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Books > Medicine > Other branches of medicine > Pharmacology > Medical toxicology

The Toxicology of Carbon Nanotubes (Hardcover, New): Ken Donaldson, Craig Poland, Rodger Duffin, James Bonner The Toxicology of Carbon Nanotubes (Hardcover, New)
Ken Donaldson, Craig Poland, Rodger Duffin, James Bonner
R2,180 R2,011 Discovery Miles 20 110 Save R169 (8%) Shipped within 20 - 25 working days

The widespread and increasing use of carbon nanotubes in scientific and engineering research and their incorporation into manufactured goods has urged an assessment of the risks and hazards associated with exposure to them. The field of nanotoxicology studies the toxicology of nanoparticles such as carbon nanotubes and has become a major growth area aimed towards risk assessment of nanoparticles. Compiled by a team of leading experts at the forefront of research, this is the first book dedicated to the toxicology of carbon nanotubes. It provides state-of-the-science information on how and why they are so potentially dangerous if breathed in, including their similarities to asbestos. The book examines various aspects of carbon nanotubes, from their manufacture and aerodynamic behaviour to their effects at molecular level in the lungs. It is invaluable to the many groups involved with research in this area, as well as to regulators and risk assessors.

Choked - Life and Breath in the Age of Air Pollution (Hardcover): Beth Gardiner Choked - Life and Breath in the Age of Air Pollution (Hardcover)
Beth Gardiner
R531 R419 Discovery Miles 4 190 Save R112 (21%) 16 working days

Nothing is as elemental, as essential to human life, as the air we breathe. Yet around the world, in rich countries and poor ones, it is quietly poisoning us. Air pollution prematurely kills seven million people every year, including more than one hundred thousand Americans. It is strongly linked to strokes, heart attacks, many kinds of cancer, dementia, and premature birth, among other ailments. In Choked, Beth Gardiner travels the world to tell the story of this modern-day plague, taking readers from the halls of power in Washington and the diesel-fogged London streets she walks with her daughter to Poland's coal heartland and India's gasping capital. In a gripping narrative that's alive with powerful voices and personalities, she exposes the political decisions and economic forces that have kept so many of us breathing dirty air. This is a moving, up-close look at the human toll, where we meet the scientists who have transformed our understanding of pollution's effects on the body and the ordinary people fighting for a cleaner future. In the United States, air is far cleaner than it once was. But progress has failed to keep up with the science, which tells us that even today's lower pollution levels are doing real damage. And as the Trump administration rips up the regulations that have brought us where we are, decades of gains are now at risk. Elsewhere, the problem is far worse, and choking nations like China are scrambling to replicate the achievements of an American agency--the EPA--that until recently was the envy of the world. Clean air feels like a birthright. But it can disappear in a puff of smoke if the rules that protect it are unraveled. At home and around the world, it's never been more important to understand how progress happened and what dangers might still be in store. Choked shows us that we hold the power to build a cleaner, healthier future: one in which breathing, life's most basic function, no longer carries a hidden danger.

The Comet Assay in Toxicology (Hardcover, 2nd New edition): Diana Anderson, Alok Dhawan The Comet Assay in Toxicology (Hardcover, 2nd New edition)
Diana Anderson, Alok Dhawan
R4,555 Discovery Miles 45 550 Shipped within 20 - 25 working days

Concerns about the adverse effects of chemicals present in the environment have created a need for better systems to assess their potential consequences on human health. One potential solution is the versatile and state-of-the-art Comet assay. Simple, sensitive, rapid and visual, this modern toxicological method allows quantitative and qualitative assessment of DNA damage in single cells. This assay is used in diverse fields ranging from clinical applications, human monitoring and environmental toxicology through to genetic toxicity testing. This updated and revised edition of The Comet Assay in Toxicology provides the latest information on this important tool. It addresses, in-depth, the different protocols, statistical analyses and applications used worldwide. It also includes the guidelines recommended by the Working Group on Comet Assay. The book begins with a review of the genesis of the assay for those new to the technique and goes on to explain procedures followed to assess different types of DNA damage, various applications of the assay, and guidelines for the conduct of the assay in in vitro and in vivo systems. New chapters written for this edition will provide information on the most contemporary approaches and applications, including in silico approaches, on meta-analysis of data and on the application of the Comet Assay in nanotoxicology. This book will serve as both a reference and a guide to students as well as investigators in the biomedical, biochemical and pharmaceutical sciences fields.

