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Engineering Solid Mechanics bridges the gap between elementary approaches to strength of materials and more advanced, specialized versions on the subject.
This well-organized book uses 3x3 coordinate-transformation matrices and 3-element vectors with dual-number elements to analyze the mechanics of mechanism, robots, and other mechanical systems.
Airflow examines and describes the many ways in which modellers and practitioners of a wide range of hobbies and sports (even cricket!) can understand and confront, harness and exploit the physical properties of wind and air. The book's admirable breadth and depth offers something not only for students of many science and technical subjects, but also to the hobbyists and disciples of 'alternative energy'. The book will be of particular interest to the increasing number of people who are hooked on the thrill and excitement of sports such as yachting, aeromodelling, ballooning, car racing, parachuting, kite flying, boomerang throwing, hang gliding, soaring in sailplanes and power flying.
With this unique and comprehensive text, readers will gain the quantitative tools needed to engineer the particulate processes and products that are ubiquitous in modern life. Covering a series of particle and particulate delivery form design processes, with emphasis on design and operation to control particle attributes, and supported by many worked examples, it is essential reading for students and practitioners. Topics covered include a range of particle design processes such as crystallization and precipitation, granulation, grinding, aerosol processes and spray drying, as well as forms of delivery such as granules, tablets, dry powders, and aerosols. Readers will learn from real-world examples how the primary particle properties and the structure and properties of the delivery form can lead to high performance products, ranging from pharmaceuticals, consumer goods and foods, to specialty chemicals, paints, agricultural chemicals and minerals.
Presenting the results of an ambitious project, this book
summarizes the efforts towards an open, web-based modular and
extendable simulation platform for materials engineering that
allows simulations bridging several length scales. In so doing, it
covers processes along the entire value chain and even describes
such different classes of materials as metallic alloys and
polymers. It comprehensively describes all structural ideas, the
underlying concepts, standard specifications, the verification
results obtained for different test cases and additionally how to
utilize the platform as a user and how to join it as a
Focusing on the effects of porosity and microcracking on the physical properties of ceramics, particularly nominally single phase ceramics, this comprehensive reference/text elucidates the fundamental interrelationships determining the development and use of materials for actual and potential engineering needs. Aids in the understanding of porosity effects on other materials from ceramic composites, cements, and plasters to rocks, metals, and polymers Providing the reader with helpful chapter summaries and recommendations, Porosity of Ceramics details the porosity dependence of mechanical properties, as well as thermal and electrical conductivity, surface area, and permeability of pore systems reviews new and promising applications and processing technologies as well as the engineering trade-offs involved in producing improved porosities assesses the applicability and limits of models and actual experimental data using pore and microcrack occurrence, characterization, and idealization as bases emphasizes the need for better characterization by addressing generally overlooked topics, such as pore orientation, shape and size heterogeneity, and spatial distribution and much more Complemented with bibliographic citations and over 275 tables, equations, drawings, and photographs, Porosity of Ceramics is an invaluable reference for materials, ceramic, mechanical, and chemical engineers and scientists; and metallurgists; as well as a readily accessible text for graduate-level and continuing education students in these disciplines.
Responding to the exponential growth in new technology and research activity on the contemporary carbon fiber scene, this thoroughly updated and expanded Third Edition offers the latest information on the structural, surface, mechanical, electronic, thermal, and magnetic properties of carbon fibers as well as their manufacture and industrial applications from many of the world's most distinguished specialists in the field. Helps resolve everyday production, development, and marketing issues Organized to ensure a smooth, logical progression from one topic to the next, the Third Edition presents excellent, in-depth coverage of new topics, including procedures for preparing pitch-based and vapor-grown carbon fibers structures of carbon fibers from commercial to experimental examples industrial treatments of carbon fiber surfaces with surface sizings and carbon fiber composites with surface coatings surface characterizations by instrumental methods, such as FTIR, x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, Auger electron spectroscopy, scanning tunneling microscopy, and atomic force microscopy carbon nanotubes and their electrical resistivity and magnetoresistance qualities the manufacture and characterization of activated carbon fibers as well as their uses as adsorbents, catalyst supports, and electronic materials and more Providing exceptional literature and patent references-over 400 new to this edition -as well as photographs of currently available carbon fiber products from major American, French, and Japanese companies, this Third Edition will remain a valuable guide into the 21st century for physical, polymer, surface, and colloid chemists; materials scientists; mechanical and chemical engineers; researchers and marketing personnel working in carbon fiber and related industries; and graduate-level students in these disciplines.
This book presents an amalgam of best practice from a range of international specialists, as well as highlighting new areas that require research and development.
This present volume not only describes and analyses the status of the new Standard (providing underpinning data) but primarily it seeks to provide new light and present new information on many of the areas where there is insufficient coverage in EN13445 or other Standards.
Pressure equipment took a major step forward in May 2002 with the emergence of the first edition of the new European Standard EN13445. The safe design and operation of pressure equipment and pressure systems is key to much of the infrastructure in any present-day industrial society.
