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Zimmerman traces the early development of the mission from Britain's initial attempts at technical cooperation in World War I and unsuccessful efforts to restart it in the late 1930s. He highlights Winston Churchill's prominent, yet remarkably inconsistent, role in the story and the often tumultuous diplomatic relations with the Roosevelt administration. Among the secrets Britain revealed was the cavity magnetron, which made microwave radar possible. The Tizard Mission established an effective system of teamwork for Allied technical and scientific cooperation, and it was this teamwork that proved to be a crucial factor in Allied technical superiority. It was also the beginning of the much longer story of Anglo-American scientific and technical cooperation. The Tizard Mission served as a model for the international technical cooperation that continues today in organizations such as NATO.
This title tells the story of the secret war waged by Western intelligence against the Bolsheviks in Russia from 1917. The book asks: what if the Western secret services had succeeded in capturing Lenin as they planned? It reveals how the Western powers worked together first to persuade the Bolsheviks to stay in World War I, and then to attempt their overthrow during the Russian Civil War. It seems that the Bolsheviks often knew what their adversaries were doing and used them as dupes in their own plots.
At the SOE, Dorothy Baden-Powell was engaged in sending saboteurs into occupied Norway and debriefing them on their return to London. After spending a year and a half with the SOE, she was given an assignment in the WRNS to try to break a ring of enemy spies. They were based on HMS Raleigh and were sending information to Germany about the movements of British warships from nearly every port in the United Kingdom. Finally, she uncovered an enemy agent, and by a combination of bravery, sheer determination and luck, succeeded in having him captured. With her assignment successfully completed she gladly returned to her job with the SOE.
The Cold War began in Central Europe within weeks of the surrender of Germany. It had no name, it was not declared, but the soldiers on the front line recognized it. This is the story of the American soldiers who witnessed the beginning of the conflict that dominated world politics for the next 45 years, and did their best to fight it. Jim Milano was chief of intelligence operations for the US forces in Austria from May 1945 until 1950. He led this small group of young Army intelligence officers - the first troops - on a new, clandestine front line. Inventing the techniques of Cold War espionage for themselves, using methods that Milano admits were questionable, he and his men spied on the Soviet forces and arranged for defectors from the East to escape down a "rat line" to South America. This was the same network that later, after Milano and his colleagues had left, was used to smuggle out Nazi war criminals such as Klaus Barbie. This book is an exploration of a unique time in history, and an account of the adventures of young men charged with carrying out the first US espionage efforts of the postwar era.
Surveying the expanding conflict in Europe during one of his famous fireside chats in 1940, President Franklin Roosevelt ominously warned that "we know of other methods, new methods of attack. The Trojan horse. The fifth column that betrays a nation unprepared for treachery. Spies, saboteurs, and traitors are the actors in this new strategy." Having identified a new type of war -- a shadow war -- being perpetrated by Hitler's Germany, FDR decided to fight fire with fire, authorizing the formation of the Office of Strategic Services (OSS) to organize and oversee covert operations. Based on an extensive analysis of OSS records, including the vast trove of records released by the CIA in the 1980s and '90s, as well as a new set of interviews with OSS veterans conducted by the author and a team of American scholars from 1995 to 1997, "The Shadow War Against Hitler" is the full story of America's far-flung secret intelligence apparatus during World War II.
In addition to its responsibilities generating, processing, and interpreting intelligence information, the OSS orchestrated all manner of dark operations, including extending feelers to anti-Hitler elements, infiltrating spies and sabotage agents behind enemy lines, and implementing propaganda programs. Planned and directed from Washington, the anti-Hitler campaign was largely conducted in Europe, especially through the OSS's foreign outposts in Bern and London. A fascinating cast of characters made the OSS run: William J. Donovan, one of the most decorated individuals in the American military who became the driving force behind the OSS's genesis; Allen Dulles, the future CIA chief who ran the Bern office, which he called "the big window onto the fascist world"; a veritable pantheon of Ivy League academics who were recruited to work for the intelligence services; and, not least, Roosevelt himself. A major contribution of the book is the story of how FDR employed Hitler's former propaganda chief, Ernst "Putzi" Hanfstengl, as a private spy.
More than a record of dramatic incidents and daring personalities, this book adds significantly to our understanding of how the United States fought World War II. It demonstrates that the extent, and limitations, of secret intelligence information shaped not only the conduct of the war but also the face of the world that emerged from the shadows.
