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The proposed book presents an overview of select theories in the classical Vaisesika system of Indian philosophy, such as the concept of categories, creation and existence, atomic theory, consciousness and cognition. It also expounds in detail the concept of dharma, the idea of the highest good and expert testimony as a valid means of knowing in Vaisesika thought. Some of the major themes discussed are the religious inclination of Vaisesika thought towards Pasupata Saivism, the affiliation of the Vaisesika System to the basic foundations of Indian philosophical thought, namely Veda and Yoga, and their insights into science, hermeneutics and metaphysics. In addition, this book includes recent Sanskrit commentaries on key Vaisesika texts and provides a glimpse of Vaisesika studies across the world. Overall, this book enunciates the Vaisesika view from original sources and is an important work for Vaisesika studies in current times for serious students as well as researchers.
A stunning collection of maze art that takes the coloring phenomenon one step beyond. Elizabeth Carpenter offers a compelling twist on the genre that will inspire both creativity and curiosity. Contemplative and calming to color, Elizabeth Carpenter's 30 mandalas also offer delightfully challenging mazes running through her striking designs. Very different from the childhood mazes you're familiar with, each of these intricate puzzles exercises the critical part of the brain as you work your way through the winding paths. 2018 WINNER: National Indie Excellence Book Award; Independent Press Distinguished Favorite Book Award; Body, Mind, Spirit Book Award; Family Choice Book Award; Creative Child Magazine Book of the Year Award; Living Now Awards Gold Medal Winner
HEALTH / MEDITATIONKundalini is the primordial life force that enlivens, vivifies, and motivates our body and mind. In the entire realm of yoga nothing is more misunderstood and sought after. Coiled at the base of the spine like a slumbering serpent, kundalini when awakened can become a geyser of energy that leads to greater creativity, heightened awareness, and states of ecstasy. It can improve health, alertness, and mood. On this cassette, Chris Kilham explains kundalini and introduces time-honored meditation techniques for safely increasing its flow within the body. Kilham draws on twenty-five years of personal yoga experience to lead you through the basics necessary for establishing a personal meditation practice. Sections on the background of kundalini and the chakras, breathing exercises, and good meditation habits give you the foundation to begin awakening your own kundalini. Kilham describes some of the incredible inner realms that kundalini may transport you to, and tells you what to do when you get there. In addition, there are four meditations designed to help you gradually achieve higher states of mental clarity. The Chakra Meditation infuses your chakra system with energy and moves your consciousness to higher centers of thought. The Silver Cord Meditation helps you to connect to the universe's limitless stream of energy. The Nad Yoga Meditation teaches you to hear nada, the vibrational sound current that courses through the universe. A final meditation combines the previous techniques and allows you to experience the oneness of all things, an indescribable experience and the ultimate goal of all meditation. CHRIS KILHAM has taught classes on yoga and meditation throughoutthe United States. He is the author of many books, including Inner Power, The Whole Food Bible, and The Five Tibetans, an introduction to his yoga techniques.
Perhaps the best known of all Hindu deities is Shiva and known as a god of the people. He is also a god of paradox, appearing to live out two extremely contradictory lives. He is depicted in the Puranas as wild, recklessly austere and even ferociously destructive. At the same time we hear of his compassionate and merciful nature. The stories of this complex god, such as how he swallowed a pool of poison that threatened to destroy the world, make for an engaging and mystifying read! Shiva features generous illustration by both traditional and contemporary Indian artists.
The feminine dimension of the Divine is omnipresent, vivant and alive in Hinduism. Many scholars, particularly women, have undertaken research into the nature and worship of Hindu goddesses and thus have augmented our knowledge of previously little-known, yet complex scared figures. This work pays great attention to local details and differences between individual Indian goddesses, details relating to their diverse locations, their rich phenomenology, here documented by visual evidence, their presence and power in people's lives, and the joyous celebration of their existence and influence through numerous rituals and festivities. Many of the book's nuanced observations and conclusions raise questions about earlier goddess research and invite the reader to a new evaluation of the significance of dynamic goddess beliefs and practices in Indian culture.
