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Books > Money & Finance > Public finance > General

State and Local Financial Instruments - Policy Changes and Management (Hardcover): Craig L. Johnson, Martin J. Luby, Tima T.... State and Local Financial Instruments - Policy Changes and Management (Hardcover)
Craig L. Johnson, Martin J. Luby, Tima T. Moldogaziev
R2,619 Discovery Miles 26 190 Ships in 10 - 15 working days

The ability of a nation to finance its basic infrastructure is essential to its economic well-being in the 21st century. This book covers the municipal securities market in the United States from the perspective of its primary capital financing role in a fiscal federalist system, where subnational governments are responsible for financing the nation's essential physical infrastructure. Using the latest financial research and theory, Johnson, Luby and Moldogaziev use data-driven analysis to inform current public policy debates regarding the future of subnational government debt finance, including the regulation of professional financial service providers. The theories, research and practical examples in the book illustrate the policies and practices that helped governments navigate through the recent financial crisis and great recession, and those policies and practices that contributed to government shipwrecks. The book is designed to help officials make good, sound fiscal choices in a fast changing, complex financial world, and within the constraints imposed by fiscal rules and institutions. State and Local Financial Instruments will be of interest to academics, students and researchers interested in economics, finance, international studies and public policy. It is also an excellent reference tool for government officials, public policymakers and professionals working in finance.

Globalisation, the Global Financial Crisis and the State (Hardcover): John Farrar, David G. Mayes Globalisation, the Global Financial Crisis and the State (Hardcover)
John Farrar, David G. Mayes
R3,045 Discovery Miles 30 450 Ships in 10 - 15 working days

The recent global financial crisis has challenged conventional wisdom, and our conception of globalisation has been called into question. This challenging and timely book revisits the relationship between globalisation, the crisis and the state from an interdisciplinary perspective, with law, economics and political science underpinning the analysis. The expert contributors consider the Washington Consensus and its aftermath across Australia, China, the EU, New Zealand and South Africa in light of the financial crisis, encompassing public policy issues including banking reform, privatisation and state owned enterprise. The clash between market and state capitalism and the response of market capitalism to the crisis are also explored. This book draws together truly multidisciplinary discussions of the main issues for contemporary society in the face of globalisation, and defines how these issues relate to each other. As such, it will prove a stimulating read for academics, researchers, postgraduate students and policymakers with an interest in law, economics and politics.

Charging for Government - User charges and earmarked taxes in principle and practice (Hardcover): Richard E. Wagner Charging for Government - User charges and earmarked taxes in principle and practice (Hardcover)
Richard E. Wagner
R3,164 Discovery Miles 31 640 Ships in 10 - 15 working days

Originally published in 1991, user charges and earmarked taxes are methods by which people pay directly for the services they recieve from government. As such they are frequently supported by those who oppose increased taxation, who argue that they are more like market transactions than traditional forms of taxation. This book explores the cogency of these arguments in the light of public choice analyses of political processes.

Inflation, Unemployment and Money (Hardcover, 1858th ed.): Bruno Jossa, Marco Musella Inflation, Unemployment and Money (Hardcover, 1858th ed.)
Bruno Jossa, Marco Musella
R2,559 Discovery Miles 25 590 Ships in 10 - 15 working days

This comprehensive book presents an original reconstruction of the different interpretations of the Phillips curve. The authors demonstrate through an in-depth analysis how it is possible to find non-neoclassical foundations in the trade-off between inflation and unemployment. The debate is presented from a historical perspective which charts the evolution of the Phillips curve from a non-neoclassical perspective, taking account of post Keynesian literature. In the first part of the book the authors focus on the origins of the Phillips curve and they critically analyse Richard Lipsey's interpretation and approach to the Phillips curve. They then explore the neoclassical and monetarist interpretation, paying special attention to the evolution of monetarism and the Keynesian critique of this approach. The Kaleckian, Keynesian and Marxist interpretations of the Phillips trade-off are then presented. Here the authors show how the relationship between inflation, unemployment and money described in these approaches accurately reflects the fundamental features of today's capitalist economies. In the final section a new Phillips curve is constructed, taking into account the non-accelerating inflation rate of unemployment and the hysteresis of it. Inflation, Unemployment and Money will be of interest to macroeconomists, post Keynesians and monetary and financial economists.