Developmental Toxicology - Methods and Protocols (Hardcover, 2nd ed. 2019): Jason M. Hansen, Louise M. Winn Developmental Toxicology - Methods and Protocols (Hardcover, 2nd ed. 2019)
Jason M. Hansen, Louise M. Winn
R3,976 R3,130 Discovery Miles 31 300 Save R846 (21%) Shipped within 20 - 25 working days

This thorough edition explores numerous methodological approaches that can be extremely informative for our understanding of the developmental toxicant mechanisms, characterization of developmental outcomes, and development of potential interventions that are clinically relevant. Presenting both staple and state-of-the-art approaches, the book focuses on numerous cellular models (induced pluripotent stem cells, neural crest culture, etc.), some less frequently used but important animal models (chick, zebrafish), in vitro approaches using whole embryos (rat, mouse and rabbit), and specific outcome methodologies to assess changes on the morphological to molecular level. Written for the highly successful Methods in Molecular Biology series, chapters include the kind of detail and expert implementation advice that allows for smooth processes in the lab. Authoritative and practical, Developmental Toxicology: Methods and Protocols, Second Edition serves as an ideal aid to support further investigation into the specific mechanisms and outcomes of developmental exposures.

Human Stem Cell Toxicology (Hardcover): James L. Sherley Human Stem Cell Toxicology (Hardcover)
James L. Sherley; Edited by (editors-in-chief) Diana Anderson; Contributions by Dipak Datta, Wenbin Deng, William G. Thilly, …
R4,278 Discovery Miles 42 780 Shipped within 20 - 25 working days

This book addresses a long-standing problem in environmental toxicology and drug development, which new research advances are beginning to address. It will advance the scientific knowledge of toxicologists in a several different application areas, including environmental health sciences, pharmaceutical drug development, and medicine. It is relevant for Academics, Postgraduates, Undergraduates and Industrialists working in the areas of Toxicology, Pharmaceutical Sciences, Tissue Cell Biology and Stem Cell Biology. Competing books include the 2014 Handbook of Nanotoxicology, Nanomedicine, and Stem Cell Use in Toxicology. Cross-promote with Stem Cells: Regenerative Pharmacology, Drug Discovery & Development, edited by Timothy Allsopp and Chris Mason and planned for publication in the Drug Discovery Series in 2016.

Toxicology - The Past, Present, & Future of Basic, Clinical & Forensic Medicine -- Volume 2 (Hardcover): Rajat Sethi, Chandra... Toxicology - The Past, Present, & Future of Basic, Clinical & Forensic Medicine -- Volume 2 (Hardcover)
Rajat Sethi, Chandra Kolli, Delwar Hussain
R4,647 R3,106 Discovery Miles 31 060 Save R1,541 (33%) Shipped within 20 - 25 working days

This book offers readers an overview of the field of toxicology while incorporating historical context with present day advances. The chapters, written in a style that facilitates the reader's connection of past developments with the present state-of-the-art practices in specific fields of toxicology, provide a detailed coverage of diverse areas in toxicology. The areas of chapters chosen for detailed discussion are characteristic of the overall field and helps to reinforce the basic principles of toxicology. As such, this book will be a valuable resource not only for those scientists in the field of toxicology, but also for those in related fields (e.g., pharmacology, physiology, microbiology, biochemistry, immunology and others). Additionally, this book will be a valuable resource for teaching graduate students in not only toxicology, but also in the related fields above. While this book is not primarily intended as an introductory text for undergraduate students' first exposure to the field of toxicology, it would serve very useful as a text for an advanced undergraduate level biology or chemistry course. The chapters are filled with appropriate tables and figures which help illustrate and reinforce the information in each chapter. The referencing of material cited is carefully prepared and provides links to additional information that will aid the reader in understanding and appreciating the information within the text. The reader will find this book to be of significant depth and breadth so as to meet the needs of many groups of students and established scientists.

