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Books > Science & Mathematics > Biology, life sciences > Life sciences: general issues

Computational Models Of Cognitive Processes - Proceedings Of The 13th Neural Computation And Psychology Workshop (Hardcover):... Computational Models Of Cognitive Processes - Proceedings Of The 13th Neural Computation And Psychology Workshop (Hardcover)
Julien Mayor, Pablo Gomez
R2,182 R2,024 Discovery Miles 20 240 Save R158 (7%) Shipped within 7 - 12 working days

Computational Models of Cognitive Processes collects refereed versions of papers presented at the 13th Neural Computation and Psychology Workshop (NCPW13) that took place July 2012, in San Sebastian (Spain). This workshop series is a well-established and unique forum that brings together researchers from such diverse disciplines as artificial intelligence, cognitive science, computer science, neurobiology, philosophy and psychology to discuss their latest work on models of cognitive processes.

Dispelling The Darkness: Voyage In The Malay Archipelago And The Discovery Of Evolution By Wallace And Darwin (Paperback): John... Dispelling The Darkness: Voyage In The Malay Archipelago And The Discovery Of Evolution By Wallace And Darwin (Paperback)
John van Wyhe
R702 Discovery Miles 7 020 Shipped within 7 - 12 working days

"The facts of variability, of the struggle for existence, of adaptation to conditions, were notorious enough; but none of us had suspected that the road to the heart of the species problem lay through them, until Darwin and Wallace dispelled the darkness."T H Huxley (1887)Darwin is one of the most famous scientists in history. But he was not alone. Comparatively forgotten, Wallace independently discovered evolution by natural selection in Southeast Asia. This book is based on the most thorough research ever conducted on Wallace's voyage. Closely connected, but worlds apart, Darwin and Wallace's stories hold many surprises. Did Darwin really keep his theory a secret for twenty years? Did he plagiarise Wallace? Were their theories really the same? How did Wallace hit on the solution, and on which island? This book reveals for the first time the true story of Darwin, Wallace and the discovery that would change our understanding of life on Earth forever.

Time, Space, Stars And Man: The Story Of The Big Bang (2nd Edition) (Paperback, 2nd Revised edition): Michael Mark Woolfson Time, Space, Stars And Man: The Story Of The Big Bang (2nd Edition) (Paperback, 2nd Revised edition)
Michael Mark Woolfson
R1,270 R1,190 Discovery Miles 11 900 Save R80 (6%) Shipped within 7 - 12 working days

The three greatest scientific mysteries, which remain poorly understood, are the origin of the universe, the origin of life and the development of consciousness. This book describes the processes preceding the Big Bang, the creation of matter, the concentration of that matter into stars and planets, the development of simple life forms and the theory of evolution that has given higher life forms, including mankind.There are many popular and excellent science books that present various aspects of science. However, this book follows a narrow scientific pathway from the Big Bang to mankind, and depicts the causal relationship between each step and the next. The science covered will be enough to satisfy most readers. Many important areas of science are dealt with, and these include cosmology, particle physics, atomic physics, galaxy and star formation, planet formation and aspects of evolution. The necessary science is described in a narrative form that general-interest readers should understand, without the use of equations or formulae.This 2nd edition includes several updates on the subjects that form the pillars of this book. They are: cosmology and astronomy, the features and formation of the solar system, the origin of life, and genetics and evolution. This book will appeal to readers with an interest in biology and those curious about the origins of the universe.

Blueprint - How DNA Makes Us Who We Are (Hardcover): Robert Plomin Blueprint - How DNA Makes Us Who We Are (Hardcover)
Robert Plomin
R511 R404 Discovery Miles 4 040 Save R107 (21%) Shipped within 7 - 11 working days

Forthcoming from the MIT Press.

