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The new and fully updated edition of the definitive haematology textbook for undergraduate and postgraduate students and trainees Hoffbrand's Essential Haematology is widely regarded as the most authoritative introduction to the subject available, helping medical students and trainee doctors understand the essential principles of modern clinical and laboratory haematology for nearly four decades. Now in its eighth edition, this market-leading textbook introduces the formation and function of blood cells and the diseases that arise from dysfunction and disruption of these processes. Beautifully presented with over 300 stunning colour illustrations, the new edition has been thoroughly updated to reflect recent advances in knowledge of the pathogenesis of blood diseases and their diagnosis and treatment. This new text: Describes disorders and diseases of the blood such as the various anaemias and white cell disorders, leukaemias, lymphomas and myeloma, as well as bleeding and thrombotic disorders Incorporates the latest World Health Organization (WHO) classification of haematological neoplastic diseases Reviews contemporary application of multiparameter flow cytometry, DNA sequencing and other technologies in evaluating patients with suspected haematological disease Discusses the therapeutic use of chimeric antigen T-cells, mono- and bi-specific monoclonal antibodies, inhibitors of intracellular signalling pathways and direct orally acting anticoagulants Includes sections on blood transfusion and the haematological aspects of systemic diseases, pregnancy and the neonate Hoffbrand's Essential Haematology is a vital resource for all students and trainees, and a valuable reference for practicing specialists wishing to update their knowledge.
Neonatal hematology is a fast-growing field, and the majority of sick neonates will develop hematological problems. This is an essential guide to the pathogenesis, diagnosis and management of hematologic problems in the neonate. Guidance is practical, including blood test interpretation, advice on transfusions and reference ranges for hematological values. Chapters have been thoroughly revised according to the latest advances in the field for this updated third edition. Topics discussed include erythrocyte disorders, platelet disorders, leukocyte disorders, immunologic disorders and hemostatic disorders. Coverage of oncological issues has been expanded to two separate chapters on leukemia and solid tumors, making information more easily accessible. Approaches to identifying the cause of anemia in a neonate are explained, with detailed algorithms provided to aid clinicians in practice. Covering an important hematologic niche with an ever increasing amount of specialized knowledge, this book is a valuable resource for hematologists, neonatologists and pediatricians.
This comprehensive, superbly illustrated reference is designed to provide practical diagnostic assistance for hematopathologists when dealing with common and uncommon lesions in bone marrow trephine biopsies (BMTBs). At the heart of the book is a systematic analysis of neoplastic hematological and non-hematological disease entities, with concise identification of the key features of myeloproliferative neoplasms, myelodysplastic syndromes, acute and chronic leukemias, eosinophilia-associated myeloid/lymphoid neoplasms, lymphoproliferative disorders, and selected non-hematopoietic malignancies. Relevant examples of BMTBs are presented, with microscopic description, high-quality photomicrographs, and clinical data. The book also explains how to assess hematopoietic and stromal components of normal BMTBs, identifies the heterogeneous patterns that may be observed in healthy individuals, and analyzes reactive conditions, with particular attention to diagnostic problems and pitfalls.
Powerfully involving narrative and incisive detail, clarity and inherent drama: Blood offers in abundance the qualities that define the best popular science writing. Here is the sweeping story of a substance that has been feared, revered, mythologized, and used in magic and medicine from earliest times--a substance that has become the center of a huge, secretive, and often dangerous worldwide commerce.
Winner of the Los Angeles Times Book Prize, Blood was described by judges as "a gripping page-turner, a significant contribution to the history of medicine and technology and a cautionary tale. Meticulously reported and exhaustively documented."
