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This book contains the contributions of selected young chemists
from the field of nanotechnology and material sciences. The
The Most Complete Guide to Adhesives and Sealants -- Now Expanded and Updated with the Latest Technical Advances and Products.
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This textbook imparts a firm understanding of the behavior of prestressed concrete and how it relates to design based on the 2014 ACI Building Code. It presents the fundamental behavior of prestressed concrete and then adapts this to the design of structures. The book focuses on prestressed concrete members including slabs, beams, and axially loaded members and provides computational examples to support current design practice along with practical information related to details and construction with prestressed concrete. It illustrates concepts and calculations with Mathcad and EXCEL worksheets. Written with both lucid instructional presentation as well as comprehensive, rigorous detail, the book is ideal for both students in graduate-level courses as well as practicing engineers.
Analysis of Structures offers an original way of introducing engineering students to the subject of stress and deformation analysis of solid objects, and helps them become more familiar with how numerical methods such as the finite element method are used in industry. Eisley and Waas secure for the reader a thorough understanding of the basic numerical skills and insight into interpreting the results these methods can generate. Throughout the text, they include analytical development alongside the computational equivalent, providing the student with the understanding that is necessary to interpret and use the solutions that are obtained using software based on the finite element method. They then extend these methods to the analysis of solid and structural components that are used in modern aerospace, mechanical and civil engineering applications. Analysis of Structures is accompanied by a book companion website www.wiley.com/go/waas housing exercises and examples that use modern software which generates color contour plots of deformation and internal stress.It offers invaluable guidance and understanding to senior level and graduate students studying courses in stress and deformation analysis as part of aerospace, mechanical and civil engineering degrees as well as to practicing engineers who want to re-train or re-engineer their set of analysis tools for contemporary stress and deformation analysis of solids and structures. * Provides a fresh, practical perspective to the teaching of structural analysis using numerical methods for obtaining answers to real engineering applications * Proposes a new way of introducing students to the subject of stress and deformation analysis of solid objects that are used in a wide variety of contemporary engineering applications * Casts axial, torsional and bending deformations of thin walled objects in a framework that is closely amenable to the methods by which modern stress analysis software operates.
This proceedings consists of fifty one selected papers presented at the 2015 International Workshop on Materials, Manufacturing Technology, Electronics and Information Science (MMTEI2015), which was successfully held in Wuhan, China during October 9-11, 2015.MMTEI2015 covered a wide range of fundamental studies, technical innovations and industrial applications in the 4 areas, namely Material Science and Application, Mechanical Engineering and Mechatronics,Electronics Engineering and Microelectronics, and Information Science.This workshop aims to provide a forum for scientists, scholars, engineers and students from universities all around the world and the industry to present ongoing research activities, and hence to foster research relations between universities and the industry. All accepted papers were subjected to a strict peer-review process by 2-3 expert referees.
Covering a wide variety of topics in dynamic fracture mechanics, this volume presents state-of-the-art experimental techniques and theoretical analysis on dynamic fracture in standard and exotic materials. Written by world renowned researchers, this valuable compendium contains eleven chapters on crack initiation, crack propagation, crack arrest, crack-stress wave interactions, and experimental, analytical and numerical methods in dynamic fracture mechanics.
This up-to-date overview provides the latest information on the performance, sensitivity, strength and processability aspects of propellants and explosive formulations, with the nature of polymer binder/plasticizer as the variable factor. Apart from applications, this monograph explores the principles behind energetic polymers, while discussing the synthetic routes and energetic characteristics of an individual family of energetic polymers. Furthermore, a number of case studies illustrate the role of energetic polymers in enhancing the performance of formulations as compared to their inert counterparts. The emphasis is on safety throughout, with practical guidance on how to safely handle and formulate as well as synthesize using energetic polymers. With the advent of a new generation of energetic polymers, this book is relevant to academic research and industrial R&D, as well as for industry and defense organizations.
