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This handy reference compiles the latest data on the corrosion
behavior of materials coming into contact with CO2 -- with 95% of
the contents previously unpublished.
Symposium U, "Nuclear Radiation Detection Materials," held April 26 28 at the 2011 MRS Spring Meeting in San Francisco, California was a continuation of the 2009 symposium and provided the latest research in nuclear radiation detection materials. Types of detector materials include semiconductors and scintillators, which are represented by a variety of new scintillator materials; novel semiconductors; and traditional detection materials. There is a strong need for new materials and methods for a variety of radiation detection applications in this rapidly growing field. The symposium gave an overview of the crystal growth of radiation detector materials and the characterization and technology issues and moved on to discuss several important improvements for the development of future radiation detectors.
The favorite study guide of engineering students around the world, Schaums have an easy-to-follow format, a solved-problem approach to learning, and clear explanations of both theory and application. This popular introduction to statics and strengths of materials gives you 435 problems solved step by step, plus hundreds more problems to try on your own (you can check your answers at the back of the book.) With thorough introductions to basic principles; nonconcurrent and concurrent coplanar force systems; stress, torsion, shear, deflection, and deformation; connections; and all other important topics taught in this course, this guide can help you spend less time studying and still make better grades!
The first book offering a global overview of fundamental microfluidics and the wide range of possible applications, for example, in chemistry, biology, and biomedical science. As such, it summarizes recent progress in microfluidics, including its origin and development, the theoretical fundamentals, and fabrication techniques for microfluidic devices. The book also comprehensively covers the fluid mechanics, physics and chemistry as well as applications in such different fields as detection and synthesis of inorganic and organic materials. A useful reference for non-specialists and a basic guideline for research scientists and technicians already active in this field or intending to work in microfluidics.
Photovoltaics have received increasing attention in the last decade from the research community as well as industry. The PV market has grown at compound annual rates of 20-40%, and new technologies such as thin films based on CdTe and Cu(In,Ge)Se2 have taken a hold in the market. Tremendous research and development innovation in photovoltaics is occurring around the world. Symposium C, 'Advanced Materials Processing for Scalable Solar-Cell Manufacturing', at the 2011 MRS Spring Meeting held April 25-29 in San Francisco, California, provided a forum for exploring advanced materials processing for manufacturing of solar photovoltaics, with new research highlighted by academia and industry (start-ups and large companies) alike.
Symposium NN, 'Electronic Organic and Inorganic Hybrid Nanomaterials-Synthesis, Device Physics and their Applications', was held April 25-29 at the 2011 MRS Spring Meeting in San Francisco, California. The possibility of combining properties of organic and inorganic components in a unique hybrid composite material creates many potential applications. The combination at the nanosize level of inorganic and organic, or even bioactive components, in a single material has made accessible an immense new area of materials science that has extraordinary implications in the development of multifunctional materials. The promising applications are expected in many fields, including display, thin film transistors, electronic memory and switching devices, photonics, sensors and biological applications. This volume is a collection of 26 excellent papers from the proceedings.
Symposium V, 'Rare-Earth Doping of Advanced Materials for Photonic Applications', Spring Meeting, Materials Research Society, San Francisco, April 25-29, 2011. It brought together researchers from a number of fields that traditionally do not interact closely with each other and provided the semiconductor, phosphors and device communities with a unique opportunity to discuss fundamental topics of common interest that underlie the emission in rare-earth-doped materials. Such a mix of different research topics, silicon photonics, phosphors, oxides and wide band gap materials including III-nitride semiconductors, to name a few, greatly promotes a healthy and vigorous exchange of ideas. The goal of this symposium was to highlight the status of light emission at infrared and visible wavelengths from rare-earth-doped phosphors as well as semiconductors. Issues of rare-earth-materials applications for green technologies, sustainability and opportunities for development of multifunctional devices utilizing magnetic, electric and pressure stimuli were also addressed.