The latest edition of this text provides a practical reference for physicians and other health care providers caring for patients with gastrointestinal bleeding. Similar to the previous edition, this volume addresses common problems associated with gastrointestinal bleeding and discusses in a logical and step-wise fashion appropriate options for patient care. The text is structured based on the location of bleeding, with common, rare and unknown sources being addressed. It also includes updated and new chapters focusing on the newest advances in imaging and interventional modalities in the care of patients with GI bleeding, as well as highly practical presentations of typical patients seen in clinical practice. Written by world renowned experts in gastrointestinal diseases, Gastrointestinal Bleeding: A Practical Approach to Diagnosis and Management, Second Edition is a valuable resource in the management of gastrointestinal bleeding both for those currently in training and for those already in clinical practice.
This book is a methodological source on mice models of vascular diseases. Covering various areas, each chapter is written by a pioneering researcher who has developed an original vascular disease model. Notoriously difficult to reproduce, each model is described in detail and numerous photographs are provided with links to videos. Genetically modified mice are a very powerful tool for studying the pathogenesis of various diseases, including immunological and oncological disorders, but they had always been thought to be too small to be used in the field of cardiovascular disease. Recently, however, various mice models of vascular diseases have been reported, and these will make a substantial contribution to basic research on cardiovascular and metabolic disorders.
This book presents a general introduction to and review of HIV-associated hematological malignancies, with a special focus on practical management issues. Each of the relevant malignancies is addressed individually, with an overview of treatment approaches, assessment of evidence regarding their efficacy, and discussion of therapeutic controversies. In addition, careful consideration is paid to issues in molecular and clinical pathology, epidemiological aspects, symptomatology, diagnosis, and risk factors. Separate chapters are devoted to autologous and allogeneic stem cell transplantation and to chemotherapy and interactions with antiretroviral agents. Many of the chapters are written by experts who have been instrumental in shifting the balance for people living with HIV and blood cancers. While two decades ago this diagnosis represented a death sentence, advances in treatment have transformed these cancers into often curable conditions. Nevertheless, optimal treatment of hematological malignancies remains a challenge, particularly in patients with severe immunosuppression. This book will be an invaluable source of information for all practitioners in the fields of clinical hematology and medical oncology and HIV medicine.
This book is a wide-ranging guide to the diagnosis and management of the numerous medical and surgical complications that may arise in patients with sickle cell anemia. After introductory chapters on the genetics, pathophysiology, clinical features, and variants of sickle cell anemia, the complications observed in different parts of the body are addressed in a series of well-illustrated chapters. The coverage includes splenic, hepatobiliary, musculoskeletal, gastrointestinal, ophthalmological, cardio- and cerebrovascular, and renal complications, as well as acute chest syndrome, leg ulcers, hand and foot syndrome, acute appendicitis, and priapism. Treatment-oriented chapters consider perioperative management, blood transfusion therapy, hydroxyurea treatment, hematopoietic stem cell transplantation, and emerging strategies. The book is clearly written in a distinctive bullet point format for ease of reference and emphasizes especially aspects of practical significance. It will be of value for hematologists, general surgeons, internists, pediatricians, pediatric surgeons, fellows, residents, medical students, and nurses.
This book gives a complete description of online hemodiafiltration, in five sections. It is unique in the systematic and complete way in which hemodiafiltration is described. Each chapter is completed by a point-to-point summary of essential information, in a separate text box. Part of the book is dedicated to the theoretical background of convective clearance. In this part, safety issues and quality control is reviewed (especially on the quality of water for dialysis and substitution fluid), as well as equipment (both dialyzers and machines) with which this treatment can be performed. As recently the results of several randomized controlled trials were available, the effect of hemodiafiltration on hard clinical end points (mortality and morbidity) is discussed in detail. This has not been done before, as the most recent book/journal on hemodiafiltration was published in 2011, before the results of the 3 randomized controlled trials were published. Furthermore, the methodological quality of the trials is discussed by an expert, in order to help the readers in their judgment of the trials Part of the book concentrates on the effect of the treatment on several biomarkers and uremic toxins. Several clinically relevant issues is discussed separately, such as the prescription of anticoagulation during the treatment, drug prescription and clearance for patients treated with hemodiafiltration, and hemodynamic stability. Finally, a practical guide on how to perform the treatment is provided. In this unique section, seemingly simple but important details of hemodiafiltration-treatment is discussed, such as the importance of needle size for blood flow rates, the difference between filtration fraction and substitution ratio, the different targets that can be set and how to reach them. As most literature is mainly focused on theoretical issues, this unique feature really will help the field to perform hemodiafiltration, and answer practical questions.
