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The federal government requires that most packaged foods carry a standardized label--the Nutrition Facts panel--that provides nutrition information intended to help consumers make healthful choices. In recent years, manufacturers have begun to include additional nutrition messages on their food packages. These messages are commonly referred to as 'front-of-package' (FOP) labeling. As FOP labeling has multiplied, it has become easy for consumers to be confused about critical nutrition information. In considering how FOP labeling should be used as a nutrition education tool in the future, Congress directed the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention to undertake a two-phase study with the IOM on FOP nutrition rating systems and nutrition-related symbols. The Food and Drug Administration is also a sponsor. In Phase 1 of its study, the IOM reviewed current systems and examined the strength and limitations of the nutrition criteria that underlie them. The IOM concludes that it would be useful for FOP labeling to display calorie information and serving sizes in familiar household measures. In addition, as FOP systems may have the greatest benefit if the nutrients displayed are limited to those most closely related to prominent health conditions, FOP labeling should provide information on saturated fats, trans fats, and sodium.
Brewed in the Traditional Manner is the story of the Hook Norton Brewery Company and has been drawn from the archives of the company, academic works, newspaper articles and the recollections of villagers; tracing the Company's development from its humble beginnings in the mid-nineteenth century to the present day. The book looks at both the high and low points of the Brewery's past and explains how the development of the Hook Norton Brewery did not follow the typical pattern of brewery development during the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. The book is set against the backdrop of the wider world of the brewing industry and is the first fully researched social and business account of the Hook Norton Brewery's past, providing base-line history of the company and giving an insight into the running of a rural business.
A study of the technical and economic revival of the small-scale OPS method of sugar processing in India, and its transfer to Kenya. A detailed study of two contrasting situations.
No spirit beverage encapsulates the essence of the Caribbean quite like rum. Rum, Rivalry and Resistance introduces readers to the political history of Caribbean rum, especially within the context of recent political and economic struggles to retain the nature, quality and market of this important Caribbean spirit. It concludes with a number of recommendations and strategies that may have to be explored in greater depth by Caribbean rum producers so that the sugar-rum industries may survive into the 21st century.
Sugar is among the most traded commodities with exports accounting for over one quarter of global production. In this book, the authors discuss the global sugar market; the application of nano-and ultrafiltration in the sugar industry, and sugar utilisation by fungi providing leads for fungal metabolic engineering in crude plant substrates in industrial applications. Additionally, this book discusses cotton crops, the most popularly used textile fibre in the world. The average production of cotton fibre in the world is around 25 million metric tons per year. Additionally, the authors examine cotton fibre grading and classification methods which play pivotal roles in the pricing and marketing of cotton fibres; a look at how the cotton plant responds to different stresses in the breeding of more tolerant crops; and the planting status of cotton world-wide, among others.
During fermentation processes, the determination of microbiological population density and diversity, nutrients concentration and products formation are the most important variables. Nowadays many different approaches are being developed for the monitoring of fermentation processes. The authors review different strategies to monitor alcoholic fermentation processes, ranging from offline to online approaches. In addition, research on fermentation is important in the specific branch of biomedical science, food science. In this book, the authors summarise such research from Thailand, a well-known agricultural country from Asia. The authors also summarise recent reports focusing on the metagenomics analysis and application of the fermentation industry. Furthermore, increasing demand for high-value oils has focused commercial attention on the provision of suitable biosynthetic framework for their production. This book examines the biotechnological production and application of high-value microbial oils. Also highlighted in this book are the recent findings and new strategies in tailoring some relevant industrial products by submerged fermentation. Additional chapters review the application of agro-industrial residues and by-products in biotechnological processes, nutritional needs and sources of n-3 fat and production strategies for microbial DHA and EPA production, and the development and interaction of microbes important for dairy product manufacturing and fermented beverages.
This book is an overview of the current U.S. and World Beef Trade. The 110th Congress has been monitoring U.S. efforts to regain foreign markets that banned U.S. beef when a Canadian-born cow in Washington state tested positive for bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE) in December of 2003. This book discusses the four major U.S. beef export markets, Canada, Mexico, Japan and Korea, which are again open to U.S. products. However, resumption of beef trade with Japan and Korea has not gone smoothly. Korea briefly readmitted but then suspended U.S. beef imports. Additionally, Russia announced on 23 August 2008, that it was banning poultry imports from 19 U.S. establishments due to safety concerns. Furthermore, this book details the effects of animal health, sanitary, food safety and other measures on U.S. beef exports.
A dram of fine scotch can transport us to Scotland Highlands or Lowlands, coast or island from anywhere in the world. This fully illustrated book looks at the ingredients and processes, the distilleries, the famous whiskies, and the wealth of colourful tales that make scotch whisky what it is. Inside front: Scotch whisky: words redolent of Highland vistas and wind-blown coasts, carefully guarded family traditions and the living heritage of craft-based distilling. Yet despite these very specific associations it is also the world's most popular spirit, with new devotees flocking constantly from across the globe. Scotch Whisky looks at the history of the industry and drink - from moonlighters and Excisemen through prohibition up to recent competition from trendier clear spirits - and at what makes each malt whisky so unique: the various distilleries, the raw materials, the distillation and maturation, the sometimes minute variations that can make tremendous differences in flavor and aroma. Looking as well at grain whisky and blends, it is the only guide you will need to scotch and the scotch industry, whether touring distilleries or relaxing at home with a dram.