Priced Out - The Economic and Ethical Costs of American Health Care (Hardcover): Uwe E Reinhardt Priced Out - The Economic and Ethical Costs of American Health Care (Hardcover)
Uwe E Reinhardt; Foreword by Paul Krugman, Sen William H Frist; Epilogue by Tsung-Mei Cheng
R577 R489 Discovery Miles 4 890 Save R88 (15%) Ships in 10 - 15 working days

From a giant of health care policy, an engaging and enlightening account of why American health care is so expensive-and why it doesn't have to be Uwe Reinhardt was a towering figure and moral conscience of health care policy in the United States and beyond. Famously bipartisan, he advised presidents and Congress on health reform and originated central features of the Affordable Care Act. In Priced Out, Reinhardt offers an engaging and enlightening account of today's U.S. health care system, explaining why it costs so much more and delivers so much less than the systems of every other advanced country, why this situation is morally indefensible, and how we might improve it. The problem, Reinhardt says, is not one of economics but of social ethics. There is no American political consensus on a fundamental question other countries settled long ago: to what extent should we be our brothers' and sisters' keepers when it comes to health care? Drawing on the best evidence, he guides readers through the chaotic, secretive, and inefficient way America finances health care, and he offers a penetrating ethical analysis of recent reform proposals. At this point, he argues, the United States appears to have three stark choices: the government can make the rich help pay for the health care of the poor, ration care by income, or control costs. Reinhardt proposes an alternative path: that by age 26 all Americans must choose either to join an insurance arrangement with community-rated premiums, or take a chance on being uninsured or relying on a health insurance market that charges premiums based on health status. An incisive look at the American health care system, Priced Out dispels the confusion, ignorance, myths, and misinformation that hinder effective reform.

Prosperity and Public Spending - Transformational growth and the role of government (Hardcover): Edward Nell Prosperity and Public Spending - Transformational growth and the role of government (Hardcover)
Edward Nell
R3,174 Discovery Miles 31 740 Ships in 10 - 15 working days

In a dramatic and well-argued challenge to the prevailing wisdom, Prosperity and Public Spending, first published in 1988, contends that the failure of Keynesian economics has been due to its timidity. Far from contracting, the government must expand its powers and activities, in order to achieve and maintain economic prosperity. The need for such expansion arises from the fact that the system has developed from a craft-based economy to a mass-production network with sophisticated international finance. This "transformational growth" brings about irreversible and sometimes devastating changes, requiring government action. Professor Nell argues that a lack of government action in the decade prior to the book's initial publication was responsible for the stagnation of the economy and he asserts that this could only be overcome by a determined policy intervention and the political will to achieve dominance over private capital.

Prosperity and Public Spending - Transformational growth and the role of government (Paperback): Edward Nell Prosperity and Public Spending - Transformational growth and the role of government (Paperback)
Edward Nell
R1,040 Discovery Miles 10 400 Ships in 10 - 15 working days

In a dramatic and well-argued challenge to the prevailing wisdom, Prosperity and Public Spending, first published in 1988, contends that the failure of Keynesian economics has been due to its timidity. Far from contracting, the government must expand its powers and activities, in order to achieve and maintain economic prosperity. The need for such expansion arises from the fact that the system has developed from a craft-based economy to a mass-production network with sophisticated international finance. This "transformational growth" brings about irreversible and sometimes devastating changes, requiring government action. Professor Nell argues that a lack of government action in the decade prior to the book's initial publication was responsible for the stagnation of the economy and he asserts that this could only be overcome by a determined policy intervention and the political will to achieve dominance over private capital.

