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In 1988 The Mathematical Intelligencer, a quarterly mathematics journal, carried out a poll to find the most beautiful theorem in mathematics. Twenty-four theorems were listed and readers were invited to award each a 'score for beauty'. While there were many worthy competitors, the winner was 'Euler's equation'. In 2004 Physics World carried out a similar poll of 'greatest equations', and found that among physicists Euler's mathematical result came second only to Maxwell's equations. The Stanford mathematician Keith Devlin reflected the feelings of many in describing it as "like a Shakespearian sonnet that captures the very essence of love, or a painting which brings out the beauty of the human form that is far more than just skin deep, Euler's equation reaches down into the very depths of existence". What is it that makes Euler's identity, ei + 1 = 0, so special? In Euler's Pioneering Equation Robin Wilson shows how this simple, elegant, and profound formula links together perhaps the five most important numbers in mathematics, each associated with a story in themselves: the number 1, the basis of our counting system; the concept of zero, which was a major development in mathematics, and opened up the idea of negative numbers; an irrational number, the basis for the measurement of circles; the exponential e, associated with exponential growth and logarithms; and the imaginary number i, the square root of -1, the basis of complex numbers. Following a chapter on each of the elements, Robin Wilson discusses how the startling relationship between them was established, including the several near misses to the discovery of the formula.
This is the complete guide to exploring the fascinating world of maths you were never told about at school. Stand-up comedian and mathematician Matt Parker uses bizarre Klein Bottles, unimaginably small pizza slices, knots no one can untie and computers built from dominoes to reveal some of the most exotic and fascinating ideas in mathematics. Starting with simple numbers and algebra, this book goes on to deal with inconceivably big numbers in more dimensions than you ever knew existed. And always with something for you to make or do along the way.
This text for upper-level undergraduates and graduate students examines the events that led to a 19th-century intellectual revolution: the reinterpretation of the calculus undertaken by Augustin-Louis Cauchy and his peers. These intellectuals transformed the uses of calculus from problem-solving methods into a collection of well-defined theorems about limits, continuity, series, derivatives, and integrals. Beginning with a survey of the characteristic 19th-century view of analysis, the book proceeds to an examination of the 18th-century concept of calculus and focuses on the innovative methods of Cauchy and his contemporaries in refining existing methods into the basis of rigorous calculus. 1981 edition.
"Magical Mathematics" reveals the secrets of amazing, fun-to-perform card tricks--and the profound mathematical ideas behind them--that will astound even the most accomplished magician. Persi Diaconis and Ron Graham provide easy, step-by-step instructions for each trick, explaining how to set up the effect and offering tips on what to say and do while performing it. Each card trick introduces a new mathematical idea, and varying the tricks in turn takes readers to the very threshold of today's mathematical knowledge. For example, the Gilbreath Principle--a fantastic effect where the cards remain in control despite being shuffled--is found to share an intimate connection with the Mandelbrot set. Other card tricks link to the mathematical secrets of combinatorics, graph theory, number theory, topology, the Riemann hypothesis, and even Fermat's last theorem.
Diaconis and Graham are mathematicians as well as skilled performers with decades of professional experience between them. In this book they share a wealth of conjuring lore, including some closely guarded secrets of legendary magicians. "Magical Mathematics" covers the mathematics of juggling and shows how the "I Ching" connects to the history of probability and magic tricks both old and new. It tells the stories--and reveals the best tricks--of the eccentric and brilliant inventors of mathematical magic. "Magical Mathematics" exposes old gambling secrets through the mathematics of shuffling cards, explains the classic street-gambling scam of three-card monte, traces the history of mathematical magic back to the thirteenth century and the oldest mathematical trick--and much more.
Mounting failures of replication in social and biological sciences give a new urgency to critically appraising proposed reforms. This book pulls back the cover on disagreements between experts charged with restoring integrity to science. It denies two pervasive views of the role of probability in inference: to assign degrees of belief, and to control error rates in a long run. If statistical consumers are unaware of assumptions behind rival evidence reforms, they can't scrutinize the consequences that affect them (in personalized medicine, psychology, etc.). The book sets sail with a simple tool: if little has been done to rule out flaws in inferring a claim, then it has not passed a severe test. Many methods advocated by data experts do not stand up to severe scrutiny and are in tension with successful strategies for blocking or accounting for cherry picking and selective reporting. Through a series of excursions and exhibits, the philosophy and history of inductive inference come alive. Philosophical tools are put to work to solve problems about science and pseudoscience, induction and falsification.