Aerobiology - The Toxicology of Airborne Pathogens and Toxins (Hardcover): Harry Salem, Sidney A. Katz Aerobiology - The Toxicology of Airborne Pathogens and Toxins (Hardcover)
Harry Salem, Sidney A. Katz; Series edited by Tim Marrs; Edited by (editors-in-chief) Diana Anderson; Contributions by Terry J. Henderson, …
R4,546 Discovery Miles 45 460 Shipped within 20 - 25 working days

Aerobiology is the study of airborne organic particulates in the environment, such as bacteria or fungal spores. These can be either naturally occurring or artificially introduced into the air. Some of the toxicological, pharmacological, and physiological effects of bioaerosols include infections, allergies, and cancer. Research efforts in aerobiology range from remediating household mould to combating bioterrorism. This book focusses on the toxicological aspects of aerobiology, considering the adverse health effects associated with the inhalation of specific bioaerosols, such as anthrax and ricin. Additionally, chapters cover techniques for generating, sampling and characterizing airborne biological materials as well as methods for establishing standards of exposure. Moreover, mitigation of exposure and protection against exposure are described. Bringing together the contemporary status of information in the area, this book will be a valuable reference book for pulmonary specialists, general practitioners of medicine, public health and public safety officers, first responders, military personnel, and students studying toxicology and related disciplines.

Toxicology of Nanomaterials (Hardcover): Yuliang Zhao, Zhiyong Zhang, Weiyue Feng Toxicology of Nanomaterials (Hardcover)
Yuliang Zhao, Zhiyong Zhang, Weiyue Feng
R3,269 R2,726 Discovery Miles 27 260 Save R543 (17%) Shipped within 20 - 25 working days

This book provides the reader with a comprehensive view of analytical methods for nanotoxicology studies. After an introduction to nanomaterials and toxicological studies, the book discusses various characterization methods of nanomaterials and continues with the detection of nanoparticles in vivo as well as in vitro. A variety of techniques in molecular toxicology of nanomaterials is presented, followed by a detailed explanation of interaction between nanoparticles and biomacromolecules, including the structure-toxicity relationships of nanomaterials. Finally, the book concludes with the advantages and challenges of the analytical methods for nanotoxicology.

New Horizons in Predictive Drug Metabolism and Pharmacokinetics (Hardcover): Alan G. E. Wilson New Horizons in Predictive Drug Metabolism and Pharmacokinetics (Hardcover)
Alan G. E. Wilson; Series edited by David P. Rotella; Contributions by John Caldwell, Alan Wilson, Christel Bergstrom, …
R4,440 Discovery Miles 44 400 Shipped within 20 - 25 working days

Drug metabolism, pharmacokinetics and toxicokinetics as determinants of drug attrition and the safety of xenobiotics are critically important. This book presents a comprehensive treatise on the current issues and challenges facing drug metabolism and pharmacokinetics. Readers will find a thorough exploration of their predictive role in impacting drug discovery and development and in improving the success rate and safety assessment of pharmaceuticals and industrial or occupational chemicals. Chapters not only focus on the current state of art, with distinct examples, but on future needs and approaches likely to improve our prediction of potential human risk. Discussions of critical properties that are determinants of a compound's metabolic and pharmacokinetic fate follow introductory chapters. The Drug Discovery process increasingly incorporates pharmacokinetics and drug metabolism screening and focus has shifted towards in silico, computational and systems biology approaches. Core chapters reflect this and the recent interest and need to assess the role of transporters, along with drug metabolizing enzymes, as potential determinants of pharmacokinetic behaviour, toxicity and drug-drug interactions. Lastly, chapters cover the issues and factors involved in translating pharmacokinetics from in silico to in vivo and from animal models to man, and postulate future directions and opportunities. Leading experts from academia, industry and regulatory bodies across the globe contribute their knowledge to this book, which scientists involved in many aspects of the drug discovery process, as well as regulators and postgraduate students, will find a useful resource.

The Charnoly Body - A Novel Biomarker of Mitochondrial Bioenergetics (Hardcover): Sushil Sharma The Charnoly Body - A Novel Biomarker of Mitochondrial Bioenergetics (Hardcover)
Sushil Sharma
R3,794 Discovery Miles 37 940 Shipped within 20 - 25 working days

