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The structure of the book is chronological, with digressions. From Roman and then Norman London, we move on to Chaucer's London - the city of the Peasants Revolt, Dick Whittington and the great Livery Companies. In Tudor and Stuart London many believed the city was being wrecked by over-population, over-building and the greed of speculators. Eighteenth-century London witnessed the South Sea Bubble, gin, highwaymen and the Gordon riots; but also banking, hospitals, and the elegant design of everyday things. In the nineteenth century, expanding vigorously, the city resisted any overall make-over. With Queen Victoria came the Railway Age, which made and unmade the city. Chartism, anti-semitism, overcrowding and cholera. But engineering triumphs too. If the First World War was a nightmare happening elsewhere, the amazing six years of 1939-45 were the city's finest hour. Post-1945, property developers took over, with disastrous results. The author celebrates the cosmopolitan city that mobility and immigration have created, while deploring the moronization' of the city, exemplified by the Millennium
The history of Dartmoor extends to several centuries BC, with surviving prehistoric remains dating back to the late Neolithic and early Bronze Age, and the largest concentration of Bronze Age remains in Britain. It has been a hunting ground for the Kings of Wessex, a royal forest, and home to farmers in ancient and medieval times, and a source of tin, iron and granite. In the twenty first century it has a resident population of about 33,000, including those in the towns of Ashburton, Buckfastleigh, Moretonhampstead, Princetown and Yelverton. Some areas have provided a training ground for the army, and in 1951 it was officially designated a National Park. Its legends abound, with tales of headless horsemen, pixies, a large black dog, a mysterious pack of hounds, and a visit said to have been made by the devil to Widecombe in 1638 during a fierce thunderstorm. It has also provided a home and inspiration to writers including Sir Arthur Conan Doyle, Agatha Christie, and John Galsworthy. These photographs span the era from the late nineteenth century to the mid twentieth century, chosen to show the diversity of the landscape, the towns and villages, and the different uses made of Dartmoor as a source of local employment and industry, as well as a haven for wildlife and recreation, and above all the beauty and spirit of the area.
Rome is 'the eternal city' and was a stopping-off place on the Grand Tour long before the days of photography. Despite the preservation of so many classic ruins across the city, there has been significant change. Over hundreds of years of flooding, the river Tiber deposited silt across the Forum and low-lying sites. Many archive images show a completely different ground level to the 21st century view, after excavation revealed their true height. When Mussoilini came to the power in 1922 he set about creating wider avenues and removing some of the older buildings, as can been from the changes to via della Conciliazione. Rome Then and Now visits all the major tourist locations in the city and shows pictures of how they once were, sometimes unfenced with goats grazing amongst the ruins! Sites include: St Peter's Square, Colosseum, Pantheon, Spanish Steps, Piazza del Popolo, the Forum, Trajan's Column, Trevi Fountain, Arch of Titus, Arch of Conatantine, Piazza Venezia, Piazza Navona, Quirinal Palace, Vittoriano, Tarpeian Hill, Palatine Hill, Circus Maximus.
Numerous back-to-back houses, two or three stories high, were built in Birmingham during the 19th century, the majority of them were still in quite good condition in the early 20th century. Most of these houses were concentrated in inner-city areas such as Ladywood, Handsworth, Aston, Small Heath and Highgate. By the early 1970s, almost all of Birmingham's back-to-back houses had been demolished. The occupants were re-housed in new council houses and flats, some in redeveloped inner-city areas, while the majority moved to new housing estates such as Castle Vale and Chelmsley Wood. In fact, back-to-backs were once the commonest form of housing in England, home to the majority of working people in Victorian cities, but they have now almost entirely vanished from our urban townscape. Author Ted Rudge, who is a National Trust guide at the Birmingham back-to-backs in Hurst Street (built in 1831), has collected many personal stories from people who grew up in these infamous houses. For some it was a harsh life, cramped and overcrowded, but it was also a place where life-long friendships and relationships were made. The approach of telling the story through oral history, before these stories are forgotten, will be a shock to many modern people who are completely oblivious that these living conditions were standard across much of the country. What was it like to live in a house with one bedroom and no running water? How did eleven families share two toilets? The rise and fall of the back-to-back is a sobering tale of how our nation houses its people, and illuminates the story of the development of urban Britain.
