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A journey through the history and science of epidemics and pandemics – from measles to coronavirus.
For centuries mankind has waged war against the infections that, left untreated, would have the power to wipe out communities, or even entire populations. Yet for all our advanced scientific knowledge, only one human disease – smallpox – has ever been eradicated globally. In recent years, outbreaks of Ebola and Zika have provided vivid examples of how difficult it is to contain an infection once it strikes, and the panic that a rapidly spreading epidemic can ignite.
But while we chase the diseases we are already aware of, new ones are constantly emerging, like the coronavirus that spread across the world in 2020. At the same time, anti-microbial resistance is harnessing infections that we once knew how to control, enabling them to thrive once more.
Meera Senthilingam presents a timely look at humanity’s ongoing battle against infection, examining the successes and failures of the past, along with how we are confronting the challenges of today, and our chances of eradicating disease in the future.
This revised edition has three comprehensive chapters on Environmental Health. Vlok’s Community Health remains the ideal accompaniment for health professionals working in the community.
Building on the reputation of Manual of Community Nursing and Communicable Diseases, Vlok’s Community Health is relevant for the Community Health Professional under the Re-engineered Primary Healthcare System. Topics covered include Public Health, the National Health Insurance and Community Oriented Primary Care, as well as care of the individual throughout the lifespan. This well-written text places emphasis on practical application of theoretical concepts. The practical aspects extend to the chapters on Managing the Community Clinic and Caring for the Disabled at Home, which contain informative examples and suggestions.
Social aspects have not been overlooked and appropriate chapters on Family Pathologies, Intimate Partner Violence and Cultural World Views have been included.
Across the world, 2 billion people experience menstruation, yet menstruation is seen as a mark of shame. We are told not to discuss it in public, that tampons and sanitary pads should be hidden away, the blood rendered invisible. In many parts of the world, poverty, culture and religion collide causing the taboo around menstruation to have grave consequences. Younger people who menstruate are deterred from going to school, adults from work, infections are left untreated. The shame is universal and the silence a global rule. In It's Only Blood Anna Dahlqvist tells the shocking but always moving stories of why and how people from Sweden to Bangladesh, from the United States to Uganda, are fighting back against the shame.
Culture and its impact on health assessment and interventions is widely recognised as an essential aspect of medical training. While courses are proliferating throughout Africa and the rest of the world, there has, until now, been no suitable student textbook or reference text to support such initiatives. The authors of Cultural issues in health and health care deal with the basic principles of transcultural care and focus on training practitioners to be able to put the principles into practice in their own health settings.
Wellness medicine is the field that focuses on improving overall functioning, quality of life, and wellbeing, beyond symptom management of medical illness, leading to restoration and maintenance of health. The Handbook of Wellness Medicine provides a practical guide to the latest in evidence-based medicine, as well as best practice, to assist healthcare professionals in utilizing the full range of interventions to improve wellness and help patients complete their journeys to full health. The volume is organized into five parts: Part I introduces the concept of wellness by detailing the definitions and assessment/measurement methods, and formulating wellness plans. Part II describes wellness plans in major illnesses, categorized by organ system/disorder. Part III covers the methods to improve wellness in special populations. Part IV details each wellness intervention, including the scientific evidence behind it and its practical application. Part V focuses on integrating and personalizing the interventions into one's life to maintain wellness.