Combustion Thermodynamics and Dynamics builds on a foundation of thermal science, chemistry, and applied mathematics that will be familiar to most undergraduate aerospace, mechanical, and chemical engineers to give a first-year graduate-level exposition of the thermodynamics, physical chemistry, and dynamics of advection-reaction-diffusion. Special effort is made to link notions of time-independent classical thermodynamics with time-dependent reactive fluid dynamics. In particular, concepts of classical thermochemical equilibrium and stability are discussed in the context of modern nonlinear dynamical systems theory. The first half focuses on time-dependent spatially homogeneous reaction, while the second half considers effects of spatially inhomogeneous advection and diffusion on the reaction dynamics. Attention is focused on systems with realistic detailed chemical kinetics as well as simplified kinetics. Many mathematical details are presented, and several quantitative examples are given. Topics include foundations of thermochemistry, reduced kinetics, reactive Navier-Stokes equations, reaction-diffusion systems, laminar flame, oscillatory combustion, and detonation.
Unparalleled in the breadth and depth of its coverage of all important aspects, this book systematically treats the electronic and magnetic properties of stoichiometric and non-stoichiometric cobaltites in both ordered and disordered phases. Authored by a pioneer and a rising star in the field, the monograph summarizes, organizes and streamlines the otherwise difficult-to-obtain information on this topic. An introductory chapter sets forth the crystal chemistry of cobalt oxides to lay the groundwork for an understanding of the complex phenomena observed in this materials class. Special emphasis is placed on a comprehensive discussion of cobaltite physical properties in different structural families.
Providing a thorough introduction to cobalt oxides from a chemical and physical viewpoint as a basis for understanding their intricacies, this is a must-have for both experienced researchers as well as entrants to the field.
This new updated edition provides an unrivaled overview of fibrous materials, their processing, microstructure, properties, and applications. The entire range of fibrous materials is discussed in depth, from natural polymeric fibers such as silk and vegetable fibers, and synthetic polymeric fibers such as aramid and polyethylene, to metallic fibers including steel, tungsten, Nb-Ti, and Nb3Sn, ceramic fibers such as alumina and silicon carbide, and carbon and glass fibers. Fundamental concepts are explained clearly and concisely along with detail on applications in areas including medicine, aerospace, optical communications, and recycling. Significant recent advances are also covered, with new information on the electrospinning of fibers, carbon nanotubes, and photonic bandgap fibers, and detail on advances made in the production and control of microstructure in high stiffness and high strength fibers. Accessibly written and unrivaled in scope, this is an ideal resource for students and researchers in materials science, physics, chemistry, and engineering.
This complete, yet concise, guide introduces you to the rapidly developing field of high throughput screening of biomaterials: materiomics. Bringing together the key concepts and methodologies used to determine biomaterial properties, you will understand the adaptation and application of materomics in areas such as rapid prototyping, lithography and combinatorial chemistry. Each chapter is written by internationally renowned experts, and includes tutorial paragraphs on topics such as biomaterial-banking, imaging, assay development, translational aspects, and informatics. Case studies of state-of-the-art experiments provide illustrative examples, whilst lists of key publications allow you to easily read up on the most relevant background material. Whether you are a professional scientist in industry, a student, or a researcher, this book is not to be missed if you are interested in the latest developments in biomaterials research.
At the interface of biology, chemistry, and materials science, this
book provides an overview of this vibrant research field, treating
the seemingly distinct disciplines in a unified way by adopting the
common viewpoint of surface science.
Symposium Y, 'Nanomaterials Integration for Electronics, Energy and Sensing', was held November 29-December 3 at the 2010 MRS Fall Meeting in Boston, Massachusetts. The symposium provided a forum for scientists and engineers to showcase their latest research results focused on the challenges of integration in combining diverse nanomaterials together across length scales and into nanosystems to achieve novel properties and performance. The final program of this symposium consisted of over 240 papers (15 invited) presented over 14 sessions (10 oral and 4 poster). The symposium also included two joint sessions with: 1) Symposium B, 'Carbon-Based Electronic Devices - Processing, Performance, and Reliability'; 2) Symposium Z, 'Hierarchical Materials and Composites - Combining Length Scales from Nano to Macro'. The overarching theme of the symposium resonated with the idea that advances in nanotechnology will ultimately be enabled by the invention, development and refinement of methods for the integration of nanomaterials into useful architectures and systems.