Diversified physicochemical injuries trigger Charnoly body (CB) formation as pleomorphic, electron-dense, multi-lamellar stacks of nonfunctional mitochondrial membranes in the most vulnerable cell. Free radicals induce downregulation of mitochondrial DNA, microRNA, AgNOR, and epigenetics to trigger CB molecular pathogenesis. CB is eliminated by energy (ATP)-driven lysosome-dependent charnolophagy as a basic molecular mechanism of intracellular detoxification to prevent acute and chronic diseases. Accumulation of CB at the junction of axon hillock and charnolosome (CS) at the synapses causes cognitive impairments; whereas, nonspecific induction of CB causes GIT stress, myelosuppression, alopecia, neurotoxicity, cardiotoxicity, and infertility in multidrug-resistant malignancies. Hence, stem cell-specific CB, charnolophagy, and CS agonists/antagonists are introduced as novel charnolopharmacotherapeutics for the successful treatment of cardiovascular diseases, neurodegenerative diseases, infectious diseases, drug addiction, and cancer. Nanoparticles to improve drug delivery, CS exocytosis, and disease-specific spatiotemporal charnolosomics employing correlative and combinatorial bioinformatics boost mitochondrial bioenergetics through balanced diet, exercise, and antioxidants. The book will be of interest to medical scientists and practitioners.

Handbook of Nanotoxicology, Nanomedicine and Stem Cell Use in Toxicology (Hardcover): Saura C. Sahu, Daniel A. Casciano Handbook of Nanotoxicology, Nanomedicine and Stem Cell Use in Toxicology (Hardcover)
Saura C. Sahu, Daniel A. Casciano
R3,778 R3,361 Discovery Miles 33 610 Save R417 (11%) Shipped within 20 - 25 working days

The Handbook of Nanotoxicology, Nanomedicine and Stem Cell Use in Toxicology provides an insight into the current trends and future directions of research in these rapidly developing scientific fields. Written by leading scientists and experts, the Handbook will be of interest to various scientific disciplines including toxicology, medicine, and pharmacology, as well as food, drug, and other regulatory sciences.

Pathology for Toxicologists - Principles and Practices of Laboratory Animal Pathology for Study Personnel (Paperback):... Pathology for Toxicologists - Principles and Practices of Laboratory Animal Pathology for Study Personnel (Paperback)
Elizabeth McInnes
R1,103 R1,005 Discovery Miles 10 050 Save R98 (9%) Shipped within 20 - 25 working days

Non-pathologists, such as toxicologists and study personnel, can find it difficult to understand the data they receive from pathologists. Toxicological pathologists write long, detailed and highly technical reports. Study personnel are under daily pressure to decide whether lesions described in pathology reports are treatment-related and thus important to the pharmaceutical company or whether the lesions are background changes and thus of little significance. Written by experienced toxicological pathologists, Pathology for Toxicologists: Principles and Practices of Laboratory Animal Pathology for Study Personnel serves to bridge the gap in the understanding of pathology data, enabling non-pathologists to more easily comprehend pathology reports, better integrate pathology data into final study reports and ask pathologists relevant questions about the test compound. This succinct, fully referenced, full colour book is suitable for toxicologists at all stages of their training or career who want to know more about the pathology encountered in laboratory animals used in safety studies. Key features include important chapters on spontaneous and target organ lesions in rats, mice, non-human primates, mini pigs, rabbits and beagle dogs as well as information on general pathology, macroscopic target organ lesions, ancillary pathology techniques, haematology, biochemistry and adversity. Pathology for Toxicologists: Principles and Practices of Laboratory Animal Pathology for Study Personnel includes: * Colour diagrams explaining how lesions are caused by either external compounds or spontaneously * The anatomic variations and background lesions of laboratory animals * Advice on sampling tissues, necropsy, ancillary pathology techniques and recording data * A chapter on the haematology and biochemistry of laboratory animals * Full colour photographs of common macroscopic lesions encountered in laboratory animals * A comprehensive glossary

Poisons and Poisonings - Death by Stealth (Paperback): Tony Hargreaves Poisons and Poisonings - Death by Stealth (Paperback)
Tony Hargreaves
R560 Discovery Miles 5 600 Shipped within 20 - 25 working days

It is London in the 1890s. A young woman has just taken a dose of a tonic she's been given in the belief that it will improve her complexion. About ten minutes pass and she starts to experience breathing difficulties. Another minute and she collapses. Mercifully, death arrives but the poison has not yet finished, for the process of rigor mortis has set in with unusual speed. Her body is frozen into a rigid and contorted mass. This is the horror of strychnine, the nastiest of poisons. Despite knowing all the dreadfulness of this poison, Dr Thomas Neill Cream, the Lambeth Poisoner, used it to kill several prostitutes. And who knows how many other victims experienced the horror of strychnine, for it was by no means an uncommon poison. Today, there may well be more poisons available to the individual than ever before, but there are also advances in medical examination and forensic analysis that increase the likelihood of the poisoner being caught. This book will examine poisons, both natural and man-made menaces, and cases based on a particular poison as well as information about how forensic analysis is conducted. Appealing to scientists and non-scientists alike, this enthralling book will entertain and educate and bring the reader up to date with how important chemical analysis is in crime detection.