All of the authors were invited by the editors to make their contributions based on their international standing in the field of pressure equipment technology. Each paper went through a rigorous refereeing process (similar to the "Proceedings" of the IMechE), ensuring that they were of the highest quality and contained results of current and seminal research.
Observer Design for Nonlinear Systems deals with the design of observers for the large class of nonlinear continuous-time models. It contains a unified overview of a broad range of general designs, including the most recent results and their proofs, such as the homogeneous and nonlinear Luenberger design techniques. The book starts from the observation that most observer designs consist in looking for a reversible change of coordinates transforming the expression of the system dynamics into some specific structures, called normal forms, for which an observer is known. Therefore, the problem of observer design is broken down into three sub-problems: * What are the available normal forms and their associated observers?* Under which conditions can a system be transformed into one of these forms and through which transformation? * How can an inverse transformation that recovers an estimate in the given initial coordinates be achieved? This organisation allows the book to structure results within a united framework, highlighting the importance of the choice of the observer coordinates for nonlinear systems. In particular, the first part covers state-affine forms with their Luenberger or Kalman designs, and triangular forms with their homogeneous high-gain designs. The second part addresses the transformation into linear forms through linearization by output injection or in the context of a nonlinear Luenberger design, and into triangular forms under the well-known uniform and differential observability assumptions. Finally, the third part presents some recently developed methods for avoiding the numerically challenging inversion of the transformation. Observer Design for Nonlinear Systems addresses students and researchers looking for an introduction to or an overview of the state of the art in observer design for nonlinear continuous-time dynamical systems. The book gathers the most important results focusing on a large and diffuse literature on general observer designs with global convergence, and is a valuable source of information for academics and practitioners.
This book looks at the broad field of engineering science through the lens of nonlinear approaches. Examples focus on issues in vehicle technology, including vehicle dynamics, vehicle-road interaction, steering, and control for electric and hybrid vehicles. Also included are discussions on train and tram systems, aerial vehicles, robot-human interaction, and contact and scratch analysis at the micro/nanoscale. Chapters are based on invited contributions from world-class experts in the field who advance the future of engineering by discussing the development of more optimal, accurate, efficient, and cost and energy effective systems. This book is appropriate for researchers, students, and practicing engineers who are interested in the applications of nonlinear approaches to solving engineering and science problems.
This book provides a comprehensive basics-to-advanced course in an aero-thermal science vital to the design of engines for either type of craft. The text classifies engines powering aircraft and single/multi-stage rockets, and derives performance parameters for both from basic aerodynamics and thermodynamics laws. Each type of engine is analyzed for optimum performance goals, and mission-appropriate engines selection is explained. Fundamentals of Aircraft and Rocket Propulsion provides information about and analyses of: thermodynamic cycles of shaft engines (piston, turboprop, turboshaft and propfan); jet engines (pulsejet, pulse detonation engine, ramjet, scramjet, turbojet and turbofan); chemical and non-chemical rocket engines; conceptual design of modular rocket engines (combustor, nozzle and turbopumps); and conceptual design of different modules of aero-engines in their design and off-design state. Aimed at graduate and final-year undergraduate students, this textbook provides a thorough grounding in the history and classification of both aircraft and rocket engines, important design features of all the engines detailed, and particular consideration of special aircraft such as unmanned aerial and short/vertical takeoff and landing aircraft. End-of-chapter exercises make this a valuable student resource, and the provision of a downloadable solutions manual will be of further benefit for course instructors.
Multinary compounds are now used in a wide range of devices, including photovoltaic solar cells, light emitters and detectors, and piezoelectric actuators. Ternary and Multinary Compounds provides an interdisciplinary forum for scientists and engineers working on fundamental and applied aspects of these materials. The volume focuses on optoelectronic properties, electronic band structure, charge carrier transport, optical and magnetic properties, and superconductivity. It includes chapters on the research and development of new techniques and novel materials, such as laser ablation deposition and ferroelectrics.
Nanomaterials: Synthesis, Properties and Applications provides a comprehensive introduction to nanomaterials, from how to make them to example properties, processing techniques, and applications. Contributions by leading international researchers and teachers in academic, government, and industrial institutions in nanomaterials provide an accessible guide for newcomers to the field. The coverage ranges from isolated clusters and small particles to nanostructured materials, multilayers, and nanoelectronics. The book contains a wealth of references for further reading. Individual chapters deal with relevant aspects of the underlying physics, materials science, and physical chemistry.
This dictionary represents today the most extensive rock blasting dictionary available and it is therefore a valuable tool and essential for research and writing reports, papers to international journals.
Terminology is important in the process of development of a science because it is the language for communication between students, teachers, technicians, scientists and practitioners in the field of blasting. This dictionary contains 1,980 terms, 316 symbols, ninety-three acronyms, abbreviations and shortened forms, 221 references, thirty-one figures, thity-two formulas and twenty-eight tables. In this book, not only short definitions of the terms are presented, but also a quantification of some terms is included, and their relationship to other parameters in blasting is highlighted.
