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Books > Academic & Education > Professional & Technical > Geophysics

The Climate of the Mediterranean Region - From the Past to the Future (Hardcover): P. Lionello The Climate of the Mediterranean Region - From the Past to the Future (Hardcover)
P. Lionello
R2,542 R2,120 Discovery Miles 21 200 Save R422 (17%) Within 8 - 15 working days

The Mediterranean region contains a diverse and interesting climate ranging from areas with permanent glaciers to areas of subtropical, semiarid regions. The region is potentially sensitive to climate change and its progress has environmental, social, and economic implications within and beyond the region. Produced by the Mediterranean Climate Variability and Predictability Research Networking Project, this book reviews the evolution of the Mediterranean climate over the past two millennia with projections further into the twenty-first century as well as examining in detail various aspects of the Mediterranean region s climate including evolution, atmospheric variables, and oceanic and land elements. Integrated with this, the book also considers the social and economic problems or vulnerabilities associated with the region. Written and reviewed by multiple researchers to ensure a high level of information presented clearly, Mediterranean Climate Variables will be an invaluable source of information for geologists, oceanographers, and anyone interested in learning more about the Mediterranean climate.
Written by leading experts in the fieldPresents clear, compelling, and concise evidenceIncludes the latest thinking in Mediterranean climate research"

The Geologic Time Scale 2012 (Paperback, New): F.M. Gradstein, James G. Ogg, Mark Schmitz, Gabi Ogg The Geologic Time Scale 2012 (Paperback, New)
F.M. Gradstein, James G. Ogg, Mark Schmitz, Gabi Ogg
R1,965 R1,518 Discovery Miles 15 180 Save R447 (23%) Within 8 - 15 working days

"The Geologic Time Scale 2012," winner of a 2012 PROSE Award Honorable Mention for Best Multi-volume Reference in Science from the Association of American Publishers, is the framework for deciphering the history of our planet Earth. The authors have been at the forefront of chronostratigraphic research and initiatives to create an international geologic time scale for many years, and the charts in this book present the most up-to-date, international standard, as ratified by the International Commission on Stratigraphy and the International Union of Geological Sciences. This 2012 geologic time scale is an enhanced, improved and expanded version of the GTS2004, including chapters on planetary scales, the Cryogenian-Ediacaran periods/systems, a prehistory scale of human development, a survey of sequence stratigraphy, and an extensive compilation of stable-isotope chemostratigraphy.

This book is an essential reference for all geoscientists, including researchers, students, and petroleum and mining professionals. The presentation is non-technical and illustrated with numerous colour charts, maps and photographs. The book also includes a detachable wall chart of the complete time scale for use as a handy reference in the office, laboratory or field.

The most detailed international geologic time scale available that contextualizes information in one single reference for quick desktop access. Gives insights in the construction, strengths, and limitations of the geological time scale that greatly enhances its function and its utility. Aids understanding by combining with the mathematical and statistical methods to scaled composites of global succession of events. Meets the needs of a range of users at various points in the workflow (researchers extracting linear time from rock records, students recognizing the geologic stage by their content).

Wave Fields in Real Media - Wave Propagation in Anisotropic, Anelastic Porous and Electromagnetic Media (Hardcover, 2nd Revised... Wave Fields in Real Media - Wave Propagation in Anisotropic, Anelastic Porous and Electromagnetic Media (Hardcover, 2nd Revised edition)
Jose M. Carcione; Edited by Jose M. Carcione
R4,184 Discovery Miles 41 840 Within 8 - 15 working days

This book examines the differences between an ideal and a real description of wave propagation, where ideal means an elastic (lossless), isotropic and single-phase medium, and real means an anelastic, anisotropic and multi-phase medium. The analysis starts by introducing the relevant stress-strain relation. This relation and the equations of momentum conservation are combined to give the equation of motion. The differential formulation is written in terms of memory variables, and Biot's theory is used to describe wave propagation in porous media. For each rheology, a plane-wave analysis is performed in order to understand the physics of wave propagation. The book contains a review of the main direct numerical methods for solving the equation of motion in the time and space domains. The emphasis is on geophysical applications for seismic exploration, but researchers in the fields of earthquake seismology, rock acoustics, and material science - including many branches of acoustics of fluids and solids - may also find this text useful. The key features include: presents the fundamentals of wave propagation in anisotropic, anelastic and porus media; contains a new chapter on the analogy between acoustic and electromagnetic waves, incorporating the subject of electromagnetic waves; and emphasizes geophysics, particularly, seismic exploration for hydrocarbon reservoirs, which is essential for exploration and production of oil.