'The most humane account of partition I've read ... We need a candid conversation about our past and this is an essential' Nikesh Shukla, Observer 'The book of 2019 that opened my eyes more than anything else. Seminal work, beautifully told' Emily Maitlis The division of the Indian subcontinent in 1947 into India and Pakistan saw millions uprooted and resulted in unspeakable violence. It happened far away, but it would shape modern Britain. Dotted across homes in Britain are people who were witnesses to one of the most tumultuous events of the twentieth century. But their memory of Partition has been shrouded in silence. In her eye-opening and timely work, Kavita Puri uncovers remarkable testimonies from former subjects of the Raj who are now British citizens - including her father. Weaving a tapestry of human experience over seven decades, Puri reveals a secret history of ruptured families and friendships, extraordinary journeys and daring rescue missions that reverberates with compassion and loss. It is a work that breaks the silence and confronts the difficult truths at the heart of Britain's shared past with South Asia.
The Bhagavad Gita, "The Song of the Lord," is probably the best known of all the Indian scriptures, and Easwaran's clear, accessible translation is the best-selling edition. The Gita opens dramatically, with prince Arjuna collapsing in anguish on the brink of a war that he doesn't want to fight. Arjuna has lost his way on the battlefield of life, and turns to his spiritual guide, Sri Krishna, the Lord himself. Krishna replies in 700 verses of sublime instruction on living and dying, loving and working, and the nature of the soul. This book includes an extensive and very readable introduction, which places the Gita in its historical setting, explains the key concepts, and brings out the universality of its teachings. Individual chapter introductions prepare the reader for the main themes, and notes, a Sanskrit glossary, and an index are included. Although the battlefield is a perfect backdrop, for Easwaran the Gita's subject is the war within, the struggle for self-mastery that every human being must wage. Arjuna's dilemma is acutely modern, and the Gita's message remains as relevant for us now as it was for ancient India.
Carol Salomon dedicated over thirty years of her life to researching, translating, and annotating this compilation of songs by the Bengali poet and mystical philosopher Lalan Sai (popularly transliterated as Lalon) who lived in the village of Cheuriya in Bengal in the latter half of the nineteenth century. One major objective of his lyrical riddles was to challenge the restrictions of cultural, political, and sexual identity, and his songs accordingly express a longing to understand humanity, its duties, and its ultimate destiny. His songs also contain thinly veiled references to esoteric yogic practices (sadhana), including body-centered Hathayogic techniques that are related to those found in Buddhist, Kaula, Natha, and Sufi medieval tantric literature. Dr. Salomon's translation of the work is the first dedicated English translation of Lalan's songs to closely follow the Bangla text, with all of its dialectical variations, and is here produced alongside the original text. Although her untimely death left her work unpublished, the editors have worked diligently to reconstruct her translations from her surviving printed and handwritten manuscripts. The result is a finished product that can finally share her groundbreaking scholarship on Baul traditions with the world.
Translated by F Max-Muller, revised and with an Introduction by Suren Navlakha. Upanishads are mankind's oldest works of philosophy, predating the earliest Greek philosophy. They are the concluding part of the Vedas, the ancient Indian sacred literature, and mark the culmination of a tradition of speculative thought first expressed in the Rig-Veda more than 4000 years ago. Remarkable for their meditative depth, spirit of doubt and intellectual honesty, the Upanishads are concerned with the knowledge of the Brahman, the Ultimate Reality, and Man's relationship with it. The name Upanishad is derived from the face-to-face mode of imparting knowledge - in the utmost sanctity and secrecy, to prevent its trivialisation or perversion. Composed in Sanskrit between 900 and 600 BC, the Upanishads presented here are by far the oldest and most important of those that exist. Twelve were first translated more than a hundred years ago, and have been extensively revised and edited. The thirteenth is an entirely new translation by Suren Navlakha.
