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Alginate is a hydrophilic, biocompatible, biodegradable, and relatively economical polymer generally found in marine brown algae. The modification in the alginate molecule after polymerization has shown strong potential in biomedical, pharmaceutical and biotechnology applications such as wound dressing, drug delivery, dental treatment, in cell culture and tissue engineering. Besides this, alginates have industrial applications too in the paper and food industries as plasticizers and additives. The few books that have been published on alginates focus more on their biology. This current book focuses on the exploration of alginates and their modification, characterization, derivatives, composites, hydrogels as well as the new and emerging applications.
Since some food additives have been shown to be harmful to certain
individuals, a common perception now is that all food additives are
potentially dangerous. This had led to a large market for products
making minimal use of additives. Tight regulatory control and
labelling requirements provide further impetus for the development
of these products. This book provides an authoritative and
comprehensive review of the industrially important advances in the
technology that allow food products to be manufactured with fewer
of the additives that have been traditionally used. Also, many new
natural and harmless ingredients and additives are becoming
available. These are also covered to enable new product concepts to
The first edition of this book was widely accepted as a key reference in this subject, and this new edition has been thoroughly revised throughout to reflect current trends and practice. The chapters on packaging, marine-derived ingredients, animal-derived ingredients and reduced-additive breadmaking have all been extensively revised and additional authors and co-authors have been recruited for the second edition. Topics such as active packaging, good manufacturing practice, HACCP and natural ingredients have been reviewed with regards to their effect on the technology of reduced-additive foods.
This book presents a collection of studies that gather the leading researches and trends concerning the binomial bread-health. Topics discussed include possibilities and trends of use of other ingredients for mixture with the flour aiming to improve the nutritional value and/or use by-products those are beneficial to health; the use of fruits and their derivatives with high antioxidant capacity and as a source of fibres or resistant starch; and the use of whole wheat flour, obtained in a stone mill, returns to the past and appears as an option for high-fibre product, containing lower glycaemic index carbohydrates; it focuses on an audience more concerned about health, as well as it shows the possibilities of replacing chemical additives by enzymes.
Innovation and new product development are increasingly perceived as drivers of profits in the food industry. Companies are dedicating a large amount of resources to these areas and it is crucial that individuals understand how to be part of this new strategy. Food Industry Innovation School focuses on key skills needed to drive new ideas from initial concepts through to successful products on the shelf. The author argues that any individual can learn how to lead innovation within complex organizations utilizing companies? commercial and financial resources. The book focuses on the impact of single individuals on company successes. Case studies from the marketplace provide valuable examples of accomplishments and failures. Product development involves a plethora of activities such as R&D,innovation, engineering, packaging and design, manufacturing,logistics and supply chain management, as well as marketing, sales and finance, and the book addresses all these crucial functions undertaken by food companies and manufacturers of other packaged consumer goods. The learning principles and examples (based on the author's personal experience) are valid in many fast-moving consumer goods organizations and so the principles, best practices and solutions offered in the 12 chapters are relevant to a wide audience in the food industry and beyond, including those working in household products, retail, the automotive industry, computers and IT, furniture, and even media and publishing. Read more: http://www.innovationschool.co/
Achieving food security is vital for any nation. But despite progress in food availability in the postwar period, food insecurity still prevails in many developing countries, with more than half the world's undernourished in Asia. This unacceptable number calls for urgent action. Differences in levels of food security across countries cannot be explained solely by conventional economic arguments, such as resource endowments, country or population size, the level of economic development, and cultural or social differences. This book approaches the issue of food security in a number of Asian and other countries by highlighting the crucial role played by government and economic institutions and by examining how they influence food availability. It lays out valuable policy initiatives for national governments and international bodies, acting through improved institutions, to reduce poverty and inequality and to achieve higher levels of food security nationally and globally.
This book will offer companies in the food industry a comprehensive guide to preparing for a British Retail Consortium Standard evaluation (Issue 6). It will enable them to ensure that the correct systems are in place to achieve the Standard, and also that they present themselves in the best possible light during the audit process. It will also recommend the correct steps to take following evaluation and how to correct non-conformities. The book will be of interest not only to suppliers who are seeking certification for the first time but also to those already in the scheme, and are seeking to improve their grades.
