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Books > Philosophy > Topics in philosophy > Metaphysics & ontology

Representation and Reality in Wittgenstein's Tractatus (Hardcover): Jose L. Zalabardo Representation and Reality in Wittgenstein's Tractatus (Hardcover)
Jose L. Zalabardo
R1,391 Discovery Miles 13 910 Ships in 10 - 15 working days

Jose L. Zalabardo puts forward a new interpretation of central ideas in Wittgenstein's Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus concerning the structure of reality and our representations of it in thought and language. He shows the origins of Wittgenstein's picture theory of propositional representation in Russell's theories of judgment, arguing that the picture theory is Wittgenstein's solution to some of the problems that he found in Russell's position. Zalabardo defends the view that, for Wittgenstein, facts in general, and the facts that play the role of propositions in particular, are not composite items, arising from the combination of their constituents. They are ultimate, irreducible units, and what we think of as their constituents are features that facts have in common with one another. These common features have built into them their possibilities of combination with other features into possible situations. This is the source of the Tractarian account of non-actual possibilities. It is also the source of the idea that it is not possible to produce propositions answering to certain descriptions, including those that would give rise to Russell's paradox. Zalabardo then considers Wittgenstein's view that every proposition is a truth function of elementary propositions. He argues that this view is motivated by Wittgenstein's epistemology of logic, according to which we should be able to see logical relations by inspecting the structures of propositions. Finally, Zalabardo considers the problems that we face if we try to extend the application of the picture theory from elementary propositions to truth functions of these.

Quarks to Culture - How We Came to Be (Hardcover): Tyler Volk Quarks to Culture - How We Came to Be (Hardcover)
Tyler Volk
R798 R646 Discovery Miles 6 460 Save R152 (19%) Ships in 10 - 15 working days

Our world is nested, both physically and socially, and at each level we find innovations that are necessary for the next. Consider: atoms combine to form molecules, molecules combine to form single-celled organisms; when people come together, they build societies. Physics has gone far in mapping the basic mechanics of the simplest things and the dynamics of the overall nesting, as have biology and the social sciences for their fields. But what can we say about this beautifully complex whole? How does one stage shape another, and what can we learn about human existence through understanding an enlarged field of creation and being? In Quarks to Culture, Tyler Volk answers these questions, revealing how a universal natural rhythm-building from smaller things into larger, more complex things-resulted in a grand sequence of twelve fundamental levels across the realms of physics, biology, and culture. He introduces the key concept of "combogenesis," the building-up from combination and integration to produce new things with innovative relations. He explores common themes in how physics and chemistry led to biological evolution, and biological evolution to cultural evolution. Volk also provides insights into linkages across the sciences and fields of scholarship, and presents an exciting synthesis of ideas along a sequence of things and relations, from physical to living to cultural. The resulting inclusive natural philosophy brings clarity to our place in the world, offering a roadmap for those who seek to understand big history and wrestle with questions of how we came to be.

Puzzled?! - An Introduction to Philosophizing (Hardcover): Richard Kenneth Atkins Puzzled?! - An Introduction to Philosophizing (Hardcover)
Richard Kenneth Atkins
R1,092 R863 Discovery Miles 8 630 Save R229 (21%) Ships in 10 - 15 working days

Puzzled?! seamlessly fuses two traditional approaches to the study of philosophy at the introductory level. It is thematic, examining fundamental issues in epistemology, metaphysics, philosophy of religion, and more. It is also historical, introducing major philosophical arguments that have arisen throughout the history of Western philosophy. But its real innovation lies elsewhere. Each of its twelve chapters begins with a traditional argument of a thoroughly puzzling kind: a valid philosophical argument with highly plausible premises but a surprising conclusion. The remainder of the chapter shows how major innovations in the history of philosophy arise as logical responses to that argument. Written with a light touch, Puzzled?! nevertheless offers a rigorous introduction to the ideas it explores and to the foundations of critical thinking itself. It will serve as effectively as a main or supplementary text in an introduction to critical thinking as it will in Philosophy 101.

