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South African higher education students have for the years 2015 and 2016 stood up to demand not only a free education but a decolonised, African-focused education. The calls for decolonisation of knowledge are the ultimate call for freedom. Without the decolonisation of knowledge, Africans may feel their liberation is inchoate and their efforts to shed Western dominance all come to naught.
Over the years various African leaders including Steve Biko wrote about the need to decolonise knowledge. The call for decolonisation is largely being equated with the search for an African identity that looks critically at Western hegemony. Biko sought the black people to understand their origins; to understand black history and affirm black identity. These are all embedded in the struggle to decolonise and search for African values and identities.
The contributors in this book treat several but connected themes that define what Africa and the diaspora require for a society devoid of colonialism and ready for a renewed Africa. “The discussions we develop and the philosophies we adopt on Pan Africanism and decolonisation are due to a bigger vision and for many of us the destination is African renaissance”. Everyone has a role to play in realising African renaissance; government, churches, universities, schools, cultural organisations all have a role to play in this endeavour.
Solidarity Road tells the story of Jan Theron’s involvement in the Food and Canning Workers Union (FCWU) during apartheid South Africa. Part memoir, part history this fascinating tale will reveal what working conditions were like in the 1970’s. It outlines the very beginnings of the Congress of South African Trade Unions (COSATU).
Theron states, ‘Solidarity in a trade union does not simply mean standing by your members, or by organised workers. It means solidarity with your class. At the time, in 1976, the working class was fragmented. Working for a trade union was part of a project to unite a fragmented class, and to give it a voice. This was the historical project to which a number of people from a certain intellectual background were drawn. This would be our contribution to the struggle: what we did to end apartheid. It was a struggle for democracy, but democracy did not just mean everyone getting to vote every so often in national elections. People also had to eat.
The most obvious way in which the working class was then fragmented was in terms of race. The Union put its commitment to solidarity into practice by uniting workers of different races in factories manufacturing food. To do so it had to overcome divisions among workers created by the ways in which government had structured employment, in terms of the law, which the bosses were able to exploit. Nowadays ‘bosses’ seems like a dated term, yet this is the term workers used to refer to the people for whom they actually worked. It is also no less important today than it was then to differentiate between those who control the factories and mines and those who operate at their behest.
In 1973 the trade union movement was both racially and regionally divided. It virtually excluded African workers, and in many cases unions were led by cautious and paternalistic leaders, long schooled in avoiding confrontation with either the state or employers. Then widespread strikes erupted in Durban where hundreds of thousands of workers downed tools in support of wage demands. It was a militant explosion unprecedented since the apartheid government had crushed and outlawed mass demonstrations against segregation and 'whites-only' rule. And it provided the impetus for the next decade and a half of trade union organisation, which succeeded in uniting workers on a largely non-racial basis, dominated by the slogan 'one industry one union'.
Maverick Insider is an anecdotal, insider's account of the transformation during this period in the textile, clothing and leather worker sectors. It focuses on the outlooks of leadership groups in different parts of that industry and their efforts to influence the nature of the amalgamation of six unions to form the Southern African Clothing and Textile Workers' Union (SACTWU), one of the three largest unions of the Congress of South African Trade Unions (COSATU). It traces the interaction between union leadership and both political parties and community organisations dedicated to making the country ungovernable, as well as those who were determined to stamp out such calls. It details struggles to unite workers across political divides in the same union organisation and to assert an independent working-class point of view in a period of growing African nationalism. It details the traumatic events on the road to the so-called peaceful miracle that created a rainbow nation but left 22 000 South Africans dead in the process.
And it is the story of a team of people who set out to change the world and formed an unshakeable bond in the process.
While many books focus on occupational health and safety in the international arena, few provide information pertinent to safety management in South Africa and in Africa as a whole. Safety Management in an Organisational Context aims to bridge this gap and to increase safety awareness at all levels of any organisation in Africa. The topics discussed in the book include safety in industry, functional safety, working in confined spaces, ergonomics and fire safety. The general provisions of the Occupational Health and Safety Act 85 of 1993 and its regulations are explained in detail as they relate to safety in the South African workplace today.