This volume is a compilation of papers that were presented at the Symposium 4A: 'Advanced Structural Materials' of the XXIII International Materials Research Congress, organized in collaboration with MRS, which was held from August 17-21, 2014 in Cancun, Quintana Roo, Mexico. The symposium was devoted to fundamental and technological applications of structural materials, and continued the tradition of providing a forum for scientists from various backgrounds with a common interest in the development and use of structural materials to come together and share their findings and expertise. The 'Advanced Structural Materials' symposium has been held for the last 20 years with the objective of presenting overviews and recent investigations related to advanced structural metallic, ceramic, composite, and concrete materials along with their industrial applications. The topics include innovative processing, phase transformations, mechanical properties, oxidation resistance, modeling, and the relationship between processing, microstructure and mechanical behavior.
This book provides a systematic approach to realizing NiTi shape memory alloy actuation, and is aimed at science and engineering students who would like to develop a better understanding of the behaviors of SMAs, and learn to design, simulate, control, and fabricate these actuators in a systematic approach. Several innovative biomedical applications of SMAs are discussed. These include orthopedic, rehabilitation, assistive, cardiovascular, and surgery devices and tools. To this end unique actuation mechanisms are discussed. These include antagonistic bi-stable shape memory-superelastic actuation, shape memory spring actuation, and multi axial tension-torsion actuation. These actuation mechanisms open new possibilities for creating adaptive structures and biomedical devices by using SMAs.
This volume contains papers presented at Symposium 5C, 'New Trends in Polymer Chemistry and Characterization' of the XXIII International Materials Research Congress organized by the Sociedad Mexicana de Materiales A. C. in collaboration with the Materials Research Society (MRS), USA, which was held from 17-21 August 2014 in Cancun, Mexico. The symposium was devoted to fundamental and technological applications of polymeric materials, and continued the tradition of providing a forum for scientists from various backgrounds with a common interest in the development and use of polymeric materials to come together and share their findings and expertise. The topics included step-growth and chain-growth polymerizations, macromolecular architecture and topology, well-defined and uniform polymers, polymer engineering and processing, polymer characterization by new and combined techniques, polymer morphology, dendrimers and hyperbranched polymers, smart and functional polymers, composite materials and coatings, polymer-forming reactions, modeling and simulation methods in polymer chemistry and physics, environment-friendly polymers and biopolymers.
Cyberpop is an analysis of cyberculture and its popular cultural productions. The study begins with a Foucaultian model of cyberculture as a discursive formation, and explains how some key concepts (such as 'virtuality,' 'speed,' and 'Connectivity') operate as a conceptual architecture network linking technologies to information and individual subjects. The chapters then each focus on a particular cyberfiguration, including Hollywood films (GATTACA, The Matrix), popular literature (William Gibson's Neuromancer, Scott Westerfeld's Polymorph), advertising for digital products and services (Apple Computer's '1984/McIntosh' campaign, AT&T's 'mLife' campaign), digital artworks (including virtual females such as Motorola's 'Mya' and Elite Modeling Agency's 'Webbie Tookay,' and work by visual artist Daniel Lee for Microsoft's 'Evolution' campaign), and video games (Tomb Raider). Each close reading illustrates the ways in which representations of digital lifestyles and identities - which typically fetishize computers and celebrate a 'high tech' aesthetic encourage participation in digital capitalism and commodity cyberculture. Matrix argues that popular representations of cyberculture often function as forms of social criticism that creatively inspire audiences to 'think different' (in the words of Mac advertising) about the consequences of the digitalization of everyday life.
Materials: Engineering, Science, Processing and Design is the essential materials engineering text and resource for students developing skills and understanding of materials properties and selection for engineering applications. Taking a unique design-led approach that is broader in scope than other texts, Materials meets the curriculum needs of a wide variety of courses in the materials and design field, including introduction to materials science and engineering, engineering materials, materials selection and processing, and behavior of materials. This new edition retains its design-led focus and strong emphasis on visual communication while expanding its coverage of the physical basis of material properties, and process selection.