This vital new text offers a holistic view of the factors affecting the different tiers of sustainability, public health, poverty, security and production within the food supply chain. With contributions from international experts in the field, it takes particular emphasis on growing populations and the deployment of agricultural land for uses other than food production. There are a growing number of key issues now facing the food agri-food and food industries, particularly in the light of growing populations and the deployment of agricultural land for uses other than food production e.g. biofuel. Contemporary Issues in the Food Supply Chain is the first text to provide a holistic overview covering topics such as: food security, sustainable intensification, obesity and food poverty, the environmental impact of the food supply chain, social and political climates and health. The text is divided into 3 key areas as follows: * The supply chain - problems and dilemmas including traceability, integrity, the changing consumer and food definitions. * Sustainable sourcing of food including food resources and human evolution, CSR, food security and alternative food production * Case studies and new areas of research including rural land use; carbon footprint; managing pathogens; Brexit as an opportunity for nutrition related health in agricultural policy. A must have text for academics, researchers, practitioners, policy makers and students in the fields of food management, agricultural and associated business courses.
Winner of the 2017 Quality of Communication Award presented by The Agricultural and Applied Economics Association As the importance of food and nutrition becomes more widely recognized by practitioners and researchers in the health sciences, one persisting gap in the knowledge base remains: what are the economic factors that influence our food and our health? Food and Nutrition Economics offers a much-needed resource for non-economists looking to understand the basic economic principles that govern our food and nutritional systems. Comprising both a quick grounding in nutrition with the fundamentals of economics and expert applications to food systems, it is a uniquely accessible and much-needed bridge between previously disparate scholarly and professional fields. This book is intended for upper level undergraduates, graduate students, and health professionals with no background in economics who recognize that economics affects much of their work. Concerned because previous encounters with economics have been hampered by math hurdles? Don't be; this book offers a specialized primer in consumer economics (including behavioral economics of food consumption), producer economics, market-level analysis, cost-effectiveness, and cost-benefit analysis, all in an accessible and conversational manner that requires nothing more than middle-school math acumen. Grounding these lessons in contemporary issues such as soft drink taxes, food prices, convenience, nutrition education programs, and the food environment, Food and Nutrition Economics is an innovative and needed entry in the rapidly expanding universe of food studies, health science, and their related fields.
This fascinating book delves into the innovative and visually stimulating world of top Italian foods. As the renowned designer Ettore Sottsass once said, Eating necessarily involves a creative process. In this sense it lies within the realm of the design profession. Eighty well-known Italian food products from the nineteenth century to the present day have been chosen and placed in broad historical contexts. The book tells the story of all the design phases of each item from the initial conception of the idea to its shape, packaging, communication, and advertising. A range of visuals, including original projects drawings, posters, and magazine and television advertisements accompany informative text discussing the role of each brand and its impact on consumers personal habits. Featuring a broad selection of products, such as as Parmiggiano Reggiano cheese, Illy coffee, Panettone Motta, Cirio tomatoes, Barilla pasta, San Pellegrino water, and Nutella, this book is perfect for advertising professionals, graphic designers, brand managers, product designers, and anyone with an interest in Italian food and design.
The baking industry has seen a developing momentum in recent years. The competition is stiff; it's not just the quality of the food that attracts customers, so it's often necessary to ensure the design of the bakery itself is both creative and eye catching, while still being functional. A well-designed store can not only increase sales, but also help develop a brand identity. This book includes fifty bakery designs from all over the world. The designers responsible exhaustively examine their projects in order to illustrate the design process.
The welfare of production animals at slaughter is a major veterinary concern with debate on questions such as the degree of stunning required, how sentient animals are of their surroundings, slaughterhouse conditions and how quickly animals lose consciousness after having their throats cut in religious slaughter practices. This research monograph provides a thoroughly scientific evidence-based account of the physiology and behaviour of animals for slaughter, analysis of the different killing methods, legislation and operating procedures, lairage and movement, depopulation and handling.Animal Welfare at Slaughter is mainly aimed at animal welfare officers and policy makers, veterinary and meat inspectors and slaughterhouse auditors. However, this is a reliable resource also for veterinary and animal science students and the informed public.