The River of Consciousness (Paperback): Oliver Sacks The River of Consciousness (Paperback)
Oliver Sacks
R351 R229 Discovery Miles 2 290 Save R122 (35%) Shipped within 7 - 12 working days
Computational Neuroanatomy: The Methods (Hardcover): Moo K. Chung Computational Neuroanatomy: The Methods (Hardcover)
Moo K. Chung
R2,493 R2,310 Discovery Miles 23 100 Save R183 (7%) Shipped within 7 - 12 working days

Computational neuroanatomy is an emerging field that utilizes various non-invasive brain imaging modalities, such as MRI and DTI, in quantifying the spatiotemporal dynamics of the human brain structures in both normal and clinical populations. This discipline emerged about twenty years ago and has made substantial progress in the past decade. The main goals of this book are to provide an overview of various mathematical, statistical and computational methodologies used in the field to a wide range of researchers and students, and to address important yet technically challenging topics in further detail.

The Scopes Monkey Trial (Paperback): Randy Moore, William McComas The Scopes Monkey Trial (Paperback)
Randy Moore, William McComas; Foreword by Tom Davis
R393 R314 Discovery Miles 3 140 Save R79 (20%) Shipped within 7 - 11 working days
Epigenetics, v. 69 - Cold Spring Harbor Symposium (Paperback, 2nd Revised edition): Bruce Stillman, David Stewart Epigenetics, v. 69 - Cold Spring Harbor Symposium (Paperback, 2nd Revised edition)
Bruce Stillman, David Stewart
R348 Discovery Miles 3 480 Shipped within 7 - 12 working days

The importance of epigenetic regulation of gene expression, particularly in higher organisms, is now clear and the 2004 Cold Spring Harbor Annual Symposium provided many new examples as well as insights into the underlying mechanisms. The resulting volume?with over 60 papers from experts across the field?covers various aspects of nuclear organization and dynamics; genomic imprinting, chromosomal inactivation, and other examples of gene silencing; the histone and DNA modifications associated with these conditions; and the roles of RNA and protein regulators in establishing and maintaining these states.

Modern Prometheus - Editing the Human Genome with Crispr-Cas9 (Paperback): James Kozubek Modern Prometheus - Editing the Human Genome with Crispr-Cas9 (Paperback)
James Kozubek
R393 R323 Discovery Miles 3 230 Save R70 (18%) Shipped within 7 - 11 working days

Would you change your genes if you could? As we confront the 'industrial revolution of the genome', the recent discoveries of Crispr-Cas9 technologies are offering, for the first time, cheap and effective methods for editing the human genome. This opens up startling new opportunities as well as significant ethical uncertainty. Tracing events across a fifty-year period, from the first gene splicing techniques to the present day, this is the story of gene editing - the science, the impact and the potential. Kozubek weaves together the fascinating stories of many of the scientists involved in the development of gene editing technology. Along the way, he demystifies how the technology really works and provides vivid and thought-provoking reflections on the continuing ethical debate. This updated paperback edition contains all the very latest on the patent battle over Crisp and the applications of Crispr technology in agriculture and medicine.

Road To Scientific Success, The: Inspiring Life Stories Of Prominent Researchers (Volume 2) (Paperback): Deborah D.L. Chung Road To Scientific Success, The: Inspiring Life Stories Of Prominent Researchers (Volume 2) (Paperback)
Deborah D.L. Chung
R604 Discovery Miles 6 040 Shipped within 7 - 12 working days

This is Volume 2 of the book series The Road to Scientific Success: Inspiring Life Stories of Prominent Researchers. Authoritative scientists describe their life experiences in relation to how success was attained, how their careers were developed, how their research was steered, how priorities were set, and how difficulties were faced. These keys to success serve as a useful guide for anyone looking for advice on how to direct their career and conduct scientific research that will make an impact. The focus on the road to success (rather than scientific findings) and on personal experience aims to inspire and encourage readers to achieve greater success themselves. The objectives of this book series are: * To motivate young people to pursue their vocations with rigor, perseverance and direction * To inspire students to pursue science or engineering * To enhance the scientific knowledge of students, including those who do not major in science or engineering * To help parents and teachers prepare the next generation of scientists and engineers * To increase the awareness of the general public to the advances of science * To provide a record of the history of science