2016 International Conference on Advanced Materials and Energy Sustainability [AMES2016] was held in Wuhan, Hubei, China during May 27-29, 2016. AMES2016 aims to bring together researchers, engineers, and students to participate in the discussion of Advanced Materials and Energy Sustainability. AMES2016 features unique mixed topics of Advanced Materials and Related Technology, Energy Management and Renewable Energy and Environmental Engineering and Sustainable Development.The conference program committee is greatly honoured to have three renowned experts for taking time off to present their keynotes to the conference. In addition, we have put together five invited sessions. There are a total of 260 submissions from various parts of the world. Among them, 87 articles are compiled into this proceedings, covering Polymers, Composites and Mesoporous Materials; Applications of Micro- and Nano-Technology and Materials; Processing Technologies and Computational Methods in Area of Materials Science; Smart Grid, Micro-Grid Concepts; Fuels, Combustion and Materials Handling; Advanced and Renewable Energy Systems; Sustainable Management of Environment; Sustainable Cities and Communities, Transportation and Wind Energy Systems and Technologies.
Discusses the CFD-DEM method of modeling which combines both the Discrete Element Method and Computational Fluid Dynamics to simulate fluid-particle interactions. * Deals with both theoretical and practical concepts of CFD-DEM, its numerical implementation accompanied by a hands-on numerical code in FORTRAN * Gives examples of industrial applications
This proceedings collected together ninety-seven selected articles on recent research works and innovations in material science and energy engineering, presented at the 2014 International Conference on Materials Science and Energy Engineering (CMSEE 2014), held in Sanya, Hainan, China during December 12 - 14, 2014.CMSEE2014 covers a wide range of fundamental studies, technical innovations and industrial applications in material science and energy engineering, and were attended by 130 participants from different countries and regions in the world including China, Canada, Japan, Korea, Taiwan, Turkey, Egypt and Russia, to exchange notes on latest research, and synergic in future scientific collaborations.All papers submitted were subjected to a rigorous peer-review process by at least two independent reviewers to ensure that articles selected are of highest standard and are relevance to the aims and scope of CMSEE 2014.
This graduate-level text presents a synthesis of research and experience from disparate fields to form guidelines for dealing with vibration phenomena of many different origins. It is particularly geared toward assessing sources of excitation in a flow system, identifying the actual danger spots, and finding appropriate cures. 1994 edition.
The symposia that have been combined to compose this volume - Symposium B: 'Thin Film Compound Semiconductor Photovoltaics', Symposium C: 'Perovskite Solar Cells', Symposium D: 'Organic-Based Photovoltaics', and Symposium E: 'Advance Solar Cells-Components to Systems' - were held from April 6-10 at the 2015 MRS Spring Meeting in San Francisco, California. Solar photovoltaics represent the ultimate goal in the quest for clean, renewable electricity generation. This symposium proceedings volume represents the recent advances in inorganic thin-film compound solar cell materials, the emerging perovskite solar cells, organic solar cells, and components and systems of advanced solar cells. Each paper in this volume provides a glimpse of the exciting recent developments occurring in various solar cell technologies and components and systems. The papers convey the breadth of exciting advancements happening in the area of advanced solar cell research.
This book focuses on the state-of-the-art developments in machining with nanomaterials. Numerous in-depth case studies illustrate the practical use of nanomaterials in industry, including how thin film nanostructures can be applied to solving machining problems and how coatings can improve tool life and reduce machining costs in an environmentally acceptable way. Chapters include discussions on, among other things: Comparisons of re-coated cutting tools and re-ground drills The modeling and machining of medical materials, particularly implants, for optimum biocompatibility including corrosion resistance, bio adhesiveness, and elasticity Recent developments in machining difficult-to-cut materials, as well as machining brittle materials using nanostructured diamond tools Spindle Speed Variation (SSV) for machining chatter suppression Nano grinding with abrasives to produce micro- and nano fluidic devices. The importance of proper design of cutting tools, including milling tools, single point turning tools, and micro cutting tools is reinforced throughout the book. This is an ideal book for engineers in industry, practitioners, students, teachers, and researchers.
