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Cheese is an ancient food product produced worldwide and globally appreciated. The world cheese trade is of great importance economically, both at the industrial level, as well as when it comes to traditional cheeses, which provide income for rural populations. The diversity in cheese technology is enormous, varying in the type of milk used, the production operations, the lactic cultures, the maturation times and conditions, among other aspects. Cheese products, therefore, have a wide range of characteristics in terms of taste, flavour, texture, colour, shape, or size. Unlike cheese produced at the industrial scale, traditional cheeses are imprinted with a social and cultural heritage that makes them unique. The first part of this book contains chapters dedicated to the economic and social importance of cheese, the nutritional aspects and health effects, cheese technology and characteristics, as well as yeast microflora. Further chapters contain details about the traditional cheeses in different parts of the world, including European, African, or American countries, namely Brazil, Burkina Faso, Croatia, Greece, Hungary, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Mexico, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Serbia, and Slovenia. This book contains a diverse set of contributions that will enlighten the readers about many types of cheeses from different countries around the world. It is useful for professionals, including professors, researchers, or those working in the cheese industry, as well as for students or even the general public. The subjects addressed in the book make it interesting for professionals in the scientific domains of food science and technology, nutrition, gastronomy, sociology, and history
From the minute it opened-on Christmas Day in 1865-it was Chicago's must-see tourist attraction, drawing more than half a million visitors each year. Families, visiting dignitaries, even school groups all made trips to the South Side to tour the Union Stock Yard. There they got a firsthand look at the city's industrial prowess as they witnessed cattle, hogs, and sheep disassembled with breathtaking efficiency. At their height, the kill floors employed 50,000 workers and processed six hundred animals an hour, an astonishing spectacle of industrialized death. Slaughterhouse tells the story of the Union Stock Yard, chronicling the rise and fall of an industrial district that, for better or worse, served as the public face of Chicago for decades. Dominic A. Pacyga is a guide like no other-he grew up in the shadow of the stockyards, spent summers in their hog house and cattle yards, and maintains a long-standing connection with the working-class neighborhoods around them. Pacyga takes readers through the packinghouses as only an insider can, covering the rough and toxic life inside the plants and their lasting effects on the world outside. He shows how the yards shaped the surrounding neighborhoods and controlled the livelihoods of thousands of families. He looks at the Union Stock Yard's political and economic power and its sometimes volatile role in the city's race and labor relations. And he traces its decades of mechanized innovations, which introduced millions of consumers across the country to an industrialized food system. Although the Union Stock Yard closed in 1971, the story doesn't end there. Pacyga takes readers to present day, showing how the manufacturing spirit lives on. Ironically, today the site of the legendary "stockyard stench" is now home to some of Chicago's most successful green agriculture companies. Marking the hundred-and-fiftieth anniversary of the opening of the stockyards, Slaughterhouse is an engrossing story of one of the most important-and deadliest-square miles in American history.
The "Codex General Standard for Food Additives" sets forth the conditions under which permitted food additives may be used in all foods. This database provides, in a searchable format, all the provisions for food additives that have been adopted by the Codex Alimentarius Commission - La " Norme generale Codex pour les additifs alimentaires " stipule les conditions dans lesquelles des additifs alimentaires autorises peuvent etre utilises dans tous les aliments. Cette base de donnees contient, sous une forme consultable, toutes les dispositions relatives a des additifs alimentaires adoptees par la Commission du Codex Alimentarius. - La "Norma General del Codex para los Aditivos Alimentarios" establece las condiciones en las que se pueden utilizar aditivos alimentarios autorizados en todos los alimentos. Esta base de datos contiene, en un formato que permite realizar busquedas, todas las disposiciones sobre aditivos alimentarios que han sido aprobadas por la Comision del Codex Alimentarius."
This book is based on EU-funded project PLANTFOODSEC, covering intentional and unintentional threats to plant biosecurity and to food safety areas. Biosecurity is a strategic and integrated approach for analysing and managing relevant risks to human, animal and plant life and health, and associated risks to the environment. Interest in biosecurity has risen considerably over the last decade in parallel with the increasing trade in food and plant and animal products; higher levels of international travel; new outbreaks of transboundary diseases. Although most diseases outbreaks have natural causes or are the result of inadvertent introductions of pathogens through human activities, the risk of a deliberate introduction of a high consequence plant pathogen cannot be excluded. Vigilance is required to identify, prevent and manage new and emerging issues that could impact on production capacity, plant biosecurity or food safety and food chain resilience.
