Your cart is empty
This book is an analysis of an Iranian philosopher's engagement with a British philosopher. The author compares the ideas of these philosophers within the context of European and Iranian intellectual traditions. This is the first book of its kind, as no one has yet looked at Allama Jafari's thought in relation to Sir Bertrand Russell's. East and West will be a useful work for anyone who is interested in comparative philosophical and sociological studies.
The volume is inspired by Gilles Deleuze's philosophical project, which builds on the critique of European Humanism and opens up inspiring new perspectives for the renewal of the field. The book gathers leading scholars in the field of Deleuze, while also bringing together scholars from Europe and North America (the West), as well from Asia (the East), in order to create a lively academic debate, and contribute to the growth and expansion of the field. it provides both critical and creative insights into some key issues in contemporary social and political thought. More specifically, the volume hopes to start a critical evaluation of the reception and creative adaptation of Deleuze and of other Continental philosophers in the Austral-Asian region, with special focus on China.
Reflections on the Religious, the Ethical, and the Political presents fourteen essays devoted to the interconnected topics of religion, ethics, and politics, along with an introductory interview with the author regarding his philosophical development over the years. This volume serves two interconnected purposes: as an introduction or reintroduction to Professor Schrag's intellectual contributions to a critical consideration of these three topics, and as a critical companion and supplement to Schrag's published work on these topics, starting with Existence and Freedom (1961), working all the way through to Doing Philosophy with Others (2010). The topics of religion, ethics, and politics have served as pivot points throughout Schrag's career in the academy, which spans half a century. Part One, Religion and the Post-Secular Turn in Continental Philosophy, includes contributions to the traditions of philosophical discussion regarding matters of ontology, religious epistemology, existentialism, transcendence, and the problem of evil, all informed by the myriad resources of twentieth-century philosophy.Part Two, Transvaluation of the Ethical and the Political, considers topics of moral experience, interpersonal alterity, cross-cultural dialogue, and postnational identity, all against the backdrop of a radicalized understanding of the gift. Throughout, this volume gives voice to a distinctive Schragean philosophy of religion, morality, and political praxis. This approach is heavily rooted in a critical dialogue with all relevant modes of philosophical and theological discourse, including phenomenology, existentialism, hermeneutics, critical social theory, postmodernism, deconstruction, and postsecular philosophy of religion. In conversation with the post/modern and deconstructive approaches that held sway during the second half of the twentieth century, Schrag charts a transversal path that reenergizes the philosophy of the human subject in its religious, ethical, and political dimensions.
The first philosophers of the Frankfurt School famously turned to the psychoanalytic theories of Sigmund Freud to supplement their Marxist analyses of ideological subjectification. Since the collapse of their proposed "marriage of Marx and Freud," psychology and social theory have grown apart to the impoverishment of both. Returning to this union, Benjamin Y. Fong reconstructs the psychoanalytic "foundation stone" of critical theory in an effort to once again think together the possibility of psychic and social transformation. Drawing on the work of Hans Loewald and Jacques Lacan, Fong complicates the famous antagonism between Eros and the death drive in reference to a third term: the woefully undertheorized drive to mastery. Rejuvenating Freudian metapsychology through the lens of this pivotal concept, he then provides fresh perspective on Theodor Adorno, Max Horkheimer, and Herbert Marcuse's critiques of psychic life under the influence of modern cultural and technological change. The result is a novel vision of critical theory that rearticulates the nature of subjection in late capitalism and renews an old project of resistance.
The conviction that we all have, possess or inhabit a discrete culture, and have done so for centuries, is one of the more dominant default assumptions of our contemporary politico-intellectual moment. However, the concept of culture as a signifier of subjectivity only entered the modern Anglo-U.S. episteme in the late nineteenth century. Culture and Eurocentrism seeks to account for the term's relatively recent emergence and movement through the episteme, networked with many other concepts - nature, race, society, imagination, savage, and civilization- at the confluence of several disciplines. Culture, it contends, doesn't describe difference but produces it, hierarchically. In so doing, it seeks to recharge postcoloniality, the critique of eurocentrism.