The Global Financial Crisis and its Budget Impacts in OECD Nations - Fiscal Responses and Future Challenges (Hardcover): John... The Global Financial Crisis and its Budget Impacts in OECD Nations - Fiscal Responses and Future Challenges (Hardcover)
John Wanna, Evert A. Lindquist, Jouke de Vries
R3,190 Discovery Miles 31 900 Ships in 10 - 15 working days

The global financial crisis of 2007-09 constituted the biggest shock to the economies of the OECD nations since the Second World War, testing budgetary systems and causing most of their governments to move into intense crisis mode. Policy responses by governments and international authorities included massive interventions to stabilize markets and economies, and significant adjustments to fiscal policy regimes. How governments reacted to the crisis, which was manifested differently in each jurisdiction, had significant political implications for sitting governments and led to reforms of fiscal policy and budgetary regimes, which have since continued to wrestle with slow economic growth and strained public finances. This singular shock provides the editors and authors of this book with an intriguing opportunity to examine how different OECD budgetary systems performed. The contributions frame and assess how governments responded to the challenge and how their budget systems evolved in the aftermath, with a focus on strategy, decision-making and balancing competing demands. Chapters cover the EU, North America and Asia, including comparison between countries that fared well, those who were moderately affected and those countries massively affected by the global financial crisis. This timely book will appeal to students and academics seeking an international understanding and analysis of the effects and consequences of the global financial crisis.

Introduction to Cost-Benefit Analysis - Looking for Reasonable Shortcuts (Hardcover): Gines De-Rus Introduction to Cost-Benefit Analysis - Looking for Reasonable Shortcuts (Hardcover)
Gines De-Rus
R2,588 Discovery Miles 25 880 Ships in 10 - 15 working days

Gines de Rus incorporates the latest thinking on issues such as the treatment of risk and uncertainty, and the importance of institutional arrangements in ensuring the correct use of the technique. These issues are blended seamlessly into the relevant case studies, rather than treated as optional extras, as in some texts. The case studies themselves are at the centre of current debate and controversy, including the need for high-speed rail lines and the case for the privatisation of water supply. Introduction to Cost-Benefit Analysis is intended as a graduate and advanced undergraduate textbook. Nevertheless, economists and other practitioners involved in the economic evaluation of projects will also find the book extremely useful.

Lectures on Public Economics - Updated Edition (Hardcover, Revised edition): Anthony B. Atkinson, Joseph E. Stiglitz Lectures on Public Economics - Updated Edition (Hardcover, Revised edition)
Anthony B. Atkinson, Joseph E. Stiglitz; Introduction by Anthony B. Atkinson, Joseph E. Stiglitz
R1,232 R945 Discovery Miles 9 450 Save R287 (23%) Ships in 10 - 15 working days

This classic introduction to public finance remains the best advanced-level textbook on the subject ever written. First published in 1980, Lectures on Public Economics still tops reading lists at many leading universities despite the fact that the book has been out of print for years. This new edition makes it readily available again to a new generation of students and practitioners in public economics. The lectures presented here examine the behavioral responses of households and firms to tax changes. Topics include the effects of taxation on labor supply, savings, risk-taking, the firm, debt, and economic growth. The book then delves into normative questions such as the design of tax systems, optimal taxation, public sector pricing, and public goods, including local public goods. Written by two of the world's preeminent economists, this edition of Lectures on Public Economics features a new introduction by Anthony Atkinson and Joseph Stiglitz that discusses the latest developments in the field and areas for future research. * The definitive advanced-level textbook on public economics* Examines the effects of taxation on households and firms* Covers tax system design, optimal taxation, public sector pricing, and more* Includes suggestions for further reading* Additional resources available online

Public Private Partnerships in Education - New Actors and Modes of Governance in a Globalizing World (Hardcover): Susan L.... Public Private Partnerships in Education - New Actors and Modes of Governance in a Globalizing World (Hardcover)
Susan L. Robertson, Karen Mundy, Antoni Verger, Francine Menashy
R3,045 Discovery Miles 30 450 Ships in 10 - 15 working days

This insightful book brings together both academics and researchers from a variety of international organizations and aid agencies to explore the complexities of public private partnerships (PPPs) as a resurgent, hybrid mode of educational governance that operates across scales, from the community to the global. The contributors expertly study the different types of partnership arrangements and thoroughly critique the value of PPPs. Some chapters explore how PPPs, as a policy idea, have been constructed in transnational agendas for educational development and circulated globally, whilst other chapters explore the role and implications of PPPs in developing countries, providing arguments for and against an expanding reliance on PPPs in national educational systems. The theoretical framing of the book draws upon leading theories of international relations to develop a unique perspective on the global governance of education. It will prove insightful for both scholars and policymakers in public policy and education.