For Personal Health Courses Connecting Your Health to Your World-Money and Technology Edition Health: The Basics, Eleventh Edition focuses health coverage on real-world topics that have the greatest impact on students' lives, bringing health topics to life and keeping students hooked on learning and living well. This text addresses students' diverse needs and learning styles with new Video Tutors and the new (optional) MasteringHealth. (TM) Along with its dynamic new content and technology, this book retains its hallmarks of currency, excellent research, strength in behavior change, attractive design, imaginative art, and unique mini-chapters. This program presents a better teaching and learning experience-for you and your students. Health: The Basics, Eleventh Edition will: Personalize learning with MasteringHealth (optional): MasteringHealth coaches students through the toughest health topics. Engaging tools help students visualize, practice, and understand crucial content, from the basics of health to the fundamentals of behavior change. Cover health topics with a real-world focus: Money and Technology are two of the timeliest issues arising in health today and are addressed through the new Money & Health and Tech & Health boxes. A new mini-chapter targets financial challenges students face every day, such as budgeting, scams, and debt. Make health mobile: Video Tutors throughout the text present key figures or points of discussion in an engaging video. QR codes make these short videos easily viewable from a smartphone, tablet, or laptop. Support instructors: Robust instructor tools, including the Teaching Toolkit with rich media, the Test Bank, and the new MasteringHealth learning platform help you plan your lecture and assess students. Encourage critical thinking and behavior change: Learning Catalytics (TM) is a "bring your own device" student engagement, assessment, and classroom intelligence system that enables instructors to assess students in real time, improve students' critical-thinking skills, access rich analytics, and more. Note: You are purchasing a standalone product; MasteringHealth does not come packaged with this content. MasteringHealth is not a self-paced technology and should only be purchased when required by an instructor.
The only fully illustrated, modern A-Z guide for those studying and working in health and social care. Features over 1500 clear, concise and up-to-date definitions and explanations, covering requirements of National Occupational Standards for learners and teachers/tutors in schools, colleges and the workplace. Useful as a quick reference guide to safe practice for qualified practitioners. Full-colour, highly illustrated approach allows for a clear explanation of terms and makes information easier to access. A-Z dictionary format that means the guide is easy and quick to use. Legislation appendix ensures access to key up-to-date information.
From tuberculosis to bird flu and HIV to coronavirus, these infectious diseases share a common origin story: human interaction with animals. Otherwise known as zoonotic diseases for their passage from animals to humans, these pathogens - both pre-existing ones and those newly identified - emerge and re-emerge throughout history, sparking epidemics and pandemics that have resulted in millions of deaths around the world. How did these diseases come about? And what-if anything-can we do to stop them and their fatal march into our countries, our homes, and our bodies?
In How to Survive a Pandemic, Dr. Michael Greger, physician and internationally-recognized expert on public health issues, delves into the origins of some of the deadliest pathogens the world has ever seen. Tracing their evolution from the past until today, Dr. Greger spotlights emerging flu and coronaviruses as he examines where these pathogens originated, as well as the underlying conditions and significant human role that have exacerbated their lethal influence to large, and even global, levels.
As the world grapples with the devastating impact of the novel coronavirus 2019, Dr. Greger reveals not only what we can do to protect ourselves and our loved ones during a pandemic, but also what human society must rectify to reduce the likelihood of even worse catastrophes in the future.
At the dawn of the Progressive Era, when America was experiencing an industrial boom, many working families often ate contaminated food, lived in decaying urban tenements, and had little access to medical care. In a city that demanded change, Los Angeles women, rather than city officials, championed the call to action.
Cultivating Health, an interdisciplinary chronicle, details women's impact on remaking health policy, despite the absence of government support. Combining primary source and municipal archival research with comfortable prose, Jennifer Lisa Koslow explores community nursing, housing reform, milk sanitation, childbirth, and the campaign against venereal disease in late nineteenth and early twentieth century Los Angeles. She demonstrates how women implemented health care reform and civic programs while laying the groundwork for a successful transition of responsibility back to government.
Koslow highlights women's home health care and urban policy-changing accomplishments and pays tribute to what would become the model for similar service-based systems in other American centers.