Metaphysics and Epistemology - A Guided Anthology (Paperback): Stephen Hetherington Metaphysics and Epistemology - A Guided Anthology (Paperback)
Stephen Hetherington
R1,123 R1,065 Discovery Miles 10 650 Save R58 (5%) Ships in 10 - 15 working days

Metaphysics and Epistemology: A Guided Anthology presents a comprehensive introductory overview of key themes, thinkers, and texts in metaphysics and epistemology. * Presents a wide-ranging collection of carefully excerpted readings on metaphysics and epistemology * Blends classic and contemporary works to reveal the historical development and present directions in the fields of metaphysics and epistemology * Provides succinct, insightful commentary to introduce the essence of each selection at the beginning of chapters which also serve to inter-link the selected writings

From East To West - Odyssey of a Soul (Paperback, 2nd New edition): Roy Bhaskar From East To West - Odyssey of a Soul (Paperback, 2nd New edition)
Roy Bhaskar
R1,006 Discovery Miles 10 060 Ships in 10 - 15 working days

In this radical book, Roy Bhaskar expands his philosophy of critical realism with an audacious re-synthesis of many aspects of Western and Eastern thought. Arguing that the existence of God provides the fundamental structure of the world, he renders plausible ideas of reincarnation, karma and moksha or liberation. Originally published in the year of the millennium, From East to West continues to be a groundbreaking and fundamental work within the critical realist tradition. Stimulating debate in ontology, epistemology, ethics, political philosophy and the philosophy of religion, this book has been influential as a major new development in critical realism. This second edition contains a new introduction from Mervyn Hartwig, who is the founding editor of the Journal of Critical Realism and editor and principal author of the Dictionary of Critical Realism.

Kant and the Problem of Metaphysics, Fifth Edition, Enlarged (Paperback, Fifth Edition, Enlarged): Martin Heidegger Kant and the Problem of Metaphysics, Fifth Edition, Enlarged (Paperback, Fifth Edition, Enlarged)
Martin Heidegger
R449 R410 Discovery Miles 4 100 Save R39 (9%) Ships in 10 - 15 working days

Since its original publication in 1929, Martin Heidegger s provocative book on Kant s Critique of Pure Reason has attracted much attention both as an important contribution to twentieth-century Kant scholarship and as a pivotal work in Heidegger s own development after Being and Time. This fifth, enlarged edition includes marginal notations made by Heidegger in his personal copy of the book and four new appendices Heidegger's postpublication notes on the book, his review of Ernst Cassirer's Philosophy of Symbolic Forms, Heidegger's response to reviews by rudolf Odebrecht and Cassirer, and an essay "On the History of the Philosophical Chair since 1866." The work is significant not only for its illuminating assessment of Kant s thought but also for its elaboration of themes first broached in Being and Time, especially the problem of how Heidegger proposed to enact his destruction of the metaphysical tradition and the role that his reading of Kant would play therein."

Radical Evil - A Philosophical Interrogation (Paperback): Richard J. Bernstein Radical Evil - A Philosophical Interrogation (Paperback)
Richard J. Bernstein
R508 Discovery Miles 5 080 Ships in 10 - 15 working days

At present, there is an enormous gulf between the visibility of evil and the paucity of our intellectual resources for coming to grips with it. We have been flooded with images of death camps, terrorist attacks and horrendous human suffering. Yet when we ask what we mean by radical evil and how we are to account for it, we seem to be at a loss for proper responses.

Bernstein seeks to discover what we can learn about the meaning of evil and human responsibility. He turns to philosophers such as Kant, who coined the expression 'radical evil', as well as to Hegel and Schelling. He also examines more recent explorations of evil, namely the thinking of Freud and Nietzsche on the moral psychology of evil. Finally, he looks at the way in which three post-Holocaust thinkers - Emmanuel Levinas, Hans Jonas, and Hannah Arendt - have sought to come to grips with evil "after Auschwitz."

Bernstein's primary concern throughout this challenging book is to enrich and deepen our understanding of evil in the contemporary world, and to emphasize the vigilance and personal responsibility required for combating it.

"Radical Evil" will be essential reading for students and scholars of philosophy, social and political theory, and religious studies.

Oxford Studies in Metaphysics Volume 11 (Hardcover): Karen Bennett, Dean W. Zimmerman Oxford Studies in Metaphysics Volume 11 (Hardcover)
Karen Bennett, Dean W. Zimmerman
R1,551 Discovery Miles 15 510 Ships in 10 - 15 working days

Much of the most interesting work in philosophy today is metaphysical in character. Oxford Studies in Metaphysics is a forum for the best new work in this flourishing field. OSM offers a broad view of the subject, featuring not only the traditionally central topics such as existence, identity, modality, time, and causation, but also the rich clusters of metaphysical questions in neighbouring fields, such as philsophy of mind and philosophy of science. Besides independent essays, volumes will often contain a critical essay on a recent book, or a symposium that allows participants to respond to one another's criticisms and questions. Anyone who wants to know what's happening in metaphysics can start here.