Formaldehyde - Exposure, Toxicity and Health Effects (Hardcover): Luoping Zhang Formaldehyde - Exposure, Toxicity and Health Effects (Hardcover)
Luoping Zhang
R3,790 Discovery Miles 37 900 Shipped within 20 - 25 working days

Formaldehyde is virtually ubiquitous in the modern environment due to its cost-effective nature, its use in resin formation, and its preservative properties. Though formaldehyde is necessary for many products and processes important to the world's economy, this economic dependence on formaldehyde comes at a cost to public health. Growth and consequent industrialization rely heavily on formaldehyde use. New buildings-residences, public places, and offices-are not only built with timber preserved by formaldehyde, but they are also furnished with wood, wool, and textile products that contain formaldehyde. The general population faces environmental exposure from indoor and outdoor air pollution, food, and even medicine. Scientific inquiry into formaldehyde exposure has grown in response. This book consolidates the new and established body of formaldehyde research in the scholarly community, focusing on exposure, genotoxicity, and adverse health outcomes. Through this resource, we hope to increase awareness of the broad range of health effects posed by formaldehyde exposure, and to encourage interdisciplinary interest, as well as research, into this pervasive compound-especially in the United States and China, where formaldehyde production and usage is high. This book will be useful to researchers of environmental and occupational exposure, students, and government regulators and anyone exposed to formaldehyde in the workplace and/or at home.

Aging and Vulnerability to Environmental Chemicals - Age-related Disorders and their Origins in Environmental Exposures... Aging and Vulnerability to Environmental Chemicals - Age-related Disorders and their Origins in Environmental Exposures (Hardcover)
Bernard Weiss; Series edited by Diana Anderson, Tim Marrs, Mike Waters, Martin F. Wilks; Contributions by …
R3,944 Discovery Miles 39 440 Shipped within 20 - 25 working days

The world's aging populations, with age-related disorders affecting every organ system, are generating medical care costs rising at an unsustainable rate. Although such disorders are expected, we are now beginning to ask whether exposures to toxic environmental chemicals hasten or account for their onset. This book provides a detailed review of current knowledge about the possible associations between a variety of chemical contaminants and adverse effects later in life. It will serve as a guide to policy decisions about protecting us from chemical exposures that distort the aging process. It provides a guide to current understanding of how our contaminated environment may be influencing the aging process and contains examples of approaches that will help us undertake further research on this topic. It will help alert policy makers to the implications of chemical pollution for aging populations and will help formulate initiatives for environmental protection. The book provides a comprehensive view of how environmental exposures may alter the health of our aging population. For readers engaged in environmental research, or aging research, it will highlight a number of questions that need more attention For other readers, they will learn something about the kind of exposures they should avoid or that they should prompt policy makers to reduce or eliminate.

The Toxin Solution - How Hidden Poisons in the Air, Water, Food, and Products We Use are Destroying Our Health--and What We Can... The Toxin Solution - How Hidden Poisons in the Air, Water, Food, and Products We Use are Destroying Our Health--and What We Can Do to Fix it (Paperback)
Joseph E. Pizzorno
R267 R193 Discovery Miles 1 930 Save R74 (28%) Shipped within 20 - 25 working days

