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The book includes all the subject matter covered in a typical undergraduate course in engineering thermodynamics. It includes 20 to 25 worked examples for each chapter, carefully chosen to expose students to diverse applications of engineering thermodynamics. Each worked example is designed to be representative of a class of physical problems. At the end of each chapter, there are an additional 10 to 15 problems for which numerical answers are provided.
The development of functional materials is at the heart of technological needs and the forefront of materials research. This book provides a comprehensive and up-to-date treatment of functional materials, which are needed for electrical, dielectric, electromagnetic, optical, and magnetic applications. Materials concepts covered are strongly linked to applications.Textbooks related to functional materials have not kept pace with technological needs and associated scientific advances. Introductory materials science textbooks merely gloss over functional materials while electronic materials textbooks focus on semiconductors and smart materials textbooks emphasize more on limited properties that pertain to structures.Functional Materials assumes that the readers have had a one-semester introductory undergraduate course on materials science. The coverage on functional materials is much broader and deeper than that of an introductory materials science course.The book features hundreds of illustrations to help explain concepts and provide quantitative information. The style is general towards tutorial. Most chapters include sections on example problems, review questions and supplementary reading.This book is suitable for use as a textbook in undergraduate and graduate engineering courses. It is also suitable for use as a reference book for professionals in the electronic, computer, communication, aerospace, automotive, transportation, construction, energy and control industries.
The 2016 International Workshop on Material Science and Environmental Engineering (IWMSEE2016) was held in Wuhan, Hubei, China from January 22nd to January 24th, 2016. Out of the 214 submissions from various parts of the world, only 85 papers were chosen by the Technical Program Committee.IWMSEE2016 aims to bring together researchers, engineers and students from the areas of Material Science and Environmental Engineering to share and discuss the output of their research and the progress made, in the areas of Material Science and Engineering, Environmental Protection and Sustainable Development, Renewable Energy and Building Energy Saving, Environmental Science and Engineering, Modeling, Simulation and Control System and Safety Management.The conference program is extremely rich and profound and features high-impact presentations of selected papers and additional ground-breaking contributions. All the selected papers demonstrate elements of originality, significance and clarity for the purpose of this conference.
The Duffing Equation: Nonlinear Oscillators and their Behaviour brings together the results of a wealth of disseminated research literature on the Duffing equation, a key engineering model with a vast number of applications in science and engineering, summarizing the findings of this research. Each chapter is written by an expert contributor in the field of nonlinear dynamics and addresses a different form of the equation, relating it to various oscillatory problems and clearly linking the problem with the mathematics that describe it. The editors and the contributors explain the mathematical techniques required to study nonlinear dynamics, helping the reader with little mathematical background to understand the text. The Duffing Equation provides a reference text for postgraduate and students and researchers of mechanical engineering and vibration / nonlinear dynamics as well as a useful tool for practising mechanical engineers. * Includes a chapter devoted to historical background on Georg Duffing and the equation that was named after him. * Includes a chapter solely devoted to practical examples of systems whose dynamic behaviour is described by the Duffing equation. * Contains a comprehensive treatment of the various forms of the Duffing equation. * Uses experimental, analytical and numerical methods as well as concepts of nonlinear dynamics to treat the physical systems in a unified way.
Galileo Unbound traces the journey that brought us from Galileo's law of free fall to today's geneticists measuring evolutionary drift, entangled quantum particles moving among many worlds, and our lives as trajectories traversing a health space with thousands of dimensions. Remarkably, common themes persist that predict the evolution of species as readily as the orbits of planets or the collapse of stars into black holes. This book tells the history of spaces of expanding dimension and increasing abstraction and how they continue today to give new insight into the physics of complex systems. Galileo published the first modern law of motion, the Law of Fall, that was ideal and simple, laying the foundation upon which Newton built the first theory of dynamics. Early in the twentieth century, geometry became the cause of motion rather than the result when Einstein envisioned the fabric of space-time warped by mass and energy, forcing light rays to bend past the Sun. Possibly more radical was Feynman's dilemma of quantum particles taking all paths at once - setting the stage for the modern fields of quantum field theory and quantum computing. Yet as concepts of motion have evolved, one thing has remained constant, the need to track ever more complex changes and to capture their essence, to find patterns in the chaos as we try to predict and control our world.