Offers clear and concise instruction on running, reporting and interpreting immunophenotyping studies Written by two well-known haematology educators and experts on the topic, Immunophenotyping for Haematologists contains an introduction to running, reporting and interpreting immunophenotyping studies. The book offers a unique approach to the topic by putting the focus on clinical and laboratory haematologists who are not routinely involved in running and reporting on immunophenotyping studies. Immunophenotyping using flow cytometry has become the method of choice in identifying and sorting cells within complex populations, for example, the analysis of immune or neoplastic cells in a blood sample. The text reviews the purpose and principles of immunophenotyping and includes an introduction and explanation of the principles and the role of immunophenotyping. The authors examine immunophenotypic characteristics of the disease groups commonly encountered and identify the features that differentiate malignant cells from normal cells. To enhance understanding, the book contains multiple choice and extended matching questions which integrates immunophenotyping with clinicopathological features and the results of other investigations to mimic everyday practice. This important book: Provides a concise introduction to running, reporting and interpreting immunophenotyping studies Contains a list of all the antibody specificities currently widely used in diagnosis and disease monitoring Presents an ideal reference for use in laboratories, including immunophenotyping laboratories Aids in the interpretation by covering immunophenotypic characteristics of commonly encountered disease groups Identifies the features that differentiate malignant cells from their normal counterparts Written for haematologists working in both laboratory and clinical haematology, Immunophenotyping for Haematologists is a much-needed reference for understanding and interpreting immunophenotyping studies.
This book focuses on hematopoietic and lymphoid neoplasms that initially present as peripheral blood abnormalities, with either cytopenias or elevated peripheral blood counts, as well as non-neoplastic conditions that may raise concern for a hematologic malignancy. The scope of the book includes myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS), myeloproliferative neoplasms (MPN), mixed myelodysplastic/myeloproliferative neoplasms (MDS/MPN), as well as lymphomas and lymphoid leukemias that typically present initially with peripheral blood abnormalities. Within each category, a comprehensive list of differential diagnoses is discussed. For each disease entity, the reader is updated with new molecular genetic data, biomarkers, and recent applications of immunophenotyping, and how to incorporate the new information in disease diagnosis and classifications is illustrated, including the use of diagnostic algorithms where appropriate. The book employs the revised WHO Classification of Hematopoietic Neoplasms for all disease entities. Diagnosis of Blood and Bone Marrow Disorders will serve as a very useful resource for pathologists, pathologists in training, hematologists and medical technologists who are involved in the clinical work-up of patients with bone marrow and blood neoplasms. It will provide a practical and concise yet comprehensive review.
Are you constantly exhausted? Does sleep not refresh you? Is your balance not what it was? Do you have tingling or even burning in your fingers and toes? Then your problem may be vitamin B12 deficiency. Your doctor may test you for this but your blood levels look OK so what should you do then? Or you may receive treatment but not feel any better? This book is a guide to the complexities of this deceptively simple problem - how it can be diagnosed, how it can be treated, and how those who have it can cope with the lifelong repercussions. Incorporating the latest research, and the input of the thousands of members of the Pernicious Anaemia Society, this book is both practical and engaging, illustrated with many personal stories that will resonate with sufferers and their friends and families.
This book provides a comprehensive, state-of-the art review of hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) for sickle cell disease (SCD). The book reviews new data about risk prediction for severe SCD, outlines the unique challenges of HSCT for patients with SCD, profiles the supportive care guidelines for patients who are undergoing HSCT, highlights our current understanding of the best transfusion support for SCD patients prior to, during and after HSCT, and provides new perspectives about the ethics of HSCT for pediatric patients with SCD. Published in the last few years, several landmark phase III trials that utilize matched unrelated and haploidentical donors for HSCT in SCD patients are also placed in context with respect to current management. Written by experts in the field, Sickle Cell Disease and Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation is a valuable resource for physicians and researchers dealing with and interested in this challenging, yet exciting, curative therapy for sickle cell disease, that will help guide patient management and stimulate investigative efforts.