All students, teachers, technicians, engineers, scientists and
practioners in the field of blasting should get a copy as a desk
reference book. If we all use the same symbols for example, the
reading of blasting papers is speeded up and facilitated a
Topics covered in this text include: structural aspects of polymers; molecular mobility in amorphous solid polymers; non-elastic deformation of solid amorphous polymers; mechanical experiments; interpretation of results; physical ageing of amorphous polymers; and glass transition.
This text covers topics such as: hydrodynamic and water quality modeling; jets and plumes; turbulent sheer flows; air-water interaction; water quality models; environmental impact studies/Three Gorges project; water quality mangement; and eco hydraulics and river hydraulics.
This volume contains papers presented at Symposium 4D, 'New Trends in Polymer Chemistry and Characterization' of the XXII International Materials Research Congress organized by the Sociedad Mexicana de Materiales AC in collaboration with the Materials Research Society (MRS), USA, which was held August 11-15, 2013, in Cancun, Mexico. The symposium was devoted to fundamental and technological applications of polymeric materials, and continued the tradition of providing a forum for scientists from various backgrounds with a common interest in the development and use of polymeric materials to come together and share their findings and expertise.
Wormlike micelles are elongated flexible self-assembled structures created from the aggregation of amphiphiles and their resulting dynamic networks have gained attention for a number of uses, particularly in the oil industry. Written by experts, Wormlike Micelles describes the latest developments in the field providing an authoritative guide on the subject. The book starts with an introductory chapter giving an overview of the area and then looks at the three key topics of new wormlike micelle systems, characterization and applications. New systems covered in the first part include reverse wormlike micelles and stimuli-responsive wormlike micelles. The second part explores cutting-edge techniques that have led to advances in the understanding of their structure and dynamics, including direct imaging techniques and the combination of rheology with small-angle neutron scattering techniques. Finally, the book reviews their use in oil and gas well treatments as well as surfactant drag reducing solutions. Aimed at postgraduate students and researchers, this text is essential reading for anyone interested in soft matter systems.
Closing the gap between the wide distribution and use of asphalt and knowledge of its chemical characterization for research and development, this one-of-a-kind reference offers comprehensive, authoritative coverage of the chemistry, technology, and engineering of asphaltic products for paving, road construction, roofing, coatings, adhesives, and batteries.
Vibration and noise are two interrelated terms in the field of mechanical engineering. Vibration is caused by unbalanced inertial forces and moments whereas noise is the result of such vibrations. Noisy machines have always been a matter of concern. Lesser vibration ensures manufacturing to closer tolerances, lesser wear and tear, and longer fatigue life. Hence, a quieter machine is more cost-effective in the long run. It is now well understood that a quieter machine is in every way a better machine.This book deals with such industrial and automotive noise and vibration, their measurement and control. This textbook stresses on physical concepts and the application thereof to practical problems. The author's four decades of experience in teaching, research and industrial consultancy is reflected in the choice of the solved examples and unsolved problems.The book targets senior undergraduate students in mechanical engineering as well as designers of industrial machinery and layouts. It can readily be used for self-study by practicing designers and engineers.
In October 1918, Jan Burgers, 23 years old, started as professor of `aerodynamics, hydrodynamics, and their applications' at the Technical University in Delft. This can be regarded as the birth of fluid mechanics in the Netherlands, not only as an academic discipline but also as the start of the serious study of flow phenomena in engineering environments. During the period of Burgers' tenure in Delft (till 1955) three Dutch institutes were founded which to this day remain important centres of research in various fields of fluid mechanics: aerospace engineering, hydraulics, and naval engineering. Burgers and others developed mathematical, experimental, and numerical approaches of a broad range of fluid flows; some of their achievements have become well-known worldwide and can be seen as highlights of Dutch fluid mechanics. From the 1950s `stromingsleer' (flow theory) attained a permanent and respected place in the curriculum and research of (technical) universities, at many old and new research institutes and also at several industrial research laboratories. In the 1980s fluid mechanics finally became `recognized' as a serious branch of physics and an important field of (applied) science. This resulted in a close cooperation between academic groups, institutes and industry and the foundation of the Burgerscentrum, the Research School for Fluid Mechanics in the Netherlands. One hundred years after Burgers' appointment in Delft, Dutch fluid mechanics is still very much alive. This volume gives a full account of its rich history and also offers a view on the broad range of areas of application: transport, energy production, biology and medicine, production processes, etc. It has been written not only for those working in this field but also for those interested in the history of Dutch science and in the development of science and the fascinating world of fluid flow phenomena.
This first comprehensive overview of reactive extrusion technology for over a decade combines the views of contributors from both academia and industry who share their experiences and highlight possible applications and markets. They also provide updated information on the underlying chemical and physical concepts, summarizing recent developments in terms of the material and machinery used. As a result, readers will find here a compilation of potential applications for reactive extrusion to access new and cost-effective polymeric materials, while using existing compounding machines.
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