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25 years have passed since a small group met for the First International Symposia on Brain Edema in Vienna. Subsequent Symposia were held in Mainz, Montreal, Berlin, Groningen, Tokyo and Baltimore. During this time we have witnessed a virtual explosion of the number of publications in this field and our basic and clinical understanding of this disease process has increased tremendously. Our meetings have always been a landmark to take stock of our experience so far and to provide perspectives toward future developments. In addition, it always was a good opportunity to renew old friendship and to make new friends. This volume is a compilation of papers presented at the Eighth International Symposium on Brain Edema held on June 17-20, 1990 in Bern, Switzerland. During this Symposium 158 papers were presented as oral or poster presentations. This considerable number of papers was chosen from more than 230 abstracts that were received. The organizers wish to thank the Advisory Committee for the work done in paper selection and focus on the Symposium. Appreciation is also given to all persons, who have contributed to the success of this meeting, the Chairmen, the participants and last but not least all the staff who worked behind the scene.
During the last decade a multitude of studies concerning the dynamic changes in cerebral blood flow (CBF), cerebral metabolic rate of oxygen (CMRO2), and intracranial pressure (ICP) in the acute phase after head injury have been published. These studies have been supplemented with studies of cerebral autoregulation, CO2 reactivity and barbiturate reactivity. Other investigations include studies of cerebrospinal fluid pH, bicarbonate, lactate and pyruvate. In this book experimental and clinical studies of the dynamic changes in CBF, CMRO2, CO2 reactivity and barbiturate reactivity are reviewed. The author's own clinical studies of the dynamic changes in CBF and cerebral metabolism are summarized and discussed, and the therapeutical implication as regards the use of artificial hyperventilation, sedation with barbiturate and mannitol treatment are discussed.
This volume is a compilation of papers presented at the Tenth International Symposium on Brain Edema held on October 20-23, 1996, in San Diego, California. This follows the sequence of meetings that was initiated 31 years ago in the First International Symposium held in Vienna. Subsequent symposiums were held in Mainz, Montreal, Berlin, Groningen, Tokyo, Baltimore, Bern, and Tokyo CY okohama). A considerable number of papers was chosen from over 100 papers that were received. The organizers wish to thank the Advisory Committee for the excellent work done in selection of the papers. We also wish to thank all the persons who contributed to the success of the Tenth International Symposium, especially the staff who worked behind the scenes. These papers were reviewed, edited, approved or disapproved by the Editorial Board. Those manuscripts that were felt not pertinent to this publication were not accepted by the Editorial Board. Therefore, the excellent quality of those that are in the book are a reflection of the authors' dedication and work and that of those of the Editorial Board in their review process. For the reader's convenience, the papers are structured according to the various disease processes which are associated with the primary topic: hypertension, hydrocephalus, infection, ischemia, tumor, etc. We do hope that the reader will enjoy the articles and that they will provide an impetus and insight for future work.
Linking existing knowledge to new knowledge by presenting it in the form of a case or a problem is a popular and effective educational approach resulting in better retention of the knowledge and improved ability to apply that knowledge to solve real problems. This problem-based learning (PBL) method was introduced into medical education at McMaster University in Ontario, Canada, in 1969. Since then it has been widely incorporated into secondary, undergraduate, and graduate education in a variety of disciplines worldwide. This new volume for the Anesthesiology Problem-Based Learning series reviews pediatric anesthesia utilizing the PBL approach. Each chapter deals with conditions and problems in pediatric anesthesia practice presented as a case stem with questions to encourage critical thinking, followed by an evidence-based discussion and multiple-choice questions for self-assessment. Cases were carefully selected to present a broad systems-based tour of commonly encountered clinical cases in pediatric anesthesia. The book can be used to review an upcoming clinical case or as a PBL tool. The 'Stem Case and Key Questions' and 'Discussion' sections can serve as the basis for interactive learning experiences for study groups or as a broad yet in-depth clinical review of the subspecialty for the individual learner. Self-assessment questions can be used as a measure of knowledge acquisition or simply as a question bank to prepare for examinations.