This book bridges the gap between general plasma physics lectures and the real world problems in MHD stability. In order to support the understanding of concepts and their implication, it refers to real world problems such as toroidal mode coupling or nonlinear evolution in a conceptual and phenomenological approach. Detailed mathematical treatment will involve classical linear stability analysis and an outline of more recent concepts such as the ballooning formalism. Accompanying Maple files (see Wiley?s homepage) show approaches to mathematical problem that are analytically not treatable. The book is based on lectures that the author has given to Master and PhD students in Fusion Plasma Physics. Due its strong link to experimental results in MHD instabilities, the book is also of use to senior researchers in the field, i.e. experimental physicists and engineers in fusion reactor science. The volume is organized in three parts. It starts with an introduction to the MHD equations, a section on toroidal equilibrium (tokamak and stellarator), and on linear stability analysis. Starting from there, the ideal MHD stability of the tokamak configuration will be treated in the second part which is subdivided into current driven and pressure driven MHD. This includes many examples with reference to experimental results for important MHD instabilities such as kinks and their transformation to RWMs, infernal modes, peeling modes, ballooning modes and their relation to ELMs. Finally the coverage is completed by a chapter on resistive stability explaining reconnection and island formation. Again, examples from recent tokamak MHD such as sawteeth, CTMs, NTMs and their relation to disruptions are extensively discussed.
The first in-depth treatment of the synthesis, processing, and
characterization of nanomaterials using lasers, ranging from
fundamentals to the latest research results, this handy reference
is divided into two main sections. After introducing the concepts
of lasers, nanomaterials, nanoarchitectures and laser-material
interactions in the first two chapters, the book goes on to discuss
the synthesis of various nanomaterials in vacuum, gas and liquids.
The second half discusses various nanomaterial characterization
techniques involving lasers, from Raman and photoluminescence
spectroscopies to light dynamic scattering, laser spectroscopy and
such unusual techniques as laser and photo acoustic, laser
ultrasound, and laser-induced thermal pulses.
Polymer composites are materials in which the matrix polymer is reinforced with organic/inorganic fillers of a definite size and shape, leading to enhanced performance of the resultant composite. These materials find a wide number of applications in such diverse fields as geotextiles, building, electronics, medical, packaging, and automobiles. This first systematic reference on the topic emphasizes the characteristics and dimension of this reinforcement. The authors are leading researchers in the field from academia, government, industry, as well as private research institutions across the globe, and adopt a practical approach here, covering such aspects as the preparation, characterization, properties and theory of polymer composites. The book begins by discussing the state of the art, new challenges, and opportunities of various polymer composite systems. Interfacial characterization of the composites is discussed in detail, as is the macro- and micromechanics of the composites. Structure-property relationships in various composite systems are explained with the help of theoretical models, while processing techniques for various macro- to nanocomposite systems and the influence of processing parameters on the properties of the composite are reviewed in detail. The characterization of microstructure, elastic, viscoelastic, static and dynamic mechanical, thermal, tribological, rheological, optical, electrical and barrier properties are highlighted, as well as their myriad applications. Divided into three volumes: Vol. 1. Macro- and Microcomposites; Vol. 2. Nanocomposites; and Vol. 3. Biocomposites.
Written by the founder of the field, this is the first text of its kind, providing a definitive introduction to structural DNA nanotechnology. Readers will learn everything there is to know about the subject from the unique perspective of the leading expert in the field. Topics covered range from origins and history, to design, experimental techniques, DNA nanomechanics devices, computing, and the uses of DNA nanotechnology in organising other materials. Clearly written, and benefiting from over 200 full colour illustrations, readers will find this an accessible and easy to follow text that is essential reading for anyone who wants to enter this rapidly growing field. Ideal for advanced undergraduate and graduate students, as well as researchers in a range of disciplines including nanotechnology, materials science, physics, biology, chemistry, computational science and engineering.
Adopting a novel approach, this book provides a unique "molecular
perspective" on plasmonics, concisely presenting the fundamentals
and applications in a way suitable for beginners entering this hot
field as well as for experienced researchers and
This comprehensive volume is unique in presenting the typically decoupled fields of Matrix Structural Analysis (MSA) and Finite Element Methods (FEM) in a cohesive framework. MSA is used not only to derive formulations for truss, beam, and frame elements, but also to develop the overarching framework of matrix analysis. FEM builds on this foundation with numerical approximation techniques for solving boundary value problems in steady-state heat and linear elasticity. Focused on coding, the text guides the reader from first principles to explicit algorithms. This intensive, code-centric approach actively prepares the student or practitioner to critically assess the performance of commercial analysis packages and explore advanced literature on the subject.