2019 James Beard Foundation Book Award winner: Reference, History, and Scholarship A century and a half ago, when the food industry was first taking root, few consumers trusted packaged foods. Americans had just begun to shift away from eating foods that they grew themselves or purchased from neighbors. With the advent of canning, consumers were introduced to foods produced by unknown hands and packed in corrodible metal that seemed to defy the laws of nature by resisting decay. Since that unpromising beginning, the American food supply has undergone a revolution, moving away from a system based on fresh, locally grown goods to one dominated by packaged foods. How did this come to be? How did we learn to trust that food preserved within an opaque can was safe and desirable to eat? Anna Zeide reveals the answers through the story of the canning industry, taking us on a journey to understand how food industry leaders leveraged the powers of science, marketing, and politics to win over a reluctant public, even as consumers resisted at every turn.
Ai Hisano exposes how corporations, the American government, and consumers shaped the colors of what we eat and even the colors of what we consider "natural," "fresh," and "wholesome." The yellow of margarine, the red of meat, the bright orange of "natural" oranges-we live in the modern world of the senses created by business. Ai Hisano reveals how the food industry capitalized on color, and how the creation of a new visual vocabulary has shaped what we think of the food we eat. Constructing standards for the colors of food and the meanings we associate with them-wholesome, fresh, uniform-has been a business practice since the late nineteenth century, though one invisible to consumers. Under the growing influences of corporate profit and consumer expectations, firms have sought to control our sensory experiences ever since. Visualizing Taste explores how our perceptions of what food should look like have changed over the course of more than a century. By examining the development of color-controlling technology, government regulation, and consumer expectations, Hisano demonstrates that scientists, farmers, food processors, dye manufacturers, government officials, and intermediate suppliers have created a version of "natural" that is, in fact, highly engineered. Retailers and marketers have used scientific data about color to stimulate and influence consumers'-and especially female consumers'-sensory desires, triggering our appetites and cravings. Grasping this pivotal transformation in how we see, and how we consume, is critical to understanding the business of food.
For Heineken, `rising Africa' is already a reality: the profits it extracts there are almost 50 per cent above the global average, and beer costs more in some African countries than it does in Europe. Heineken claims its presence boosts economic development on the continent. But is this true? Investigative journalist Olivier van Beemen has spent years seeking the answer, and his conclusion is damning: Heineken has hardly benefited Africa at all. On the contrary, there are some shocking skeletons in its African closet: tax avoidance, sexual abuse, links to genocide and other human rights violations, high-level corruption, crushing competition from indigenous brewers, and collaboration with dictators and pitiless anti-government rebels. Heineken in Africa caused a political and media furore on publication in The Netherlands, and was debated in their Parliament. It is an unmissable expose of the havoc wreaked by a global giant seeking profit in the developing world.
An expanded second edition of SLAUGHTERHOUSE BLUES: THE MEAT AND POULTRY INDUSTRY IN NORTH AMERICA is now available. The authors, a cultural anthropologist and a social geographer, draw on three decades of research to present a detailed look at the modern meat and poultry industry in the United States and Canada. Following chapters on industrial beef, poultry, and pork production, SLAUGHTERHOUSE BLUES scrutinizes industry impacts on farmers and ranchers, processing workers, and on the communities that host its plants. The book details the authors' efforts to help communities plan for and mitigate the negative consequences of meat and poultry plants as well as community opposition to confined animal feeding operations. The second edition includes recent research and up-to-date information on industry and consumer trends. A new chapter, "Is Meat Murder?" examines the growing public concern with animal rights and animal welfare. The book concludes with a look at the health and social consequences of the present system of meat production before exploring alternatives to North America's model of industrialized meat.
Food Futures will radically alter your ideas about consuming and producing food. Food designer Chloe Rutzerveld questions and explores new food production technologies and translates multidisciplinary research into future food scenarios. This book explains her thoughts, process and work, which is often described as provocative, cheeky and playful - inspiring and involving consumers in the discussion about potential food futures. Follow the conceptualization of completely edible, 'mini vegetable gardens' with crispy plants and mushrooms, that become a full meal after being printed by a 3D printer. Engage in a quest for a new eating system in which we digest 100% of the nutrients we take in (instead of the current 75%) by breeding bacteria that are harvested into capsules (that also look, taste and smell good). Or get cooking yourself with the recipe for a healthy, typically Dutch 'stroopwafel' a recipe derived from her project STROOOP! in which she dives into the natural sweetness of root vegetables. Start exploring, cooking and fantasizing about what we are going to eat in the future.