Exam Board: Edexcel Level: AS and A level Subject: Further Mathematics First teaching: September 2017 First exams: Summer 2018 With over 1.3 million copies sold of the previous edition, Pearson's textbooks are the market-leading and most trusted resources for AS and A level Further Mathematics. This book covers all the content needed for the compulsory Edexcel AS level Core Pure Mathematics exam. It can also be used alongside Book 2 to cover all the content needed for the compulsory Edexcel A level Core Pure Mathematics exams. Fully updated to match the 2017 specifications, with more of a focus on problem-solving and modelling. FREE additional online content to support your independent learning, including full worked solutions for every question in the book (SolutionBank) and GeoGebra interactives. Includes access to an online digital edition (valid for 3 years once activated). Includes worked examples with guidance, lots of exam-style questions, a practice paper, and plenty of mixed and review exercises.
Exam board: Cambridge Assessment International Education Level: A Level Subject: Mathematics First teaching: September 2018 First exams: Summer 2020 Reinforce learning and deepen understanding of the key concepts covered in the latest syllabus; an ideal course companion or homework book for use throughout the course. - Develop and strengthen skills and knowledge with a wealth of additional exercises that perfectly supplement the Student's Book. - Build confidence with extra practice for each lesson to ensure that a topic is thoroughly understood before moving on. - Ensure students know what to expect with hundreds of rigorous practice and exam-style questions. - Keep track of students' work with ready-to-go write-in exercises. - Save time with all answers available for free online: www.hoddereducation.co.uk/cambridgeextras. This book covers the syllabus content for Probability and Statistics 1, including representation of data, permutations and combinations, probability, discrete random variables and the normal distribution. This title has not been through the Cambridge Assessment International Education endorsement process. Available in this series: Five textbooks fully covering the latest Cambridge International AS & A Level Mathematics syllabus (9709) are accompanied by a Workbook, and Student and Whiteboard eTextbooks. Pure Mathematics 1: Student Textbook (ISBN 9781510421721), Student eTextbook (ISBN 9781510420762), Whiteboard eTextbook (ISBN 9781510420779), Workbook (ISBN 9781510421844) Pure Mathematics 2 and 3: Student Textbook (ISBN 9781510421738), Student eTextbook (ISBN 9781510420854), Whiteboard eTextbook (ISBN 9781510420878), Workbook (ISBN 9781510421851) Mechanics: Student Textbook (ISBN 9781510421745), Student eTextbook (ISBN 9781510420953), Whiteboard eTextbook (ISBN 9781510420977), Workbook (ISBN 9781510421837) Probability & Statistics 1: Student Textbook (ISBN 9781510421752), Student eTextbook (ISBN 9781510421066), Whiteboard eTextbook (ISBN 9781510421097), Workbook (ISBN 9781510421875) Probability & Statistics 2: Student Textbook (ISBN 9781510421776), Student eTextbook (ISBN 9781510421158), Whiteboard eTextbook (ISBN 9781510421165), Workbook (9781510421882)
Publisher's Note: Products purchased from Third Party sellers are not guaranteed by the publisher for quality, authenticity, or access to any online entitlements included with the product. Almost every student has to study some sort of mathematical proofs, whether it be in geometry, trigonometry, or with higher-level topics. In addition, mathematical theorems have become an interesting course for many students outside of the mathematical arena, purely for the reasoning and logic that is needed to complete them. Therefore, it is not uncommon to have philosophy and law students grappling with proofs. This book is the perfect resource for demystifying the techniques and principles that govern the mathematical proof area, and is done with the standard "Demystified" level, questions and answers, and accessibility.
Defining his subject as making the art of verifying computer programs (debugging) into a science, the author addresses both practical and theoretical aspects of the process. A self-contained treatment, it includes selected concepts of computability theory and mathematical logic, and each chapter concludes with bibliographic remarks, references, and problems. This book is a classic text on sequential program verification; it has been widely translated from the original Hebrew and is much in demand among graduate students in the field of computer science (it may also be used as an undergraduate text for advanced classes). Unabridged republication of the edition published by McGraw-Hill, New York, 1974.
Universally acknowledged as the classic text in its field, this volume covers order statistics and their exceedances; exact distribution of extremes; analytical study of extremes; the 1st asymptotic distribution; uses of the 1st, 2nd, and 3rd asymptotes; and the range summary. 1958 edition. Includes 44 tables and 97 graphs.