Workplace incidents and accidents affect businesses long after the incidents occur. The interruption of business activities and running equipment results in financial loss. Injuries suffered by people damage a business’s image and competitive edge, and demotivate employees.
By approaching safety risks in a measured, responsible manner, safety professionals and business owners can mitigate the occurrence of incidents and prevent them from happening in the workplace.
Identifying and understanding safety hazards form the pivot of all safety management theory and practice. This book, the first to clarify the true nature and characteristics of real safety hazards and the origins of safety risk, will assist safety practitioners to better understand safety risk assessment, safety management and safety auditing. This book is essential for everyone involved in the world of safety, whether medicine, hygiene, ergonomics, engineering, safety management and more.
Occupational Health: Management and Practice for Health Professionals is a well-known and widely prescribed text in this discipline. The fifth edition has been updated to include the latest legislation and research concerning this subject. Drawing on their experience in the field of Occupational Health, the authors explain the relationship between work and health as a two-way process in which the working environment may affect the health of workers, and the workers' state of health may impact on their ability to do their jobs. The text gives clear guidelines on how to deal with this relationship. Occupational Health: Management and Practice for Health Professionals has been written to meet the needs of anyone working in this field, but particularly those completing the occupational health component of a basic healthcare programme or pursuing a career in occupational health practice. This new edition has also been peer reviewed by experts in the field.
Supervising Safety is about the implementation of safety measures in an organisation. The book looks at safety theory where it makes the most difference - as it is applied in the workplace. Safety officers are central to the practical application of safety, and their role is clearly spelt out. The goals of the safety supervisor are outlines and one chapter is devoted to the role of ergonomics in the workplace. Readers are also shown how to identify and evaluate hazards in the workplace, develop an employee safety programme and safely handle materials in storage. This book includes: Clearly defined learning outcomes at the start of each chapter to help readers navigate the contents; Self-assessment questions at the end of each chapter to test the reader's understanding of the material; Examples relevant to the South African business environment.
Understanding the CCMA Rules & Procedure is an explanation of the Rules for the Conduct of Proceedings before the CCMA, and an invaluable guide to the various CCMA processes and proceedings. Understanding the CCMA Rules & Procedure will assist the reader in understanding a sometimes complicated and confusing set of rules. Each CCMA rule is explained and summarised. In cases where a rule has been interpreted by the CCMA or Labour Courts, the relevant award or judgment is brought to the reader's attention. Understanding the CCMA Rules & Procedure also contains: The text of the rules for easy reference; A useful matrix of CCMA forms and their uses; Templates for rescission and condonation applications; The CCMA guidelines on misconduct arbitration; The code of conduct for CCMA commissioners.
It is very easy to be tripped up on a technicality in the bewildering world of the workplace, where both staff and management have to negotiate the world of employment relations in both the formal sense – contracts, lines of reporting, disciplinary procedures etc – and the informal: team cultures, human relations, co-operative work goals etc. This book brings a cool and calm perspective to bear on the practicalities of labour law, employment relations, and dispute resolution. It is written by two highly experienced practitioners in the field of employment law, employment relations and dispute resolution, uniquely positioned to provide clear SOLUTIONS to the problems that line managers, HR/ER managers and employers are likely to encounter in the workplace. It is indispensable to anyone who plays an active role in the management of the modern South African work environment.
The management of safety in the workplace remains a relevant topic of discussion even after all the years since workplace safety became a priority. This book sees a discussion of the essence of workplace safety, accountability within organisations, health and safety practices and safety control measures. Finally, this book takes a look at safety recognition and reward systems within organisations and how these systems promote safe work practices.
Safety risk assessment and the development and implementation of control measures are the cornerstones of safety management theory and practice.
In Design for Safety, these topics are explored by looking at the roles played by the safety professional. Safety excellence is also examined through the leadership role played by managers who take personal ownership of safety.
Readers will appreciate the features that make this book a valuable learning resource, namely:
Where does a safety professional start with processes to reduce risk and create a safer work environment? The answer is with a systems approach to safety. Safety Systems covers the nitty-gritty of this approach, including how to develop a System Safety Programme Plan (SSPP). Different tools and methods of analysing and evaluating safety data are also discussed.