'Thoroughly engrossing' Michael Pollan, The Atlantic 'Wonderful, energising' Kathryn Hughes, The Guardian 'Gripping' The Spectator 'An eye-opening, stimulating brew' The Economist Coffee is one of the most valuable commodities in the history of the global economy and the world's most popular drug. The very word 'coffee' is one of the most widespread on the planet. Augustine Sedgewick's brilliant new history tells the hidden and surprising story of how this came to be, tracing coffee's 400-year transformation into an everyday necessity. The story is one that few coffee drinkers know. Coffeeland centres on the volcanic highlands of El Salvador, where James Hill, born in the slums of nineteenth-century Manchester, founded one of the world's great coffee dynasties. Adapting the innovations of the industrial revolution to plantation agriculture, Hill helped to turn El Salvador into perhaps the most intensive monoculture in modern history, a place of extraordinary productivity, inequality and violence. The book follows coffee from the Hill family plantations into the United States, through the San Francisco roasting plants into supermarkets, kitchens and work places, and finally into today's omnipresent cafes. Sedgewick reveals the unexpected consequences of the rise of coffee, which reshaped large areas of the tropics, transformed understandings of energy, and ultimately made us dependent on a drug served in a cup.
Counter-Cola charts the history of one of the world's most influential and widely known corporations, The Coca-Cola Company. Over the past 130 years, the corporation has sought to make its products, brands, and business central to daily life in over 200 countries. Amanda Ciafone uses this example of global capitalism to reveal the pursuit of corporate power within the key economic transformations-liberal, developmentalist, neoliberal-of the twentieth and twenty-first centuries. Coca-Cola's success has not gone uncontested. People throughout the world have redeployed the corporation, its commodities, and brand images to challenge the injustices of daily life under capitalism. As Ciafone shows, assertions of national economic interests, critiques of cultural homogenization, fights for workers' rights, movements for environmental justice, and debates over public health have obliged the corporation to justify itself in terms of the common good, demonstrating capitalism's imperative to either assimilate critiques or reveal its limits.
In a finished nutraceutical product, flavors play an integral role. Flavor Development for Functional Foods and Nutraceuticals is about the crucial role added flavors play in any nutraceutical product. It describes the various extraction techniques that are being adopted for manufacturing flavors from natural raw materials. Yield and retention of aromatic components during several extraction methods and flavor encapsulation techniques for thermal degradable food components are discussed. Advanced methods of flavor extraction techniques like supercritical C02 extraction are emphasized. The safety and quality aspects of flavor incorporation in food processing industries are reviewed with respect to international regulations. The importance of flavor in the nutraceuticals industry is also discussed. In addition, the book stresses the functional value and organoleptic acceptability towards product optimization/formulation. Features: Explains how flavors play an integral role in a finished nutraceutical product Describes the various extraction techniques that are being adopted for manufacturing flavors from natural raw materials Covers flavor encapsulation techniques for thermal degradable food components Provides an introduction to the history of how some natural flavor ingredients, botanicals, and extracts were used in ancient times in Ayurveda and herbal medicine This is an ideal reference book for the flavor chemists, food scientists, nutraceutical formulators, and students and academicians who are working in the area of nutraceutical, supplement, and functional food development and provides very useful information to help them select appropriate flavors for their products. Also available in the Nutraceuticals: Basic Research/Clinical Applications Series: Flavors for Nutraceuticals and Functional Foods, edited by M. Selvamuthukumaran and Yashwant Pathak (ISBN: 978-1-1380-6417-1) Antioxidant Nutraceuticals: Preventive and Healthcare Applications, edited by Chuanhai Cao, Sarvadaman Pathak, Kiran Patil (ISBN 978-1-4987-3703-6) Food By-product Based Functional Food Powders, edited by OEzlem Tokusoglu (ISBN 978-1-4822-2437-5)
This collection of articles includes case studies of attempts to improve small-scale food processing, remembering that "small is beautiful, but difficult." Case studies cover grain and fruit processing, baking, beekeeping, and small-scale oil production.
