particularly unique feature of the book is that it chronicles and analyzes the development of social work practice theory. As with other parts of the book, this is done on two levels: from the top down, looking at the writings, conference presentations, and training course material developed by leaders of the profession, and from the bottom up, looking at case records for evidence of techniques that were actually applied by social workers in the field. The data for the "bottom up" content in the book was obtained from archival records of agencies including the Philadelphia Almshouse, the Green Bay Wisconsin Department of Public Welfare, Minneapolis Family and Children's Services, the New York Charity Organization Society, the Boston Children's Aid Society, and the Boston Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Children. This text also places social work practice in its institutional context. It is argued that social work has had a significant role in three social institutions: public assistance, mental health, and child welfare. With this in consideration, the author argues that social work has completely lost its place in public assistance; has achieved its major professional goal of becoming a fully licensed and privileged provider of mental health services, but is at risk of losing its dominance in this institution due to the emergence of competing mental health professions; and maintains dominance only in child welfare. He concludes that the profession needs to reengage with public assistance (TANF); develop strategies to regain dominance in mental health (expansion of the DSW as a practice degree is suggested); and continue to emphasize child welfare as a central professional concern.

Caged Women - Incarceration, Representation, & Media (Paperback): Shirley A Jackson, Laurie L. Gordy Caged Women - Incarceration, Representation, & Media (Paperback)
Shirley A Jackson, Laurie L. Gordy
R970 Discovery Miles 9 700 Ships in 10 - 15 working days

The Netflix series Orange is the New Black has drawn widespread attention to many of the dysfunctions of prisons and the impact prisons have on those who live and work behind the prison gates. This anthology deepens this public awareness through scholarship on the television program and by exploring the real-world social, psychological, and legal issues female prisoners face. Each chapter references a particular connection to the Netflix series as its starting point of analysis. The book brings together scholars to consider both media representations as well as the social justice issues for female inmates alluded to in the Netflix series Orange is the New Black. The chapters address myriad issues including cultural representations of race, class, gender, and sexuality; social justice issues for transgender inmates; racial dynamics within female prisons; gender and female prison structures/policies; treatment of women in prison; re-incarcerated and previously incarcerated women; self and identity; gender, race, and sentencing; and reproduction and parenting for female inmates.

Had I Known - Collected Essays (Standard format, CD): Barbara Ehrenreich Had I Known - Collected Essays (Standard format, CD)
Barbara Ehrenreich; Read by Suzanne Toren
R765 R547 Discovery Miles 5 470 Save R218 (28%) Ships in 7 - 11 working days
Misconception - Social Class and Infertility in America (Paperback): Ann V. Bell Misconception - Social Class and Infertility in America (Paperback)
Ann V. Bell
R747 R703 Discovery Miles 7 030 Save R44 (6%) Ships in 10 - 15 working days

Despite the fact that, statistically, women of low socioeconomic status (SES) experience greater difficulty conceiving children, infertility is generally understood to be a wealthy, white woman's issue. In" Misconception," Ann V. Bell overturns such historically ingrained notions of infertility by examining the experiences of poor women and women of color. These women, so the stereotype would have it, are simply too fertile. The fertility of affluent and of poor women is perceived differently, and these perceptions have political and social consequences, as social policies have entrenched these ideas throughout U.S. history. Through fifty-eight in-depth interviews with women of both high and low SES, Bell begins to break down the stereotypes of infertility and show how such depictions consequently shape women's infertility experiences. Prior studies have relied solely on participants recruited from medical clinics--a sampling process that inherently skews the participant base toward wealthier white women with health insurance. In comparing class experiences, "Misconception "goes beyond examining medical experiences of infertility to expose the often overlooked economic and classist underpinnings of reproduction, family, motherhood, and health in contemporary America.

Who is Charlie?: Xenophobia and the New Middle Class (Paperback): Emmanuel Todd Who is Charlie?: Xenophobia and the New Middle Class (Paperback)
Emmanuel Todd
R365 R199 Discovery Miles 1 990 Save R166 (45%) Ships in 10 - 15 working days

