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The intense piety of late T'ang essays on Buddhism by literati has helped earn the T'ang its title of the "golden age of Chinese Buddhism." In contrast, the Sung is often seen as an age in which the literati distanced themselves from Buddhism. This study of Sung devotional texts shows, however, that many literati participated in intra-Buddhist debates. Others were drawn to Buddhism because of its power, which found expression and reinforcement in its ties with the state. For some, monasteries were extravagant houses of worship that reflected the corruption of the age; for others, the sacrifice and industry demanded by such projects were exemplars worthy of emulation. Finally, Buddhist temples could evoke highly personal feelings of filial piety and nostalgia.
This book demonstrates that representations of Buddhism by lay people underwent a major change during the T'ang-Sung transition. These changes built on basic transformations within the Buddhist and classicist traditions and sometimes resulted in the use of Buddhism and Buddhist temples as frames of reference to evaluate aspects of lay society. Buddhism, far from being pushed to the margins of Chinese culture, became even more a part of everyday elite Chinese life.
This text features step-by-step lessons in building the skills needed to engage in Tibetan Buddhist philosophical debate and that have proved successful in the college classroom.
"The Work of Kings" is a stunning new look at the turbulent modern
history and sociology of the Sri Lankan Buddhist Monkhood and its
effects upon contemporary society. Using never-before translated
Sinhalese documents and extensive interviews with monks, Sri Lankan
anthropologist H.L. Seneviratne unravels the inner workings of this
New Buddhism and the ideology on which it is based.
Socially Engaged Buddhism is an introduction to the contemporary movement of Buddhists, East and West, who actively engage with the problems of the world - social, political, economic, and environmental - on the basis of Buddhist ideas, values, and spirituality. Sallie B. King, one of North America's foremost experts on the subject, identifies in accessible language the philosophical and ethical thinking behind the movement and examines how key principles such as karma, the Four Noble Truths, interdependence, nonharmfulness, and nonjudgmentalism relate to social engagement. Many people believe that Buddhists focus exclusively on spiritual attainment. Professor King examines why Engaged Buddhists involve themselves with the problems of the world and how they reconcile this involvement with the Buddhist teaching of nonattachment from worldly things. Engaged Buddhists, she answers, point out that because the root of human suffering is in the mind, not the world, the pursuit of enlightenment does not require a turning away from the world. Working to reduce suffering in humans, living things, and the planet is integral to spiritual practice and leads to selflessness and compassion. ""Socially Engaged Buddhism"" is a sustained reflection on social action as a form of spirituality expressed in acts of compassion, grassroots empowerment, nonjudgmentalism, and nonviolence. It offers an inspiring example of how one might work for solutions to the troubles that threaten the peace and well-being of our planet and its people.
The Return of the Buddha traces the development of Buddhist archaeology in colonial India, examines its impact on the reconstruction of India's Buddhist past, and the making of a public and academic discourse around these archaeological discoveries. The book discusses the role of the state and modern Buddhist institutions in the reconstitution of national heritage through promulgation of laws for the protection of Buddhist monuments, acquiring of land around the sites, restoration of edifices, and organization of the display and dissemination of relics. It also highlights the engagement of prominent Indian figures, such as Nehru, Gandhi, Ambedkar, and Tagore, with Buddhist themes in their writings. Stressing upon the lasting legacy of Buddhism in independent India, the author explores the use of Buddhist symbols and imagery in nation-building and the making of the constitution, as also the recent efforts to resurrect Buddhist centers of learning such as Nalanda. With rich archival sources, the book will immensely interest scholars, researchers and students of modern Indian history, culture, archaeology, Buddhist studies, and heritage management.