MARGO - Multiproxy Approach for the Reconstruction of the Glacial Ocean surface (Hardcover): M. Kucera, R Schneider, M. Weinelt MARGO - Multiproxy Approach for the Reconstruction of the Glacial Ocean surface (Hardcover)
M. Kucera, R Schneider, M. Weinelt
R2,357 R535 Discovery Miles 5 350 Save R1,822 (77%) Within 7 - 11 working days

This volume summarizes the results of the MARGO international working group, with the aim to develop an updated and harmonised reconstruction of sea surface temperatures and sea-ice extent of the Last Glacial Maximum oceans. The MARGO approach differs from previous efforts by developing and consistently applying measures of various aspects of reconstruction reliability, and by combining faunal and geochemical proxies.

In 14 papers, the volume provides a comprehensive review of earlier work and a series of new, proxy-specific reconstructions based on census counts of planktonic foraminifera, diatoms, radiolaria and dinoflagellate cysts as well as on Mg/Ca measurements in planktonic foraminifera. The approach of harmonising the calibration and application of different proxies is described in detail, various paleothermometry techniques and their results are compared and the challenge of treating sparsely sampled data as the basis for ocean circulation models is addressed. The use of stable oxygen isotope composition of foraminiferal shells as a proxy for past sea water composition is comprehensively reassessed, and a new approach to the transfer function paleothermometer is presented.

This volume represents a landmark contribution to the understanding of ice-age oceanography as well as the proxies used to reconstruct past ocean states. The results will form the basis for forcing and validation of ocean circulation models.
* New regional reconstructions of Last Glacial Maximum ocean temperatures and sea ice cover
* Compilation of new calibration and fossil datasets as well as documentation of techniques and approaches to paleoenvironmental reconstructions.
* Comparison of techniques, proxies and modelling approaches

Principles of Sequence Stratigraphy (Hardcover): Octavian Catuneanu Principles of Sequence Stratigraphy (Hardcover)
Octavian Catuneanu
R1,895 R1,777 Discovery Miles 17 770 Save R118 (6%) Within 8 - 15 working days

Principles of Sequence Stratigraphy provides an in-depth coverage and impartial assessment of all current ideas and models in the field of sequence stratigraphy. Even though widely popular among all groups interested in the analysis of sedimentary basin fills, both in academia and in the industry, sequence stratigraphy is yet a difficult undertaking due to an overwhelming jargon and the persistence of conflicting approaches as to how the sequence stratigraphic method should be applied to the rock record. This textbook examines the relationship between such conflicting approaches from the perspective of a unifying platform, demonstrating that sufficient common ground exists to eliminate terminology barriers and to facilitate communication between all practitioners of sequence stratigraphy.

This work is not only a review of past and current literature, but also includes key original viewpoints and is illustrated with new graphic material and numerous field examples of outcrop, core, well log and 3D seismic data in full colour. The book is addressed to anyone interested in understanding and applying the method of sequence stratigraphic analysis, from students to geologists, geophysicists and reservoir engineers. Sequence stratigraphy remains the most recent paradigm in the broad field of sedimentary geology, with tremendous potential to deciphering the record of global change and to improving the success of economic exploration.
* Offers theoretical guidelines of how the facies and time relationships are expected to be under specific circumstances such as subsidence patterns, sediment supply, topographic gradients, etc.
* Contains numerous high-quality and full-color diagrams, photographs and illustrations, virtually on every aid in comprehension of the subject
* Features a dedicated chapter on discussions and conclusions incorporating all previous chapters with references, basic principles and strategies
* Provides an extensive list of references for further reading, as well as an author and subject index for quick information access

Introduction to Volcanic Seismology, Volume 6 (Paperback, 2nd edition): Vyacheslav M. Zobin Introduction to Volcanic Seismology, Volume 6 (Paperback, 2nd edition)
Vyacheslav M. Zobin
R3,539 Discovery Miles 35 390 Within 7 - 11 working days