For almost half a century, Dr. Joe Pizzorno has taught tens of thousands of students and doctors, authored or co-authored 11 books, written over 100 articles in scientific journals, and cared for tens of thousands of patients either directly or indirectly. As a leading pioneer of integrative medicine, he's convinced that that there are two key determinants of whether or not you will enjoy health today, tomorrow, and lifelong: 1. The extent of your exposure to toxins and 2. Your ability to process the toxins that are absorbed into your body. While lifestyle, diet, and genetics all play a major role in your health, many of the primary symptoms of declining health and chronic disease start with toxic overload. The human body has an innate capacity to detoxify; however, we are exposed today to a level of consumer, agricultural, and industrial toxins that our bodies never evolved to handle. Over a lifetime, this toxic overload contributes to diseases once rare that are now epidemic in people of all ages. The Toxin Solution offers readers the proven detox and tailored protocols Pizzorno has developed to release toxic overload and restore health. Readers will also learn how to avoid toxins (wherever possible) as they progressively release them from their cells, tissues, fat stores, and liver. In just eight weeks, The Toxin Solution will: * Teach you to avoid toxins in food and the products you use. * Help repair your liver, gut, kidneys, and prepare for detox. * Support your body in releasing the chemicals. * Repair some of the damage toxins have caused. Our parents and grandparents undoubtedly faced their own unique stressors, but they were nothing like the barrage of chemicals, heavy metals, radiation, electromagnetic frequencies, and pollution that batter us today. Fortunately, our bodies have a tremendous capacity to remain vital, bounce back (and even heal themselves). And as you follow The Toxin Solution, you will discover how releasing and avoiding toxins will help you to feel radically better today-and for the rest of your life.

Toxicology Handbook (Paperback, 3rd Revised edition): Lindsay Murray, Mark Little, Ovidiu Pascu, Kerry Anne Hoggett Toxicology Handbook (Paperback, 3rd Revised edition)
Lindsay Murray, Mark Little, Ovidiu Pascu, Kerry Anne Hoggett
R1,400 R1,287 Discovery Miles 12 870 Save R113 (8%) Shipped within 20 - 25 working days
Environmental Cardiology - Pollution and Heart Disease (Hardcover, Edition.): Aruni Bhatnagar Environmental Cardiology - Pollution and Heart Disease (Hardcover, Edition.)
Aruni Bhatnagar
R3,116 Discovery Miles 31 160 Shipped within 20 - 25 working days

Although it is widely recognized that environmental factors such as smoking, diet, exercise, and socioeconomic status affect the risk of cardiovascular disease, recent work showing the effects of other environmental factors provides a more complete assessment of the situation. This view has emerged from three developments. Firstly, there has been a sudden explosion in the prevalence of diabetes and obesity which indicates a strong environmental component. Secondly, there is an accumulation of evidence suggesting that most cases of these diseases could be prevented by healthy lifestyle choices. Finally, studies have shown that exposure to environmental pollutants has a significant effect on heart disease risk. This book is the first to provide a comprehensive account of the effects of pollutants on heart disease and to integrate this area of research within the overall theme of environmental cardiology. The introductory chapter outlines the effects of different aspects of the environment on heart disease and provides a context for the discussion that follows. Subsequent chapters give an overview of the effects of particulate matter and discuss the epidemiological studies supporting the link. The book then goes on to cover the effects of pollution on different aspects of cardiovascular disease (hypertension, stroke, heart failure, ischemic heart disease and atherogenesis). Because of a close association between diabetes and heart disease, a discussion of the effects of particulate matter on diabetes is also included. Later chapters discuss the effects of individual pollutants such as vehicular emissions, metals and aldehydes. A review on manufactured nanoparticles is incorporated because these particles represent an important new threat to cardiovascular health. The understanding that emerges from this monograph suggests that we must be more alert to the effects of the environment and develop strategies that target, not only the diseased individual, but also the unhealthy, disease-causing environment. It is essential reading for cardiologists, epidemiologists, urban planners and pollution control specialists.

A Systems Biology Approach to Advancing Adverse Outcome Pathways for Risk Assessment (Hardcover, 1st ed. 2018): Natalia... A Systems Biology Approach to Advancing Adverse Outcome Pathways for Risk Assessment (Hardcover, 1st ed. 2018)
Natalia Garcia-Reyero, Cheryl Murphy
R4,391 R3,545 Discovery Miles 35 450 Save R846 (19%) Shipped within 20 - 25 working days

Social pressure to minimize the use of animal testing, the ever-increasing concern on animal welfare, and the need for more human-relevant and more predictive toxicity tests are some of the drivers for new approaches to chemical screening. This book focuses on The Adverse Outcome Pathway, an analytical construct that describes a sequential chain of causally linked events at different levels of biological organization that lead to an adverse health or ecotoxicological effect. While past efforts have focused on toxicological pathway-based vision for human and ecological health assessment relying on in vitro systems and predictive models, The Adverse Outcome Pathway framework provides a simplified and structured way to organize toxicological information. Within the book, a systems biology approach supplies the tools to infer, link, and quantify the molecular initiating events and the key events and key event relationships leading to adverse outcomes. The advancement of these tools is crucial for the successful implementation of AOPs for regulatory purposes.