Adaptation and Natural Selection - A Critique of Some Current Evolutionary Thought (Paperback): George C. Williams Adaptation and Natural Selection - A Critique of Some Current Evolutionary Thought (Paperback)
George C. Williams; Foreword by Richard Dawkins
R460 R329 Discovery Miles 3 290 Save R131 (28%) Shipped within 7 - 12 working days

Biological evolution is a fact--but the many conflicting theories of evolution remain controversial even today. When Adaptation and Natural Selection was first published in 1966, it struck a powerful blow against those who argued for the concept of group selection--the idea that evolution acts to select entire species rather than individuals. Williams's famous work in favor of simple Darwinism over group selection has become a classic of science literature, valued for its thorough and convincing argument and its relevance to many fields outside of biology. Now with a new foreword by Richard Dawkins, Adaptation and Natural Selection is an essential text for understanding the nature of scientific debate.

Bioinformation (Paperback): Bronwyn Parry, Beth Greenhough Bioinformation (Paperback)
Bronwyn Parry, Beth Greenhough
R351 R290 Discovery Miles 2 900 Save R61 (17%) Shipped within 7 - 13 working days

From DNA sequences stored on computer databases to archived forensic samples and biomedical records, bioinformation comes in many forms. Its unique provenance the fact that it is 'mined' from the very fabric of the human body makes it a mercurial resource; one that no one seemingly owns, but in which many have deeply vested interests. Who has the right to exploit and benefit from bioinformation? The individual or community from whom it was derived? The scientists and technicians who make its extraction both possible and meaningful or the commercial and political interests which fund this work? Who is excluded or even at risk from its commercialisation? And what threats and opportunities might the generation of 'Big Bioinformational Data' raise? In this groundbreaking book, authors Bronwyn Parry and Beth Greenhough explore the complex economic, social and political questions arising from the creation and use of bioinformation. Drawing on a range of highly topical cases, including the commercialization of human sequence data; the forensic use of retained bioinformation; biobanking and genealogical research, they show how demand for this resource has grown significantly driving a burgeoning but often highly controversial global economy in bioinformation. But, they argue, change is afoot as new models emerge that challenge the ethos of privatisation by creating instead a dynamic open source 'bioinformational commons' available for all future generations.

Cracking Neuroscience (Hardcover): Jon Turney Cracking Neuroscience (Hardcover)
Jon Turney 1
R361 R289 Discovery Miles 2 890 Save R72 (20%) Shipped within 7 - 12 working days

For so long, the brain was the great unknown of human biology; an evolved complex of cells, chemicals and electricity, which eluded even the understanding of its own grey matter. Now, in this comprehensive guide, the most complicated concepts from across the field of neuroscience - such as memory, addiction and mind mapping - are broken down into easily understandable bite-sized pieces, to give everyone the chance to understand their own brain. Includes sections on: -The anatomy of the brain -Neurons, synapses and axons - the building blocks of the brain -Differences in male and female development -Modern treatment of mental illness -The effects on the brain of different food and stimulants -Memory, senses, cravings -Fight or flight -Perception and sensation -The future of neuroscience

I, Mammal - The Story of What Makes Us Mammals (Paperback): Liam Drew I, Mammal - The Story of What Makes Us Mammals (Paperback)
Liam Drew 1
R261 R181 Discovery Miles 1 810 Save R80 (31%) Shipped within 7 - 12 working days

Humans are mammals. Most of us appreciate that at some level. But what does it mean for us to have more in common with a horse and an elephant than we do with a parrot, snake or frog?

After a misdirected football left new father Liam Drew clutching a uniquely mammalian part of his anatomy, he decided to find out more. Considering himself as a mammal first and a human second, Liam delves into ancient biological history to understand what it means to be mammalian.