For most people, grocery shopping is a mundane activity. Few stop to think about the massive, global infrastructure that makes it possible to buy Chilean grapes in a Philadelphia supermarket in the middle of winter. Yet every piece of food represents an interlocking system of agriculture, manufacturing, shipping, logistics, retailing, and nonprofits that controls what we eat-or don't. The Problem with Feeding Cities is a sociological and historical examination of how this remarkable network of abundance and convenience came into being over the last century. It looks at how the US food system transformed from feeding communities to feeding the entire nation, and it reveals how a process that was once about fulfilling basic needs became focused on satisfying profit margins. It is also a story of how this system fails to feed people, especially in the creation of food deserts. Andrew Deener shows that problems with food access are the result of infrastructural failings stemming from how markets and cities were developed, how distribution systems were built, and how organizations coordinate the quality and movement of food. He profiles hundreds of people connected through the food chain, from farmers, wholesalers, and supermarket executives, to global shippers, logistics experts, and cold-storage operators, to food bank employees and public health advocates. It is a book that will change the way we see our grocery store trips and will encourage us all to rethink the way we eat in this country.
Why is it that food prices are so high that millions of South African families go hungry, while the prices paid to farmers for that same food are so low that many cannot stay in business? Why are the people who produce our food – farmworkers – among the most insecure of all? Why do high levels of rural poverty persist while corporate profits in the food sector keep rising? How did a country with a constitutional right to food become a place where 1 in 4 children is so malnourished that they are classified as stunted? An Empty Plate analyses the state of the South African agri-food system. Tracy Ledger demonstrates how this system is perpetuating poverty, threatening land reform, entrenching inequality and tearing apart our social fabric. The book asks two crucial questions: how did we get to this point and how might we go about solving the problem. This is a story of money, of power, of unanticipated consequences, and of personal and social tragedy. But it is also a story of what is possible if we reimagine our society and build a new system on the foundation of solidarity and ethical food citizenship.
By the late 1890s, the question of bovine tuberculosis (TB) and infected meat had become one of national importance, reflecting a national sense of fear. Although the extent of the threat to health proved uncertain, bovine TB had come to stand at the centre of debates about diseased meat and public health. The anxiety it caused was part of a longer story, linked to concern over food safety, changes in how tuberculosis was understood, and to worries over diseased meat and the 'evils' of the urban meat trade. The Bovine Scourge explores the debates and fears that came to surround bovine TB, meat and public health between the 1860s and 1914. It traces how diseased meat and bovine TB emerged as a public health issue, examines the measures adopted to protect the public, and addresses how by the Edwardian era milk had become the major source of concern in discussion of bovine TB. It also raises important questions about the history of food safety, the concerns generated by diseased meat, and the role of the public health and veterinary profession in preventing the sale of contaminated food.KEIR WADDINGTON is a senior lecturer in the School of History and Archaeology at Cardiff University.
A number of recent books, magazines, and television programs have emerged that promise to take viewers inside the exciting world of professional chefs. While media suggest that the occupation is undergoing a transformation, one thing remains clear: being a chef is a decidedly male-dominated job. Over the past six years, the prestigious James Beard Foundation has presented 84 awards for excellence as a chef, but only 19 were given to women. Likewise, Food and Wine magazine has recognized the talent of 110 chefs on its annual "Best New Chef" list since 2000, and to date, only 16 women have been included. How is it that women - the gender most associated with cooking - have lagged behind men in this occupation? Taking the Heat examines how the world of professional chefs is gendered, what conditions have led to this gender segregation, and how women chefs feel about their work in relation to men. Tracing the historical evolution of the profession and analyzing over two thousand examples of chef profiles and restaurant reviews, as well as in-depth interviews with thirty-three women chefs, Deborah Harris and Patti Giuffre reveal a great irony between the present realities of the culinary profession and the traditional, cultural associations of cooking and gender. Since occupations filled with women are often culturally and economically devalued, male members exclude women to enhance the job's legitimacy. For women chefs, these professional obstacles and other challenges, such as how to balance work and family, ultimately push some of the women out of the career. Although female chefs may be outsiders in many professional kitchens, the participants in Taking the Heat recount advantages that women chefs offer their workplaces and strengths that Harris and Giuffre argue can help offer women chefs - and women in other male-dominated occupations - opportunities for greater representation within their fields.
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