This thoroughly revised and updated Fourth Edition of a time-honored text provides the reader with a comprehensive introduction to the field of scanning electron microscopy (SEM), energy dispersive X-ray spectrometry (EDS) for elemental microanalysis, electron backscatter diffraction analysis (EBSD) for micro-crystallography, and focused ion beams. Students and academic researchers will find the text to be an authoritative and scholarly resource, while SEM operators and a diversity of practitioners - engineers, technicians, physical and biological scientists, clinicians, and technical managers - will find that every chapter has been overhauled to meet the more practical needs of the technologist and working professional. In a break with the past, this Fourth Edition de-emphasizes the design and physical operating basis of the instrumentation, including the electron sources, lenses, detectors, etc. In the modern SEM, many of the low level instrument parameters are now controlled and optimized by the microscope's software, and user access is restricted. Although the software control system provides efficient and reproducible microscopy and microanalysis, the user must understand the parameter space wherein choices are made to achieve effective and meaningful microscopy, microanalysis, and micro-crystallography. Therefore, special emphasis is placed on beam energy, beam current, electron detector characteristics and controls, and ancillary techniques such as energy dispersive x-ray spectrometry (EDS) and electron backscatter diffraction (EBSD). With 13 years between the publication of the third and fourth editions, new coverage reflects the many improvements in the instrument and analysis techniques. The SEM has evolved into a powerful and versatile characterization platform in which morphology, elemental composition, and crystal structure can be evaluated simultaneously. Extension of the SEM into a "dual beam" platform incorporating both electron and ion columns allows precision modification of the specimen by focused ion beam milling. New coverage in the Fourth Edition includes the increasing use of field emission guns and SEM instruments with high resolution capabilities, variable pressure SEM operation, theory, and measurement of x-rays with high throughput silicon drift detector (SDD-EDS) x-ray spectrometers. In addition to powerful vendor- supplied software to support data collection and processing, the microscopist can access advanced capabilities available in free, open source software platforms, including the National Institutes of Health (NIH) ImageJ-Fiji for image processing and the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) DTSA II for quantitative EDS x-ray microanalysis and spectral simulation, both of which are extensively used in this work. However, the user has a responsibility to bring intellect, curiosity, and a proper skepticism to information on a computer screen and to the entire measurement process. This book helps you to achieve this goal. Realigns the text with the needs of a diverse audience from researchers and graduate students to SEM operators and technical managers Emphasizes practical, hands-on operation of the microscope, particularly user selection of the critical operating parameters to achieve meaningful results Provides step-by-step overviews of SEM, EDS, and EBSD and checklists of critical issues for SEM imaging, EDS x-ray microanalysis, and EBSD crystallographic measurements Makes extensive use of open source software: NIH ImageJ-FIJI for image processing and NIST DTSA II for quantitative EDS x-ray microanalysis and EDS spectral simulation. Includes case studies to illustrate practical problem solving Covers Helium ion scanning microscopy Organized into relatively self-contained modules - no need to "read it all" to understand a topic Includes an online supplement-an extensive "Database of Electron-Solid Interactions"-which can be accessed on SpringerLink, in Chapter 3
According to Moore's Law, not only does the number of transistors in an integrated circuit double every two years, but transistor size also decreases at a predictable rate. At the rate we are going, the downsizing of CMOS transistors will reach the deca-nanometer scale by 2020. Accordingly, the gate dielectric thickness will be shrunk to less than half-nanometer oxide equivalent thickness (EOT) to maintain proper operation of the transistors, leaving high-k materials as the only viable solution for such small-scale EOT. This comprehensive, up-to-date text covering the physics, materials, devices, and fabrication processes for high-k gate dielectric materials, Nano-CMOS Gate Dielectric Engineering systematically describes how the fundamental electronic structures and other material properties of the transition metals and rare earth metals affect the electrical properties of the dielectric films, the dielectric/silicon and the dielectric/metal gate interfaces, and the resulting device properties. Specific topics include the problems and solutions encountered with high-k material thermal stability, defect density, and poor initial interface with silicon substrate. The text also addresses the essence of thin film deposition, etching, and process integration of high-k materials in an actual CMOS process. Fascinating in both content and approach, Nano-CMOS Gate Dielectric Engineering explains all of the necessary physics in a highly readable manner and supplements this with numerous intuitive illustrations and tables. Covering almost every aspect of high-k gate dielectric engineering for nano-CMOS technology, this is a perfect reference book for graduate students needing a better understanding of developing technology as well as researchers and engineers needing to get ahead in microelectronic engineering and materials science.