The Mechanical World - The Metaphysical Commitments of the New Mechanistic Approach (Hardcover, 1st ed. 2018): Beate Krickel The Mechanical World - The Metaphysical Commitments of the New Mechanistic Approach (Hardcover, 1st ed. 2018)
Beate Krickel
R1,887 R1,777 Discovery Miles 17 770 Save R110 (6%) Ships in 10 - 15 working days

This monograph examines the metaphysical commitments of the new mechanistic philosophy, a way of thinking that has returned to center stage. It challenges a variant of reductionism with regard to higher-level phenomena, which has crystallized as a default position among these so-called New Mechanists. Furthermore, it opposes those philosophers who reject the possibility of interlevel causation. Contemporary philosophers believe that the explanation of scientific phenomena requires the discovery of relevant mechanisms. As a result, new mechanists are, in the main, concerned solely with epistemological questions. But, the author argues, their most central claims rely on metaphysical assumptions. Thus, they must also take into account metaphysics, a system of thought concerned with explaining the fundamental nature of being and the world around it. This branch of philosophy does indeed matter to the empirical sciences. The chapters investigate the nature of mechanisms, their components, and the ways in which they can bring about different phenomena. In addition, the author develops a novel account of causation in terms of activities. The analysis provides the basis for many further research projects on mechanisms and their relations to, for example, the mind-body problem, realization, multiple realization, natural kinds, causation, laws of nature, counterfactuals, and scientific levels.

Theosophy - An Introduction to the Suprasensory Knowledge of the World and the Vocation of Man (Cw 9) (Hardcover): Rudolf... Theosophy - An Introduction to the Suprasensory Knowledge of the World and the Vocation of Man (Cw 9) (Hardcover)
Rudolf Steiner; Translated by Henry B. Monges; Revised by Thomas O'Keefe, David Ecklund, Clifford Venho
R881 R677 Discovery Miles 6 770 Save R204 (23%) Ships in 7 - 11 working days
Formal Ontologies Meet Industry - 7th International Workshop, FOMI 2015, Berlin, Germany, August 5, 2015, Proceedings... Formal Ontologies Meet Industry - 7th International Workshop, FOMI 2015, Berlin, Germany, August 5, 2015, Proceedings (Paperback, 1st ed. 2015)
Roberta Cuel, Robert Young
R1,548 R965 Discovery Miles 9 650 Save R583 (38%) Ships in 10 - 15 working days

This book constitutes the proceedings of the 7th International Formal Ontologies Meet Industries Workshop held in Berlin, Germany, in August 2015. The 11 full research papers accepted for FOMI 2015 were selected from 18 submissions. The papers focus on theoretical studies of formal ontologies committed to provide a sound basis for industrial applications and to allow formal representation of corporate knowledge, and on business experiences in case studies that single out concrete problems and possible solutions in the creation and deployment of formal ontologies. Overall, they provide valuable insights into the current state of progress in supporting industrial information and knowledge sharing through the development of formal ontologies.

Oxford Studies in Epistemology Volume 6 (Paperback): Tamar Szabo Gendler, John Hawthorne Oxford Studies in Epistemology Volume 6 (Paperback)
Tamar Szabo Gendler, John Hawthorne
R822 Discovery Miles 8 220 Ships in 10 - 15 working days

Oxford Studies in Epistemology is a biennial publication which offers a regular snapshot of state-of-the-art work in this important field. Under the guidance of a distinguished editorial board composed of leading philosophers in North America, Europe, and Australasia, it publishes exemplary papers in epistemology, broadly construed. Topics within its purview include: - traditional epistemological questions concerning the nature of belief, justification, and knowledge, the status of scepticism, the nature of the a priori, etc; - new developments in epistemology, including movements such as naturalized epistemology, feminist epistemology, social epistemology, and virtue epistemology, and approaches such as contextualism; - foundational questions in decision-theory; - confirmation theory and other branches of philosophy of science that bear on traditional issues in epistemology; - topics in the philosophy of perception relevant to epistemology; - topics in cognitive science, computer science, developmental, cognitive, and social psychology that bear directly on traditional epistemological questions; - work that examines connections between epistemology and other branches of philosophy, including work on testimony and the ethics of belief. Anyone wanting to understand the latest developments at the leading edge of the discipline can start here.

