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Nestled in the heart of the Finger Lakes region, Auburn, New York, is home to some of the key figures in our nation's history. Both William Seward and Harriet Tubman lived in Auburn, as did Martha Coffin Wright, a pioneering figure in the struggle for women's suffrage. Auburn's significance to American life, however, goes beyond its role in political and social movements. The seeds of American development were sown and bore fruit in small urban centers like Auburn. The town's early and rapid success secured its place as a cornerstone of the North American industrial core. Anderson chronicles the story of Auburn and its inhabitants, individuals with the skills and ingenuity to nurture and sustain an economy of unprecedented growth. He describes the early settlers who capitalized on the rich geographic advantages of the area: abundant water power and access to transportation routes. The entrepreneurs and capital that Auburn attracted built it into a thriving community, one that became a center of invention, manufacturing, and finance in the mid-nineteenth century. Just as the high profits and rapid accumulation of wealth allowed the community to prosper and grow, these factors also initiated its decline. Anderson traces Auburn's momentous rise and gradual decline, illustrating American capitalism in its rawest form as it played out in small towns across the nation.
This illustrated history portrays one of England's finest counties. It provides a nostalgic look at Somerset's past and highlights the special character of some of its most important historic sites. The photographs are taken from the Historic England Archive, a unique collection of over 12 million photographs, drawings, plans and documents covering England's archaeology, architecture, social and local history. Pictures date from the earliest days of photography to the present and cover subjects from Bronze Age burials and medieval churches to cinemas and seaside resorts. Somerset has a huge variety of landscapes, the flat marshlands of the Somerset Levels contrasting with the Mendip, Quantock and Blackdown Hills and the moorlands of Exmoor, as well as a coastline along the Bristol Channel. Somerset was an important part of the Saxon kingdom of Wessex and the region became prosperous in the Middle Ages through the wool trade. Although coal mining was developed in the north of the county and Yeovil became a centre of the aircraft and defence industries, much of Somerset is still largely rural, with the county town of Taunton in the heart of the county. Somerset draws many visitors to its historic attractions, not least the city of Bath with its Roman remains and Georgian architecture, the cathedral city of Wells and the town of Glastonbury with its striking Tor and abbey ruins. This book will help the reader to discover its remarkable history.
The city of Oxford has a long and prosperous history. First mentioned by name in the early tenth century as one of the burhs, or fortified places, that King Alfred and his descendants had constructed to protect Wessex from the Vikings, Oxford has played a significant part in many of the great historical events that have shaped the country. In the twelfth century the University of Oxford began to take shape, establishing the city as a centre of learning, which it remains today. Oxford at Work explores the life of this 'City of Dreaming Spires' and its people. It takes us from the founding of St Frideswide's nunnery in the eighth century and the emergence of its university in the late twelfth century - the first in the English-speaking world - through its growth and development as one of the country's leading centres of education, science, publishing and motor manufacturing, to its current status as one of the fastest growing and ethnically diverse cities in the UK.
A moving true story of of a young girl escaping hardship and coming of age in the Second World War. Margaret Ford grew up with her older brother Bobby in the mill town of Blackburn. Spending her early childhood living between her grandparents' rural pub and her parents' small terraced house, she thought they were a happy family. She was too young to understand her mother's sadness or that her father was gambling away what little money he earned. When she was ten, her father abandoned them, leaving her mother struggling to survive. Aged thirteen, Margaret took the hard decision to leave school and got a job in the dye works to help pay the rent. Later that year, war broke out . . . Coming of age in the Second World War, Margaret learned to live for the moment. As the boys she grew up with were killed in action, and Blackburn was bombed, she snatched happiness where she could find it. By the time she was seventeen, she was a regular at the dance halls, where the young soldiers were eager to court her. But her childhood sweetheart, Raymond, was thousands of miles away, serving on a submarine in the Far East. Would she ever see him again? Poignant yet heart-warming, A Daughter's Choice brilliantly evokes a lost world, seen through the eyes of a courageous and spirited young woman who never gave up on her dreams.