For this, the third book in a series on the area of Walworth, we let the people, old and new, speak first-hand about SE17. A few of those you will hear from have long since left Walworth physically, but it is a place they still hold dear to their hearts. Authors Mark Baxter and Darren Lock have collated quotes and, along with the use of social media, have managed to find many who have a tale to tell. Funny, sad, reflective, joyous - many moods are captured in these photographs, many of which have never been printed before. Walworth's strong sense of community is evident in the rich memories recounted in this volume. We hope the following pages also bring back memories for some of you as you read it. SE17 Forever!
While Appalachian stereotypes and often misplaced debates about essentialism in Appalachian character still cloud our understanding of the people of the region--especially in the wake of J. D. Vance's bestselling Hillbilly Elegy--the words of people who live in the region tell a far more complex story of diversity, hard times, perseverance, and unique experiences. Based on recorded interviews with three different women in different areas of Appalachia, Voices Worth the Listening is a carefully crafted oral history work that faithfully represents these women's lives using their own words. A powerful counter-narrative to the current conversation, Voices Worth the Listening presents three real stories of Appalachian people that are unvarnished and more than simply anecdotal. Race, class, drug culture, education, and socioeconomic mobility are all addressed in some way by these narratives. While the themes that emerge in these stories are by no means unique to Appalachia--indeed, they resonate in some ways with the experiences of disadvantaged and marginalized people in other regions of the country--these three women have lived much of their lives outside of the mainstream and their narrated experiences become a meaningful signpost for the people of Appalachia.
Dublin has many histories: for a thousand years a modest urban settlement on the quiet waters of the Irish Sea, for the last four hundred it has experienced great - and often astonishing - change. Once a fulcrum of English power in Ireland, it was also the location for the 1916 insurrection that began the rapid imperial retreat. That moment provided Joyce with the setting for the greatest modernist novel of the age, Ulysses, capping a cultural heritage which became an economic resource for the brash 'Tiger Town' of the 1990s. David Dickson's magisterial survey of the city's history brings Dublin to life from its medieval incarnation through the glamorous eighteenth century, when it reigned as the 'Naples of the North', through to the millennium. He reassesses 120 years of Anglo-Irish Union, in which Dublin - while economic capital of Ireland - remained, as it does today, a place in which rival creeds and politics struggled for supremacy. Dublin reveals the rich and intriguing story behind the making of a capital city.
Mumbles and the Gower peninsula occupy a very special corner of Wales that has much history and folklore. The peninsula was Britain's first Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty and many visitors are attracted to its beautiful beaches and stunning landscape. This fascinating new book about its inns and taverns encapsulates much of the area's history and character. Mumbles is a village by the sea once well known for oyster fishing, limestone quarrying and the Mumbles Train. The 'Mumbles Mile' became famous as a pub crawl in the 1970s but it was in business a very long time before that. The Welsh Sunday Closing Act of 1881 resulted in so-called 'travellers' taking advantage of a loophole and flocking to Mumbles in their thousands on Sundays and doing their best to drink the pubs dry. This and many other stories are related here, including those times when Dylan Thomas 'communed with those two legendary creatures, the Antelope and the Mermaid'. Gower's past includes many stories of shipwrecks and smuggling and its pubs played their part in this as well. The characters featured include Petty Officer Edgar Evans, who accompanied Captain Scott on his ill-fated journey to the South Pole, and the folk singer Phil Tanner, known as the Gower Nightingale, who married the landlady of the Welcome to Town in Llangennith over a century ago. This well-researched book relates the history of the area's pubs from backstreet locals to smart hotels and will delight all lovers of ale and anecdote.
Undervalued, under-listed and under threat, the buildings of Stoke-on-Trent stand defiant, reminders of the area's glorious economic heyday and its unique, almost perverse, municipal growth. The city's building stock often holds a mirror up to its people: pragmatic rather than flamboyant, humble rather than flaunting. It was not without reason that architectural historian Nikolaus Pevsner described Stoke's towns as an 'urban tragedy', yet their buildings reflect the innate qualities of local inhabitants. Their creativity and nose-to-the-grindstone graft produced handsome yet functional buildings such as Tunstall Town Hall, Etruria Methodist Chapel and the Twyford's factory at Cliffe Vale. Yet, here and there, we find extravagance and even eccentricity in the way of polychromatic facades, ceramic fascias, baroque detail and eye-catching relief pub signs. Stoke-on-Trent in 50 Buildings examines the city's notable architecture and offers original comment on how it compares with buildings and structures in other locations. Local historian and author Mervyn Edwards has spent nearly thirty years describing - and often drawing - the buildings of Stoke-on-Trent, and has seen many of them fall to the wrecking ball. This book offers his insights on some of those that stand today as cultural anchors in the city.