The ever-expanding field of extremal graph theory encompasses an array of problem-solving methods, including applications to economics, computer science, and optimization theory. This volume presents a concise yet comprehensive treatment, featuring complete proofs for almost all of its results and numerous exercises. 1978 edition.
Exam Board: Edexcel Level: AS and A level Subject: Further Mathematics First teaching: September 2017 First exams: Summer 2018 With over 1.3 million copies sold of the previous edition, Pearson's textbooks are the market-leading and most trusted resources for AS and A level Further Mathematics. This book covers all the content needed for the optional Edexcel AS and A level Further Pure Mathematics 1 exams. Fully updated to match the 2017 specifications, with more of a focus on problem-solving and modelling. FREE additional online content to support your independent learning, including full worked solutions for every question in the book (SolutionBank) and GeoGebra interactives. Includes access to an online digital edition (valid for 3 years once activated). Includes worked examples with guidance, lots of exam-style questions, practice papers, and plenty of mixed and review exercises.
Geometry Essentials For Dummies (9781119590446) was previously published as Geometry Essentials For Dummies (9781118068755). While this version features a new Dummies cover and design, the content is the same as the prior release and should not be considered a new or updated product. Just the critical concepts you need to score high in geometry This practical, friendly guide focuses on critical concepts taught in a typical geometry course, from the properties of triangles, parallelograms, circles, and cylinders, to the skills and strategies you need to write geometry proofs. Geometry Essentials For Dummies is perfect for cramming or doing homework, or as a reference for parents helping kids study for exams. Get down to the basics -- get a handle on the basics of geometry, from lines, segments, and angles, to vertices, altitudes, and diagonals Conquer proofs with confidence -- follow easy-to-grasp instructions for understanding the components of a formal geometry proof Take triangles in strides -- learn how to take in a triangle's sides, analyze its angles, work through an SAS proof, and apply the Pythagorean Theorem Polish up on polygons -- get the lowdown on quadrilaterals and other polygons: their angles, areas, properties, perimeters, and much more
A stimulating view of mathematics that appeals to students as well as teachers, this undergraduate-level text is written in an informal style that makes no sacrifice of depth or challenge. Based on 20 years of teaching by a leading researcher in graph theory, it offers a solid foundation on the subject. This revised and augmented edition features new exercised, simplifications, and other improvements suggested by classroom users and reviewers. Unabridged republication of the revised and augmented edition published by Academic Press, Boston, 1994.
MATHEMATICAL APPLICATIONS FOR THE MANAGEMENT, LIFE, AND SOCIAL SCIENCES, 11th Edition, features a concept-based approach, multiple presentation methods, and interesting and relevant applications that keep readers-future professionals in business, economics, life sciences, and social sciences-engaged in the material. This edition retains the book's real-life context by adding to and updating the substantial number of applications. It also continues the focus on modeling, with modeling problems now clearly labeled in the examples. A brief review of algebra prepares users with different backgrounds for the material in later chapters.
A powerful method of analysis with numerous applications, conformal mapping provides solutions to problems in fields as diverse as electromagnetics, heat flow, fluid flow, mechanics, and acoustics. This volume introduces the basic mathematical tools behind conformal mapping, describes advances in technique, and illustrates a broad range of applications. Author Roland Schinzinger has taught courses at all levels in engineering for over 40 years, and this text offers advanced undergraduate and graduate students the benefits of his vast experience. Unabridged republication of the edition published by Elsevier Science Publishers B. V., Amsterdam, 1991.
This Student Book provides full support for the Further Statistics 2 paper in the Edexcel A Level exams. Throughout the book, the explanations are clear and concise, with an emphasis on visual presentation, abundant worked examples and learning by doing. In every chapter, sequential exercises allow students to practise first their fluency and skills, and then the new exam-style problem-solving and modelling questions. The problem-solving is supported by Strategy boxes, which provide guidance on how best to approach these questions. Short answers are given in the back, while full step-by-step solutions to every single question can be found online. This Student Book belongs to a series of 10 OUP Student Books covering all the compulsory and optional papers for Edexcel Further Maths AS and A Level.