Volcanic seismology represents the main, and often the only, tool to forecast volcanic eruptions and to monitor the eruption process. This book describes the main types of seismic signals at volcanoes, their nature and spatial and temporal distributions at different stages of eruptive activity. Following from the success of the first edition, published in 2003, the second edition consists of 19 chapters including significant revision and five new chapters. Organized into four sections, the book begins with an introduction to the history and topic of volcanic seismology, discussing the theoretical and experimental models that were developed for the study of the origin of volcanic earthquakes. The second section is devoted to the study of volcano-tectonic earthquakes, giving the theoretical basis for their occurrence and swarms as well as case stories of volcano-tectonic activity associated with the eruptions at basaltic, andesitic, and dacitic volcanoes. There were 40 cases of volcanic eruptions at 20 volcanoes that occurred all over the world from 1910 to 2005, which are discussed. General regularities of volcano-tectonic earthquake swarms, their participation in the eruptive process, their source properties, and the hazard of strong volcano-tectonic earthquakes are also described. The third section describes the theoretical basis for the occurrence of eruption earthquakes together with the description of volcanic tremor, the seismic signals associated with pyroclastic flows, rockfalls and lahars, and volcanic explosions, long-period and very-long-period seismic signals at volcanoes, micro-earthquake swarms, and acoustic events. The final section discuss the mitigation of volcanic hazard and include the methodology of seismic monitoring of volcanic activity, the examples of forecasting of volcanic eruptions by seismic methods, and the description of seismic activity in the regions of dormant volcanoes.

This book will be essential for students and practitioners of volcanic seismology to understand the essential elements of volcanic eruptions.
Provides a comprehensive overview of seismic signals at different stages of volcano eruption.Discusses dozens of case histories from around the world to provide real-world applications.Illustrations accompany detailed descriptions of volcano eruptions alongside the theories involved.

Ultrahigh-Pressure Metamorphism - 25 Years After The Discovery Of Coesite And Diamond (Hardcover): Larissa Dobrzhinetskaya,... Ultrahigh-Pressure Metamorphism - 25 Years After The Discovery Of Coesite And Diamond (Hardcover)
Larissa Dobrzhinetskaya, Shah Wali Faryad, Simon Wallis, Simon Cuthbert
R2,676 R2,234 Discovery Miles 22 340 Save R442 (17%) Within 8 - 15 working days

Ultrahigh Pressure Metamorphism (UHPM) is a fast growing discipline that was established 25 years ago after discoveries of high pressure minerals, coesite and diamonds. The current explosion of research on UHMP terranes reflects their significance for understanding large scale mantle dynamics, major elements of plate tectonics such as continental collisions, deep subduction and exhumation, mountains building, geochemical recycling 'from surface to the core', and a deep storage of light elements participating in green-house effects in the atmosphere. This book provides insights into the formation of diamond and coesite at very high pressures and explores new ideas regarding the tectonic setting of this style of metamorphism.
Important, authoritative and comprehensive one-stop resource for the growing ultrahigh pressure metamorphism UHPM research communityA forward-looking approach founded upon a detailed historical perspective on UHPM presents the trends in discovery, methodology and theory over the last 25 years, allowing readers to gain a clear understanding of the current trends and the approaches that will shape the science in the futureA highly diverse set of articles, covering a wide range of methods and sub-disciplines

The Physics of Glaciers (Hardcover, 4th edition): Kurt M. Cuffey, W.S.B. Paterson The Physics of Glaciers (Hardcover, 4th edition)
Kurt M. Cuffey, W.S.B. Paterson
R1,834 Discovery Miles 18 340 Within 7 - 11 working days

The Physics of Glaciers, Fourth Edition, discusses the physical principles that underlie the behavior and characteristics of glaciers. The term glacier refers to all bodies of ice created by the accumulation of snowfall, e.g., mountain glaciers, ice caps, continental ice sheets, and ice shelves. Glaciology-the study of all forms of ice-is an interdisciplinary field encompassing physics, geology, atmospheric science, mathematics, and others. This book covers various aspects of glacier studies, including the transformation of snow to ice, grain-scale structures and ice deformation, mass exchange processes, glacial hydrology, glacier flow, and the impact of climate change. The present edition features two new chapters: "Ice Sheets and the Earth System" and "Ice, Sea Level, and Contemporary Climate Change." The chapter on ice core studies has been updated from the previous version with new material. The materials on the flow of mountain glaciers, ice sheets, ice streams, and ice shelves have been combined into a single chapter entitled "The Flow of Ice Masses."