This book, based on the field survey, is about a village society in Bengal, and its relationship with Hindu kingship on the ritual organisation of an old temple. The village temple is well known for being one of 51 sakta-pithas scattered over the Indian subcontinent. Sakta-pithas mean centres of Sakti worship or seat of the Goddess Sati (another name of the Goddess Durga) in Bengali, where the body parts of the Goddess Sati fell to earth after she had been cut to pieces by the discus of Visnu. Every place believed to have a Satis limb became the centre for the worship of the Sakti-cult, or an abode of the goddess (pitha-sthan). The village temple prospered under the patronage of Maharaja Kirtichand (1702-40) of Bardhaman Raj, though the temple history is far older than this. At the beginning of British rule, the Royal family of Bardhaman became the largest zamindar in Bengal. They exercised great authority over the local society which is still observable in the various ritual processes. The temple organisation consists of the ritual posts and roles assigned to the various castes, lineages and household, which are fundamentally based on the kinship relations in the village. At the same time, the temple organisation is founded on the service tenures granted by the Bardhaman Raj since the early eighteenth century, and even the village untouchables are endowed with indispensable roles in the temple ritual as servants of the goddess. The analysis reveals the strong influences of the indigenous polity over ordinary life in the rural society.
For those who wonder what relation actual Tantric practices bear to
the "Tantric sex" currently being marketed so successfully in the
West, David Gordon White has a simple answer: there is none.
Sweeping away centuries of misunderstandings and
misrepresentations, White returns to original texts, images, and
ritual practices to reconstruct the history of South Asian Tantra
from the medieval period to the present day.
In the sixties, Transcendental Meditation, a Hindu-based movement, became fashionable as a way to therapy and psychological well-being -- especially after being endorsed by the Beatles and the Beach Boys. Its influence waned, ironically, after the courts decided that TM was a religion rather than a form of therapy, as TM had claimed. But its popularity helped open the doors to a wider acceptance of Eastern philosophy and religions in mainstream America. Another Americanized form of Hinduism is Hare Krishna. This volume and the volume on Buddhism in this series together present a comprehensive overview of Eastern religions, their views, and their impact on contemporary North America. Why this series? This is an age when countless groups and movements, old and new, mark the religious landscape in our culture, leaving many people confused or uncertain in their search for spiritual truth and meaning. Because few people have the time or opportunity to research these movements fully, these books provide essential information and insights for their spiritual journeys. All books but the summary volume, Truth and Error, contain five sections: -A concise introduction to the group being surveyed -An overview of the group s theology --- in its own words -Tips for witnessing effectively to members of the group -A bibliography with sources for further study -A comparison chart that shows the essential differences between biblical Christianity and the group -Truth and Error, the last book in the series, consists of parallel doctrinal charts compiled from all the other volumes. -Three distinctives make this series especially useful to readers: -Information is carefully distilled to bring out truly essential points, rather than requiring readers to sift their way through a sea of secondary details. -Information is presented in a clear, easy-to-follow outline form with menu bar running heads. This format greatly assists the reader in quickly locating topics and details of interest. -Each book meets the needs and skill levels of both nontechnical and technical readers, providing an elementary level of refutation and progressing to a more advanced level using arguments based on the biblical text. The writers of these volumes are well qualified to present clear and reliable information and help readers to discern truth from falsehood."
The present volume forms the ninth in a series of proceedings of the triennial International Conference on Early Devotional Literature in New Indo-Aryan Languages which was held in Heidelberg, Germany in 2003. The conference covered a wide range of topics relating to the Bhakti tradition. The volume unites twenty contributions which reflect original research carried out by their authors in the period between 2001 and 2003. For all their diversity, not a few of the articles bring to mind that the term Bhakti is a locus where various concepts and often composite religious identities meet. As the focus of the conference was on the northern vernacular traditions, with no Sanskrit and little Dravidian material being discussed, the contributions represent facets of a broad South Asian religious and literary complex, of which Indic and Islamicate traditions as well as a whole gamut of literary languages is constitutive. The contributions address literary genres and historiography, manuscriptology, painting, hagiography, various sects, musical practice as related to Bhakti authors and sects, and the interface of Yoga and the Indic and Islamicate traditions, respectively. An indispensable volume for scholars of South Asian religion and culture.
