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Pronunciation governs our regional and social identity more powerfully than any other aspect of spoken language. No wonder, then, that it has attracted most attention from satirists. In this intriguing book, David Crystal shows how our feelings about pronunciation today have their origins in the way our Victorian predecessors thought about the subject, as revealed in the pages of the satirical magazine, Punch. In the sixty years between its first issue in 1841 and the death of Queen Victoria in 1901, jokes about the fashions affecting English usage provide one of Punch's most fruitful veins of humour, from the dropped aitches of the Cockney accent to the upper-class habit of dropping the final `g' (huntin' and fishin'). For 'We Are Not Amused', David Crystal has examined all the issues during the reign of Queen Victoria and brought together the cartoons and articles that poked fun at the subject of pronunciation, adding a commentary on the context of the times, explaining why people felt so strongly about accents, and identifying which accents were the main source of jokes. The collection brings to light a society where class distinction ruled, and where the way you pronounced a word was seen as a sometimes damning index of who you were and how you should be treated. It is a fascinating, provocative and highly entertaining insight into our on-going amusement at the subject of how we speak.
'Slip of The Tongue' explores a wide range of topics in linguistics through reflecting on the author's life and surroundings. Katie Haegele makes sense of the world around her by looking at the ways we use language: to communicate, to make art and simply to survive. She takes us through her life by describing her family's rich linguistic history and her own coming of age as a feminist and an artist, and introduces us to her hometown of Philadelphia, a city lively with graffiti, poetry and the remnants of its colonial heritage.
Created by a 'student-tested, faculty-approved' review process with students, "Comp:Write" is an engaging and accessible solution to accommodate the diverse lifestyles of today's learners at a value-based price. Using a focused modes-based approach, "Comp:Write" engages students on the key elements of successful writing. Through printed Chapter Review Cards and robust online grammar quizzing, students have ample opportunity to hone their skill sets and explore composition. For class preparation, "Comp:Write" offers Instructor Prep Cards with suggested in-class discussion topics and activities. "Comp:Write" provides students with a concise new approach to learning the skills they need to become successful and confident writers in college and beyond!
Dit boek geeft een brede introductie in de taalwetenschap in al haar facetten. De structuur van taal krijgt uiteraard ruime aandacht, maar ook de taalgebruiker en de taalgemeenschap komen uitgebreid aan bod. Voorbeelden uit een groot aantal talen. Niet theorie-gebonden. Geschikt voor probleem-gestuurd onderwijs. Docentenhandleiding beschikbaar op beveiligde website.
In 1821, Sequoyah, a Cherokee metalworker and inventor, introduced a writing system that he had been developing for more than a decade. His creation--the Cherokee syllabary--helped his people learn to read and write within five years and became a principal part of their identity. This groundbreaking study traces the creation, dissemination, and evolution of Sequoyah's syllabary from script to print to digital forms. Breaking with conventional understanding, author Ellen Cushman shows that the syllabary was not based on alphabetic writing, as is often thought, but rather on Cherokee syllables and, more importantly, on Cherokee meanings.
Employing an engaging narrative approach, Cushman relates how Sequoyah created the syllabary apart from Western alphabetic models. But he called it an alphabet because he anticipated the Western assumption that only alphabetic writing is legitimate. Calling the syllabary an alphabet, though, has led to our current misunderstanding of just what it is and of the genius behind it--until now.
In her opening chapters, Cushman traces the history of Sequoyah's invention and explains the logic of the syllabary's structure and the graphic relationships among the characters, both of which might have made the system easy for native speakers to use. Later chapters address the syllabary's enduring significance, showing how it allowed Cherokees to protect, enact, and codify their knowledge and to weave non-Cherokee concepts into their language and life. The result was their enhanced ability to adapt to social change on and in Cherokee terms.
Cushman adeptly explains complex linguistic concepts in an accessible style, even as she displays impressive understanding of interrelated issues in Native American studies, colonial studies, cultural anthropology, linguistics, rhetoric, and literacy studies. Profound, like the invention it explores, "The Cherokee Syllabary" will reshape the study of Cherokee history and culture.
"Published through the Recovering Languages and Literacies of the Americas initiative, supported by the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation"
Assuming no prior knowledge of linguistics, AN INTRODUCTION TO LANGUAGE, 10E, International Edition is appropriate for a variety of fields--including education, languages, psychology, cognitive science, anthropology, English, and teaching English as a Second Language (TESL)--at both the undergraduate and graduate levels. This completely updated edition retains the clear descriptions, humor, and seamless pedagogy that have made the book a perennial best-seller, while adding new information and exercises that render each topic fresh, engaging, and current.