Advanced Remote Sensing - Terrestrial Information Extraction and Applications (Hardcover): Shunlin Liang, Xiaowen Li, Jindi Wang Advanced Remote Sensing - Terrestrial Information Extraction and Applications (Hardcover)
Shunlin Liang, Xiaowen Li, Jindi Wang
R2,471 R2,090 Discovery Miles 20 900 Save R381 (15%) Within 8 - 15 working days

"Advanced Remote Sensing" is an application-based reference that provides a single source of mathematical concepts necessary for remote sensing data gathering and assimilation. It presents state-of-the-art techniques for estimating land surface variables from a variety of data types, including optical sensors such as RADAR and LIDAR. Scientists in a number of different fields including geography, geology, atmospheric science, environmental science, planetary science and ecology will have access to critically-important data extraction techniques and their virtually unlimited applications. While rigorous enough for the most experienced of scientists, the techniques are well designed and integrated, making the book s content intuitive, clearly presented, and practical in its implementation.

* Comprehensive overview of various practical methods and algorithms * Detailed description of the principles and procedures of the state-of-the-art algorithms * Real-world case studies open several chapters * More than 500 full-color figures and tables * Edited by top remote sensing experts with contributions from authors across the geosciences"

Regional Geology and Tectonics: Phanerozoic Rift Systems and Sedimentary Basins (Hardcover, New): David G. Roberts, A.W. Bally Regional Geology and Tectonics: Phanerozoic Rift Systems and Sedimentary Basins (Hardcover, New)
David G. Roberts, A.W. Bally
R2,310 R1,938 Discovery Miles 19 380 Save R372 (16%) Within 8 - 15 working days

Expert petroleum geologists David Roberts and Albert Bally bring you "Regional Geology and Tectonics: Phanerozoic Rift Systems and Sedimentary Basins," volume two in a three-volume series covering Phanerozoic regional geology and tectonics. Experience in analyzing and assessing rifts-locations where the Earth s outer shell and crust have been stretched over time by seismic activity-is critical for you as an exploration geologist in identifying Earth s most lucrative hydrocarbon locations in which extraction is both efficient and safe. Vast compilations of related industry data present regional seismic lines and cross sections, and summaries of analogue and theoretical models are provided as an essential backdrop to the structure and stratigraphy of various geological settings.
Named a 2013 Outstanding Academic Title by the American Library Association's "Choice "publicationA practical reference for petroleum geologists that discusses the importance of rift systems and the structural evolution of the Earth Analyses of active rifts in East Africa, China, Siberia, the Gulf of Suez, and the Russian Arctic provide immediately implementable petroleum exploration applications in regions heavily targeted by oil & gas companies Presents overviews of sequence stratigraphy in rifts and structural controls on clastic and carbonate sedimentation-critical to the exact mapping of the most lucrative hydrocarbon locations by exploration geologists"

Coding and Decoding: Seismic Data, Volume 39 - The Concept of Multishooting (Hardcover): Luc T. Ikelle Coding and Decoding: Seismic Data, Volume 39 - The Concept of Multishooting (Hardcover)
Luc T. Ikelle
R2,670 R2,227 Discovery Miles 22 270 Save R443 (17%) Within 8 - 15 working days

Currently, the acquisition of seismic surveys is performed as a sequential operation in which shots are computed separately, one after the other. The concept of the multishooting approach illustrates that several shots can be generated from several locations and at different time intervals simultaneously. This approach is similar to that of multiple-access technology, which is widely used in cellular communications to allow several subscribers to share the same telephone line.
The cost of performing various shots simultaneously is almost identical to that of one shot; thus, the savings in time and money expected from using the multishooting approach for computing seismic surveys compared to the current approach are enormous. By using this approach, the long-standing problem of simulating a three-dimensional seismic survey can be reduced to a matter of weeks and not years, as is currently the case.
This book investigates how to collect, stimulate, and process multishooting data, as well as address what improvements in seismic characterization and resolution one can expect.
* Investigates how to collect, stimulate, and process multishooting data
* Addresses the improvements in seismic characterization and resolution one can expect from multishooting data
* Aims to educate the oil and gas exploration and production business of the benefits of multishooting data, and to influence their day-to-day surveying techniques

Treatise on Geophysics, Volume 2 - Mineral Physics (Paperback, New): G David Price Treatise on Geophysics, Volume 2 - Mineral Physics (Paperback, New)
G David Price
R1,652 R1,411 Discovery Miles 14 110 Save R241 (15%) Within 8 - 15 working days