Our contemporary world presents a seemingly inexplicable paradox. It is a world where interaction among societies of different cultural traditions has never been easier. A world in which modern technology has visibly overcome the physical barriers that had long condemned the majority of men to relative isolation from one another. Yet, our world is also one in which the illusion of a lost "original" cultural or religious identity, grounded by a metaphysical absolute, pits men against one another. A physically more accessible world has thus become an increasingly fundamentalist one. In this book, written in the wake of such influential European thinkers as Nietzsche, Heidegger, Foucault, Derrida, and Vattimo, Simon Oliai analyzes the conceptual underpinnings of this paradox and argues that, unless the "European" affirmation of man's finite existence becomes universal, we shall never rid ourselves, to echo Nietzsche, of the repressive shadow of a long dead metaphysical idol.
In 1949 Simone de Beauvoir asked, "What does it mean to be a woman?" Her answer to that question inaugurated a radical transformation of the meaning of "woman" that defined the direction of subsequent feminist theory. What Beauvoir discovered is that it is impossible to define "woman" as an equal human being in our philosophical and political tradition. Her effort to redefine "woman" outside these parameters set feminist theory on a path of radical transformation. The feminist theorists who wrote in the wake of Beauvoir's work followed that path. Susan Hekman's original and highly engaging new book traces the evolution of "woman" from Beauvoir to the present. In a comprehensive synthesis of a number of feminist theorists she covers French feminist thinkers Luce Irigaray and Helene Cixous as well as theorists such as Carol Gilligan, Carole Pateman and Judith Butler. The book examines the relational self, feminist liberalism and Marxism, as well as feminist theories of race and ethnicity, radical feminism, postmodern feminism and material feminism. Hekman argues that the effort to redefine "woman" in the course of feminist theory is a cumulative process in which each approach builds on that which has gone before. Although they have approached "woman" from different perspectives, feminist theorists has moved beyond the negative definition of our tradition to a new concept that continues to evolve. The Feminine Subject is a remarkably succinct yet wide-ranging analysis which will appeal to all feminist scholars and students as well as anyone interested in the changing nature of feminism since the 1950s.
Henri Meschonnic was a linguist, poet, translator of the Bible and one of the most original French thinkers of his generation. He strove throughout his career to reform the understanding of language and all that depends on it. His work has had a shaping influence on a generation of scholars and here, for the first time, a selection of these are made available in English for a new generation of linguists and philosophers of language. This Reader, featuring sixteen texts covering the core concepts and topics of Meschonnic's theory, will enrich, enhance and challenge your understanding of language. It explores his key ideas on poetics, the poem, rhythm, discourse and his critique of the sign. Meschonnic's vast oeuvre was continuously preoccupied with the question of a poetics of society; he constantly connected the theory of language to its practice in various fields and interrogated what that means for society. In exploring this fundamental question, this book is central to the study and philosophy of language, with rich repercussions in fields such as translation studies, poetics and literary studies, and in redefining notions such as rhythm, modernity, the poem and the subject.
This book comprises material on colour which was written by Wittgenstein in the last eighteen months of his life. It is one of the few documents which shows him concentratedly at work on a single philosophical issue. The principal theme is the features of different colours, of different kinds of colour (metallic colour, the colours of flames, etc.) and of luminosity--a theme which Wittgenstein treats in such a way as to destroy the traditional idea that colour is a simple and logically uniform kind of thing.