In the wake of the attack on the offices of Charlie Hebdo in Paris on 7 January 2015, millions took to the streets to demonstrate their revulsion, expressing a desire to reaffirm the ideals of the French Republic: liberte, egalite, fraternite. But who were the millions of demonstrators who were suddenly united under the single cry of `Je suis Charlie'? In this probing new book, Emmanuel Todd investigates the cartography and sociology of the three to four million who marched in Paris and across France and draws some unsettling conclusions. For while they claimed to support liberal, republican values, the real middle classes who marched on that day of indignant protest also had a quite different programme in mind, one that was far removed from their proclaimed ideal. Their deep values were in fact more reminiscent of the most depressing aspects of France's national history: conservatism, selfishness, domination and inequality. By identifying the anthropological, religious, economic and political forces that brought France to the edge of the abyss, Todd reveals the real dangers posed to all western societies when the interests of privileged middle classes work against marginalised and immigrant groups. Should we really continue to mistreat young people, force the children of immigrants to live on the outskirts of our cities, consign the poorer classes to the remoter parts of the country, demonise Islam, and allow the growth of an ever more menacing anti-Semitism? While asking uncomfortable questions and offering no easy solutions, Todd points to the difficult and uncertain path that might lead to an accommodation with Islam rather than a deepening and divisive confrontation.

We Shall Not be Moved - How Liverpool's Working Class Fought Redundancies, Closures and Cuts in the Age of Thatcher... We Shall Not be Moved - How Liverpool's Working Class Fought Redundancies, Closures and Cuts in the Age of Thatcher (Hardcover)
Brian Marren
R2,156 R1,943 Discovery Miles 19 430 Save R213 (10%) Ships in 10 - 15 working days

The city of Liverpool had frequently been prone to industrial unrest for most of its recent history, but it was the dawn of Thatcher and the sanctioning of neoliberal economic strategies which made Liverpool a nucleus of resistance against the encroaching tide of right-wing politics and sweeping de-industrialisation. This critique explores six case studies which will illustrate how elements of a highly politicised local working-class fought against the rapid rise in forced redundancies and industrial closures. Some of their responses included strikes, factory occupations, the organisation and politicisation of the unemployed, consent to radical left-wing municipal politics, as well as tacit endorsement a period of violent civil unrest. This critique concludes that in the range, intensity and use of innovative tactics deployed during these conflicts, Liverpool was distinctive. -- .

Dispossessed - How Predatory Bureaucracy Foreclosed on the American Middle Class (Paperback): Noelle Stout Dispossessed - How Predatory Bureaucracy Foreclosed on the American Middle Class (Paperback)
Noelle Stout
R691 R547 Discovery Miles 5 470 Save R144 (21%) Ships in 10 - 15 working days

In the aftermath of the 2008 financial crisis, more than 14 million U.S. homeowners filed for foreclosure. Focusing on the hard-hit Sacramento Valley, Noelle Stout uncovers the predacious bureaucracy that organized the largest bank seizure of residential homes in U.S. history. Stout reveals the failure of Wall Street banks' mortgage assistance programs-backed by over $300 billion of federal funds-to deliver on the promise of relief. Unlike the programs of the Great Depression, in which the government took on the toxic mortgage debt of Americans, corporate lenders and loan servicers ultimately denied over 70 percent of homeowner applications. In the voices of bank employees and homeowners, Stout unveils how call center representatives felt about denying appeals and shares the fears of families living on the brink of eviction. Stout discloses the impacts of rising inequality on homeowners-from whites who felt their middle-class life unraveling to communities of color who experienced a more precipitous and dire decline. Trapped in a Kafkaesque maze of mortgage assistance, borrowers began to view debt refusal as a moral response to lenders, as seemingly mundane bureaucratic dramas came to redefine the meaning of debt and dispossession.

India's New Middle Class - Democratic Politics in an Era of Economic Reform (Paperback, Annotated Ed): Leela Fernandes India's New Middle Class - Democratic Politics in an Era of Economic Reform (Paperback, Annotated Ed)
Leela Fernandes
R587 R501 Discovery Miles 5 010 Save R86 (15%) Ships in 10 - 15 working days

Today India's middle class numbers more than 250 million people and is growing rapidly. Public reports have focused mainly on the emerging group's consumer potential, while global views of India's new economy range from excitement about market prospects to anxieties over outsourcing of service sector jobs. Yet the consequences of India's economic liberalization and the expansion of the middle class have transformed Indian culture and politics. In India's New Middle Class, Leela Fernandes digs into the implications of this growth and uncovers--in the media, in electoral politics, and on the streets of urban neighborhoods--the complex politics of caste, religion, and gender that shape this rising population. Using rich ethnographic data, she reveals how the middle class represents the political construction of a social group and how it operates as a proponent of economic democratization. Delineating the tension between consumer culture and outsourcing, Fernandes also examines the roots of India's middle class and its employment patterns, including shifting skill sets and labor market restructuring. Through this close look at the country's recent history and reforms, Fernandes develops an original theoretical approach to the nature of politics and class formation in an era of globalization. In this sophisticated analysis of the dynamics of an economic and political group in the making, Fernandes moves beyond reductionist images of India's new middle class to bring to light the group's social complexity and profound influence on politics in India and beyond. Leela Fernandes is associate professor of political science at Rutgers University, New Brunswick.