Treatise on Geophysics: Mineral Physics, Volume 2, provides a comprehensive review of the current state of understanding of mineral physics. Each chapter demonstrates the significant progress that has been made in the understanding of the physics and chemistry of minerals, and also highlights a number of issues which are still outstanding or that need further work to resolve current contradictions. The book first reviews the current status of our understanding of the nature of the deep Earth. These include the seismic properties of rocks and minerals; problems of the lower mantle and the core-mantle boundary; and the state of knowledge on mantle chemistry and the nature and evolution of the core. The discussions then turn to the theory underlying high-pressure, high-temperature physics, and the major experimental methods being developed to probe this parameter space. The remaining chapters explain the specific techniques for measuring elastic and acoustic properties, electronic and magnetic properties, and rheological properties; the nature and origin of anisotropy in the Earth; the properties of melt; and the magnetic and electrical properties of mantle phases.

Fractal Models in Exploration Geophysics, Volume 41 - Applications to Hydrocarbon Reservoirs (Hardcover): Vijay P. Dimri, R.P.... Fractal Models in Exploration Geophysics, Volume 41 - Applications to Hydrocarbon Reservoirs (Hardcover)
Vijay P. Dimri, R.P. Srivastava, Nimisha Vedanti, N.M Banerjee
R2,507 R2,073 Discovery Miles 20 730 Save R434 (17%) Within 8 - 15 working days

Researchers in the field of exploration geophysics have developed new methods for the acquisition, processing and interpretation of gravity and magnetic data, based on detailed investigations of bore wells around the globe. "Fractal Models in Exploration Geophysics" describes fractal-based models for characterizing these complex subsurface geological structures.

The authors introduce the inverse problem using a fractal approach which they then develop with the implementation of a global optimization algorithm for seismic data: very fast simulated annealing (VFSA). This approach provides high-resolution inverse modeling results-particularly useful for reservoir characterization.

* Serves as a valuable resource for researchers studying the application of fractals in exploration, and for practitioners directly applying field data for geo-modeling * Discusses the basic principles and practical applications of time-lapse seismic reservoir monitoring technology-application rapidly advancing topic * Provides the fundamentals for those interested in reservoir geophysics and reservoir simulation study * Demonstrates an example of reservoir simulation for enhanced oil recovery using CO2 injection

Geology and Sedimentology of the Korean Peninsula (Hardcover, New): Sung Kwun Chough Geology and Sedimentology of the Korean Peninsula (Hardcover, New)
Sung Kwun Chough
R3,006 R2,846 Discovery Miles 28 460 Save R160 (5%) Within 8 - 13 working days

Written by one of Korea's most respected earth scientists, "Geology and Sedimentology of the Korean Peninsula" analyzes sedimentary facies, basin evolution, and sequence stratigraphy to provide answers to depositional processes and environmental changes through the Earth's history, including tectonic events, climate changes, and sea-level fluctuations. This is one of the first books covering the geology of the Korean peninsula. It offers an in-depth exploration of this region, which also allows comparison with sedimentary basins around the world. This is an important book for students, researchers, and professionals working in the geography of East Asia.

The study of sedimentary basins can help advance basic understanding of how the Earth's crust developed, as well as offer insights into the influence of environmental and climate change. Sedimentary basins are also of interest due to their importance in the exploration and recovery of natural resources, including oil and gas, water, and industrial minerals.
Provides fundamental information on the geology of East Asia Serves as a guide for integrated sedimentary basin analysis, providing a detailed aid for comparative researchContains over 200 figures to illustrate the analysis

Regional Geology and Tectonics: Principles of Geologic Analysis (Hardcover): A.W. Bally, David G. Roberts Regional Geology and Tectonics: Principles of Geologic Analysis (Hardcover)
A.W. Bally, David G. Roberts
R2,582 Discovery Miles 25 820 Within 7 - 11 working days

Expert petroleum geologists David Roberts and Albert Bally bring you "Regional Geology and Tectonics: Principles of Geologic Analysis," volume one in a three-volume series covering Phanerozoic regional geology and tectonics. It has been written to provide you with a detailed overview of geologic rift systems, passive margins, and cratonic basins, it features the basic principles necessary to grasping the conceptual approaches to hydrocarbon exploration in a broad range of geological settings globally.
Named a 2013 Outstanding Academic Title by the American Library Association's "Choice "publicationA "how-to" regional geology primer that provides a detailed overview of tectonics, rift systems, passive margins, and cratonic basinsThe principles of regional geological analysis and the main geological and geophysical tools are discussed in detail.The tectonics of the world are captured and identified in detail through a series of unique geographic maps, allowing quick access to exact tectonic locations.Serves as the ideal introductory overview and complementary reference to the core concepts of regional geology and tectonics offered in volumes two and three in the series.