Varieties of Things - Foundations of Contemporary Metaphysics (Paperback, New): Cynthia Macdonald Varieties of Things - Foundations of Contemporary Metaphysics (Paperback, New)
Cynthia Macdonald
R807 R756 Discovery Miles 7 560 Save R51 (6%) Ships in 10 - 15 working days

"Varieties of Things: Foundations of Contemporary Metaphysics" is about some of the most fundamental kinds of things that there are; the things that we encounter in everyday experience.
A book about the things that we encounter in everyday experience.
Contains a thorough and accessible discussion of the nature and aims of metaphysics.
Examines a wide range of ontological categories, including both particulars and universals.
Mounts a forceful and persuasive case for anti-reductionism.

The Problem of Objectivity in Gadamer's Hermeneutics in Light of McDowell's Empiricism (Hardcover, 1st ed. 2015):... The Problem of Objectivity in Gadamer's Hermeneutics in Light of McDowell's Empiricism (Hardcover, 1st ed. 2015)
Morten S Thaning
R2,406 R1,977 Discovery Miles 19 770 Save R429 (18%) Ships in 10 - 15 working days

This book reassesses Gadamer's hermeneutics by bringing it into a dialogue with John McDowell's minimal empiricism. It employs the resources of McDowell's minimal empiricism to address the transcendental and ontological presuppositions for objective experience and understanding, while retaining Gadamer's emphasis on the historicity of understanding. By means of the dialogue with McDowell, the book develops a hermeneutical conception of objectivity and perceptual experience, which also entails reinterpretations of Gadamer's notions of tradition, practical wisdom and meaning. The book explores the philosophical space beyond the analytic-Continental divide and demonstrates that hermeneutics is not limited to a reflection on understanding as it is practiced in the human sciences, but can be revived as a distinct and cogent philosophical approach with a transcendental and ontological dimension. Thaning's book is a richly detailed, well-argued and coherent presentation of a defensible, and potentially very important, philosophical position. It demonstrates an impressively deep understanding of the literature both from the phenomenological tradition and from the part of the analytical tradition, inspired by Wilfred Sellars, to which John McDowell belongs. Being a substantial philosophical achievement in its own right, the book raises far-reaching questions that will be of interest to a wide audience. Dr. Steven Crowell, Rice University, Houston (USA) Morten Thaning's book is an important contribution to the discourse of philosophical hermeneutics. Thaning extensively discusses a topic, which recent debates have touched upon, but which up to now has not been the subject matter of concentrated scholarly work: the relation between Gadamer's hermeneutics and McDowell's empiricism. With Thaning's interpretation Gadamer' work can be read anew as concerning the problem of hermeneutical objectivity. Prof. Dr. Gunter Figal, University of Freiburg (Germany)

Grounds of Natural Philosophy (Paperback): Margaret Cavendish Grounds of Natural Philosophy (Paperback)
Margaret Cavendish; Edited by Anne M. Thell
R447 Discovery Miles 4 470 Ships in 7 - 11 working days

In recent years, academic interest in Margaret Cavendish has greatly increased as scholars from across the humanities strive to outline her contributions to seventeenth-century debates about natural philosophy. This edition aims to make her most mature and important work more accessible to students and scholars of the period. Grounds of Natural Philosophy is important not only because it is Cavendish's final articulation of her metaphysics, but also because it succinctly outlines her fundamental views on 'the nature of nature'-or the base substance and mechanics of all natural matter-and vividly demonstrates her probabilistic approach to philosophical enquiry. Moreover, Grounds spends considerable time discussing the human body, including the functions of the mind, a topic of growing interest to both historians of philosophy and literary scholars. This Broadview Edition opens to modern readers a vibrant, unique, and provocative voice of the past that challenges our standard view of seventeenth-century English philosophy. Key Features The only existing print edition of Cavendish's most mature philosophical text. Grounds is important to Cavendish's oeuvre, not only because it is the final statement of her metaphysics but also because it demonstrates how Cavendish's philosophical thought evolved over time. Thematically broad, Grounds discusses, among other things, health and the human body, perception, motion, materialism, and the mind - topics that connect with other works in early modern philosophy and with the philosophical concerns of today. Cavendish is one of the few early modern women who wrote and published extensively in philosophy and who dared to publically dispute major issues with her more famous contemporaries; her work offers a vital and alternative voice to the male-dominated realm of seventeenth-century natural philosophy. A substantial introduction to this edition places Cavendish within her philosophical context while also outlining her career, surveying recent critical debates, and explaining some of the most important philosophical aspects of the text. Appendices include excerpts from Cavendish's other major philosophical treatise, Observations upon Experimental Philosophy, as well as relevant selections of correspondence and excerpts from contemporaneous works of philosophy.