For scholars of ancient Indian religions, the wandering mendicants who left home and family for a celibate life and the search for liberation represent an enigma. The Vedic religion, centered on the married household, had no place for such a figure. Much has been written about the Indian ascetic but hardly any scholarly attention has been paid to the married householder with wife and children, generally referred to in Sanskrit as grhastha: "the stay-at-home." The institution of the householder is viewed implicitly as posing little historical problems with regard to its origin or meaning. This volume problematizes the figure of the householder within ancient Indian culture and religion. It shows that the term grhastha is a neologism and is understandable only in its opposition to the ascetic who goes away from home (pravrajita). Through a thorough and comprehensive analysis of a wide range of inscriptions and texts, ranging from the Vedas, Dharmasastras, Epics, and belle lettres to Buddhist and Jain texts and texts on governance and erotics, this volume analyses the meanings, functions, and roles of the householder from the earliest times unti about the fifth century CE. The central finding of these studies is that the householder bearing the name grhastha is not simply a married man with a family but someone dedicated to the same or similar goals as an ascetic while remaining at home and performing the economic and ritual duties incumbent on him. The grhastha is thus not a generic householder, for whom there are many other Sanskrit terms, but a religiously charged concept that is intended as a full-fledged and even superior alternative to the concept of a religious renouncer.
When read superficially, the opening chapter of this text tells of a great war between opposing factions. When interpreted as an allegory the esoteric meaning portrays a drama far more significant than any transitory historical event. What is revealed: (1) the progress of the soul's awakening from self-conscious involvements with physical and psychological circumstances to realisation of its true nature as pure consciousness; (2) the challenges commonly confronted during the process; (3) liberating knowledge that removes awareness from all that is suppressive and restrictive. Roy Eugene Davis is a widely-travelled teacher of meditation and spiritual growth processes, the author of several books, and director of Centre for Spiritual awareness with offices and a retreat centre in the northeast Georgia mountains. He is a direct disciple of Paramahansa Yogananda.
This is an authoritative, uncompromising, altogether real guide to spiritual practice. Rohini Ralby spent eight years as head of security, appointments secretary, and personal assistant to the great Swami Muktananda, and in their many hours alone together, this world-renowned guru taught her, one on one, the essence of spiritual practice. In Walking Home with Baba, an expert guide to spiritual practice, Rohini draws on that experience and her subsequent study and work as a spiritual director to convey, in clear and concise terms, what spiritual practice truly is: walking home, and retracing our way back to God -- to Absolute Truth, Absolute Consciousness, and Absolute Bliss. Walking Home with Baba combines intimate stories about Ms Ralby's own experiences with Muktananda and others with chapters explaining the actual work of spiritual practice. She provides tools that she has developed for freeing ourselves from misery. One chapter is perhaps the most masterfully clear and concise companion to the Yoga Sutras of Patanjali available today. Readers will learn not only about Ms Ralby's experience of travelling the path and being the close disciple of a great Guru; they will gain practical guidance in walking that path themselves.
Covering the earliest Sanskrit rulebooks through to the codification of 'Hindu law' in modern times, this interdisciplinary volume examines the interactions between Hinduism and the law. The authors present the major transformations to India's legal system in both the colonial and post colonial periods and their relation to recent changes in Hinduism. Thematic studies show how law and Hinduism relate and interact in areas such as ritual, logic, politics, and literature, offering a broad coverage of South Asia's contributions to religion and law at the intersection of society, politics and culture. In doing so, the authors build on previous treatments of Hindu law as a purely text-based tradition, and in the process, provide a fascinating account of an often neglected social and political history.