Historical Foundations of Globalization (Hardcover): James Foreman-Peck Historical Foundations of Globalization (Hardcover)
James Foreman-Peck
R9,525 Discovery Miles 95 250 Ships in 10 - 15 working days

This volume offers an impressive collection of scholarly papers which investigate the historical foundations of globalisation before 1945. The book explores the effects of the nineteenth century technologies of the railway, the telegraph and the steamship which promoted the globalisation process by boosting trade across frontiers and triggering migration of labour and flows of capital to the temperate areas of agriculture. The colonial empires, in particular the British Empire, facilitated the process, as the integration of capital markets and monetary systems and methods of business organization followed trade and labour. The volume also covers the time between the wars, when impediments to trade, migration and currency movements increased and led to a period of deglobalization and divergence.

Paying for Progress in China - Public Finance, Human Welfare and Changing Patterns of Inequality (Paperback): Vivienne Shue,... Paying for Progress in China - Public Finance, Human Welfare and Changing Patterns of Inequality (Paperback)
Vivienne Shue, Christine Wong
R912 R538 Discovery Miles 5 380 Save R374 (41%) Ships in 10 - 15 working days

China's stunning record of economic development since the 1970s has been marred by an increasingly obvious gap between the country's 'haves' and its 'have-nots'. While people living in some parts of the country have enjoyed dramatically improved conditions of life, those in other districts and regions have slipped ever further behind in terms of access to health, wealth, education, security and opportunity. Paying for Progress in China is a collection of essays which trace the causes of this growing inequality, using new data including surveys, interviews, newly available official statistics and in-depth fieldwork. Their findings expose the malfunctioning of China's 'broken' intergovernmental fiscal system, which has exacerbated the disequalizing effects of emerging market forces. Whilst the government's deliberately 'pro-poor' development policies have in recent years sought to reduce the gap between rich and poor, both markets, and also state institutions and policies, are continuing to create perverse equity outcomes across the country, confounding hopes for better-balanced and more inclusive growth in China. The interdisciplinary approach of this collection, incorporating work by economists, sociologists and political scientists, makes it a valuable resource for students of contemporary Chinese political economy and social development.

The Economics of Fiscal Federalism and Local Finance (Hardcover): Wallace E. Oates The Economics of Fiscal Federalism and Local Finance (Hardcover)
Wallace E. Oates
R8,469 Discovery Miles 84 690 Ships in 10 - 15 working days

This volume presents an authoritative collection of the most significant papers on fiscal federalism and local finance. In addition to some classic papers, it offers clear and insightful presentations of conventional wisdom in the field as well as recent papers which illuminate important issues and point the way to ongoing research. Topics covered include federal tax structure and the division of fiscal functions among levels of government, the effect of local taxes on economic growth, the systems of governmental grants, income redistribution, the theory and practice of local finance and fiscal decentralization in developing countries and transitional economies.

Handbook of Multilevel Finance (Hardcover): Ehtisham Ahmad, Giorgio Brosio Handbook of Multilevel Finance (Hardcover)
Ehtisham Ahmad, Giorgio Brosio
R5,620 Discovery Miles 56 200 Ships in 10 - 15 working days

This Handbook explores and explains new developments in the "second generation" theory of public finance, in which benevolent rulers and governments have been replaced by personally motivated politicians and the associated institutions. In other words, the normative approach has largely given way to a political economy approach which emphasizes the importance of institutional arrangements and information flows to ensure there are appropriate incentives and sanctions to generate good governance. Following a comprehensive introduction by the editors, the renowned contributors present fresh and original perspectives on the key multi-level issues, along with recent developments in theory and practice, as they relate to taxes, budget systems, the management of liabilities and macroeconomic stability. The book also explores special issues concerning the poor and marginalized, structural change and the environment, natural disasters, and the task of overcoming conflicts whilst keeping countries together. The Handbook is organized along three broad themes which elucidate: - the different interpretations and approaches to fiscal federalism - the design of policies and institutions that govern the working of multilevel systems - the emerging challenges to decentralized systems. The handbook seeks to provide an unparallelled review of the latest literature on the broad subject of fiscal federalism and the role of policies and institutions in creating sustainable outcomes. It will prove an indispensable guide to researchers, practitioners, and policy makers seeking informed policy options.