Fictional character is an ontologically ambivalent category - at once a formal construct and a quasi-person - which lies at the heart of the life of textual fictions of all kinds. Character and Person explores that ambivalence by investigating not only the kinds of thing that character is but how it works to engage readers and the range of typologies through which it has been constructed in very different periods, media, and genres. John Frow seeks to explore the ways in which character is person-like, and through that the question of what it means to be a social person. His focus is thus on the interaction between its two major categories, and its method involves a constant play back and forth between them: from philosophical theories of face to an account of the mask in the New Comedy; from an exploration of medieval beliefs about the body's existence in the afterlife to a reading of Dante's Purgatorio; from the history of humoral medicine to the figure of the melancholic in Jacobean drama; and from Proust and Pessoa to cognitive science. What develops from this methodological commitment to fusing the categories of character and person is an extended analysis of the schemata that underpin each of them in their distinct but mutually constitutive spheres of operation.
Unhoused: Adorno and the Problem of Dwelling is the first book-length study of Theodor Adorno as a philosopher of housing. Treating his own experience of exile as emblematic of late modern life, Adorno observed that twentieth-century dwelling had been rendered "impossible" by nativism, by the decimations of war, and, in the postwar period, by housing's increasingly thorough assimilation into private property. Adorno's position on the meaning and prospects for adequate dwelling-a concept he never wrote about systematically but nevertheless returned to frequently-was not that some invulnerable state of home or dwelling should be revived. Rather, Adorno believed that the only responsible approach to housing was to cultivate an ethic of displacement, to learn "how not to be at home in one's home." Unhoused tracks four figurations of troubled dwelling in Adorno's texts-homelessness, no man's lands, the nature theater, and the ironic property relation-and reads them as timely interventions and challenges for today's architecture, housing, and senses of belonging. Entangled as we are in juridical and financial frameworks that adhere to a very different logic, these figurations ask what it means to organize, design, build, and cohabit in ways that enliven non-exclusive relations to ourselves, others, objects, and place.
Rousseau's opposition to the theater is well known: Far from purging the passions, it serves only to exacerbate them, and to render them hypocritical. But is it possible that Rousseau's texts reveal a different conception of theatrical imitation, a more originary form of mimesis? Over and against Heidegger's dismissal of Rousseau in the 1930s, and in the wake of classic readings by Jacques Derrida and Jean Starobinski, Lacoue-Labarthe asserts the deeply philosophical importance of Rousseau as a thinker who, without formalizing it as such, established a dialectical logic that would determine the future of philosophy: an originary theatricality arising from a dialectic between "nature" and its supplements. Beginning with a reading of Rousseau's Discourse on Inequality, Lacoue-Labarthe brings out this dialectic in properly philosophical terms, revealing nothing less than a transcendental thinking of origins. For Rousseau, the origin has the form of a "scene"-that is, of theater. On this basis, Rousseau's texts on the theater, especially the Letter to d'Alembert, emerge as an incisive interrogation of Aristotle's Poetics. This can be read not in the false and conventional interpretation of this text that Rousseau had inherited, but rather in relation to its fundamental concepts, mimesis and katharsis, and in Rousseau's interpretation of Greek theater itself. If for Rousseau mimesis is originary, a transcendental structure, katharsis is in turn the basis of a dialectical movement, an Aufhebung that will translate the word itself (for, as Lacoue-Labarthe reminds us, Aufheben translates katharein). By reversing the facilities of the Platonic critique, Rousseau inaugurates what we could call the philosophical theater of the future.
Monika Kaup pairs post-apocalyptic novels by Margaret Atwood, Jose Saramago, Octavia Butler and Cormac McCarthy with new realist theories from Bruno Latour, Humberto Maturana, Francisco Varela, Markus Gabriel, Jean-Luc Marion and Alphonso Lingis.
The definitive refutation to the argument of The Bell Curve.
When published in 1981, The Mismeasure of Man was immediately hailed as a masterwork, the ringing answer to those who would classify people, rank them according to their supposed genetic gifts and limits.