Groundwater Science (Hardcover, 2nd edition): Charles R. Fitts Groundwater Science (Hardcover, 2nd edition)
Charles R. Fitts
R1,780 Discovery Miles 17 800 Within 8 - 15 working days

"Groundwater Science, Second Edition"-winner of a 2014 Textbook Excellence Award (Texty) from The Text and Academic Authors Association-covers groundwater's role in the hydrologic cycle and in water supply, contamination, and construction issues. It is a valuable resource for students and instructors in the geosciences (with focuses in hydrology, hydrogeology, and environmental science), and as a reference work for professional researchers. This interdisciplinary text weaves important methods and applications from the disciplines of physics, chemistry, mathematics, geology, biology, and environmental science, introducing you to the mathematical modeling and contaminant flow of groundwater.

New to the Second Edition: New chapter on subsurface heat flow and geothermal systemsExpanded content on well construction and design, surface water hydrology, groundwater/ surface water interaction, slug tests, pumping tests, and mounding analysis.Updated discussions of groundwater modeling, calibration, parameter estimation, and uncertaintyFree software tools for slug test analysis, pumping test analysis, and aquifer modelingLists of key terms and chapter contents at the start of each chapterExpanded end-of-chapter problems, including more conceptual questions
Winner of a 2014 Texty Award from the Text and Academic Authors AssociationFeatures two-color figures Includes homework problems at the end of each chapter and worked examples throughoutProvides a companion website with videos of field exploration and contaminant migration experiments, PDF files of USGS reports, and data files for homework problemsOffers PowerPoint slides and solution manual for adopting faculty

Encyclopedia of Caves (Hardcover, 2nd edition): Encyclopedia of Caves (Hardcover, 2nd edition)
R2,121 R1,818 Discovery Miles 18 180 Save R303 (14%) Within 8 - 15 working days

Encyclopedia of Caves is a self-contained, beautifully illustrated work dedicated to caves and their unique environments. It includes more than 100 comprehensive articles from leading scholars and explorers in 15 different countries. Each entry is detailed and scientifically sound, yet accessible for students and non-scientists. This large-format reference is enchanced with hundreds of full-color photographs, maps, and drawings from the authors' own work, which provide unique images of the underground environment.
Global in reach--authors are an international team of experts covering caves from around the worldIncludes 24 new articles commissioned especially for this 2nd edition Articles contain extensive bibliographies cross-referencing related essaysHundreds of color photographs, maps, charts and illustrations of cave features and biotaA-Z sequence and a comprehensive index allow for easy location of topics Glossary presents definitions of all key vocabulary items

Principles of the Magnetic Methods in Geophysics (Hardcover, 42nd edition): Principles of the Magnetic Methods in Geophysics (Hardcover, 42nd edition)
R3,527 Discovery Miles 35 270 Within 7 - 11 working days

Magnetic methods are widely used in exploration, engineering, borehole and global geophysics, and the subjects of this book are the physical and mathematical principles of these methods regardless of the area of application.
Beginning with Ampere's law, the force of interaction between currents is analyzed, and then the concept of the magnetic field is introduced and the fundamental features are discussed.
Special attention is paid to measurements of relaxation processes, including topics as the spin echoes or refocusing. Also the special role of the magnetic method in the development of the plate tectonic theory is described.
* covers all the physical and mathematical principles of magnetic methods regardless of the area of application.
* presents thorough developments of magnetic methods.

Adsorption of Metals by Geomedia II, Volume 7 - Variables, Mechanisms, and Model Applications (Hardcover): Mark Barnett,... Adsorption of Metals by Geomedia II, Volume 7 - Variables, Mechanisms, and Model Applications (Hardcover)
Mark Barnett, Douglas Kent
R2,982 Discovery Miles 29 820 Within 7 - 11 working days