Effective Federalism and Local Finance (Hardcover): Ehtisham Ahmad, Giorgio Brosio Effective Federalism and Local Finance (Hardcover)
Ehtisham Ahmad, Giorgio Brosio
R14,834 Discovery Miles 148 340 Ships in 10 - 15 working days

Fiscal federalism has been the subject of much scholarly debate over the years. These volumes successfully bring together seminal articles from the past fifty years to demonstrate how the focus has evolved from 'first generation' to 'second generation' theories of intergovermental relations. The editors enhance the collection with detailed analyses of how competition affects relations between varying levels of government, and examine the hypotheses underlying the theory of fiscal federalism. This set of authoritative papers will be an indispensable reference source for scholars and practitioners in this field.

URBAN AND REGIONAL POLICY (Hardcover, UK ed.): Jon Pierre URBAN AND REGIONAL POLICY (Hardcover, UK ed.)
Jon Pierre
R7,704 Discovery Miles 77 040 Ships in 10 - 15 working days

This volume provides the most important essays and papers on urban and regional policy, making it a convenient summary of the key theories, approaches and research results. The study of sub-national politics is no longer mainly concerned with the urban political decision-making process and now focuses on the political, economic and social preconditions for urban policy. As the articles and papers reprinted in this volume demonstrate, local and regional politics are increasingly important features of most Western democracies. Economic and political life are more and more determined by changes occurring at the local, regional and global levels rather than at the national level. This volume seeks to cover the most important elements of research on local government with a particular emphasis on different approaches and theories of urban political economy. The volume covers, in turn, the study of urban politics and government, theories of local government, central-local relationships and local autonomy, local politics, the political economy of local government and regional policy.

Population Ageing, Migration and Social Expenditure (Hardcover): Jose Alvarado, John Creedy Population Ageing, Migration and Social Expenditure (Hardcover)
Jose Alvarado, John Creedy
R2,477 Discovery Miles 24 770 Ships in 10 - 15 working days

The major industrialized countries are undergoing a significant demographic transition associated with low fertility rates combined with reduced mortality rates. A major consequence of the current transition is that populations are expected to age substantially over the next forty years. This innovative book studies the effects of population ageing with the associated factor of immigration, on social expenditure and public finance. The authors begin by providing an introduction to some of the main issues concerning population ageing and migration. This is followed by a discussion of the demographic and economic aspects of the transition towards an older population which is taking place in the major industrialized countries. Within this framework the impacts of ageing on government budgets and the labour market are analysed. The book then turns to a discussion of some of the economic, social and demographic issues related to immigration. Particular emphasis is placed on the Australian economy, which provides an interesting case study in view of its high immigration levels, particularly over the last fifty years. The authors project population structure and social expenditure patterns under a variety of assumptions concerning the number and composition of immigrants. The quantitative techniques developed to produce these projections can be applied without modification to any other country. Population Ageing, Migration and Social Expenditure will be of use to academics and students with an interest in public finance, public policy and population studies.

American Default - The Untold Story of FDR, the Supreme Court, and the Battle over Gold (Paperback): Sebastian Edwards American Default - The Untold Story of FDR, the Supreme Court, and the Battle over Gold (Paperback)
Sebastian Edwards
R435 R362 Discovery Miles 3 620 Save R73 (17%) Ships in 7 - 11 working days

The untold story of how FDR did the unthinkable to save the American economy The American economy is strong in large part because nobody believes that America would ever default on its debt. Yet in 1933, Franklin D. Roosevelt did just that, when in a bid to pull the country out of depression, he depreciated the US dollar in relation to gold, effectively annulling all debt contracts. From FDR's order for Americans to sell the government all their gold holdings to the Supreme Court confrontation that threatened to finish the New Deal, American Default provides a compelling account of an economic and legal drama that embroiled a nation.