This illustrated history portrays one of England's finest cities. It provides a nostalgic look at Brighton and Hove's past and highlights the special character of some of its most important historic sites. The photographs are taken from the Historic England Archive, a unique collection of over 12 million photographs, drawings, plans and documents covering England's archaeology, architecture, social and local history. Pictures date from the earliest days of photography to the present and cover subjects from Bronze Age burials and medieval churches to cinemas and seaside resorts. Brighton and Hove may only have been combined as a city since the turn of the millennium, but it is one of the country's most famous locations. Brighton and Hove have grown from their early days as small fishing and farming settlements to become the country's premier seaside resort, and the historic journey experienced by these two is what brings many of the near 11 million visitors the city welcomes each year. In Historic England: Brighton & Hove, Brighton-born author Kevin Newman explores the places to play, stay, live, love, work and learn in the city. The reader is presented with a visual selection of the history of this most vibrant, cultural, cosmopolitan and eccentric city, presenting a fascinating look at Brighton and Hove's past.
The RFC used the Ramsgate site for emergency landings during December 1914, but it was not developed until the 1930s when Ramsgate councillors proposed an airport be established, and flying commenced in June 1935. Popularity was increased by Sir Alan Cobham's National Aviation Day which was held on 1 August 1935, and a Flying Flea Rally took place in 1936. Crilly and Hillman Airways moved in, but suspended services very soon afterwards. The airfield was extended in 1936, and Flying Holidays took place. On 3 July 1937, Ramsgate Airport Ltd reopened the airport, and the following year the Royal Auxiliary Air Force held summer camps there. Thanet Aero Club joined the Civil Air Guard scheme, and Southern Airways operated a service across the Thames Estuary during the summer, but this all came to a close when war was declared on 3 September 1939. The airfield reopened in 1940 for military use and during the Battle of Britain, Ramsgate, along with nearby RAF Manston, was bombed on 24 August 1940. Following this, and with invasion fears at their height, the airport was obstructed, not reopening until 27 June 1953. Air Kruise Ltd operated on a lease from Ramsgate Cooperation, flying to Europe, and Skyphotos and Skyflights 1950s took over until the summer of 1958. Chrisair started joyriding in 1960, and following their departure in 1963 little happened until East Kent Air Services formed in 1967, but they were not commercially successful and Ramsgate Airport finally closed during 1968. Developers took over and the Art Deco Terminal/Clubhouse was demolished. This book is witness to Ramsgate Airport, now sadly gone.
Between the outbreak of the Second World War and the end of the century, life changed dramatically for the working-class people of the Black Country. Having survived the hardships of war, they found themselves facing a slew of social issues, all the while playing a vital role in manufacturing to stabilise the country's struggling economy. Innovations such as the wireless, television and cinema also brought huge societal changes that would move them closer to the present day. As well as a nostalgic look at the past, this book details the appalling health conditions, pollution, morality and crime in the region, before finally taking a look at the decline of crucial industries. Tom Larkin takes us back to the good old days and asks the question - whatever happened to the real Black Country? The author's royalties are being donated to the Wolverhampton charity Let Us Play.
The city of Newport, lying on the River Usk in South Wales, has been an important port serving Wales since medieval times. The Industrial Revolution brought enormous wealth to Newport, when it became the centre of coal exports from the Welsh Valleys, and although the docks have declined in recent years, large areas of Newport are being regenerated and the city still retains significant industries. Newport at Work explores the history of the city through the work and industries that have characterised it. The docks have played a vital role in the history of Newport, with its many ancillary industries that grew up with the docks, including the railways from the valleys. During the US Civil War many blockade runners came to Newport. The city was also the home of the Mole Wrench, Pell's Mint Humbugs and Lovell Confectionary's Milky Lunch, and the author includes the story of other businesses and shops since the late Victorian period. Recent industries include microbreweries and specialised crafts. This book will appeal to all those with an interest in the history of Newport.