Today, Loughborough is known for its university's sporting reputation and its industries, but the second-largest town in Leicestershire has a long and varied history. It is believed there is an Iron Age fort on the university campus, and Loughborough is mentioned in the Domesday Book. Loughborough's history is evident in the buildings that stand today in the town. In this book local historian Lynne Dyer investigates these buildings to share the story of Loughborough. The buildings range from the oldest known in the town to some of the newest, and include those occupied by influential figures in Loughborough's history, showing not only who they were built by and the circumstances leading to their construction but also their significance in the social history of Loughborough. Medieval buildings can be found here such as the parish church, Old Rectory and Guildhall, ancient pubs and a manor house, as well as a wealth of buildings from its industrial past including John Taylor's bell foundry, the Great Central Railway and factories such as the Morris Works. The more recent history of Loughborough includes university buildings and a twenty-first-century mural to replace a partially demolished 1960s car park. Loughborough in 50 Buildings explores the history of this fascinating Leicestershire town through a selection of its most interesting buildings and structures, showing the changes that have taken place here over the years. This book will appeal to all those who live in Loughborough or who have an interest in the town.
SINCE ITS FIRST PUBLICATION in 1984, Night Falls in Ardnamurchan has become a classic account of the life and death of a Highland community. The author weaves his own humorous and perceptive account of crofting with extracts from his father's journal - a terse, factual and down to earth vision of the day-to-day tasks of crofting life. It is an unusual and memorable story that also illuminates the shifting, often tortuous relationships between children and their parents. Alasdair Maclean reveals his own struggle to come to terms with his background and the isolated community he left so often and to which he returned again and again. In this isolated community is seen a microcosm of something central to Scottish identity - the need to escape against the tug of home.
In the middle of the nineteenth century, the Salish, Pend d'Oreille, and Kootenai tribes of western Montana navigated a world of military struggles with enemy tribes in alliance with the newly arrived tribe of white Americans. By the last quarter of the century-from 1875 to 1889-the paradigm had shifted, as the tribes worked to keep the peace and preserve their tribal rights and assets against the onslaught of the growing white population. In just fifteen years, the Flathead Reservation tribes careened from dramatic efforts to stay out of the 1877 Nez Perce War to pressing the white justice system to punish white men who murdered Indians. In 1889 the Missoula County sheriff actively pursued Indians accused of murdering white men, but whites accused of killing Pend d'Oreille chief Michelle's relatives and Kootenai chief Eneas's son went unpunished. In 1882 tribal leaders negotiated terms for the sale of a railroad right of way through the reservation. Throughout the 1880s, Chief Charlo worked to secure the Salish's right to remain in the Bitterroot and, if possible, obtain enough government aid to help establish a self-supporting Salish community in the Bitterroot Valley.
The city of York is one of England's most historic and best preserved cities, which is uniquely reflected in this fascinating new compilation. Contrasting a selection of ninety archive images alongside full-colour modern photographs, this unique book captures how the city used to be and how it looks today. Accompanied by informative captions, each page captures life in the area as it once was - and is now. Featuring streets and buildings, shops and businesses, and the people of York, all aspects of life in the city are covered, providing a fascinating insight into the changing face of the city. As well as delighting the many tourists who visit the city, York Then & Now will provide today's residents with a glimpse of how the city used to look, in addition to awakening nostalgic memories for those who used to live or work here.
Edinburgh has always been different. It was affected less than most other cities in Britain by the Industrial Revolution, remaining essentially professional rather than industrial, while enjoying a reputation as a hub of intellectual thought during the Scottish Enlightenment of the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries. Adam Smith, David Hume, James Hutton and John Playfair are only a few of the many eminent thinkers associated with the city. It was also during this period that the city began to spread beyond the confines of the cramped Old Town tenements, extending northwards with the building of the Georgian New Town, and eventually swallowing up many smaller surrounding settlements, including the port of Leith. Edinburgh at Work explores the working life of this great city, from humble beginnings to its current status as the UK's second financial centre after London and the fourth largest in Europe. In a fascinating series of contemporary photographs and illustrations it looks at the consequences of rapid urbanisation, the rise in the city's economic fortunes through the nineteenth century, the growth of tourism from the postwar period and the opening of the Scottish Parliament. Along the way it explores the development of Scotland's capital from relative obscurity to international renown as home to the world's largest arts festival and the strongest economy of any city in the UK outside London.