In his humorous and engaging style, Liam explores the different characteristics that distinguish mammals from other types of animals. He charts the evolution of milk, warm blood and burgeoning brains, and examines the emergence of sophisticated teeth, exquisite ears, and elaborate reproductive biology, plus a host of other mammalian innovations. Entwined are tales of zoological peculiarities and reflections on how being a mammal has shaped the author's life.

I, Mammal is a history of mammals and their ancestors and of how science came to grasp mammalian evolution. And in celebrating our mammalian-ness, Liam Drew binds us a little more tightly to the five and a half thousand other species of mammal on this planet and reveals the deep roots of many traits humans hold dear.

Cognition and Intractability - A Guide to Classical and Parameterized Complexity Analysis (Hardcover): Iris van Rooij, Mark... Cognition and Intractability - A Guide to Classical and Parameterized Complexity Analysis (Hardcover)
Iris van Rooij, Mark Blokpoel, Johan Kwisthout, Todd Wareham
R1,896 R1,775 Discovery Miles 17 750 Save R121 (6%) Shipped within 7 - 12 working days

Intractability is a growing concern across the cognitive sciences: while many models of cognition can describe and predict human behavior in the lab, it remains unclear how these models can scale to situations of real-world complexity. Cognition and Intractability is the first book to provide an accessible introduction to computational complexity analysis and its application to questions of intractability in cognitive science. Covering both classical and parameterized complexity analysis, it introduces the mathematical concepts and proof techniques that can be used to test one's intuition of (in)tractability. It also describes how these tools can be applied to cognitive modeling to deal with intractability, and its ramifications, in a systematic way. Aimed at students and researchers in philosophy, cognitive neuroscience, psychology, artificial intelligence, and linguistics who want to build a firm understanding of intractability and its implications in their modeling work, it is an ideal resource for teaching or self-study.

Bioethics - An Introduction (Paperback, New): Marianne Talbot Bioethics - An Introduction (Paperback, New)
Marianne Talbot
R861 Discovery Miles 8 610 Shipped within 7 - 12 working days

Providing readers with the confidence needed to debate key issues in bioethics, this introductory text clearly explains bioethical theories and their philosophical foundations. Over 250 activities introduce topics for personal reflection, and discussion points encourage students to think for themselves and build their own arguments. Highlighting the potential pitfalls for those new to bioethics, each chapter features boxes providing factual information and outlining the philosophical background, along with detailed case studies that offer an insight into real-life examples of bioethical problems. Within-chapter essay questions and quizzes, along with end-of-chapter review questions, allow students to check their understanding and to broaden their thinking about the topics discussed. The accompanying podcasts by the author (two of whose podcasts on iTunesU (TM) have attracted over 3 million downloads) explain points that might be difficult for beginners. These, along with a range of extra resources for students and instructors, are available at www.cambridge.org/bioethics.

The Neuroscientist Who Lost Her Mind - My Tale of Madness and Recovery (Paperback): Barbara K.Lipska, Elaine McArdle The Neuroscientist Who Lost Her Mind - My Tale of Madness and Recovery (Paperback)
Barbara K.Lipska, Elaine McArdle
R282 R227 Discovery Miles 2 270 Save R55 (20%) Shipped within 7 - 11 working days
Beautiful Brain: The Drawings of Ramon y Cajal - The Drawings of Ramon y Cajal (Hardcover): Larry Swanson, Eric Newman Beautiful Brain: The Drawings of Ramon y Cajal - The Drawings of Ramon y Cajal (Hardcover)
Larry Swanson, Eric Newman
R810 R495 Discovery Miles 4 950 Save R315 (39%) Shipped within 7 - 12 working days

Santiago Ramon y Cajal (1852-1934), the father of modern neuroscience and a Nobel laureate, was an exceptional artist. He devoted his life to the anatomy of the brain, the body's most complex and mysterious organ. His superhuman feats of visualisation, based on fanatically precise techniques and countless hours at the microscope, resulted in some of the most remarkable illustrations in the history of science. Beautiful Brain presents a selection of his exquisite drawings of brain cells, brain regions and neural circuits with accessible descriptive commentary. An art book at the crossroads of art and science, Beautiful Brain describes Cajal's contributions to neuroscience, explores his artistic roots and achievement and looks at his work in relation to contemporary neuroscience imaging techniques.