Hawick is a town of great beauty within the Scottish Borders. The undulating terrain has given up its secrets over the centuries, revealing a cluster of ancient hill forts and Roman connections. The medieval village was founded in the twelfth century by Anglo-Norman settlers, although it was often overshadowed by its near neighbours, the great Border Abbey towns. A royal charter made Hawick a Burgh of Barony in 1511, while the period of lawlessness when the Border Reivers flourished saw stone fortifications built to protect the surrounding land and its people. Hawick's cultural epoch can arguably be traced back to 1514, when the settlement's young men, or 'callants', were called to arms to defeat a marauding band of English raiders. The Battle of Hornshole is today celebrated through the annual Hawick Common Riding, which, combined with the ancient tradition of 'riding the marches', adds to the town's unique and rich heritage. The size and shape of Hawick did not change radically until the Industrial Revolution, when the town experienced a boom period of growth and innovation. It is during this period that the earliest photographs of Hawick appeared. For a place of its size, Hawick has been home to an extraordinary wealth of talented photographers. Up to the current digital age, the 'grey auld toon' has been the subject of many fine snapshots - each capturing a unique moment in local history. This book aims to provide an insight into the past, by uncovering history through old photographs.
The historic Wiltshire market town of Chippenham has seen huge changes over the years. Its population has grown rapidly in recent decades and alongside its historic centre housing has spread out in new suburbs around the town that were formerly just villages. Today cattle traders can no longer be seen in Chippenham's marketplace but the town has retained many historic buildings. Industries other than agriculture have also shaped the town, including Westinghouse (now Siemens) railway signalling company. In Chippenham From Old Photographs author Chris Breach has drawn on a remarkable selection of old photographs to give a pictorial record of how much the town and the community has changed over the last century. Although many of the landmarks have remained the same over the years, the photographs show the town adapting and evolving with many other buildings being replaced and the pattern of life in the town changing for many too. This fascinating collection of images will be of interest to those who have lived in Chippenham or know it well as well as the many visitors to the area.
Today, millions of tourists from around the world are drawn to Windsor by its magnificent castle, dating from the eleventh century, and its wealth of royal history. Although the castle is at the heart of the town, this book reveals there are many more notable architectural gems - both ancient and modern - to be discovered there. For the visitors who come to Windsor, many will venture across its nineteenth-century bridge to explore its smaller neighbouring town of Eton, famous for its college, on the opposite side of the River Thames. In Windsor & Eton in 50 Buildings, authors Paul Rabbitts and Rob Ickinger takes readers on an engaging tour to discover fifty buildings and landmarks that capture the immense heritage of the towns, and to show how they have developed across the centuries. Among the places featured are Windsor's Guildhall and the charming seventeenth-century Crooked House.
From its status as the world's first industrialised city, through late twentieth-century decline and subsequent regeneration and rebirth as the 'Second City of the UK', Manchester has a proud and distinctive identity. This extraordinary history is embodied in the buildings that have shaped the city. Manchester in 50 Buildings explores the history of this rich and vibrant urban centre through a selection of its greatest architectural treasures. From Victorian classics such as the neo-Gothic Town Hall to the striking new additions to the city's skyline, such as Beetham Tower, this unique study celebrates the city's architectural heritage in a new and accessible way. Authors Deborah Woodman and Paul Rabbitts guide the reader on a tour of the city's historic buildings and modern architectural marvels.
Drawing on the resources of English Heritage's unrivalled photographic archives, The Thames Through Times is a photographic journey along the length of the tidal river and over almost 150 years. We see the rural Thames as it approaches London, riverside towns, the civic and commercial development of the riverbanks, the working docks and warehouses, the development of the web of bridges that now links north and south, barges, sailing ships and warships, the great flood defences and a tiny beach that flourished briefly at the Tower of London. Featuring the work of pioneers of photography and some of the great topographical photographers of the 20th century, and with a fascinating commentary by Stephen Croad, The Thames Through Time chronicles the ebb and flow of the life of the river.