Seldom out of the news for long, code-breaking has had a bad time in the media so far, readers and viewers often finding it as perplexing as it is intriguing. As one of the greatest achievements of the century, code- breaking is a fascinating story, but all too often misunderstood and felt to be obscure. The author covers the story from the early code-breaking efforts through the rickety structure of the pre-war Government Code and Cypher School to Bletchley Park where a large powerful organisation arose, unscrambling thousands of secret enemy messages every day. Detailing how these amazing discoveries were actually used, taking us briefly into some of the battles of the Second World War, and in some detail the Battle of the Atlantic, when Britain was in danger of starving and where the war was nearly lost. For the first time, the code-breaking story with all its complexities is told in a straightforward and readable manner, whilst at the same time it will not fail to intrigue and astonish readers.
How has the end of the Cold War affected America's intelligence agencies? When are aggressive clandestine operations justifiable, and who should be responsible for deciding to proceed with them? Should the United States engage in more aggressive economic espionage? These are just a few of the issues Loch Johnson examines in this thoughtful assessment of strategic intelligence and its vital role in modern governments. Johnson draws on historical data, more than five hundred interviews, and his own experience working for Congressional committees on intelligence. He begins by defining the functions of intelligence: espionage, counterintelligence, and covert action. He then provides an overview of America's secret operations abroad, assesses the moral implications of clandestine operations, and offers guidelines for a more ethical approach to the use of secret power. Johnson explores the question of intelligence accountability, looking closely at how well intelligence agencies have been monitored through the forum of Congressional hearings. He compares America's approach to intelligence with that of other nations, discusses the degree to which intelligence agencies should provide information about foreign businesses, and evaluates how well the U.S. intelligence agencies fared during the Cold War against the USSR. Secret agencies have the capacity not only to safeguard democracy but also to subvert it, says Johnson. As such, they deserve both our support and our scrutiny.
"Produced by religious intolerance, political fanaticism, or social
resentment, denunciation is a modern democratic practice too long
neglected by historians. This fascinating book, written by
excellent specialists, establishes a first inventory of this
practice, leading the reader through the revolutionary and
counter-revolutionary cultures of the last two
This volume pulls together a core collection of documents pertaining to the CIA. Leary's introduction provides an overview and chronology of the US intelligence operations from the American Revolution through to World War II, and places the documents in proper perspective.
Considering the number of books that have been written about SOE, very little has been revealed about the most frequently mentioned of its training establishments, the Finishing School on Lord Montagu's estate at Beaulieu in Hampshire. So secret were the activities that even the Montagu family whose home was in the middle of the school complex, were unaware of what was in fact taking place. Virtually nothing was known about who designed the courses and did the teaching, how the students were taught or where the instructors had obtained their knowledge of spycrafts.Wishing to find out more, Lord Montagu commissioned local historian, Cyril Cunningham, to undertake the necessary research, unaware that Cunningham was a former Intelligence officer.This book is the outcome of a difficult investigation, and a very remarkable story it is too. Large numbers of agents from Britain and the Nazi-occupied countries of Europe were trained at Beaulieu in the delicate arts of secret inks, coding, clandestine communications and black propaganda, along with such nefarious skills as silent killing, housebreaking, safe-blowing, forgery,unattributable sabotage and survival techniques. They were taught by some extraordinary characters including former spies, a professional burglar and the infamous double-agent Kim Philby, who played a significant role in the design of the curriculum.
This collection of writings covers the war on the Western Front.
Whereas, traditionally, attention has been given to strategic or
political matters, these essays highlight tactical issues. They
show that the British high command could boast more achievements in
tactics than is usually assumed.
From the 1930's to the 1950's a significant number of left-wing men and women in the United States, Britain, Europe, Australia and Canada were recruited to the Soviet intellgence services.
During the late 1940s the newly created CIA, in a loose alliance
with anti-communist intellectuals and trade unionists, launched a
massive, clandestine effort to win the Cold War allegiance of the
European left. Drawing on numerous personal interviews and document
collections on both sides of the Atlantic, this book examines in
detail the origins of the CIA's covert campaign and assesses it's
impact on the US's principal Cold War ally, Britain, focusing
particularly on attempts to combat communist penetration of British
trade unions, stimulate support within the Labour party for key
American strategic aims, such as European union, and influence the
politics of Bloomsbury "literati."