Silver in Healthcare - Its Antimicrobial Efficacy and Safety in Use (Hardcover, Edition.): Alan B.G. Lansdown Silver in Healthcare - Its Antimicrobial Efficacy and Safety in Use (Hardcover, Edition.)
Alan B.G. Lansdown
R3,106 Discovery Miles 31 060 Shipped within 20 - 25 working days

Silver in healthcare has many different facets and since the early concepts of microbiology of the 1880's, has been developed from usage in surgical clips, staples, foil wound dressings and surgical implants, to the widespread and clinically effective antiseptic wound dressings, sutures, catheters, bone and dental implants, and cardiovascular devices of today. From the dawn of human civilisation, silver has had a role of water purification and even now has a role in hospital water systems for control of MRSA and legionnaires disease. Biotechnological advances in recent years have extended the antimicrobial properties of silver into production of hygiene textiles and use in domestic products. Important advances have been made in understanding mechanisms of antimicrobial action of silver, the central importance of ionisation patterns in the presence of body fluids and secretion, and the genetical and molecular profiles of silver resistance. This publication is a comprehensive account of the history of silver in medicine, its clinical benefits and wide advantages as a broad spectrum antimicrobial agent. It is clear from the extensive array of publications in recognised and unofficial press, that many misconceptions and misleading conceptions have been perpetuated, leading to errors in evaluation of the safety of the metal in occupational, domestic and therapeutic situations. The book is unique in that it is the only comprehensive presentation of the toxicology of silver and it identifies the major misconceptions in the safety of silver and interpretation of argyria and argyrosis as central features of silver toxicity. In this book, Dr Lansdown reviews the literature from a clinical and experimental viewpoint, with the benefit of his many years research on silver and experience gained in working with clinicians, healthcare product manufacturers and microbiologists. There is also discussion in the book on the relevance of antimicrobial resistance to silver and deficiencies in present day clinical practice in not evaluating incidences of resistance on a routine basis. The subject matter is presented in a readable fashion and includes reference to use of the metal in such practices as acupuncture and treatment of tropical diseases as practised in some parts of the world, each of which is accompanied by special clinical risk. It is also a collation of current views on the use and efficacy of silver as a broad spectrum antibiotic. The chapters which deal specifically with toxicological aspects of silver in clinical, occupational and environmental issues are central to the book's value. The book is aimed at clinicians, research scientists and product manufacturers and will provide ideas for new research and academic endeavour. It is also essential reading for research students with an interest in metal toxicity and its management in mammalian tissues.

Case Studies in Medical Toxicology - From the American College of Medical Toxicology (Hardcover, 1st ed. 2017): Leslie R. Dye,... Case Studies in Medical Toxicology - From the American College of Medical Toxicology (Hardcover, 1st ed. 2017)
Leslie R. Dye, Christine Murphy, Michael Levine, Diane Calello, Aaron Skolnik
R3,607 R2,581 Discovery Miles 25 810 Save R1,026 (28%) Shipped within 20 - 25 working days

The ACMT National Case Conference (NCC) is a monthly discussion of novel or interesting cases in medical toxicology. Participation is through online webinar, and the conferences are recorded to allow for review at any time. The cases in this book are taken from recordings of NCC with edits and revisions by contributors and editors to demonstrate educational points. The majority of the case information is from the original recording and represents actual patient presentations. However, some of the details have been changed and fictional information added to enhance the educational value. This volume covers a broad range of toxicological topics, and specialty guidance is offered at the end of every case to aid non-toxicologists. The dilemmas are applicable to both academic and clinical medicine. A list of relevant questions is also provided for each case. Subjects include common toxicological problems, rare presentations of common problems, common problems with controversial treatments or difficult diagnoses, and rare problems. Case Studies in Medical Toxicology from the American College of Medical Toxicology is a detailed reference text on specific toxicological issues and also serves as a practical review for those taking board exams. As a result, this volume is an important and necessary resource for medical students, residents, and fellows, as well as primary-care physicians, intensivists, and toxicologistsCase Studies in Medical Toxicology from the American College of Medical Toxicology is a detailed reference text on specific toxicological issues and also serves as a practical review for those taking board exams. As a result, this volume is an important and necessary resource for medical students, residents, and fellows, as well as primary-care physicians, intensivists, and toxicologists. All proceeds from this book will be donated to the Medical Toxicology Foundation.