This special topic issue of 'Acta Haematalogical' contains contributions discussing the subject in-depth. 'Acta Haematalogical' is a well-respected, international peer-reviewed journal in hematology. Special topic issues are included in the subscription
This book provides a concise yet comprehensive summary of the current state of knowledge concerning the pathophysiology, differential diagnosis and treatment options that support day-to-day patient management. It reviews a variety of treatments including TOP-R antagonists, along with Syk inhibitor, which has recently proven to be effective, enabling readers to update and broaden their knowledge of the disease. Covering topics ranging from basic science to clinical practice, Autoimmune Thrombocytopenia will appeal to a wide readership, from medical interns and residents to clinicians and hematologists, offering them a thought-provoking, instructive and informative collection of cutting-edge works. Accordingly, readers will gain an overview of the autoimmune and other causes of the disease, and the book will serve as a foundation for new research directions that further our understanding of the pathophysiology and development of diagnosis and treatment options.p>
This volume provides a comprehensive and state-of-the-art overview of the major issues specific to managing bleeding patients. The sections of the book have been structured to review the overall scope of issue, among them bleeding conditions, managing bleeding including clearing patients for surgery, and massive bleeding during surgery. Reflecting the multidisciplinary care that is an integral part of managing bleeding patients, the book is written by authors from a variety of integrated disciplines, including transfusion medicine, hematology, pediatric hematology, critical care medicine, pediatric critical care medicine, obstetrics, and anesthesia. The volume also includes brief etiology and a practical reference guide regarding type of blood components, medication, dose, and duration. Management of Bleeding Patients is a valuable resource for clinicians working in the area of bleeding management.
This comprehensive atlas is unique in being devoted to the MRI appearances of bone marrow in the axial and appendicular skeleton of adults and children. Normal MRI findings, including common variants and degenerative changes, are first documented. MRI appearances in the entire spectrum of neoplastic and non-neoplastic infiltrative marrow disorders are then presented, with accompanying explanatory text. Among the conditions considered are multiple myeloma, the acute and chronic leukemias, diffuse metastases, diffuse lymphomas, the anemias, polycythemia vera, myelofibrosis, storage disorders, and infections. Characteristic changes to bone marrow following various forms of treatment are also displayed and discussed. The selected images reflect the use of a variety of sequences and techniques, such as fat suppression, chemical shift imaging, and contrast-enhanced imaging.
This book gives a comprehensive insight into platelet biogenesis, platelet signal transduction, involvement of platelets in disease, the use of diverse animal models for platelet research and future perspectives in regard to platelet production and gene therapy. Being written by international experts, the book is a concise state-of-the art work in the field of platelet biogenesis, biology and research. It represents an indispensable tool for research scientists in biomedicine, vascular biology, hematopoiesis and hemostasis and specifically for scientists in platelet research, as well as for clinicians in the field of hematology and transfusion medicine.
This book provides an updated overview of agammaglobulinemia, a rare form of primary immunodeficiency which is considered the prototype of the congenital humoral defects, and which is characterized by the absence of peripheral B cells and very low serum immunoglobulin levels. The book opens by discussing the highly orchestrated early B cell development in the bone marrow and the genes involved based on both human and animal models. The pathogenesis and clinical presentation of X-linked agammaglobulinemia, caused by mutations in the BTK (Bruton's tyrosine kinase) gene, are then presented in detail, followed by descriptions of the clinical manifestations and molecular basis of the less frequent autosomal recessive and autosomal dominant forms of agammaglobulinemia. Patients' management in terms of respiratory complications, gammaglobulin replacement therapy and the potential value of novel experimental therapeutic strategies are discussed. The book's closing chapters offer a comprehensive and updated description of mutations in the BTK gene, and the expression and function of BTK in cells other than B cells.