We tend to think that the Buddha has always been seen as the compassionate sage admired around the world today, but until the nineteenth century, Europeans often regarded him as a nefarious figure, an idol worshipped by the pagans of the Orient. Donald S. Lopez Jr. offers here a rich sourcebook of European fantasies about the Buddha drawn from the works of dozens of authors over fifteen hundred years, including Clement of Alexandria, Marco Polo, St. Francis Xavier, Voltaire, and Sir William Jones. Featuring writings by soldiers, adventurers, merchants, missionaries, theologians, and colonial officers, this volume contains a wide range of portraits of the Buddha. The descriptions are rarely flattering, as all manner of reports some accurate, some inaccurate, and some garbled came to circulate among European savants and eccentrics, many of whom were famous in their day but are long forgotten in ours. Taken together, these accounts present a fascinating picture, not only of the Buddha as he was understood and misunderstood for centuries, but also of his portrayers.
Beginning with Buddha's life story, this compelling guide
reveals how Buddha's
Though contemporary European philosophy and critical theory have long had a robust engagement with Christianity, there has been no similar engagement with Buddhism-a surprising lack, given Buddhism's global reach and obvious affinities with much of Continental philosophy. This volume fills that gap, bringing together three scholars to offer individual, distinct, yet complementary philosophical takes on Buddhism. Focused on "nothing"-essential to Buddhism, of course, but also a key concept in critical theory from Hegel and Marx through deconstruction, queer theory, and contemporary speculative philosophy-the book explores different ways of rethinking Buddhism's nothing. Through an elaboration of "sunyata," or emptiness, in both critical and Buddhist traditions; an examination of the problem of praxis in Buddhism, Marxism, and psychoanalysis; and an explication of a "Buddaphobia" that is rooted in modern anxieties about nothingness, Marcus Boon, Eric Cazdyn, and Timothy Morton open up new spaces in which the radical cores of Buddhism and critical theory are renewed and revealed.
The perfect book for readers who are interested in Taoism and want
a little daily inspiration.
The reader's regular perusal, and intelligent contemplation of the spiritual 'Plums' that are strewn about in these books, promises to help the spiritualising process in all serious students of esoteric lore, as well as all seekers of God, to become ever more firmly rooted (mind and heart) in the Divine.
The Anguttara arranges the Buddha's discourses in accordance with a numerical scheme, intended to promote retention and easy comprehension. In an age when writing was still in its infancy, this proved to be the most effective way to ensure that the disciples could grasp and replicate the structure of a teaching.
Full of humour and hidden truths about life's incessant surprises, this book appears to be the first, albeit mayhaps, a yet awkward attempt at the creation of an authentically occidental approach to koan lore. Nevertheless, it does offer a rather non-rational approach to life, and does present a paradoxical perspective to an altogether sometimes, too apparent reality.
Combining high-quality production with magnificent fine art, this luxurious week-to-view pocket diary has a foil and embossed cover with magnetic closure. Featuring on its cover a serene statue of the spiritual leader Buddha, this diary makes a perfect gift or a special treat just for you.
Since the earliest days of human history, and in all cultures, religion and art have always complemented one another. But the intellectual and spiritual dimension of this interaction has all too often been taken for granted and is never properly explored. Rarely has the dialogue between religion and art been better examined than in this book. In their profound and moving conversations, philosopher of aesthetics Rene Huyghe and Buddhist leader Daisaki Ikeda compare modes of thought from the opposite ends of the earth: from traditions, cultures and religions as different from each other as can be. Their guiding theme is the rediscovery of a common humanity through the artistic intuition and religious impulse shared by all peoples. The Dialogue ranges widely, analysing the contemporary predicament from twin perspectives of beauty and the divine. Huyghe and Ikeda look to active solutions to this predicament - at the key to harmony in life, and at the means of reforming our inner lives. Discussing artistic creativity, its spiritual value, and the differing arts of East and West, the interlocutors conclude by evaluating the crucial role played by religion in helping humanity come to terms with the mysteries and challenges of the unknown.
The Pureland schools are the largest Buddhist denominations in Japan, and yet this approach to Buddhism is hardly known in the West. Pureland centres on our relationship with Amida Buddha, the embodiment of measureless love, light and life. It offers a fresh view of spirituality, recognizing us in our mundane lives, whilst lifting us into relationship with the eternal. As ordinary people, we cannot fathom our own depths nor can we know the immensity of the universe. We can but stand in awe and reach out to what we intuitively know to be beyond the small orbit of our lives. Pureland is a path of simplicity and beauty, poetry and nature. It is the path of faith.