Privilege, Power, and Difference (Paperback, 3rd edition): Allan Johnson Privilege, Power, and Difference (Paperback, 3rd edition)
Allan Johnson
R1,548 Discovery Miles 15 480 Ships in 10 - 15 working days

Privilege, Power, and Difference is a groundbreaking tool for students and non-students alike to examine systems of privilege and difference in our society. Written in an accessible, conversational style, the 3rd edition links theory with engaging examples in ways that enable readers to see the underlying nature and consequences of privilege and their connection to it. This program has been used across the country, both inside and outside the classroom, to shed light on issues of power and privilege. The Connect course for this offering includes SmartBook, an adaptive reading and study experience which guides students to master, recall, and apply key concepts while providing automatically-graded assessments. McGraw-Hill Connect (R) is a subscription-based learning service accessible online through your personal computer or tablet. Choose this option if your instructor will require Connect to be used in the course. Your subscription to Connect includes the following: * SmartBook (R) - an adaptive digital version of the course textbook that personalizes your reading experience based on how well you are learning the content. * Access to your instructor's homework assignments, quizzes, syllabus, notes, reminders, and other important files for the course. * Progress dashboards that quickly show how you are performing on your assignments and tips for improvement. * The option to purchase (for a small fee) a print version of the book. This binder-ready, loose-leaf version includes free shipping. Complete system requirements to use Connect can be found here: http://www.mheducation.com/highered/platforms/connect/training-support-students.html

More Unequal - Aspects of Class in the United States (Hardcover): Michael D. Yates More Unequal - Aspects of Class in the United States (Hardcover)
Michael D. Yates
R2,143 Discovery Miles 21 430 Ships in 7 - 11 working days

aThis book will prove useful to teachers, students, researchers, and activists as we struggle to understand how class is working in the twenty-first century United States.a
--Peter Rachleff, professor of history, Macalester College, and President, Working Class Studies Association

aBinds diverse, informed, often compellingly personal explorationsof social and economic inequity together into a revealing journey through the scarred terrain of todayas working-class reality. This book should be off the shelf and in the hands, and backpacks, of a new generation of working-class activists who can lead the struggle to collectively claim a new direction.a
--Jerry Tucker, former UAW International Executive Board Member & co-founder of the Center for Labor Renewal

The aftermath of Hurricane Katrina exposed to the world what many U.S. politicians and pundits have long been able to ignore. The media images that commanded our attention spoke loudly of the class and racial divisions that still exist in the United States today. Despite the stock market gains of the 1990s, which increased the ranks of millionaires and created greater wealth for those already wealthy, U.S. society has witnessed a dramatic increase in class inequality over that last two decades. A host of newly available research indicates that the United States is afar more classbound society than was previously supposed. The rich are becoming both relatively and absolutely richer while the poor are becoming relatively, if not absolutely, poorer.

More Unequal: Aspects of Class in the United States is a sobering examination of the dynamics of class relations today. John Bellamy Foster, William K. Tabb, David Roediger, Stephanie Luce, and Mark Brenner-- among others-- contribute essays that challenge many of our assumptions about class and provide a multilayered analysis. Topics include the impact of social and economic policy on class; wealth and prospects for the working poor; undocumented workers and their exploitation in the U.S. informal economy; race and class struggles post-Hurricane Katrina; women and class over the last forty years; and education reform and the devastating effects for public schooling. Editor, Michael D. Yates shares a personal story of his working-class life and values, the shaping of his political consciousness, and the people and ideas that inspired his teaching.

For the vast majority of us, a strong work ethic and desire to see the next generation in better circumstances are no longer enough. The barriers separating classes are hardening. Class inequality manifests itself in wealth, income, and occupation, but also in education, consumption, and health. More Unequal: Aspects of Class in the United States demonstrates that an analysis of society as a whole-- its relationships of power, conflict, and potential for social change-- is not possible without a thorough investigation of the role and meaning of class.