Two thirds of U.S. adults are overweight, and childhood obesity and diabetes are on the rise. To reverse these health problems, experts are urging Americans to eat healthier. Food labels contain information to help consumers who want to make healthy food choices. The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) oversees federal labelling rules for 80 percent of foods. This book explores Food Labelling in the U.S., wherein the FDA needs to better leverage resources, improve oversight and effectively use available data to help consumers select healthy foods. FDA's oversight and enforcement efforts have not kept pace with the growing number of food firms. As a result, FDA has little assurance that companies comply with food labelling laws and regulations for, among other things, preventing false or misleading labelling. FDA has reported that limited resources and authorities challenge its efforts to carry out its food safety responsibilities -- these challenges also impact efforts to oversee food labelling laws. As discussed in this book, the FDA's Food Protection Plan cites the need for authority to, among other things, collect a re-inspection user fee, accredit third-party inspectors, and require recalls when voluntary recalls are not effective.
This book explores the concern about the dramatic increase in childhood obesity in the United States which has prompted Congress to request that the Federal Trade Commission conduct a study of food and beverage marketing to children and adolescents. The results of that study - an analysis of 2006 expenditures and activities by 44 companies - are presented here. Included are not only the traditional measured media - television, radio, and print, but also activities on the Internet and other new electronic media, as well as previously unmeasured forms of marketing to young people, such as packaging, in-store advertising, event sponsorship, and promotions that take place in schools. Integrated advertising campaigns that combine several of these techniques and often involve cross-promotions - linking a food or beverage to a licensed character, a new movie, or a popular television program, dominate today's landscape of advertising to youth. The data presented in this book tell the story of food and beverage marketing in a year just preceding, or early in the development of, industry self-regulatory activities designed to reduce or change the profile of such marketing to children. Furthermore, this book, which compiles information not previously assembled or available to the research community, may serve as a benchmark for measuring future progress with respect to these initiatives.
The global food-supply chain is vulnerable to threats from a
variety of directions. Hence food security and safety remains a hot
topic worldwide in academic research arenas and food industry
practices. This book describes efforts from academia, government,
and industry to counter food terrorism and to protect the food
supply against any threat. In addition, it evaluates the global
food supply, production capabilities, and food availability during
and after disasters. Articles in the book assess food safety
emergencies, and the prevention of, and response to deliberate
contamination by microbial or chemical substances. Minimization of
health and economic risks following a terrorist act or
unintentional contamination is likewise discussed. The book also
examines novel preservation techniques, methods to produce safe
food products, and other concerns for ensuring a stable and safe
Canned foods are a significant component of the diet of most people in both developed and developing countries, offering a wider choice of nutritious, good quality foods in a convenient form all year. During canning, both desirable and undesirable changes occur in nutritional and sensory properties of foods, resulting from heat treatment employed for the destruction of microorganisms to achieve the desired commercial sterility. The extent of thermal processing, in terms of both temperature and duration of the treatment, is dependent upon the chemical and physical composition of the product, the canning medium and the conditions of storage, determining the product quality in terms of its sensory properties and nutrient content. This book reviews the major principles and operations used during food canning, identifies the nutritional and sensory changes occurring during the process and their effect on the quality of canned foods. In addition, it explains the use of response surface methodology (RSM) as modelling and optimisation techniques used in the canning industry in recent times to manipulate canning processes to maintain the nutritional and sensory qualities of canned foods, using two recent studies where RSM was used to study the effect of pre-canning processes including blanching time, soaking time and sodium hexametaphosphate [(NaPO3)6] salt concentration on moisture, minerals, leached solids, phytates, tannins and hardness (texture) of cowpeas (Vigna unguiculata) and bambara groundnut (Voandzei subterranea). Regression models were developed to predict the pre-canning parameters that yield the best quality products, with minimal effects on the nutritional and textural properties of the products. The optimal conditions found to achieve the optimum quality of the canned cowpeas were blanching time of 5 min, soaking time of 12 h and [(NaPO3)6] salt concentration of 0.5%, and for the bambara groundnut; blanching time of 8 min, soaking time of 12 h and [(NaPO3)6] salt concentration of 0.5%. The combination of blanching, soaking and [(NaPO3)6] salt were modelled using RSM to retain the nutritional (mineral) content of products while reducing the anti-nutritional factors and the hardness of the canned products with acceptable quality characteristics, indicating that as recent advances in canning technology, modelling techniques could be used to control canning operations while retaining desirable product quality characteristics.
The Pacific Food System Outlook represents the first regionwide coordinated effort to provide the outlook for the Pacific food system. The food system includes not just production agriculture, but also the whole complex of economic relationships and linkages that tie the region's food consumers to producers. The goal of the ""Pacific Food System Outlook"" is to help increase knowledge about the diverse components of this vital segment of the global economy.
This is an update to the landmark guide to foodborne diseases and how to prevent them.It is estimated that more than 100 million foodrelated illnesses are recorded in the United States alone each year, from undercooked fastfood hamburgers to chicken contaminated with salmonella. Today, there are added worries due to increased potential for food contamination on the global market, the prospect of terrorism against the food supply, and the lack of adequate regulation of food products and handling. Food safety has become a daily concern. Written by renowned food expert Morton Satin, ""Food Alert!, Second Edition"" provides an up-to-date and comprehensive examination of the causes, dangers, and prevention of foodborne diseases.New and updated topics include: the deficiencies of modern food handling that allow germs and bacteria to thrive; protection and prevention from exposure to foodborne illnesses; immediate steps one should take if food poisoning strikes; the 20 most common causes of foodborne illnesses in the kitchen; increasingly complex food labeling; the growing threat of bioterrorism; new government, industry, and consumer advocacy initiatives; up-to-date information on inadequate reporting of foodborne disease incidents; and, more.
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