Fueled by the music of revolution, anger, fear, and despair, we dyed our hair or shaved our heads ... Eating acid like it was candy and chasing speed with cheap vodka, smoking truckloads of weed, all in a vain attempt to get numb and stay numb.
This is the story of a young man and a generation of angry youths who rebelled against their parents and the unfulfilled promise of the sixties. As with many self-destructive kids, Noah Levine's search for meaning led him first to punk rock, drugs, drinking, and dissatisfaction. But the search didn't end there. Having clearly seen the uselessness of drugs and violence, Noah looked for positive ways to channel his rebellion against what he saw as the lies of society. Fueled by his anger at so much injustice and suffering, Levine now uses that energy and the practice of Buddhism to awaken his natural wisdom and compassion.
While Levine comes to embrace the same spiritual tradition as his father, bestselling author Stephen Levine, he finds his most authentic expression in connecting the seemingly opposed worlds of punk and Buddhism. As Noah Levine delved deeper into Buddhism, he chose not to reject the punk scene, instead integrating the two worlds as a catalyst for transformation. Ultimately, this is an inspiring story about maturing, and how a hostile and lost generation is finally finding its footing. This provocative report takes us deep inside the punk scene and moves from anger, rebellion, and self-destruction, to health, service to others, and genuine spiritual growth.
This second volume of the five-volume commentary by the renowned Buddhist scholar Geshe Lhundub Sopa focuses on the key Buddhist concepts of karma, or cause and effect, and dependent origination. Considered one of the finest living Buddhist scholars, Geshe Sopa provides commentaries essential for anyone interested in a sound understanding of Tibetan Buddhist practice and philosophy. Never has a book gone into such clear detail on karma and dependent origination--concepts which, despite many references in contemporary culture, are too often misunderstood. Here, Geshe Sopa starts from the beginning with a faithful reading of the "Lamrim Chenmo" and, in the end, leaves readers with the proper tools for incorporating core Buddhist concepts into their study, teaching, and practice.
In this book Thich Nhat Hanh, the renowned Zen monk, author, and meditation master, distills the essence of Buddhist thought and practice, emphasizing the power of mindfulness to transform our lives. "Mindfulness is not an evasion or an escape," he explains. "It means being here, present, and totally alive. It is true freedom--and without this freedom, there is no happiness."
Based on a retreat that Thich Nhat Hanh led for Westerners, this book offers a range of simple, effective practices for cultivating mindfulness, including awareness of breathing and walking, deep listening, and skillful speech. "You Are Here" also offers guidance on healing emotional pain and manifesting real love and compassion in our relationships with others.
The ideology and institution of any religion cannot be separated from its historical context. It forms and social functions are inherently tied to space and time in each society. To understand a religious tradition we have to explore the relationship of exchange between religion and society or the forms of cultural and social entity. The study aims to search for the Buddhist tradition in ancient India and Korea. Starting with an examination of the behaviour patterns socially acquired and transmitted, the study further explores the relationship between the Buddhist tradition and the socio-economic structures in the two countries. This work is based mainly on literary sources ranging from early Buddhist texts like Nikayas and Dhammapada to tantric texts. Valuable information with regard to the Buddhism in early Korean society and Indo-Korean contacts comes from the Samgukyusa in which the narrative is more and more transformed into myth and legend. The time span of this book is from the sixty century B.C. to about fifth or sixth century A.D. in India and from the first century to around ninth century A.D. in the Korean context. The study would be found useful by those studying ancient India, ancient Korea, transformation of Buddhism, Buddhist mechanism for worldly matters and cultural contacts between India and Korea in the early times.