The Annual Update compiles the most recent developments in experimental and clinical research and practice in one comprehensive reference book. The chapters are written by well recognized experts in the field of intensive care and emergency medicine. It is addressed to everyone involved in internal medicine, anesthesia, surgery, pediatrics, intensive care and emergency medicine. Content Level Professional/practitioner
As space medicine evolved from the late 1950s onward, the need arose for a ready reference for students and practitioners on the basic concepts of this new specialty. Through three editions edited by leaders in the development of space medicine, this classic text has met the need. This fourth edition of Space Physiology and Medicine provides succinct, evidence-based summaries of the current knowledge base in space medicine and serves as a source of information on the space environment, responses, and practices. Additionally, there is extensive online material available for each chapter, featuring overviews and self-study questions.
Autoimmune (IgG4-related) Pancreatitis and Cholangitis reviews the breadth of clinical, imaging, histological, laboratory, and imaging features associated with IgG4-associated systemic disease, especially AIP and IAC. Written by experts in their fields, each chapter includes an overview of existing data as well as the most up-to-date scientific information and emerging data. The book also addresses areas of uncertainty and controversy, briefly highlighting clinical and research needs relative to the respective topic. Comprehensive and easy to use, Autoimmune (IgG4-related) Pancreatitis and Cholangitis is a valuable resource for physicians who deal with or are interested in these complex disease processes, including gastroenterologists, hepatologists, and surgeons.
88 short papers originating from the 12th International Symposium on Intracranial Pressure and Brain Monitoring held in August 2004 in Hong Kong present experimental as well as clinical research data on invasive and non-invasive intracranial pressure and brain biochemistry monitoring. The papers have undergone a peer-reviewing and are organized in nine sections: ICP management in head injury, neurochemical monitoring, intracranial hypertension, neuroimaging, hydrocephalus, clinical trails, experimental studies, brain compliance and biophysics.
This new edition has been fully revised to provide trainees with the latest advances and technologies in cardiac anaesthesia and cardiac critical care. Divided into three sections, the book begins with discussion on cardiovascular anaesthesia, covering preoperative assessment and management, antiarrhythmic drugs, anaesthesia for surgery, paediatric cardiology, and more. The second section describes the use of echocardiography for numerous cardiac disorders, enhanced by formulas, schematic diagrams, and videos. The final chapter in this section features MCQs based on videos from the accompanying DVD ROM. Section three covers extracorporeal membrane oxygenation and critical care, and includes Michigan-based Extracorporeal Life Support Organisation (ELSO) guidelines. Key points Fully revised, second edition providing trainees with latest advances in cardiac anaesthesia and cardiac critical care Includes MCQs based on accompanying DVD ROM videos Covers ELSO guidelines Previous edition (9789350906590) published in 2013
Improving standards of care is a real challenge in Intensive Care Medicine. Bettering clinical performance, patient safety, risk management and audit represents the cornerstone for raising the quality of care in ICU patients. Communication is the platform from where to start to reach a consensus in an extremely crowded area, a unique multidisciplinary and multiprofessional environment in which quality of care and, ultimately, patient survival need to be ameliorated.
