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Freedom's Children is the first comprehensive history of Jamaica's watershed 1938 labour rebellion and its aftermath. Colin Palmer argues that, a hundred years after the abolition of slavery, Jamaica's disgruntled workers challenged the oppressive status quo and forced a morally ossified British colonial society to recognise their grievances. The rebellion produced two rival leaders who dominated the political life of the colony through the achievement of independence in 1962. Alexander Bustamante, a moneylender, founded the Bustamante Industrial Trade Union and its progeny, the Jamaica Labour Party. Norman Manley, an eminent barrister, led the struggle for self-government and with others established the People's National Party. Palmer describes the ugly underside of British colonialism and details the persecution of Jamaican nationalists. He sheds new light on the nature of Bustamante's collaboration with the imperial regime, the rise of the trade-union movement, the struggle for constitutional change, and the emergence of party politics in a modernising Jamaica.
Industrial hygienists and ventilation engineers know the name well: W.C.L. Hemeon. Since 1955, those professionals have frequently looked to Hemeon's Plant & Process Ventilation for essential information on industrial ventilation. Hemeon's longtime influence and inspiration has now prompted D. Jeff Burton-a prolific author on industrial ventilation himself-to produce a Fourth Edition of "the classic industrial ventilation text." While retaining Hemeon's distinctive writing style, conveying practical information in vivid phrasing, Burton has added extensive new information to recognize today's technology and techniques. Essential fundamentals of ventilation covered in the book include an explanation about the dynamic properties of airborne contaminants, and the principles of dispersion mechanism and local exhaust. Advanced applications are also examined in detail, particularly system design, dust control, and troubleshooting. Along with providing essential background on the two primary types of workplace ventilation-general and local exhaust-Hemeon's Plant & Process Ventilation also aims for mutual understanding between the health-oriented priorities of industrial hygienists, and the practical applications for maximum efficiency considered by ventilation engineers. Have a well-thumbed, dog-eared copy of Hemeon's Plant & Process Ventilation? Now is the best time to retire it in favor of this revised-and respectful-edition. Those who are new to Hemeon's approach will discover what other professionals have known more than 40 years: Hemeon offers some of the most effective ways to control environmental contaminates through proper ventilation techniques.
This text focuses on the people in the labour-relations process, presenting a comprehensive framework of the labour-relations system from a psychological perspective. It deliberately avoids a legalistic approach in the interest of an overall understanding of the processes by which people pursue their economic concerns.
Featuring a detailed analysis of current approval requirements and the relevant safety assessment methods for gas cylinders in general and with main focus on composite cylinders for storing compressed natural gas and hydrogen, this book demonstrates how current regulations and standards limit the ability to reduce cost and weight. Based on this data, it then highlights the potential offered by the proposed approval procedure based on probabilistic safety assessment After addressing the economic potential of probabilistic safety assessments, the book details working procedures and improving cycles and (slow) bursts as methods for assessing residual strength. It then discusses methods for statistically evaluating test data, as well as sample- size and distribution-character considerations. A definition of sample strength is elaborated in terms of the performance sheets developed by the author. On this basis, it discusses safety as a property of service life and interpreted as an issue of degradation, and explores aspects of artificial aging for simulating the end-of-life reliability level. Lastly, the book considers control and inspection aspects: quality of production, degradation prediction using destructive sample tests parallel to operation, retesting periods and correcting for under- and overestimates of safe lifetime. Presented in schematic diagrams, illustrations and tables, this information enables manufacturers and operators to use this new approach in practice and supports the improvement of current regulations and standards.
The chapters in this anthology deal with many of these all-encompassing constraints and how the various participants seek to deal with them. Model agreements, negotiating levers, the balance of power between managers and government employees, contracting-out versus producing in-house, the impact of bargaining unit structure on productivity, the relationship of municipal budget making to collective bargaining, public employee union growth and organizing trends, and many other topics are dealt with in this volume. These issues are discussed in the context of several specific types of public employees such as: municipal protection employees, mass transit workers, health professionals in relation to government service, and, the armed forces and civilian federal employees.