In 1993, Tony Magee, who had foundered at every job he'd ever had, decided to become the founder of a brewery. "So You Want to Start a Brewery?" is the thrilling first-person account of his gut-wrenching challenges and unexpected successes. Based in Petaluma, California, the Lagunitas Brewing Company makes craft beer that is simple and flavorful and defies categorization. The same could be said for this book. Equal parts memoir, narrative, and business story--with liberal dashes of pop culture and local color--this honest yet hilarious account of a one-of-a-kind, made-in-America journey just happens to culminate with the success of one of the nation's most popular craft beer brands. In twenty years, Lagunitas has grown from a shoestring operation to be the fifth largest--and the fastest growing--craft brewer in the United States. First published in a limited edition two years ago by a tiny California press, "So You Want to Start a Brewery? "has here been revised and updated to include Lagunitas's establishment of a new brewery in Chicago, set to open in 2014. "So You Want to Start a Brewery?" is unglamorous and full of entertaining digressions, but it's never afraid to mess with the nuts and bolts. This is a must-read for all who have considered starting their own business--or have sweated blood working to get one on its feet. Told in the vibrant voice of Tony Magee--the man closest to the process--this blow-by-blow chronicle will introduce beer drinkers and entrepreneurs to the reality of starting a craft brewery from the ground up.
This document contains food additive specifications monographs, analytical methods and other information, prepared at the seventy-fourth meeting of the Joint FAO/WHO Expert Committee on Food Additives (JECFA). The specifications monographs provide information on the identity and purity of food additives used directly in foods or in food production. The main three objectives of these specifications are to identify the food additive that has been subjected to testing for safety, to ensure that the additive is of the quality required for use in food or in processing. This publication contains information that is useful to all those who work with or are interested in food additives and their safe use in food.
Adopting a 'global value chain' approach, Value Chain Struggles investigates the impact of new trading arrangements in the coffee and tea sectors on the lives and in the communities of growers in South India. * Offers a timely analysis of the social hardships of tea and coffee producers* Takes the reader into the lives of growers in Southern India who are struggling with issues of value chain restructuring* Reveals the ways that the restructuring triggers a series of political and economic struggles across a range of economic, social, and environmental arenas* Puts into perspective claims about the impacts of recent changes to global trading relations on rural producers in developing countries
As our lives speed up, our relationship with food changes. Choice of meal depends on convenience, quality, and presentation - this book focusses on the latter. With every passing year, the strength of takeaway food packaging design becomes stronger, particularly with the increased popularity and ease of ordering food online as well as eating on the go. As a branch of graphic design, the essence of this packaging is to grab the potential customer's attention and identify a brand. Packaging design can make a big difference in the sales of a product, since it not only works to inform the consumer, but also provoke a feeling or reaction, communicate emotion, and even respond to any given desire. Good packaging is attractive and can impress people with its creativity and it is a way for the customer to express their identity. It offers a fabulous opportunity for companies to communicate with consumers and it is a powerful marketing tool that can make brands instantly recognisable around the world. This comprehensive full-colour guide explores current global trends in takeaway food packaging design driven by a broad range of high calibre designers, including big global players and fast-food giants, and boutique brands. This book provides useful detail on a wide assortment of materials used, recyclability and sustainability, and functionality; all essential components in regard to overall customer appeal. No other advertising medium is as close to the consumer as takeaway food packaging is - it is literally in their hands. AUTHOR: Yvett Arzate Gomez was born on July 29, 1984 in Guerrero, Mexico. She studied graphic design at the University of Monterrey (UDEM) where she graduated with multiple honours. She started working as a freelance designer for independent brands, until she decided to create her own business. At Nomada Design Studio, she continues to develop projects for independent, transnational, and renowned brands. She is experienced in designing packaging for food, including takeaways and even frozen food. Publishing credits include blog articles and several books. SELLING POINTS: * Focuses on a rapidly growing market * Contains beautiful packaging patterns and advertising concepts, all illustrated in colour * Both aesthetically pleasing for the casual reader, and useful as a reference for designers and students 300 colour illustrations
The "Codex General Standard for Food Additives" sets forth the conditions under which permitted food additives may be used in all foods. This database provides, in a searchable format, all the provisions for food additives that have been adopted by the Codex Alimentarius Commission. Provisions are searchable by food additive (name, synonym, INS number), by functional class and by food category. La " Norme generale Codex pour les additifs alimentaires " stipule les conditions dans lesquelles des additifs alimentaires autorises peuvent etre utilises dans tous les aliments. Cette base de donnees contient, sous une forme consultable, toutes les dispositions relatives a des additifs alimentaires adoptees par la Commission du Codex Alimentarius. Les dispositions sont consultables par additif alimentaire (nom, synonyme, N SIN), par categorie fonctionnelle, ainsi que par categorie de denrees alimentaires. La "Norma General del Codex para los Aditivos Alimentarios" establece las condiciones en las que se pueden utilizar aditivos alimentarios autorizados en todos los alimentos. Esta base de datos contiene, en un formato que permite realizar busquedas, todas las disposiciones sobre aditivos alimentarios que han sido aprobadas por la Comision del Codex Alimentarius. Se pueden buscar las disposiciones por aditivo alimentario (nombre, sinonimo, numero del SIN), por clase funcional, asi como por categoria de alimentos."