Linguistics is a comprehensive crosslinguistic introduction to the study of language, and is ideal for students with no background in linguistics. * A comprehensive introduction to the study of language, set apart by its inclusion of cross-linguistic data from over 80 different spoken and signed languages * Explores how language works by examining discourse, sentence-structure, meaning, words, and sounds * Introduces psycholinguistic and sociolinguistic issues, including language acquisition, neurolinguistics, language variation, language change, language contact, and multilingualism * Written in a problem-oriented style to engage readers, and is ideal for those new to the subject * Incorporates numerous student-friendly features throughout, including extensive exercises, summaries, assignments, and suggestions for further reading * Based on the bestselling Dutch edition of this work, the English edition has been revised and expanded to offer an up-to-date and engaging survey of linguistics for students new to the field
Based on a "whole language approach," THE WRITER'S WAY is a dynamic, process-centered paperback rhetoric with readings. This text recognizes that students learn best by doing, and writers learn best when inspired by compelling reasons to write, aided by strong examples, and reinforced by immediate personal rewards. With frank advice offered in a supportive, encouraging tone, Rawlins and Metzger lead students step by step through the writing process, from pre-writing to polishing the final draft.
This volume comprises refereed papers and abstracts of the 10th International Conference on the Evolution of Language (EVOLANGX), held in Vienna on 14-17th April 2014. As the leading international conference in the field, the biennial EVOLANG meeting is characterised by an invigorating, multidisciplinary approach to the origins and evolution of human language, and brings together researchers from many subject areas, including anthropology, archaeology, biology, cognitive science, computer science, genetics, linguistics, neuroscience, palaeontology, primatology and psychology.For this 10th conference, the proceedings will include a special perspectives section featuring prominent researchers reflecting on the history of the conference and its impact on the field of language evolution since the inaugural EVOLANG conference in 1996.
An invaluable quick reference -- no need for busy students to keep flipping to the back of the book to look up forms, or search chapters for a review of syntax. These cards contain paradigms of regular, irregular, and deponent verbs, nouns, adjectives, pronouns, and numerals; plus charts of prepositions and adverbs; and a guide to syntax of cases and syntax of nouns -- all in an easily readable and highly durable format.
In every walk of life, from relationships, to work, to politics, sport and the news, our everyday use of English harbours duplicities of meaning. We say 'I'm sorry' when we mean 'absolute nonsense', and write 'Yours faithfully' when we're thinking 'Sod you!' Jealousy, rage, love, affection - we're equally good at disguising them all. Leaves on the Line compiles this secret language - this 'double English' - in a hilarious and forthright volume exposing the doublespeak of the British language. For the first time, everyday terms which we casually deploy to loved ones and total strangers, and have been thrown at us from the radio or TV will be 'glossed' (yes, we really mean 'stripped') to reveal the unadorned, raw truth below. The book will be over 200 hilarious phrases of common doublespeak and will be essential reading for everyone from puzzled foreigners to young people to whom the dark art of linguistic dissembling are not yet second nature. The book includes phrases and the truths behind them, such as: Transport: 'This service is delayed because of leaves on the track...' Social: 'I'm not being racist but...' Weather: 'Nice weather we're having...' Sport: 'We're taking each game as it comes...' Relationships: 'I've never met anyone like you before...' Polititcs: 'Spending on health has increased in real terms, year on year, since we were elected...' Word count: 30,000
In this brilliant transatlantic survival guide, Erin Moore examines the key differences between the British and the Americans through their language. You'll discover why Americans give - and take - so many bloody compliments and never, ever say `shall' (well hardly ever), as well as what the British really mean when they say `proper', why they believe it is better to be bright than clever and how the word sorry has at least eight different meanings for them.
'More than 300 million people in the world speak English and the rest, it sometimes seems, try to...' Only Bill Bryson could make a book about the English language so entertaining. With his boundless enthusiasm and restless eye for the absurd, this is his astonishing tour of English. From its mongrel origins to its status as the world's most-spoken tongue; its apparent simplicity to its deceptive complexity; its vibrant swearing to its uncertain spelling and pronunciation, Bryson covers all this as well as the many curious eccentricities that make it as maddening to learn as it is flexible to use. Bill Bryson's classic Mother Tongue is a highly readable and hilarious tale of how English came to be the world's language.
Get the skills you need to read and speak English with confidence! Learn how to read and speak English with this easy-to-use workbook. Dozens of manageable, bite-sized lessons take you through the basics of the English language. Three-page units cover each subject, which can be completed in just 20 minutes. Each lesson covers a single grammar concept and is supported by many clear examples. The book includes tons of exercises help you practice your new language skills. Plus, you'll also have access to streaming audio recordings of the most difficult English sounds to pronounce. Practice Makes Perfect: Basic English, Premium Third Edition features: *Lessons and exercises to expand your vocabulary *Review exercises to measure your progress *Fun word search puzzles and scramble sentence exercises *An answer key for all the exercises in the book*Streaming audio of numerous exercise answers, available online and via our exclusive McGraw-Hill Education Language Lab app *Additional audio recordings of the most difficult sounds to pronounce in English*All aspects of grammar and basic vocabulary that a first-year student needs to know
English-speakers can conveniently refer to words in both languages with this single dictionary, which is extremely compact in size. One of the most important features are the succinct yet effective explanations. English idioms and proverbs were used in illustrative sentences for those commonly used entries. The user will find that each entry word contains English synonyms with romanized pronunciation of Korean words.