Stirling may be one of the smallest cities in Scotland, but in terms of historical significance it is one of the most important. Originally a small settlement around the lowest crossing point for the River Forth, the nearby rocky outcrop offered an ideal position to construct a fort to defend the crossing. Stirling Castle is first documented around 1100 and by c. 1120 Stirling was granted a royal charter, creating the town. In the following centuries, due to its strategic position, Stirling was at the centre of many battles, leading to it being said 'He who holds Stirling, holds Scotland.' Major figures in Scottish history are associated with Stirling, including William Wallace, Robert the Bruce, Mary, Queen of Scots, King James IV and Bonnie Prince Charlie. Now a centre of tourism, many of these famous characters are significant in the city's lesser-known past. King James IV is reported to have had a keen interest in alchemy with a hidden workshop at Stirling Castle. It was here that the Italian alchemist John Damian in the early 1500s attempted the first recorded attempted flight in Scotland, with wings made from feathers. He leapt from the battlements of Stirling Castle and broke his thigh in the fall. Secret Stirling is fully illustrated throughout and will appeal to all those with an interest in this ancient city.
Our image of workhouses has often been coloured by the writings of authors such as Charles Dickens. But what was the reality? Where exactly were all these institutions located - and what happened to them? You might be surprised to discover that a building in your own town, now transformed into flats or part of a local hospital, was once a workhouse. Revealing buildings steeped in social history, 'Workhouses of London and the South East' provides a comprehensive and copiously illustrated guide to the workhouses that were set up across London and the neighbouring counties of Middlesex, Kent, Surrey, Sussex and Berkshire.
Bristol has been reinventing itself continuously, which has always brought new people and new ideas into a city with many old traditions. From its beginnings it was a port and many nationalities have made their home here, some for generations, some for just long enough to make their mark before moving on. Bristol was also the starting point for several voyages to the New World including John Cabot's discovery of Newfoundland in 1497. Even in the early twentieth century Bristol was called 'a grand muddle' and now it may seem a city that has lost much of its past, through enemy action, bad planning and indiscriminate demolition. Glancing around, there are many modern buildings of concrete, steel and glass, but scratch the surface and layers of history are uncovered, while here and there that history still remains in view - if you know where to look. In this book, local author Cynthia Stiles takes readers on an engaging history tour of Bristol to discover some of its places and the people who have lived and worked there over the centuries, including Samuel Plimsoll. There are the famous ships including SS Great Britain and The Matthew, the inns, hidden lanes, buildings and bridges. From hot-air balloons to explorers, press gangs to carnivals, and Cary Grant to Wallace and Gromit, this is a fascinating look at a vibrant and surprising city.
The historic city of Chester in Cheshire, in the north-west of England, experienced tragedies and hardships during the two World Wars. In the First World War many young men called up to fight in the conflict lost their lives, leaving communities bereft. On the Home Front, food shortages and the demands of wartime work in manufacturing and other vital wartime industries changed life for all. In the Second World War the city of Chester was a direct target for aerial bombing raids, destroying many homes and familiar buildings with a significant loss of life. Communities learned to deal with rationing, air raids and large numbers of evacuees. Both wars had a devastating effect on local communities, but both were also a time of courage and fortitude in an effort to continue with everyday life. In this book, historian Mike Royden has captured the tribulations of the times in words and pictures, telling the stories of many local men, women and children during these trying periods. Chester at War pays tribute to the people of this city who served, died and lived through the two World Wars, and how they managed to endure in the face of the horrors of conflict.
Barnstaple, the main town in North Devon, is quite possibly the oldest borough in the United Kingdom and is home to a community rich in history, ambition and achievement. The town still preserves its medieval layout. Its wealth was derived from its licence to export wool, which was also later imported from Ireland. After its harbour silted up, the growth of other industries such as sawmills, foundries and shipbuilding were established. Its Victorian market still survives and the railway is still in much use. In Barnstaple & Around: The Postcard Collection, authors Denise Holton and Elizabeth J. Hammett explore the town and its surrounding areas through the use of beautiful postcards.
Scunthorpe is the third largest settlement in Lincolnshire and is the administrative centre of the North Lincolnshire unitary authority. People have been living in the area for hundreds of years and making use of the local natural resource of ironstone. The town really began to thrive from the mid-nineteenth century thanks to the Industrial Revolution - between 1851 and 1901 the population had grown from 1,245 to 11,167. However, Scunthorpe has far more to it than its industrial heritage. It actually has a, perhaps unexpected, past that dates right back to the Stone Age. In Secret Scunthorpe local author Morgan Broadbent delves into this long history, revealing little-known stories and shedding light on aspects that deserve a greater amount of historical appreciation.
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