Master the principles of thermodynamics with this comprehensive undergraduate textbook, carefully developed to provide students of chemical engineering and chemistry with a deep and intuitive understanding of the practical applications of these fundamental ideas and principles. Logical and lucid explanations introduce core thermodynamic concepts in the context of their measurement and experimental origin, giving students a thorough understanding of how theoretical concepts apply to practical situations. A broad range of real-world applications relate key topics to contemporary issues, such as energy efficiency, environmental engineering and climate change, and further reinforce students' understanding of the core material. This is a carefully organized, highly pedagogical treatment, including over 500 open-ended study questions for discussion, over 150 varied homework problems, clear and objective standards for measuring student progress, and a password-protected solution manual for instructors.
Mesoporous materials are a class of molecules with a large and
uniform pore size, highly regular nanopores, and a large surface
area. This book is devoted to all aspects and types of these
materials and describes, in an in-depth and systematic manner, the
step-by-step synthesis and its mechanism, as well as the
characterization, morphology control, hybridization, and
applications, of mesoporous molecular sieves. In so doing, it
covers silicates, metal-doped silicates, nonsilicates, and
How will we meet rising energy demands? What are our options? Are there viable long-term solutions for the future? Learn the fundamental physical, chemical and materials science at the heart of: Renewable/non-renewable energy sources Future transportation systems Energy efficiency Energy storage Whether you are a student taking an energy course or a newcomer to the field, this textbook will help you understand critical relationships between the environment, energy and sustainability. Leading experts provide comprehensive coverage of each topic, bringing together diverse subject matter by integrating theory with engaging insights. Each chapter includes helpful features to aid understanding, including a historical overview to provide context, suggested further reading and questions for discussion. Every subject is beautifully illustrated and brought to life with full color images and color-coded sections for easy browsing, making this a complete educational package. Fundamentals of Materials for Energy and Environmental Sustainability will help enable today's scientists and educate future generations."
Beam theories are exploited worldwide to analyze civil, mechanical, automotive, and aerospace structures. Many beam approaches have been proposed during the last centuries by eminent scientists such as Euler, Bernoulli, Navier, Timoshenko, Vlasov, etc. Most of these models are problem dependent: they provide reliable results for a given problem, for instance a given section and cannot be applied to a different one.
"Beam Structures: Classical and Advanced Theories" proposes a new original unified approach to beam theory that includes practically all classical and advanced models for beams and which has become established and recognised globally as the most important contribution to the field in the last quarter of a century.
The Carrera Unified Formulation (CUF) has hierarchical properties, that is, the error can be reduced by increasing the number of the unknown variables. This formulation is extremely suitable for computer implementations and can deal with most typical engineering challenges. It overcomes the problem of classical formulae that require different formulas for tension, bending, shear and torsion; it can be applied to any beam geometries and loading conditions, reaching a high level of accuracy with low computational cost, and can tackle problems that in most cases are solved by employing plate/shell and 3D formulations.
Key features: compares classical and modern approaches to beam theory, including classical well-known results related to Euler-Bernoulli and Timoshenko beam theoriespays particular attention to typical applications related to bridge structures, aircraft wings, helicopters and propeller bladesprovides a number of numerical examples including typical Aerospace and Civil Engineering problemsproposes many benchmark assessments to help the reader implement the CUF if they wish to do soaccompanied by a companion website hosting dedicated software MUL2 that is used to obtain the numerical solutions in the book, allowing the reader to reproduce the examples given in the book as well as to solve other problems of their own www.mul2.com
Researchers of continuum mechanics of solids and structures and structural analysts in industry will find this book extremely insightful. It will also be of great interest to graduate and postgraduate students of mechanical, civil and aerospace engineering.