The Actual and the Possible - Modality and Metaphysics in Modern Philosophy (Hardcover): Mark Sinclair The Actual and the Possible - Modality and Metaphysics in Modern Philosophy (Hardcover)
Mark Sinclair
R1,390 Discovery Miles 13 900 Ships in 10 - 15 working days

The Actual and the Possible presents new essays by leading specialists on modality and the metaphysics of modality in the history of modern philosophy from the seventeenth to the twentieth centuries. It revisits key moments in the history of modern modal doctrines, and illuminates lesser-known moments of that history. The ultimate purpose of this historical approach is to contextualise and even to offer some alternatives to dominant positions within the contemporary philosophy of modality. Hence the volume contains not only new scholarship on the early-modern doctrines of Baruch Spinoza, G. W. F. Leibniz, Christian Wolff and Immanuel Kant, but also work relating to less familiar nineteenth-century thinkers such as Alexius Meinong and Jan Lukasiewicz, together with essays on celebrated nineteenth- and twentieth-century thinkers such as G. W. F. Hegel, Martin Heidegger and Bertrand Russell, whose modal doctrines have not previously garnered the attention they deserve. The volume thus covers a variety of traditions, and its historical range extends to the end of the twentieth century, addressing the legacy of W. V. Quine's critique of modality within recent analytic philosophy.

Cricket Ball (Hardcover): Gary Cox Cricket Ball (Hardcover)
Gary Cox
R499 Discovery Miles 4 990 Ships in 10 - 15 working days

No object encapsulates the subtle, mysterious richness of cricket as much as its most famous character, the cricket ball: the swinging, bouncing, spinning heart of the glorious game. Gary Cox tells us the life story of the ball in its many guises: new ball, old ball, live ball, dead ball, no-ball, lost ball, swing ball and dot ball. He untangles the complexities of spin bowling (with a little help from Shane Warne), the tricks and cheats involved in ball tampering (including a look at the 2018 Australian scandal) and explores the multi-coloured future of a rapidly changing game. A kaleidoscopic look at the ball through the lenses of everything from philosophy and science to history, politics and biography and the myriad facts and figures of the vast cricket universe, Cox brings you a brimming biography of this legendary leathern orb and the heroes, fools and villains it has created along the way.

The Things We Do and Why We Do Them (Hardcover): C Sandis The Things We Do and Why We Do Them (Hardcover)
C Sandis
R2,078 Discovery Miles 20 780 Ships in 10 - 15 working days

"The Things We Do and Why We Do Them" argues against the common assumption that there is a kind of thing called 'action' which all reason-giving explanation of action are geared towards. Sandis explains why all theories concerned with the form which any such explanation must take fail from the outset, and shows how various debates on the nature of so-called motivating reasons only arise because the participants all share a number of mistaken views which follow from the basic assumption under attack. In so doing, he urges philosophers and psychologists alike to stop asking whether the explanation of action is causal, and to focus instead on its multifarious objects. This book will appeal to anyone interested in motivational psychology, the reasons for which we act, and the philosophy of explanation in general.

The End of the Timeless God (Hardcover): R. T. Mullins The End of the Timeless God (Hardcover)
R. T. Mullins
R2,257 Discovery Miles 22 570 Ships in 10 - 15 working days

The claim that God is timeless has been the majority view throughout church history. However, it is not obvious that divine timelessness is compatible with fundamental Christian doctrines such as creation and incarnation. Theologians have long been aware of the conflict between divine timelessness and Christian doctrine, and various solutions to these conflicts have been developed. In contemporary thought, it is widely agreed that new theories on the nature of time can further help solve these conflicts. Do these solutions actually solve the conflict? Can the Christian God be timeless? The End of the Timeless God sets forth a thorough investigation into the Christian understanding of God and the God-world relationship. It argues that the Christian God cannot be timeless.