Over 150 practical tips and guides that will help safeguard your family during a pandemic. COVID-19 has changed the world and touched the lives of millions. Yet this may be just the first of a potentially terrifying wave of new and lethal pandemics that Governments are ill equipped to handle. New York Times Bestselling author Tim MacWelch and FEMA certified survival expert Joseph Pred provide expert and proven advice that can save you and your family when no-one else can. Learn how to create your own facemasks, stock your pantry, and quarantine safely in your own home. With over 150 clearly illustrated survival tips, The Essential Pandemic Survival Guide is the best way that you can protect your family from the lethal impact of a global pandemic. Topics include: - Masks and gloves: What you need to know. How to use properly, common do's and don'ts - DIY clean suit - Hand sanitizer - Your ultimate first-aid kit - Create an isolation room at home, if you must (and how to make that decision) - How to stock up sensibly for a potential lockdown. - The Ultimate Pandemic Checklist: Food, water, medical supplies, pet care, toiletries, personal items, and more - Help others deal with stress and anxiety - Manage your own mood and mental state - Care for pets in a pandemic - Make a family emergency plan - Help your local community prepare for disasters - 12-month schedule for checking on plans and preparedness with family - Put together your toolkit - Disinfect water - Chart your survival priorities - Pack your bug-out bag
To achieve material success in a technologically advanced society, it may be necessary to subject yourself to a great deal of stress. However, it is not necessary to stay tense. The president of Independent Power Systems International, John Perkins manages large-scale projects aimed at conserving energy and improving the environment. The Stress-Free Habit is the result of his twenty years of experience as a management consultant to governmental organizations and businesses in countries as diverse as Ecuador, Indonesia, Egypt, Mexico, Iran, and Saudi Arabia. The author points out that stress is all around us and, while it is often useful and even essential, it can also be extremely harmful. While other cultures incorporate very specific methods of stress management as part of their daily routines, such methods are noticeably absent from the fabric of modern Western culture.Perkins emphasizes that we can--and should--seek out these techniques wherever they are to be found and put them into practice in our own lives. Throughout his travels and contacts with a variety of native cultures, the author has observed and integrated traditional practices that have enabled him and his co-workers to manage stress effectively and achieve high levels of success. The Stress-Free Habit consolidates this practical wisdom in a simple easy-to-follow eight-step program. Those who practice it experience physical and psychological benefits, including elimination of alcohol and drug abuse, insomnia, headache, diarrhea, and nervous disorders, as well as a lower probability of heart attack. The principles of The Stress-Free Habit come to life in tales of remarkable encounters with individuals who have mastered the art of creative living. Their stories are a testament to techniques of stress management that can help you live a longer, more relaxed, and more productive life.
This title attempts to capture the essence of transformation and trends in the South African health sector. On the one hand, it offers an overview of recent and current developments in the South African health care system; and on the other, of trends in the health status of the South African population. The title retains a strong historical thread, but the focus is generally on the nature of transformation process, gains made and failures encountered.
The changes taking place within family medicine in South Africa today affect the provision of health care in both public and private sectors.
Public health officials state that vaccines are safe and
effective, but the truth is far more complicated. Vaccination is a
serious medical intervention that always carries the potential to
injure and cause death as well as to prevent disease. Coercive
vaccination policies deprive people of free and informed
consent--the hallmark of ethical medicine. Americans are
increasingly concerned about vaccine safety and the right to make
individual, informed choices together with their healthcare
practitioners. "Vaccine Epidemic" focuses on the searing debate
surrounding individual and parental vaccination choice in the
Globally recognized as the definitive text on health promotion, this fourth edition becomes ever more useful for public health and health promotion courses around the world. It offers a firm foundation in health promotion before helping you to understand the process of planning, implementing and assessing programmes in the real world. New to the 4th Edition: A chapter on "Evidence-Based Health Promotion" addressing the development of an evidence base for health promotion. Expanded coverage of health inequalities, equity and social exclusion Further discussion of mental health promotion and well-being Key concepts are now highlighted and explained throughout the book 'Critical reflection' boxes have been added to help the reader think critically about an issue or approach. The book is supported by online resources, with up to 20 original case studies from around the world, access to full SAGE journal articles, and seminar questions for lecturers.