Adsorption of Metals by Geomedia II serves as a needed resource for this topic which has received much attention during the past 25 years. The book provides an in-depth review of the field, followed by numerous chapters that document the current status of adsorption research for a variety of metals by geomedia ranging from individual minerals to sediments and soils. Adsorption mechanisms are detailed and precipitation is presented as a distinct sorption process. Virtually all factors affecting the extent of metal adsorption are examined, including the effects of selected anions, competition among metals, pH, metal concentration, loading, variable metal adsorption capacity, ionic strength, hydrogen exchange and stoichiometry, and solids concentration. A variety of adsorption models are briefly presented and some are used to extend laboratory studies to field sites.
This is a compilation of 25 peer reviewed papers from among the 60+ platform and poster presentations of the symposium "Adsorption of Metals to Geomedia II" at the American Chemical Society (ACS) Meeting, March 27-29, 2006 in Atlanta, Georgia, USA. This symposium is a follow-up to the original held in 1996.
* Learn the tools and techniques from leading academics and industry experts
* One stop practical resource and guide for those in the field
* Keep informed and up to date on all the latest advancements in technology

Principles of the Gravitational Method, Volume 41 (Hardcover, 41st edition): Alex A. Kaufman, Richard O. Hansen Principles of the Gravitational Method, Volume 41 (Hardcover, 41st edition)
Alex A. Kaufman, Richard O. Hansen
R3,619 Discovery Miles 36 190 Within 7 - 11 working days

This self-contained monograph gives a thorough introduction to the theory of gravity which is used as the basis for developing applications in exploration and geodesy. In addition, a survey of gravity instrumentation is given, with emphasis on the theory of underlying these instruments. The book finishes with an exposition of forward modeling and inverston, again emphasizing fundamental principles.
*Surveys gravity instrumentation with emphasis on the theory of why certain instrumentation is used
*Presents thorough developments of the theory of gravity to aid in creating applications in exploration and geodesy
*Emphasizes the fundamental principles of forward modeling and inversion in the gravitational method

Climate, Environment, and Society in the Pacific during the Last Millennium, Volume 6 (Hardcover, 6th edition): Patrick D. Nunn Climate, Environment, and Society in the Pacific during the Last Millennium, Volume 6 (Hardcover, 6th edition)
Patrick D. Nunn
R3,424 Discovery Miles 34 240 Within 7 - 11 working days

The nature of global change in the Pacific Basin is poorly known compared to other parts of the world. Climate, Environment, and Society in the Pacific during the Last Millennium describes the climate changes that occurred in the Pacific during the last millennium and discusses how these changes controlled the broad evolution of human societies, typically filtered by the effects of changing sea level and storminess on food availability and interaction. Covering the entire period since AD 750 in the Pacific, this book describes the influences of climate change on environments and societies during the Medieval Warm Period and the Little Ice Age, focusing on the 100-year transition between these - a period of rapid change known as the AD 1300 Event.
* Discusses the societal effects of climate and sea-level change, as well as the evidence for externally-driven societal change
* Synthsizes how climate change has driven environmental change and societal change in the Pacific Basin
* Contains a comprehensive and up-to-date survey of the evidence for climate, environmental, and societal change, supported by a full list of references

Geothermal Energy - An Alternative Resource for the 21st Century (Hardcover): Harsh K Gupta, Sukanta Roy Geothermal Energy - An Alternative Resource for the 21st Century (Hardcover)
Harsh K Gupta, Sukanta Roy
R2,891 Discovery Miles 28 910 Within 7 - 11 working days

More than 20 countries generate electricity from geothermal resources and about 60 countries make direct use of geothermal energy. A ten-fold increase in geothermal energy use is foreseeable at the current technology level.
Geothermal Energy: An Alternative Resource for the 21st Century provides a readable and coherent account of all facets of geothermal energy development and summarizes the present day knowledge on geothermal resources, their exploration and exploitation. Accounts of geothermal resource models, various exploration techniques, drilling and production technology are discussed within 9 chapters, as well as important concepts and current technological developments.
*Interdisciplinary approach, combining traditional disciplines such as geology, geophysics, and engineering
*Provides a readable and coherent account of all facets of geothermal energy development
*Describes the importance of bringing potable water to high-demand areas such as the tropical regions

Geological Sequestration of Carbon Dioxide, Volume 11 - Thermodynamics, Kinetics, and Reaction Path Modeling (Hardcover, New):... Geological Sequestration of Carbon Dioxide, Volume 11 - Thermodynamics, Kinetics, and Reaction Path Modeling (Hardcover, New)
Luigi Marini
R3,443 Discovery Miles 34 430 Within 7 - 11 working days