Sharpen your critical care skills, with the fully updated Quick Reference to Critical Care, fifth 5th edition . This well-illustrated pocket guide covers the full range of critical care scenarios, listing each disorder, medication, test, or device alphabetically by body system. Each entry supports the latest evidence-based nursing procedures and stabilization practices, all formatted in a convenient quick-read outline. Get immediate on-the-job answers to your critical care questions, with this comprehensive quick-use guide. Get on-the-spot, critical care direction and data ... * NEW neurological content: Salt table on sodium imbalances, table on intercranial hypertension treatments, lumbar puncture, the Ommaya reservoir, stroke, and more * NEW cardiovascular content: cardiomyopathy, cardiac surgery, new closure devices, EKGs, endovascular embolization, intra-aortic balloon counterpulsation, shock topics, transcatheter aortic valve replacement, ventricular assist device, hypothermia, and more * NEW pulmonary content: capnography, oxyhemoglobin dissociation curve, Severe Acute Respiratory syndrome (SARS), and more * NEW GI/GU content: intra-abdominal pressure management, lab abnormalities in acute liver failure, table for calculating body mass, and more * NEW renal content: the Quinton catheter in hemodialysis and new CDC guidelines * NEW endocrine content: metabolic syndrome * NEW hematologic content: clotting cascade and clotting factor, Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS), Ebola virus, AIDS treatments, plasmaphoresis, thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura, and more * NEW content on drugs, labs, and imaging; dressing options for wound care * NEW updated hotline phone numbers * More than 350 illustrations - Figures, algorithms, photos, drawings, and tables * Get vital information fast with the quick reference format that ICU nurses have relied on for decades: * Read-at-a-glance bulleted outline format enables quick comprehension * Extensive cross-referencing for additional, related information * Chapters for each body system with disorders and injuries listed in alpha order * Tables and charts with vital info on medication, dosing, conversions, compatibilities, lab tests, and more * Remember feature notes important points to aid easy recall
Continuing medical education and specialty training procedures represent highly dynamical processes, with a continuously evolving content. The specific teaching methods available (micro-teaching, team teaching, mastery learning, simulation, and e-learning) are essential elements of this process to promote professional updating and teaching at the bedside, aimed at providing an excellent clinical practice. The didactic laboratory is the core of this process: teachers, students and the School must be able to integrate in order to encourage this trend, and following this trend, the Trieste School of Medicine has long recognised the importance of supporting educational aspects and teaching programmes that promote our discipline.
This volume is the result of the co-operation of the Trieste School of Medicine with experts at a national and international level who, in 2005, took part in seminars or micro-teaching sessions held at the Cattinara University Hospital.
Der Transport von Intensivpatienten erfordert vom begleitenden Personal besondere Fachkenntnis. Der Band liefert praxisnahes Wissen zur Vorbereitung und Durchfuhrung des Intensivtransports, zu ausgewahlten Krankheitsbildern sowie zum Lufttransport und Transport von Fruh- und Neugeborenen. Daruber hinaus werden pflegerische Aspekte und Komplikationen behandelt. Mit Kontrollfragen zu jedem Kapitel. Die Inhalte orientieren sich an den Vorgaben des Kurses "Intensivtransport" der Deutschen Interdisziplinaren Vereinigung fur Intensiv- und Notfallmedizin.
This book brings together basic scientists or clinicians from a variety of different backgrounds - immunology, infectious diseases or critical care - who share a common interest in understanding the changes that occur in immune responses in sepsis. It provides an up-to-date and unrivalled synthesis of current research in this rapidly developing field.
Inflammation in itself is not to be considered as a disease . . . and in disease, where it can alter the diseased mode of action, it likewise leads to a cure; but where it cannot accomplish that solitary purpose . . . it does mischief - John Hunter, A Treatise on the Blood, ITfIlammation, and Gunshot Woundr (London, 1794)1 As we reached the millennium, we recognized the gap between our scientific knowledge of biologic processes and our more limited clinical capabilities in the care of patients. Our science is strong. Molecular biology is powerful, but our therapy to help patients is weaker and more limited. For this reason, this book focuses on the problems of multiple organ failure (MOF), multiple organ dysfunction syndrome (MODS), and systemic inflammatory response syndrome is, patients who have severe injuries; require major, (SIRS) in high-risk patients, that overwhelming operations; or have serious illnesses requiring intensive care; patients who have diseases elsewhere, in other organs or systems, that limit their capabilities to survive a new insult; and patients who are elderly or at high risk for sepsis or other complications. These are the patients who need our help. They need the advances in science, in molecular biology, immunology, pathophysiology, biochemistry, genetics, high technology, and other areas of maximum support at the bedside. These advances could potentially have the greatest impact on improving patient care.