Ecology, Biodiversity and Conservation - Detecting and Responding to Alien Plant Incursions (Paperback): John Wilson, Dane... Ecology, Biodiversity and Conservation - Detecting and Responding to Alien Plant Incursions (Paperback)
John Wilson, Dane Panetta, Cory Lindgren
R858 Discovery Miles 8 580 Shipped within 7 - 12 working days

Ecologists, land managers and policymakers continue to search for the most effective ways to manage biological invasions. An emerging lesson is that proactive management can limit negative impacts, reduce risks and save money. This book explores how to detect and respond to alien plant incursions, summarising the most current literature, providing practical recommendations and reviewing the conditions and processes necessary to achieve prevention, eradication and containment. Chapter topics include assessing invasiveness and the impact of alien plants, how to improve surveillance efforts, how to make timely management decisions, and how legislation and strategic planning can support management. Each chapter includes text boxes written by international experts that discuss topical issues such as spatial predictive modelling, costing invasions, biosecurity, biofuels, and dealing with conflict species.

Animal Diversity (Paperback, 8th edition): Larry S Roberts, Susan L. Keen, David J. Eisenhour Animal Diversity (Paperback, 8th edition)
Larry S Roberts, Susan L. Keen, David J. Eisenhour
R3,258 Discovery Miles 32 580 Shipped within 7 - 12 working days

This text provides a concise introduction to the field of animal biology. Readers discover general principles of evolution, ecology, classification, systematics, and animal body plans. After these introductory chapters, readers delve into the biology of all groups of animals. The basic features of each group are discussed, along with evolutionary relationships among group members. Chapter highlights include newly discovered features of animals as they relate to ecology, conservation biology, and value to human society. Regular updates to the phylogenies within the book keep it current.

Cognition and Intractability - A Guide to Classical and Parameterized Complexity Analysis (Paperback): Iris van Rooij, Mark... Cognition and Intractability - A Guide to Classical and Parameterized Complexity Analysis (Paperback)
Iris van Rooij, Mark Blokpoel, Johan Kwisthout, Todd Wareham
R661 Discovery Miles 6 610 Shipped within 7 - 12 working days

Intractability is a growing concern across the cognitive sciences: while many models of cognition can describe and predict human behavior in the lab, it remains unclear how these models can scale to situations of real-world complexity. Cognition and Intractability is the first book to provide an accessible introduction to computational complexity analysis and its application to questions of intractability in cognitive science. Covering both classical and parameterized complexity analysis, it introduces the mathematical concepts and proof techniques that can be used to test one's intuition of (in)tractability. It also describes how these tools can be applied to cognitive modeling to deal with intractability, and its ramifications, in a systematic way. Aimed at students and researchers in philosophy, cognitive neuroscience, psychology, artificial intelligence, and linguistics who want to build a firm understanding of intractability and its implications in their modeling work, it is an ideal resource for teaching or self-study.

Europe - A Natural History (Hardcover): Tim Flannery Europe - A Natural History (Hardcover)
Tim Flannery 1
R480 R368 Discovery Miles 3 680 Save R112 (23%) Shipped within 4 - 8 working days

A place of exceptional diversity, rapid change, and high energy, Europe has literally been at the crossroads of the world ever since the interaction of Asia, North America and Africa formed the tropical island archipelago that would become the continent of today. In this unprecedented evolutionary history, Tim Flannery shows how for the past 100 million years Europe has absorbed wave after wave of immigrant species; taking them in, transforming them, and sometimes hybridising them. Flannery reveals how, in addition to playing a vital role in the evolution of our own species, Europe was once the site of the formation of the first coral reefs, the home of some of the world's largest elephants, and now has more wolves than North America. This groundbreaking book charts the history of the land itself and the forces shaping life on it - including modern humans - to create a portrait of a continent that continues to exert a huge influence on the world today.