A one-stop resource for researchers and developers alike, this book
covers a plethora of nanocomposite properties and their enhancement
The first contemporary text specializing on the dynamic problems of piezoelectric crystal plates for resonant acoustic wave devices (such as resonators, filters, and sensors) since H F Tiersten's publication in 1969. This book provides an up-to-date, systematic and comprehensive presentation of theoretical results on waves and vibrations in quartz crystal plates. It expounds on the application of the theories of elasticity and piezoelectricity in acoustic wave devices made from crystal plates through a coverage spanning from classical results on acoustic wave resonators, up to present-day applications in acoustic wave sensors. This text begins with the exposition of the simplest thickness modes and various frequency effects in them due to electrodes, mass loading, contact with fluids, air gaps, etc., and continues on to the more complicated shear-horizontal modes, as well as straight-crested modes varying along the digonal axis of rotated Y-cut quartz. Modes varying in both of the in-plane directions of crystal plates are also addressed. The analysis within are based on the three-dimensional theories of piezoelectricity and anisotropic elasticity with various approximations when needed. Both free vibration modes (stationary waves) and propagating waves are studied in this text. Forced vibration is also treated in a few places. This book is intended to serve as an informative reference to personnel who employ piezoelectric crystal plates in the course of their profession.
The most comprehensive reference on fluorescent nanodiamond physical and chemical properties and contemporary applications Fluorescent nanodiamonds (FNDs) have drawn a great deal of attention over the past several years, and their applications and development potential are proving to be manifold and vast. The first and only book of its kind, Fluorescent Nanodiamonds is a comprehensive guide to the basic science and technical information needed to fully understand the fundamentals of FNDs and their potential applications across an array of domains. In demonstrating the importance of FNDs in biological applications, the authors bring together all relevant chemistry, physics, materials science and biology. Nanodiamonds are produced by powerful cataclysmic events such as explosions, volcanic eruptions and meteorite impacts. They also can be created in the lab by high-pressure high-temperature treatment of graphite or detonating an explosive in a reactor vessel. A single imperfection can give a nanodiamond a specific, isolated color center which allows it to function as a single, trapped atom. Much smaller than the thickness of a human hair, a nanodiamond can have a huge surface area that allows it to bond with a variety of other materials. Because of their non-toxicity, nanodiamonds may be useful in biomedical applications, such as drug delivery and gene therapy. The most comprehensive reference on a topic of rapidly increasing interest among academic and industrial researchers across an array of fields Includes numerous case studies and practical examples from many areas of research and industrial applications, as well as fascinating and instructive historical perspectives Each chapter addresses, in-depth, a single integral topic including the fundamental properties, synthesis, mechanisms and functionalisation of FNDs The first book published by the key patent holder with his research group in the field of FNDs Fluorescent Nanodiamonds is an important working resource for a broad range of scientists and engineers in industry and academia. It will also be a welcome reference for instructors in chemistry, physics, materials science, biology and related fields.
Written by a distinguished plasma scientist and experienced author,
this up-to-date work comprehensively covers current methods and new
developments and techniques, including non-equilibrium atomic and
molecular plasma states, as well as such new applications as gas
Presents the proceedings of the World Congress on Medical Physics and Biomedical Engineering in Beijing: Promoting Health through Technology The congress's unique structure represents the two dimensions of technology and medicine: 13 themes on science and medical technologies intersect with five challenging main topics of medicine to create a maximum of synergy and integration of aspects on research, development and application. Each of the congress themes was chaired by two leading experts. The themes address specific topics of medicine and technology that provide multiple and excellent opportunities for exchanges.