This book provides an in-depth and comprehensive state-of-the-art study of 'African languages' and 'language in Africa' since its beginnings as a 'colonial science' at the turn of the twentieth century in Europe. Compiled by 56 internationally renowned scholars, this ground breaking study looks at past and current research on 'African languages' and 'language in Africa' under the impact of paradigmatic changes from 'colonial' to 'postcolonial' perspectives. It addresses current trends in the study of the role and functions of language, African and other, in pre- and postcolonial African societies. Highlighting the central role that the 'language factor' plays in postcolonial transformation processes of sociocultural modernization and economic development, it also addresses more recent, particularly urban, patterns of communication, and outlines applied dimensions of digitalization and human language technology.
Featuring an extensive set of entries covering all aspects of research methodology, ranging from basic to more advanced topics, this is an essential reference for applied linguists everywhere. Explanations of key concepts and techniques are fully cross-referenced and presented in bite-sized chunks, making it easy for users to look up specific terms quickly or have a brief refresher on methodological practices and related issues. Concepts are further illustrated by real-life examples drawn from current linguistics research. This is ideal for undergraduate and postgraduate students studying applied linguistics or TESOL modules.
Building on the success of the previous three editions, the fourth edition of Let's Talk about Interpersonal Communication is a lively, challenging and interactive communication course that is fully updated and offers new research studies and additional South African examples. Elements that enhance learning include the following: more examples of interpersonal communication in the workplace; more South African examples; 'in a nutshell' tables that summarise the content; cartoons that illustrate concepts in a humorous way; suggested test and exam application questions.
Positioned for students (and parents) who just want the key concepts and a few examples -- without the review, ramp-up, and anecdotal content -- The Essentials For Dummies series is a perfect solution for exam-cramming, homework help, and reference.
Language is a sophisticated tool which we use to communicate in a multitude of ways. Updated and expanded in its second edition, this book introduces language and linguistics - presenting language in all its amazing complexity while systematically guiding you through the basics. The reader will emerge with an appreciation of the diversity of the world's languages, as well as a deeper understanding of the structure of human language, the ways it is used, and its broader social and cultural context. Part I is devoted to the nuts and bolts of language study - speech sounds, sound patterns, sentence structure, and meaning - and includes chapters dedicated to the functional aspects of language: discourse, prosody, pragmatics, and language contact. The fourteen language profiles included in Part II reveal the world's linguistic variety while expanding on the similarities and differences between languages. Using knowledge gained from Part I, the reader can explore how language functions when speakers use it in daily interaction. With a step-by-step approach that is reinforced with well-chosen illustrations, case studies, and study questions, readers will gain understanding and analytical skills that will only enrich their ongoing study of language and linguistics.
How is our language affected by our ethnicity, gender, and region? How are our conversations and other interactions structured? How does society view and regulate language? How do we use language to present ourselves to others? In this revised and updated second edition of the popular What Is Sociolinguistics? Gerard Van Herk explores these and other intriguing questions about language, how we use it, and its relationships to society. Van Herk guides the reader on a tour through the major issues that define the field, including region, status, gender, time, language attitudes, interaction, and style, at the same time exploring the sociolinguistics of multilingualism, culture and ethnicity, language contact, and education. This second edition has been revised and updated to include new and more exercises, discussion questions, and suggested readings, as well as expanded chapters exploring gender duality and Latino English. Key readings are introduced in Van Herk s clear and engaging voice, which accompanies the text throughout, providing an accessible point of entry for those new to, or less familiar with, sociolinguistics. Chapter summaries and textboxes are similarly employed to signpost and illuminate learning. A companion website features PowerPoint slides for each chapter with suggestions for framing class discussions and exercises, further examples of concepts discussed, additional reading suggestions, and ready-to-go slides for class presentation. Packed with the latest research and practical teaching aids, What is Sociolinguistics? Second edition retains the highly-praised character of its predecessor and provides an essential up-to-date text for both students and instructors alike.
This is a comprehensive modern dictionary of the major indigenous language of Mexico, the language of the Aztecs and many of their neighbors. Nahuatl speakers became literate within a generation of contact with Europeans, and a vast literature has been composed in Nahuatl beginning in the mid-sixteenth century and continuing to the present.
'The greatest enterprise of its kind in history,' was the verdict of British prime minister Stanley Baldwin in June 1928 when The Oxford English Dictionary was finally published. With its 15,490 pages and nearly two million quotations, it was indeed a monumental achievement, gleaned from the efforts of hundreds of ordinary and extraordinary people who made it their mission to catalogue the English language in its entirety. In The Meaning of Everything, Simon Winchester celebrates this remarkable feat, and the fascinating characters who played such a vital part in its execution, from the colourful Frederick Furnivall, cheerful promoter of an all-female sculling crew, to James Murray, self-educated son of a draper, who spent half a century guiding the project towards fruition. Along the way we learn which dictionary editor became the inspiration for Kenneth Grahame's Ratty in The Wind in the Willows, and why Tolkien found it so hard to define 'walrus'. Written by the bestselling author of The Surgeon of Crowthorne and The Map That Changed the World, The Meaning of Everything is an enthralling account of the creation of the world's greatest dictionary.
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