The contents of this monograph are two-scope. First, it intends to provide a synthetic but complete account of the thermodynamic and kinetic foundations on which the reaction path modeling of geological CO2 sequestration is based. In particular, a great effort is devoted to review the thermodynamic properties of CO2 and of the CO2-H2O system and the interactions in the aqueous solution, the thermodynamic stability of solid product phases (by means of several stability plots and activity plots), the volumes of carbonation reactions, and especially the kinetics of dissolution/precipitation reactions of silicates, oxides, hydroxides, and carbonates.
Second, it intends to show the reader how reaction path modeling of geological CO2 sequestration is carried out. To this purpose the well-known high-quality EQ3/6 software package is used. Setting up of computer simulations and obtained results are described in detail and used EQ3/6 input files are given to guide the reader step-by-step from the beginning to the end of these exercises.
Finally, some examples of reaction-path- and reaction-transport-modeling taken from the available literature are presented. The results of these simulations are of fundamental importance to evaluate the amounts of potentially sequestered CO2, and their evolution with time, as well as the time changes of all the other relevant geochemical parameters (e.g., amounts of solid reactants and products, composition of the aqueous phase, pH, redox potential, effects on aquifer porosity). In other words, in this way we are able to predict what occurs when CO2 is injected into a deep aquifer.
* Provides applications for investigating and predicting geological carbon dioxide sequestration
* Reviews the geochemical literature in the field
* Discusses the importance of geochemists in the multidisciplinary study of geological carbon dioxide sequestration

Oil Pollution and its Environmental Impact in the Arabian Gulf Region, Volume 3 (Hardcover, 3rd edition): M. Al-Azab, W.... Oil Pollution and its Environmental Impact in the Arabian Gulf Region, Volume 3 (Hardcover, 3rd edition)
M. Al-Azab, W. Elshorbagy, S. Al-Ghais
R4,024 Discovery Miles 40 240 Within 7 - 11 working days

Situated within the richest oil area in the world, the Arabian Gulf represents a stressed ecosystem with scarce published data and environmental studies.

The oil-related activities cause significant damages to different ecosystem components such as coral reefs, algal mats, mangrove and other habitats. In addition to the increasing potential of pollution and its adverse effect on the ecosystem, oil spills and relevant implications can severely affect the main source of desalinated water for the Gulf countries due to their limited water resources. Interest in pollution issues associated with Arabian Gulf has been growing in the last few years. These issues include identification and documentation of the major sources of oil pollution in the Gulf region, evaluation of the analytical methods used to identify the different types of pollutants, review of the recent advances in oil pollution impact treatment and prevention, develop stronger cooperation ties between interested members of the community, and encourage awareness of the oil pollution as a serious environmental problem in the region.

This book compiles recent studies addressing the above issues grouped in four categories; monitoring and characterizing oil spills, modeling the fate of pollutants and oil slicks in marine water, environmental effects of oil pollution on the ecosystem components, and combating, prevention and treatment of oil pollution.
* Studies oil pollution issues in association with the Arabian Gulf
* Compiles recent case studies conducted in the Arabian Gulf
* Addresses diverse topics related to pollution issues in the marine water in general and in the Arabian Gulf in particular

Silicate Glasses and Melts, Volume 10 - Properties and Structure (Paperback, New): Bjorn O Mysen, Pascal Richet Silicate Glasses and Melts, Volume 10 - Properties and Structure (Paperback, New)
Bjorn O Mysen, Pascal Richet
R3,859 Discovery Miles 38 590 Within 7 - 11 working days

This book describes the structure-property-composition relationships for silicate glasses and melts of industrial and geological interest. From Antiquity to the 20th century, an introductory chapter presents this subject in a historical perspective. Basic concepts are then discussed in three chapters where attention is paid to the glass transition and its various consequences on melt and glass properties, to the structural and physical differences between amorphous and crystalline silicates, and to the mutual relationships between local order, energetics and physical properties.

With pure SiO2 as a starting point, compositions of increasing chemical complexity are successively dealt with in a dozen chapters. The effects of network-modifying cations on structure and properties are first exemplified by alkali and alkaline earth elements. The specific influence of aluminum, iron, titanium, and phosphorus are then reviewed. With water, volatiles in the system COHS, noble gases, and halogens, the effects of volatile components are also described. The last chapter explains how the results obtained on simpler melts can be applied to chemically complex systems. In each chapter, physical and chemical properties are described first and followed by a review of glass and melt structure. When possible, pressure effects are also considered.
*From SiO2 to complex silicate compositions, the physical and chemical properties of melts and glasses of geological and industrial interest
*Structural characterization of melts and glasses, from ambient to high pressure and temperature
*From basic concepts to an advanced level, a consistent description of the structure-property-composition relationships in glasses and melts

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