The Distributional Effects of Indirect Taxes - Models and Applications from New Zealand (Hardcover, illustrated edition): John... The Distributional Effects of Indirect Taxes - Models and Applications from New Zealand (Hardcover, illustrated edition)
John Creedy, Cath Sleeman
R2,675 Discovery Miles 26 750 Ships in 10 - 15 working days

This book develops a number of analytical models and presents empirical analyses of the equity and efficiency effects of existing indirect taxes from New Zealand. Potential tax reforms including environmental taxes are also examined and the methods presented can easily be adapted to deal with other countries. Policy debates are inevitably influenced by value judgements, which are seldom made explicit either by governments or those engaging in public discussion. By concentrating on the empirical orders of magnitude, and by examining the implications of adopting alternative value judgements, the findings of this book contribute towards rational policy debate, rather than relying on guesswork and rhetoric. The equity and efficiency effects of indirect taxes are examined in detail, using the central concepts of welfare changes, the excess burden of taxation, and money metric utility measures. The indirect taxes examined include a carbon tax designed to reduce carbon dioxide emissions. The Distributional Effects of Indirect Taxes develops widely applicable models and will therefore appeal to economists interested in public economics, tax policy, inequality measurement, welfare economics and tax modelling. Economists in government departments and international agencies interested in public finance and inequality and poverty measurement will also find much to engage them in this book, as will policymakers concerned with indirect and environmental tax policy, inequality, and welfare economics.

Political Economy and Public Finance - The Role of Political Economy in the Theory and Practice of Public Economics (Paperback,... Political Economy and Public Finance - The Role of Political Economy in the Theory and Practice of Public Economics (Paperback, New edition)
Stanley L. Winer, Hirofumi Shibata
R936 Discovery Miles 9 360 Ships in 10 - 15 working days

There is a long-standing difference amongst public economists between those who think that collective choice must be formally acknowledged, and those who derive their policy recommendations from a social planning framework in which politics plays no role. The purpose of this book is to contribute to a meaningful dialogue between these two groups, in the belief that the future of both political economy and of normative public finance lies somewhere between the two approaches. Some of the specific questions addressed in the book include: does public finance need political economy? Should collective choice play a role in the standard of reference used in normative public finance? What is a 'failure' in a non-market or policy process? And what have we learned about the theory and practice of public finance from three decades of empirical research on public choice? The book also provides a practitioner's view of the political economy of redistribution. The distinguished list of authors, many of whom are pre-eminent in their fields, includes Robin Boadway, Geoffrey Brennan, Albert Breton, Anibal Cavaco Silva, Walter Hettich, Gebhard Kirchgassner, Dennis Mueller, William Niskanen, Hirofumi Shibata, Eugene Smolensky, Heinrich Ursprung, Frans van Winden, Stanley Winer and Donald Wittman. The importance of political economy to any understanding of why public policy evolves as it does is now widely accepted by public finance scholars and practitioners. This book goes a step further by considering the role of collective choice in defining what constitutes 'good' or 'better' policy. It will be an essential companion for all scholars of public finance and political economy.

Political Economy of Public Finance in Britain, 1767-1873 (Hardcover): Takuo Dome Political Economy of Public Finance in Britain, 1767-1873 (Hardcover)
Takuo Dome
R3,174 Discovery Miles 31 740 Ships in 10 - 15 working days

The period between 1767 and 1873 shaped public finance in Britain (and, by extension, many other countries) as we know it today, with the major economists of the time providing influential contributions. Until now, no book has examined and compared the thought of these 'classical economists' from the perspective of public finance rather than that of pure theory.

This groundbreaking volume critically analyzes and compares the writings on government expenditure, taxation and public debt of thinkers such as Adam Smith, Jeremy Bentham, David Ricardo and Thomas Malthus. These key figures are united by their struggles with fiscal theory - an important feature in the formation and development of political economy.

An original and intriguing read, this book breathes fresh life into the history of economic thought. Dome's clear and exciting arguments will make for essential reading for historians of economic thought, economic historians and those with an interest in public finance.

