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Assisted reproductive technology (ART) now accounts for 13% of all live births in the western world. Several procedures that may be used in the ART process are hormonal stimulation, egg retrieval, in vitro fertilisation (IVF), intra-cytoplasmic sperm injection, micro-manipulation of gametes; and exposure to culture medium. Although these techniques are considered safe, in recent years evidence has been accumulating that ART may be associated with an increased risk of birth defects, low birth weight, and genetic imprinting disorders. This book provides current research in reproductive technology with a focus on Down's Syndrome screening in assisted conception pregnancies; sexed semen technology in buffalo breeding and reproductive technologies; a nation-wide study of assisted reproductive technology and multiple births and accompanied birth defects; and assisted reproductive technologies and the risk for autism spectrum disorder.
Providing a wealth of current and archival information This monograph is an exhaustive analysis of the biology of hemiphractid frogs, presenting results obtained over a 43-year period on 16 expeditions to Central and South America, Trinidad and Tobago and from several laboratories (Canada, Ecuador, Germany, and USA). The focus of this study is on chromosomes, but it also includes very detailed chapters on phylogeny, classification, biogeography, and especially on reproduction, oogenesis, spermatogenesis, and embryogenesis. Further notable sections are devoted to developmental biology, life history and population declines in hemiphractids. The major proportion of this book describes the karyotypes of 397 individuals representing 23 hemiphractid species. All karyotypes are illustrated by superb photographs selected from many hundreds taken. Modern techniques of preparation including special staining, molecular probes, in situ hybridization, and genome size measurements were used to generate these data which are also interpreted in context with the cytogenetic data published for other amphibian taxa or vertebrates. Providing a wealth of current and archival information on hemiphractid biology and cytogenetics, this monograph is recommended for specialists in the fields of zoology, herpetology, embryology and cytogenetics, as well as for students with an interest in vertebrate cytogenetics.
This book is a comprehensive guide to recent advances in the diagnosis and management of male infertility. Divided into six sections, it begins with an introduction to physiology, followed by diagnostic evaluation. The following chapters provide in depth coverage of treatment options for different infertility disorders, including medical and surgical options, intrauterine insemination (IUI) and assisted reproduction (ART). Written by an extensive editor and author team of experts from the US, Canada, the UK and Europe, this invaluable reference also includes more than 200 images, illustrations and tables. Key points Comprehensive guide to recent advances in diagnosis and management of male infertility Covers various treatment options - medical and surgical management, IUI and ART Extensive editor and author team from US, Canada, the UK and Europe Includes more than 200 images, illustrations and tables
This book explains how to promote and prolong "healthy ageing," which constitutes maintaining daily functioning and well-being until the end of life. In this context, the editor of the book and the international team of authors, all of whom are experts on the various aspects of ageing, demonstrate the value of this new approach in clinical practice. The systematic integration of a functional assessment, if not a complete and comprehensive geriatric assessment, is fundamental in daily clinical practice. Identifying risk factors at midlife will help to promote health at any age. Moreover, randomized control trials are making it increasingly clear that interventions could help ageing and elderly adults enjoy their remaining years without disability. Indeed, wellbeing will also increase, allowing elderly adults to stay independent until a very advanced age. The book also shows how considerable societal benefits can be easily forecast when more lifetime is spent without disability, followed by a dignified end of life. This book will be of interest to all medical doctors, general practitioners and organ specialists as well as geriatricians who want to have a complete overview of what healthy ageing means.
This Brief offers a concise, handy overview of the main concepts related to Embryology, revisited through the novel concepts that are applied daily in stem cell research and cell therapy oriented investigations.It isbased on three main areas:
-The process involved in female gamete differentiation and maturation. The main aspects related to cell biology will be covered and an overview of the epigenetic regulation of gametogenesis will be presented.
-Early stages of embryo development with a careful analysis of the regulatory mechanisms driving cleavage, polarization and genome activation.
-Stem cell and gametogenesis.
The use of the oocyte as a possible source for the derivation of stem cell lines is discussed and depicted as a powerful tool to investigate oocyte potency and asymmetric imprinting. The potential biological implications are evaluated and use of stem cells to derive oocytesis presented."