An increased focus on educational transformation in STEM disciplines has led to a burgeoning field of materials education research. This book details the Symposium PP, Materials Education - detailing the inspirational story of Marni Goldman - a pioneer in the field, who promoted excellence and accessibility in materials research education, while also promoting educational opportunities for the disabled - motivated the unique focus of this symposium: accessible education at all levels, 'K through Grey'. The work spans traditional materials education research in higher education; SoTL work in K-12 schools, higher education, museums and outreach organizations; accessibility research for learners and professionals with disabilities (ranging from acute physical to 'hidden' mental); and materials education and outreach programs of Materials Research Science and Engineering Centers (MRSECs), Nanoscale Science and Engineering Centers (NSECs) and the Nanoscale Informal Science Education Network (NISE Net).
The Latest Methods for Preventing and Controlling Corrosion in All Types of Materials and Applications
Now you can turn to "Corrosion Engineering" for expert coverage of the theory and current practices you need to understand water, atmospheric, and high-temperature corrosion processes. This comprehensive resource explains step-by-step how to prevent and control corrosion in all types of metallic materials and applications-from steel and aluminum structures to pipelines.
Filled with 300 illustrations, this skills-building guide shows you how to utilize advanced inspection and monitoring methods for corrosion problems in infrastructure, process and food industries, manufacturing, and military industries. Authoritative and complete, "Corrosion Engineering" features: Expert guidance on corrosion prevention and control techniques Hands-on methods for inspection and monitoring of corrosion problems New methods for dealing with corrosion A review of current practice, with numerous examples and calculations
Inside This Cutting-Edge Guide to Corrosion Prevention and Control - Introduction: Scope and Language of Corrosion - Electrochemistry of Corrosion - Environments: Atmospheric Corrosion - Corrosion by Water and Steam - Corrosion in Soils - Reinforced Concrete - High-Temperature Corrosion - Materials and How They Corrode: Engineering Materials - Forms of Corrosion - Methods of Control: Protective Coatings - Cathodic Protection - Corrosion Inhibitors - Failure Analysis and Design Considerations - Testing and Monitoring: Corrosion Testing and Monitoring
This book offers an essential introduction to the latest advances in delayed genetic regulatory networks (GRNs) and presents cutting-edge work on the analysis and design of delayed GRNs in which the system parameters are subject to uncertain, stochastic and/or parameter-varying changes. Specifically, the types examined include delayed switching GRNs, delayed stochastic GRNs, delayed reaction-diffusion GRNs, delayed discrete-time GRNs, etc. In addition, the solvability of stability analysis, control and estimation problems involving delayed GRNs are addressed in terms of linear matrix inequality or M-matrix tests. The book offers a comprehensive reference guide for researchers and practitioners working in system sciences and applied mathematics, and a valuable source of information for senior undergraduates and graduates in these areas. Further, it addresses a gap in the literature by providing a unified and concise framework for the analysis and design of delayed GRNs.
This eminently readable introductory text provides a sound foundation to understand the abstract concepts used to express the laws of thermodynamics. The emphasis is on the fundamentals rather than spoon-feeding the subject matter. The concepts are explained with utmost clarity in simple and elegant language. It provides the background material needed for students to solve practical problems related to thermodynamics. Answers to all problems are provided.
Production equipment for microelectronics, MEMS, and nanotechnology cannot function without vibration isolation. Process plant, power generation machinery, oil, gas, and petrochemical equipment are all subject to vibration. This vibration causes a range of problems and headaches for the engineer that can lead to failure of equipment, downtime, and extra maintenance costs. Isolating vibration and ameliorating it is vital. This valuable and well written text provides a comprehensive treatment of the principles of design and means for realization of passive vibration isolation systems for real life objects. A special emphasis is given to effective techniques and methods that are not yet widely used in the practice of vibration isolation in industry. It is written with practitioners in mind and many of the problems addressed and the solutions presented are relevant not only to the isolation of stationary sensitive equipment but also to civil engineering and transport applications. The contents include: Inertia and geometric properties of typical machines and other mechanical devices; Dynamics of single degreeof freedom vibration isolation system; Vibration isolation system under random excitation; Isolation of vibration sensitive objects; Vibration isolation systems -isolation requirements for vibration producing objects; Engine and machinery mounting in vehicles; Elasto damping materials (EDM); High damping metals; Material selection for vibration isolators; Vibration isolators with metal flexible elements; High angular stiffness and anisotropic vibration isolation systems; Pneumatic isolators; and Power transmission couplings.