The growing food industry is currently employing a large number of microbial products. Microbial products are of biological origin and are considered safe as compared to synthetic and chemical formulations. Microbial products are used in the processing or manufacturing of a variety of food products. These days, fermented foods have become very common. Enzymes, pigments, and organic acids of microbial origin are common in the food industry. Demand for microbial products and metabolites are continuously increasing, and microbial products are an area of commercial interest for the food biotechnology and microbial biotechnology industries. This book covers microbial enzymes along with their utilization in the food industry. Important enzymes including amylase, inulinase, pullulanase, protease, aspartase, naringinase, cellulose, xylanase, pectinase, and asparaginase have been discussed, along with their potent applications in the food industry. Also, microbial polysaccharides, organic acids, and pigments of microbial origin have been discussed. This book will provide important insight regarding microbial enzymes and additives for the food industry now and in the future. This text will be helpful for graduate, post graduate students, researchers, and industry professionals, extensively engaged in the area of food science and technology, food biotechnology, and industrial biotechnology.
This book explores the emergence and expansion of global kosher and halal markets with a particular focus on the UK and Denmark. Kosher is a Hebrew term meaning 'fit' or 'proper' while halal is an Arabic word that literally means 'permissible' or 'lawful'. This is the first book to explore kosher and halal comparatively at different levels of the social scale such as individual consumption, the marketplace, religious organisations and the state. Kosher and halal markets have become global in scope and states, manufacturers, restaurants, shops, certifiers and consumers around the world are faced with ever stricter and more complex kosher and halal requirements. The research question in this book is: What are the consequences of globalising kosher and halal markets? -- .
The Globalization of Wine is a one-stop guide to understanding wine across the world today. Examining a broad range of developments in the wine world, it considers the social, cultural, economic, political and geographical dimensions of wine globalization. It investigates how large-scale changes in production, distribution and consumption are transforming the wine that we drink. Comprehensive background discussion is complemented by vivid case study chapters from a variety of international contributors. Many different countries and regions are covered, including China, the USA and Hong Kong, as are key themes, debates and controversies in contemporary wine worlds. Innovative, up-to-date and interdisciplinary, The Globalization of Wine illustrates the diversity and complexity of wine globalization processes across the planet, both in the past and at the present time. It is essential reading for academics and students in food and drink studies, sociology, anthropology, globalization studies, geography and cultural studies. It also provides a jargon-free resource for wine professionals and connoisseurs.
This edition of The State of Food and Agriculture, focusing on social protection, elaborates on the FAO's unequivocal support to strengthen national capacities and capabilities to successfully develop and deliver needed programmes.
This comprehensive reference covers the impact of dietary phosphorus in phosphorus physiology, public health and the pathogenesis of disease. Divided into three parts, the first section is an overview of the history of phosphorus and the regulation of phosphorus homeostasis. The second section focuses on specific matters related to phosphorus in the food supply. Clinical applications of the material presented in the preceding sections are pulled together in the third section - including the importance of both phosphorus excess and phosphorus deficiency for the pathogenesis of a wide variety of disease including kidney, cardiovascular, bone and oncologic diseases. Clinical Aspects of Natural and Added Phosphorus in Foods is an indispensable resource for understanding the growing importance of dietary phosphorus content in health and disease, enhancing patient care and moving forward the field of phosphorus science.