Larson IS student success. ELEMENTARY AND INTERMEDIATE ALGEBRA: ALGEBRA WITHIN REACH, 6E, International Edition owes its success to the hallmark features for which the Larson team is known: learning by example, a straightforward and accessible writing style, emphasis on visualization through the use of graphs to reinforce algebraic and numeric solutions and to interpret data, and comprehensive exercise sets. These pedagogical features are carefully coordinated to ensure that students are better able to make connections between mathematical concepts and understand the content. With a bright, appealing design, the new Sixth Edition builds on the Larson tradition of guided learning by incorporating a comprehensive range of student success materials to help develop students' proficiency and conceptual understanding of algebra. The text also continues coverage and integration of geometry in examples and exercises.
"This wonderful little book by Alain Robert should bring about a complete change in the learning of NSA. The author has accomplished a rare feat in the educational literature. He has succeeded in writing a book which is simple and brilliant, deep and witty, short and far-ranging. This is mathematics teaching at its best."-J.-M. LÚvy-Leblond, European Journal of Physics
This Student Book provides full support for AQA's new linear Further Maths specification. Covering both the compulsory content (further pure) and all the optional content (mechanics, statistics and discrete maths), each chapter starts with an Orientation box, clarifying which A Level Maths topics are being built on, and what learning objectives will be covered. Each chapter section starts with a clear and concise explanation of the maths, with an emphasis on visual presentation. Abundant worked examples show how key techniques can be used and common pitfalls to avoid. Separate exercises allow students to practise first their fluency and skills, and then the new exam-style problem-solving and modelling questions. The problem-solving is supported by Strategy boxes, which provide guidance on how best to approach these questions. Answers are given in the back of the book, while full step-by-step solutions to every single question can be found online. This Student Book provides a complete course for Further Maths and is the ideal way for a student to become a mathematician.
Comprehensive and complete, this overview provides a single-volume treatment of key algorithms and theories. The author provides clear explanations of all theoretical aspects, with rigorous proof of most results. The two-part treatment begins with the derivation of optimality conditions and discussions of convex programming, duality, generalized convexity, and analysis of selected nonlinear programs. The second part concerns techniques for numerical solutions and unconstrained optimization methods, and it presents commonly used algorithms for constrained nonlinear optimization problems. This graduate-level text requires no advanced mathematical background beyond elementary calculus, linear algebra, and real analysis. 1976 ed. 58 figures. 7 tables.
A prominent and influential mathematician who was received numerous awards wrote this text to remedy a common failing in teaching algebra: the neglect of related instruction in geometry. Based on his many years of experience as an instructor the University of Chicago, author Irving Kaplansky presents a coherent overview of the correlation between these two branches of mathematics, illustrating his topics with an abundance of examples, exercises, and proofs. Suitable for both undergraduate and graduate courses. Unabridged republication of the edition published by Chelsea Publishing Company, New York, 1974.
Conceived by the author as an introduction to "why the calculus works" (otherwise known as "analysis"), this volume represents a critical reexamination of the infinite processes encountered in elementary mathematics. Part I presents a broad description of the coming parts, and Part II offers a detailed examination of the infinite processes arising in the realm of number--rational and irrational numbers and their representation as infinite decimals. Most of the text is devoted to analysis of specific examples. Part III explores the extent to which the familiar geometric notions of length, area, and volume depend on infinite processes. Part IV defines the evolution of the concept of functions by examining the most familiar examples--polynomial, rational, exponential, and trigonometric functions. Exercises form an integral part of the text, and the author has provided numerous opportunities for students to reinforce their newly acquired skills. Unabridged republication of "Infinite Processes as published by Springer-Verlag, New York, 1982. Preface. Advice to the Reader. Index.
Coherent treatment provides comprehensive view of basic methods and results of the combinatorial study of finite set systems. The Clements-Lindstrom extension of the Kruskal-Katona theorem to multisets is explored, as is the Greene-Kleitman result concerning k-saturated chain partitions of general partially ordered sets. Connections with Dilworth's theorem, the marriage problem, and probability are also discussed. Each chapter ends with a helpful series of exercises and outline solutions appear at the end. "An excellent text for a topics course in discrete mathematics."--Bulletin of the American Mathematical Society.
Perceptively written text examines optimization problems that can be formulated in terms of networks and algebraic structures called matroids. Chapters cover shortest paths, network flows, bipartite matching, nonbipartite matching, matroids and the greedy algorithm, matroid intersections, and the matroid parity problems. A suitable text or reference for courses in combinatorial computing and concrete computational complexity in departments of computer science and mathematics.
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