Yet the idea of biology as destiny dies hard, as witness the attention devoted to The Bell Curve, whose arguments are here so effectively anticipated and thoroughly undermined. In this edition, Stephen Jay Gould has written a substantial new introduction telling how and why he wrote the book and tracing the subsequent history of the controversy on innateness right through The Bell Curve. Further, he has added five essays on questions of The Bell Curve in particular and on race, racism, and biological determinism in general. These additions strengthen the book's claim to be, as Leo J. Kamin of Princeton University has said, "a major contribution toward deflating pseudo-biological 'explanations' of our present social woes."
"A rare book-at once of great importance and wonderful to read."—Saturday Review
This book explores rhythmanalysis as a philosophy and as a research method for the study of cultural historical experiences. It formulates 'rhythm' as a critical concept which is defined in dialogic relationships to intellectual traditions, yet introducing unique philosophical positions that serve to re-think ways of conceiving and addressing cultural political issues. Engaging with the notion of 'conjunctural shift', which for Stuart Hall captures the ruptured social landscape of Britain in the 1970s, the book then puts the method of rhythmanalysis to work by testifying the changing cultural experiences in rhythmic terms. This particular rhythmanalytical project instantiates while opening up ways of using rhythmanalysis for exploring cultural historical experiences.
Neil Gascoigne provides the first comprehensive introduction
Richard Rorty's work. He demonstrates to the general reader and to
the student of philosophy alike how the radical views on truth,
objectivity and rationality expressed in Rorty's widely-read essays
on contemporary culture and politics derive from his earliest work
in the philosophy of mind and language. He avoids the partisanship
that characterizes much discussion of Rorty's work whilst providing
a critical account of some of the dominant concerns of contemporary
A fresh look at the influential French philosopher which argues that Derrida cannot be fully understood without considering the Jewish dimension of his thought and offers a dramatic reappraisal of his work.
Until now, no critical work has touched on the Jewish dimension in Jacques Derrida's philosophical oeuvre. Ofrat notes that early Derridean works contained few, if any, references to Jewish writers, concepts, or issues. At first glance, Judaism itself, along with all other structures found in traditional Western metaphysics, would appear to have no place in Derrida's thought, but Ofrat argues that "Derrida cannot be thoroughly understood without elucidating the Jewish current running through his philosophy, right down to the scar of his circumcision". A French-Algerian Jew, Derrida broke free of the Jewish consciousness and culture of his childhood -- but taught that leaving something is a precondition for recognizing its significance. Ofrat suggests that Derrida's philosophy grew from these early influences and the fragments of his Jewish identity, and he offers a comprehensive reading of Derridean writings and strong grounding in Jewish tradition. By approaching Derrida's philosophical, poetic, and artistic themes through a Jewish lens, Ofrat gives a sophisticated, subtle, entirely fresh reading of one of the most influential thinkers of the twentieth century.
'Foucault leaves no reader untouched or unchanged' Edward Said Aesthetics, the second volume of the complete collection of Michel Foucault's courses, articles and interviews, focuses on the philosophy, literature and art which informed his engagement with ethics and power, including brilliant commentaries on the work of de Sade, Rousseau, Marx, Magritte, Nietzsche, Freud and Wagner. He also explores a number of avant-garde authors who challenge our traditional notions of humanism, extends his theories on power relations and looks back over the whole of his extraordinary 'critical history of thought'. Edited by James D. Faubion Translated by Robert Hurley and Others
A monograph by the Chinese academia expounding on basic opinions of Marxist philosophy, evealing the ignored or forgotten views by the classical textbook system of Marxist philosophy and ystematically demonstrating the opinions that Marx has ever expounded but not sufficiently developed with the view of practical philosophy; meanwhile coinciding with major contemporary issues in order to upgrade them into the basic opinions of Marxist philosophy and highlighting the modernity and contemporary significance of Marxist philosophy and comparison with postmodern thought. Focusing on the studies of the basic features and opinions of Marxist philosophy, the first part puts Marxist philosophy into the grand theoretical backgrounds of history of western philosophy and modern western philosophy, including postmodernism, to explore anew its theme, system features and contemporary significance. Part Two reinvestigates the historical process and thinking logic of Marx in founding historical materialism, explores the evolution of the ontology of Marxist philosophy after Marx, and analyzes, from Marx's point of view, the western philosophy of history, methods of western social science, postmodernism, post-colonialism, and the thought changes of Husserl and Derrida, with a view to highlighting the contemporary significance of Marxist philosophy.