'Manufactured' Masculinity - Making Imperial Manliness, Morality and Militarism (Paperback): J.A. Mangan 'Manufactured' Masculinity - Making Imperial Manliness, Morality and Militarism (Paperback)
J.A. Mangan
R1,207 Discovery Miles 12 070 Ships in 10 - 15 working days

'Manufactured' Masculinity should be considered essential reading for scholars in the humanities and social sciences at every level and in all parts of the academic world. It weaves together brilliantly the elements of the 'manufacture' of masculinity in the period world-famous 'public' school system for the privileged which serviced the largest empire, the world has ever known, at the zenith of its control and which has had a significant influence in the formation of the modern world. This authoritative study of the making of British imperial masculinity shines light on the period of Muscular Christianity, Social Darwinism and Militarism as meshed ideological instruments of both power and persuasion. This magisterial study reveals the extraordinary and paramount influence of games fields as the 'machine tools' in an 'industrial process' with the schools as 'workshops' containing 'cultural conveyor-belts' for the production of robust, committed and confident servants of empire, and templates for imperial reproduction in imperial possessions. Mainly on efficient 'production belt' playing fields of the privileged minds were moulded, attitudes were constructed and bodies shaped - for imperial manhood. Earlier 'manliness' was metamorphosized, morality was redefined and militarism at the high point of imperial grandeur was an adjunct. Professor Mangan outlines this unique process of cultural conditioning with a unique range of evidence and analysis. This book was published as a special double issue of the International Journal of the History of Sport.

Masculinity and the English Working Class - Studies in Victorian Autobiography and Fiction (Paperback): Ying Lee Masculinity and the English Working Class - Studies in Victorian Autobiography and Fiction (Paperback)
Ying Lee
R1,299 Discovery Miles 12 990 Ships in 10 - 15 working days

This book examines representations of working-class masculine subjectivity in Victorian autobiography and fiction. In it, Ying focuses on ideas of domesticity and the male body and demonstrates that working-class masculinities differ substantially from those of the widely studied upper classes. The book also maps the relationship between two trends: the early nineteenth-century efflorescence of published working-class autobiographies (in which working men construct their identities for a broad readership); and a contemporaneous surge of public interest in "the lower orders" that finds reflection in the depiction of working-class characters in popular novels by middle-class authors. The book mimics this point of convergence by pairing three working-class autobiographies with three middle-class novels. Each chapter focuses on a particular type of work: domestic service, manual (not artisanal) labour, and literary labour (and the opportunities it offers for social advancement). Ying considers the specific ways in which classed and gendered consciousness emerges autobiographically and its significance in the writing of working-class subjectivity for public consumption. Then mainstream novels by Charles Dickens, Elizabeth Gaskell and Charles Kingsley are re-read from the perspective of these autobiographical pressure points.

A Man's Place - Masculinity and the Middle-Class Home in Victorian England (Paperback): John Tosh A Man's Place - Masculinity and the Middle-Class Home in Victorian England (Paperback)
John Tosh
R540 Discovery Miles 5 400 Ships in 10 - 15 working days

Domesticity is generally treated as an aspect of women's history. In this fascinating study of the nineteenth-century middle class, John Tosh shows how profoundly men's lives were conditioned by the Victorian ideal and how they negotiated its many contradictions. Tosh begins by looking at the experience of boyhood, married life, sex, and fatherhood in the early decades of the nineteenth century-illustrated by case studies representing a variety of backgrounds-and then contrasts this with the lives of the late Victorian generation. He finds that the first group of men placed a new value on the home as a reaction to the disorienting experience of urbanization and as a response to the teachings of Evangelical Christianity. Domesticity still proved problematic in practice, however, because most men were likely to be absent from home for most of the day, and the role of father began to acquire its modern indeterminacy. By the 1870s, men were becoming less enchanted with the pleasures of home. Once the rights of wives were extended by law and society, marriage seemed less attractive, and the bachelor world of clubland flourished as never before. The Victorians declared that to be fully human and fully masculine, men must be active participants in domestic life. In exposing the contradictions in this ideal, they defined the climate for gender politics in the next century.

Dynamics of Class and Stratification in Poland - 1945-2015 (Hardcover): Irina Tomescu-Dubrow, Joshua Kjerulf Dubrow, Kazimierz... Dynamics of Class and Stratification in Poland - 1945-2015 (Hardcover)
Irina Tomescu-Dubrow, Joshua Kjerulf Dubrow, Kazimierz M. Slomczynski, Dariusz Przybysz
R1,477 R1,299 Discovery Miles 12 990 Save R178 (12%) Ships in 10 - 15 working days

This book elaborates on longterm changes in social inequality in Poland that accounts for extreme transitions. Drawing upon an enviably rich set of longitudinal data the team of authors could offer the first and so far only comprehensive study of the changes in the stratification system under and after state socialism. The analysis focuses on the core issues of social stratification research: social mobility, status attainment and their mechanisms. It highlights concepts that best explain "who gets what and why: " social class, education, occupation and income. Empirical illustrations prove that social stratification structures are dynamic rather than static and that that one should model changes rather than assume stability. The book is a great example of the power of the Warsaw School of class and stratification. The key idea of the book are: 1/ even the most sophisticated class and stratification maps" or schemes are not applicable to the study of societies in the communist era and 2/ the transition to liberal democracy and market capitalism offers a unique opportunity to scholars to understand social mobility as people move from one stratification regime to the next.