Associated with the promotion of world peace, the Kalachakra -- or "Wheel of Time" -- tantra is one of the most detailed and encompassing systems of theory and practice within Tibetan Buddhism. "Kalachakra Tantra" contains a complete translation of the Kalachakra initiation ritual as conferred by His Holiness the Dalai Lama in Toronto in April 2004, along with his commentary, and a comprehensive introduction by Professor Jeffrey Hopkins that explores the Kalachakra's rich symbolism, meaning, and history. The book also includes the Six-Session Yoga.
Vajrayogini is a tantric goddess from the highest class of Buddhist
tantras who manifests the ultimate development of wisdom and
compassion. Her practice is prevalent today among practitioners of
Tibetan Buddhism. This ground-breaking book delves into the origins
of Vajrayogini, charting her evolution in India and examining her
roots in the Cakrasamvara tantra and in Indian tradition relating
Robert Thurman asks us to examine our assumptions about life and death, and to consider the possibility that our lives are not only meaningful, but that they have an enormous impact. He asks the reader to consider that if we have an infinite future and past, and we are evolving over infinite time then every action in our lives has infinite consequences for ourselves and others. Every choice we make has an eternal impact. We must live with this immortality now, by taking responsibility in the present for our actions and their effects. Balanced against this responsibility is the opportunity for a life of infinite joy, of infinite connection with others and the infinite power to do good. Following the teachings of the Buddha, Infinite Life introduces seven Buddhist virtues for cultivating the positive in our lives. Robert Thurman teaches the reader to let go of a rigid sense of 'self' and to fully experience full satisfaction with ourselves, the people who surround us and contribute meaningfully to the world. In Infinite Life Robert Thurman turns Buddhist teachings into a fascinating new way of thinking, living and meditating that might do more to save the world than any political act, empowering those who wish to use their spirituality to create change.
The Indian Buddhist philosopher Vasubandhu (fourth--fifth century C.E.) is known for his critical contribution to Buddhist Abhidharma thought, his turn to the Mahayana tradition, and his concise, influential Yogacara-Vij?anavada texts. "Paving the Great Way" reveals another dimension of his legacy: his integration of several seemingly incompatible intellectual and scriptural traditions, with far-ranging consequences for the development of Buddhist epistemology and the theorization of tantra.
Most scholars read Vasubandhu's texts in isolation and separate his intellectual development into distinct phases. Featuring close studies of Vasubandhu's "Abhidharmakosabhasya," "Vyakhyayukti," "Vimsatika," and "Trisvabhavanirdesa," among other works, this book identifies recurrent treatments of causality and scriptural interpretation that unify distinct strands of thought under a single, coherent Buddhist philosophy. In Vasubandhu's hands, the Buddha's rejection of the self as a false construction provides a framework through which to clarify problematic philosophical issues, such as the nature of moral agency and subjectivity under a broadly causal worldview. Recognizing this continuity of purpose across Vasubandhu's diverse corpus recasts the interests of the philosopher and his truly innovative vision, which influenced Buddhist thought for a millennium and continues to resonate with today's philosophical issues. An appendix includes extensive English-language translations of the major texts discussed.
This Volume is a collection of two titles. The Essentials of the Vinaya Tradition is a detailed account of the history and teaching of the Japanese Risshu school organized in a series of questions and answers on the precepts of morality, meditation, and wisdom. The Collected Teachings of the Tendai Lotus School introduces the doctrine and practice of this Buddhist school in the form of a catechism. It is divided into two sections, one on doctrine, and one on practice. The section on doctrine contains a discussion of the Four Teachings, the Five Flavors, the One Vehicle, the Ten Suchlikes, Twelvefold Conditioned Co-arising, and the Two Truths. The section on practice discusses the Four Samadhis and the Three Categories of Delusions.
Freedom from suffering is not only possible, but the means for achieving it are literally as near to us as our own breath. This is the 2,500-year-old good news contained in the Anapanasati Sutra, the Buddha's own teaching on cultivating both tranquility and deep insight through the full awareness of breathing. Larry Rosenberg brings this timeless meditation method to life for people today, using the insights gained from his many years of practice and teaching. He shows how the practice of breath awareness is quietly, profoundly transformative--and also supremely practical: if you're breathing, you've already got everything you need to start.
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