Every day millions of people show up for work to do a job they don't enjoy for a boss they don't like for pay they consider insufficient. Sound familiar? Maybe you are one of the lucky ones who likes what you do for a living. But whether you are stuck in a job you don't like or look forward to work every day, you have the opportunity to increase your level of satisfaction, significance, joy and productivity. In Winning at Work, you will uncover secrets to getting ahead that perhaps you've never considered before. This is not just another self-help book. Be prepared to be surprised, delighted and maybe, just maybe inspired to embrace ideas and habits that will cause you to get more out of the time you spend on the job. So get ready for change! Just one hour of reading Winning at Work will revolutionize your life!
Safety and Health for Engineers, 3rd Edition, addresses the fundamentals of safety, legal aspects, hazard recognition and control, and techniques for managing safety decisions, as well as: * Completely revises and updates all 38 chapters in the book * New edition adds more than 110 stories and cases from practice to illustrate various topics or issues * New topics on adapting to new safety concerns that arise from technology innovations; convergence of safety, health and environmental departments in many organizations; the concept of prevention through design; and emphasis on safety management systems and risk management and analysis * Includes learning exercises and computational examples based on real world situations along with in-depth references for each chapter * Includes a detailed solutions manual for academic adopters * Covers the primary topics included in certification exams for professional safety, such as CSP/ASP
International business exchanges between and with Asian countries have increased enormously over the last few years. As a natural consequence, this has brought about an increasing number of trade disputes that are being resolved through arbitration as an effective alternative to more expensive litigation. This volume offers a variety of perspectives on this important international dispute resolution practice in Asia. Essentially interdisciplinary in approach, it brings together specialists in law, international commercial arbitration and discourse analysis. The contributing authors include practitioners as well as academics. Together they explore the interrelations between discourses and practices in the field of arbitration in Asia. The work also investigates the extent to which the `integrity' of arbitration principles, typical of international commercial arbitration practice, is maintained in various Asian contexts. The authors focus particularly on arbitration norms and practices as they are influenced by local juridical, cultural and linguistic factors. The book will be a valuable resource for academics and practitioners working in the areas of arbitration and dispute resolution, as well as researchers with an interest in language, communication and discourse analysis.
Describes how to make economic decisions regading safety in the chemical and process industries * Covers both technical risk assessment and economic aspects of safety decision-making * Suitable for both academic researchers and practitioners in industry * Addresses cost-benefit analysis for safety investments
From 1894 to 1934, a span of forty years that saw its parent company go from coal mining to oil drilling, the Texas Pacific Mercantile and Manufacturing Company operated and managed the various commercial and service enterprises essential to the life and history of Thurber, Texas. Thurber was a company town, wholly owned by the Texas and Pacific Coal Company, and the inhabitants viewed the "company store" with suspicion before and after unionisation in 1903, believing it monopolistic and exploitative. But to call the mercantile a monopoly, or a mere contrivance to exploit labourers, paints an incomplete portrait of the company store as it existed in Thurber and elsewhere. With a keen eye for spotting telling detail, Gene Rhea Tucker examines a wealth of company ledgers, interviews, and newspaper accounts, presenting a case study not only of the microcosm of Thurber and TPM&M but of relations between labour and management in industrialising Texas, and a larger story of the complex role of the company store and company town in America.
Praise for The Handbook of Dispute Resolution
"This is the best guide I know on dispute resolution. Everyone
interested in the field should have a copy on hand."
"This wide-ranging, stimulating, and eminently practical
collection both reflects and advances the best thinking on
alternative dispute resolution. Essays by ADR pioneers and a new
generation of scholars provide a comprehensive introduction for
students and practitioners new to the field, yet also offer veteran
teachers and mediators concise applications of groundbreaking
research. In this fractious and divisive age, The Handbook of
Dispute Resolution is an especially welcome and hopeful
contribution to society overall."
"From the historic foundations of dispute resolution, to
personality and the behavior of disputants, to the effects of
globalization on the successful resolution of transborder disputes,
this remarkable and thought-provoking compilation of scholarly work
and practical observations is a must-read for students and
practitioners of conflict resolution. This handbook adds
immeasurably to our understanding of the ways in which people fight
and the circumstances by which peaceful resolution can be achieved.
In today's world, no set of insights is more valuable."
"The advice in this book captures in an accessible way much of
the wisdom that I've acquired from years of negotiating in the
entertainment industry. Here are the gems that really work to move
others to want to say 'yes.'"