This book is unique in providing a comprehensive overview of the human factors issues relevant to patient safety during acute care. By elucidating the principles of human behavior and decision-making in critical situations and identifying frequent sources of human error, it will help healthcare professionals provide safer, more effective treatment when dealing with emergencies characterized by uncertainty, high stakes, time pressure, and stress. The third edition has emerged from an ongoing synergistic relationship between clinicians and behavioral scientists on both sides of the Atlantic to update and enhance each chapter -- blending the strengths of the two professions into a readily accessible text. Among other improvements, readers will find sharper articulation of concepts and significantly more information on the organizational impact on individual and team performance. Crisis Management in Acute Care Settings is the required reference for all who are learning about, teaching, or providing acute and emergency healthcare. It will be of high value for undergraduate and graduate medical and nursing program and offer a much-needed resource for those who use high-fidelity healthcare simulation to teach teamwork.
Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome (ARDS) remains an important cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide, and the incidence is predicted to increase with the aging population Several clinical disorders can initiate ARDS, including pneumonia, sepsis, gastric aspiration and trauma but despite intense research over the past 40 years, we still have an incomplete understanding of the pathophysiology of the disease and treatment remains largely supportive. This book provides an overview of acute lung injury and repair, describes current animal models to study lung injury and reviews current methodologies to study and measure lung injury and repair. Special emphasis is given to state of the art techniques and methods and relevance to human disease. Acute Lung Injury and Repair: Scientific Fundamentals and Methods is a useful resource for physicians and scientists who are interested in experimental model systems for insight into ARDS pathogenesis and treatment strategies.
Best of Five MCQs for the Acute Medicine SCE is a new revision resource designed specifically for this high-stakes exam. Containing over 350 Best of Five multiple choice questions, this dedicated guide will help candidates to prepare successfully. The content mirrors the SCE in Acute Medicine Blueprint to ensure candidates are fully prepared for all the topics that may appear in the exam. Topics range from how to manage acute problems in cardiology or neurology to managing acute conditions such as poisoning. All answers have full explanations and further reading to ensure high quality self-assessment and quick recognition of areas that require further study.
Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a serious and as yet incompletely understood disorder in which sudden impairment of kidney function occurs secondary to one or more of a variety of underlying conditions. This disorder is very common in (elderly) ICU patients and is associated with very high mortality. Many of those who survive suffer from permanent kidney failure and other long-term morbidities, which may include cardiovascular disease and immune dysfunction. Epidemiologic evidence suggests that AKI is not a single disease, but a syndrome comprised of multiple, often coexisting, etiologies. Being usually part of multiorgan failure syndrome, it calls for multiple organ support therapy. The publication at hand contains sections on prerenal azotemia syndromes, dying 'of' or 'with' AKI, pathophysiology of sepsis-induced acute kidney injury, developments in prevention / treatment / rehabilitation, and renal support. Reporting the latest recommendations from experts, it provides valuable information for those that are interested in understanding the disorder and its treatment options.
Critical care medicine is responsible for many of the most important advances in outcomes after cardiothoracic surgery in the past two decades. The expertise developed in this subspecialty accounts for the resiliency that characterizes gold standard results evident in institutions recognized for excellence. This volume is intended to share ideas and algorithms that will improve outcomes in cardiothoracic critical care units. This book is part of the Difficult Decisions in Surgery series that covers surgical specialties. The volumes are multi-authored, containing brief chapters, each of which are devoted to one or two specific questions or decisions within that specialty that are difficult or controversial. The volumes are intended as a current and timely reference source for practicing surgeons, surgeons in training, and educators that describe the recommended ideal approach, rather than customary care, in selected clinical situations.
Intensive care medicine is a rapidly expanding medical speciality that commands a significant proportion of health care resources. It is predicted that the demand on intensive care resources will rapidly increase in the foreseeable future, partially due to an ageing elderly population. There is an increasing wealth of literature as to the nature of the intensive care multi-disciplinary team, and how this impacts patient morbidity and mortality. This book presents current research from around the globe in the study of intensive care units including: intensive care unit staffing and its impact on patient outcome; medical and nursing intensive care delivery; acute compartment syndrome on intensive care units; and blood transfusions in the intensive care unit.
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