We all witness, in advertising and on supermarket shelves, the fierce competition for our food dollars. In this engrossing expose, Marion Nestle goes behind the scenes to reveal how the competition really works and how it affects our health. The abundance of food in the United States - enough calories to meet the needs of every man, woman, and child twice over - has a downside. Our over-efficient food industry must do everything possible to persuade people to eat more - more food, more often, and in larger portions - no matter what it does to waistlines or well-being. Like manufacturing cigarettes or building weapons, making food is big business. Food companies in 2000 generated nearly $900 billion in sales. They have stakeholders to please, shareholders to satisfy, and government regulations to deal with. It is nevertheless shocking to learn precisely how food companies lobby officials, co-opt experts, and expand sales by marketing to children, members of minority groups, and people in developing countries. We learn that the food industry plays politics as well as or better than other industries, not least because so much of its activity takes place outside the public view. Editor of the 1988 "Surgeon General's Report on Nutrition and Health", Nestle is uniquely qualified to lead us through the maze of food industry interests and influences. She vividly illustrates food politics in action: watered-down government dietary advice, schools pushing soft drinks, diet supplements promoted as if they were First Amendment rights. When it comes to the mass production and consumption of food, strategic decisions are driven by economics - not science, not common sense, and certainly not health. No wonder most of us are thoroughly confused about what to eat to stay healthy. An accessible and balanced account, "Food Politics" will forever change the way we respond to food industry marketing practices. By explaining how much the food industry influences government nutrition policies and how cleverly it links its interests to those of nutrition experts, this path-breaking book helps us understand more clearly than ever before what we eat and why.
In 1899, Allie Rowbottom's great-great-great-uncle bought the patent to Jell-O from its inventor for $450. The sale would turn out to be one of the most profitable business deals in American history and the generations that followed enjoyed immense privilege - but they were also haunted by suicides, cancer, alcoholism and mysterious ailments. More than 100 years after that deal was struck, Allie's mother Mary was diagnosed with the same incurable cancer, a disease that had also claimed her own mother's life. Determined to combat what she had come to consider the "Jell-O curse" and her looming mortality, Mary began obsessively researching her family's past, determined to understand the origins of her illness and the impact on her life of Jell-O and the traditional American values the company championed. Before she died in 2015, Mary began to send Allie boxes of her research and notes, in the hope that her daughter might write what she could not. JELL-O GIRLS is the liberation of that story. A gripping examination of the dark side of an iconic American product and a moving portrait of the women who lived in the shadow of its fractured fortune, JELL-O GIRLS is a family history, a feminist history and a story of motherhood, love and loss. In crystalline prose Rowbottom considers the roots of trauma not only in her own family but in the American psyche as well, ultimately weaving a story that is deeply personal, as well as deeply connected to the collective female experience.
The National Household Food Acquisition and Purchase Survey (FoodAPS) is the first survey to collect unique and comprehensive data about food purchases and acquisitions for a nationally representative sample of U.S. households. This book compares shopping patterns of (1) Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) households to low- and higher income nonparticipant households, (2) participants in the Special Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) to nonparticipants, and (3) food-insecure to food-secure households. Ensuring that Americans have adequate access to food is an important policy goal. In the 2008 Farm Bill, the U.S. Congress directed the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) Economic Research Service (ERS) to learn more about food access limitations. The book examines SNAP households' geographic access. Furthermore, efforts to encourage Americans to improve their diets and to eat more nutritious foods presume that a wide variety of these foods are accessible to everyone. But for some Americans and in some communities, access to healthy foods may be limited. The book concludes with updates on population estimates of indicators of spatial access to healthy and affordable foods in the United States using population data from the 2010 Census, income and vehicle availability data from the 2006-2010 American Community Survey, and a 2010 directory of supermarkets.
Today's wine industry is characterized by regional differences not only in the wines themselves but also in the business models by which these wines are produced, marketed, and distributed. In Old World countries such as France, Spain, and Italy, small family vineyards and cooperative wineries abound. In New World regions like the United States and Australia, the industry is dominated by a handful of very large producers. This is the first book to trace the economic and historical forces that gave rise to very distinctive regional approaches to creating wine.