An integrated, modern approach to transport phenomena for graduate students, featuring traditional and contemporary examples to demonstrate the diverse practical applications of the theory. Written in an easy to follow style, the basic principles of transport phenomena, and model building are recapped in Chapters 1 and 2 before progressing logically through more advanced topics including physicochemical principles behind transport models. Treatments of numerical, analytical, and computational solutions are presented side by side, often with sample code in MATLAB, to aid students' understanding and develop their confidence in using computational skills to solve real-world problems. Learning objectives and mathematical prerequisites at the beginning of chapters orient students to what is required in the chapter, and summaries and over 400 end-of-chapter problems help them retain the key points and check their understanding. Online supplementary material including solutions to problems for instructors, supplementary reading material, sample computer codes, and case studies complete the package.
This text focuses on a variety of topics in mathematics in common usage in graduate engineering programs including vector calculus, linear and nonlinear ordinary differential equations, approximation methods, vector spaces, linear algebra, integral equations and dynamical systems. The book is designed for engineering graduate students who wonder how much of their basic mathematics will be of use in practice. Following development of the underlying analysis, the book takes students through a large number of examples that have been worked in detail. Students can choose to go through each step or to skip ahead if they so desire. After seeing all the intermediate steps, they will be in a better position to know what is expected of them when solving assignments, examination problems, and when on the job. Chapters conclude with exercises for the student that reinforce the chapter content and help connect the subject matter to a variety of engineering problems. Students have grown up with computer-based tools including numerical calculations and computer graphics; the worked-out examples as well as the end-of-chapter exercises often use computers for numerical and symbolic computations and for graphical display of the results.
This book provides a comprehensive state-of-the-art overview of the optical properties of graphene. During the past decade, graphene, the most ideal and thinnest of all two-dimensional materials, has become one of the most widely studied materials. Its unique properties hold great promise to revolutionize many electronic, optical and opto-electronic devices. The book contains an introductory tutorial and 13 chapters written by experts in areas ranging from fundamental quantum mechanical properties to opto-electronic device applications of graphene.
Flow Measurement Handbook is a reference for engineers on flow measurement techniques and instruments. It strikes a balance between laboratory ideas and the realities of field experience and provides practical advice on design, operation and performance of flowmeters. It begins with a review of essentials: accuracy, flow, selection and calibration methods. Each chapter is then devoted to a flowmeter class and includes information on design, application installation, calibration and operation. Among the flowmeters discussed are differential pressure devices such as orifice and Venturi, volumetric flowmeters such as positive displacement, turbine, vortex, electromagnetic, magnetic resonance, ultrasonic, acoustic, multiphase flowmeters and mass meters, such as thermal and Coriolis. There are also chapters on probes, verification and remote data access.
Proceeding of the 42nd International Conference on Advanced Ceramics and Composites, Ceramic Engineering and Science Proceedings Volume 39, Issue 2, 2018 Jonathan Salem, Dietmar Koch, Peter Mechnich, Mihails Kusnezoff, Narottam Bansal, Jerry LaSalvia, Palani Balaya, Zhengyi Fu, and Tatsuki Ohji, Editors Valerie Wiesner and Manabu Fukushima, Volume Editors This proceedings contains a collection of 25 papers from The American Ceramic Society's 41st International Conference on Advanced Ceramics and Composites, held in Daytona Beach, Florida, January 21-26, 2018. This issue includes papers presented in the following symposia: - Symposium 1: Mechanical Behavior and Performance of Ceramics and Composites - Symposium 2: Advanced Ceramic Coatings for Structural, Environmental, and Functional Applications - Symposium 3: 15th International Symposium on Solid Oxide Fuel Cells (SOFC) - Symposium 4: Armor Ceramics: Challenges and New Developments - Symposium 6: Advanced Materials and Technologies for Direct Thermal Energy Conversion and Rechargeable Energy Storage - Symposium 8: 12th International Symposium on Advanced Processing & Manufacturing
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