Warwickshire's 100 mile Centenary Way and the linked circular walks are more than just a walk in the countryside, they are a journey through a millennium, embracing the history and heritage of the land, the buildings and the people. The Centenary Way starts in the north-east corner of the county, at Kingsbury Water Park alongside the River Tame. Following the County's north, then eastern, boundary it follows quiet paths and canals which touch redundant and forgotten industrial heritage. Then, turning south, through the vale of the River Avon, ancient forests, wide countryside, historical villages and the towns and castles of Kenilworth and Warwick embroider the view. The continuing journey, across the agricultural landscape of the Feldon region, climbs the heights of the Burton Dassett and Edge hills, passing through villages largely untouched by time. The final leg caresses the edge of the Cotswolds to finish in the south-west corner at Upper Quinton. Detailed descriptions of the walks and the accompanying clear maps will give confidence to the novice walker.
The close-knit villages of the Dearne Valley were home to four generations of the Hollingworth family. Spanning Richard Benson's great-grandmother Winnie's ninety-two years in the valley, and drawing on years of historical research, interviews and anecdotes, The Valley lets us into generations of carousing and banter as the family's attempts to build a better and fairer world for themselves meet sometimes with triumph, sometimes with bitter defeat. Against a backdrop of underground explosions, strikes and pit closures, these are unflinching, deeply personal stories of battles between the sexes in a man's world sustained by strong women; of growing up, and the power of love and imagination to transform lives.
The North Devon town of Barnstaple has a claim to being the oldest borough in England. Its location on the River Taw, from which shipping could reach the Bristol Channel, enabled it to grow as a major port in the south-west of England in the Middle Ages. The wool trade brought prosperity to Barnstaple and the town that grew up around the port has a recognisable layout from this period. Although the wool trade had declined by the eighteenth century, the town developed other industries, and the surviving nineteenth-century market building is evidence of the continuing importance of Barnstaple to the surrounding area. In this book local authors Denise Holton and Elizabeth J. Hammett take the reader on a fascinating A-Z tour of the town's history and the surrounding area, telling the story of its buildings, places and people along the way. Fully illustrated with photographs from the past and present, A-Z of Barnstaple will appeal to all those with an interest in this North Devon town.
The West Sussex town of Horsham, lying on the River Arun in the Weald, has given its name to the famous Horsham stone, a sandstone quarried locally and used since the Middle Ages for roof tiles and paving slabs. The area was known for its fossils in Victorian times and rival collectors of the day made important discoveries in and around Horsham, including three iguanodons. St Leonard's Forest on the edge of Horsham has also shaped the town, with iron smelting taking place there from Roman times, as well as charcoal and brick making. In this book author Maggie Weir-Wilson reveals the hidden history of Horsham. Unsavoury tasks such as public hangings were banished to the common on the edge of town, along with leather tanning, while the town centre was the home of several weekly markets and annual fairs. A dragon was reported to be stalking the area in 1614 and is now a symbol of the town. The area was also the home of the young Catherine Howard, Henry VIII's fifth wife, as well as William Penn, the founder of Pennsylvania, and the radical poet Percy Bysshe Shelley. There are tales of ghastly crimes and punishment, the impact of wars at home and abroad, famous and notorious characters, writers and artists, poverty, industry, wealth and more in Secret Horsham as the author explores the little-known history of this West Sussex town.
Pembroke, which gave its name to the present County of Pembrokeshire, is a medieval walled town complete with a magnificent castle dating back to the eleventh century. Many of the great and famous form part of our story: for example, Pembroke castle was the birthplace of Henry VII, founder of the Tudor dynasty. More, its story stretches back into the mists of prehistory when 10,000 years ago man made his way up the Pembroke river to set up home in the Cat's Hole Cave and Wogan's Cavern. Once a thriving port and agricultural centre, now - all industry gone - a tourist destination, there is so much to find out about our fascinating town. Pembroke & Around Through Time shows some of the extraordinary changes that have occurred, not just in Pembroke, but also the surrounding area, over the last 100 years.