Lessons on the Analytic of the Sublime (Paperback, Twenty-Third an): Jean-Francois Lyotard Lessons on the Analytic of the Sublime (Paperback, Twenty-Third an)
Jean-Francois Lyotard; Translated by Elizabeth Rottenberg
R589 R501 Discovery Miles 5 010 Save R88 (15%) Ships in 10 - 15 working days

Philosophical aesthetics has seen an amazing revival over the past decade, as a radical questioning of the very grounds of Western epistemology has revealed that some antinomies of aesthetic experience-and in particular of the limits of the aesthetical-can be viewed as a general, yet necessarily open model for human understanding. In this revival, no text in the classical corpus of Western philosophy has been more frequently discussed than the complex paragraphs modestly inserted into Kant's Critique of Judgment as sections 23-29: the Analytic of the Sublime. This book is a rigorous explication de texte, a close reading of these sections. First, Lyotard reconstitutes, following the letter of Kant's analysis, the philosophical context of his critical writings and of the European Enlightenment. Second, because the analytic of the sublime reveals the inability of aesthetic experience to bridge the separate realms of theoretical and practical reason, Lyotard can connect his reconstitution of Kant's critical project with today's debates about the very conditions-and limits-of presentation in general. Lyotard enables us to see the sublime as a model for reflexive thinking generally via his concept of the "differend," which emphasizes the inevitability of conflicts and incompatibilities between different notions and "phrases." The Analytic of the Sublime, he points out, tries to argue that human thought is always constituted through a similar incompatibility between different intellectual and affective faculties. These lessons thus highlight the analysis of a "differend of feeling" in Kant's text, which is also the analysis of a "feeling of differend," and connect this feeling with the transport that leads all thought (critical thought included) to its limits.

Oxford Studies in Metaphysics - Volume 10 (Paperback): Karen Bennett, Dean W. Zimmerman Oxford Studies in Metaphysics - Volume 10 (Paperback)
Karen Bennett, Dean W. Zimmerman
R772 Discovery Miles 7 720 Ships in 10 - 15 working days

Much of the most interesting work in philosophy today is metaphysical in character. Oxford Studies in Metaphysics is a forum for the best new work in this flourishing field. OSM offers a broad view of the subject, featuring not only the traditionally central topics such as existence, identity, modality, time, and causation, but also the rich clusters of metaphysical questions in neighbouring fields, such as philsophy of mind and philosophy of science. Besides independent essays, volumes will often contain a critical essay on a recent book, or a symposium that allows participants to respond to one another's criticisms and questions. Anyone who wants to know what's happening in metaphysics can start here.

The Tools of Metaphysics and the Metaphysics of Science (Hardcover): Theodore Sider The Tools of Metaphysics and the Metaphysics of Science (Hardcover)
Theodore Sider
R989 Discovery Miles 9 890 Ships in 10 - 15 working days

Metaphysics is sensitive to the conceptual tools we choose to articulate metaphysical problems. Those tools are a lens through which we view metaphysical problems, and the same problems will look different when we change the lens. In this book, Theodore Sider identifies how the shift from modal to "postmodal" conceptual tools in recent years has affected the metaphysics of science and mathematics. He highlights, for instance, how the increased consideration of concepts of ground, essence, and fundamentality has transformed the debate over structuralism in many ways. Sider then examines three structuralist positions through a postmodal lens. First, nomic essentialism, which says that scientific properties are secondary and lawlike relationships among them are primary. Second, structuralism about individuals, a general position of which mathematical structuralism and structural realism are instances, which says that scientific and mathematical objects are secondary and the pattern of relations among them is primary. And third, comparativism about quantities, which says that particular values of scientific quantities, such as having exactly 1000g mass, are secondary, and quantitative relations, such as being-twice-as-massive-as, are primary. Sider concludes these discussions by considering the meta-question of when theories are equivalent and how that impacts the debate over structuralism.