Handbook of Fiscal Federalism (Paperback): Ehtisham Ahmad, Giorgio Brosio Handbook of Fiscal Federalism (Paperback)
Ehtisham Ahmad, Giorgio Brosio
R1,556 Discovery Miles 15 560 Ships in 10 - 15 working days

This major Handbook addresses fiscal relations between different levels of government under the general rubric of 'fiscal federalism', providing a review of the latest literature as well as an invaluable guide for practitioners and policy makers seeking informed policy options. The contributors include leading lights in the field, many of whom have themselves made seminal contributions to the literature. Comprehensive and wide in coverage, the issues covered range from federal systems to other forms of intergovernmental relations, such as supra-national constructs - namely, the European Union - unitary states, regional systems, and more decentralized operations, including community level organizations. The political economy approach emphasizes the importance of institutional arrangements, including the legal, political and administrative aspects, and information flows to ensure that there are appropriate incentives and sanctions to generate good governance. This Handbook also devotes attention to emerging issues, such as environmental protection, the sharing of natural resources among levels of government, corruption and the impact of federalism and decentralization on national unity. It will be a vital reference tool for the area for many years to come.

The Power and Independence of the Federal Reserve (Paperback): Peter Conti-Brown The Power and Independence of the Federal Reserve (Paperback)
Peter Conti-Brown; Afterword by Peter Conti-Brown
R581 R437 Discovery Miles 4 370 Save R144 (25%) Ships in 10 - 15 working days

The independence of the Federal Reserve is considered a cornerstone of its identity, crucial for keeping monetary policy decisions free of electoral politics. But do we really understand what is meant by "Federal Reserve independence"? Using scores of examples from the Fed's rich history, The Power and Independence of the Federal Reserve shows that much common wisdom about the nation's central bank is inaccurate. Legal scholar and financial historian Peter Conti-Brown provides an in-depth look at the Fed's place in government, its internal governance structure, and its relationships to such individuals and groups as the president, Congress, economists, and bankers. Exploring how the Fed regulates the global economy and handles its own internal politics, and how the law does--and does not--define the Fed's power, Conti-Brown captures and clarifies the central bank's defining complexities. He examines the foundations of the Federal Reserve Act of 1913, which established a system of central banks, and the ways that subsequent generations have redefined the organization. Challenging the notion that the Fed Chair controls the organization as an all-powerful technocrat, he explains how institutions and individuals--within and outside of government--shape Fed policy. Conti-Brown demonstrates that the evolving mission of the Fed--including systemic risk regulation, wider bank supervision, and as a guardian against inflation and deflation--requires a reevaluation of the very way the nation's central bank is structured. Investigating how the Fed influences and is influenced by ideologies, personalities, law, and history, The Power and Independence of the Federal Reserve offers a uniquely clear and timely picture of one of the most important institutions in the United States and the world.

Fiscal Reforms in the Middle East - VAT in the Gulf Cooperation Council (Hardcover): Ehtisham Ahmad, Abdulrazak Al Faris Fiscal Reforms in the Middle East - VAT in the Gulf Cooperation Council (Hardcover)
Ehtisham Ahmad, Abdulrazak Al Faris
R3,189 Discovery Miles 31 890 Ships in 10 - 15 working days

This insightful book focuses on the role of fiscal policy in common markets, especially in the context of the supranational constructs in the Gulf Cooperation Council, comprising Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, Bahrain, Qatar, the United Arab Emirates and Oman. It draws on the experience of the EU and the importance of VAT, and reflects on the other main common market in Central America. Although oil windfalls have opened a window of opportunity for the Gulf States, at the same time they have created numerous problems. In particular, the uncertainty associated with periods of boom and bust in the oil market has made the formulation and implementation of sound fiscal policies a formidable task. In this study, the distinguished authors present the background to current fiscal reforms and address the critical challenges facing the Gulf States including the choice between consumption and saving (or current needs and future requirements); intra-generational equity issues; the pro-cyclicality of fiscal policy; fiscal sustainability and the prudent management of revenues from finite oil reserves. They examine the case for VAT to substantially replace customs duties, a significant source of non-oil revenue which would be lost as a result of free trade agreements between the GCC and key trading partners. They also demonstrate how an agreed design for VAT would assist in furthering economic integration, and enhance trade and exports. If properly sequenced, VAT would have a negligible impact on both inflation and the poor, and would be progressive in relation to the customs duties replaced. This highly topical book will be of great interest to academics specializing in public sector economics and public finance, and to national and international policymakers involved in fiscal reform.

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