A comprehensive overview and summary of recent achievements and the latest trends in bioinspired thermal materials. Following an introduction to different thermal materials and their effective heat transfer to other materials, the text discusses heat detection materials that are inspired by biological systems, such as fire beetles and butterflies. There then follow descriptions of materials with thermal management functionality, including those for evaporation and condensation, heat transfer and thermal insulation materials, as modeled on snake skins, polar bears and fire-resistant trees. A discussion of thermoresponsive materials with thermally switchable surfaces and controllable nanochannels as well as those with high thermal conductivity and piezoelectric sensors is rounded off by a look toward future trends in the bioinspired engineering of thermal materials. Straightforward and well structured, this is an essential reference for newcomers as well as experienced researchers in this exciting field.
Filling the gap on the market for comprehensive coverage of this
versatile class of compounds, the scope of this monograph ranges
from preparation and modern methods of investigation, via chemical
and photochemical reactions, photochronism and nonlinear effects,
to stilbenes as bases for optical and measuring instruments,
applications in industry, biochemistry and biomedicine, and as
fluorescence-photochrome biophysical labels.
Written by internationally recognized experts in the field with academic as well as industrial experience, this book concisely yet systematically covers all aspects of the topic. The monograph focuses on the optoelectronic behavior of organic solids and their application in new optoelectronic devices. It covers organic field-effect and organic electroluminescent materials and devices, organic photonics, materials and devices, as well as organic solids in photo absorption and energy conversion. Much emphasis is laid on the preparation of functional materials and the fabrication of devices, from materials synthesis and purification, to physicochemical properties and the basic processes and working principles of the devices. The only book to cover fundamentals, applications, and the latest research results, this is a handy reference for both researchers and those new to the field. From the contents: * Electronic process in organic solids * Organic/polymeric semiconductors for field-effect transistors * Organic/polymeric field-effect transistors * Organic circuits and organic single molecular transistors * Polymer light-emitting Diodes (PLEDs): devices and materials * Organic solids for photonics * Organic photonic devices * Organic solar cells based on small molecules * Polymer solar cells * Dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs) * Organic thermoelectric power devices
This book portrays the commonality of tissue micro-structure that dictates physiological function in various organs (microstructure-function relation). Tissue and organ models are used to illustrate physiological functions based on microstructure. Fiber scale properties such as orientation and crimp are described in detail. Structurally-based constitutive models are given throughout the book, not only to avoid ambiguities in material characterization, but also to offer insights into the function, structure, and mechanics of tissue components. A statement of future directions of the field is also given, including how advancements, such as state-of-the-art computational modeling and optical measurements of tissue/cells structures, are taking structure-based modeling to the next level. This book also: Provides a comprehensive view of tissue modeling across multiple systems Broadens readers' understanding of state-of-the-art computational modeling and optical measurements of tissue/cells structures Describes in detail fiber scale properties such as orientation and crimp
Maintaining the substance that made Introduction to the Thermodynamic of Materials a perennial best seller for decades, this Sixth Edition is updated to reflect the broadening field of materials science and engineering. The new edition is reorganized into three major sections to align the book for practical coursework, with the first (Thermodynamic Principles) and second (Phase Equilibria) sections aimed at use in a one semester undergraduate course. The third section (Reactions and Transformations) can be used in other courses of the curriculum that deal with oxidation, energy, and phase transformations. The book is updated to include the role of work terms other than PV work (e.g., magnetic work) along with their attendant aspects of entropy, Maxwell equations, and the role of such applied fields on phase diagrams. There is also an increased emphasis on the thermodynamics of phase transformations and the Sixth Edition features an entirely new chapter 15 that links specific thermodynamic applications to the study of phase transformations. The book also features more than 50 new end of chapter problems and more than 50 new figures.
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