James Simpson shows how the wine industry was transformed in the decades leading up to the First World War. Population growth, rising wages, and the railways all contributed to soaring European consumption even as many vineyards were decimated by the vine disease phylloxera. At the same time, new technologies led to a major shift in production away from Europe's traditional winemaking regions. Small family producers in Europe developed institutions such as regional appellations and cooperatives to protect their commercial interests as large integrated companies built new markets in America and elsewhere. Simpson examines how Old and New World producers employed diverging strategies to adapt to the changing global wine industry.
"Creating Wine" includes chapters on Europe's cheap commodity wine industry; the markets for sherry, port, claret, and champagne; and the new wine industries in California, Australia, and Argentina.
The author shows the way grain traders and households in five Tanzanian towns were affected by the Tanzanian government's decision to opt for liberalization in the trade of two staple food crops: rice and maize.
Writing with wit and verve, Mike Veseth (a.k.a. the Wine Economist) tells the compelling story of the war between the market trends that are redrawing the world wine map and the terroirists who resist them. Wine and the wine business are at a critical crossroad today, transformed by three powerful forces. Veseth begins with the first force, globalization, which is shifting the center of the wine world as global wine markets provide enthusiasts with a rich but overwhelming array of choices. Two Buck Chuck, the second force, symbolizes the rise of branded products like the famous Charles Shaw wines sold in Trader Joe's stores. Branded corporate wines simplify the worldwide wine market and give buyers the confidence they need to make choices, but they also threaten to dumb down wine, sacrificing terroir to achieve marketable McWine reliability. Will globalization and Two Buck Chuck destroy the essence of wine? Perhaps, but not without a fight, Veseth argues. He counts on "the revenge of the terroirists" to save wine's soul. But it won't be easy as wine expands to exotic new markets such as China and the very idea of terroir is attacked by both critics and global climate change. Veseth has "grape expectations" that globalization, Two Buck Chuck, and the revenge of the terroirists will uncork a favorable future for wine in an engaging tour-de-force that will appeal to all lovers of wine, whether it be boxed, bagged, or bottled.
A number of recent books, magazines, and television programs have emerged that promise to take viewers inside the exciting world of professional chefs. While media suggest that the occupation is undergoing a transformation, one thing remains clear: being a chef is a decidedly male-dominated job. Over the past six years, the prestigious James Beard Foundation has presented 84 awards for excellence as a chef, but only 19 were given to women. Likewise, Food and Wine magazine has recognized the talent of 110 chefs on its annual "Best New Chef" list since 2000, and to date, only 16 women have been included. How is it that women - the gender most associated with cooking - have lagged behind men in this occupation? Taking the Heat examines how the world of professional chefs is gendered, what conditions have led to this gender segregation, and how women chefs feel about their work in relation to men. Tracing the historical evolution of the profession and analyzing over two thousand examples of chef profiles and restaurant reviews, as well as in-depth interviews with thirty-three women chefs, Deborah Harris and Patti Giuffre reveal a great irony between the present realities of the culinary profession and the traditional, cultural associations of cooking and gender. Since occupations filled with women are often culturally and economically devalued, male members exclude women to enhance the job's legitimacy. For women chefs, these professional obstacles and other challenges, such as how to balance work and family, ultimately push some of the women out of the career. Although female chefs may be outsiders in many professional kitchens, the participants in Taking the Heat recount advantages that women chefs offer their workplaces and strengths that Harris and Giuffre argue can help offer women chefs - and women in other male-dominated occupations - opportunities for greater representation within their fields.
Written by the owner of a preserved Mr Softee vehicle, this book recaptures the story of a favourite brand.
Building on recent scholarship in the sociology of food, Claire Lamine uses in-depth case studies from France and Brazil to compile a critical survey of social science approaches to sustainability transitions in agrifood systems. Lamine addresses the diverse pathways of transition encountered across multiple levels, from the farm through farmers' networks and food chains, to the territorial scale of regions. She also explores the efforts made by those involved in the agricultural world to create new connections between agriculture, food, environment and health, while also taking social equity issues into account. Lamine's work adopts a comparative perspective to explore the translation of agroecology into government programmes and the specific modes of governance involved in France and Brazil - two countries that pioneer in implementing agroecology yet which differ both in visions and context. Providing new options for understanding the complex issue of agrifood transitions, this book will make an impact for those studying food systems, geography, sociology, politics and agriculture.
Shows how improving on the traditional techniques of drying by sun and air can provide income-generating activities for groups in the developing world. Examples from Peru, Colombia and Bangladesh; with detailed technical appendices.
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