Part of a new series on reproductive medicine, this book is a complete guide to andrology and embryology. Divided into 38 chapters, the text begins with in depth discussion on male infertility covering sperm function tests, screening, sperm selection for ART, sperm banking, and various causes of male infertility. The second part of the book examines assisted reproductive techniques in male infertility, frozen embryo transfer, oocyte and embryo cryopreservation, third party reproduction, and more. The book presents the latest advances in the field and each chapter includes key points and references for further reading. Clinical photographs, diagrams and tables further enhance the comprehensive text. Other titles in the series include: Practical Guide in Infertility, Practical Guide in Reproductive Surgery and Practical Guide in Assisted Reproductive Technology. Key points Comprehensive guide to andrology and embryology Part of new series on reproductive medicine Covers numerous ART procedures for male infertility Chapters include key points and detailed references for further reading
Based on the author's fieldwork at assisted conception clinics in England in the mid-1990s, this is the first ethnographic study of the new procreative practices of anonymous ova and embryo donation. Giving voice to both groups of women participating in the demanding donation experience - the donors on the one side and the ever-hopeful IVF recipients on the other - Konrad shows how one dimension of the new reproductive technologies involves an unfamiliar relatedness between nameless and untraceable procreative strangers. Offsetting informants' local narratives against traditional Western folk models of the 'sexed' reproductive body, the book challenges some of the basic assumptions underlying conventional biomedical discourse of altruistic donation that clinicians and others promote as gifts of life.A" It brings together a wide variety of literatures from social anthropology, social theory, cultural studies of science and technology, and feminist bioethics to discuss the relationship between recent developments in biotechnology and changing conceptions of personal origins, genealogy, kinship, biological ownership and notions of bodily integrity.
The most important and the largest sex organ is located between the ears....and is commonly referred to as "the brain." Libido is a function of testosterone and erection is a function of free radicals. The very spark of life is fed by oxygen If you put out your free radical, oxidative fire, you extinguish your life If you douse your inner life-force spark, you smother your elan vital (life force). You can not live without your inner oxidative flame. Antioxidants pose a threat to the oxidative fire within. Oxygen and its electronically modified oxygen derivative (EMOD) progeny are the sine qua non (the essential condition) of man's very existence. This is an inarguable fact. Contrary to the common mantra of many authors, oxygen free radicals perform many crucial beneficial roles in sexual function and reproduction. Also contrary to popular claims, antioxidants are not the cure-all for sexual and reproductive problems. I have often said, "Man is the craziest critter on the planet." To back this up, I had suggested that all one had to do was to turn on the evening news or grab a newspaper. However, if you really want to see how crazy man is, just come with me through the history of aphrodisiacs and sexual prowess. So, let's undergo a reality check and scope out the history of these agents that claim to put more "zang in your wang," "zing in your thing" or greater "zippedy in your doo-da "
How and to what extent have Islamic legal scholars and Middle Eastern lawmakers, as well as Middle Eastern Muslim physicians and patients, grappled with the complex bioethical, legal and social issues that are raised in the process of attempting to conceive life in the face of infertility? This path-breaking volume explores the influence of Islamic attitudes on assisted reproductive technologies (ARTs) and reveals the variations in both the Islamic jurisprudence and the cultural responses to ARTs.
Carl Edward Sagan's (1934-1996) one of the famous quotation was "Who are we? We find that we live on an insignificant planet of a humdrum star lost in a galaxy tucked away in some forgotten corner of a universe in which there are far more galaxies than people." From past to date, well-known molecules, enzymes, proteins, lipids and carbohydrates are studied in the pathogenesis of several diseases both as a diagnostic/prognostic biomarker and therapeutic agent. The underlying mechanism of unexplained diseases and failure of therapies are frequently studied with well-known biomarkers, but remain unclear in many cases. As Dr. Sagan said other keys are still waiting to be known in some forgotten corner of a body universe, we find strength to propose that one of them can be the growth factor with cytokine activity named "Midkine" This book summarizes the extensive up-to-date literature overeview with the lastest work of experts about midkine in a detailed format that conveys its role as both a pathologic factor and therapeutic agent.
Americans age 65 and over are an important and growing segment of our population. Many federal agencies provide data on aspects of older Americans' lives, but it can be difficult to fit the pieces together. Thus, it has become increasingly important for policymakers and the general public to have an accessible, easy-to-understand portrait that shows how older Americans are faring. This book provides a comprehensive picture of our older population's health and well-being.
During the last decades as the population has become older, the demand for acute hospital care for elderly people has increased and gerontologically adjusted services have become the norm for the highest standard of care. Compared with younger adults, elderly patients have more severe illnesses, including worsened functional impairment and more frequent and longer hospitalisations. Additionally, diagnosis is often challenging because clinical presentations of common disorders may often be atypical in the elderly. When prescribing medications, physicians have to take into account the pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic changes observed with ageing. This book fills the gap in the literature available on acute geriatric care.
Scientific innovations such as donor insemination, surrogacy, IVF and embryo research have given rise to new, and hotly debated, ethical questions around human fertility and reproduction. This book introduces and probes ethical questions and challenges in a hands-on way by working through relevant case studies with key commentaries and activities. It engages the reader directly in ethical reasoning and decision-making and provides clear explanations, insightful commentaries and informed debate. These three books introduce key areas in current medical ethics to readers with no previous knowledge in the field. Structured around a variety of guided activities and real-life cases, the authors and cases represent a wide range of European backgrounds and professional disciplines, including medicine, bioethics, law, sociology, theology and philosophy. The general editor is Donna Dickenson, John Ferguson Professor at the University of Birmingham and Director of the Centre for the Study of Global Ethics. She is also the author of Death, Dying and Bereavement (Sage, 2000).