John McDowell (Paperback, 2nd New edition): Tim Thornton John McDowell (Paperback, 2nd New edition)
Tim Thornton
R661 Discovery Miles 6 610 Ships in 10 - 15 working days

John McDowell is one of the most widely read philosophers in recent years. His engagement with a philosophy of language, mind and ethics and with philosophers ranging from Aristotle and Wittgenstein to Hegel and Gadamer make him one of the most original and outstanding philosophical thinkers of the post-war period. In this clear and engaging book, Tim Thornton introduces and examines the full range of McDowell's thought. After a helpful introduction setting out McDowell's general view of philosophy, Thornton introduces and explains the following topics: Wittgenstein on philosophy, normativity and understanding; value judgements; theories of meaning and sense; singular thought and Cartesianism; perceptual experience and knowledge, disjunctivism and openness to the world; Mind and World, the content of perceptual experience and idealism; action and the debate with Hubert Dreyfus on conceptual content and skilled coping. This second edition has been significantly revised and expanded to include new sections on: McDowell's work on disjunctivism and criticisms of it; a new chapter on McDowell's modification of his account of perceptual experience and conceptual content, and criticisms by Charles Travis; and a new chapter on action and McDowell's engagement with Hubert Dreyfus and the debate concerning skilled coping and mindedness. The addition of a glossary and suggestions for further reading makes John McDowell, second edition essential reading for those studying McDowell, philosophy of language, philosophy of mind, ethics and epistemology, as well as for students of the recent history of analytical philosophy generally.

Nietzsche on Mind and Nature (Hardcover): Manuel Dries, P.J.E. Kail Nietzsche on Mind and Nature (Hardcover)
Manuel Dries, P.J.E. Kail
R1,390 Discovery Miles 13 900 Ships in 10 - 15 working days

This volume presents new essays exploring important aspects of Nietzsche's philosophy in connection with two major themes: mind and nature. A team of leading experts address questions including: What is Nietzsche's conception of mind? How does mind relate with the (rest of) nature? And what is Nietzsche's conception of nature? They all express the thought that Nietzsche's views on these matters are of great philosophical value, either because those views are consonant with contemporary thinking to a greater or lesser extent or because they represent a rich alternative to contemporary attitudes. The essays engage with Nietzsche's metaphysics; his philosophy of mind in light of contemporary views; the question of panpsychism in Beyond Good and Evil 36; the rejection of dualism in favour of monism (in particular a monism of value); Nietzsche's positions on consciousness and embodied cognition in light of recent cognitive science; a conception of freedom and agency based on an intrinsically motivating; embodied sense of self-efficacy; a Nietzschean account of valuing understood as drive-induced affective orientations of which an agent approves; the idea of ressentiment conceived as a process of intentional, not reflectively strategic, self-deception about one's own conscious mental states; and a defence of a Nietzschean naturalism.

Mind And Reality: The Space-time Window (Hardcover): Wolfram Schommers Mind And Reality: The Space-time Window (Hardcover)
Wolfram Schommers
R1,845 R1,733 Discovery Miles 17 330 Save R112 (6%) Ships in 10 - 15 working days

The relationship between mind and reality is usually perceived as an event that takes place in reality and producing simultaneously an internal image in the mind. So it takes place twice, so to speak, and there is a one-to-one correspondence between the two events. Within this conception, matter is embedded in space and time, and can be designated as "container-principle". This monograph emphasizes that the well-known philosopher Immanuel Kant denied this principle and he stated that reality is principally not recognizable to a human being, and modern biological evolution seems to lead exactly to Kant's point of view. Within the theory of evolution, man's image about reality in mind does not have to be complete and true in the sense of a precise reproduction, and it is relatively easy to recognize that even space and time should not be elements of reality outside. Within this conception, only a certain part of reality, which the human being needs for mastering life, is projected onto space and time, and we come to the so-called "projection principle". Then, spacetime defines the window to reality, leading to a number of exciting and essential questions, some of which are discussed in this monograph.As is known, current physics is mainly based on the container-principle. But this monograph proposes that the projection principle is obviously more suitable and could help to solve open-ended questions as, for example, in connection with the nature of time, the particle-wave duality, the cosmological constant, etc. Regarding the statistical behavior of matter, Einstein's statement "God does not play dice" has to be seen in a new light, but also Feynman's general viewpoint on quantum theory that it cannot be understood by man. However, conventional quantum theory is obviously not a consistent framework as per the projection principle. The term "world equation" is critically probed in this monograph.

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