Retaining the features that characterized the phenomenal success of previous editions - namely, authority, accessibility and a user-friendly style - the latest edition of Ewles & Simnett's Promoting Health: A Practical Guide, continues to offer readers with a sound introduction to the theory and practice of promoting public health. Organised into three parts, the first section, 'Thinking About Health, Health Promotion and Public Health', explains what health, health promotion, public health and health education entail. The second part, 'Planning and Managing Health Promotion and Public Health Practice' focuses on the health promoter's daily work, beginning with a basic planning and evaluation framework followed by a discussion of how to identify and assess needs and priorities. The final part of the book, 'Competence in Health Promotion and Public Health Practice', examines how readers can develop their competence in carrying out a range of activities, including enabling clients to learn in one-to-one and group settings, working with communities and changing policies and practices. Fully updated throughout by a renowned author, the latest edition of this classic book includes the latest research on the comparative effectiveness of different approaches to health promotion and public health practice, and explores the development of public health communication strategies, including social marketing, social media campaigns, and use of pressure groups and 'nudging'. The book also highlights the latest thinking on a wide variety of topics to ensure relevance to a broad array of practitioners working across differing settings. Richly endowed with a wide range of interactive exercises and helpful case studies, Ewles & Simnett's Promoting Health: A Practical Guide, seventh edition, will be ideal for anyone involved with health promotion and public health wherever they are based. New edition of a seminal text fully updated for today's reader Focuses on the theories, principles and competencies for practice across a wide range of settings ranging from communities, schools, and workplaces, to GP surgeries and hospitals Authoritative and accessible writing style helps make learning easy Reflective activities help students consolidate their learning Case studies - many from real life - provide practical examples to help readers apply concepts to their own setting Gives emphasis to good communication and the effective use of communication tools Practice points help readers structure their study and recap on what they have learned Describes changes to the structure and organisation of public health within the UK, including the latest national standards for work in health promotion and public health Outlines new research on the comparative effectiveness of different approaches to health promotion and public health practice Explores the development of public health communication strategies, including social marketing, social media campaigns, and use of pressure groups and 'nudging' Highlights the latest 'current thinking' across a variety of different settings, to ensure relevance to a broad array of practitioners working across differing settings Explores the increasing use of the internet to help individuals monitor and support their own wellbeing
New York Times Bestseller Wall Street Journal Bestseller A New York Times Book Review Editors' Choice From economist Anne Case and Nobel Prize winner Angus Deaton, a groundbreaking account of how the flaws in capitalism are fatal for America's working class Life expectancy in the United States has recently fallen for three years in a row-a reversal not seen since 1918 or in any other wealthy nation in modern times. In the past two decades, deaths of despair from suicide, drug overdose, and alcoholism have risen dramatically, and now claim hundreds of thousands of American lives each year-and they're still rising. Anne Case and Angus Deaton, known for first sounding the alarm about deaths of despair, explain the overwhelming surge in these deaths and shed light on the social and economic forces that are making life harder for the working class. They demonstrate why, for those who used to prosper in America, capitalism is no longer delivering. Deaths of Despair and the Future of Capitalism paints a troubling portrait of the American dream in decline. For the white working class, today's America has become a land of broken families and few prospects. As the college educated become healthier and wealthier, adults without a degree are literally dying from pain and despair. In this critically important book, Case and Deaton tie the crisis to the weakening position of labor, the growing power of corporations, and, above all, to a rapacious health-care sector that redistributes working-class wages into the pockets of the wealthy. Capitalism, which over two centuries lifted countless people out of poverty, is now destroying the lives of blue-collar America. This book charts a way forward, providing solutions that can rein in capitalism's excesses and make it work for everyone.
The Illustrated South African first aid manual for the home, office and outdoors is a vastly expanded and updated new edition of First Aid for the South African home, office and outdoors. It provides concise yet comprehensive instructions on how to deal with all common first-aid emergencies. There is even a section on basic first aid for domestic pets. The text is accompanied by step-by-step illustrations, which provide ‘at-a-glance’ reminders for the first aider of the latest procedures to follow. Also included are guidelines on what a first-aid kit should contain at home, as well as at the office or factory, and outdoors. Health hazards faced by first-aid workers are covered, as well as their legal responsibilities.