Ballsbridge, the "embassy belt" at the leafy heart of South Dublin, is home to Royal Dublin Society (RDS), the British and American embassies, the Aviva Stadium, and an array of the Great Houses of Ireland. Ailesbury Road and Shrewsbury Road have long been the most expensive streets in the country, and in 2007, Shrewsbury Road had the dubious honor of being the sixth most expensive street in the world. Aside from the area's conspicuous grandeur, it is also steeped in history. Herbert Park was the site of the visit of King George V, the last monarch to visit Ireland until Queen Elizabeth II in 2011, and throughout its wide streets are statues and mementos of the great moments of the Irish state. This book captures the changing face of the one of the most striking parts of all Ireland.
North Shields and Tynemouth today, like most towns and cities, are products of history. Their shops, offices, residential areas, transport and leisure facilities are the result of commercial and political decisions of the recent and distant past. However, for every development scheme that was built, as many, if not more, were proposed but never actualised. Some were hare-brained proposals making little financial or practical sense. Others were sensible ideas but were unpopular locally or there was just not the funds or political drive to build them. This book explores some of the schemes that didn't happen. These are plans for development and redevelopment that, for one reason or another, never came to fruition but now give us a glimpse into North Shields and Tynemouth as they might have been.
Although perhaps overshadowed by the fame of the Great Western Railway's sea wall section of railway west of Exeter, the Chester & Holyhead Railway, opened in full by 1850, has much to offer as it wends its way west. Passing the mudflats of the Dee Estuary and onto the coast of the Irish Sea for much of the 40 miles from Mostyn to Bangor, the line bisects huge holiday parks, cuts through a walled town and medieval castle and runs the entire length of an island separate from the mainland before terminating at the famous port. Here, author Richard Billingsley shows the reader and possible visitors to the North Wales Coast Main Line what the modern railway scene has to offer, and the scenery that it takes place in.
The ancient Shropshire market town of Oswestry, just to the west of Shrewsbury and close to the Welsh border, has not changed a great deal since the Battle of Maserfield in 642, which is perhaps why the town is so popular among discerning tourists and those in search of a quiet life. In this unique and fascinating series of new and old photographs, local author and historian David Trumper explores how the town and the surrounding villages have changed over the years, as well as highlighting how much has stayed the same. Featured here are many beautiful images of Oswestry's centre, its streets and buildings, local people at work and play, and the stunning countryside around the town, making this book essential reading for anyone interested in the history of Oswestry.
The Port of Dover is Europe's busiest ferry port and is situated in south-east England. It is the nearest port to France, which is twenty-one miles away, and the world's busiest passenger port, with 12 million travellers, 2.5 million lorries, 2.2 million cars and motorcycles and 87,000 coaches passing through it each year. The port is owned and operated by the Dover Harbour Board, which was formed by Royal Charter in 1606 by King James I. It has an annual turnover of GBP59.8 million and the board members are appointed by the government. P&O Ferries and DFDS Seaways operate services to Calais and Dunkirk from the Eastern Docks. These docks were used for ship-breaking during the First World War and finally closed in 1964. In 1966 over 600,000 vehicles travelled through Dover's Eastern Docks to France and Belgium. The Western Docks are formed by the western arm of the harbour and include Admiralty Pier and other port facilities. They were used as a terminal for the Golden Arrow and other cross-channel train services. The railway station closed in 1994 and this area of the port was used for cross-channel hovercraft services operated by Hoverspeed, which was declared bankrupt in 2005. The railway station re-opened as the Dover Cruise Terminal and can accommodate up to three cruise ships at a time. The White Cliffs remain one of the most iconic and memorable parts of the Kent coast and the strategic importance of the town has been recognised throughout its history.
Camberwell is an important part of the London Borough of Southwark, the city's most historic borough. This vibrant part of South London is full of fascinating history. It was the birthplace of the poet Robert Browning and the politician Joseph Chamberlain. It was also home to authors John Ruskin and Muriel Spark. Mendolssohn was inspired to write his 'Spring Song', originally entitled 'Camberwell Green', while staying at Denmark Hill, where Ruskin Park is today. Author and historian Eddie Brazil grew up in Camberwell and from the early 1970s began to photograph his surroundings, knowing that developers were changing the district and that it would never be the same again. In this collection of previously unpublished images, local histories and people's stories he illustrates the history of this South London district, providing a fascinating insight for newcomers and some valuable memories for long-time residents.
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