Intellectuals and Power (Hardcover): Francois Laruelle Intellectuals and Power (Hardcover)
Francois Laruelle
R1,348 R1,231 Discovery Miles 12 310 Save R117 (9%) Ships in 10 - 15 working days

In this important new book, the leading philosopher Francois Laruelle examines the role of intellectuals in our societies today, specifically with regards to criminal justice. He argues that, rather than concerning themselves with abstract philosophical notions like justice, truth and violence, intellectuals should focus on the human victims. Drawing on his influential theory of non-philosophy , he shows how we can submit the theorizing of intellectuals to the scrutiny of the everyday suffering of the victims of crime. In the course of a wide-ranging discussion with Philippe Petit, Laruelle suspends the presumed authority of intellectuals by challenging the image of the dominant intellectual exemplified by philosophers such as Sartre, Foucault, Lyotard and Debray. In place of domination, he puts forward instead a theory of determination : the determined intellectual is one whose character is conditioned by his relationship to the victim, rather than one who attempts to dominate the victim s experience through a process of theorizing. While philosophy consistently takes the voice away from victims of suffering, non-philosophy is able to construct a theory of violence and crime that gives voice to the victim. This highly original book will be essential reading for all those interested in contemporary French philosophy and all those concerned with justice in the modern world.

Poverty and Welfare in America - Examining the Facts (Hardcover): David Wagner Poverty and Welfare in America - Examining the Facts (Hardcover)
David Wagner
R1,769 Discovery Miles 17 690 Ships in 7 - 11 working days

This book closely examines controversial claims and beliefs surrounding poverty and anti-poverty programs in the United States. It authoritatively dismantles falsehoods, half-truths, and misconceptions, leaving readers with an unbiased, accurate understanding of these issues. Poverty and Welfare in America: Examining the Facts, like every book in the Contemporary Debates series, is intended to puncture rather than perpetuate myths that diminish our understanding of important policies and positions; to provide needed context for misleading statements and claims; and to confirm the factual accuracy of other assertions. This book clarifies some of the most contentious and misunderstood aspects of American poverty and the social welfare programs that have been crafted to combat it over the years. In addition to providing up-to-date data about the extent of American poverty among various demographic groups in the United States, it examines the chief causes of poverty in the 21st century, including divorce, disability, and educational shortfalls. Moreover, the book provides an evenhanded examination of the nation's social welfare agencies and the effectiveness of various social service programs managed by those agencies in addressing and reducing poverty. * Features an easy-to-navigate question-and-answer format * Uses quantifiable data from respected sources as the foundation for examining every issue * Includes extensive Further Reading sections for each entry, providing readers with leads to conduct further research * Evaluates claims made by individuals and groups of all political backgrounds and ideologies to offer an inclusive examination of poverty and welfare

The Rise of the New York Intellectuals - Partisan Review and Its Circle, 1934-1945 (Paperback, New edition): The Rise of the New York Intellectuals - Partisan Review and Its Circle, 1934-1945 (Paperback, New edition)
R740 Discovery Miles 7 400 Ships in 7 - 11 working days

Terry A. Cooney traces the evolution of the "Partisan Review"--often considered to be the most influential little magazine ever published in America--during its formative years, giving a lucid and dispassionate view of the magazine and its luminaries who played a leading role in shaping the public discourse of American intellectuals. Included are Lionel Trilling, Philip Rahv, William Phillips, Dwight Macdonald, F. W. Dupee, Mary McCarthy, Sidney Hook, Harold Rosenberg, Delmore Schwartz, among others.

The Inner Level - How More Equal Societies Reduce Stress, Restore Sanity and Improve Everyone's Well-Being (Paperback):... The Inner Level - How More Equal Societies Reduce Stress, Restore Sanity and Improve Everyone's Well-Being (Paperback)
Richard Wilkinson, Kate Pickett
R418 R339 Discovery Miles 3 390 Save R79 (19%) Ships in 7 - 11 working days
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