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Responding to the developments of the past 20 years, Les Kirkup has thoroughly updated his popular book on experimental methods, while retaining the extensive coverage and practical advice from the first edition. Many topics from that edition remain, including keeping a record of work, how to deal with measurement uncertainties, understanding the statistical basis of data analysis and reporting the results of experiments. However, with new technologies influencing how experiments are devised, carried out, analyzed, presented and reported, this new edition reflects the digital changes which have taken place and the increased emphasis on the importance of communication skills in reporting results. Bringing together key elements of experimental methods into one coherent book, it is perfect for students seeking guidance with their experimental work, including how to acquire, analyse and present data. Exercises, worked examples and end-of-chapter problems are provided throughout the book to reinforce fundamental principles.
A practical introduction to intelligent computer vision theory, design, implementation, and technology The past decade has witnessed epic growth in image processing and intelligent computer vision technology. Advancements in machine learning methods especially among adaboost varieties and particle filtering methods have made machine learning in intelligent computer vision more accurate and reliable than ever before. The need for expert coverage of the state of the art in this burgeoning field has never been greater, and this book satisfies that need. Fully updated and extensively revised, this 2nd Edition of the popular guide provides designers, data analysts, researchers and advanced post-graduates with a fundamental yet wholly practical introduction to intelligent computer vision. The authors walk you through the basics of computer vision, past and present, and they explore the more subtle intricacies of intelligent computer vision, with an emphasis on intelligent measurement systems. Using many timely, real-world examples, they explain and vividly demonstrate the latest developments in image and video processing techniques and technologies for machine learning in computer vision systems, including: * PRTools5 software for MATLAB especially the latest representation and generalization software toolbox for PRTools5 * Machine learning applications for computer vision, with detailed discussions of contemporary state estimation techniques vs older content of particle filter methods * The latest techniques for classification and supervised learning, with an emphasis on Neural Network, Genetic State Estimation and other particle filter and AI state estimation methods * All new coverage of the Adaboost and its implementation in PRTools5. A valuable working resource for professionals and an excellent introduction for advanced-level students, this 2nd Edition features a wealth of illustrative examples, ranging from basic techniques to advanced intelligent computer vision system implementations. Additional examples and tutorials, as well as a question and solution forum, can be found on a companion website.
Written for an advanced-level course in digital systems design, DIGITAL SYSTEMS DESIGN USING VHDL integrates the use of the industry-standard hardware description language VHDL into the digital design process. Following a review of basic concepts of logic design in Chapter 1, the author introduces the basics of VHDL in Chapter 2, and then incorporates more coverage of VHDL topics as needed, with advanced topics covered in Chapter 8. Rather than simply teach VHDL as a programming language, this book emphasizes the practical use of VHDL in the digital design process. For example, in Chapter 9, the author develops VHDL models for a RAM memory and a microprocessor bus interface; he then uses a VHDL simulation to verify that timing specifications for the interface between the memory and microprocessor bus are satisfied. The book also covers the use of CAD tools to synthesize digital logic from a VHDL description (in Chapter 8), and stresses the use of programmable logic devices, including programmable gate arrays. Chapter 10 introduces methods for testing digital systems including boundary scan and a built-in self-test.
Production equipment for microelectronics, MEMS, and nanotechnology cannot function without vibration isolation. Process plant, power generation machinery, oil, gas, and petrochemical equipment are all subject to vibration. This vibration causes a range of problems and headaches for the engineer that can lead to failure of equipment, downtime, and extra maintenance costs. Isolating vibration and ameliorating it is vital. This valuable and well written text provides a comprehensive treatment of the principles of design and means for realization of passive vibration isolation systems for real life objects. A special emphasis is given to effective techniques and methods that are not yet widely used in the practice of vibration isolation in industry. It is written with practitioners in mind and many of the problems addressed and the solutions presented are relevant not only to the isolation of stationary sensitive equipment but also to civil engineering and transport applications. The contents include: Inertia and geometric properties of typical machines and other mechanical devices; Dynamics of single degreeof freedom vibration isolation system; Vibration isolation system under random excitation; Isolation of vibration sensitive objects; Vibration isolation systems -isolation requirements for vibration producing objects; Engine and machinery mounting in vehicles; Elasto damping materials (EDM); High damping metals; Material selection for vibration isolators; Vibration isolators with metal flexible elements; High angular stiffness and anisotropic vibration isolation systems; Pneumatic isolators; and Power transmission couplings.