While the fiction of novelist-philosopher Ayn Rand is extremely popular and enduring, little has been written on it so far. This book consists of essays, most of which are new, by top Rand scholars on Atlas Shrugged, her magnum opus. The essays deal with historical, literary, and philosophical topics, surpassing related writings in breadth and depth of analysis. The historical essays cover the writing of Atlas Shrugged, its publication history, and its reception. The literary essays cover analysis of the novel's plot, theme, and characterization; comparisons with other works, such as the novels of Hugo, Dostoyevsky, and Joyce; and the proper approach to adapting Atlas Shrugged to film. The philosophical essays cover a vast range of topics, including the place of Galt's speech in the novel, the role of the mind in human life, and the evil of non-objective law. Some of the essays make use of previously unpublished material from the Ayn Rand Archives.
A rare collection of Rosenzweig's influential work on literary figures, publishers, and music, including Viktor von Weizsacker's 1930 essay. A Commemorating Writing.
Published here in English for the first time, these essays offer a glimpse into the cultural and social dimensions of Franz Rosenzweig's thought -- an aspect of his philosophy that has too often been ignored by an overemphasis on his status as a religious thinker.
Barbara E. Gaili provides a broader context for Rosenzweig's concepts, especially his orientation in the modern world and concerns regarding modernity and technological developments. Galli's overriding theme of Rosenzweig and the modern world bridges his philosophical perspective on pagans, Christians, and Jews with his views of Moses, Mendelssohn, the cultural significance of Lessing, the writing of Stefan George, and even the modern phenomenon of the concert hall as recorded on the phonograph.
As Galli explicates Rosenzweig's cultural musings, devotees of Rosenzweig will find new and refreshing approaches to his philosophical writings.
This book gives the first complete, fully historicized account of Emerson's metaphysics of cause and effect and its foundational position in his philosophy as a whole. Urbas tells the story of the making of a metaphysician and in so doing breaks with the postmodern, anti-metaphysical readings that have dominated Emerson scholarship since his philosophical rehabilitation began in late 1970s. This is an intellectual biography of Emerson the metaphysician but also a chapter in the cultural life-story of a concept synonymous, in the Transcendentalist period, with life itself, the story of the principle at the origin of all being and change. Emerson's Metaphysics proposes an account of Emerson's metaphysical thought as it unfolds in his writings, as it informs his philosophy as a whole, and as it reflects the intellectual and religious culture in which he lived and moved and had his being. This book will be of interest to philosophers, literary scholars, and students of English, philosophy, and intellectual and religious history who are interested in Emerson and the American Transcendentalist movement.
You may like...
The Works of George Berkeley
George Berkeley Paperback R556 Discovery Miles 5 560
Illustrations of Universal Progress - a…
Herbert Spencer Paperback R554 Discovery Miles 5 540
The True Intellectual System of the…
Ralph Cudworth Paperback R653 Discovery Miles 6 530
Essays on the Spirit of the Inductive…
Baden Powell Paperback R588 Discovery Miles 5 880
Imperium - Structures and Affects of…
Frederic Lordon Paperback
The Novum Organon, - or a True Guide to…
Francis Bacon Paperback R491 Discovery Miles 4 910
On Consolation - Finding Solace in Dark…
Michael Ignatieff Hardcover
Illustrations of Universal Progress - a…
Herbert Spencer Paperback R556 Discovery Miles 5 560
The True Intellectual System of the…
Ralph Cudworth Paperback R682 Discovery Miles 6 820
A Philosopher Looks at Architecture
Paul Guyer Paperback