"Mediators, lawyers, diplomats--indeed anyone concerned with
dispute resolution--will discover in this handbook a helpful
distillation of what scholars and experienced practitioners know
From the Reagan years to the present, the labor movement has faced a profoundly hostile climate. As America's largest labor federation, the AFL-CIO was forced to reckon with severe political and economic headwinds. Yet the AFL-CIO survived, consistently fighting for programs that benefited millions of Americans, including social security, unemployment insurance, the minimum wage, and universal health care. With a membership of more than 13 million, it was also able to launch the largest labor march in American history--1981's Solidarity Day--and to play an important role in politics.In a history that spans from 1979 to the present, Timothy J. Minchin tells a sweeping, national story of how the AFL-CIO sustained itself and remained a significant voice in spite of its powerful enemies and internal constraints. Full of details, characters, and never-before-told stories drawn from unexamined, restricted, and untapped archives, as well as interviews with crucial figures involved with the organization, this book tells the definitive history of the modern AFL-CIO.
This book brings together concepts from the building, environmental, behavioural and health sciences to provide an interdisciplinary understanding of office and workplace design. Today, with changes in the world of work and the relentless surge in technology, offices have emerged as the repositories of organizational symbolism, denoted by the spatial design of offices, physical settings and the built environment (architecture, urban locale). Drawing on Euclidian geometry that quantifies space as the distance between two or more points, a body of knowledge on office buildings, the concept of office and office space, and the interrelationships of spatial and behavioural attributes in office design are elucidated. Building and office work-related illnesses, namely sick building syndrome and ailments arising from the indoor environment, and the menace of musculoskeletal disorders are the alarming manifestations that critically affect employee satisfaction, morale and work outcomes. With a focus on office ergonomics, the book brings the discussion on the fundamentals of work design, with emphasis on computer workstation users. Strategic guidance of lighting systems and visual performance in workplaces are directed for better application of ergonomics and improvement in office indoor environment. It discusses the profiles of bioclimatic, indoor air quality, ventilation intervention, lighting and acoustic characteristics in office buildings. Emphasis has been given to the energy performance of buildings, and contemporary perspectives of building sustainability, such as green office building assessment schemes, and national and international building-related standards and codes. Intended for students and professionals from ergonomics, architecture, interior design, as well as construction engineers, health care professionals, and office planners, the book brings a unified overview of the health, safety and environment issues associated with the design of office buildings.
As an Occupational Safety and Health (OSH) practitioner have you ever wondered "How can I shape my career trajectory to reach a C-suite position in business?" Or perhaps-for those who do not aspire to positions of this nature; "How can I develop my ability to persuade and influence top management more effectively?" The 10 Step MBA for Safety and Health Practitioners answers these questions to enable you to achieve your personal and professional OSH goals. Presented over 10 steps encompassing a typical MBA programme, a transformational model establishes key themes which are deemed critical in understanding the world of business to exert greater influence: Strategic - aligning OSH to the overall direction of a business and creating a lasting OSH purpose that all stakeholders can relate to Cross-functional - understanding the different parts of an organisation and integrating OSH within business functions and ways of working Distinctive - looking for creative new ways of presenting OSH data and information to generate interest and enthusiasm. From strategy and leadership to organisational behaviour and human resource management, from marketing and brand management to interpersonal skills, this book shows you how to combine the best of your specialist knowledge with important business tools, so you can embed OSH at the heart of your company. The book is an indispensable reference for OSH practitioners who want to make a positive change in their careers and become more effective in influencing and leading change.
Bringing together a multidisciplinary group of experts from the fields of labour studies, public health, ergonomics, epidemiology, sociology and law, Sick and Tired examines the inequalities in workplace health and safety. Using an anti-oppressive framework, chapters interrogate a wide range of issues, including links between precarious employment and mental health, the inverse relationship between power and occupational health through the experiences of women, immigrants and older workers, and the need for creative strategies that promote health and safety in ways that support empowerment and equity.
By examining the evolution of industrial relations institutions in the emerging economies of Brazil, China, India, South Africa and Turkey, the authors in this book assess the contribution of these institutions to inclusive development. Industrial Relations in Emerging Economies uses real-world examples to assess the relevance of the conceptual frameworks used to examine employment relations. The chapters focus on the evolution of industrial relations institutions and the role that these have played in periods of economic and political transition. They demonstrate that rather than acting as a constraint on development, trade unions can contribute to stability, security and equity. The contribution of industrial relations institutions to inclusive development nonetheless remains the subject of debate, viewed by some as increasingly irrelevant to the vast numbers of workers in the informal economy. The authors here, however, reveal a continuing demand for independent collective interest representation in labour relations, whether in the informal economy or in rapidly industrializing districts. This book will prove an interesting and stimulating read for students, academics and researchers in the fields of human resources, industrial relations, sociology and labour economics in addition to trade union researchers and policy-makers.