The Arthasastra is the foundational text of Indic political thought and ancient India's most important treatise on statecraft and governance. It is traditionally believed that politics in ancient India was ruled by religion; that kings strove to fulfil their sacred duty; and that sovereignty was circumscribed by the sacred law of dharma. Mark McClish's systematic and thorough evaluation of the Arthasastra's early history shows that these ideas only came to prominence in the statecraft tradition late in the classical period. With a thorough chronological exploration, he demonstrates that the text originally espoused a political philosophy characterized by empiricism and pragmatism, ignoring the mandate of dharma altogether. The political theology of dharma was incorporated when the text was redacted in the late classical period, which obscured the existence of an independent political tradition in ancient India altogether and reinforced the erroneous notion that ancient India was ruled by religion, not politics.
"The books line up on my shelf like bright Bodhisattvas ready to
take tough questions or keep quiet company. They stake out a vast
territory, with works from two millennia in multiple genres:
aphorism, lyric, epic, theater, and romance."
"No effort has been spared to make these little volumes as
attractive as possible to readers: the paper is of high quality,
the typesetting immaculate. The founders of the series are John and
Jennifer Clay, and Sanskritists can only thank them for an
initiative intended to make the classics of an ancient Indian
language accessible to a modern international audience."
"The Clay Sanskrit Library represents one of the most admirable
publishing projects now afoot. . . . Anyone who loves the look and
feel and heft of books will delight in these elegant little
"Published in the geek-chic format."
"Very few collections of Sanskrit deep enough for research are
housed anywhere in North America. Now, twenty-five hundred years
after the death of Shakyamuni Buddha, the ambitious Clay Sanskrit
Library may remedy this state of affairs."
aNow an ambitious new publishing project, the Clay Sanskrit
Library brings together leading Sanskrit translators and scholars
of Indology from around the world to celebrate in translating the
beauty and range of classical Sanskrit literature. . . . Published
as smart green hardbacks that are small enough to fit into a jeans
pocket, the volumes are meant to satisfy both the scholar and the
lay reader. Each volume has a transliteration of the original
Sanskrit texton the left-hand page and an English translation on
the right, as also a helpful introduction and notes. Alongside
definitive translations of the great Indian epics -- 30 or so
volumes will be devoted to the Maha-bharat itself -- Clay Sanskrit
Library makes available to the English-speaking reader many other
delights: The earthy verse of Bhartri-hari, the pungent satire of
Jayanta Bhatta and the roving narratives of Dandin, among others.
All these writers belong properly not just to Indian literature,
but to world literature.a
aThe Clay Sanskrit Library has recently set out to change the
scene by making available well-translated dual-language (English
and Sanskrit) editions of popular Sanskritic texts for the
The Book of Shalya recounts in gory detail the final destruction of the Kaurava army and the defeat of its leader, Dur-yodhana. In this first volume heroic duels and martial speeches abound as Shalya, the king of the Madras, is made general of the Kaurava army, only to be slaughtered in his turn.
The Book of Shalya recounts in gory detail the final destruction of the Kaurava army and the defeat of its leader, Duryodhana. In this first volume heroic duels and martial speeches abound as Shalya, the king of the Madras, is made general of the Kaurava army, only to be slaughtered in his turn.
Co-published by New York University Press and the JJC Foundation
For more on this title and other titles in the Clay Sanskrit series, please visit http: //www.claysanskritlibrary.org
A popular and critical success when it first appeared in France,
Yoga and the Hindu Tradition has freed Yoga from the common
misconceptions of the recent Yoga vogue. Jean Varenne, the
distinguished French Orientalist, presents the theory of classical
Yoga, in all its richness, as a method--a concrete way to reach the
Absolute through spiritual exercises--which makes possible the
transition from existence to essence.
In order to give a broader and more technical understanding of the philosophy underlying the Bhagavad-Gita, T Row, a distinguished Indian scholar, explores 'the nature of the cosmos, the nature of man, and the goal towards which all evolutionary progress is tending'. Presented from both a Brahmanical and theosophic viewpoint, "Notes" covers such topics as cosmic evolution, consciousness, the Logos, yoga, avataras, initiation, immortality, and the usage of many Sanskrit terms.
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