In A Sense of Place, renowned wine expert and writer Steven Kolpan tells the story of how Francis Ford Coppola brought California's most distinguished and historic vineyard back to life. Gustave Niebaum's Inglenook Estate, started in 1879, was one of the Napa Valley's first established vineyards and the birthplace of its premium wine industry. Generations after Niebaum's death, the vineyard was sold to Heublein, the wine and spirits monolith, who broke up the land and changed the Inglenook brand from a premium, connoisseur wine to a mass-market jug wine. In 1975, Francis Coppola bought the Niebaum residence and the surrounding estate. Along with the original estate's reputation, he also brought back some of its original workers, including Rafael Rodriquez, who, in h is late seventies, now serves as the vineyard manager and historian. Coppola overcame naysayers, red tape, and financial turmoil to reestablish the winery as a defender of quality, producing wine under four different labels, including the revered wine Rubicon. In 1995, Coppola purchased the Inglenook Chateau and its adjacent vineyards, fulfilling his dream of reuniting the original Napa Valley estate. Kolpan's luscious, flavorful narrative is worth enjoying now and keeping for later.
This is the first full-length study of the role played by British Intelligence in influencing policy towards Japan from the decline of the Alliance to the outbreak of the Pacific War. Using many previously classified records it describes how the image of Japan generated by Intelligence during this period led Britain to underestimate Japanese military capabilities in 1941. The book shows how this image was derived from a lack of adequate intelligence resources and racially driven assumptions about Japanese national characteristics.
It was an enigma of the Vietnam War: American troops kept killing the Viet Cong--and being killed in the process--and yet their ranks continued to grow. When CIA analyst Sam Adams uncovered documents suggesting a Viet Cong army more than twice as large as previously reckoned, another war erupted, this time within the ranks of America's intelligence community. Although originally clandestine, this conflict involving the highest levels of the U.S. government burst into public view during the acrimonious lawsuit Westmoreland v. CBS. The central issue in the suit, as in the war itself, was the calamitous failure of U.S. intelligence agencies to ascertain the strength of the Viet Cong and get that information to troops in a timely fashion. The legacy of this failure--whether caused by institutional inertia, misguided politics, or individual hubris--haunts our nation. In the era of Chelsea Manning, Julian Assange, and Edward Snowden, Sam Adams' tireless crusade for "honest intelligence" resonates strongly today.
In the post-cold-war era, there is a growing awareness that intelligence data such as imagery could contribute to environmental programs, management of natural resources, and even disaster relief. A key question facing policymakers and intelligence community managers is whether (and how) to balance routine unclassified environmental surveillance with traditional intelligence missions. This report discusses the stakeholders, interests, opportunities, and risks for the United States in greater use of intelligence data for environmental purposes by civil agencies, universities, and industry. After discussing alternative approaches to providing intelligence data for environmental uses and evaluation criteria, the authors offer summary observations, open questions, and recommendations on actions the U.S. government and the intelligence community should and should not take. An appendix includes three government policy statements on using intelligence data for environmental purposes.
This is the previously untold story of the remarkable relationship between a young British diplomat and Emperor Haile Selassie of Ethiopia from the latter's Coronation in 1930 until his murder in 1975. Based on Chapman-Andrew's diary, the core of the book describes the extraordinary SOE operation in 1940 to re-instate the Emperor on his throne after being driven out by the invading Italians. Together with the legendary Orde Wingate, Chapman-Andrews accompanied the Emperor through Italian occupied Ethiopia and, after many adventures, the vital mission was accomplished. Later Chapman-Andrews was a key figure during the Suez Crisis and in Britain's relations with Egypt and Sudan as well as Ethiopia.
June 6, 1944. The Allies landed in Normandy. Recalling first the build-up to D-Day, this guide goes on to describe the German defenses consulting the assault forces. Then, sector by sector, it gives a lively account of operations on each of the beaches. Each time the units and soldiers involved are presented, along with the action taking them to their objectives of the day. This will enable visitors to locate and see all the major D-Day sights with the help of this accurate and lively text backed up with numerous maps and sketches, and presentday photographs matched up with some of thise taken by war correspondents.
Strategy in the Missile Age first reviews the development of modern military strategy to World War II, giving the reader a reference point for the radical rethinking that follows, as Dr. Brodie considers the problems of the Strategic Air Command, of civil defense, of limited war, of counterforce or pre-emptive strategies, of city-busting, of missile bases in Europe, and so on. The book, unlike so many on modern military affairs, does not present a program or defend a policy, nor is it a brief for any one of the armed services. It is a balanced analysis of the requirements of strength for the 1960's, including especially the military posture necessary to prevent war. A unique feature is the discussion of the problem of the cost of preparedness in relation to the requirements of the national economy, so often neglected by other military thinkers. Originally published in 1959. The Princeton Legacy Library uses the latest print-on-demand technology to again make available previously out-of-print books from the distinguished backlist of Princeton University Press. These editions preserve the original texts of these important books while presenting them in durable paperback and hardcover editions. The goal of the Princeton Legacy Library is to vastly increase access to the rich scholarly heritage found in the thousands of books published by Princeton University Press since its founding in 1905.
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