A Millwright's Guide to Motor / Pump Alignment By Tommy B. Harlon 2008, 384pp, illus., ISBN 978-0-8311-3315-3, $29.95 Written by a mechanic for mechanics in a mechanic's language, this book is a compendium of information, common sense tips, and methods and formulas that have been around for decades. As a unique resource it offers the how-to's; along with the drawings, the formulas, and mathematical examples that address the who, what, when, where, why, and how in several dozen realistic incidents involving alignment work. Additionally, readers will find valuable hints, practical tips, comments, and cautionary notes throughout to drive home each point. Covering at least 99% of the field alignment problems encountered by most mechanics, it is sure to be valuable to novices and professionals alike
It is important that a gantry meter is reading accurately and to comply with regulations, it is necessary to carry out periodically a test or series of tests in which the meter's readings are compared with proving equipment that is traceable to national standards. This Part of the Petroleum Measurement Manual describes procedures applicable to turbine gantry meters (road and rail) proved by reference meter or volumetric proving tank. The primary objective of this Manual is to promote uniformity and consistency both in the proving of gantry meters and in the interpretation of the results. Reference should also be made to Petroleum Measurement Paper No 9: The Performance of Turbine Meters in Loading Gantries - A Review of Proving and Test Data.
Measurement accuracy is essential for the sale, purchace and handling of petroleum products. It reduces the likelihood of disputes between buyer and seller, and facilitates control of losses. This volume on tank calibration covers vertical cylindrical tanks.
Guidelines for field tests and verification of temperature measuring equipment on loading gantries (for non-artificialy heated products).
Measurement accuracy is essential for the sale, purchace and handling of petroleum products. It reduces disputes between buyer and seller, and facilitates control of losses. This volume covers security and fidelity of transmitter signals and the transfer of data in all existing types of meter.
Measurement accuracy is essential for the sale, purchace and handling of petroleum products. It reduces the likelihood of disputes between buyer and seller, and facilitates control of losses. This volume contains guidance notes for the installation of turbine meters on loading gantries.
Measurement accuracy is essential for the sale, purchace and handling of petroleum products. It reduces the likelihood of disputes between buyer and seller, and facilitates control of losses. This volume on tank calibration covers underground tanks and oceangoing barges.
This text contains user guidelines for standard temperature accounting.
The introduction of the ISO 9000 quality standard resulted in renewed interest and pressure on industry to strengthen their quality and metrology standards. To meet this renewed interest Practical Density Measurement and Hydrometry provides invaluable, contemporary information on mass metrology. The book highlights the principles of physics involved and the technology needed to accurately measure the density of solids and liquids to high precision to meet the increasing demands on the metrology industry. Starting with national and international density standards, the book proceeds to discuss the variety of methods used to accurately measure solid and liquid density, to compare and contrast these techniques, and to thoroughly explain the thermal dilation of liquids. It also examines interferometers used in dimensional measurements of solid-based density standards, corrections applicable due to finite aperture, phase change due to reflection and ringing, and special methods for density determination. The final chapters detail specific points of relevance to density measurements and hydrometry for materials commonly used in industry. Complimented with practical guidance on applying these measurement techniques, calibration procedures, and data tables, this book is an essential reference for metrologists and a valuable introduction for graduate students.
This text contains computer implementation procedures for correcting densities and volumes to 20C.
The RICS New Rules of Measurement mean that the construction industry now has a way of allowing a more consistent approach to the measurement and estimating of buildings from the start of a project, right through until the end, and beyond.
"Estimating and cost planning using the New Rules of Measurement" offers comprehensive guidance on all the technical competencies concerned with estimating throughout the precontract stages. It provides a full commentary to the NRM, with detailed and comprehensive examples of how to measure estimates and cost plans in accordance with this new prescriptive approach.