Toxicity and Biodegradation Testing (Hardcover, 1st ed. 2018): Ederio Dino Bidoia, Renato Nallin Montagnolli Toxicity and Biodegradation Testing (Hardcover, 1st ed. 2018)
Ederio Dino Bidoia, Renato Nallin Montagnolli
R4,018 R3,228 Discovery Miles 32 280 Save R790 (20%) Shipped within 20 - 25 working days

This volume presents a broad compendium of techniques used in biodegradation and toxicological research. Through both legacy and up-to-date approaches to practical methodologies with proven results, the book examines the role and applications of analytical biodegradation quantification as it applies to the environmental sciences, particularly in the range of byproducts that are usually linked to toxicology, and the test organisms most often used in toxicity testing. Topics include scientific and technical feasibility studies, contaminant impacts evaluation, study design and analytical techniques, key methodologies required to prepare the biodegradation and toxicology protocols, as well as the handling of microbial communities related to such processes. Written for the Methods in Pharmacology and Toxicology series, chapters deal with a critical discussion of laboratory scale experiments, as well as full scale in situ and ex situ apparatus, with each chapter containing both a discursive section along with a detailed methods section. Detailed and authoritative, Toxicity and Biodegradation Testing is primarily focused toward the environmental sciences researcher, while the range of techniques also provides an introduction to biodegradation and toxicology methods for researchers outside of the field.

Guide to Foodborne Pathogens (Hardcover, 2nd Edition): Ronald G. Labbe, Santos Garcia Guide to Foodborne Pathogens (Hardcover, 2nd Edition)
Ronald G. Labbe, Santos Garcia
R3,392 R3,021 Discovery Miles 30 210 Save R371 (11%) Shipped within 20 - 25 working days

"Guide to Foodborne Pathogens" covers pathogens--bacteria, viruses, and parasites--that are most commonly responsible for foodborne illness. An essential guide for anyone in the food industry, research, or regulation who needs to ensure or enforce food safety, the guide delves into the nature of illnesses, the epidemiology of pathogens, and current detection, prevention, and control methods. The guide further includes chapters on new technologies for microbial detection and the globalization of the food supply, seafood toxins, and other miscellaneous agents.

Hair in Toxicology - An Important Bio-Monitor (Hardcover): Desmond John Tobin Hair in Toxicology - An Important Bio-Monitor (Hardcover)
Desmond John Tobin; Series edited by Diana Anderson, Mike Water, Timothy C. Marrs; Contributions by Pascal Kintz, …
R3,562 Discovery Miles 35 620 Shipped within 20 - 25 working days

Hair in Toxicology: An Important Biomonitor is the first book of its kind devoted exclusively to in-depth analysis of the hair shaft as an important tool for a diverse range of scientific investigations. This authoritative book combines contributions from experts in academic, governmental and industrial environments, to provide a unique, comprehensive look at: - Why hair can serve as an invaluable bio-resource in toxicology, with up-to-date reviews on hair growth, hair fibre formation and hair pigmentation - Information (including regulatory details) on the exposure of hair (and by extension the body) to drug and non-drug chemicals and pollutants - Toxicological issues relevant to the use of hair products (including colourants, shampoos and depilatories) - The ability of hair to capture information on personal identity, chemical exposure, and environmental interactions - How hair can provide an understanding of human life from archaeological and historical perspectives - Future direction in the use of hair in toxicology Hair in Toxicology: An Important Biomonitor is ideal as a reference and guide to investigations in the biomedical, biochemical and pharmaceutical sciences at the graduate and post graduate level.

What the Eyes Don't See - A Story of Crisis, Resistance, and Hope in an American City (Paperback): Mona Hanna-Attisha What the Eyes Don't See - A Story of Crisis, Resistance, and Hope in an American City (Paperback)
Mona Hanna-Attisha
R343 R278 Discovery Miles 2 780 Save R65 (19%) 16 working days
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