In this book, the authors present topical research in the study of the mental aspects, social welfare and health of the ageing population. Topics discussed include assessing the quality of life of the elderly population; age-related ophthalmic disease; assessment of the at-risk older driver; social services for the elderly in Hong Kong; increased lifespan for people with intellectual disabilities and locomotor disability in the aged.
This volume is a unique, multidisciplinary collection of scholarly reviews encompassing contemporary research on decision making and aging, including work on development and aging, and child and adolescent development. Decision Making over the Life Span presents contributions from a range of researchers at the forefront of this exciting new field that spans neuroscience, economics, and psychology.NOTE: "Annals" volumes are available for sale as individual books or as a journal. For information on institutional journal subscriptions, please visit http: //ordering.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/subs.asp?ref=1749-6632&doi=10.1111/(ISSN)1749-6632.ACADEMY MEMBERS: Please contact the New York Academy of Sciences directly to place your order (www.nyas.org). Members of the New York Academy of Science receive full-text access to "Annals" online and discounts on print volumes. Please visit http: //www.nyas.org/MemberCenter/Join.aspx for more information about becoming a member.
This workbook is a compilation of information gained at the 2011 training workshop "Human Spermatozoa and Assisted Conception." Written by international experts in assisted reproductive technologies, each chapter provides practical information, step by step procedures and protocols, supplies and equipment, and references.
A Common Thread is a collection of sixteen brave and honest accounts of fertility issues and miscarriage. Each journey is unique; yet each contributor shares truthfully from their heart the highs and lows they have been through; how their journey has affected their faith and how God has brought them through. Although the physical, emotional and mental toll can be unbearable for those who find themselves facing these battles, there is hope. Within this book you will read the stories of those who have experienced successful IVF, failed IVF, multiple miscarriages, miscarriage after having children, adoption, miracle births, and those who have never been able to have children. Although we all experience the journey differently, we all share 'a common thread' of understanding. You are not alone.
This book presents research in the field of communications ranging from infancy to the elderly. Topics discussed include the role of symbolic play in early literacy development; ageing and the use of electronic speech generating devices in hospitals; sound spectrographic cry analysis and mother's perceptions of their infant's crying; caregiver awareness of dementia patients and the educational needs of elderly deaf persons.
Assisted reproductive technologies (ART) include the artificial or partially artificial methods to achieve pregnancy. These new technologies lead to substantial changes regarding of ethical and legal aspects in reproductive medicine. The book focuses on current hot topics about ethical dilemmas in ART, e.g. about the duties of ethical committees, guidelines regarding informed consent, ethical and legal aspects of sperm donation, embryo donation, ethics of embryonic stem cells, therapeutical cloning, patenting of human genes, commercialization.
The central question of this book is whether or not particular cell entities of human origin ought to be considered human beings. The answer is crucial for making moral decisions for or against research and experimentation. Experts in the field discuss the production of embryonic-like pluripotent stem cells by altered nuclear transfer, parthenogenesis and reprogramming of adult somatic cells. They thoroughly analyse the biological and moral status of different cell entities, such as human stem cells, embryos and human-animal hybrid embryos, and make a decisive step towards establishing final criteria for what constitutes a human being. The topic is challenging in nature and of broad interest to all those concerned with current bioethical thought on embryonic human life and its implications for society.
The second edition of Male Reproductive Dysfunction has been completely updated to present the most recent information on the subject. The book begins with a brief historical review of reproductive science, and then examines make reproductive anatomy and physiology, and the various causes of infertility. An updated chapter on the role of Assisted Reproductive Technology (ART) is included, as well as discussion on the psychological impact of infertility. Well-illustrated diagrams and tables help explain the different causes and their treatment.
Ageing has become a global concern. Covering a wide variety of topics this reference book will help to fill a gap in Indian resources available to practitioners and to the general public. As life expectancy increases so too does the need for information on improving the health of the increasing elderly population. This book covers a range of issues often experienced by ageing people. This book promotes healthy lifestyle choices through person-centred education and decision-making.
"The Placenta: From Development to Disease" examines research into placental function and its clinical implications to provide a springboard for improving clinical practice and enhancing medical research. Influential information is extracted from the compelling narrative by the use of 'take home' features including: Clinical Pearls - point to important issues in clinical practiceResearch Spotlights - highlight key insights into placental understandingTeaching Points - explain basic concepts for novice readers
"The Placenta: From Development to Disease" is ideal for both experienced clinicians and researchers and those new to the field. Anyone who needs to understand the central importance of the placenta in the well being of their maternal and fetal patients should read this book.
This scarce antiquarian book is included in our special Legacy Reprint Series. In the interest of creating a more extensive selection of rare historical book reprints, we have chosen to reproduce this title even though it may possibly have occasional imperfections such as missing and blurred pages, missing text, poor pictures, markings, dark backgrounds and other reproduction issues beyond our control. Because this work is culturally important, we have made it available as a part of our commitment to protecting, preserving and promoting the world's literature.
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