For both students and practitioners, the acquisition of technical competencies is by practice so this book offers step-by-step worked examples to follow as well as an exercise on each topic.
- helps dispel anxieties about using a new method in an important area of fee generation- based on the author's successful Roadshows, organised by the RICS to promote the NRM- companion websites provide support for learning: http: //ostrowskiquantities.com and www.wiley.com/go/ostrowski/estimating
This book presents an amalgam of best practice from a range of international specialists, as well as highlighting new areas that require research and development.
This present volume not only describes and analyses the status of the new Standard (providing underpinning data) but primarily it seeks to provide new light and present new information on many of the areas where there is insufficient coverage in EN13445 or other Standards.
Pressure equipment took a major step forward in May 2002 with the emergence of the first edition of the new European Standard EN13445. The safe design and operation of pressure equipment and pressure systems is key to much of the infrastructure in any present-day industrial society.
All of the authors were invited by the editors to make their contributions based on their international standing in the field of pressure equipment technology. Each paper went through a rigorous refereeing process (similar to the "Proceedings" of the IMechE), ensuring that they were of the highest quality and contained results of current and seminal research.
This practical reference offers state-of-the-art coverage of speckle metrology and its value as a measuring technique in industry.;Examing every important aspect of the field, Speckle Metrology: surveys the origin of speckle displacement and decorrelation; presents procedures for deformation analysis and shape measurement of rough objects; explains particle image velocimetry (PIV), the processing of PIV records, and the design requirements of PIV equipment; discusses the applications of white light speckle methods and the production of artificial speckles; describes the measurement of surface roughness with laser speckles and polychromatic speckles; illustrates semiautomatic and automatic methods for the analysis of Young's fringes; calculates the variation of Young's fringes with the change in the microrelief of the rough surface; and explicates hololenses for imaging and provides design details with aberration corrections for hololense systems.;With over 1500 literature citations, tables, figures and display equations, Speckle Metrology is a resource for students and professionals in the fields of optical, mechanical, electrical and electronics engineering; applied physics; and stress analysis.
Temperature Measurement covers nearly every type of temperature measurement device, in particular, bimetallic thermometers, filled bulb and glass stem thermometers, thermistors, thermocouples, and thermowells. Includes suppliers and prices.
This document describes the selection and calibration of equipment, and the operational procedures and calculation routines that are recommended when using volumetric proving tanks or gravmetric facilities.
The rather specialized field of solar and infrared radiation measurement has become more and more important in the face of growing demands by the renewable energy and climate change research communities for data that are more accurate and have increased temporal and spatial resolution. Updating decades of acquired knowledge in the field, Solar and Infrared Radiation Measurements details the strengths and weaknesses of instruments used to conduct such solar and infrared radiation measurements. Topics covered include: Radiometer design and performance Equipment calibration, installation, operation, and maintenance Data quality assessment Methods to use measured data to estimate irradiance for any surface With a broad range of content that will benefit students and more experienced readers alike, this resource serves as a primer and technical reference that presents the basic terminology and fundamentals for resource assessment. It explores the history of solar radiation instruments and addresses direct normal, global, diffuse, and tilted measurements, as well as the characteristics of instruments used for these measurements. The authors consider methods of assessing the uncertainty of solar measurements and then cover albedo, infrared, net, and spectral irradiance measurements and instrumentation. The book devotes a section to other meteorological instruments, and another to the basics for installing and operating a solar monitoring station. Appendices include information on solar resource assessment modeling and satellite-derived irradiance, along with other useful material. This book's authors are experts who each have more than 30 years of experience developing and operating multiple measurement stations, working with industry to improve radiometry, and conducting various research projects.
Nonlinear Filtering covers linear and nonlinear filtering in a comprehensive manner, with appropriate theoretic and practical development. Aspects of modeling, estimation, recursive filtering, linear filtering, and nonlinear filtering are presented with appropriate and sufficient mathematics. A modeling-control-system approach is used when applicable, and detailed practical applications are presented to elucidate the analysis and filtering concepts. MATLAB routines are included, and examples from a wide range of engineering applications - including aerospace, automated manufacturing, robotics, and advanced control systems - are referenced throughout the text.
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