Ecological Economics for the Anthropocene - An Emerging Paradigm (Paperback): Peter G. Brown, Peter Timmerman Ecological Economics for the Anthropocene - An Emerging Paradigm (Paperback)
Peter G. Brown, Peter Timmerman
R908 R687 Discovery Miles 6 870 Save R221 (24%) Shipped within 7 - 12 working days

Ecological Economics for the Anthropocene provides an urgently needed alternative to the long-dominant neoclassical economic paradigm of the free market, which has focused myopically-even fatally-on the boundless production and consumption of goods and services without heed to environmental consequences. The emerging paradigm for ecological economics championed in this new book recenters the field of economics on the fact of the Earth's limitations, requiring a total reconfiguration of the goals of the economy, how we understand the fundamentals of human prosperity, and, ultimately, how we assess humanity's place in the community of beings. Each essay in this volume contributes to an emerging, revolutionary agenda based on the tenets of ecological economics and advances new conceptions of justice, liberty, and the meaning of an ethical life in the era of the Anthropocene. Essays highlight the need to create alternative signals to balance one-dimensional market-price measurements in judging the relationships between the economy and the Earth's life-support systems. In a lively exchange, the authors question whether such ideas as "ecosystem health" and the environmental data that support them are robust enough to inform policy. Essays explain what a taking-it-slow or no-growth approach to economics looks like and explore how to generate the cultural and political will to implement this agenda. This collection represents one of the most sophisticated and realistic strategies for neutralizing the threat of our current economic order, envisioning an Earth-embedded society committed to the commonwealth of life and the security and true prosperity of human society.

An Ape's View of Human Evolution (Hardcover): Peter Andrews An Ape's View of Human Evolution (Hardcover)
Peter Andrews
R736 Discovery Miles 7 360 Shipped within 7 - 12 working days

Our closest living relatives are the chimpanzee and bonobo. We share many characteristics with them, but our lineages diverged millions of years ago. Who in fact was our last common ancestor? Bringing together ecology, evolution, genetics, anatomy and geology, this book provides a new perspective on human evolution. What can fossil apes tell us about the origins of human evolution? Did the last common ancestor of apes and humans live in trees or on the ground? What did it eat, and how did it survive in a world full of large predators? Did it look anything like living apes? Andrews addresses these questions and more to reconstruct the common ancestor and its habitat. Synthesising thirty-five years of work on both ancient environments and fossil and modern ape anatomy, this book provides unique new insights into the evolutionary processes that led to the origins of the human lineage.

The Neural Code of Pitch and Harmony (Paperback, New title): Gerald D. Langner The Neural Code of Pitch and Harmony (Paperback, New title)
Gerald D. Langner; Assisted by Christina Benson
R759 Discovery Miles 7 590 Shipped within 7 - 12 working days

Harmony is an integral part of our auditory environment. Resonances characterised by harmonic frequency relationships are found throughout the natural world and harmonic sounds are essential elements of speech, communication and, of course, music. Providing neurophysiological data and theories that are suitable to explain the neural code of pitch and harmony, the author demonstrates that musical pitch is a temporal phenomenon and musical harmony is a mathematical necessity based on neuronal mechanisms. Moreover, he offers new evidence for the role of an auditory time constant for speech and music perception as well as for similar neuronal processing mechanisms of auditory and brain waves. Successfully relating current neurophysiological results to the ancient ideas of Pythagoras, this unique title will appeal to specialists in the fields of neurophysiology, neuroacoustics, linguistics, behavioural biology and musicology as well as to a broader audience interested in the neural basis of music perception.

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