Identifying and analysing safety risks sees a discussion of the various aspects pertaining to safety risk, including the identification of risk and classification of risk. This book also takes an in-depth look at safety hazards and their origins, the legal requirements pertaining to safety risk and the analysis of safety risk. Other important aspects that are discussed by the authors are the role of cross functional teams, evaluating and reporting on safety risk. These topics provide the reader with in-depth knowledge on the topic of safety risk identification and analysis.
On 16th August 2012, thirty-four black mineworkers were gunned down by the police under the auspices of South Africa's African National Congress (ANC) in what has become known as the Marikana massacre. This attempt to drown independent working-class power in blood backfired and is now recognised as a turning point in the country's history. The Spirit of Marikana tells the story of the uncelebrated leaders at the world's three largest platinum mining companies who survived the barrage of state violence, intimidation, torture and murder which was being perpetrated during this tumultuous period. What began as a discussion about wage increases between two workers in the changing rooms at one mine became a rallying cry for economic freedom and basic dignity. This gripping ethnographic account is the first comprehensive study of this movement, revealing how seemingly ordinary people became heroic figures who transformed their workplace and their country.
What does it mean to establish a culture of safety in the workplace? Managing Safety Culture not only defines safety awareness as part of a company's culture, it also describes how this culture should be established. The topics in this book bridge the gap between safety management and strategic management by describing ways of influencing company strategy to promote safety. Guidelines are given on drawing up a safety management vision statement, goals and objectives and developing and executing an effective safety management system. Readers are also shown how to assess the effectiveness of an existing safety management system.
The investigations of accidents and incidents is a core part of the field of safety management and this book sees a discussion of accidents and incidents and the legislation relevant to preventing, investigating and reporting these incidents. The author also takes a look at accident causation theories, accidents and their effects, accident prevention and reporting. The economic impact of accidents and incidents warrants a commitment to understanding and preventing these accidents and incidents and this book provides the knowledge with which this can be achieved.
This 2nd edition of Understanding the Labour Relations Act has been updated to reflect the legislative amendments and case law since the publication of the popular first edition in 2009. The Labour Relations Act is the main pillar of the South African labour relations system. It aims to promote collective bargaining and the peaceful resolution of employment-related disputes. Understanding the Labour Relations Act contains an accessible, non-legalistic commentary on the Labour Relations Act. The key provisions of the Act are systematically covered, with Key Point summaries and frequently asked questions (FAQs) to aid understanding. This book is an ideal companion to the Labour Relations Act in the Juta’s Pocket Statutes series.
Images of striking COSATU workers, singing, marching and toyi-toying are a familiar sight for most South Africans and external observers of the country’s politics. Similarly, COSATU’s feisty general secretary, Zwelinzima Vavi has become a household name, commanding respect and admiration among millions and loathing and fear among his enemies and those who are on the receiving end of his fiery political oratory.
But how much do we know about what COSATU workers think about their workplaces, their unions, politics and the economy? What influences COSATU members’ decisions to vote for a particular political party? Why has COSATU women members’ support for the ANC declined? Why do some union members think there may be good reasons to assault non-strikers and scabs during strikes? What do unionised workers think of service delivery and what role did they play in the recent spate of service delivery protests? These and many other questions are examined in this volume which is based on the fourth run of the COSATU Workers’ Survey conducted a few months before the 2009 elections.
Contrary to stereotypes reproduced in the media and other public platforms which portray trade union members as a herd led by all-powerful ‘union bosses’, COSATU’s Contested Legacy deftly presents a picture of a multifaceted organisation whose members are steeped in the traditions of internal democracy, leadership accountability and mandated decision-making. But these traditions are not static. They are fiercely contested among different groups and categories of union members – women and men; migrant and urban workers; skilled and unskilled workers; blue collar and white collar and professional workers; permanent and part-time and casual workers.
Occupational Safety and Health (OSH) in the workplace is not only a strategic priority in terms of moral or social responsibility, it is also an obligation regulated and governed by law. A well-designed manufacturing process (the operations system) must be both productive and safe, without potential physical, emotional and mental health risks. OSH management has become a very complex multi-functional science within operations management and total quality management (TQM). It focuses on a non-legalistic approach whereby the organisational culture fosters spontaneous OSH and a high quality of work life. This is done by using a TQM approach, based on a functional TQM model.
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