THE ESSENTIAL HANDBOOK FOR EFFECTIVELY COMMUNICATING ENVIRONMENTAL, SAFETY, AND HEALTH RISKS, FULLY REVISED AND UPDATED Now in its sixth edition, Risk Communication has proven to be a valuable resource for people who are tasked with the responsibility of understanding how to apply the most current approaches to care, consensus, and crisis communication. The sixth edition updates the text with fresh and illustrative examples, lessons learned, and recent research as well as provides advice and guidelines for communicating risk information in the United States and other countries. The authors help readers understand the basic theories and practices of risk communication and explain how to plan an effective strategy and put it into action. The book also contains information on evaluating risk communication efforts and explores how to communicate risk during and after an emergency. Risk Communication brings together in one resource proven scientific research with practical, hands-on guidance from practitioners with over 30 years of experience in the field. This important guide: Provides new examples of communication plans in government and industry, use of social media, dealing with "fake news," and new digital tools for stakeholder involvement and crisis communications Contains a new chapter on partnerships which covers topics such as assigning roles and expectations, ending partnerships, and more Presents real-world case studies with key lessons all risk communicators can apply. Written for engineers, scientists, professors and students, land use planners, public health practitioners, communication specialists, consultants, and regulators, the revised sixth edition of Risk Communication is the must-have guide for those who communicate risks.
Additional resources to accompany the book are available at: http:
The construction industry is a global, dynamic and innovative
industry that delivers buildings and infrastructure for all aspects
of commercial and domestic activity.
This dynamic and innovative industry is faced with safety
challenges on a project by project and day to day basis. Excellence
in Health and safety management is therefore a key requirement of
construction industry professional practice, and as such its study
is a necessary and core component of a wide range of built
environment undergraduate degree programmes, either as a distinct
discipline or as an embedded component.
"Construction Safety Management" is an accessible, up-to-date
text that outlines the principles and practices of construction
health and safety management. It is written to support the study of
health and safety on professionally accredited undergraduate built
environment degree programmes. The text introduces and informs the
reader of issues, concepts, legislation and practice pertinent to
the sound development of knowledge and practice requisite for
effective construction health and safety management.
Students on courses ranging from Architecture, Architectural
Technology, Building Engineering, Civil Engineering, Construction
Management, Project Management and Quantity Surveying will find
that each chapter presents clear learning objectives, addresses key
issues and concepts and provides for self-assessment of
Additional resources to accompany the book are available at: http: //www.blackwellpublishing.com/howarth/
The workplace is where almost two thirds of adults spend almost two thirds of their waking time. Though traditional, statutorily-driven approaches to risk management have been demonstrably effective in reducing the number of injuries and sickness in recent years, psychological and physical health issues are still rife in the modern-day workforce. Work-related sickness and injury absence, and the economic cost implications of such, are having a detrimental effect not just on employees and employers, but on the wider community. Written by a team of experts from across academia and practice settings, this engaging new book argues that employer organizations must work collaboratively with employees in order to create working environments that promote health for all. With a sharp focus on applying theory to practice, the book uses real-life examples from areas across the globe to encourage readers to think contextually. Key topics covered include: * Work-life balance, including issues of workload and the 'long hours culture' * The impact of work-related musculoskeletal disorders * The nature, scale and causes of work-related stress * The significance of corporate social responsibility in employee wellness Aligned with global frameworks, this comprehensive text provides both students and qualified professionals with a solid foundation for practice, and a rich source of material for discussion.