This proceedings brings together eighty seven selected articles presented at the joint conferences of the 6th International Conference on Electrical and Control Engineering (ICECE2015) and the 4th International conference on Materials Science and Manufacturing (ICMSM2015), which was held in Shanghai, China, during August 14-15 2015.ICECE2015 and ICMSM2015 provide an excellent international platform for researchers to share the state-of-art research results and fork collaborations amongst themselves from different part of the world.The proceedings collected the latest research results and applications funded by Chinese government agencies in Electrical Engineering, Control Engineering, Wireless Communication, Computer Networks, Computer Science, Materials Engineering and other related topics. It is a kaleidoscope reflecting the Chinese research and development efforts in the above 6 areas. All submitted papers were subjected to strict peer-reviewing by 2-4 expert referees. The papers have been selected for this volume because of quality and the relevance to the conference.
For Dynamics Courses. A Proven Approach to Conceptual Understanding and Problem-solving Skills Engineering Mechanics: Dynamics excels in providing a clear and thorough presentation of the theory and application of engineering mechanics. Engineering Mechanics empowers students to succeed by drawing upon Prof. Hibbeler's everyday classroom experience and his knowledge of how students learn. This text is shaped by the comments and suggestions of hundreds of reviewers in the teaching profession, as well as many of the author's students. The Fourteenth Edition includes new Preliminary Problems, which are intended to help students develop conceptual understanding and build problem-solving skills. The text features a large variety of problems from a broad range of engineering disciplines, stressing practical, realistic situations encountered in professional practice, and having varying levels of difficulty. MasteringEngineering is not included. Students, if MasteringEngineering is a recommended/mandatory component of the course, please ask your instructor for the correct ISBN and course ID. MasteringEngineering is not a self-paced technology and should only be purchased when required by an instructor. Instructors, contact your Pearson representative for more information. MasteringEngineering is an online homework, tutorial, and assessment product designed to personalize learning and improve results. With a wide range of interactive, engaging, and assignable activities, students are encouraged to actively learn and retain tough course concepts.
Handbook of Thin Film Technology covers all aspects of coatings preparation, characterization and applications. Different deposition techniques based on vacuum and plasma processes are presented. Methods of surface and thin film analysis including coating thickness, structural, optical, electrical, mechanical and magnetic properties of films are detailed described. The several applications of thin coatings and a special chapter focusing on nanoparticle-based films can be found in this handbook. A complete reference for students and professionals interested in the science and technology of thin films.
With a modern, comprehensive approach directed towards computational mechanics, this book covers a unique combination of subjects at present unavailable in any other text. It includes vital information on ‘variational principles’ constituting the cornerstone of the finite element method. In fact this is the only method by which Nonlinear Solid Mechanics is utilized in engineering practice. The book opens with a fundamental chapter on vectors and tensors. The following chapters are based on nonlinear continuum mechanics - an inevitable prerequisite for computational mechanicians. In addition, continuum field theory (applied to a representative sample of hyperelastic materials currently used in nonlinear computations such as incompressible and compressible materials) is presented, as are transversely isotropic materials, composite materials, viscoelastic materials and hyperelastic materials with isotropic damage. Another central chapter is devoted to the thermodynamics of materials, covering both finite thermoelasticity and finite thermoviscoelasticity. Also included are:
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