Better therapy of acute leukemias depends ultimately on better understanding of the distinction between leukemic and normal progenitor cells. This hugely important new book describes the current knowledge of acute leukemia biology and discusses new classification systems that have arisen as a result of emerging insights into pathogenesis. Estey, Faderl and Kantarjian, who all work at the respected Anderson Cancer Center in Houston, Texas, USA, examine in detail advances in the treatment of particular types of acute leukemia. Their book also covers the management of acute leukemia in general as well as the development of new therapies. This book will be extremely useful to clinicians.
This book examines in detail the current treatment options for first-line, relapsed, and refractory Hodgkin lymphoma and the management appropriate in special clinical circumstances, including in the elderly, pregnant women, and those with lymphocyte-predominant disease. Careful attention is devoted to the emerging individually tailored treatment strategies that are especially appealing given their potential to reduce early and late treatment side effects in this generally young patient population. In addition, clear guidance is provided on the management of Hodgkin survivors. Other topics addressed include epidemiology, pathogenesis, the role of the microenvironment, initial clinical evaluation, imaging diagnosis, use of staging systems, and prognostic factors. The second edition of Hodgkin Lymphoma: A Comprehensive Overview has been revised and updated by the key opinion leaders to reflect recent progress in the field. It will be of great value to hematologists, oncologists, and all others with an interest in Hodgkin lymphoma.
An updated, essential guide for the laboratory diagnosis of haemoglobin disorders This revised and updated third edition of Haemoglobinopathy Diagnosis offers a comprehensive review of the practical information needed for an understanding of the laboratory diagnosis of haemoglobin disorders. Written in a concise and approachable format, the book includes an overview of clinical and laboratory features of these disorders. The author focuses on the selection, performance, and interpretation of the tests that are offered by the majority of diagnostic laboratories. The book also explains when more specialist tests are required and explores what specialist referral centres will accomplish. The information on diagnosis is set in a clinical context. The third edition is written by a leading haematologist with a reputation for educational excellence. Designed as a practical resource, the book is filled with illustrative examples and helpful questions that can aide in the retention of the material presented. Additionally, the author includes information on the most recent advances in the field. This important text: - Contains a practical, highly illustrated, approach to the laboratory diagnosis of haemoglobin disorders - Includes "test-yourself" questions and provides an indispensable tool for learning and teaching - Presents new material on antenatal screening/prenatal diagnostic services - Offers myriad self-assessment case studies that are ideal for the trainee Written for trainees and residents in haematology, practicing haematologists, and laboratory scientists, Haemoglobinopathy Diagnosis is an essential reference and learning tool that provides a clear basis for understanding the diagnosis of haemoglobin disorders.
This book provides a complete overview of all aspects of angiogenesis in dermatology. This is a guide to the principles of angiogenesis that will allow all involved in dermatology from the medical student and nurse practitioner to the experienced dermatologist to apply these principles for the treatment of patients. Angiogenesis is a principle that can be used to guide treatment of diseases of any organ system. Dermatology may be the first specialty to be guided by the principle of angiogenesis because the lesions are visible and response can be easily monitored. Dermatologists already inhibit angiogenesis as part of their treatment of multiple common dermatologic disorders, including acne, warts, and nonmelanoma skin cancer.
This text provides a comprehensive overview of the essential concepts and malignancies of hematology. Now in its second edition, the book reviews every major hematologic disorder and disease entity in thorough detail, from incidence and prevalence to patient and treatment-related issues. Formatted in an organized and easy-to-read outline style to facilitate rapid learning and information processing, the book allows readers to easily locate topics of immediate interest without wading through entire sections to obtain the desired data. Written by a diverse range of experts in the field, Concise Guide to Hematology, Second Edition is a valuable resource for clinicians, residents, trainees, and entry-level fellows who work in or are just entering the field of hematology.
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