Guides the reader in the development and maintenance of a rope access program * Provides comprehensive guidance for employers, safety managers and rope access technicians to develop, maintain, and manage a rope access program * Offers specific guidance for writing a comprehensive managed fall protection plan that includes rope access * Thoroughly describes how to perform specific rope access maneuvers that can be used to offer greater safety when working at height * Shows how a well-managed rope access program can be used as a tool to get more work accomplished at a lower cost and with greater efficiency than conventional methods can achieve * Discusses and clarifies unique distinctions of equipment for rope access, as compared with equipment for fall arrest, positioning, and restraint
There is no better time than now to consider the labor history of the Golden State. While other states face declining union enrollment rates and the rollback of workers' rights, California unions are embracing working immigrants, and voters are protecting core worker rights. What's the difference? California has held an exceptional place in the imagination of Americans and immigrants since the Gold Rush, which saw the first of many waves of working people moving to the state to find work. From Mission to Microchip unearths the hidden stories of these people throughout California's history. The difficult task of the state's labor movement has been to overcome perceived barriers such as race, national origin, and language to unite newcomers and natives in their shared interest. As chronicled in this comprehensive history, workers have creatively used collective bargaining, politics, strikes, and varied organizing strategies to find common ground among California's diverse communities and achieve a measure of economic fairness and social justice. This is an indispensable book for students and scholars of labor history and history of the West, as well as labor activists and organizers.
Working for Justice, which includes eleven case studies of recent low-wage worker organizing campaigns in Los Angeles, makes the case for a distinctive "L.A. Model" of union and worker center organizing. Networks linking advocates in worker centers and labor unions facilitate mutual learning and synergy and have generated a shared repertoire of economic justice strategies. The organized labor movement in Los Angeles has weathered the effects of deindustrialization and deregulation better than unions in other parts of the United States, and this has helped to anchor the city's wider low-wage worker movement. Los Angeles is also home to the nation's highest concentration of undocumented immigrants, making it especially fertile territory for low-wage worker organizing.
The case studies in Working for Justice are all based on original field research on organizing campaigns among L.A. day laborers, garment workers, car wash workers, security officers, janitors, taxi drivers, hotel workers as well as the efforts of ethnically focused worker centers and immigrant rights organizations. The authors interviewed key organizers, gained access to primary documents, and conducted participant observation. Working for Justice is a valuable resource for sociologists and other scholars in the interdisciplinary field of labor studies, as well as for advocates and policymakers.
This dissertation provides guidance for policy and research on how the enforcement of core labor standards in supplier factories of transnational corporations can be improved. The book not only performs a comparative impact assessment of three multi-stakeholder initiatives (MSIs), but also develops an analytical model about the influence of "inclusiveness" on MSIs' effectiveness. MSIs are institutions of transnational governance. Several of them - founded in the international textile, garment, footwear, and sporting goods industry - address problems with labor rights violations in global supply chains that neither states nor transnational corporations have been able or willing to solve. The book asks to what extent different MSIs were successful in improving working conditions in supplier factories in developing countries. It performs an analysis of the International Labor Organization's Better Factories Cambodia Program, the Fair Labor Association, and the Foreign Trade Association of the German Retail Trade-Deutsche Gesellschaft f r Technische Zusammenarbeit (AVE-GTZ) project, using nearly 50 qualitative interviews. The book argues that the variation of degrees of effectiveness depends on the different approaches that underlie the work of each MSI: social dialogue, responsible competitiveness, or risk management. Dissertation.
During the heyday of the U.S. and international labor movements in the 1930s and 1940s, Ferdinand Smith, the Jamaican-born co-founder and second-in-command of the National Maritime Union (NMU), stands out as one of the most--if not the most--powerful black labor leaders in the United States. Smith's active membership in the Communist Party, however, coupled with his bold labor radicalism and shaky immigration status, brought him under continual surveillance by U.S. authorities, especially during the Red Scare in the 1950s. Smith was eventually deported to his homeland of Jamaica, where he continued his radical labor and political organizing until his death in 1961.
Gerald Horne draws on Smith's life to make insightful connections between labor radicalism and the Civil Rights Movement--demonstrating that the gains of the latter were propelled by the former and undermined by anticommunism. Moreover, Red Seas uncovers the little-known experiences of black sailors and their contribution to the struggle for labor and civil rights, the history of the Communist Party and its black members, and the significant dimensions of Jamaican labor and political radicalism.
Trade union education is in the doldrums. It generally lacks modern ways of teaching and is full of outdated content and avoids history, economics and politics. This book demonstrates clearly that what is delivered in trade union education, and how it is delivered, have to be reformed and modernised. It successfully shows also how all trade unionists are educators in one way or another. Chapters cover the history, context and challenges in trade union education, the power of popular education techniques, trade union activism, community and social movements, practical examples of transformative new work and learning tips, learning materials and all those areas relevant to delivering impactful education.
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