For most Western governments, defending against the threat of infectious disease is now an accepted security priority. Deciding what resources and policies to put in place to protect populations from pandemics, however, involves difficult political choices. How can we get these decisions right? And what are we prepared to sacrifice to achieve better health security? In this book, Simon Rushton explores the politics of pandemics in the contemporary world. Looking back over three decades of public health, he traces national and international efforts to tackle infectious disease, focusing in-depth on three core areas in which securitization has been particularly successful: rapidly spreading pandemic diseases, HIV/AIDS and man-made pathogenic threats, such as biological weapons. Three central problems raised by common responses to disease as a security threat are then examined: the impact upon individuals and civil liberties; the tendency to treat the symptoms and not the underlying causes of disease outbreaks; and the limited range of diseases deemed worthy of global attention and action. Arguing against a tendency to treat global health security as a technical challenge, the book stresses the need for a vibrant, and even confrontational, political engagement around the implications of securitizing public health.
Being healthy doesn't have to be hard. Eating junk food, drinking too much and rarely (or barely) exercising - we've all been there. Sometimes you just need a bit of help, some practical advice and a few words of encouragement to get yourself back on track. Intended for anyone with a busy life, this handbook gets straight to the point, gathering together useful tips, motivational quotes and achievable steps towards a healthier body and a happier mind. No matter where you're starting from or aiming for, there's something here to spur you on, including: Dietary hacks to avoid overeating, improve sleep and reach your ideal weight Good guidance on fats and carbs, which are often misunderstood An honest look at how alcohol can affect your health (and your finances) Easy ways to reduce your alcohol consumption Clever ideas for matching your workout to suit your mood and schedule Sound advice on choosing exercises that keep you motivated
Every new development--from exploding human and animal populations to trade and travel--intensifies our susceptibility to a devastating epidemic. Ironically, a pandemic on the scale of the 1918 flu that killed perhaps a hundred million people would be deadlier today, despite a century of medical advances. As the current Zika epidemic proves, we are wholly unprepared for these diseases. So what can-and must--we do to protect ourselves against mankind's Deadliest Enemy? Separating experience-borne fact from mindless fear, Michael Osterholm and Mark Olshaker detail the plans and resources that must be in place when the unthinkable becomes the inevitable. DEADLIEST ENEMY is high scientific drama, a chronicle of mystery and discovery, a reality check, and a plan of action.
PILATES / EXERCISECertified Pilates trainer Colleen Craig offers us a unique and exciting synthesis of the Pilates Method of body conditioning and the Swiss exercise ball, providing a new, low-impact way to get fit. Using the exercise ball, there is no need for the expensive equipment or studio time required in Pilates training. Developed in the early twentieth century by accomplished boxer and gymnast Joseph Pilates, the Pilates Method--named by many lifestyle and fitness magazines as the hottest workout of the decade--aligns the body, builds long, lean muscles, and develops core abdominal strength. The exercise ball, used by Olympic coaches, dancers, and athletes to heighten body awareness and enhance performance, provides a perfect base for performing the graceful, strength-building Pilates movements.Throughout her program Craig integrates the mind and body, offering breathing and relaxation techniques that accompany the ballwork. The personal stories and inspirational quotes included in the text illustrate how Pilates can improve your way of life. A handy exercise log makes it possible to track your workouts and monitor your individual progress. And, most important, step-by-step instructions and more than 300 photographs detail the Pilates principles and challenge all ability levels.Intense enough to engage seasoned athletes yet gentle enough to alleviate chronic pain and help heal injuries, Pilates on the Ball builds strong, flexible bodies and healthy minds in an innovative way.COLLEEN CRAIG is a Certified Pilates Trainer and writer. She lives in Toronto and teaches workshops throughout the world.
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